Leave Home is the second studio album by American punk rock band the Ramones. It was released on January 10, 1977, through Sire Records, with the expanded CD being released through Rhino Entertainment on June 19, 2001. Songs on the album were written after the band's first album's writing process, which demonstrated the band's progression; the album featured faster tempos. The front photo was taken by Moshe Brakha and the back cover, which would become the band's logo, was designed by Arturo Vega; the album spawned three singles, but only one succeeded in charting. It was promoted with several tour dates in the United States and Europe; the songs in Leave Home concentrate with the musical tones being diverse as well. Some tunes were more pop-oriented, while others, like "Gimme Gimme Shock Treatment" and "Pinhead" were loaded with distorted guitars and had a more punk rock sound; the song "Carbona Not Glue" was taken off the album because it violated the trademark of the stain-removal product Carbona.
The track was replaced with "Babysitter" in the United Kingdom and "Sheena Is a Punk Rocker" in the United States. Critical reception for the album was favorable, with several reviewers pointing out the fact that it resembled the band's debut album. Critics said the album was less groundbreaking than their debut but had humorous and enjoyable pieces; the album peaked at 148 on the Billboard 200 despite its critical acclaim as well as the band members expecting more commercial success. The writing and structure are both somewhat more sophisticated than the songs on their previous record. Guitarist Johnny Ramone relates: "We recorded them in the order. Most of the songs were written in the band member's homes, rather than at a studio. Joey Ramone recalled: I wrote most of the stuff I contributed at my apartment in Forest Hills before I left and moved back to a place in the city. I had no amp at home, just an electric guitar. I played that back at rehearsal. We had better production, we were playing a little faster, we had a lot of songs accumulated.
We were in good shape for that album. Recorded October 1976 in New York City at Sundragon Studios through Sire Records, Leave Home featured increased sound quality through more advanced output methods. Sire set their budget at about $10,000 hiring Tony Bongiovi to produce the album, Tommy Ramone to co-produce. More emphasis was placed on the album's mixing and engineering than their debut album, which received $6,400 to record and produce. With a more fine-tuned and exceptional sound, Leave Home presented a production value superior to other punk rock bands at the time. Author Joe S. Harrington called the band's production "brilliant", noted that it "put them ahead of the run-of-the-mill garage band."The title Leave Home refers to the Ramones leaving New York City to go on tour around the world. The album cover was designed by Moshe Brakha, who had worked with the Rolling Stones to yield the Black and Blue cover art, would work with artists like Devo and Iron Maiden; the back cover of the album was a drawing of a bald eagle by graphic designer Arturo Vega.
The image would soon become the band's logo. The original release included "Carbona Not Glue" as the fifth track. However, a month before the band released Leave Home, Ramones' manager Danny Fields announced to the band that Carbona was a registered trademark and that their record label had to remove the song from the album's track listing. Legs McNeil recalled: "I was shocked, it was such a great song, so radio-friendly—like a song the Beatles or the Rolling Stones would have written if they were just starting out in 1976, with great harmonies and catchy lyrics." Although early purchasers of the Sire release got an album that included the song, "Carbona Not Glue" was replaced by "Sheena Is a Punk Rocker" for the US release, "Babysitter" for the UK release. In the early 90's, after being unavailable for years, the song was bootlegged as a 45 RPM single with "I Can't Be" as the B-side; the single's cover sported a faux Sub Pop Singles design, despite not being released by the label. The song was revived on the 2001 Extended Edition of the album, which included "Babysitter".
There were three singles released from Leave Home: "I Remember You", "Swallow My Pride", "Carbona Not Glue", released respectively. "Swallow My Pride" was the only single from Leave Home that charted, peaking at thirty-six on the United Kingdom singles chart. The album's final single, "Carbona Not Glue"/"I Can't Be", was released in 1991 as a bootleg; the single was given four out of five stars by AllMusic's Matt Whalley, who said that the song "could have been one of the Ramones' most popular tracks if it was not pulled from the album due to legal reasons." Whalley called the B-side "I Can't Be" "simple", describing it as "in the same vein as'Carbona Not Glue,' only shifting focus to relationships."After the album came out in February, the band began a four-week tour of the United States starting with Los Angeles. On February 4, the band played at the Nassau Coliseum with Blue Öyster Cult, played with Suicide the next day at CBGB. A week after this, the band played with Blue Öyster Cult again in Poughkeepsie, to which Johnny relates: "Those arena shows were a little better for us, although we would have more bad experiences in those big places.
