Eurovision Song Contest
The Eurovision Song Contest simply called Eurovision, is an international song competition held among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. Each participating country submits an original song to be performed on live television and radio casts votes for the other countries' songs to determine the winner. At least 50 countries are eligible to compete as of 2018, since 2015, Australia has been allowed as a guest entrant. Winning the Eurovision Song Contest provides a short-term career boost for artists, but results in long-term success. Exceptions include ABBA, Bucks Fizz, Celine Dion, all of whom launched successful careers. Based on the Sanremo Music Festival held in Italy since 1951, Eurovision has been broadcast every year since its inauguration in 1956, making it the longest-running annual international television contest and one of the world's longest-running television programmes, it is one of the most watched non-sporting events, with audience figures of between 100 million and 600 million internationally.
It has been broadcast in several countries that do not compete, such as the United States, New Zealand, China. Since 2000, it has been broadcast online via the Eurovision website. Ireland holds the record for most victories, with seven wins, including four times in five years in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996. Under the current voting system, in place since 2016, the highest-scoring winner is Salvador Sobral of Portugal who won the 2017 contest in Kiev, with 758 points; as a war-torn Europe was rebuilding itself in the 1950s, the European Broadcasting Union —based in Switzerland—set up an ad hoc committee to search for ways of bringing together the countries of the EBU around a "light entertainment programme". At a committee meeting held in Monaco in January 1955 with Marcel Bezençon of the Swiss television as chairman, the committee conceived the idea of an international song contest where countries would participate in one television programme to be transmitted across all countries of the union; the competition was based upon the existing Sanremo Music Festival held in Italy and was seen as a technological experiment in live television.
In those days it was a ambitious project to join many countries together in a wide-area international network. Satellite television did not exist and the Eurovision Network comprised a terrestrial microwave network; the concept known as "Eurovision Grand Prix", was approved by the EBU General Assembly in a meeting held in Rome on 19 October 1955, it was decided that the first contest would take place in spring 1956 in Lugano, Switzerland. The name "Eurovision" was first used in relation to the EBU's network by British journalist George Campey in the London Evening Standard in 1951; the first contest was held in the town of Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated—each submitting two songs, for a total of 14; this was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957, all contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 contest was won by Switzerland; the programme was first known as the "Eurovision Grand Prix". This "Grand Prix" name was adopted by Germany, Denmark and the Francophone countries, with the French designation being Le Grand-Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne.
The "Grand Prix" was dropped in 1973 and replaced with Concours in French and in 2001 with the English name in German, but not in Danish or Norwegian. The Eurovision network is used to carry many news and sports programmes internationally, among other specialised events organised by the EBU. However, in the minds of the public, the name "Eurovision" is most associated with the Song Contest; the format of the contest has changed over the years, though the basic tenets have always been thus: participant countries submit original songs, performed live on a television programme broadcast across the Eurovision Network by the EBU to all countries. A "country" as a participant is represented by one television broadcaster from that country: but not always, that country's national public broadcasting organisation; the programme is hosted by one of the participant countries, the programme is broadcast from the auditorium in the host city. During this programme, after all the songs have been performed, the countries proceed to cast votes for the other countries' songs: nations are not allowed to vote for their own song.
