William Sommer was an American Modernist painter. William Sommer was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1867, he was self-taught, but received instruction early on from artist and commercial lithographer Julius Melchers. He apprenticed with the Detroit Calvert Lithograph Company for seven years but in 1890 he traveled to Europe where he trained with Professors Johann Herterich, Ludwig Schmid, Adolph Menzel. In 1907 he accepted a position with the Otis Lithograph Company of Cleveland, Ohio and in 1911 he co-founded the Kokoon Arts Club to promote modern art in Cleveland. In 1914 he relocated to Ohio, he worked on several large-scale murals for the Federal Art Project, including Rural Homestead in the Geneva, Ohio post office. 1878-1883: Studies with Julius Melchers 1881-1888: Works as lithographic apprentice in Detroit for Calvert Lithograph Co. 1888-1907: Works as lithographic journeyman in Boston, Munich, NYC. Sommer continued to work as lithographer and concentrated on his own art. 1892: Sommer joins NYC's bohemian artists' group known as the Kit Kat Klub.
1907: Sommer moves his wife and children to Cleveland where he worked for Otis Lithograph Co.. Sommer remained there, working in Cleveland and painting in watercolors and oils at home and on outdoor junketts. 1912-: Sommer co-founds Cleveland's bohemian artists' group known as the Kokoon Arts Club. 1929: Sommer loses his job as a lithographer to the new offset printing process 1933: Sommer exhibits at the Whitney Biennial and the Museum of Modern Art, both in NYC. Sommer was an acknowledged leader of the "Cleveland School," a group of Cleveland-based artists who were active from the teens through the mid-1940s; these artists formed the core of an art community whose size and activity paralleled the growth and energy of Cleveland during that period. Sommer painted from the turn of the 20th century into the 1940s, absorbing the ideas of the Cubists and other adventurous artists of that time and integrating these concepts and techniques into his own work, his subjects were rooted in the American midwest, however.
He continued to paint until his death in 1949. Hart Crane dedicated his 1927 poem Sunday Morning Apples to Sommer. William Sommer Biography: Hollis Taggart Galleries
Alfred Sommer is a prominent American ophthalmologist and epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. His research on vitamin A in the 1970s and 1980s revealed that dosing mildly vitamin A deficient children with an inexpensive, large dose vitamin A capsule twice a year reduces child mortality by as much as 34 percent; the World Bank and the Copenhagen Consensus list vitamin A supplementation as one of the most cost-effective health interventions in the world. Sommer was born on October 1942 in New York City, he attended Union College in Schenectady, New York and graduated summa cum laude in 1963. At Union College, Sommer received a Bachelor of Science with a minor in history. Sommer attended Harvard Medical School and obtained his MD in 1967, he served as a medical intern and resident at Harvard University’s Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center from 1967 to 1969. In 1969, Sommer joined the Public Health Service as an Epidemic Intelligence Service officer at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, moved overseas with his family to work in the Cholera Research Laboratory in Dhaka, where he conducted the first formal epidemiologic investigation of a major disaster: the 1970 cyclone that washed away a quarter of a million people in a single night.
He assisted Bangladeshis in their Liberation War and, in 2013, the Bangladesh government bestowed upon him the “Friends of Liberation War Honour” for his contributions during the revolution. In 1972, Sommer returned to the United States and continued his education at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. Upon completing his Master of Health Sciences degree in epidemiology there, Sommer spent three years as a resident and fellow in ophthalmology at the Wilmer Eye Institute from 1973 to 1976. Following his training at the Wilmer Eye Institute and his family moved to Indonesia, where he began his groundbreaking work on vitamin A deficiency. Following that, he moved to London as a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Ophthalmology. In 1980, he returned to the Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute as the founding director of the Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, he held this position until 1990 when he assumed the position of dean of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
While serving as the Dean of the Bloomberg School, Sommer expanded both the faculty and student bodies and raised hundreds of millions of dollars to renovate and expand the School's physical plant and its research and educational programs. Sommer’s efforts helped the school attain the #1 spot on the U. S. News & World Report Graduate Schools of Public Health ranking, a prestigious title it still holds to this day. Sommer served as dean of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health until 2005, when he returned to work as a professor and researcher of both epidemiology and ophthalmology. Sommer is a Johns Hopkins University Distinguished Service Professor, inaugural Gilman Scholar, Dean Emeritus of the Bloomberg School of Public Health. In the mid-1980s, Sommer initiated and led the development of one of the first, still rigorously updated, clinical guidelines of any medical specialty: the "Preferred Practice Patterns" of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.}} Sommer initiated his research on the causes and effects of vitamin A deficiency while still a resident at the Wilmer Institute.
