The Graystone Ballroom was a dance hall located at 4237 Woodward Avenue in Detroit, United States. Billed as "Detroit's Million Dollar Ballroom", it opened its doors on March 7, 1922 with a floorplan designed to hold 3,000 people, making it the largest ballroom of the city at that point, it would become one of the six great ballrooms of the city before the stock market crash of 1929 put a halt to new construction. The others were the Jefferson Ballroom, the Grande Ballroom, the Monticello Ballroom, the Beach Ballroom, the Vanity Ballroom, the Mirror Ballroom. In 1980, after decades of decay and occupation by vandals, the building was demolished. Historic Detroit — Graystone Ballroom
Mississippi is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd most 34th most populous of the 50 United States, it is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Alabama to the east, the Gulf of Mexico and Louisiana to the south, Arkansas and Louisiana to the west. The state's western boundary is defined by the Mississippi River. Jackson, with a population of 167,000 people, is both the state's capital and largest city; the state is forested outside the Mississippi Delta area, the area between the Mississippi and Yazoo rivers. Before the American Civil War, most development in the state was along riverfronts, as the waterways were critical for transportation. Large gangs of slaves were used to work on cotton plantations. After the war, freedmen began to clear the bottomlands to the interior, in the process selling off timber and buying property. By the end of the 19th century, African Americans made up two-thirds of the Delta's property owners, but timber and railroad companies acquired much of the land after the financial crisis, which occurred when blacks were facing increasing racial discrimination and disfranchisement in the state.
Clearing of the land for plantations altered the Delta's ecology, increasing the severity of flooding along the Mississippi by taking out trees and bushes that had absorbed excess waters. Much land is now held by agribusinesses. A rural state with agricultural areas dominated by industrial farms, Mississippi is ranked low or last among the states in such measures as health, educational attainment, median household income; the state's catfish aquaculture farms produce the majority of farm-raised catfish consumed in the United States. Since the 1930s and the Great Migration of African Americans to the North and West, the majority of Mississippi's population has been white, although the state still has the highest percentage of black residents of any U. S. state. From the early 19th century to the 1930s, its residents were majority black, before the American Civil War that population was composed of African-American slaves. Democratic Party whites retained political power through disfranchisement and Jim Crow laws.
In the first half of the 20th century, nearly 400,000 rural blacks left the state for work and opportunities in northern and midwestern cities, with another wave of migration around World War II to West Coast cities. In the early 1960s, Mississippi was the poorest state in the nation, with 86% of its non-whites living below the poverty level. In 2010, 37% of Mississippians were African Americans, the highest percentage of African Americans in any U. S. state. Since regaining enforcement of their voting rights in the late 1960s, most African Americans have supported Democratic candidates in local and national elections. Conservative whites have shifted to the Republican Party. African Americans are a majority in many counties of the Mississippi-Yazoo Delta, an area of historic slave settlement during the plantation era; the state's name is derived from the Mississippi River. Settlers named it after the Ojibwe word misi-ziibi. Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the south by Louisiana and a narrow coast on the Gulf of Mexico.
In addition to its namesake, major rivers in Mississippi include the Big Black River, the Pearl River, the Yazoo River, the Pascagoula River, the Tombigbee River. Major lakes include Ross Barnett Reservoir, Arkabutla Lake, Sardis Lake, Grenada Lake with the largest lake being Sardis Lake. Mississippi is composed of lowlands, the highest point being Woodall Mountain, in the foothills of the Cumberland Mountains, 807 feet above sea level; the lowest point is sea level at the Gulf Coast. The state's mean elevation is 300 feet above sea level. Most of Mississippi is part of the East Gulf Coastal Plain; the coastal plain is composed of low hills, such as the Pine Hills in the south and the North Central Hills. The Pontotoc Ridge and the Fall Line Hills in the northeast have somewhat higher elevations. Yellow-brown loess soil is found in the western parts of the state; the northeast is a region of fertile black earth. The coastline includes large bays at Bay St. Louis and Pascagoula, it is separated from the Gulf of Mexico proper by the shallow Mississippi Sound, sheltered by Petit Bois Island, Horn Island and West Ship Islands, Deer Island, Round Island, Cat Island.
