Howdy! (Teenage Fanclub album)
Howdy! is the seventh album by Scottish alternative rock band Teenage Fanclub, released in 2000, the band's only album with a major sublabel. Norman Blake - Vocals, guitar Gerard Love - Vocals, bass Raymond McGinley - Vocals, guitar Finlay MacDonald - Vocals, guitar Paul Quinn - Drums Megan Childs - Violin Mick Cooke - Trumpet, Tuba Sharon Fitzgerald - French horn Nick Brine - Backing vocals
The Byrds were an American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1964. The band underwent multiple lineup changes throughout its existence, with frontman Roger McGuinn remaining the sole consistent member. Although they only managed to attain the huge commercial success of contemporaries like the Beatles, the Beach Boys, the Rolling Stones for a short period in the mid-1960s, the Byrds are today considered by critics to be nearly as influential as those bands, their signature blend of clear harmony singing and McGuinn's jangly twelve-string Rickenbacker guitar was "absorbed into the vocabulary of rock" and has continued to be influential. The band pioneered the musical genre of folk rock as a popular format in 1965, by melding the influence of the Beatles and other British Invasion bands with contemporary and traditional folk music on their debut album and the hit singles "Mr. Tambourine Man" and "Turn! Turn! Turn!". As the 1960s progressed, the band was influential in originating psychedelic rock and raga rock, with their song "Eight Miles High" and the albums Fifth Dimension, Younger Than Yesterday and The Notorious Byrd Brothers.
They played a pioneering role in the development of country rock, with the 1968 album Sweetheart of the Rodeo representing their fullest immersion into the genre. The original five-piece lineup of the Byrds consisted of Jim McGuinn, Gene Clark, David Crosby, Chris Hillman, Michael Clarke; this version of the band was short-lived. The Byrds continued as a quartet until late 1967, when Crosby and Clarke departed. McGuinn and Hillman decided to recruit new members, including country rock pioneer Gram Parsons, but by late 1968, Hillman and Parsons had exited the band. McGuinn elected to rebuild the band's membership. McGuinn disbanded the then-current lineup in early 1973 to make way for a reunion of the original quintet; the Byrds' final album was released in March 1973, with the reunited group disbanding that year. Several former members of the band went on to successful careers of their own, either as solo artists or as members of such groups as Crosby, Nash & Young, the Flying Burrito Brothers and the Desert Rose Band.
In 1991, the Byrds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, an occasion that saw the five original members performing together for the last time. Gene Clark died of a heart attack that year, while Michael Clarke died of liver failure in 1993. McGuinn and Hillman remain active; the nucleus of the Byrds formed in early 1964, when Jim McGuinn, Gene Clark, David Crosby came together as a trio. All three musicians had a background rooted in folk music, with each one having worked as a folk singer on the acoustic coffeehouse circuit during the early 1960s. In addition, they had all served time, independently of each other, as sidemen in various "collegiate folk" groups: McGuinn with the Limeliters and the Chad Mitchell Trio, Clark with the New Christy Minstrels, Crosby with Les Baxter's Balladeers. McGuinn had spent time as a professional songwriter at the Brill Building in New York City, under the tutelage of Bobby Darin. By early 1964, McGuinn had become enamored with the music of the Beatles, had begun to intersperse his solo folk repertoire with acoustic versions of Beatles' songs.
While performing at The Troubadour folk club in Los Angeles, McGuinn was approached by fellow Beatles fan Gene Clark, the pair soon formed a Peter and Gordon-style duo, playing Beatles' covers, Beatlesque renditions of traditional folk songs, some self-penned material. Soon after, David Crosby introduced himself to the duo at The Troubadour and began harmonizing with them on some of their songs. Impressed by the blend of their voices, the three musicians formed a trio and named themselves the Jet Set, a moniker inspired by McGuinn's love of aeronautics. Crosby introduced McGuinn and Clark to his associate Jim Dickson, who had access to World Pacific Studios, where he had been recording demos of Crosby. Sensing the trio's potential, Dickson took on management duties for the group, while his business partner, Eddie Tickner, became the group's accountant and financial manager. Dickson began utilizing World Pacific Studios to record the trio as they honed their craft and perfected their blend of Beatles pop and Bob Dylan-style folk.
