Somerton is a town and civil parish in the English county of Somerset. It gave its name to the county and was around the start of the 14th century, the county town, around 900 AD was the capital of Wessex, it has held a weekly market since the Middle Ages, the main square with its market cross is today an attractive location for visitors. Situated on the River Cary 8.8 miles north-west of Yeovil, Somerton has its own town council serving a population of 4,697 as of 2011. Residents are referred to locally as Somertonians; the civil parish includes the hamlets of Etsome, Hurcot and Catcombe. The history of Somerton dates back to the Anglo-Saxon era, when it was an important political and commercial centre. After the Norman conquest of England the importance of the town declined, despite being the county town of Somerset in the late thirteenth century and early fourteenth century. Having lost county town status, Somerton became a market town in the Middle Ages, whose economy was supported by transport systems using the River Parrett, rail transport via the Great Western Railway, by light industries including glove making and gypsum mining.
In the centre of Somerton the wide market square, with its octagonal roofed market cross, is surrounded by old houses, while close by is the 13th century Church of St Michael and All Angels. Somerton had links with Muchelney Abbey in the Middle Ages; the BBC drama The Monocled Mutineer was filmed in Somerton from 1985 to 1986. The earliest reference to the town is in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which records that in 733 the King of Wessex, Æthelheard lost control of Somerton to Æthelbald, King of Mercia. Somerton was the site of the 949 meeting of a form of Anglo-Saxon parliament; the town returned to West Saxon royal control in the ninth century, it was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Sumertone". The name may come from Old English for "sea-lake enclosure", "summer town" or "summer farmstead"; the Somerton name was extended to the people in the area it controlled, this area became known as Somerset, although Somerton soon ceased to be the most important settlement and never grew into a large town.
The parish was the largest in the Hundred of Somerton. It was the county town of Somerset from the late thirteenth century into the early fourteenth century. A building referred to as "Somerset castle" is believed to have been built around 1280 as a county gaol, with a visitor in 1579 describing the remaining portion as "an old tower embattled about castle-like", it was owned by Sir Ralph Cromwell between 1423 and 1433. Details are vague and visible remains have vanished, so its status as a castle and its existence is in doubt, with one writer, D. J. C. King, feeling that people were confusing it with Somerton Castle in Lincolnshire; the Abbots of Muchelney Abbey held the Rectorship of the parish church of Somerton during the Middle Ages. They built a tithe barn, to house the tithes of crops and produce paid by the parish to the town's Rector; the Abbey was dissolved in 1539 during the English Reformation, the tithes and the tithe barn passed into the ownership of Bristol Cathedral. In the 20th century the barn was converted into private housing.
Glove making was a major industry in the town in the early nineteenth century, along with the production of rope and twine. The Somerton Brewery, owned by a local landowner named Thomas Templeman, was first recorded under the Tithe Apportionment Act of 1841; the brewery became a large producer in Somerset until its final closure around 1935. Before the National Insurance and the Health Service was introduced, Somerton Men's Club acted as a local provident society within the area. Gypsum was extracted by hand at the Hurcott open-cast mine from the Victorian era up until it closed down in 1953. In 1906, a railway station opened on the Castle Cary Cut-Off, built by the Great Western Railway. Whilst the line still remains in use, the station was closed in 1962; when the Marconi Company built the radio stations known as the Imperial Wireless Chain for the Post Office during 1925–26, they established their own transmitting station at Dorchester with a receiving station 30 miles away at Somerton. Somerton was hit by four Luftwaffe bombs on the morning of 29 September 1942 during the Second World War.
The bombs were aimed at the Cow and Gate milk factory and it was destroyed. Ten nearby houses were badly damaged. Nine people were killed and thirty seven injured. A memorial at the dairy site commemorates; the factory became a district council depot, was bought by the town council for possible use as the site of a new town hall. The town council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept to cover the council's operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny; the town council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime and traffic. The town council's role includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance and improvement of highways, footpaths, public transport, street cleaning. Conservation matters and environmental issues are the responsibility of the council.