At the end of the programme, the song with the most points is declared as the winner. The winner receives the prestige of having won—although it is usual for a trophy to be awarded to the winning songwriters, the winning country is formally invited to host the event the following year; the programme is invariably opened by one or more presenters. Between the songs and the announcement of the voting, an interval act is performed; these acts can be any form of entertainment. Interval entertainment has included such acts as the Wombles and the first international performance of Riverdance; as national broadcasters join and leave the Eurovision feed transmitted by the EBU, the EBU/Eurovision network logo ident is displayed. The accompanying theme music is the prelude to Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Te Deum; the same logo was used for both
Un premier amour
"Un premier amour" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1962, sung in French by Isabelle Aubret representing France. The song was performed ninth on the night, following the Netherlands' De Spelbrekers with "Katinka" and preceding Norway's Inger Jacobsen with "Kom sol, kom regn". By the close of voting, it had received 26 points, placing it first in a field of 16; the song is a dramatic ballad, with Aubret singing about the power that a first love has over people. The song was succeeded as contest winner in 1963 by "Dansevise" performed by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann representing Denmark, it was succeeded as French representative at the 1963 contest by Alain Barrière with "Elle était si jolie". Isabelle Aubret returned to the Contest in 1968, again representing France, singing "La source", placing third with 20 points, behind winner Massiel with La, La, La and runner-up Cliff Richard with Congratulations. Official Eurovision Song Contest site, history by year, 1962 Detailed info & lyrics, The Diggiloo Thrush, "Un premier amour"
BBC Two is the second flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. It covers a wide range of subject matter, but tends to broadcast more "highbrow" programmes than the more mainstream and popular BBC One. Like the BBC's other domestic TV and radio channels, it is funded by the television licence, is therefore free of commercial advertising, it is a comparatively well-funded public-service network attaining a much higher audience share than most public-service networks worldwide. Styled BBC2, it was the third British television station to be launched, from 1 July 1967, Europe's first television channel to broadcast in colour, it was envisaged as a home for less mainstream and more ambitious programming, while this tendency has continued to date, most special-interest programmes of a kind broadcast on BBC Two, for example the BBC Proms, now tend to appear on BBC Four instead. British television at the time of BBC2's launch consisted of two channels: the BBC Television Service and the ITV network made up of smaller regional companies.
Both channels had existed in a state of competition since ITV's launch in 1955, both had aimed for a populist approach in response. The 1962 Pilkington Report on the future of broadcasting noticed this, that ITV lacked any serious programming, it therefore decided that Britain's third television station should be awarded to the BBC. Prior to its launch, the new BBC2 was promoted on the BBC Television Service: the soon to be renamed BBC1; the animated adverts featured the campaign mascots "Hullabaloo", a mother kangaroo, "Custard", her joey. Prior to, several years after, the channel's formal launch, the channel broadcast "Trade Test Transmissions", short films made externally by companies such as Shell and BP, which served to enable engineers to test reception, but became cult viewing; the channel was scheduled to begin at 19:20 on 20 April 1964, showing an evening of light entertainment, starting with the comedy show The Alberts, a performance from Soviet comedian Arkady Raikin, a production of Cole Porter's Kiss Me, culminating with a fireworks display.
However, at around 18:45 a huge power failure, originating from a fire at Battersea Power Station, caused Television Centre, indeed much of west London, to lose all power. BBC1 was able to continue broadcasting via its facilities at Alexandra Palace, but all attempts to show the scheduled programmes on the new channel failed. Associated-Rediffusion, the London weekday ITV franchise-holder, offered to transmit on the BBC's behalf, but their gesture was rejected. At 22:00 programming was postponed until the following morning; as the BBC's news centre at Alexandra Palace was unaffected, they did in fact broadcast brief bulletins on BBC2 that evening, beginning with an announcement by the newsreader Gerald Priestland at around 19:25. There was believed to be no recording made of this bulletin, but a videotape was discovered in early 2003. By 11:00 on 21 April, power had been restored to the studios and programming began, thus making Play School the first programme to be shown on the channel; the launch schedule, postponed from the night before, was successfully shown that evening, albeit with minor changes.
In reference to the power cut, the transmission opened with a shot of a lit candle, sarcastically blown out by presenter Denis Tuohy. To establish the new channel's identity and draw viewers to it, the BBC decided that a promoted, lavish series would be essential in its earliest days; the production chosen was The Forsyte Saga, a no-expense-spared adaptation of the novels by John Galsworthy, featuring well-established actors Kenneth More and Eric Porter. Critically for the future of the fledgling channel, the BBC's gamble was hugely successful, with an average of six million viewers tuning in per episode: a feat made more prominent by the fact that only 9 million were able to receive the channel at the time. Unlike BBC1 and ITV, BBC2 was broadcast only on the 625 line UHF system, so was not available to viewers still using sets on the 405-line VHF system; this created a market for dual standard receivers. Set manufacturers ramped up production of UHF sets in anticipation of a large market demand for the new BBC2, but the market did not materialise.
