Nyack, New York
Nyack is a village located in the town of Orangetown in Rockland County, New York, United States. Incorporated in 1872, it retains a small western section in Clarkstown, it is an inner suburb of New York City lying 19 miles north of the Manhattan boundary near the west bank of the Hudson River, situated north of South Nyack, east of Central Nyack, south of Upper Nyack, southeast of Valley Cottage. Nyack had a population of 6,765 as of the 2010 census. Most of Rockland County's local music scene is based in Nyack. Nyack is one of five southeastern Rockland County villages and hamlets that constitute "The Nyacks" – Nyack, Central Nyack, South Nyack, Upper Nyack and West Nyack. Named after the Native Americans who resided there before European colonization, the village consists of low-rise buildings lying on the hilly terrain that meets the western shore of the Hudson River. Adjacent South Nyack is the western terminus of the Tappan Zee Bridge, connected across the Hudson River to Tarrytown in Westchester County by U.
S. Interstate 87, an important commuter artery; the village is 1.6 square miles in area, over 50% of which falls within the Hudson River. It is in the Nyack School District. Native American stone relics and oyster middens found along the shore of the Hudson indicate today's Nyack was a favorite pre-Colonial fishing spot; the first Europeans settled in there in 1675, calling the general area "Tappan". Harman Douwenszen is thought to be the first white settler, he grew up in Bergen, New Jersey. In the State Archives in Albany there is a 1687 letter on file petitioning Governor Dongan to buy a strip of land in the west hills of Tappan, in which he had lived on for 12 years, his partition was granted and he bought the land from the Native Americans. He called his farm New Orania; this section of Nyack became known as Orangetown in 1683. The Tappan Register of 1707 claimed. Nyack became part of Rockland County in 1798. Harman's younger brother Theius changed the family name from Douwse to Talma, his children became Talman and Tallmans.
The New Orania farm became the Tallman homestead, at the northeast corner of what is now Broadway and Tallman Place. The building was demolished in 1914. Letter dated 8/31/1687 on file at New York State Archives at Albany: The humble Peticon of Harman Dowse of Tappan Neare Ye River Side, Alias New Orania farm... your peticonr is a farmer that hath nothing wot comes by his hard labour but by God's Blessing out ye Produce and ye ground, hath a family to provide for. On the north wall of the Key Bank building at South Broadway and Burd Street in Nyack is a plaque installed in 1938 that reads: The Tappan Indians, from time immemorial, occupied these lands fronting the river shore. Here, in summer they lived upon fish and oysters. In Algonkian dialect spoken by them they called this location NAY-ACK; the first settlement of white people within the limits of the present Rockland County, New York, took place in 1675 when Harmen Dowesen, a young Dutchman of Bergen, New Jersey relocated here. The Tallmans erected a mill upon a stream.
Abraham Lydecker purchased land from the Tallmans when there were but seven homes in Nyack in 1813. Nyack became an incorporated village in 1872 according to the same plaque on the Midland Trust Building. Three major industries once thrived in Nyack: sandstone quarrying for New York City buildings. Following the extension of the Northern Railroad of New Jersey into the community in the mid-19th century, rapid growth ensued; because town government was no longer seen as an effective way to deal with the community's needs, village incorporation was discussed. Fearing higher taxes, those in what would have become the northern part of Nyack village formed their own municipal corporation first, named Upper Nyack. Nyack village was incorporated. Residents in the southern part of Nyack village, soon became dissatisfied with the notion of paying taxes that more benefited the rest of the village. After succeeding in dissolving Nyack's corporation, the southern portion of the former village incorporated as the village of South Nyack.
The area between Upper Nyack and South Nyack was reincorporated again as Nyack. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, Nyack was known for its shipbuilding and was the commercial center of Rockland County. In the 19th century, a number of factories manufactured shoes; the Erie Railroad connected with Jersey City, New Jersey, where ferries took passengers to Chambers Street, New York City, until it was discontinued in 1966. With the completion of the Tappan Zee Bridge in December 1955, connecting South Nyack with Tarrytown in Westchester County, the population increased and Nyack's commercial sector expanded. In the 1980s, the village underwent a major urban revitalization project to commercialize the downtown area and to expand its economy; the Helen Hayes Theatre was built, the downtown area became home to many new business establishments. In 1991 the landmark court case Stambovsky v. Ackley ruled that a house at 1 LaVeta Place on the Hudson River was haunted and that the owner was required to disclose that to prospective buyers.