In October 2009, eleven of the local councillors resigned en masse, citing excessive criticism from local residents and in particular criticism from a hostile local weblog. In February 2012 the External Auditor appointed by the Audit Commission published a critical Report in the Public Interest regarding the activities of Somerton Town Counci
Somerton is a suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 21 km north of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Hume. Somerton is an industrial and business suburb, has a number of industrial parks including the Austrak Business Park, Somerton Logistics Centre and the Northgate Distribution Centre. Transport in Somerton include bus route 532 and SmartBus route 901. Roxburgh Park Station on the Craigieburn line, Upfield Station on the Upfield line are the nearest railway stations to Somerton. Somerton railway station opened in 1881 and closed to passengers in 1960. Somerton Post Office first opened on 1 January 1854 and closed in 1864, it reopened in 1892 some time after the railway line opened and again closed in 1966. In 1994 the Somerton Business and Delivery Centre opened. City of Whittlesea - the local government area of which Somerton was a part Shire of Bulla - the former local government area of which Somerton was a part
Somerton, New South Wales
Somerton is a village between Tamworth and Gunnedah on the Oxley Highway in northern New South Wales Australia. In the 2016 census, there were 277 people in Somerton. Somerton Village adjoins the plentiful Peel River; the area surrounding Somerton is an agricultural region specialising in broad-acre cropping and large scale grazing. Lucerne is grown along the fertile Peel River flats. Services available in Somerton include a primary school, roadhouse and memorial hall. Somerton is located within close proximity to a number of key employment hubs in the New England region, including the regional cities of Tamworth and Gunnedah. Known as Goora, the town of Somerton has a rich history, founded on the wealth of the Liverpool Plains. Somerton stands alone in the area as being a old settlement, chosen by the first Commissioner of Crown Lands for the Liverpool Plains - Edward Mayne - as the headquarters for the vast Liverpool Plains Pastoral District in 1840. Somerton was established as the barracks for Commissioner Mayne and his contingent of Border Police troopers assigned to him to maintain order and consolidate British colonisation over the vast north western district.
On 6 May 1856 notice was given that approved plans for the town of Somerton had been lodged in Tamworth, the village of Somerton was divided into streets and town allotments in 1858. In the early 1900s, Somerton had two general stores, one operating as a general store and post office, the other - on Bloomfield Street - operating as David Heugh General Stores. David Heugh, born 21 May 1890, was an ambitious and optimistic young man, with consistent marketing of his wares published in local newspapers. On 31 December 1912, Heugh suffered a serious set-back in business, when his general store burnt out -, found through a Coronial Inquiry to have occurred through no fault of his own. On 22 February 1913, Heugh used newspaper advertising to optimistically notify his patrons that a new store was under construction, he would temporarily trade from his previous premises while the new store was built. After establishing the Somerton Sports Club in 1913, registering a company David Heugh Pty Ltd in 1914, Heugh left the new general store in the responsibility of his brother, Blandford Heugh, enlisted in the Army on 13 September 1914.
David Heugh was the first person from the New England region to lose his life in Gallipoli, passing on 29 April 1915. The AIF Project provides detailed insights into the following men of Somerton that served at war: Somerton is close to a range of popular recreation facilities, including Keepit Dam and Somerton National Park. Keepit Dam is a popular inland sport and recreation destination, offering year-round attractions for water sports and fishing enthusiasts, nature lovers, bushwalkers and picnickers; the lake foreshores are home to a NSW Sport and Recreation Centre. The main purpose of the dam is to supply irrigation and household needs in the Namoi Valley, although it is an popular weekend destination for Tamworth and Gunnedah residents. Somerton village is unique in the area as it sits squarely on the high-yielding Gunnedah and Narrabri aquifer formations; the Gunnedah aquifer formation sits above the bedrock and contains coarse sands and gravel with high hydraulic conductivity - acting as the main conduit for groundwater west under the Liverpool Plains.
