Yiddish is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews. It originated during the 9th century in Central Europe, providing the nascent Ashkenazi community with a High German-based vernacular fused with elements taken from Hebrew and Aramaic as well as from Slavic languages and traces of Romance languages. Yiddish is written with a vocalized version of the Hebrew alphabet; the earliest surviving references date from the 12th century and call the language לשון־אַשכּנז or טײַטש, a variant of tiutsch, the contemporary name for Middle High German. Colloquially, the language is sometimes called מאַמע־לשון, distinguishing it from לשון־קודש, meaning Hebrew and Aramaic; the term "Yiddish", short for Yidish Taitsh, did not become the most used designation in the literature until the 18th century. In the late 19th and into the 20th century the language was more called "Jewish" in non-Jewish contexts, but "Yiddish" is again the more common designation today. Modern Yiddish has two major forms. Eastern Yiddish is far more common today.
It includes Southeastern and Northeastern dialects. Eastern Yiddish differs from Western both by its far greater size and by the extensive inclusion of words of Slavic origin. Western Yiddish is divided into Southwestern and Northwestern dialects. Yiddish is used in a number of Haredi Jewish communities worldwide; the term "Yiddish" is used in the adjectival sense, synonymously with "Jewish", to designate attributes of Yiddishkeit. Prior to the Holocaust, there were 11–13 million speakers of Yiddish among 17 million Jews worldwide. 85% of the 6 million Jews who died in the Holocaust were Yiddish speakers, leading to a massive decline in the use of the language. Assimilation following World War II and aliyah, immigration to Israel, further decreased the use of Yiddish both among survivors and among Yiddish-speakers from other countries. However, the number of speakers is increasing in Hasidic communities; the established view is that, as with other Jewish languages, Jews speaking distinct languages learned new co-territorial vernaculars, which they Judaized.
In the case of Yiddish, this scenario sees it as emerging when speakers of Zarphatic and other Judeo-Romance languages began to acquire varieties of Middle High German, from these groups the Ashkenazi community took shape. What German base lies behind the earliest form of Yiddish is disputed. In Max Weinreich's model, Jewish speakers of Old French or Old Italian who were literate in either liturgical Hebrew or Aramaic, or both, migrated through Southern Europe to settle in the Rhine Valley in an area known as Lotharingia extending over parts of Germany and France. Both Weinreich and Solomon Birnbaum developed this model further in the mid-1950s. In Weinreich's view, this Old Yiddish substrate bifurcated into two distinct versions of the language and Eastern Yiddish, they retained the Semitic vocabulary and constructions needed for religious purposes and created a Judeo-German form of speech, sometimes not accepted as a autonomous language. Linguistic research has finessed the Weinreich model or provided alternative approaches to the language's origins, with points of contention being the characterization of its Germanic base, the source of its Hebrew/Aramaic adstrata, the means and location of this fusion.
Some theorists argue. The two main candidates for the germinal matrix of Yiddish, the Rhineland and Bavaria, are not incompatible. There may have been parallel developments in the two regions, seeding the Western and Eastern dialects of Modern Yiddish. Dovid Katz proposes that Yiddish emerged from contact between speakers of High German and Aramaic-speaking Jews from the Middle East; the lines of development proposed by the different theories do not rule out the others. In more recent work, Wexler has argued that Eastern Yiddish is unrelated genetically to Western Yiddish. Wexler's model has met with little academic support, strong critical challenges among historical linguists. By the 10th century, a distinctive Jewish culture had formed in Central Europe which came to be called אַשכּנזי Ashkenazi, "Ashkenazi Jews, from Hebrew: אַשכּנז Ashkenaz, the medieval Hebrew name for northern Europe and Germany. Ashkenaz was centered on the Rhineland and the Palatinate, in what is now the westernmost part of Germany.
Its geographic extent did not
Kids in Glass Houses
Kids in Glass Houses were a Welsh rock band from Pontycymmer. The band's name was inspired by the lyrics "not throwing stones at you anymore" from the Glassjaw song "Tip Your Bartender"; the band achieved success on the strength of the singles "Give Me What I Want" and "Saturday" off their debut album Smart Casual in 2008. The band released their second album Dirt in early 2010; the band's third album, In Gold Blood, was released on 15 August 2011. Their fourth album,'Peace', was released on 30 September 2013; the quintet had a series of support slots during late 2006 and early 2007, playing alongside Lostprophets, Thirty Seconds to Mars, Hundred Reasons, Manic Street Preachers and The Goo Goo Dolls. In the band's early stages, they shared the stage with the likes of Funeral for a Friend and The Used on the Taste of Chaos 2005 UK tour in Cardiff, they released their debut full-length EP E-Pocalypse! on 9 October 2006. During their time as an unsigned band, the band garnered a rare and unprecedented amount of press and support from rock media, including Kerrang! and NME as well as BBC Radio 1 and XFM.
