Lombardy is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres. About 10 million people, forming one-sixth of Italy's population, live in Lombardy and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region, making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest regions in Europe. Milan, Lombardy's capital, is the largest metropolitan area in Italy; the word Lombardy comes from Lombard, which in turn is derived from Late Latin Longobardus, derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardǭ, *barduz, related to German Barte. During the early Middle Ages "Lombardy" referred to the Kingdom of the Lombards, a kingdom ruled by the Germanic Lombards who had controlled most of Italy since their invasion of Byzantine Italy in 568; as such "Lombardy" and "Italy" were interchangeable. The Kingdom was divided between Longobardia Major in the north and Langobardia Minor in the south, which were until the 8th century separated by the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna and the Papacy.
During the late Middle Ages, after the fall of the northern part of the Kingdom to Charlemagne, the term shifted to mean Northern Italy.. The term was used until around 965 in the form Λογγοβαρδία as the name for the territory covering modern Apulia which the Byzantines had recovered from the Lombard rump Duchy of Benevento. With a surface of 23,861 km2, Lombardy is the fourth-largest region of Italy, it is bordered by Switzerland and by the Italian regions of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, Piedmont. Three distinct natural zones can be easily distinguished in Lombardy: mountains and plains—the latter being divided in Alta and Bassa; the orography of Lombardy is characterised by the presence of three distinct belts: a northern mountainous belt constituted by the Alpine relief, a central piedmont area of pebbly soils of alluvial origin, the Lombard section of the Padan plain in the southernmost part of the region. The most important mountainous area is an Alpine zone including the Lepontine and Rhaetian Alps, the Bergamo Alps, the Ortler Alps and the Adamello massif.
The plains of Lombardy, formed by alluvial deposits, can be divided into the Alta—an upper, permeable ground zone in the north and a lower zone—and the Bassa—dotted by the so-called line of fontanili, spring waters rising from impermeable ground. Inconsistent with the three distinctions above made is the small subregion of Oltrepò Pavese, formed by the Apennine foothills beyond the Po River; the mighty Po river marks the southern border of the region for a length of about 210 km. In its progress it receives the waters of the Ticino River, which rises in the Bedretto valley and joins the Po near Pavia; the other streams which contribute to the great river are, the Olona, the Lambro, the Adda, the Oglio and the Mincio. The numerous lakes of Lombardy, all of glacial origin, lie in the northern highlands. From west to east these are Lake Maggiore, Lake Lugano, Lake Como, Lake Iseo, Lake Idro Lake Garda, the largest in Italy. South of the Alps lie the hills characterised by a succession of low heights of morainic origin, formed during the last Ice Age and small fertile plateaux, with typical heaths and conifer woods.
A minor mountainous area, the Oltrepò Pavese, lies south of the Po, in the Apennines range. In the plains, intensively cultivated for centuries, little of the original environment remains; the most commons trees are elm, sycamore, poplar and hornbeam. In the area of the foothills lakes, grow olive trees and larches, as well as varieties of subtropical flora such as magnolias, acacias. Numerous species of endemic flora in the Prealpine area include some kinds of saxifrage, the Lombard garlic, groundsels bellflowers and the cottony bellflowers; the highlands are characterised by the typical vegetation of the whole range of the Italian Alps. At a lower levels oak woods or broadleafed trees grow. Shrubs such as rhododendron, dwarf pine and juniper are native to the summital zone. Lombardy counts many protected areas: the most important are the Stelvio National Park, with alpine wildlife: red deer, roe deer, chamois, foxes and golden eagles. L
Casale Foot Ball Club A. S. D. is an Italian football club, based in Piedmont. The club plays in Serie D; the team's nickname nerostellati refers to the team’s colours of black with a white star on the heart. When the club was founded in 1909 Casale was at the geographical centre of the new footballing movement in Italy. Genoa, Pro Vercelli, Internazionale Torino and Alessandria were all leading clubs in the Italian football league system and Casale soon joined their number. In May 1913 Casale became the first Italian club to defeat an English professional team when they beat Reading F. C. 2–1. Reading won all the other games on this tour, defeating Genoa, Pro Vercelli and the Italian national team. In the following season Casale won their only national title. Italian football was organized on a regional basis and the national championship was divided into three stages. Casale topped the Ligurian-Piedmontese division and proceeded, along with second-placed Genoa, to compete in a division comprising the top northern teams.