The northwest remainder of the state consists of the Mississippi Delta, a section of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. The plain widens north of Vicksburg; the region has rich soil made up of silt, deposited by the flood waters of the Mississippi River. Areas under the management of the National Park Service include: Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site near Baldwyn Gulf Islands National Seashore Natchez National Historical Park in Natchez Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail in Tupelo Natchez Trace Parkway Tupelo National Battlefield in Tupelo Vicksburg National Military Park and Cemetery in Vicksburg Mississippi City Population Rankings of at least 50,000: Mississippi City Population Rankings of at least 20,000 but fewer than 50,000: Mississippi City Population Rankings of at least 10,000 but fewer than 20,000: Mississippi has a humid
Wayne is a city in Wayne County in the U. S. state of Michigan, west of Detroit. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 17,593. Wayne has a long history of transportation related manufacturing. Ford Motor Company has two plants here; the site of Wayne was crossed by the Sauk Trail, due to this, the area was visited by Potawatomi and French fur traders for years before permanent settlement. The first settler was George M. Johnson, who built a small log cabin on 80 acres of land in 1824; the cabin served as a tavern for travelers along the trail, by known as the Chicago Road. The area soon became known as Johnson's Tavern. After a few years, the tavern was sold to Stephen G. Simmons, who continued to operate the business until he murdered his wife while in a drunken rage. Simmons was arrested and taken to Detroit, where he was tried and hanged September 24, 1830, he became the last person to be executed in Michigan, as the territory abolished capital punishment shortly thereafter. In 1832, Ezra Derby bought the tavern and land from the Simmons heirs and began establishing a settlement.
Derby built a sawmill, mill, blacksmith shop and the first frame dwelling for himself. In 1834, a plat was recorded in Detroit with a town square under the name Derby's Corners. In 1836, the name of the settlement was changed to Wayne, in honor of Revolutionary War General Anthony Wayne. Soon a small hamlet began to develop, accelerated by the arrival of the Michigan Central Railroad in 1838; the Chicago Road that ran through Wayne was paved with oak logs in 1850, becoming the Detroit and Saline Plank Road. In 1867 it was changed to its current name of Michigan Avenue. In 1869, Wayne was incorporated as a village with a population of about 800 people. Many major industries have located in the village over the years; the Prouty and Glass Carriage Factory was the first, moving from Detroit in 1888. At the time, this made Wayne the largest sleigh producer in the country. In 1899, the Detroit interurban railroad reached Wayne and ran until 1929. Ray Harroun, winner of the first Indianapolis 500, built the Harroun motor car in Wayne from 1916-21.
The Gotfredson Truck was produced from 1924–27, The Graham-Paige car company made vehicles in Wayne from 1928-36. Stinson Aircraft was located at the nearby Detroit Industrial Airport and produced small planes from 1926-48; the Michigan Assembly Plant was built in 1957, the Gar-Wood company built garbage trucks and hydraulic equipment from 1947-72. Other major companies located in Wayne include Wayne Industries; the population and industrial production around Wayne increased after World War II. The Wayne-Westland Community School District operates public schools serving the city. Schools with attendance boundaries including the Wayne city limits include:Elementary Schools: Hoover Elementary School Roosevelt-McGrath Elementary School Taft-Galloway Elementary School Elliott Elementary School Hamilton Elementary School Schweitzer Elementary School Walker-Winter Elementary School The Wayne-Westland School District is a sprawling district, financially vulnerable. St. Mary's Catholic SchoolAll residents are zoned to Adams Upper Elementary School in Westland, Benjamin Franklin Middle School in Wayne, Wayne Memorial High School in Wayne, as well as Walker-Winter Elementary School in Canton.
The sole early childhood campus serving the district is the Stottlemyer Early Childhood and Family Development Center in Westland. Library - The Wayne Public Library was founded in 1923 in the back of a shoe store; the book collection was the personal property of the librarian. After occupying several other locations over the years, the library became an operation shared by the cities of Wayne and Westland and occupied a 5,000 sq ft building at Wayne and Sims roads which for many years served a combined population of over 100,000. In 1995, Wayne built its own 24,000 sq ft. prairie-style library building at Veterans' Plaza. The library offers books, CDs, DVDs, computer services, children's programming, other special programs; the Friends of the Wayne Public Library provides supplemental financial support through their book sales and other programs. The semi-autonomous Wayne Library Board comprises five members appointed by City Council. Parks - Wayne is home to 17 neighborhood parks and playgrounds.