The early technical problems, which included being unable to transmit US-recorded videotapes due to a lack of system conversion from the US NTSC system, were resolved by a committee headed by James Redmond. On 1 July 1967, during the Wimbledon Championships, BBC2 became the first channel in Europe to begin regular broadcasts in colour, using the PAL system; the thirteen part series Civilisation was created as a celebration of two millennia of western art and culture to showpiece the new colour technology. BBC1 and ITV joined BBC2 on 625-line UHF band, but continued to simulcast on 405-line VHF until 1985. BBC1 and ITV introduced PAL colour on UHF on 15 November 1969, although they both had broadcast some programmes in colour "unofficially" since September 1969. In 1979, the station adopted the first computer-generated channel identification in Britain, with its use of the double striped, orange'2' logo; the ident, created in house by BBC engineers, lasted until March 1986 and heralded the start of computer-generated logos.
As the switch to digital-only terrestrial transmission progressed, BBC Two was the first analogue TV channel to be replaced with the BBC multiplex, at first four two weeks ahead of the other four channels. This was required for those relay transmitters that had no current Freeview service giving vie
Jean-Claude Pascal, born Jean-Claude Villeminot, was a French comedian and singer. After surviving World War II in Strasbourg, Pascal studied at the Sorbonne before turning to fashion-designing for Christian Dior. While working on costumes for the theater production of the play Don Juan, he was exposed to acting, his first acting role was in the film Quattro rose rosse opposite Anouk Aimée, followed by several films including Die schöne Lügnerin with Romy Schneider and Angelique and the Sultan with Michèle Mercier. Pascal won the 1961 Eurovision Song Contest for Luxembourg with the song "Nous les amoureux", with music composed by Jacques Datin and lyrics by Maurice Vidalin, he represented Luxembourg again in the 1981 contest and finished 11th of 20 with the song "C'est peut-être pas l'Amérique", with words and music he composed together with Sophie Makhno and Jean-Claude Petit. "Lili Marleen" "Nous les amoureux" "C'est peut-être pas l'Amérique" Great Man, as L'interne Marcillac Ils étaient cinq, as Philippe Quattro rose rosse, as Pietro Leandri La Forêt de l'adieu, as Jean-Pierre Judgement of God, as Albert III, Duke of Bavaria Le Plus Heureux des hommes, as Michel Brissac The Crimson Curtain, as The officer Un caprice de Caroline chérie, as Livio Children of Love, as Doctor Jacques Baurain Alarm in Morocco, as Jean Pasqier Le Chevalier de la nuit, as Chevalier Georges de Ségar Tempest in the Flesh, as Gino Royal Affairs in Versailles, as Axel von Fersen Flesh and the Woman, as Pierre Martel The Three Thieves, as Gastone Cascarilla Caroline and the Rebels, as Juan d'Aranda / de Sallanches Bad Liaisons, as Blaise Walter Milord l'Arsouille, as Lord Henry Seymour Le Salaire du péché, as Jean de Charvin The Lebanese Mission, as Jean Domèvre Les Lavandières du Portugal, as Jean-François Aubray Guinguette, as Marco Pêcheur d'Islande, as Guillaume Floury Le Fric, as Jacques Moulin Die schöne Lügnerin, as Tsar Alexander I The Opportunists, as Philippe Brideau Préméditation, as Bernard Sommet The Crossroads, as Javier Le Rendez-vous, as Pierre La Salamandre d'or, as Antoine de Montpezat Sans merveille, as Franck Vol 272, as Marc Le Faux Pas, as Robert The Poppy Is Also a Flower, as Galam Khan Comment ne pas épouser un milliardaire, as Commandant Jean Leroy-Dantec Las cuatro bodas de Marisol, as Frank Moore Indomptable Angélique, as Osman Ferradji Angélique et le Sultan, as Osman Ferradji Unter den Dächern von St. Pauli, as Doctor Pasucha Au théâtre ce soir: Les Français à Moscou, as Blanchet Le Temps de vivre, le temps d'aimer, as Jean Moser Le Chirurgien de Saint-Chad, as Doctor Patrick Villaresi Liebe läßt alle Blumen blühen, as Marquis de Formentière Au théâtre ce soir: Adieu Prudence, as Fred Russel Jean-Claude Pascal Myspace Page: https://www.myspace.com/jeanclaudepascal Jean-Claude Pascal on IMDb