The Narrabri aquifer formation caps the Gunnedah aquifer, hydraulic conductivity is lower than that of the Gunnedah formation. Groundwater use in the Gunnedah Basin area totals some 1,260 gigalitres drawn from the high-yielding alluvial aquifers that exist from the Liverpool Plains to west of Narrabri; the bulk of this water is used for irrigation, with only small percentages used for town water supply and mining and an smaller volume used for stock and domestic purposes. Somerton is surrounded by good cropping and pastoral land, as a convict settlement in the 1800s, was home to a large orchard on the river flats with the final tree from the original orchard falling in the 1910 flood. In about 1910 the district around Somerton had 7,854 hectares of wheat which produced 273,906 bushel of wheat, with reports suggesting incredible growth and diversification was happening at the time. Somerton's location at the gateway to the highly productive Liverpool Plains places it among some of Australia's finest broadacre rural lands.
Somerton General Cemetery
Somerton is a city in Yuma County, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 14,287, it is part of the Yuma Metropolitan Statistical Area. Somerton was established in 1898 and incorporated in 1918. Somerton's economy is based on agriculture, medical services, tourism. Somerton is located at 32°35′50″N 114°42′44″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,266 people, 1,818 households, 1,652 families residing in the city; the population density was 5,483.2 people per square mile. There were 1,967 housing units at an average density of 1,484.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 44.52% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 51.11% from other races, 2.99% from two or more races. 95.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,818 households out of which 59.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.9% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.1% were non-families.
7.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.99 and the average family size was 4.21. In the city, the population was spread out with 38.9% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,544, the median income for a family was $27,944. Males had a median income of $21,619 versus $16,677 for females; the per capita income for the city was $7,960. About 24.0% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under age 18 and 27.9% of those age 65 or over. Somerton is served by the Somerton Elementary School District, the Crane Elementary School District, the Yuma Union High School District. PPEP TEC High Schools's José Yepez Learning Center is located in Somerton.
Somerton has an annual Tamale Festival that benefits students from the area who will be attending Arizona State University. More than 20,000 visitors attend the festival each year; the festival is put together by The El Diablito Arizona State University Alumni chapter. The chapter was established by ASU graduates who have returned to work and live in the Yuma/Somerton/San Luis areas. Somerton photo gallery at Flickr Somerton Named NerdWallet's 5th City on the Rise in Arizona
Somerton is a village and civil parish in Oxfordshire, England, in the Cherwell valley about 6 miles northwest of Bicester. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 305. 14 Saxon or early medieval graves have been discovered at Somerton's former Free School. The Domesday Book of 1086 records that William the Conqueror's step-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, held most of the manor of Somerton. In 1230 the manor of Somerton was divided between two heiresses. In 1245 Walter de Grey, Archbishop of York, granted one of the halves to his nephew called Walter de Grey; the de Grey manor house seems to have been on low-lying land near the Cherwell. By 1295 it had a court and fishponds. By 1300 Somerton had a watermill. Remains of the fishponds survive today; the manor was passed down through the de Grey family, to their descendants the Deincourts and the Lovells of Minster Lovell. In 1485 Francis Lovell was created 1st Viscount Lovell. Francis is believed to have been killed in 1487 in the Battle of Stoke Field at the end of the Wars of the Roses.
Thereafter the Crown held the manor for the next 25 years. In 1512 the Crown granted the manor to William Fermor of Witney. William built a new manor house, above the village in contrast with the de Grey manor house, close to the Cherwell, it remained the Fermor home until about 1625 when Richard Fermor made Tusmore the family's principal home. In the 18th century most of Somerton manor house was demolished, but part of the hall wall still remains. In the 16th century the south aisle of St. James' church was converted into the Fermor family chapel. However, after the English Reformation the Fermors were Recusants and had a private Roman Catholic chapel at the manor house; when Thomas Fermor died in 1580, his will provided for the founding of a "free school" for Somerton boys to be instructed in "virtue and learning". Somerton's present school building dates from the 18th and 19th centuries, but includes a late 16th-century window which may be from the original building. During the English Civil War of 1642–51, Henry Fermor stayed neutral but his kinsman by marriage Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour, another Recusant, was a Royalist who fought for King Charles I.