After completing his residency, Sommer moved his family to Indonesia for three years to continue this work in depth. He was appointed Visiting Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Padjadjaran in Indonesia. Sommer conducted a sequence of observational and intervention trials in Indonesia, subsequently elsewhere, that led to his discovery that Vitamin A deficiency reduces immune responsiveness, therefore resistance to deadly infectious diseases diarrhea and measles. Sommer was forced to repeat his experiments multiple times before convincing the scientific community of the importance of Vitamin A deficiency in contributing to the death and blindness of nearly a million children every year, the effectiveness of one large oral dose of vitamin A, twice a year, in preventing these outcomes. Sommer solidified scientific support by organizing an international conference on the issue at the Rockefeller Foundation center for study in Bellagio, Italy; the scientists at the conference concluded that any intervention that improved children's vitamin A status, including the use of twice yearly large dose capsules, the focus of Sommer’s research, was shown to reduce the child mortality rate of these Vitamin A deficient children by as much as 34 percent.
He conducted studies in which he supplemented Nepalese women of childbearing age with Vitamin A/beta-carotene and observed a 45% reduction in the maternal mortality rate. Sommer and his colleagues conducted further trials on the impact of dosing newborn children in populations that were vitamin A deficient vitamin A supplementation in newborns demonstrating that it reduced newborn mortality by 10-20%. Sommer made a number of other discoveries that have led to major advances in global health care and policies, including demonstrating that measurement of mid-arm-circumference is a simple and effective tool for conducting nutritional surveillance and identifying children and populations at high risk of dying from malnutrition.
Roger Sommer was a French aviator. Born to Alfred Sommer, a Belgian industrialist, Roger Sommer became involved with aviation from an early age, he broke the record for flight duration in 1909. After this, Sommer began working on aircraft construction, he constructed 182 aircraft. Sommer was a friend of Roland Garros. Sommer's company, named Sommer, is now a part of Sommer-Allibert. Roger Sommer was the father of Raymond, François, Pierre Sommer. 1910 UK patent 13005 Sommer 1910 biplane
Raymond Sommer was a French motor racing driver. He raced both before and after WWII with some success in endurance racing, he won the 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance race in both 1932 and 1933, although he did not reach the finishing line in any subsequent appearance at the Le Mans, he did lead each event until 1938. Sommer was competitive at the highest level in Grand Prix motor racing, but did not win a race, he won the French Grand Prix in 1936. After racing resumed in the late 1940s, Sommer again won a number of sports car and minor Grand Prix events, finished in fourth place in the 1950 Monaco Grand Prix, the second round of the newly-instituted Formula One World Drivers' Championship, he was killed toward the end of 1950, when his car overturned during a race at the Circuit de Cadours. Sommer was born in Mouzon, in the Ardennes département of France, into a wealthy Sedan carpet-making family, his father, Roger Sommer, broke the Wright Brothers' record for the longest flight in 1909. It was not until 1931 that Raymond started to display daredevil tendencies of his own, entering motor races in a privateer Chrysler Imperial.
The following year, he won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race, despite having to drive over 20 hours solo after his teammate, Luigi Chinetti, retired ill. During the 1930s, Sommer was to dominate the French endurance classic, winning again in 1933 driving an Alfa Romeo alongside Tazio Nuvolari, he led every race until 1938, only to suffer a mechanical failure, once when 12 laps in the lead. Sommer traveled to Long Island, New York, to compete in the 1936 Vanderbilt Cup where he finished fourth behind the winner, Nuvolari. However, his tendency to run in his own entered Alfa Romeos did him no favours on the Grand Prix scene, although a regular top-10 finisher in Grands Épreuves he never won a race. At the time, the German manufacturers Mercedes-Benz and Auto Union were the dominant force in Grand Prix racing, together with the French Bugatti team. Sommer turned to sports cars once more, in 1936 he won the French Grand Prix with Jean-Pierre Wimille, the Spa 24 Hours endurance race with co-driver Francesco Severi.
More wins came his way including at the "Marseilles Three Hours" at Miramas, the Grand Prix de Tunisie and La Turbie hill climb competition in 1938 and 1939 with Alfa Romeo 308 until the outbreak of World War II, where he played an active part in the French Resistance movement. Following the war, Sommer returned to winning ways, claiming victory in the 1946 René Le Bègue Cup race at Saint-Cloud. At the 1947 Turin Grand Prix in Valentino Park he won the first Grand Prix for Enzo Ferrari as an independent constructor; the following season, Sommer switched from the Ferrari team, again for a owned car, this time a Talbot-Lago. In 1950, the Formula One World Championship began and Sommer drove in two Grand Prix races for Ferrari and three in a entered Talbot-Lago, retiring in all but one. In July 1950 he won the Aix les Bains Circuit du Lac Grand Prix with a Ferrari 166. In September 1950, he entered the Haute-Garonne Grand Prix in Cadours, where the steering failed on his 1100 cc Cooper and the car overturned at a corner.