In a television interview Lostprophets vocalist Ian Watkins claimed that "relatively unknown bands such as Kids in Glass Houses are a lot better than a lot of known bands out there." In August 2007, the band were nominated for Best British Newcomer at the Kerrang! Awards, where the group were beaten to the award by Gallows. Despite Kids in Glass Houses' disappointment at not winning, fellow countrymen Lostprophets brought the band up on stage with them to claim their own award. During the run up to the awards, Kids in Glass Houses played a special show, titled The Day Of Rock, inside Zavvi on Oxford Street, alongside Enter Shikari, The Answer and Turisas. During October 2007, the band completed a 16 date headline tour of the UK supported by London's Tonight Is Goodbye and friends of the bands rotating on the tour – Saidmike and The New 1920. Following that they supported fellow Welshmen Funeral for a Friend, on their December 2007 UK tour, they signed to Roadrunner Records on 8 December 2007, shortly before going on stage to support Funeral For A Friend.
Between the October and December tours, the band recorded their debut album at Long Wave Studios with Romesh Dodangoda, who produced the band's previous EP. During a studio session, the band recorded a live version of Glassjaw's "Ry Ry's Song"; the band released "Easy Tiger" as their first single on 10 March 2008. The video received considerable rotation on music channels, as well as entering the Kerrang! Top 10 Overdrive upon the first week of its release; the band released their debut album, entitled Smart Casual, on 26 May 2008. The album features re-recordings of three songs from E-Pocalypse!. Prior to this, the single "Give Me What I Want" was released on 19 May 2008. On 21 May 2008, the band embarked on a headline tour to promote Smart Casual which finished with a performance at Astoria 2 on 5 June 2008; the support for the tour was provided by American punk rock band Valencia. This was followed by another headline tour during October, with support provided by This City and Save Your Breath, a European tour with Zebrahead and Simple Plan.
The band were one of the support acts for Paramore and New Found Glory on the 2008 RIOT Tour – during which guitarist Iain Mahanty joined New Found Glory onstage to perform their song, "Hit Or Miss". They supported Fall Out Boy on their UK arena tour in March 2009. In February 2009, website Punktastic.com released the video for "Dance All Night". The song was not released. Recording of the second album started on 1 August 2009, in Texas, USA; the first single was released on 5 October titled "Young Blood", being released as a digital download single. Their second single "Matters At All" was released on 31 January 2010 and reached a peak of number 65 on the UK Singles Chart and giving the band their first number 1 single on the UK Rock Chart; the band toured in March providing support for Lostprophets. Dirt was released on 29 March 2010; the digital special edition includes three bonus tracks: "Believer", "Reputation" and "When The World Comes Down". On 2 May 2010, they embarked on their headline tour starting in Newcastle and finishing in Exeter on 14 May.
On 23 May they played the In New Music We Trust stage at the Radio 1 Big Weekend in Bangor, North Wales. They were joined on stage by Frankie Sandford for "Undercover Lover" and Dev from Radio One for a cover version of "Jump". On 5 June 2010, the band were one of three supporting acts for Stereophonics at their gig at the Cardiff City Stadium, they released the third single from album Dirt, "Undercover Lover", on 13 June, which featured Frankie Sandford on guest vocals from The Saturdays. The single proved successful when it reached number 62 on the UK Singles Chart, the highest placement of a Kids In Glass Houses' single besides "Give Me What I Want"; the band played June Leeds Festival 2010 on the NME/Radio 1 Stage. The band toured the UK in November 2010 with Boys like girls and You And What Army for the Dirt Tour Part II. Kids In Glass Houses supported Stereophonics at Belsonic, a music festival in Custom House Square, Belfast. In Kerrang! Magazine, Aled Phillips was quoted as saying the band are going in a "radically different direction".