As a result, in 1646 the Commonwealth sequestered Arundell's estates, including Somerton. However a relative bought Somerton from the sequestrators and in the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy in 1660 the manor was restored to the Fermors. In 1815 William Fermor sold the manor to George Villiers, 6th Earl of Jersey; as the Free School accepted only boys, Lady Jersey, opened a girls' school in Somerton. Lady Jersey was the daughter of Sir Robert Peel. A century George's son Victor Villiers, 7th Earl of Jersey died and the Somerton estate was sold; the Church of England parish church of Saint James the Apostle is known to have existed by 1074. A Norman carved doorway in the nave dates from this period. Much of the building, including the bell tower, is Decorated Gothic from the first half of the 14th century. St. James' has features from the 13th, 15th and 16th centuries. St. James' is a Grade I listed building; the tower has a ring of eight bells. Henry I Bagley of Chacombe, Northamptonshire cast the tenor and seventh bells in 1635.
One of these bells was paid for by Isabel Aston. Henry I Bagley cast the fourth bell in 1646 and the fifth bell in 1670, his descendant Henry III Bagley cast the sixth bell in 1707, completing the set of five bells noted in The Gentleman's Magazine in 1827. John Taylor & Co of Loughborough cast the third bell in 1896. In 1974 the Whitechapel Bell Foundry added the present treble and second bells, increasing the ring to eight. At the same time all eight bells were rehung. St. James' parish is now part of the Cherwell Valley Benefice along with five other parishes: Ardley, Lower Heyford and Upper Heyford. After the Fermors moved to Tusmore, the Roman Catholic Mass continued to be celebrated at the Somerton manor house chapel. In 1738 St. James' Church of England rector reported that 47 Roman Catholics attended Mass at the manor house chapel once a month. Somerton's Roman Catholics were respectful to the Anglican rector, good farmers, so neighbourly to Anglican fellow-villagers that there were numerous intermarriages between the two denominations.
The rector concluded that the two denominations "are so blended and united together" that it would be inadvisable to enforce the laws against Roman Catholicism that made it an offence to celebrate the Mass or for anyone to harbour Roman Catholic clergy. Somerton was farmed in an open field system of four fields until William Fermor secured an enclosure act from Parliament in 1765. Thereafter Somerton's population grew; the stretch of the Oxford Canal between Banbury and Tackley was completed in 1787. It runs along the Cherwell valley, at Somerton it passes between the river and the village. Somerton Deep Lock was built 2⁄5 mile north of the village. Building of the Oxford and Rugby Railway between Oxford and Banbury began in 1845. By the time the line opened. In Somerton the railway threads along the valley between the Oxford Canal and the foot of the hill on which the village stands, a bridge carries it over the road to North Aston; the GWR opened a station just south of the bridge in 1855. The station attracted the opening of the Railway Inn.
British Railways closed the station in 1964. The Railway Inn has since followed suit; some of the land on which the railway was built belonged to the Free School, some
Somerton Historic District
Somerton Historic District is a national historic district located at Suffolk, Virginia. The district encompasses 15 contributing buildings and 2 contributing sites in the rural village of Somerton in Suffolk; the district includes an 18th-century ordinary, a 19th-century church, modest dwellings dating from the 18th, 19th, 20th centuries surrounded by large agricultural fields. The buildings are in a variety of popular architectural styles ranging from Federal to Folk Victorian. Notable buildings include the Somerton United Methodist Church and cemetery, Washington Smith Ordinary, Ellis General Store, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2008
Somerton is a civil parish in the Babergh district of Suffolk in eastern England. Somerton is split into two smaller villages: Upper Somerton with a population of 50 and Somerton with a population of about 20. Upper Somerton has St. Margaret's Church, a phone box and post box. Somerton has only a post box; the villages comprise rural farms with some council houses. Its nearest villages are Hartest and Hawkedon. There was once quite the rivalry between Hartest and Somerton, a giant stone found in Somerton was stolen by Hartest and rolled down the valley where it still sits on their village green; the nearest town is Sudbury. Media related to Somerton, Suffolk at Wikimedia Commons