It was during the rehearsals at World Pacific that the band's folk rock sound—an amalgam of their own Beatles-influenced material, their folk music roots and their Beatlesque covers of contemporary folk songs—began to coalesce. This blend arose organically, but as rehearsals continued, the band began to attempt to bridge the gap between folk music and rock. Demo recordings made by the Jet Set at World Pacific Studios would be collected on the compilation albums Preflyte, In the Beginning, The Preflyte Sessions and Preflyte Plus. Drummer Michael Clarke was added to the Jet Set in mid-1964. Clarke was recruited due to his good looks and Brian Jones-esque hairstyle, rather than for his musical experience, limited to having played congas in a semi-professional capacity in and around San Francisco and L. A. Clarke did not own his own drum kit and had to play on a makeshift setup consisting of cardboard boxes and a tambourine; as the band continued to rehearse, Dickson arranged a one-off single deal for the group with Elektra Records' founder Jac Holzman.
Torness Nuclear Power Station
Torness nuclear power station was the last of the United Kingdom's second generation nuclear power plants to be commissioned. Construction of this facility began in 1980 for the South of Scotland Electricity Board and it was commissioned in 1988. Torness nuclear power station is located 30 miles east of Edinburgh at Torness Point near Dunbar in East Lothian, Scotland, it is a local landmark visible from the main A1 road and East Coast Main Line railway. After extensive discussions with the local planning authority and more than twenty other interested organisations, the SSEB sought approval of the Secretary of State for Scotland in 1973 for Torness as a site for a nuclear power station. A public exhibition was held at Dunbar in February 1974 to explain the Board's proposals, in June 1974, a public inquiry was held. There was widespread public opposition to the building of a nuclear plant at Torness. Diverse campaigning groups came together to highlight the environmental and human cost of nuclear power stations.
In May 1978 4000 people marched from Dunbar to occupy the Torness site. Many of them signed a declaration to “take all nonviolent steps necessary to prevent the construction of a nuclear power station at Torness”; the SSEB submitted designs for four types of reactor being considered by HM Government for the next stage of the UK civil nuclear programme: the advanced gas-cooled reactor, the Steam Generating Heavy Water Reactor, the Light Water Reactor and the High Temperature Reactor. In February 1975, the Secretary of State for Scotland granted the SSEB statutory consent for the location of future nuclear power stations and, after review of the four alternative reactor types, consent was given on 24 May 1978 for construction of the AGR station; the construction, undertaken by a consortium known as National Nuclear Corporation, began in 1980. The reactors were supplied by NNC and the turbines by GEC. Torness was the last of the United Kingdom's second generation nuclear power plants to be commissioned.
The station consists of two advanced gas-cooled reactors capable of producing a peak rating of 1364 MWe. Upon deregulation of the United Kingdom's electricity generation market it passed to the state-owned Scottish Nuclear, privatised as part of British Energy, sold to the French company EDF in January 2009, incorporated in the latter's UK subsidiary EDF Energy, it is expected to operate until 2030. Torness shares its design with Heysham 2 nuclear power station; the station was designed by NNC, a company created from the gradual amalgamation of five consortia that were formed in the 1950s and 1960s to build the UK's commercial nuclear power stations. NNC is now AMEC Nuclear UK Ltd; the graphite-moderated, gas-cooled design was proven at the WAGR – the Windscale experimental AGR facility and is a significant evolution of the Magnox reactor designs. The entire UK commercial reactor programme shares a common heritage with, was built on operating experience gained from the early PIPPA reactors at Calder Hall and Chapelcross and prior to that, the Windscale piles.