I never enjoyed playing them." The band used their newly design
Jeffrey Ross Hyman, known professionally as Joey Ramone, was an American musician and singer-songwriter, lead vocalist of the punk rock band the Ramones. Joey Ramone's image and tenure as frontman of the Ramones made him a countercultural icon. Jeffrey Ross Hyman was born on May 1951, in Queens, New York to a Jewish family, his parents were Noel Hyman. The family lived in Forest Hills, New York where Hyman and his future Ramones bandmates attended Forest Hills High School. Though happy, Hyman was something of an outcast, diagnosed at 18 with obsessive–compulsive disorder, he grew up with his brother Mickey Leigh. His mother, Charlotte Lesher, divorced Noel Hyman, she was widowed by a car accident while she was on vacation. Joey was born with a parasitic twin, a malformed Siamese twin growing out of his back; the twin was incomplete and thus it was surgically removed. Hyman was a fan of the Beatles, the Who, David Bowie, the Stooges among other bands oldies and the Phil Spector-produced "girl groups".
His idol was Pete Townshend of the Who, with. Hyman took up the drums at 13, played them throughout his teen years before picking up an acoustic guitar at age 17. In 1972 Hyman joined the glam punk band Sniper. Sniper played at the Mercer Arts Center, Max's Kansas City and the Coventry, alongside the New York Dolls and Queen Elizabeth III. Hyman played with Sniper under the name Jeff Starship. Mickey Leigh: "I was shocked when the band came out. Joey was the lead singer and I couldn't believe how good he was; because he'd been sitting in my house with my acoustic guitar, writing these songs like'I Don't Care', fucking up my guitar, he's this guy on stage who you can't take your eyes off of." Hyman continued playing with Sniper until early 1974. In 1974, Jeffrey Hyman co-founded the punk rock band the Ramones with friends John Cummings and Douglas Colvin. Colvin was using the pseudonym "Dee Dee Ramone" and the others adopted stage names using "Ramone" as their surname: Cummings became Johnny Ramone and Hyman became Joey Ramone.
The name "Ramone" stems from Paul McCartney: he used the stage name "Paul Ramon" during 1960/1961, when the Beatles, still an unknown five-piece band called the Silver Beetles, did a tour of Scotland and all took up pseudonyms. Joey served as the group's drummer while Dee Dee Ramone was the original vocalist. However, when Dee Dee's vocal cords proved unable to sustain the demands of consistent live performances, Ramones manager Thomas Erdelyi suggested Joey switch to vocals. After a series of unsuccessful auditions in search of a new drummer, Erdelyi took over on drums, assuming the name Tommy Ramone; the Ramones were a major influence on the punk rock movement in the United States, though they achieved only minor commercial success. Their only record with enough U. S. sales to be certified gold was the compilation album Ramones Mania. Recognition of the band's importance built over the years, they are now represented in many assessments of all-time great rock music, such as the Rolling Stone lists of the 50 Greatest Artists of All Time and 25 Greatest Live Albums of All Time, VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock, Mojo's 100 Greatest Albums.
In 2002, the Ramones were voted the second greatest rock and roll band in Spin, trailing only the Beatles. In 1996, after a tour with the Lollapalooza music festival, the band played their final show and disbanded. Ramone's voice was within a tenor range, his signature cracks, snarls and youthful voice made his one of punk rock's most recognizable voices. Allmusic.com claims that "Joey Ramone's signature bleat was the voice of punk rock in America." As his vocals matured and deepened through his career, so did the Ramones' songwriting, leaving a notable difference from his initial melodic and callow style—two notable tracks serving as examples are "Somebody Put Something in My Drink" and "Mama's Boy". Dee Dee Ramone was quoted as saying "All the other singers were copying David Johansen, copying Mick Jagger... But Joey was unique unique." In 1985, Ramone joined Steven Van Zandt's music industry activist group Artists United Against Apartheid, which campaigned against the Sun City resort in South Africa.