An annual fireworks display takes place at Attwood Park. A Goudy Park Concert Series is held during the summer season. Community Center - The community center has an aquatic area, basketball courts, Racquet & Exercise Club, the Oakbridge Suites Banquet Facility; the facility is operated by HYPE. Senior Center - The Senior Center is located at the corner of Wayne and Sims Roads and offers programs to those 50 years and older. Programs include free Legal Aid, the Home Chore Program, free Blood Pressure checks, Meals on Wheels, Telecare services, the Golden Hour Club, Tai Chi, Special Gadabout Van Trip, Sometimes Travelers, Now Showing Movies, Computer classes and many other special events; the city, located on the Lower River Rouge which bisects the city, is bound on the north by Glenwood Road, the west by Hannan Road, the south by Van Born Road, on the east by Merriman Road. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.02 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 17,593 people, 7,055 households, 4,450 fami
Cobo Center Cobo Hall, is a convention center along Jefferson and Washington avenues in downtown Detroit, Michigan. It was named after Albert Cobo, who served as mayor of Detroit from 1950 to 1957. Designed by Gino Rossetti, the center opened in 1960. Expanded in 1989, the present 2,400,000 sq ft complex has 723,000 sq ft of exhibition space, with 623,000 square feet contiguous. Preliminary construction to update and expand the center's exhibition space began October 1, 2009, by the facility's current owner, the Detroit Regional Convention Facility Authority. Along with adjacent Joe Louis Arena, the center is served by the Detroit People Mover with its own station. Cobo Center has several large, attached parking garages, direct access to the Lodge Freeway; the facility is along the Detroit International Riverfront. Cobo Center is the home of the North American International Auto Show, which it hosts each January, Detroit Autorama, which it hosts each March. About 5,000 hotel rooms in downtown Detroit with 4,000 hotel rooms are within walking distance of the center.
From 2018-2020, Cobo Center is hosting the FIRST Championship, an international robotics championship for students. The Center and its attached arena cost $56 million, it took four years to complete. Lou Rossetti was the chief Architect of Vallet; the Center is on the site where Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, a French colonist, first set foot and landed on the banks of the river in July 1701 and claimed the area for France in the name of King Louis XIV. As one of the nation's first large convention centers, Cobo became bigger when renovations and expansions were completed in 1989. At a cost of $225 million, it nearly doubled in size to 2,400,000 square feet and was renamed Cobo Conference/Exhibition Center. Now, Cobo Center offers 723,000 square feet of prime exhibit space in five exhibit halls ranging in size from 100,000 to 200,000 square feet. Cobo's newest design allows the adjoining four exhibit halls on the main floor to form 623,000 square feet of contiguous exhibit space; the latest five-year $279 million renovation, completed in 2015 created a 40,000 square-foot ballroom through the adaptive re-use of the Cobo Arena, includes new meeting rooms, pre-function flex space, a three-story, 30,000 square-foot glass atrium that opens the facility up to views of the Detroit River and Windsor, Ontario.
The first convention at Cobo Center was held in 1960 by the Florists' Telegraph Delivery. The first event was the 43rd Auto Industry Dinner on October 17, 1960 at which President Dwight D. Eisenhower was the keynote speaker. Since 1965, the largest event held in Cobo Center is the North American International Auto Show, occurring annually in January; this event draws thousands of international press and suppliers during its initial five days and has a charity preview party for 11,000 guests the evening before the public opening. Since 1976, the Charity Preview has raised an average of $2.4 million yearly for southeastern Michigan children's charities. After the Charity Preview party, the NAIAS is open to the public for ten days, drawing, on average, 735,000 attendees. Joe Louis Arena, named after boxer and former heavyweight champion Joe Louis, who grew up in Detroit, was built adjacent and connected to the Cobo Center, completed in 1979 at a cost of $57 million, it had a seating capacity of 20,058 and was, until 2017, the home of the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League.