He added "It'll be a big, grown-up rock record. It's going to document a journey. I don't want to give too much away, but it's looking to be our most'mature' album." Recording for the album began in March with producer Jason Perry. Frontman Aled Phillips announced on his Twitter account that Kids In Glass Houses will be touring in Septemb
Twenty Years Later
Twenty Years Later is a 1984 Brazilian documentary film which has become one of the best-known films directed by Eduardo Coutinho. It originated in 1964 as a planned feature film about the life and death of João Pedro Teixeira, a leader of the Peasant leagues from Paraíba, assassinated on the order of local landowners in 1962, but before it could be completed, production was interrupted by political developments, with some of the crew and cast arrested and their materials confiscated. In 1984, Coutinho returned to the material, shooting new footage of some of crew; the resulting critically acclaimed documentary gained a cult following. The original script told the story of João Pedro Teixeira, a peasant leader from Sapé, Paraíba, assassinated in 1962 on the order of local landowners. In 1962, replacing a cameraman of Centro Popular de Cultura, filmed a protest over the death of Teixeira in Paraíba and met Elizabeth, Teixeira's widow, for the first time. On his return to Rio de Janeiro, he was offered the chance of directing a film for CPC.
He wanted to adapt João Cabral de Melo Neto's poems "Cão sem plumas", "O rio" and "Vida e morte Severina" but the poet refused, so he decided to film the life of Texeira instead. In 1963, he went to Paraíba and Pernambuco and within three days he wrote a screenplay based on Mrs. Teixeira's accounts. Coutinho started to shoot the film in 1964, to be more authentic, he cast Mrs. Teixeira as herself, other farmers in the other roles, he wanted to film in Sapé but because of local conflicts he moved the filming location to Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco. After 35 days shooting, with about 40 percent of the film complete, the Brazilian military dictatorship arrested some members of cast and crew and confiscated the script and other materials; the government tried to confiscate the footage, but most had been sent for processing in Rio and survived. Returning to the region where Twenty Years was shot to produce other documentaries in 1979, Coutinho considered completing the film, he concluded he needed to make a different kind of project, telling the story of the earlier filming and revisiting its cast and crew.
In 1984, he showed what he had filmed to Mrs. Teixeira and local people and documented their reactions to it and the changing times. In 1984, at the 6th Havana Film Festival, Twenty Years Later won the Best Documentary Award, it won the Best Film Award at the 1st Festroia International Film Festival and at the 1985 Cinéma du Réel. Moreover, it became one of the best known films by Coutinho, it gained a cult following in Brazil, the section In Memoriam of the 86th Academy Awards used it as a reference of his career. By the time it was released in the English-speaking world it was well received by its critics. Variety "It became a historical document of the revolution from the losers' viewpoint. Cabra suggest the cinema's power to be an agent of its own creative process, it is a original documentary". The New York Times described it as "a provocative, one-of-a-kind document" that "is anything but idyllic. However, Mr. Coutinho's commitment to his characters is all the more effective for being cool and unsentimental."
Johh King, in his book Magical Reels: A History of Cinema in Latin America called it "The most important Brazilian documentary of the period". Writing for RogerEbert.com, Pablo Villaça praised its "fascinating narrative" and deemed it as "one of the most intriguing documentaries you could see". BibliographyLins, Consuelo. O documentário de Eduardo Coutinho: televisão, cinema e vídeo. Zahar. Pp. 36–38. ISBN 9788571107694. Twenty Years Later on IMDb Twenty Years Later at Rotten Tomatoes
Ioan Gruffudd is a Welsh actor. He first came to public attention as Fifth Officer Harold Lowe in Titanic, for his portrayal of Horatio Hornblower in the Hornblower series of television films. Subsequent roles have included Lancelot in King Arthur, Mister Fantastic in Fantastic 4 and its sequel, William Wilberforce in Amazing Grace, Tony Blair in W.. His other film credits include 102 Dalmatians, Black Hawk Down, The Gathering, Fireflies in the Garden, The Secret of Moonacre, Horrible Bosses, The Adventurer: The Curse of the Midas Box, San Andreas. On television, Gruffudd has starred in the CW series Ringer, the ABC drama Forever, the Lifetime series UnReal, Sundance/ITV's Liar, the Australian series Harrow. Gruffudd was born on 6 October 1973 in Llwydcoed, Wales, the eldest of three siblings. Gruffudd's parents and Gillian Gruffudd, were both teachers, his father was headmaster at two Welsh comprehensive schools in South Wales, first at Ysgol Gyfun Llanhari later at Ysgol Gyfun Rhydfelen. He has a brother, two years younger, a sister, seven years his junior.