Having won that division, Casale defeated central-southern champions Lazio 7–1, 0–2 in the two-leg final. After World War I Casale remained in the top division for a couple of decades, representing what had been the cradle of early Italian football. With the development of professionalism, Casale was progressively relegated to lower divisions, 1934 being their last year in Serie A; the club was refounded twice, in 1993 and 2013, when it was refounded with the present, original name used from 1909 to 1925 and 1929 to 1935. Heated rivalry between the fans Casale and Alessandria. See Category:Casale F. B. C. PlayersFive players who appeared in the scudetto-winning team of 1913–14 played in the Italian national team, all making their international debuts between 1912 and 1914: Luigi Barbesino Giovanni Gallina Angelo Mattea Giuseppe Parodi Amedeo Varese Casale’s biggest star, was the full back Umberto Caligaris whose career with the club ran from 1919 to 1928. During this period he made 37 appearances for the Azzurri.
He represented Italy in the 1924 Olympics and won a bronze medal at the 1928 Summer Olympics before leaving Casale for Juventus. His total of 59 caps stood as a record for many years. Eraldo Monzeglio to represent Italy on numerous occasions, including the 1934 and 1938 World Cups, made his Serie A debut with Casale in 1924–25; the following season, however he moved to Bologna F. C. 1909. Serie A Winners: 1913–14Serie B Winners: 1929–30Serie C Winners: 1937–38Coppa Italia Dilettanti Winners: 1998–99 For 1913: Il Calcio a Casale M.to
S.S.D. Unione Sanremo
Società Sportiva Dilettantistica Unione Sanremo referred to as Unione Sanremo or Sanremese is an Italian association football club, based in Sanremo, Liguria. The historical U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 after the 16th place in the 2010–11 season in Lega Pro Seconda Divisione group A was liquidated. On the summer 2012 the club was refounded with the current name restarting from Terza Categoria Savona/Imperia, it plays in Serie D. The club was founded in 1904 as U. S. Sanremese 1904, but the football team was founded only in 1911; the US Sanremese Calcio 1904 was born by the merger of the first two local teams: the Ausonia and the Speranza. The team played three seasons in Serie B from 1937–38 to 1939–40 when they were relegated in Serie C. In the 1937–38 season gets the 9th place in Serie B, the best result in club history. It's the only Italian team to have played in every championship of Serie C in a sole national division from 1952–53 to 1957–58; the team from 1977–78 to 1978–79 came from Serie D to Serie C1.
The club played seven consecutive seasons in Serie C1 from 1979–80, when it achieved an historic 4th place, to 1985–86 when they retreated in Serie C2 and the next year in Serie D. In the season 1980–81 it played the Anglo-Italian Cup, called in this year Talbot Challenge Cup; the team won 3–1 with Hungerford Town and 2–1 with Bridgend Town, draw 2–2 with Oxford City and lost 1–0 with Poole Town. It ranked third in the group with 7 points, dominated by Modena won the competition. In the summer of 1987 the company fell after 83 years of existence because of the large debts; the club was refounded in 1987 allocating by the Terza Categoria as Sanremese Football Club 1904 On 1992 with the merger with Sanremo 80, it filming the historic name of U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904. In the league 1991–92 and 1995–96 the club won the regional Eccellenza Liguria gaining promotion to Serie D and the 1995–96 Regional Coppa Italia Liguria:. In the season 1997 -- 98 lost in the final scudetto with the Giugliano; the team played two seasons in Serie C2 from 1998–99 to 1999–2000 when it retreated to Serie D.
The club played four seasons in Serie D from 2000–01 to 2001–04 when was admitted to Serie C2. The team played three seasons in Serie C2 from 2004–05 to 2006–07 when it retreated to Serie D. On the season 2005–06 lost the final Coppa Italia Serie C with the Gallipoli lose away 1–0 and at home wins 2–1. From November 2007, most of the players leave the team, become in the meantime USD Sanremese 1904, in strong crisis of liquidity, for non-payment of wages, thus leading to relegation from the Serie D. On 10 July 2008 the club was declared inactive to the FIGC after being refused entry to the League of Eccellenza, because of the large debts. In summer 2008, the last president Carlo Barillà refounded the team with the same name of U. S. D. Sanremese 1904, that played in the season 2008–09 in Seconda Categoria. On 4 August 2009 the Ospedaletti-Sanremo, just promoted from the Promozione Ligure girone A, after the agreement with Carlo Barillà for the cessation of the homonymous team that he was founded, changes name in U.