Joe Louis Arena closed in 2017. In 1987, the City of Detroit began operating the Detroit People Mover, an elevated light-rail system, with stations in Cobo Center and Joe Louis Arena; the People Mover connects attendees to all Center events with hotels and restaurants in the Renaissance Center, Bricktown, Times Square, throughout the Detroit Financial District. In January 1994, Cobo Arena was the scene of the attack on Nancy Kerrigan, clubbed in the right knee; the incident took place in a corridor at Cobo Arena, the practice rink for the US Championships which were held in the adjacent Joe Louis Arena. The assault was planned by rival Tonya Harding's ex-husband Jeff Gillooly and co-conspirator Shawn Eckardt. In 2009, Detroit Mayor Ken Cockrel, Jr. vetoed the Detroit City Council's resolution against the expansion of Cobo Center.. The five-member Authority Board consists of one representative from each of five government agencies – the City of Detroit, State of Michigan and the three Metro Detroit counties of Wayne and Macomb.
The DRCFA oversaw a $279 million expansion and upgrade of Cobo Center, completed in 2015. Consensus agreement from the authority is needed for all decisions, it has become a model for regional cooperation in Southeast Michigan. In October 2010, the DRCFA awarded the contract for operations management of Cobo Center to SMG, an international venue management and development company, it extended the contract for three years in September 2013 and again in June 2017. With the impending demolition of adjacent Joe Louis Arena, some had suggested renaming Cobo Center in memory of boxing legend Joe Louis. On February 20, 2019, it was announced that Chemical Bank had purchased the naming rights for Cobo Center, that it would be renamed to TCF Center by the end of year, pending the completion of the merger between Chemical Bank and TCF
Philadelphia, sometimes known colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U. S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth-most populous U. S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863. Since 1854, the city has been coterminous with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U. S. metropolitan statistical area, with over 6 million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is the economic and cultural anchor of the greater Delaware Valley, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis; the Delaware Valley's population of 7.2 million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the Second Continental Congress, the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.
Several other key events occurred in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War including the First Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals during the revolution, served as temporary U. S. capital while Washington, D. C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a railroad hub; the city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015. In the early 20th century, Philadelphia became a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration after the Civil War, as well as Puerto Ricans; the city's population doubled from one million to two million people between 1890 and 1950. The Philadelphia area's many universities and colleges make it a top study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Philadelphia area had a gross domestic product of US$445 billion in 2017, the eighth-largest metropolitan economy in the United States.
Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a market of 81,900 commercial properties in 2016, including several nationally prominent skyscrapers. Philadelphia has more outdoor murals than any other American city. Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the same watershed, is one of the largest contiguous urban park areas in the United States; the city is known for its arts, culture and colonial history, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who spent US$6.8 billion, generating an estimated $11 billion in total economic impact in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has emerged as a biotechnology hub. Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States Marine Corps, is the home of many U. S. firsts, including the first library, medical school, national capital, stock exchange and business school. Philadelphia contains 67 National Historic Landmarks and the World Heritage Site of Independence Hall.
The city became a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities in 2015, as the first World Heritage City in the United States. Although Philadelphia is undergoing gentrification, the city maintains mitigation strategies to minimize displacement of homeowners in gentrifying neighborhoods. Before Europeans arrived, the Philadelphia area was home to the Lenape Indians in the village of Shackamaxon; the Lenape are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government. They are called Delaware Indians, their historical territory was along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island, the Lower Hudson Valley. Most Lenape were pushed out of their Delaware homeland during the 18th century by expanding European colonies, exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases smallpox, violent conflict with Europeans. Iroquois people fought the Lenape. Surviving Lenape moved west into the upper Ohio River basin; the American Revolutionary War and United States' independence pushed them further west.
In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory under the Indian removal policy. In the 21st century, most Lenape reside in Oklahoma, with some communities living in Wisconsin, in their traditional homelands. Europeans came to the Delaware Valley in the early 17th century, with the first settlements founded by the Dutch, who in 1623 built Fort Nassau on the Delaware River opposite the Schuylkill River in what is now Brooklawn, New Jersey; the Dutch considered the entire Delaware River valley to be part of their New Netherland colony. In 1638, Swedish settlers led by renegade Dutch established the colony of New Sweden at Fort Christina and spread out in the valley. In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their military defeat of the English colony of Maryland. In 1648, the Dutch built Fort Beversreede on the west bank of the Delaware, south of the Schuylkill near the present-day Eastwick neighborhood, to reassert their dominion over the area.