Ramone and 49 other recording artists – including Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, Keith Richards, Lou Reed and Run DMC — collaborated on the song "Sun City", in which they pledged they would never perform at the resort. In 1994, Ramone appeared on the Helen Love album Love and Glitter, Hot Days and Music, singing the track "Punk Boy". Helen Love returned the favor, singing on Ramone's song "Mr. Punchy". In October 1996, Ramone headlined the "Rock the Reservation" alternative rock festival in Tuba City, Arizona.'Joey Ramone & the Resistance' debuted Ramone's interpretation of Louis Armstrong's "Wonderful World' live, as well as Ramone's choice of Ramones classics and some of his other favorite songs. Ramone recorded the song "Meatball Sandwich" with Youth Gone Mad. For a short time before his death, he took the role of manager and producer for the punk rock band the Independents, his last recording as a vocalist was backup vocals on the CD One Nation Under by the Dine Navajo rock group Blackfire.
He appeared on two tracks, "What Do You See" and "Lying to Myself". The 2002 CD
Marc Steven Bell is an American musician best known by his stage name Marky Ramone. He is best known for being the drummer of the punk rock band the Ramones, from May 1978 until February 1983, August 1987 until August 1996, he has played in other notable bands, Estus, Richard Hell and the Voidoids and Misfits. Marky Ramone's tenure with the Ramones lasted 15 years, he is the only living member inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the only living member to receive the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2015 Marky released his autobiography Punk Rock Blitzkrieg: My Life as a Ramone, he lives in Brooklyn Heights with Marion Flynn. Bell began playing drums in 1971 with the hard rock band Dust, featuring Kenny Aaronson on bass and Richie Wise on guitar, produced by Kenny Kerner. Bell recorded two albums before getting into the punk scene. In late 1972, following the death of the New York Dolls' original drummer Billy Murcia, Bell was the only considered alternative to the chosen Jerry Nolan.
"Jerry and I knew each other," he said. "When Billy died, I went down to the loft where the Dolls were auditioning… I could do different time signatures, different accents, I overplayed it – put in all these drum fills that weren't necessary. And Jerry just kept the beat straight. So Jerry got it and I didn't."In 1973, Marky joined Estus and recorded an album of the same name, produced by The Rolling Stones' first producer, Andrew Loog Oldham. Bandmates for Estus included Harry Tom and John Nicholas. In the mid-1970s, Bell joined Richard Hell and the Voidoids and played on their first album, Blank Generation. In May 1978, Tommy Ramone asked Bell to join the Ramones. Marky was with the Ramones for the next five years, he starred in the movie Rock'n' Roll High School, recorded the anthem, "I Wanna be Sedated", worked with legendary producer Phil Spector. After five albums with Dee Dee and Johnny Ramone, Marky was asked to leave the band in February 1983 because of a drinking problem, he was replaced by Richie Ramone, himself replaced four years by Clem Burke of Blondie, asked to leave only after two shows.
Marky returned clean and sober in August 1987, played 1700 shows and recorded 10 studio albums with the band until their retirement in August 1996. In 1996, Marky joined performing Ramones songs. In 2000, Marky joined Joey to record Joey's solo album, entitled. Joey told talk show host Joe Franklin. In 1997 and 1999 Marky recorded two albums with the Intruders. In 2001, he was presented with a lifetime achievement award from MTV by U2 singer Bono. In September 2004, Ramone served as Executive Producer and released a Ramones DVD entitled Ramones: Raw on Image Entertainment, which featured footage of the band while on tour all over the world along with other various rare, vintage footage. Much of the candid footage is courtesy of Marky Ramone's personal video library. Ramones: Raw is the only certified Gold selling Ramones DVD and one of only two US gold selling releases in the Ramone entire catalog, the other being the greatest hits double LP Ramones Mania, released in 1988. Ramones: Raw is the highest charting release in Ramones history.
On April 22, 2008, Marky Ramone appeared on a new CD in Canada playing drums with the Canadian punk band called Teenage Head. The CD is called Teenage Head with Marky Ramone and it was released in the USA on June 10, 2008. Ramone played Rock in Rio, on September 14, 2013. Marky Ramone continues to tour the world. Since 2005, he has hosted the show Punk Rock Blitzkrieg on Sirius XM; the show was aired on Faction, but has since been moved to 1st Wave following the launch of Turbo on Channel 41 and the relocation of Faction to Channel 314 as an Xtra Channel. The show has been renamed to Marky Ramone's 1st Wave Blitzkrieg. In April 2018, Marky Ramone's Punk Rock Blitzkrieg launched as a 24/7 channel available online only for Sirius XM subscribers; the channel features aired recordings of Marky Ramone's 1st Wave Blitzkrieg. In 1993, Marky Ramone appeared with the Ramones in the episode "Rosebud" of The Simpsons. In October 2001, Marky appeared on MTV accepting his lifetime achievement award presented by Bono of U2.