When first operated Torness had the most sophisticated and complex computerised control system for a nuclear power station worldwide, a far more sophisticated than earlier members of the advanced gas-cooled reactor fleet. Over 70 Ferranti Argus 700 computers are used in the control and instrumentation systems, which included Digital Direct Control of the reactors. Nuclear fuel for Torness power station can be delivered and removed via a loading/unloading facility on a branch from the adjacent East Coast Main Line. Details of incidents are published on the web site of the Health and Safety Executive in its quarterly statements of nuclear incidents at nuclear installations and quarterly inspection reports for each nuclear licensed site; these include: In November 1999 an RAF Panavia Tornado crashed into the North Sea less than 1 km from the power station following an engine failure. The UK Ministry of Defence commended the two crew members for demonstrating "exceptional levels of airmanship and awareness in the most adverse of conditions", because they ensured that the Tornado was clear of the power station before abandoning the aircraft.
This was thought, from forensic evidence, to be linked to the development of an unexpected fatigue-related crack in part of the impeller. In August, another gas circulator on the other Torness reactor showed signs of increasing vibration and was promptly shut down by the operators, its subsequent disassembly revealed a developed fatigue related crack in a similar position to the first failure, but the prompt shutdown had prevented consequential damage. An unplanned power increase on Reactor 2 at Torness during the night shift of 30 December 2005. Operators responded to the event by taking corrective action to restore normal core reactivity levels. Station and Company investigations identified that improvement to the training of operators covering reactivity fundamentals is appropriate. Complete blockage by seaweed of the main cooling water intake drum-screens is an initiating event considered in the Station Safety Report; the event resulted in supplies of main cooling water being lost for a period.
As a consequence, water supplies to the reactor seawater system, which provides a safety role, were lost for a time on one reactor and restricted on the other. The station responded to the event by shutting down both reactors within 70 minutes of receiving the first indication of impaired main cooling water flow and provided adequate post trip cooling. On 28 June 2011 both reactors were manually shut down due to reduced flow of sea water at intakes by a large mass of jellyfish. Nuclear powe
Norman Blake (Scottish musician)
Norman Blake is a singer and songwriter in the Glasgow based band Teenage Fanclub. Blake and Sean Dickson were in The Faith Healers together, which contained various members at different times Stevie Gray, Hugh McLaughlin, Brian Carson and Colin Murray to name but a few. Blake was a member of the Glasgow group, The Pretty Flowers, with school friend Duglas T. Stewart, Frances McKee, Janice Cochrane and Sean Dickson. After the group split Blake formed the Boy Hairdressers in 1986, the original lineup being just Blake assisted by Dickson and Stewart. Blake was joined by Joe McAlinden, Jim Lambie and three future members of Teenage Fanclub Raymond McGinley, Francis Macdonald and Paul Quinn The group recorded one EP for 53rd and 3rd Records featuring three of Blake's compositions. In 1986 Blake joined BMX Bandits on drums and moving to guitar. Blake became a key song writer for the Bandits co-authoring some of their best loved material including "Disco Girl", "Serious Drugs" and "Right Across the Street".
Blake joined Glasgow group The Clouds for a short stay, playing lead guitar on their single Get Out of My Dream. In 1989 Blake formed Teenage Fanclub with McGinley enlisting Francis Macdonald and Gerard Love to record their debut A Catholic Education; the album was composed by Blake and included the anthemic "Everything Flows". The album was recorded in Glasgow back to back with the debut album of Blake's other group at that time, BMX Bandits, the titled C86, which Blake wrote much of the material for. Blake left the Bandits in 1991 after their Star Wars album but continues to be an occasional contributor to their records. Blake has found international fame and acclaim with Teenage Fanclub for his songwriting talents and vocal abilities in both lead and harmony roles. Blake's songs are melodic and great, an appreciation and understanding of many musical genres, his best loved songs for Teenage Fanclub include « Straight and Narrow », "Alcoholiday", "Did I Say" and "Neil Jung". Blake has continued to contribute to projects without his main band, including one-off collaborations with Eugene Kelly as The Famous Monsters, Francis MacDonald as Frank Blake.
