Capitol Records, Inc. is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint. It was founded as the first West Coast-based record label in the United States in 1942 by Johnny Mercer, Buddy DeSylva, Glenn E. Wallichs. Capitol was acquired by British music conglomerate EMI as its North American subsidiary in 1955. EMI was acquired by Universal Music Group in 2012 and was merged with the company a year making Capitol and the Capitol Music Group both a part of UMG; the label's circular headquarter building in Hollywood is a recognized landmark of California. Capitol's roster includes Katy Perry, Sir Paul McCartney, Mary J. Blige, the Beach Boys, the Beastie Boys, Neil Diamond, Brian Wilson, Avenged Sevenfold, 5 Seconds of Summer, Don Henley, Sam Smith, Migos, NF, Emeli Sandé, Troye Sivan, Calum Scott, Tori Kelly, Jon Bellion, Niall Horan. Songwriter Johnny Mercer founded Capitol Records in 1942 with financial help from songwriter and film producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, owner of Wallichs Music City.
Mercer raised the idea of starting a record company while golfing with Harold Arlen and Bobby Sherwood and with Wallichs at Wallichs's record store. On February 2, 1942, Mercer and Wallichs met DeSylva at a restaurant in Hollywood to talk about investment by Paramount Pictures. On March 27, 1942, the three men incorporated as Liberty Records. In May 1942, the application was amended to change the company's name to Capitol Records. On April 6, 1942, Mercer supervised Capitol's first recording session where Martha Tilton recorded the song "Moon Dreams". On May 5, Bobby Sherwood and his orchestra recorded two tracks in the studio. On May 21, Freddie Slack and his orchestra recorded three tracks in the studio. On June 4, 1942, Capitol opened its first office in a second-floor room south of Sunset Boulevard. On that same day, Wallichs presented the company's first free record to Los Angeles disc jockey Peter Potter. On June 5, 1942, Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra recorded four songs at the studio. On June 12, the orchestra recorded five more songs in the studio, including "Trav'lin' Light" with Billie Holiday, On June 11, Tex Ritter recorded " Jingle Jangle Jingle" and "Goodbye My Little Cherokee" for his first Capitol recording session, the songs formed Capitol's 110th produced record.
The earliest recording artists included co-owner Mercer, Johnnie Johnston, Morse, Jo Stafford, the Pied Pipers, Tex Ritter, Paul Weston and Margaret Whiting Capitol's first gold single was Morse's "Cow Cow Boogie" in 1942. Capitol's first album was Capitol Presents Songs by Johnny Mercer, a three disc set with recordings by Mercer and the Pied Pipers, all with Weston's Orchestra; the label's other 1940s musicians included Les Baxter, Les Brown, Jimmy Bryant, Billy Butterfield, Nat King Cole, Sammy Davis Jr. Dinning Sisters, Tennessee Ernie Ford, Mary Ford, Benny Goodman, Skitch Henderson, Betty Hutton, Stan Kenton, Peggy Lee, Billy May, Les Paul, Alvino Rey, Andy Russell, Smilin' Jack Smith, Kay Starr, Speedy West, Cootie Williams. Musicians on the Capitol Americana label included Lead Belly, Cliffie Stone, Hank Thompson, Merle Travis, Wesley Tuttle, Jimmy Wakely, Tex Williams. Capitol was the first major west coast label to compete with labels on the east coast such as Columbia, RCA Victor.
In addition to its Los Angeles recording studio, Capitol owned a second studio in New York City and sent mobile recording equipment to New Orleans and other cities. In 1946, writer-producer Alan W. Livingston created Bozo the Clown for the company's children's record library. Examples of notable Capitol albums for children during that era are Sparky's Magic Piano and Rusty in Orchestraville. Capitol developed a noted jazz catalog that included the Capitol Jazz Men and issued the Miles Davis's album Birth of the Cool Capitol released a few classical albums in the 1940s, some of which contained a embossed, leather-like cover; these recordings appeared on 78 rpm format released on the 33 format in 1949. Among the recordings: Brazilian composer Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros No. 10, with contributions from a Los Angeles choral group and the Janssen Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Werner Janssen. In 1949, Capitol opened a branch office in Canada and purchased KHJ Studios on Melrose Avenue adjacent to Paramount in Hollywood.