The Gruffudd siblings were raised in a Protestant non-conformist household. The Welsh name "Ioan", is an equivalent of "John", "Gruffudd" corresponds to the anglicised "Griffith". During his childhood, his family moved to Cardiff. Gruffudd attended Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Aberdar, Ysgol Gymraeg Melin Gruffydd, Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf, he was an accomplished oboist in his teens, achieving a Grade 8 level in the ABRSM music examinations and playing in the South Glamorgan Youth Orchestra for several years, but gave it up once acting took up most of his time. He won prizes for his high baritone singing while at school, including one at the National Eisteddfod, he has said, "As a Welshman, I grew up in a culture of singing and performing with music, I think it was through this performing that I got my confidence as an actor."Gruffudd's parents are committed Christians, in his early 20s he was a member of the London Church of Christ, but his mother came to London to "sort head out". In June 2007, he said that he "wouldn't describe myself as a religious man".
Gruffudd started his acting career at the age of 13 in a Welsh television film and moved on to the Welsh language soap opera Pobol y Cwm from 1987 to 1994. He played football with the Pobol y Cwm football team Cwmderi FC alongside co-stars Hywel Emrys, Gwyn Elfyn and Ieuan Rhys. During this time, he was active on stage, in school performances, in the 1991 Urdd Eisteddfod production of Cwlwm. In 1992, aged 18, he began attending the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. However, he was only given small parts in the Academy's productions, feeling isolated and directionless dropped out several times. However, in 1995 in his final year, he was cast in Ibsen's Hedda Gabler as George Tesman, the husband of Hedda, the lead character; this performance led to his being offered the lead role in the 1996 TV remake of Poldark. After playing Oscar Wilde's lover John Gray in 1997's Wilde he took his first role as Fifth Officer Harold Lowe in the blockbuster film Titanic, he landed the role of Horatio Hornblower in Hornblower, the Meridian production of the C. S. Forester novels, shown on ITV1 and A&E.
He has said: "It was quite something for an unknown actor to get the lead. So I will always be grateful to Hornblower.... I would love to play this character through every stage of his life. I think it would be unique to have an actor playing him from the early days as a midshipman, through till he's an Admiral. So, I would love to play this character till he perishes."His television work includes playing the character Pip in the BBC TV production of Charles Dickens' Great Expectations, Lt. John Feeley in BBC One's Warriors and architect Philip Bosinney in ITV's adaptation of The Forsyte Saga, he has starred in the films Black Hawk Down and King Arthur. In 2007, he starred in the historical drama Amazing Grace as William Wilberforce, the British abolitionist, receiving critical acclaim for the role. Gruffudd has portrayed characters of both Marvel Comics and DC Comics, having appeared as Mister Fantastic in Marvel's Fantastic Four and Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, provided the voice of Mister Miracle in DC's Justice League Unlimited.
In 2008, he appeared in Fireflies in the Garden. In 2008, he appeared in The Secret of Moonacre. In 2009, he starred alongside Josh Brolin in W. a biopic about the life of US President George W Bush, in which Gruffudd played Tony Blair. In 2011, he played the financier of a cave dive in Sanctum. Gruffudd débuted his new male lead of Dr Andrew Earlham, a respected surgeon and widowed father of a teenage son, on 11 September 2017, in ITV's new 6-part thriller miniseries, Liar. Dr Earlham's world—personally and professionally—is torn asunder when his son's schoolteacher, Laura Neilson accuses him of raping her after their first date, the details of which she cannot remember. Liar began airing in the US on SundanceTV on 25 September 2017. Apart from television and film work, he starred in the music video of Westlife's version of "Uptown Girl" alongside Claudia Schiffer. On 7 July 2007 he was a presenter at the UK leg of L
It's Better to Be Wealthy and Healthy Than Poor and Ill
A satiric tragi-comedy about two women and their lover Robert, an emigrant that keeps coming back. This film shows chaotic post-communist Europe after the fall of totalitarianism. Two opposite characters, meet during the Velvet Revolution in November 1989. Intellectual dissident Nona and a Communist secret police boss’ mistress Ester, they become friends. They don’t want anything to do with politics, both want to get married and have kids, but get rich. Crazy plans and risky attempts to realize their shared dreams land them in many sticky situations in the post-revolution chaos. Too much money gets in the way of the power of friendship. “Before the premiere of this last film from united Czechoslovakia in June 1992, the motif of separation of Czechoslovakia was taken as a joke, but when it happened 6 months it was a tragedy. Though I predicted it I didn’t pass as a fortune-teller. I had no idea that my main character Dáša Veškrnová would go on to become the first lady in the part of the former Czechoslovakia where I have decided to live ….”