More Blake has recorded and co-written material with Euros Childs, forming the indie superduo Jonny. Blake has appeared on recordings by The Trash Can Sinatras, The Pastels, Kevin Ayers, Bill Wells, The Reindeer Section, Yeon Gene and The Pearlfishers. Blake has produced recordings for Speedboat (featuring Finlay MacDonald, The Pearlfishers and 1990s. Blake has solo recordings on the albums Caroline Now! and Ballads of the Book. In 2001, Blake stood down from being elected Rector of the University of Glasgow to make room for his friend and Sebastian's Stuart Murdoch. In 2018, Blake produced; the band was fronted by former Alfie guitarist Ian Smith and Jack Cooper, who went on to form several band including Ultimate Painting and Mazes. In 2009, Blake moved to live with his Canadian wife in Ontario, he is collaborating with Joe Pernice in The New Mendicants. Their debut full-length album, "Into the Lime," was released in January 2014. In 2014, Blake released "How Many Glasgow", an album in collaboration with Jad Fair and Tenniscoats on the label Sweet Dreams Press.
2015 saw the release of the album "Yes", a collaboration with Jad Fair as part of Fair's artist in residence project with Indianapolis label Joyful Noise Recordings. Blake features prominently in the 2017 documentary Teenage Superstars
Britpop was a UK-based music and culture movement in the mid-1990s which emphasised "Britishness", produced brighter, catchier alternative rock in reaction to the popularity of the darker lyrical themes of the US-led grunge music, an alternative rock genre, to the UK's own shoegazing music scene. The most successful bands linked with the movement are Blur, Oasis and Pulp; the timespan of Britpop is considered to be 1993–1997, with 1994–1995, a chart battle between Blur and Oasis dubbed "The Battle of Britpop", being the epicentre of activity. While music was the main focus, fashion and politics got involved, with artists such as Damien Hirst being involved in creating videos for Blur, being labelled as Britart or Britpop artists, Tony Blair and New Labour aligning themselves with the movement. Though Britpop is viewed as a marketing tool, more of a cultural moment than a musical style or genre, there are musical conventions and influences the bands grouped under the Britpop term have in common, such as showing elements from the British pop music of the 1960s, glam rock and punk rock of the 1970s, indie pop of the 1980s in their music.
Britpop was a media-driven focus on bands which emerged from the independent music scene of the early 1990s—and was associated with the British popular cultural movement of Cool Britannia which evoked the Swinging Sixties and the British guitar pop music of that decade. In the wake of the musical invasion into the United Kingdom by American grunge bands, new British groups such as Blur and Suede launched the movement by positioning themselves as opposing musical forces, referencing British guitar music of the past and writing about uniquely British topics and concerns; these bands were soon joined by others including Oasis, The Verve, Cast and Elastica. Britpop groups brought British alternative rock into the mainstream and formed the backbone of a larger British cultural movement called Cool Britannia. "The Battle of Britpop" brought Britpop to the forefront of the British press in 1995. By 1997, the movement began to slow down; the popularity of the pop group the Spice Girls "snatched the spirit of the age from those responsible for Britpop".
Although its more popular bands were able to spread their commercial success overseas to the United States, the movement fell apart by the end of the decade. Though Britpop is seen retrospectively as a marketing tool, more of a cultural moment than a musical style or genre, there are musical conventions and influences the bands grouped under the Britpop term have in common. Britpop bands show elements from the British pop music of the Sixties, glam rock and punk rock of the Seventies, indie pop of the Eighties in their music and clothing. Specific influences vary: Blur and Oasis drew from the Kinks, early Pink Floyd and the Beatles while Elastica had a fondness for arty punk rock, notably Wire. Regardless, Britpop artists project a sense of reverence for British pop sounds of the past; the Kinks' Ray Davies and XTC's Andy Partridge are sometimes advanced as the "godfathers" or "grandfathers" of Britpop. Alternative rock acts from the indie scene of the Eighties and early Nineties were the direct ancestors of the Britpop movement.