By the mid-1950s, Capitol had become a huge company. The label's roster included the Andrews Sisters, Ray Anthony, Shirley Bassey, June Christy, Tommy Duncan, Tennessee Ernie Ford, the Four Freshmen, the Four Knights, the Four Preps, Jane Froman, Judy Garland, Jackie Gleason, Andy Griffith, Dick Haymes, Harry James, the Kingston Trio, the Louvin Brothers, Dean Martin, Al Martino, Skeets McDonald, Louis Prima, Nelson Riddle, Dinah Shore, Frank Sinatra, Keely Smith. Capitol began recording roll acts such as the Jodimars and Gene Vincent. There were comedy records by Stan Freberg, Johnny Standley, Mickey Katz. Children listened to Capitol's Bozo the Clown albums. Although various people played Bozo the Clown on television, Capitol used the voice of Pinto Colvig, the voice of Goofy in Walt Disney cartoons. Don Wilson released children's records. In June 1952, Billboard magazine contained a chronicle of the label's first ten years in business. In 1955, the British record company EMI ended its 55-year mutual distribution
No Sleep till Brooklyn
"No Sleep till Brooklyn" is a song by the New York hip hop group the Beastie Boys, the sixth single from their debut studio album Licensed to Ill. Among other references to then-popular metal, the title is a play on the Motörhead album No Sleep'til Hammersmith. Kerry King, guitarist for Slayer, played the guitar riffs and solo. In a different tuning, the song interprets "TNT" by AC/DC. More metal commentary and adaptation is added by the video, directed by Ric Menello, as a parody of glam metal. In their career, the Beastie Boys continued to perform the song live, although with altered lyrics. "M. C. A.'s in the back because he's skeezin' with a whore," was changed to "M. C. A.'s in the back with the mahjong board", "Autographed pictures and classy hoes" was changed to "Autographed pictures to nobody knows."The song features one of many homages to New York City's boroughs, has been described as "joyful ranting." The music video for "No Sleep till Brooklyn" was co-directed by Adam Dubin. Menello and Dubin directed the video for the Beastie Boys' preceding single, " Fight for Your Right".
Kerry King, who plays guitar on this track appears in the video. Ruth Collins known as the "Queen of B Movies" of the 80's is featured as the lead dancer; the song is featured on the soundtrack of the Steven Seagal film Out for Justice. Rapper Tone Lōc sampled the riff for his song "Ace Is on the House", featured in the end credits and soundtrack of the 1994 film Ace Ventura: Pet Detective; the song was used in several films and video games including Cop Out, Guitar Hero: World Tour and The Secret Life of Pets. "No Sleep till Brooklyn" appeared in the promos for the 2013 VMA Awards and trailer for Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows. The song was played in "Family Guy"'s season 15 episode "Cop and a Half-Wit" during a montage in which Peter and Joe arrest several crime breakers while Peter is on the police force; the instrumental was used for WWE wrestler Nunzio. This song was featured in Guitar Hero World Tour; the song featured prominently in the soundtrack of "99", the 99th episode of the TV Show Brooklyn Nine-Nine.