The owner, Helen Ackley, earlier had organized haunted house tours and was party to an article about it in Reader's Digest. After Ackley sold the house to another buyer there were no subsequent repo
New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Education in the United States
Education in the United States is provided in public and home schools. State governments set overall educational standards mandate standardized tests for K–12 public school systems and supervise through a board of regents, state colleges, universities. Funding comes from the state and federal government. Private schools are free to determine their own curriculum and staffing policies, with voluntary accreditation available through independent regional accreditation authorities, although some state regulation can apply. In 2013, about 87% of school-age children attended state funded public schools, about 10% attended tuition- and foundation-funded private schools, 3% were home-schooled. By state law, education is compulsory over an age range starting between five and eight and ending somewhere between ages sixteen and eighteen, depending on the state; this requirement can be satisfied in public schools, state-certified private schools, or an approved home school program. In most schools, compulsory education is divided into three levels: elementary school, middle or junior high school, high school.
Children are divided by age groups into grades, ranging from kindergarten and first grade for the youngest children, up to twelfth grade as the final year of high school. There are a large number and wide variety of publicly and administered institutions of higher education throughout the country. Post-secondary education, divided into college, as the first tertiary degree, graduate school, is described in a separate section below. Higher education includes elite private colleges like Harvard University, Stanford University, MIT, Caltech, large state flagship universities, private liberal arts schools, historically-black colleges and universities, community colleges, for-profit colleges like University of Phoenix. College enrollment rates in the United States have increased over the long term. At the same time, student loan debt has risen to $1.5 trillion. The United States spends more per student on education than any other country. In 2014, the Pearson/Economist Intelligence Unit rated US education as 14th best in the world.
In 2015, the Programme for International Student Assessment rated U. S. high school students No. 40 globally in No. 24 in Science and Reading. The President of the National Center on Education and the Economy said of the results "the United States cannot long operate a world-class economy if our workers are, as the OECD statistics show, among the worst-educated in the world". Former U. S. Education Secretary John B. King, Jr. acknowledged the results in conceding U. S. students were well behind their peers. According to a report published by the U. S. News & World Report, of the top ten colleges and universities in the world, eight are American; the US ranks 3rd from the bottom among OECD nations in terms of its' poverty gap, 4th from the bottom in terms of poverty rate. Jonathan Kozol has described these inequalities in K–12 education in Savage Inequalities and The Shame of a Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America. Colonial New England encouraged its towns to support free public schools funded by taxation.
In the early 19th century Massachusetts took the lead in education reform and public education with programs designed by Horace Mann that were emulated across the North. Teachers were specially trained in normal schools and taught the three Rs and history and geography. Public education was at the elementary level in most places. After the Civil War, the cities began building high schools; the South was far behind northern standards on every educational measure and gave weak support to its segregated all-black schools. However northern philanthropy and northern churches provided assistance to private black colleges across the South. Religious denominations across the country set up their private colleges. States opened state universities, but they were quite small until well into the 20th century. In 1823, the Reverend Samuel Read Hall founded the first normal school, the Columbian School in Concord, aimed at improving the quality of the burgeoning common school system by producing more qualified teachers.
In the mid-20th century, the increasing Catholic population led to the formation of parochial schools in the largest cities. Theologically oriented Episcopalian and Jewish bodies on a smaller scale set up their own parochial schools. There were debates over whether tax money could be used to support them, with the answer being no. From about 1876, thirty-nine states passed a constitutional amendment to their state constitutions, called Blaine Amendments after James G. Blaine, one of their chief promoters, forbidding the use of public tax money to fund local parochial schools. States passed laws to make schooling compulsory between 1852 and 1917, they used federal funding designated by the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Acts of 1862 and 1890 to set up land grant colleges specializing in agriculture and engineering. By 1870, every state had free elementary schools, albeit only in urban centers. According to a 2018 study in the Economic Journal, states were more to adopt compulsory education laws during the Age of Mass Migration if they hosted more European immigrants with lower exposure to civic values.