The influence of the Smiths is common to the majority of Britpop artists. The Madchester scene, fronted by the Stone Roses, Happy Mondays and Inspiral Carpets, was an immediate root of Britpop since its emphasis on good times and catchy songs provided an alternative to the British-based shoegazing and American based grunge styles of music. Pre-dating Britpop by four years, Liverpool based group The La's hit single "There She Goes" was described by Rolling Stone as a "founding piece of Britpop's foundation." Local identity and regional British accents are common to Britpop groups, as well as references to British places and culture in lyrics and image. Stylistically, Britpop bands use catchy hooks and lyrics that were relevant to young British people of their own generation. Britpop bands conversely denounced grunge as irrelevant and having nothing to say about their lives. Damon Albarn of Blur summed up the attitude in 1993 when after being asked if Blur were an "anti-grunge band" he said, "Well, that's good.
If punk was about getting rid of hippies I'm getting rid of grunge." In spite of the professed disdain for the genres, some elements of both crept into the more enduring facets of Britpop. Noel Gallagher has since championed Ride and once stated that Nirvana's Kurt Cobain was the only songwriter he had respect for in the last ten years, that he felt their music was similar enough that Cobain could have written "Wonderwall". By 1996, Oasis's prominence was such that NME termed a number of Britpop bands "Noelrock", citing Gallagher's influence on their music. Journalist John Harris typified these bands, Gallagher, of sharing "a dewy-eyed love of the 1960s, a spurning of much beyond rock's most basic ingredients, a belief in the supremacy of'real music'"; the imagery associated with Britpop was British and working class. A rise in unabashed maleness, exemplified by Loaded magazine and lad culture in general, would be much part of the Britpop era; the Union Jack became a prominent symbol of the movement and its use as a symbol of pride and nationalism contrasted with the controversy that erupted just a few years before when former Smiths singer Morrissey performed draped in it.
The emphasis on British referen
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Aviemore is a town and tourist resort, situated within the Cairngorms National Park in the Highlands of Scotland. It is within the Highland council area; the town is popular for skiing and other winter sports, for hill-walking in the Cairngorm Mountains. There are excellent views of the Cairngorms from various places within the town from the railway station; the Aviemore stone circle is located within a residential neighbourhood of the town. Prior to 1790 it was in an exclave of the county of Moray and from 1890 to 1975 it was in the county of Inverness-shire, until the date being within the Civil Parish of Duthil and Rothiemurchus; the village began to grow as a result of it becoming a railway junction in 1898, following which the Highland Railway became a major employer constructing housing for its staff and the Aviemore Hotel. Aviemore became one of the first skiing resorts to be established in Scotland with the opening of the chairlift in 1961 After the ski centre opened the population of the village grew.
The resort has since grown into Britain's most visited ski resort during the winter months. The Aviemore Hotel was destroyed by fire in 1950, its site and that of its golf course were used in the 1960s for the construction of the Aviemore Centre, it was opened by Lady Fraser of Allander in 1966. "The Centre", as it became affectionately known developed into a major Scottish tourist destination, in its heyday royalty were regular visitors, including Prince Charles and Princess Anne who attended Royal Hunt Balls hosted in the Aviemore Centre's Osprey Rooms. The popular BBC TV show "It's A Christmas Knockout" was held in the complex twice in the 1970s. Rothiemurchus Golf Club, Aviemore was founded in 1906; the club and course closed at the time of WW2. Around 1998, many of the original John Poulson buildings were demolished as part of a promised £50 million overhaul. Although the visitor buildings were replaced, many of the other leisure facilities were not. In 2006 a led tourist organisation began a programme of attracting tourists to the area.
It is notable for being near the grazing reindeer herd at Glen More, the only one in the United Kingdom. Aviemore lies on the B9152. Aviemore railway station is on the Highland Main Line and Aviemore is the southern terminus of the Strathspey Railway, a heritage railway. Aviemore has an oceanic climate, with cool rainfall throughout the year; the highest temperature recorded was 31.3 °C on 28 June 2018. The official website for accommodation and activities in Aviemore and the Cairngorms National Park Aviemore and Cairngorms National Park Info Local services in Aviemore Aviemore Golf portal Aviemore Panoramic Images