British comedian Tony Hawks parodied the song's chorus in "Stutter Rap" under the pseudonym of "Morris Minor and the Majors" where they rapped'No need for shouting!" Dutch group Osdorp Posse recorded a cover/adaptation in Dutch, as "Geen slaap tot Osdorp". The song is played as "No Sleep'til Belfast" by Stiff Little Fingers on their 1988 album No Sleep'til Belfast In 2009, "No Sleep'till Brooklyn" was covered by Jay-Z at the All Points West Festival "No Sleep till Brooklyn" on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Root Down (EP)
Root Down is an EP by American hip hop group the Beastie Boys, released in 1995. The first three tracks are variations of the track "Root Down", from the Beastie Boys' 1994 album Ill Communication; the remaining seven tracks were recorded "live in Europe, winter 1995". The hidden track heard in the end is a radio jingle in Hebrew made in Israel's military radio station Galey Tzahal, it promoted a Beastie Boys special aired prior to their only two concerts in the country, in March 1995. When Mike D and Ad-Rock were interviewed in the station they asked for it. All tracks written by Beastie Boys except. "Root Down" is a song by the Beastie Boys from their fourth studio album Ill Communication. The original version of the track, as well as two remixes of the track, are featured on the Root Down EP, it was released as a single in promotion of the Root Down EP. A sample from jazz musician Jimmy Smith's "Root Down", from his seminal album Root Down, serves as the basis for "Root Down". A small vocal sample from "Root Down" was sampled on The Prodigy's 1997 track "Funky Shit".
CD single "Root Down" – 3:32 "Root Down" – 3:47 "Root Down" – 3:30CD single "Root Down" – 3:327" single A. "Root Down" – 3:43 B. "Ricky's Theme" – 3:32 Beastie Boys – Root Down EP at Discogs
Frederick Jay Rubin is an American record producer and former co-president of Columbia Records. Along with Russell Simmons, he is the co-founder of Def Jam Recordings and established American Recordings. With the Beastie Boys, LL Cool J, Public Enemy, Geto Boys, Run-DMC, Rubin helped popularize hip hop music. Rubin has worked with artists such as AC/DC, Aerosmith, At The Drive-In, Black Sabbath, Coheed And Cambria, Damien Rice, Dixie Chicks, Ed Sheeran, Frank Ocean, Gogol Bordello, Jakob Dylan, Jay Z, Jake Bugg, James Blake, Joe Strummer, Johnny Cash, Justin Timberlake, Kanye West, Kid Rock, Lady Gaga, Lana Del Rey, Led Zeppelin, Linkin Park, Melanie C, Mick Jagger, Neil Diamond, Rage Against the Machine, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Sheryl Crow, Slipknot, System of a Down, The Avett Brothers, The Black Crowes, The Cult, The Four Horsemen, The Mars Volta, The Smashing Pumpkins, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Type O Negative, Dan Auerbach, The Black Keys and ZZ Top. In 2007, MTV called him "the most important producer of the last 20 years", the same year Rubin appeared on Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World.
Frederick Jay Rubin grew up in Lido Beach, New York. His father, Michael was a shoe wholesaler and his mother, Linda, a housewife, he is of Jewish descent. While a student at Long Beach High School he befriended the school's audiovisual department director Steve Freeman who gave him a few lessons in guitar playing and songwriting, he played in a band with childhood friends Marc Greenhut, Carlos Ferreiro, Joey Ferrante doing garage and school shows for town friends until Steve, an AV teacher, helped him create a punk band called The Pricks. Their biggest claim to fame was being thrown off the stage at CBGB after two songs for brawling with the heckling audience; these hecklers were friends of the band instructed to instigate a confrontation so as to get the show shut down and create a buzz. Somewhat anecdotally, this story was confirmed in an interview with music journalist Zane Lowe. Although he had no authority in New York City, Rubin's father traveled from Nassau County, New York, to Manhattan wearing his Long Beach auxiliary police uniform as he attempted to "shut down" the show.