The Swedes responded by building Fort Nya Korsholm, or New Korsholm, named after a town in Finland with a Swedish majority. In 1655, a
Battle Creek, Michigan
Battle Creek is a city in the U. S. state of Michigan, in northwest Calhoun County, at the confluence of the Kalamazoo and Battle Creek rivers. It is the principal city of the Battle Creek, Michigan Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Calhoun County; as of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 52,347, while the MSA's population was 136,146. In about 1774, the Potawatomi and the Ottawa Native American tribes formed a joint village near the future Battle Creek, Michigan. Battle Creek was named for a minor encounter on March 14, 1824, between a federal government land survey party led by Colonel John Mullett and two Potawatomi Indians, who had approached the survey camp asking for food, they were hungry because the Army was late in delivering the supplies promised them by the treaty of 1820. After a protracted discussion, the Native Americans tried to steal food. One of the surveyors grabbed his rifle and shot one of the Potawatomies wounding him. Following the encounter, the surveyors retreated to Detroit.
Surveyors would not return to the area until June 1825, after Governor Lewis Cass had settled the issues with the Native Americans. Early white settlers called the nearby stream the Battle Creek River, the town took its name from that. Native Americans had called the river Waupakisco. By this account, the name Waupakisco or Waupokisco was a reference to an earlier battle fought between Native American tribes before the arrival of white settlers. However, Virgil J. Vogel establishes that this native term had "nothing to do with blood or battle". Following removal of the Potawatomi to a reservation, the first permanent white settlements in Battle Creek Township began about 1831. Migration had increased to Michigan from New York and New England following the completion of the Erie Canal in New York in 1824. Most settlers chose to locate on the Goguac prairie, fertile and cultivated. A post office was opened in Battle Creek in 1832 under Postmaster Pollodore Hudson; the first school was taught in a small log house about 1833 or 1834.
Asa Langley built the first sawmill in 1837. A brick manufacturing plant, called the oldest enterprise in the township, was established in 1840 by Simon Carr, operated until 1903; the township was established by act of the legislature in 1839. In the antebellum era, the city was a major stop on the Underground Railroad, used by fugitive slaves to escape to freedom in Michigan and Canada, it was the chosen home of noted abolitionist Sojourner Truth after her escape from slavery. Battle Creek figured prominently in the early history of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, it was the site of a Protestant church founding convention in 1863. The denomination's first hospital and publishing office would constructed in the city; when the hospital and publishing office burned down in 1902, the church elected to decentralize, most of its institutions were relocated. The first Adventist church is still in operation. World Heavyweight Champion Jack Johnson was once arrested here for marrying his White wife and transporting her across state lines.
The city was noted for its focus on health reform during the late early 1900s. The Battle Creek Sanitarium was founded by Dr. John Harvey Kellogg. In addition to some of his sometimes bizarre treatments that were featured in the movie The Road to Wellville, Kellogg funded organizations that promoted eugenics theories at the core of their philosophical agenda; the Better Race Institute was one of these organizations. He supported the "separate but equal" philosophy and invited Booker T. Washington to speak at the Battle Creek Sanitarium in order to raise money. Washington was the author of the speech "The Atlanta Compromise", which solidified his position of being an accommodationist while providing a mechanism for southern Whites, to fund his school. W. K. Kellogg had worked for his brother in a variety of capacities at the B. C. Sanitarium. Tired of living in his brother's shadow, he struck out on his own, going to the boom-towns surrounding the oilfields in Oklahoma as a broom salesman. Having failed, he returned to work as an assistant to his brother.
While working at the sanitariums' laboratory, W. K. spilled liquefied corn meal on a heating device that cooked the product and rendered it to flakes. He added milk to them, he was able to get his brother to allow him to give some of the product to some of the patients at the sanitarium, the patients' demand for the product exceeded his expectations to the point that W. K made the decision to leave the sanitarium. Along with some investors, he built a factory to satisfy the demand for his "corn flakes"; as W. K. Kellogg's wealth began to exceed his brother's, he funded some of his projects that were at the sanitarium. One of these was a eugenics-based organization. During this time, John Harvey Kellogg became a Freemason. One of the tenets of the fraternity is that "Masonry recognizes the internal character of a man, not the external". John Harvey Kellogg stopped funding his brother's projects and established equal pay policies in his company, he led desegregation efforts by allowing black children to swim in his home pool.