Following Reconstruction the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute was founded in 1881 as a state college, in Tuskegee, Alabama, to train "Colored Teachers," led by Booker T. Washington, himself a freed slave, his movement spread, leading
A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle and high school system. Secondary schools follow on from primary schools and lead into vocational and tertiary education. Attendance is compulsory in most countries for students between the ages of 11 and 16; the organisations and terminology are more or less unique in each country. Within the English speaking world, there are three used systems to describe the age of the child; the first is the'equivalent ages' countries that base their education systems on the'English model' use one of two methods to identify the year group, while countries that base their systems on the'American K-12 model' refer to their year groups as'grades'. This terminology extends into research literature. Below is a convenient comparison.
The building needs to accommodate: Curriculum content Teaching methods Costs Education within the political framework Use of school building Constraints imposed by the site Design philosophyEach country will have a different education system and priorities. Schools need to accommodate students, storage and electrical systems, support staff, ancillary staff and administration; the number of rooms required can be determined from the predicted roll of the school and the area needed. According to standards used in the United Kingdom, a general classroom for 30 students needs to be 55 m², or more generously 62 m². A general art room for 30 students needs to be 83 m ². A drama studio or a specialist science laboratory for 30 needs to be 90 m². Examples are given on, and 1,850 place secondary school. The building providing the education has to fulfil the needs of: The students, the teachers, the non-teaching support staff, the administrators and the community, it has to meet general government building guidelines, health requirements, minimal functional requirements for classrooms and showers, electricity and services and storage of textbooks and basic teaching aids.
An optimum secondary school will meet the minimum conditions and will have: adequately sized classrooms. Government accountants having read the advice publish minimum guidelines on schools; these enable environmental establishing building costs. Future design plans are audited to ensure. Government ministries continue to press for cost standards to be reduced; the UK government published this downwardly revised space formula in 2014. It said the floor area should be 1050m² + 6.3m²/pupil place for 11- to 16-year-olds + 7m²/pupil place for post-16s. The external finishes were to be downgraded to meet a build cost of £1113/m². A secondary school locally may be called high senior high school. In some countries there are two phases to secondary education and, here the junior high school, intermediate school, lower secondary school, or middle school occurs between the primary school and high school. Names for secondary schools by countryArgentina: secundaria or polimodal, escuela secundaria Australia: high school, secondary college Austria: Gymnasium, Hauptschule, Höhere Bundeslehranstalt, Höhere Technische Lehranstalt Azerbaijan: orta məktəb Bahamas, The: junior high, senior high Belgium: lagere school/école primaire, secundair onderwijs/école secondaire, humaniora/humanités Bolivia: educación primaria superior and educación secundaria and Herzegovina: srednja škola, gimnazija Brazil: ensino médio, segundo grau Brunei: sekolah menengah, a few maktab Bulgaria: cредно образование Canada: High school, junior high or middle school, secondary school, école secondaire, collegiate institute, polyvalente Chile: enseñanza media China: zhong xue, consisting of chu zhong from grades 7 to 9 and gao zhong from grades 10 to 12 Colombia: bachillerato, segunda enseñanza Croatia: srednja škola, gimnazija Cyprus: Γυμνάσιο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο Czech Republic: střední škola, gymnázium, střední odborné učiliště Denmark: gymnasium Dominican Republic: nivel medio, bachillerato Egypt: Thanawya Amma, Estonia: upper secondary school, Lyceum Finland: lukio gymnasium France: collège, lycée Germany: Gymnasium, Realschule, Fachoberschule Greece: Γυμνάσιο, Γενικό Λύκειο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο, Hong Kong: Secondary school Hungary: gimnázium, k
Mamaroneck High School
Mamaroneck High School is a public school located in Mamaroneck, New York. The school is part of the Mamaroneck Union Free School District. Students residing in neighboring Larchmont attend this school; the present campus is located half a mile southwest of Mamaroneck's Harbor Island Park and spans the distance between Boston Post Road and Palmer Avenue. It comprises two primary buildings, one facing the Boston Post Road, the other facing Palmer Avenue, with an enclosed footbridge connecting them. Prior to the construction of the Hommocks Middle School, the Boston Post Road building, built in 1926, was used as the district's junior high school, until it was annexed by the high school. There has been added a new science wing to the Boston Post Road building. A wooden gazebo stands near the Palmer end of the footbridge, it was designed by an architectural-drawing-student, Brian Blum, built by volunteer members of that year's class with support from architectural-drawing teacher Nick Cucchiarella.