During his senior year, Rubin founded Def Jam Records using the school's four-track recorder. He moved on to form Hose, influenced by San Francisco's Flipper. In 1982, a Hose track became Def Jam's first release, a 45 rpm 7" vinyl single in a brown paper bag, no label; the band played in and around the NYC punk scene, toured the Midwest and California, played with seminal hardcore bands like Meat Puppets, Hüsker Dü, Circle Jerks, Butthole Surfers, Minor Threat, becoming friends with frontman and Dischord Records owner Ian MacKaye. The band broke up in 1984. Having befriended Zulu Nation's DJ Jazzy Jay, Rubin began to learn about hip hop production. By 1983, the two had produced "It's Yours" for rapper T La Rock, released it on their independent label, Def Jam Records. Producer Arthur Baker helped to distribute the record worldwide on Baker's Streetwise Records in 1984. Jazzy Jay introduced Rubin to concert promoter/artist manager Russell Simmons in a club, Rubin explained he needed help getting Def Jam off the ground.
Simmons and Rubin edged out Jazzy Jay and the official Def Jam record label was founded while Rubin was attending New York University in 1984. Their first record released was LL Cool J's "I Need a Beat". Rubin went on to find more hip-hop acts outside The Bronx and Harlem including rappers from Queens, Staten Island, Long Island, which led to Def Jam's signing of Public Enemy. Rubin was instrumental in pointing the members of the Beastie Boys away from their punk roots and into rap, resulting in the exit of Kate Schellenbach from the group. 1985's "Rock Hard"/"Party's Gettin' Rough"/"Beastie Groove" EP by the Beastie Boys came out on the success of Rubin's production work with breakthrough act Run-DMC, of which previous recordings were produced by Russell Simmons and Orange Krush's musician Larry Smith. His productions were characterized by fusing rap with heavy rock. Rubin tapped Adam Dubin and Ric Menello to co-direct the music videos for the Beastie Boys' " Fight for Your Right" and "No Sleep till Brooklyn" launching the band's mainstream hip hop careers.
It was the idea of Rick Rubin's friend Sue Cummings, an editor at Spin magazine, to have Run–D. M. C. and Aerosmith collaborate on a cover of Aerosmith's "Walk This Way". This 1986 production is credited with both introducing rap hard rock to mainstream ears, revitalizing Aerosmith's career. In 1986, he worked with Aerosmith again on demos for their forthcoming album, but their collaboration ended early and resulted in only rough studio jams. In the same year, Rubin began his long musical partnership with Slayer, producing Reign in Blood, considered a classic of the heavy metal genre; this was his first work with a metal band. In 1987, The Cult released Electric. Produced by Rubin, the album remains one of classic works. Rubin would work with The Cult again for the single "The Witch", in 1992. Rubin is credited as music supervisor in the movie Less Than Zero and is the producer of its soundtrack. Rubin portrayed a character based upon himself in the 1985 hip-hop motion picture Krush Groove, inspired by the early days of Russell Simmons' career as an artist management and music producer.
He directed and co-wrote a second Run–D. M. C. Film, Tougher Than Leather in 1988. In 1988, Rubin and Simmons went thei
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788; the Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a subsidiary of News UK, itself wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and The Sunday Times do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, have only had common ownership since 1967. In 1959, the historian of journalism Allan Nevins analysed the importance of The Times in shaping the views of events of London's elite: For much more than a century The Times has been an integral and important part of the political structure of Great Britain, its news and its editorial comment have in general been coordinated, have at most times been handled with an earnest sense of responsibility. While the paper has admitted some trivia to its columns, its whole emphasis has been on important public affairs treated with an eye to the best interests of Britain.
To guide this treatment, the editors have for long periods been in close touch with 10 Downing Street. The Times is the first newspaper to have borne that name, lending it to numerous other papers around the world, such as The Times of India and The New York Times. In countries where these other titles are popular, the newspaper is referred to as The London Times or The Times of London, although the newspaper is of national scope and distribution; the Times is the originator of the used Times Roman typeface developed by Stanley Morison of The Times in collaboration with the Monotype Corporation for its legibility in low-tech printing. In November 2006 The Times began printing headlines in Times Modern; the Times was printed in broadsheet format for 219 years, but switched to compact size in 2004 in an attempt to appeal more to younger readers and commuters using public transport. The Sunday Times remains a broadsheet; the Times had an average daily circulation of 417,298 in January 2019. An American edition of The Times has been published since 6 June 2006.