Lys Assia was a Swiss singer who won the first Eurovision Song Contest in 1956. Assia was born in Rupperswil and began her stage career as a dancer, but changed to singing in 1940, after standing in for a female singer. In 1956 she was the winner of the first Eurovision Song Contest, she had been in the German national final of that year and returned to the contest again for Switzerland in 1957 and 1958. Her Eurovision success was followed by success in Germany with "O mein Papa". In 2005, Assia performed at the 50th Anniversary of Eurovision. In September 2011, Assia entered her song "C'était ma vie" written by Ralph Siegel and Jean Paul Cara into the Swiss national selection for the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 in Baku, Azerbaijan; the song, only came eighth in a fought national selection. She attended the event in Baku as a guest of honour. In 2012, Assia again entered the Swiss national selection Die grosse Entscheidungs Show to represent Switzerland in Malmö at the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 with the song "All In Your Head" featuring the hip-hop band New Jack.
There were rumours of Assia representing San Marino, but it was announced on 30 January 2013 that Valentina Monetta would do so. Assia married Johann Heinrich Kunz on 11 January 1957 in Zürich. Kunz died just nine months after battling a serious illness, she remarried Oscar Pedersen in 1963, who died in 1995. Assia died on 24 March 2018 in Zürich
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest was a television programme organised by the European Broadcasting Union to commemorate the Eurovision Song Contest's fiftieth anniversary and to determine the Contest's most popular entrant of its fifty years. It took place at Forum, Copenhagen on 22 October 2005; the host broadcaster was Danmarks Radio. Fourteen songs from the Contest's first half-century, chosen through an internet poll and by a jury, contested the event. Thirty-one EBU-member countries broadcast the concert and televoting and juries in these countries decided the winner. A total of 2.5 million votes were cast during the night. The event was hosted by Renārs Kaupers; the event was won by Swedish group ABBA, performing "Waterloo". To coincide with the event, the EBU released two double album CDs featuring Eurovision songs from the previous fifty years. Two DVDs with original Eurovision performances of these songs were released. In November 2002, Jürgen Meier-Beer from the Reference Group of the European Broadcasting Union announced plans to organize a special jubilee concert in 2005 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Eurovision Song Contest.
In June 2004, the EBU announced that it was to hold a concert to celebrate fifty years of the contest. The event was to be held on 16 October 2005 at the Royal Albert Hall in England; the BBC was to be the host broadcaster for the concert. The Royal Albert Hall was unavailable, so in August 2004 the EBU announced that DR would stage the event instead. Eurovision Song Contest supervisor Svante Stockselius said that Denmark's previous experience of hosting Eurovision events were influential in the Union's choice; the event was codenamed Extravaganza. 1998 Eurovision winner Dana International, who appeared at the event went to suggest that the reason behind the change of host country was due to the fact that the BBC wanted to present the show "with humour" as though to poke fun at the Contest, an idea that proved to be less popular with the EBU. The BBC went on to broadcast their own 50th anniversary program, Boom Bang-a-Bang: 50 Years of Eurovision, in May 2006. On 25 October 2004 Copenhagen was confirmed as the host city for the event, now scheduled to take place on 22 October 2005.