S. D. Sanremese Calcio 1904: so the company's family Del Gratta has been the only legitimate heir of the old society. In the league 2009–10, coached by Giancarlo "Carlo" Calabria Sanremese wins the regional Eccellenza Liguria gaining promotion in Serie D. and the Regional Coppa Italia Liguria:. It eliminated in the Coppa Italia Dilettanti 2009-2010 from Bolzano, in the quarter-finals losing for 1–2 at home and equalizing 0–0 away. On 4 August 2010 became U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 the team obtained the admission into Lega Pro Seconda Divisione group A for the 2010-11 season; the club survived relegation on the pitch after a 3-2 aggregate win over Sacilese Calcio in the playoff round. After the arrest, of 15 March 2011, of Marco and his father Riccardo Del Gratta President and Director General, the company was temporarily administered by Giancarlo Lupi, a brother-in-law of the President Marco Del Gratta, they are accused of being the beneficiaries of the alleged threats and extortions to players of Sanremese, so that the latter rescind the onerous contracts signed in the summer.
Since 16 March 2011, after the resignations of the owners Marco and Riccardo Del Gratta, the new CEO was Giuseppe Fava, responsible for the youth sector. On 30 June 2011, the club wasn't able to enter 2011–12 Lega Pro Seconda Divisione for failure to submit the required surety agreement and was so subsequently liquidated. After a year of inactivity, in the summer 2012 the club was refounded as A. S. D. Sanremese by the entrepreneur Luca Colangelo and president, restarting from Terza Categoria Savona/Imperia. In the summer 2013 the club placed, its home stadium has been the Campo Sportivo Pian di Poma in Sanremo. The club on 6 October 2013, after a disastrous start on the group AB of Seconda Categoria Liguria sacked Mattia Moraglia, the coach of last season, replaced until the resignations of 21 October by Marco Pinto and after by Fabrizio Gatti; the club was promoted to Prima Categoria after the play off round. Since the summer 2014 the new President is Alessio Graglia and the coach is Andrea Caverzan.
The team plays in group A of Prima Categoria Liguria. Its home stadium is the Stadio Comunale in Sanremo; the U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 has played 60 national leagues: 3 times in Serie B: the first on 1937–38, the last on 1939–40 38 times in Lega Pro: the first on 1934–35, the last on 2010–11 19 times in Serie D: the first on 1963–64, the last on 2007–08; the team's colors are light blue and white, the second shirt is red. The A. S. D. Sanremese such as the historic U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 played at the Stadio Comunale of Sanremo, site in Corso Mazzini 15
U.S. Folgore Caratese A.S.D.
U. S. Folgore Caratese A. S. D. is an Italian association football club, based in Carate Brianza which plays in Serie D group A. The club was founded in 2011 after the merger of U. S. Folgore Verano and U. S. Caratese; the most notable former player of Caratese has been Moreno Torricelli. Folgore Caratese is a satellite team of Novara Calcio; the club serves as a training side for Novara's young talents. The team's colors are blue with white border, it plays at the Stadio XXV Aprile in Carate Brianza, which has a capacity of 3,000. Official Website
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
A.C. Trento S.C.S.D.
A. C. Trento S. C. S. D. is an Italian football club, the major club in Trento. They play in Serie D. In 2014 Società Sportiva Dilettantistica Trento Calcio 1921 S.r.l. went bankrupt. The sports title was transferred to A. C. Trento S. C. S. D.. The club was founded in 1921; the team took part to the 1945–46 Serie Sodikin Alta Italia season. It in the season 2010–11, from Serie D group B relegated, in the play-out, to Eccellenza Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, where it plays in the current season. In the season 2011–12 the team was promoted from Eccellenza Trentino – South Tyroll to Serie D after playoffs; the team was relegated again in 2013. In 2014 Trento was relegated from Eccellenza to Promozione. After the transfer of the sports title to a new company in the same year, the phoenix club won promotion back to Eccellenza in 2016; the official colors are blue. They are the colors of the city of Trento; the home jerseys of the club include the colors yellow and blue and can be vertically striped depending on the season.
The away jerseys are white or black. The badge of the club has the form of a shield; the left half of the logo in the background is blue, the other half yellow. They represent the city of Trento. In the middle of the badge an eagle is depicted, the coat of arms of Trento. Above the eagle is the inscription "A. C. TRENTO"; the founding year "1921" is shown below the eagle. AC Trento plays his home games at Stadio Briamasco; the stadium has a capacity of 4,200 spectators. In the meantime, the stadium was slightly modernized; the dimensions of the field are 105x65 meters and it is played on natural turf pitch. It consists of south tribune; the north tribune is covered and the south tribune only half. In addition, the arena has an athletics system, no longer used. Two international matches of the Italian U21 were played in the Stadio Briamasco. Official site