He funded many school and philanthropic projects throughout the city, founded Andrews University in Berrien Springs, Michigan. It was during this time of going their separate ways for good that Dr. John Harvey Kellogg sued his brother for copyright infringement; the U. S. Supreme court ruled in W. K. Kellogg's favor. Inspired by Kellogg's innovation, C. W. Post invented Grape-Nuts and founded his own cereal company in the town. Battle Creek has been nick
The Philadelphia Arena was an auditorium used for sporting events located at 46th and Market Streets in West Philadelphia. The address of the building named the Philadelphia Ice Palace and Auditorium, was 4530 Market Street; the building stood next to. It was built by George F. Pawling, of George F. Co.. Engineers and Contractors, opened on Saturday, February 14, 1920 with a college hockey game between Yale and Princeton Tigers. One of the first teams to make the Arena home was the Yale University men's ice hockey team. Yale played home games in Philadelphia. During the 1920–1921 season, Yale and Penn made the Arena their home ice. Jules Mastbaum, owner of a movie theater chain, acquired the building in 1925 and renamed it the Arena. In 1927 the Arena was purchased by Rudy Fried and Maurice Fishman who operated the facility until 1934, when their partnership was placed in receivership. In 1929, Peter A. Tyrrell joined the Arena as boxing matchmaker and subsequently became the facility's publicist.
In 1934 Tyrrell was named a friendly receiver-in-equity by a federal judge. Tyrrell became general manager of the Arena and served in that capacity until 1958, returning the corporation to profitability and enriching the variety of public entertainment; the arena was the site of several historic sporting events, including the professional debut of Sonja Henie, fresh from her triumph in the 1936 Winter Olympics. Roy Rogers, cowboy movie star, performed in his first rodeo at the Philadelphia arena in 1943; the Roy Rogers Rodeo played the Arena every season for more than 20 years, in 1946, when a young cowgirl died after riding a bucking bronco, her funeral was held there. Rogers and the Sons of Pioneers sang "Roundup in the Sky", after the closing prayer, everybody rode out to the cemetery, it was the home of the Philadelphia Sports Writers Association Banquet. Professionally, the arena was the home of the Philadelphia Quakers of the NHL in their only season, 1930–1931, as well as home ice for several minor league hockey teams such as the Philadelphia Arrows, Philadelphia Ramblers, the Philadelphia Comets, the Philadelphia Falcons/Philadelphia Rockets and the Philadelphia Ramblers, as well as the Philadelphia Warriors and part-time home of the Philadelphia 76ers of the NBA when the Philadelphia Convention Center was unavailable.
The arena was a major venue for boxing and wrestling before the opening of the Spectrum. Throughout the history of the Arena, such legends as Sugar Ray Robinson, Lew Tendler, Gene Tunney, Joe Frazier and Primo Carnera fought there. Several championship wrestling matches occurred there, both for the NWA and the WWWF. Roller Derby was held there, through the team named the Philadelphia Warriors, not connected with the basketball team, owned by Bill Griffiths, the owner of the Los Angeles Thunderbirds and Roller Games; the Arena was not used as much for political and other events, as those events tended to be held at Convention Hall. However, many of the city's mayoral inauguration parties were held there. Evangelist Billy Sunday spoke there, before the United States entered World War II, Charles A. Lindbergh gave a speech before an America First Committee Meeting. In 1947 the Arena was sold to Triangle Publications, along with the NBA franchise and the Philadelphia Warriors Basketball team; this transaction made TV station WFIL-TV, owned by Triangle Publications, the first joint ownership of a major professional sports team and TV station.
In 1958, a group headed by Tyrrell purchased the Arena from the Walter Annenberg Foundation, to which ownership had been transferred by Triangle Publications. At the time of Tyrrell's retirement in 1965, the Arena building was sold at auction to James Toppi Enterprises, a sports promotion concern; the building fell out of popular use in the 1970s, due to the building of the Spectrum in 1967. In 1977, the deteriorating building was auctioned off, it was renamed in honor of Martin Luther King. In 1980, the Continental Basketball Association's Lancaster Red Roses relocated to the newly named Martin Luther King, Jr. Arena and became the Philadelphia Kings; the Kings were coached by longtime 76er and Basketball Hall of Famer Hal Greer and led on the court by former NBA superstar Cazzie Russell. The franchise lasted just one season at the legendary arena before returning to Lancaster; the arena was destroyed by arson on August 24, 1983. As of 2007, the former site of the arena now contains a housing complex, adjacent to the former TV studio which has become the Ron Brown Commerce Center.