It has been used by scholars and researchers because of its widespread availability in libraries and its detailed index. A complete historical file of the digitised paper, up to 2010, is online from Gale Cengage Learning; the Times was founded by publisher John Walter on 1 January 1785 as The Daily Universal Register, with Walter in the role of editor. Walter had lost his job by the end of 1784 after the insurance company where he worked went bankrupt due to losses from a Jamaican hurricane. Unemployed, Walter began a new business venture. Henry Johnson had invented the logography, a new typography, reputedly faster and more precise. Walter bought the logography's patent and with it opened a printing house to produce a daily advertising sheet; the first publication of the newspaper The Daily Universal Register in Great Britain was 1 January 1785. Unhappy because the word Universal was omitted from the name, Walter changed the title after 940 editions on 1 January 1788 to The Times. In 1803, Walter handed editorship to his son of the same name.
In spite of Walter Sr's sixteen-month stay in Newgate Prison for libel printed in The Times, his pioneering efforts to obtain Continental news from France, helped build the paper's reputation among policy makers and financiers. The Times used contributions from significant figures in the fields of politics, science and the arts to build its reputation. For much of its early life, the profits of The Times were large and the competition minimal, so it could pay far better than its rivals for information or writers. Beginning in 1814, the paper was printed on the new steam-driven cylinder press developed by Friedrich Koenig. In 1815, The Times had a circulation of 5,000. Thomas Barnes was appointed general editor in 1817. In the same year, the paper's printer James Lawson and passed the business onto his son John Joseph Lawson. Under the editorship of Barnes and his successor in 1841, John Thadeus Delane, the influence of The Times rose to great heights in politics and amongst the City of London.
Peter Fraser and Edward Sterling were two noted journalists, gained for The Times the pompous/satirical nickname'The Thunderer'. The increased circulation and influence of the paper was based in part to its early adoption of the steam-driven rotary printing press. Distribution via steam trains to growing concentrations of urban populations helped ensure the profitability of the paper and its growing influence; the Times was the first newspaper to send war correspondents to cover particular conflicts. W. H. Russell, the paper's correspondent with the army in the Crimean War, was immensely influential with his dispatches back to England. In other events of the nineteenth century, The Times opposed the repeal of the Corn Laws until the number of demonstrations convinced the editorial board otherwise, only reluctantly supported aid to victims of the Irish Potato Famine, it enthusiastically supported the Great Reform Bill of 1832, which reduced corruption and increased the electorate from 400,000 people to 800,000 people.
During the American Civil War, The Times represented the view of the wealthy classes, favouring the secessionists, but it was not a supporter of slavery. The third John Walter, the founder's grandson, succeeded his father in 1847; the paper continued as more or less independent, but from t
Kate Schellenbach is an American musician and television producer. She is the drummer of Luscious Jackson and was a founding member of an early, punk incarnation of the Beastie Boys. Schellenbach was born in New York City, she played with the Beastie Boys from 1981 to 1984, drummed for Luscious Jackson until the band broke up in spring of 2000, again when they re-formed in 2011. Schellenbach was the drummer for the punk band the Lunachicks, during the summer of 1992, she was an Emmy Award-winning segment producer on The Ellen DeGeneres Show appearing on screen on a show first aired on December 4, 2007, playing the bongos with host Ellen DeGeneres. She's worked as a producer on Lopez Tonight, Love You, Mean It with Whitney Cummings, Chelsea Lately, Hello Ross, The Late Late Show with James Corden. Schellenbach attended Stuyvesant High School, she was romantically linked to Josephine Wiggs. During their relationship, they were featured in an article in The Advocate, a national LGBT magazine published in the United States.
They formed the short-lived band Ladies Who Lunch, Schellenbach played drums on Luscious Jackson's side-project, which Wiggs recorded and co-produced. Kate Schellenbach on IMDb Kate Schellenbach on Twitter