The high school is one of the few in the area that has a open campus. Students are not obligated to stay on campus during free periods; this has given rise to some safety concerns by parents, but by and large the community is supportive of the policy. The open campus policy has been threatened to be suspended several times in wake of a string of bomb threats and false fire alarms in the late 1990s, although the campus remained open; the open campus policy was suspended in 2008 due to another string of bomb threats. Being two separate, independent school buildings, MHS has a wealth of facilities, including three computer labs, two gymnasiums, a football field, a baseball field, two parking areas, a TV studio, a large auditorium and a smaller theater, it offers a variety of educational and extracurricular activities, including architectural and engineering drawing, golf and fencing. MHS has extensive programs to support students with disabilities. A new library and cafeteria were added to the school in 2006.
This section of the complex connects the Post Road buildings. The 28,000 square-foot three-story addition cost $15.8 million to construct. It was designed by Brian Snyder, AIA, of The Geddis Partnership, Southport, CT. Mamaroneck High school is unranked in U. S. News & World Report List of Best High School of 2012. However, its score of 55.2 in terms of college readiness places it with the same rating as a rank of #262. In the U. S. News & World Report List of Best High Schools in 2017, it is Ranked #242 in National High Schools Mamaroneck High School offers a variety of Advanced Placement classes to upperclassmen. Students are allowed to take AP US History, AP English Language and AP Physics 1 as early as their junior year. Seniors can select from AP European History, AP Macroeconomics, AP Government, AP English Literature, AP Physics C, AP Biology, AP Environmental Science, AP Computer Science A, AP Calculus AB, AP Calculus BC, AP French, AP Spanish Language. Students have the option to submit an AP Studio Art portfolio in either Drawing and Painting, Photography, or Clay.
In 2010, 2.415 AP tests were taken per graduating senior, this garnered a ranking of 452 on Newsweek's annual list of Americas Best High Schools. In addition, the High School offers a large number of dual-enrollment courses; these include Introduction to Sociology administered by Syracuse University, College Composition by Iona College, as well as Intermediate Spanish/French, Introduction Creative Writing, a three-year program in Original Science Research with SUNY Albany. English, science, social studies, physical education are required in each grade level. Three electives, such as digital photography, art, performing arts, or video, are required for graduation. French and Chinese are offered in each grade level; the MHS baseball team won the New York class AA state championship in 2015 adding to the two other titles won back to back in 2008 and 2009. The MHS Field Hockey Team were the Class A 2004 State Champions and again in 2014 and 2015, they were runners-up in the New York State championships in 2005, 2009, 2010, 2011.
The high school's ice hockey team and baseball team and field hockey team have won state championships in the state of New York, with the ice hockey team making it to states a second consecutive year in 2017. The 2016 ice hockey team won Westchester County's first NYSPHSAA Div. 1 State Championship. Anima Banks, a former member of the track team, has won the 800 M race state championship 3 times. Youssif Hemida, a former member of the wrestling team, won the New York State Wrestling Championship in the 220 pound division; the school has teams for golf, fencing, hockey, soccer, skiing, basketball and track & field. Fred Berger - movie producer Gerald B. Appel - celebrity nephrologist Elizabeth Berridge - actress Kevin Dillon - actor Matt Dillon - actor Dan Futterman - actor Al Giordano - journalist Tor Hyams - musician Bennett Miller - director Jill Novick - actress Michael O'Keefe - actor Norman Rockwell - artist Susan Dentzer - journalist David O. Russell - director Elizabeth Kolbert - journalist Scott Leius - professional Major League Baseball player for Twins and Royals.