IX. Festival de Cinema de Troia Setubal 1993 • Grand Prize The Golden Dolphin Trailer It’s better to be wealthy and healthy than poor and ill Information about film
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
A tallit is a fringed garment traditionally worn by religious Jews. The tallit has special knotted fringes known as tzitzit attached to its four corners; the cloth part is known as the "beged" and is made from wool or cotton, although silk is sometimes used for a tallit gadol. The term is, to an extent, ambiguous, it can refer either to the "tallit katan" item that can be worn over or under clothing and referred to as "tzitzit", or to the "tallit gadol" Jewish prayer shawl worn over the outer clothes during the morning prayers and worn during all prayers on Yom Kippur. The term "tallit" alone refers to the tallit gadol. There are different traditions regarding the age from which a tallit gadol is used within Orthodox Judaism. In some communities, it is first worn from bar mitzvah. In many Ashkenazi circles, a tallit gadol is worn only from marriage, in some communities it may be customarily presented to a groom before marriage as a wedding present or as part of a dowry; the Bible does not command wearing of a unique prayer tallit.
Instead, it presumes that people wore a garment of some type to cover themselves and instructs the Children of Israel to attach fringes to the corners of these, repeating the commandment in terms that they should "make thee twisted cords upon the four corners of thy covering, wherewith thou coverest thyself". These passages do not specify tying particular numbers of knots in the fringes; the exact customs regarding the tying of the tzitzit and the format of the tallit are of post-biblical, rabbinic origin and, though the Talmud discusses these matters different traditions have developed in different communities. However the Bible is specific as to the purpose of these tzitzit, stating that "it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, remember all the commandments of the LORD, do them. Encyclopaedia Judaica describes the prayer shawl as "a rectangular mantle that looked like a blanket and was worn by men in ancient times", it "is white and made either of wool, cotton, or silk".
Traditionally the tallit is made of wool or linen, based on an understanding that reference to a "garment" in the bible in connection with a mitzvah refers to wool and linen garments. Though other materials are sometimes used, the debate has not reached a conclusion, many among the orthodox, prefer wool, accepted by all authorities. There is debate about mixed wool and linen tallit, since the bible forbids klayim - "intertying" wool and linen together, with the two exceptions being garments of kohanim and tzitzit. Concerning tzitzit, chazal permit using wool and linen strings in tandem only when genuine tekhelet is available, whereas kabbalist sources take it a step further by encouraging its practice. According to the biblical commandment, a blue thread is included in the tzitzit. However, for many centuries since the exile of the Jewish people from the Land of Israel, tzitzit have been worn without a techelet fringe, though in the last hundred years there has been something of a comeback.
In Modern Hebrew the word is pronounced, with the stress on the final syllable. In Yiddish it is, with the stress on the first syllable; the plural of tallit in Hebrew is pronounced. The Yiddish plural is taleisim, pronounced. Tallit is an Aramaic word from the root T-L-L טלל meaning cover. Tallit means cloak or sheet but in Talmudic times referred to the Jewish prayer shawl. In modern Hebrew idiom, the sarcastic expression, "a blue tallit" is used to refer to something, ostensibly, but not absolutely pure and virtuous; the expression stems from rabbinic lore about the biblical figure Korah who led a revolt against the leadership of Moses and Aaron. Koraḥ was said to have asked Moses a number of vexatious, mocking questions, one of which was, "Does a tallit made of blue yarn require tzitzit?" To Moses' affirmative answer, Koraḥ objected that an ordinary tallit is rendered'kosher' by attaching to its corners the tzitzit tassels, whose key feature was the single thread of blue contained in each tassel.
If so, what addition of holiness could the tzitzit contribute to a tallit, made of the same sky-blue yarn? The notion implicit in questions like this attributed by the rabbis to Koraḥ is the same as that expressed in Koraḥ's challenge to Moses and Aaron, "The entire congregation is holy, God is in their midst, so why do you exalt yourselves above God's congregation?" Koraḥ ostensibly subscribed to the laws that were the subject of his questions to Moses, but was using them to mock and discredit Moses. Therefore, Koraḥ's question about a tallit made of blue yarn, ostensibly "more kosher than tzitzit" but is not, since it still requires tzitzit, became, in Hebrew idiom, an epithet used sarcastically against hypocritical displays of false piety; the phrase "more ko