In May 2005 Congratulations was confirmed as the official name of the concert. A month DR announced that Forum Copenhagen would host the programme; the chosen venue had hosted the first junior edition of the Eurovision Song Contest in 2003. On 9 September 2005, DR announced that Katrina Leskanich and Renārs Kaupers would present the concert. Leskanich was the lead singer of Katrina and The Waves, who won the Contest for the United Kingdom in 1997. Kaupers is the lead singer of Latvian group Brainstorm, who represented Latvia on its debut in the Contest in 2000. Tickets for the event sold out in just over one hour; the event was attended by an audience of 6,000. Fourteen songs would compete in Congratulations. In May 2005 the EBU opened a poll on its website to decide ten songs. Voters chose their two favourite songs from each of five decades: 1956 to 1965, 1966 to 1975, 1976 to 1985, 1986 to 1995 and 1996 to 2005; the remaining four songs would be selected by the EBU's Reference Group. On 16 June 2005 the fourteen chosen songs were announced, although no indication was given as to, chosen online and which by the Reference Group.
Eleven of the fourteen songs were Eurovision winners. Two countries, the United Kingdom and Ireland, were represented twice on the list. Johnny Logan, who won the Contest twice for Ireland as a singer, had both of his songs featured on the list. All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the first round; the five songs that are marked in orange qualified to the final round. All 31 countries broadcasting the contest voted in the second round; the show started with the traditional Eurovision "Te Deum" theme followed by a message from Cliff Richard. After a quick montage of all 14 songs, the orchestra began playing "Ding-A-Dong", with dancers on stage. "A-Ba-Ni-Bi", "Le dernier qui a parlé...", "Dschinghis Khan" was played and accompanied by choreography, followed by "Love Shine a Light" sung by the co-host, Katrina Leskanich, who came out with flag holders of all the nations who participated in Eurovision. Throughout the telecast, a number of highlights segments were presented which showed montages of various Eurovision performances which were either interesting, notable or unorthodox.
There were 6 assortments, which were under the categories described by the hosts as'past winners','political, larger than life','cute men','unforgettable interpretation of dance','girlpower' and'close/narrow second-place finishers'. A number of high-profile Eurovision artists returned to help introduce and present the show, these were: Carola Häggkvist, Dana International, Birthe Wilke, Anne-Marie David, Sandra Kim, Elisabeth Andreassen, Hanne Krogh, Olsen Brothers, Emilija Kokić, Marie Myriam, Sertab Erener, Elena Paparizou, Nicole & Hugo, Cheryl Baker and Lys Assia. Cliff Richard and Nicole gave pre-recorded messages. During the show, there were many presentations by various guest artists during the voting and tallying period; these consisted of the Finni
"Dansevise" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1963 performed in Danish by Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann representing Denmark. This was the first entry performed by a duo to win the Contest and the first Scandinavian winner; the song was performed eighth on the night, following Finland's Laila Halme with "Muistojeni laulu" and preceding Yugoslavia's Vice Vukov with "Brodovi". At the close of voting, it had received 42 points, thus winning from a field of 16; the song is a moderately up-tempo tune in which the singer hymns the praises of dancing with her "beloved friend". The song was succeeded as contest winner in 1964 by Gigliola Cinquetti performing "Non ho l'età" for Italy, it was succeeded as Danish representative at the 1964 Contest by Bjørn Tidmand with "Sangen om dig". The Danish band Outlandish has made a cover of the song called "Kom igen", featured in the game FIFA 07. DR decided to include "Dansevise" in the opening sequence of the Eurovision Song Contest 2014 Grand Final.
Jörgen Ingmann died on 23 March 2015 in Denmark at the age of 89, after he separated from his wife Grethe in 1975