Jeff Weiner - CEO of LinkedIn Emily Wickersham - Actress Rob Gardner - The original drummer and one of the founding members of the rock band, "Guns N' Roses" a founding member of "LA Guns"
Yonkers High School
Yonkers High School is located in Yonkers, New York, US, offers the International Baccalaureate program of studies. Yonkers High School was ranked the 24th best American high school and the 4th best New York State high school in 2012 by U. S. News & World Report. Yonkers High School offers Advanced Placement courses and participates in the International Baccalaureate program. In line with the IB program, Yonkers High School aims to create a “community of caring learners” by encouraging community service activity among its students. Students at Yonkers High School can graduate with a standard diploma, Regents Diploma or Regents Diploma with Advanced Designation. Extracurricular opportunities for students include clubs such as Habitat for Humanity and the Bio-Diversity Club. Notable alumni include the actor and comic Sid Caesar and John Howard Northrop, recipient of the 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Yonkers High School homepage
Harrison High School (New York)
Harrison High School is a public high school located in Harrison, Westchester County, New York, United States. The school is 22 miles northeast of New York City, it is the only high school operated by the Harrison Central School District. In 2014, Harrison ranked 18 in the state and 223 in the nation in rigor according to the Washington Post High School Challenge Index; the demographic breakdown of the 1,083 students enrolled in 2015-16 was: Male - 49.2% Female - 50.8% Native American/Alaskan - 0% Asian/Pacific islanders - 57.2% Black - 2.6% Hispanic - 18.5% White - 70.6% Multiracial - 1.1% 12.0% of the students were eligible for free or reduced lunch. Harrison High teams are named "Huskies." Their colors are white. One of the oldest traditions is the Harrison Rye Game, a football game between the Harrison Huskies, the Garnets, the football team from Rye High School, in the neighboring town of Rye, NY. In 2006, students exceeded the state average in 6 of 7 New York State Regents Examinations subject areas.
In 2006-2007, students took AP examinations in 24 of the possible 37 Advanced Placement course areas. The current building of the Harrison High School was built in 1973 and 1974, opened for September 1974; the building was built as a solution to the lack in size of the Harrison Junior Senior High School, serving grades 6 to 12, established in 1957 in the building built to be the Harrison High School in 1939. The building is used as the middle school. Harrison High School demonstrates a circular design, like a rotunda, with a hallway spanning one quarter of a circle, a hallway, a full circle radially centered inside the first hallway, connected by two other hallways, the Main Hallway, the Senior Hallway; the building is two stories tall and has two gyms, a cafeteria, a theater, 213 classrooms. The building is home to the Harrison Performing Arts Center, renovated in 2007, by a $1,250,000 grant received from the New York State Education Department in collaboration with the Harrison Educational Foundation.
The Harrison Performing Arts Center features 825 seats, two balconies, a separate Light Booth,an extra high stage bow as well as state-of-the-art lighting systems by Electronic Theatre Controls and audio systems by Allen and Heath. The nicest high school performing arts facility in New York State, the HPAC, is managed by students; the Harrison Technical Crew has been recognized by the Helen Hays Youth Theatre Foundation for Outstanding Achievement in Musicals and Drama. The HPAC and Sirius Black Box Theatre are under the supervision of the Director of Fine and Performing Arts, Ms. Mary Ellis; the building was home to a then-state-of-the-art planetarium complete with 25 ft. diameter dome, a projector that could recede into an underground tunnel when not used, as well as built in theater-style seating and offset lighting. Due to the building lacking space, when a dance studio was needed for the school to be able to apply for the International Baccalaureate program, the planetarium was the space, decided to be renovated.
It is now a dance studio/planetarium, with a movable star projector, mirrors mounted on the walls, a wooden floor and folding seating. In addition to being a dance studio, it is a black-box theater, named the Sirius Black Box Theater, the word'Sirius' pertaining to the star, because it is a planetarium. Peter Chernin Roger Kumble John McGillicuddy Harrison High Official Website Harrison Central School District Main Page