Ramone appeared on Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations twice. On the 2007 Cleveland episode, he ate with Bourdain at the Michael Symon restaurant Lola and toured the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Bourdain said. On the 2010 "No Reservations Holiday Special," the two gather around a table and discuss what they want from Santa Claus. In 2017 Ramone voiced a cartoon version of himself For Cartoon Network's Series Uncle Grandpa on the season 5 episode "Late Night Good Morning with Uncle Grandpa" In 2017 Ramone appeared on the AMC show Comic Book Men where he showed a piece of art he had created: a toy robot composed of old cell-phones. In 2009 he teamed up with Tommy Hilfiger's, Hilfiger Denim to launch his own clothing line consisting of leather jackets, T-shirts, his own beer line, he has his own line of pasta sauce, "Marky Ramone's Brooklyn's Own Pasta Sauce." In 2015 Marky released his autobiography Punk Rock Blitzkrieg: My Life As a Ramone. Marky Ramone's hand prints are on the Hollywood Rock Walk.
In March 2002, Marky Ramone was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, at New York's Waldorf Astoria as a Ramone Marky Ramone is the only living Ramone who won the lifetime achievement award from the Grammy Awards for 2011. The
Road to Ruin (Ramones album)
Road to Ruin is the fourth studio album by American punk rock band the Ramones, released on September 21, 1978, through Sire Records as LP record, 8 track cartridge & audio cassette. It was the first Ramones album to feature new drummer Marky Ramone. Tommy stress while touring; the artwork's concept was designed by Ramones fan Gus MacDonald and modified by John Holmstrom to include Marky instead of Tommy. It features the well-known track "I Wanna Be Sedated." The songs on Road to Ruin were considered by both fans and critics as an attempt to get the band more airplay. The album incorporated musical elements which were less prominent in punk rock, such as guitar solos and ballads; the difference in style caused for mixed reviews by critics, with many pointing out that the band was trying to sell more records through a change in form. This attempt by the band failed, as Road to Ruin peaked at 103 on the Billboard 200, over 50 places behind its predecessor, Rocket to Russia. After the band's previous album Rocket to Russia saw poor album sales, drummer Tommy Ramone left his performing position to focus on producing for the band.
After Tommy suggested they search for a new drummer, they began looking in New York City based clubs. While at CBGBs, Ramones bassist Dee Dee Ramone approached Marc Bell –, his friend and had been the drummer in Richard Hell and the Voidoids – asking him if he was interested in joining the Ramones. A month after this encounter, Bell was invited by Danny Fields to audition for the band. Around twenty others auditioned to be the drummer with the band wanting Marky. Marky played "I Don't Care" and "Sheena Is a Punk Rocker" and Johnny and DeeDee after the audition, wanted him in the band. Marky Ramone took over the drum throne, he continues in Tommy's style while adding a few needed licks. Three weeks after Marky joined the band, the Ramones began recording Road to Ruin in Midtown Manhattan at Media Sound Studios, the premises of a former Episcopalian Church. Album engineer Ed Stasium explained the recording process: "After Tommy left the band, we went straight into working on the Road to Ruin album with Marky Ramone.
We rehearsed with Marky. We went into the studio and mixed the record at Media Sound. We spent a lot of money, the entire summer, on Road to Ruin." Music critic John Young of Rolling Stone called the album's production "clean and simple", but pointed out that the track "Bad Brain" contained "funny noises" suggested by the producers in between drum beats, which prevents the song from having the humorous asperity, intended. The artwork's concept was originated by Ramones fan Gus MacDonald, who illustrated the members performing with a lobster claw coming out of an amplifier and a snake around their feet. Following the drawing's completion, MacDonald sent it to the band and they decided to make it their Road to Ruin album cover; this sketch did, include original drummer Tommy, so the drawing had to be modified to depict Marky instead. This alteration was undergone by a Punk magazine associate and designer; the album introduced some characteristics which were unheard of in Ramones records, such as guitar solos, acoustic rhythm guitars, ballads.