Sommer, wearing his traditional canvas helmet, was killed. French Grand Prix 1936 Grand Prix de Marseilles 1932, 1937, 1946 Grand Prix de Tunisie 1937 Grand Prix de L'U. M. F. 1935 Gran Premio del Valentino 1947 Madrid Grand Prix 1949 Spa 24 Hours 1936 Turin Grand Prix 1947 24 Hours of Le Mans 1932, 1933 Raymond Sommer profile at Grand Prix encyclopedia
Michael Sommer is a German trade unionist leader. He served for 12 years as the chairman of the German Confederation of Trade Unions. Born in Büderich, now part of Meerbusch, North Rhine-Westphalia, Sommer studied political sciences at Free University of Berlin from 1971 to 1980, he has been a member of the German Post Trade Union, which became part of ver.di in 2001, since 1971. After his final degree, Sommer worked for the trade union, he climbed the ladder in the trade union becoming chairman of ver.di on 18 March 2001. A year on 28 May 2002, he was elected chairman of the DGB, he served for twelve years, retiring in 2014. Aktion Deutschland Hilft, Member of the Board of Trustees Friedrich Ebert Foundation, Deputy Chairman of the Board Volkswagen, Member of the Sustainability Council Volkswagen Foundation, Member of the Board of Trustees Schloss Neuhardenberg Foundation, Chairman of the Board of Trustees KfW, Member of the Supervisory Board
Thelma Thall “Tybie” Sommer is the only living American woman to have won two World Table Tennis Championships. She received the USA Table Tennis Lifetime Achievement Award, is in the Table Tennis Hall of Fame, she says that she excelled "because of her natural athleticism and her ability to analyze and remain objective." Thall was born in 1924 in Columbus, is Jewish. A tomboy as a little girl, she played lots of softball; when she was 13, she won a tennis racket in a Bingo game. Never having had any lessons, yet seeing the similarities with softball, she represented Livingston Park and won the City Junior Tennis Championship. At the age of 15, she was the Captain of the Varsity Boys' Tennis Team at East High School, the only girl to play on the boys' team, let alone be Captain, she graduated 1st in a class of 550 students. In 1947, Thelma "Tybie" Thall won her first U. S. Open Women’s Doubles Championship with her sister Leah, they won the Canadian Nationals that year. In 1948, Thelma and Richard Miles were the first Americans to win the World’s Mixed Doubles Title, in Wembley, England.
In 1949, Thalla, as a member of the USA Team, won Singles and Doubles in the Corbillon Cup, a World Championship Event, in Stockholm, Sweden. That year and Miles won the English Open Mixed Doubles and Thall, with Peggy McLean, won the English Open Women’s Doubles. Thall and her sister Leah won three U. S. National Women’s Doubles, in 1947, 1948, 1949; the Thall Sisters won the Canadian National Doubles in 1947 and 1948. Thelma "Tybie" Thall Sommer was inducted into the United States Table Tennis Association Hall of Fame in 1980. Married with children, she won several Singles Tennis titles in the Northeastern United States. In 1962, she was on the founding board that created the North Shore Women’s Tennis League on Long Island, NY. In 2003, she was honored by that league at the Babe Zaharias Luncheon in N. Y. for creating the flourishing league, which now has over 2,000 participants. She won Mother/Daughter Tennis Titles in the state of Arizona, as well as the city of Phoenix, with daughter Marilyn, now a USPTA Tennis Pro.
In 2005, Thelma "Tybie" Thall Sommer and Leah Thall Neuberger received the USA Table Tennis Mark Mathews Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2012, she presented "The Thall Sisters Cup,” a newly created trophy to the winner of the Women’s Singles in the U. S. Open Table Tennis Championships; this perpetual trophy lists the winners from 1933 to the present. Tybie won the first of many Gold Medals in 1987, the inaugural year of The National Senior Olympics, she continues to compete and win Gold Medals, having attended and won the Arizona Senior Olympics, Rocky Mountain Senior Games, the Huntsman Games in Utah, the National Senior Games with Marilyn. She received the USA Table Tennis Lifetime Achievement Award, is in the Table Tennis Hall of Fame. Thall was inducted into the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 2017. List of select Jewish table tennis players List of table tennis players List of World Table Tennis Championships medalists Boggan, Tim. History of US Table Tennis: The War Years.. The Outer Office, Lime Kiln Road, Fulton MD: Tim Boggan.
