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Soldiers' Tower

Soldiers' Tower is a bell and clock tower at the University of Toronto that commemorates members of the university who served in the World Wars. Designed by architects Henry Sproatt and Ernest Ross Rolph, the Gothic Revival tower stands at 143 feet tall and houses a carillon of 51 bells; the University of Toronto is the only Canadian university with a functioning carillon. After the Great War, university alumni raised $397,141 to erect the tower as a war memorial; the cornerstone was laid in 1919 by Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, the 11th Governor General of Canada. Construction was completed in 1924 at a cost of $252,500, with the surplus funds endowed for scholarships in perpetuity; the names of those lost in the Great War are etched on a sheltered stone screen adjacent to the tower's base, while the inner walls of the tower's stone archway are inscribed with the names of those lost in the Second World War. In 1927, the clock was installed and the carillon was dedicated with its first 23 bells.

Both were purchased by the alumni association from the famous British firm Gillett & Johnston, which cast the bells atop the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill. An additional 19 bells were added in 1952 to commemorate World War II, but were replaced in 1976 and more bells added; the carillon was rededicated that year at its present size with the addition of these 28 bells from Petit & Fritsen. In that same operation the transposition of this carillon was raised: whereas the instrument at first transposed down a major second, its 51 bells now speak at concert pitch; the bells of Soldiers' Tower Carillon range in weight from 23 pounds to the bourdon's 4 tons, are performed on special occasions such as convocation, reunions and Remembrance Day in addition to regular recitals attended by university members and the general public. Remembrance Day Ceremonies at the University of Toronto are held yearly, on or about the 11th of November, with representatives from many Canadian institutions laying wreaths at the foot of the Soldier's Tower in honour of alumni who, as soldiers, made the ultimate sacrifice during WWI and WWII.

The tower features a dramatic 12-panel stained-glass window, a visual interpretation of John McCrae's "In Flanders Fields", along with 8 smaller stained-glass windows that depict men and women of the armed forces at wartime. This memorial is dedicated to members of the University of Toronto who served in the First and Second World Wars. A museum within the tower showcases a collection of medals, memorial books, photographs and miscellaneous memorabilia from the period. A memorial stained glass window is dedicated to three University College students killed in the Fenian Raids. High on the wall of the Memorial Room there is a memorial carved in stone for each of the Carillon of 51 bells which memorialize individuals at the University of Toronto who lost their lives in World War I; the First World War inscription on the memorial panels of Soldiers' Tower is: The Second World War inscription on the memorial panels is: An additional set of inscriptions on the First World War panels includes two biblical quotes in Ancient Greek: The first biblical quote is from Hebrews 11:4: "Though dead, he still speaks."

The second biblical quote is taken from Wisdom 3:1: "The souls of the just in the hands of God." Soldiers' Tower virtual tour Emporis.com - Soldiers' Tower Media related to Soldiers' Tower at Wikimedia Commons The Soldiers' Tower Committee

United Nations Security Council Resolution 619

United Nations Security Council resolution 619, adopted unanimously on 9 August 1988, after recalling Resolution 598, the Council approved a report by the Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar on the implementation of paragraph 2 of Resolution 598. The Council decided therefore, to establish the United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group for an initial period of six months, to monitor the ceasefire between Iran and Iraq at the end of their conflict. Iran–Iraq relations Iran–Iraq War List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 601 to 700 Resolutions 479, 514, 522, 540, 552, 582, 598, 612, 616 and 620 Text of the Resolution at undocs.org Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 619 at Wikisource

Dentsu Building

The Dentsu Building or Dentsu Headquarters Building is a high-rise building in the Shiodome area of Minato, Japan. The building houses the corporate offices of Dentsu. 48 floors rise to 213.34 m, it is the twelfth-tallest building in Tokyo and second-tallest in Shiodome, next to Shiodome City Center. It was designed by French architect Jean Nouvel and completed in 2002, it was built over the site of Tokyo's first train station, sits aside the Hamarikyu Gardens the site of a shōgun's vacation home. The Dentsu building is an example of contemporary architecture, featuring collectors on the roof to utilize rainwater for its plumbing system, as well as ceramic dots on the windows which, in concert with computerized window shades, control climate control expenditure; the Dentsu building has 70 elevators, including a special elevator reserved only for VIPs and executive management. With the exception of sludge, all waste materials produced in the construction of the Dentsu Building were recycled