These attributes were debated on by the band's fans as well as critics, who questioned whether these changes were to expand their musical fashion or the band was selling out and abandoning their punk rock edge. Though "Bad Brain", "I Wanted Everything", "I'm Against It" each serves as basic punk songs to intensify the behavior of the audience, the most popular tracks on the album are the pieces which part from their initial style. "Bad Brain" would inspire the name of the pioneering hardcore band. Tommy Ramone said of the album's content: Road to Ruin reflected not just the Ramone's enduring love for the sixties pop, but a nagging desire to expand beyond the confines of 120 seconds in search of a new vocabulary of harmonic hooks, albeit linked to the guitar-crunching sonics established on their first three albums; the album opens with the midtempo piece "I Just Want to Have Something to Do", which contains lyrics pertaining to ambivalence and anomie. In the song, Joey manages to rhyme "Second Avenue" with "chicken vindaloo".
The next track, "I Wanted Everything", is compared to Merle Haggard's song "If We Make It Through December", being called its "punk counterpart" by Rock: A Canadian Perspective author Larry Starr. "Questioningly" is a ballad focusing on failing relationships and heartbreak. "Don't Come Close" uses elements which can be heard in country music, such as twang."She's the One" suggests that the band will continue making records, while "Needles and Pins" is a cover of The Searchers' song "Needles and Pins". Rolling Stone critic Charles Young noted that the song could have been a joke, but was not since Joey "really puts his guts into these antiquated but beautiful lyrics and pulls it off." "I Wanna Be Sedated" was written by Joey while in the hospital where he was treated for burns on his face and in his throat. The injury was the result of an exploding kettle full of boiling water which served to treat sinuses; the album concludes with "It's a Long Way Back", written by Dee Dee and depicts his childhood in Germany.
With the band's slight change in musical style, material included on the album was intended to gain a sense of mainstream acceptance, though the band members felt that this was not achieved. Tommy relates: "Road to Ruin was a flop Stateside though it had been a deliberate attempt to secure American radioplay." The album's lack o
Reincidentes is a Spanish rock/punk rock band. They started playing in the 1980s as Incidente Local, formed by Manuel Pizarro on drums, Juan Barea on bass, Fernando Medina on guitar and vocals, they performed their first live concert in 1987 at University of Seville. After became finalists at a local rock contest and joined sax player José Luis Nieto, they recorded their debut album in 1989 released by Discos Trilita. After signing up to Discos Suicidas label and participating in Seville Expo'92, they started touring Central America. Selu left the band and Finito de Badajoz became the new guitarist. In 1997, the band signed up to BMG and shortly thereafter their live album Algazara achieved their first gold record in 1998. Manuel J. Pizarro Fernández: drums. Fernando Madina Pepper: bass and vocals. Juan M. Rodríguez Barea: guitar and vocals. Finito de Badajoz: guitar and vocals. Reincidentes. Discos Trilita, 1989, reedited by Discos Suicidas. Ni un paso atrás. Discos Suicidas, 1991. ¿Dónde está Judas?
Discos Suicidas, 1992. Sol y Rabia. Discos Suicidas, 1993. Nunca es tarde... si la dicha es buena. Discos Suicidas, 1994. Materia Reservada. Discos Suicidas, 1997. ¡Te lo dije!. BMG Ariola/RCA, 1997. Los Auténticos. Discos Suicidas, 1998. Algazara, BMG Ariola/RCA, 1998. ¿Y ahora qué? BMG Ariola/RCA, 2000. La otra orilla. La otra orilla, 2001. Cosas de este mundo. Locomotive Music, 2002. Acústico. Locomotive Music, 2004. El comercio del dolor. Locomotive Music, 2005. Dementes. Locomotive Music, 2006. América: Canciones de ida y vuelta, Realidad Musical, 2008. Tiempos de ira, Maldito Records, 2011. Aniversario, 2013. Awkan Haciendo hablar Al Silencio, 2015. Official web page Reincidentes on allmusic.com
The Ramones were an American punk rock band that formed in the New York City neighborhood of Forest Hills, Queens, in 1974. They are sometimes cited as the first true punk rock group. Despite achieving only limited commercial success the band was influential in the United States and the United Kingdom. All of the band members adopted pseudonyms ending with the surname "Ramone", although none of them were biologically related, they performed 2,263 concerts, touring nonstop for 22 years. In 1996, after a tour with the Lollapalooza music festival, the band played a farewell concert and disbanded. By 2014, all four of the band's original members had died – lead singer Joey Ramone, bass guitarist Dee Dee Ramone, guitarist Johnny Ramone and drummer Tommy Ramone. Recognition of the band's importance built over the years, are now mentioned in many assessments of all-time great rock music, such as number 26 in the Rolling Stone magazine list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" and number 17 in VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock".