Luke Elliott Sommer
Luke Elliott Sommer is a former United States Army Ranger and bank robber. After two years under house arrest in Canada, he pleaded guilty on May 27, 2008 to the August 7, 2006 robbery of a branch of the Bank of America in Tacoma, Washington. On August 7, 2006, four men brandishing weapons robbed the Bank of America branch in South Tacoma of $54,011. While two robbers with automatic rifles covered the bank's entrances, the other two, with handguns, moved swiftly to confront the tellers; the gang's leader wielded a 9-mm Glock 19 with a red laser sight, which he pointed threateningly at the employees. While one of the door guards called out the elapsed time, Luke Elliott Sommer, the gang leader, vaulted over the teller counter and barged behind the bandit barrier into the cages, shouting threats and commands, he ordered the tellers to give him only stacks of banded $20, $50 and $100 bills and not to include any bait money, with prerecorded serial numbers, or dye packs. His assistant collected the money from the teller stations and took $20,000 from a money cart inside the vault.
At the two-minute mark, the timekeeper shouted "Let's go!" The gang exited the bank with $54,011 stuffed into duffel bags, ran down a side street into an alley, jumped into a waiting automobile, sped away. According to the bank surveillance camera, the robbery, executed with military precision, took place in just two minutes and 21 seconds; the gang were tracked down because they failed to remove the front license plate from their getaway vehicle. A bystander noted the number, passed it to the police. Within three days of the robbery, FBI agents arrested Alex Blum at his parents home in Greenwood Village, Colorado. Blum confessed to driving the getaway car, named the other members of the gang, including Luke Elliott Sommer. On December 15, 2008 Sommer was sentenced to 24 years in prison and 5 years of supervised release for Conspiracy to Commit Armed Bank Robbery, Armed Bank Robbery, Brandishing a Firearm During and in Relation to a Crime of Violence, Possession of an Unregistered Destructive Device.
Sommer is facing several firearm related charges in the Saanich area of BC, involving the possession and concealment of a small handgun. Sommer was arrested by RCMP officers in Kelowna British Columbia while attending a court ordered meeting with his bail supervisor, he was arrested on the weapons charge by several plainclothes officers, was held in Kelowna City cells for several hours before being released on bail. Somer was sentenced to an additional 20 years in prison on March 8, 2010 for assaulting a co-defendant and plotting to kill a federal prosecutor. Luke Elliott Sommer was born on June 1986, in Peachland, British Columbia, Canada, he is the son of Christel Sommer. He has one son. Sommer was home schooled for a majority of his life, he travelled extensively with his grandmother, Denise Fichtner, who died on August 8, one day after the robbery in Tacoma. Sommer joined the Army on June 26, 2003, was assigned to a basic training class at Sand Hill, Fort Benning Georgia on November 4, 2003, graduating on January 27, 2004.
After completing OSUT attended and completed Airborne School on Fort Benning prior to attending the Ranger Indoctrination Program in the green fence at Ranger Training Detachment. After completing RIP Sommer was sent to Fort Lewis Washington to the 1st Platoon, Charlie Company, 2nd battalion of the 75th Ranger Regiment. Sommer was at the unit for less than three weeks before he left his girlfriend and newborn son and was shipped to Baghdad, where he remained until September 2004. After returning from Iraq, Sommer conducted Ranger convalescent skill training which includes hot wiring vehicles, operating heavy machines and basic EMT courses. After spending six months in the United States, Sommer was again deployed with 1st Platoon, Charlie Company, this time to Bagram, Afghanistan. After Sommer returned from Afghanistan in September 2005, he was sent to the United States Army Ranger School. Sommer spent nearly seven months completing the prestigious military leadership school, although he had to restart the school twice, Sommer managed to complete the school on April 7, 2006.
After attending Ranger School, court documents assert that Sommer began recruiting and training several members of his unit and two civilians for what was called a robbery with "military style precision and planning." After the robbery, Sommer was arrested and detained in the North Fraser Pretrial Centre where other prisoners such as Rakesh Saxena and Robert William Pickton were held. Sommer was released on bail in September 2006 and was placed under house arrest. Sommer was under house arrest at his home in Peachland, British Columbia, while waiting for an extradition hearing. Sommer was released on bail September 2006 after a short hearing. During the hearing Sommer's lawyer argued that Sommer was a resident of Canada and that his involvement with the United States military was, "like being a professional athlete and operating abroad." With the success of this argument, Chief Justice Dohm placed the Onus on the crown, who failed to prove valid reason for his incarceration pending his extradition hearing.
He agreed to return to the United States and plead guilty. Sommer received significant media attention in 2006 after revealing his robbery role in an interview with Seattle Weekly, he was interviewed by a variety of television and print outlets, including but not limited to: National Public Radio, The Nat