In 2002, the Ramones were ranked the second-greatest band of all time by Spin magazine, trailing only by the Beatles. On March 18, 2002, the original four members and Tommy's replacement on drums, Marky Ramone, were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on their first year of eligibility, though Joey had died by then. In 2011, the group was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award; the original members of the band met in and around the middle-class neighborhood of Forest Hills in the New York City borough of Queens. John Cummings and Thomas Erdelyi had both been in a high-school garage band from 1965 to 1967 known as the Tangerine Puppets, they became friends with Douglas Colvin, who had moved to the area from Germany, Jeffrey Hyman, the initial lead singer of the glam rock band Sniper, founded in 1972. The Ramones began taking shape in early 1974 when Cummings and Colvin invited Hyman to join them in a band. Colvin wanted to play guitar and sing, Cummings would play guitar and Hyman would play drums.
The lineup was to be completed with their friend Richie Stern on bass. However, after only a few rehearsals it became clear that Richie Stern could not play bass, so in addition to singing, Colvin switched from guitar to bass and Cummings became the only guitarist. Colvin was the first to adopt the name "Ramone", he was inspired by Paul McCartney's use of the pseudonym Paul Ramon during his Silver Beetles days. Dee Dee convinced the other members to take on the name and came up with the idea of calling the band the Ramones. Hyman and Cummings became Johnny Ramone, respectively. A friend of the band, Monte A. Melnick, helped to arrange rehearsal time for them at Manhattan's Performance Studios, where he worked. Johnny's former bandmate Erdelyi was set to become their manager. Soon after the band was formed, Dee Dee realized that he could not sing and play his bass guitar simultaneously. Dee Dee would continue, however, to count off each song's tempo with his signature rapid-fire shout of "1-2-3-4!"
Joey soon realized that he could not sing and play drums and left the position of drummer. While auditioning prospective replacements, Erdelyi would take to the drums and demonstrate how to play the songs, it became apparent that he was able to perform the group's music better than anyone else, he joined the band as Tommy Ramone. The Ramones played before an audience for the first time on March 1974, at Performance Studios; the songs they played were fast and short. Around this time, a new music scene was emerging in New York centered on two clubs in downtown Manhattan—Max's Kansas City and, more famously, CBGB; the Ramones made their CBGB debut on August 16, 1974. Legs McNeil, who cofounded Punk magazine the following year described the impact of that performance: "They were all wearing these black leather jackets, and they counted off this song... and it was just this wall of noise... They looked so striking; these guys were not hippies. This was something new."The band swiftly became regulars at the club, playing there seventy-four times by the end of the year.
After garnering considerable attention for their performances—which averaged about seventeen minutes from beginning to end—the group was signed to a recording contract in late 1975 by Seymour Stein of Sire Records. After they were seen by Sire A&R man Craig Leon he brought the band to the attention of the label. Stein's wife, Linda Stein, saw the band play at Mothers. By this time, the Ramones were recognized as leaders of the new scene, being referred to as "punk"; the group's unusual frontman had a lot to do with their impact. As Dee Dee explained, "All the other singers were copying David Johansen, copying Mick Jagger... But Joey was unique unique." The Ramones recorded their debut album, Ramones, in February 1976. Of the fourteen songs on the album, the longest, "I Don't Wanna Go Down to the Basement" surpassed two and a half minutes. While the songwriting credits were shared by the entire band, Dee Dee was the primary writer; the Ramones album was produced by Sire's Craig Leon, with Tommy as associate producer, on an low budget of about $6,400 and released in April.
The now iconic front cover photograph of the band was taken by Roberta Bayley, a photographer for Punk magazine. Punk, responsible for codifying the term for the scene emerging around CBGB, ran
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular