James Hugh Calum Laurie, is an English actor, singer, musician and author. Laurie first gained recognition for his work as one half of the comedy double act Fry and Laurie with his friend and comedy partner Stephen Fry, whom he met through their mutual friend Emma Thompson whilst attending Cambridge University, where Laurie was president of the Cambridge Footlights; the duo acted together in a number of projects during the 1980s and 1990s, including the sketch comedy series A Bit of Fry & Laurie and the P. G. Wodehouse adaptation Jeeves and Wooster. Laurie's other roles during the period include the period comedy series Blackadder and the films Sense and Sensibility, 101 Dalmatians, The Borrowers and Stuart Little. Laurie portrayed the title character in the U. S. medical drama series House on Fox, for which he won two Golden Globe Awards. He was listed in the 2011 Guinness World Records as the most watched leading man on television and was one of the highest-paid actors in a television drama, earning £250,000 per episode of House.
Laurie portrayed the antagonist Richard Onslow Roper in the miniseries The Night Manager, for which he won his third Golden Globe Award, Senator Tom James in the HBO sitcom Veep, for which he received his 10th Emmy Award nomination. He played the lead role of forensic psychiatrist Dr. Eldon Chance in the Hulu series Chance. Outside acting, Laurie has released two blues albums, Let Them Talk and Didn't It Rain, both to favourable reviews, has authored a novel, The Gun Seller, published in 1996. Among his honours, Laurie has won three Golden Globe Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards and has been nominated for ten Primetime Emmy Awards, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2016. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2007 New Year Honours and Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2018 New Year Honours, both for services to drama. James Hugh Calum Laurie was born on 11 June 1959 in Blackbird Leys, the youngest of four children of Patricia and William George Ranald Mundell "Ran" Laurie, a physician and winner of an Olympic gold medal in the coxless pairs at the 1948 London Games.
He has an older brother, Charles Alexander Lyon Mundell Laurie, two older sisters and Janet. He had a strained relationship with his mother, he notes that she was "Presbyterian by character, by mood" and that he was "a frustration to her... she didn't like me". She died from motor neurone disease at the age of 73, in 1989, when Laurie was 30. According to Laurie, she endured the disease for two years and suffered "painful, plodding paralysis" while being cared for by Laurie's father, whom he called "the sweetest man in the whole world". Laurie's parents, who were both of Scottish descent, attended St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of England in Oxford, he notes that "belief in God didn't play a large role" in his home, but "a certain attitude to life and the living of it did". He followed this by stating, "Pleasure was something, treated with great suspicion, pleasure was something that... I was going to say it had to be earned but the earning of it didn't work, it was something to this day, I mean, I carry that with me.
I find pleasure a difficult thing. He stated, "I don't believe in God, but I have this idea that if there were a God, or destiny of some kind looking down on us, that if he saw you taking anything for granted he'd take it away."Laurie was brought up in Oxford and attended the Dragon School from ages seven to 13 and stated, "I was, in truth, a horrible child. Not much given to things of a bookey nature, I spent a large part of my youth smoking Number Six and cheating in French vocabulary tests." He went on to Eton College, which he describes as "the most private of private schools". He arrived at Selwyn College, Cambridge in autumn 1978 and says he attended "as a result of family tradition" since his father went there. Laurie notes that his father was a successful rower at Cambridge and that he was "trying to follow in his father's footsteps", he read archaeology and anthropology, specialising in social anthropology, graduating with a third class degree. Like his father, Laurie rowed at university.
In 1977, he was a member of the junior coxed pair that won the British national title before representing Britain's Youth Team at the 1977 Junior World Rowing Championships. In 1980, Laurie and his rowing partner, J. S. Palmer, were runners-up in the Silver Goblets coxless pairs for Eton Vikings rowing club. Laurie achieved a Blue while taking part in the 1980 Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. Cambridge lost that year by five feet. During this time, Laurie was training for up to eight hours a day and was on course to become an Olympic-standard rower. Laurie is a member of one of the oldest rowing clubs in the world, he was a member of the Hermes Club and the Hawks' Club. Forced to abandon rowing during a bout of glandular fever, Laurie joined the Cambridge Footlights, a university dramatic club that has produced many well-known actors and comedians. There he met Emma Thompson, she introduced him to Stephen Fry. Laurie and Thompson parodied themselves as the University Challenge representatives of "Footlights College, Oxbridge" in "Bambi", an episode of The Young Ones, with the series' co-writer Ben Elton completing their team.
In 1980–81, his final year at university, besides rowing, Laurie was president of the Footlights, with Thompson as vic
The Smiths were an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1982. The band consisted of vocalist Morrissey, guitarist Johnny Marr, bassist Andy Rourke and drummer Mike Joyce. Critics have called them one of the most important bands to emerge from the British independent music scene of the 1980s. In 2002, NME named the Smiths "the artists to have had the most influence on the NME". In 2003, four of the band's albums appeared on Rolling Stone's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Based on the songwriting partnership of Morrissey and Marr, the group signed to the independent record label Rough Trade Records, on which they released four studio albums, they have released several compilations and numerous non-album singles. They had several singles reach the top twenty of the UK Singles Chart and all four of their studio albums reached the top five of the UK Albums Chart, including Meat Is Murder which hit number one, they remain cult favourites. The band have turned down several offers to reunite.
The band's focus on a guitar and drum sound and their fusion of 1960s rock and post-punk, were a rejection of the then-popular, synthesiser-based dance-pop. Marr's guitar work, using a Rickenbacker, had a jangle pop sound reminiscent of Roger McGuinn of the Byrds. Morrissey's complex, literate lyrics combined themes about ordinary people with mordant humour. On 31 August 1978, a 19-year-old Morrissey was introduced to the 14-year-old Johnny Marr by mutual acquaintances Billy Duffy and Howard Bates at a Patti Smith gig held at Manchester's Apollo Theatre. In May 1982 Marr decided that he wanted to establish a new band, subsequently turned up on the doorstep of Morrissey's house – 384 Kings Road, Stretford – accompanied by mutual friend Steve Pomfret, to ask Morrissey if he was interested in founding a band with himself and Pomfret. A fan of the New York Dolls, Marr had been impressed that Morrissey had authored a book on the band, was inspired to turn up on his doorstep following the example of Jerry Leiber, who had formed his working partnership with Mike Stoller after turning up at the latter's door.
According to Morrissey: "We got on famously. We were similar in drive." Conversing, the two found. The next day, Morrissey phoned Marr to confirm that he would be interested in forming a band with him. A few days Morrissey and Marr held their first rehearsal in Marr's rented attic room in Bowdon. Morrissey provided the lyrics for "Don't Blow Your Own Horn", the first song; the next song that they worked on was "The Hand That Rocks the Cradle", which again was based on lyrics produced by Morrissey. Marr included a tempo, based on the Patti Smith song "Kimberly", they recorded it on Marr's TEAC three-track cassette recorder; the third track that the duo worked on was "Suffer Little Children". Alongside these original compositions, Morrissey suggested that the band produce a cover of "I Want a Boy for My Birthday", a song by the 1960s American girl band the Cookies. By the end of the summer of 1982 Morrissey had chosen the band name "the Smiths" informing an interviewer that "it was the most ordinary name and I thought it was time that the ordinary folk of the world showed their faces".
Around the time of the band's formation, Morrissey decided that he would be publicly known only by his surname, with Marr referring to him as "Mozzer" or "Moz". In 1983 he forbade those around him from using the name "Steven". After remaining with the band for several rehearsals, Pomfret departed acrimoniously, he was replaced by the bass player Dale Hibbert, who worked at Manchester's Decibel Studios, where Marr had met him while recording Freak Party's demo. It was through Hibbert that the Smiths were able to record their first demo at Decibel, doing so one night in August 1982. Aided by drummer Simon Wolstencroft, whom Marr had worked with in Freak Party, the band recorded both "The Hand That Rocks the Cradle" and "Suffer Little Children". Wolstencroft was not interested in joining the band, so auditions were held to find a permanent drummer, which resulted in Mike Joyce joining them. Meanwhile, Morrissey took the demo recording to Factory Records, but Factory's Tony Wilson wasn't interested.
In October 1982 the Smiths gave their first public performance as a support act for Blue Rondo à la Turk during a student music and fashion show, "An Evening of Pure Pleasure", at Manchester's The Ritz venue. During the performance, they played both their own compositions and "I Want a Boy for My Birthday". Morrissey had organised the gig's aesthetic. Maker remained onstage during the performance, relating that "I was given a pair of maracas – an optional extra – and carte blanche. There were no instructions – I think it was accepted I would improvise... I was there to drink red wine, make extraneous hand gestures and keep well within the tight, chalked circle that Morrissey had drawn around me." Hibbert however was unhappy with.
Paul Leroy Robeson was an American bass baritone concert artist and stage and film actor who became famous both for his cultural accomplishments and for his political activism. Educated at Rutgers College and Columbia University, he was a star athlete in his youth, he studied Swahili and linguistics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London in 1934. His political activities began with his involvement with unemployed workers and anti-imperialist students whom he met in Britain and continued with support for the Loyalist cause in the Spanish Civil War and his opposition to fascism. In the United States he became active in the Civil Rights Movement and other social justice campaigns, his sympathies for the Soviet Union and for communism, his criticism of the United States government and its foreign policies, caused him to be blacklisted during the McCarthy era. In 1915, Robeson won an academic scholarship to Rutgers College, where he was twice named a consensus All-American and was the class valedictorian.
80 years he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. He received his LL. B. from Columbia Law School, while playing in the National Football League. At Columbia, he acted in off-campus productions. After graduating, he became a figure in the Harlem Renaissance with performances in The Emperor Jones and All God's Chillun Got Wings. Between 1925 and 1961, Robeson recorded and released some 276 distinct songs, many of which were recorded several times; the first of these were the spirituals "Steal Away" backed with "Were You There" in 1925. Robeson's recorded repertoire spanned many styles, including Americana, popular standards, classical music, European folk songs, political songs and spoken excerpts from plays. Robeson performed in Britain in a touring melodrama, Voodoo, in 1922, in Emperor Jones in 1925, scored a major success in the London premiere of Show Boat in 1928, settling in London for several years with his wife Eslanda. While continuing to establish himself as a concert artist, Robeson starred in a London production of Othello, the first of three productions of the play over the course of his career.
He gained attention in the film production of Show Boat and other films such as Sanders of the River and The Proud Valley. During this period, Robeson became attuned to the sufferings of people of other cultures, notably the British working class and the colonized peoples of the British Empire, he advocated for Republican forces during the Spanish Civil War and became active in the Council on African Affairs. Returning to the United States in 1939, during World War II Robeson supported the American and Allied war efforts. However, his history of supporting civil rights causes and pro-Soviet policies brought scrutiny from the FBI. After the war ended, the CAA was placed on the Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations and Robeson was investigated during the age of McCarthyism. Due to his decision not to recant his public advocacy, he was denied a passport by the U. S. State Department, his income plummeted, he moved to Harlem and from 1950 to 1955 published a periodical called Freedom, critical of United States policies.
His right to travel was restored as a result of the 1958 United States Supreme Court decision, Kent v. Dulles. In the early 1960s he retired and lived the remaining years of his life in Philadelphia. Paul Leroy Robeson was born in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1898, to Reverend William Drew Robeson and Maria Louisa Bustill, his mother, Maria was from a prominent Quaker family of mixed ancestry. His father, was of Igbo origin and was born into slavery, William escaped from a plantation in his teens and became the minister of Princeton's Witherspoon Street Presbyterian Church in 1881. Robeson had three brothers: William Drew Jr. Reeve, Ben. In 1900, a disagreement between William and white financial supporters of Witherspoon arose with apparent racial undertones, which were prevalent in Princeton. William, who had the support of his black congregation, resigned in 1901; the loss of his position forced him to work menial jobs. Three years when Robeson was six, his mother, nearly blind, died in a house fire.
William became financially incapable of providing a house for himself and his children still living at home and Paul, so they moved into the attic of a store in Westfield, New Jersey. William found a stable parsonage at the St. Thomas A. M. E. Zion in 1910, where Robeson would fill in for his father during sermons. In 1912, Robeson attended Somerville High School in Somerville, New Jersey, where he performed in Julius Caesar and Othello, sang in the chorus, excelled in football, basketball and track, his athletic dominance elicited racial taunts. Prior to his graduation, he won a statewide academic contest for a scholarship to Rutgers, he took a summer job as a waiter in Narragansett Pier, Rhode Island, where he befriended Fritz Pollard to be the first African-American coach in the National Football League. In late 1915, Robeson became the third African-American student enrolled at Rutgers, the only one at the time, he tried out for the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team, his resolve to make the squad was tested as his teammates engaged in excessive play, during which his nose was broken and his shoulder dislocated.
The coach, Foster Sanford, decided he had overcome the provocation and announced that he had made the team. Robeson joined the debating team and sang off-campus for spending money, on-campus with the G
The Andrews Sisters
The Andrews Sisters were an American close harmony singing group of the swing and boogie-woogie eras. The group consisted of three sisters: contralto LaVerne Sophia, soprano Maxene Anglyn, mezzo-soprano Patricia Marie "Patty". Throughout their career, the sisters sold over 75 million records, their 1941 hit "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" can be considered an early example of rhythm and blues or jump blues. Other songs associated with the Andrews Sisters include their first major hit, "Bei Mir Bist Du Schön", "Beer Barrel Polka", "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar", "Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree", "Rum and Coca Cola", which helped introduce American audiences to calypso; the Andrews Sisters' harmonies and songs are still influential today, have been copied and recorded by entertainers such as Bette Midler, Christina Aguilera and others. The group was among the inaugural inductees to the Vocal Group Hall of Fame upon its opening in 1998. Writing for Bloomberg, Mark Schoifet said the sisters became the most popular female vocal group of the first half of the 20th century.
They are still acclaimed today for their famous close harmonies. They were inducted into the Minnesota Rock/Country Hall of Fame in May 2006; the sisters were born to Peter Olga. Patty, the youngest and the lead singer of the group, was 7 when the group was formed, 12 when they won first prize at a talent contest at the local Orpheum Theatre in Minneapolis, where LaVerne played piano accompaniment for the silent film showings in exchange for free dancing lessons for herself and her sisters. Following the collapse of their father's Minneapolis restaurant, the sisters went on the road to support the family, they started their career as imitators of an earlier successful singing group, the Boswell Sisters, who were popular in the 1930s. After singing with various dance bands and touring in vaudeville with the likes of Leon Belasco, comic bandleader Larry Rich, they first came to national attention with their recordings and radio broadcasts in 1937, most notably via their major Decca record hit, "Bei Mir Bist Du Schön" a Yiddish tune, the lyrics of which Sammy Cahn had translated to English and "which the girls harmonized to perfection."
They followed this success with a string of best-selling records over the next two years and they became a household name by the 1940s. Instrumental to the sisters' success over the years were their parents and Peter, their orchestra leader and musical arranger, Vic Schoen, Jack and David Kapp, who founded Decca Records. In the years just before and during World War II, the Andrews Sisters were at the height of their popularity, the group still tends to be associated in the public's mind with the war years, they had numerous hit records during these years, both on their own and in collaboration with Bing Crosby. Some of these hits had service or military related themes, including "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy", "Three Little Sisters", "Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree", "A Hot Time In the Town of Berlin" and "Rum and Coca Cola"; the sisters performed their hits in service comedy films like Private Buckaroo. During the war, they entertained the Allied forces extensively in Africa, Italy, as well as in the U.
S. visiting Army, Navy and Coast Guard bases, war zones and munitions factories. They encouraged U. S. citizens to purchase war bonds with their rendition of Irving Berlin's song "Any Bonds Today?". They helped actress Bette Davis and actor John Garfield found California's famous Hollywood Canteen, a welcome retreat for servicemen where the trio performed, volunteering their personal time to sing and dance for the soldiers and marines. While touring, they treated three random servicemen to dinner when they were dining out, they recorded a series of Victory Discs for distribution to Allied fighting forces only, again volunteering their time for studio sessions for the Music Branch, Special Service Division, of the Army Service Forces, they were dubbed the "Sweethearts of the Armed Forces Radio Service" for their many appearances on shows such as "Command Performance", "Mail Call", "G. I. Journal."The sisters' 1945 hit "Rum and Coca Cola" became one of their most popular and best-known recordings, but inspired some controversy.
Some radio stations were reluctant to play the record because it mentioned a commercial product by name, because the lyrics were subtly suggestive of local women prostituting themselves to U. S. servicemen serving at the naval base on Trinidad. The song was based on a Trinidadian calypso, a dispute over its provenance led to a well-publicized court case; the sisters told biographers that they were asked to record the tune on short notice and were unaware either of the copyright issue or of the implications of the lyrics. An ad in the 1951'Radio Annual' showed photos of the Andrews as children, as contemporary singers, as old women in the then-future year of 1975, although the act would not make it that long. In the 1950s, Patty Andrews decided to break away from the act to be a soloist, she had married the trio's pianist, Walter Weschler, who became the group's manager and demanded more mo
Eddie Fisher (singer)
Edwin John "Eddie" Fisher was an American singer and actor. He was one of the most popular artists during the first half of the 1950s, selling millions of records and hosting his own TV show. Fisher divorced his first wife, actress Debbie Reynolds, to marry Reynolds' best friend, actress Elizabeth Taylor, after Taylor's husband, film producer Mike Todd, was killed in a plane crash; the scandalous affair was reported, bringing unfavorable publicity to Fisher. He married Connie Stevens. Fisher fathered Carrie Fisher and Todd Fisher with Reynolds, Joely Fisher and Tricia Leigh Fisher with Stevens. Fisher was born in Philadelphia, the fourth of seven children born to Gitte and Joseph Tisch, who were Russian-Jewish immigrants, his father's surname was Tisch, but was changed to Fisher by the time of the 1940 census. To his family, Fisher was always called "Sonny Boy", a nickname derived from the song of the same name in Al Jolson's film The Singing Fool. Fisher attended Thomas Junior High School, South Philadelphia High School, Simon Gratz High School.
It was known at an early age that he had talent as a vocalist, he started singing in numerous amateur contests, which he won. He made his radio debut on a local Philadelphia radio station, he performed on Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts, a popular radio show that moved to television. Because he became a local star, Fisher dropped out of high school in the middle of his senior year to pursue his career. By 1946, Fisher was crooning with the bands of Charlie Ventura, he was heard in 1949 by Eddie Cantor at Grossinger's Catskill Resort Hotel in the Borscht Belt. Cantor's so-called discovery of Fisher was described as a contrived, "manipulated' arrangement by Milton Blackstone, Grossinger's publicity director. After performing on Cantor's radio show he gained nationwide exposure, he signed a recording contract with RCA Victor. Fisher was drafted into the U. S. Army in 1951, sent to Fort Hood, Texas for basic training, served a year in Korea. From 1952 to 1953, he was the official vocal soloist for The United States Army Band and a tenor section member in the United States Army Band Chorus assigned at Fort Myer in the Washington, D.
C. Military District. During his active duty period, he made occasional guest television appearances, in uniform, introduced as "PFC Eddie Fisher". After his discharge, he began to sing in top nightclubs and had a variety television series, Coke Time with Eddie Fisher on NBC. Fisher appeared on The Perry Como Show, Club Oasis, The Martha Raye Show, The Gisele MacKenzie Show, The Chesterfield Supper Club and The George Gobel Show, starred in another series, The Eddie Fisher Show. Fisher's strong and melodious tenor made him a teen idol and one of the most popular singers of the early 1950s, he had 17 songs in the Top 10 on the music charts between 1950 and 1956 and 35 in the Top 40. In 1956, Fisher costarred with then-wife Debbie Reynolds in the musical comedy Bundle of Joy, he played a dramatic role in the 1960 drama Butterfield 8 with second wife Elizabeth Taylor. His best friend was showman and producer Mike Todd, who died in a plane crash in 1958. Fisher's affair, divorce from Reynolds, subsequent marriage to Taylor, Todd's widow, caused a show business scandal.
Due to the unfavorable publicity surrounding the affair and divorce, NBC canceled Fisher's television series in March 1959. Beginning in fall 1959, he established two scholarships at Brandeis University, one for classical and one for popular music, in the name of Eddie Cantor. In 1960, he was dropped by RCA Victor and recorded on his own label, Ramrod Records, he recorded for Dot Records. During this time, he had the first commercial recording of "Sunrise, Sunset" from Fiddler on the Roof; this technically counts as the biggest standard Fisher can claim credit for introducing, although it is associated with him. He recorded the albums Eddie Fisher Today and Young and Foolish; the Dot contract was not successful in record sales terms, he returned to RCA Victor and had a minor single hit in 1966 with the song "Games That Lovers Play" with Nelson Riddle, which became the title of his best selling album. When Fisher was at the height of his popularity, in the mid-1950s, rather than albums, were the primary medium for issuing recordings.
His last album for RCA Victor was an Al Jolson tribute, You Ain't Heard Nothin' Yet, released in 1968. In 1983 he attempted a comeback tour but this was not a success. Eddie Fisher's last released album was recorded around 1984 on the Bainbridge record label. Fisher tried to stop the album from being released; the album was arranged by Angelo DiPippo. DiPippo, a world-renowned arranger, worked with Eddie countless hours to better his vocals but it became useless, his final recordings were made in 1995 with the London Philharmonic Orchestra. According to arranger-conductor Vincent Falcone in his 2005 autobiography, Frankly: Just Between Us, these tracks were "the best singing of his life." Fisher performed in top concert halls all over the United States and headlined in major Las Vegas showrooms. He headlined at the Palace Theater in New York City as well as London's Palladium. Fisher created interest as a pop culture icon. Betty Johnson's "I Want Eddie Fisher For Christmas", containing references to a number of hit songs, reached #28 in the Music Vendor national survey during an 11-week chart run in late 1954.
Fisher has two stars on
L. Wolfe Gilbert
Louis Wolfe Gilbert was a Russian-born American songwriter of Tin Pan Alley. Born in Odessa, Russian Empire, Gilbert moved to the United States as a young man. Gilbert began his career touring with John L. Sullivan and singing in a quartet at small Coney Island café called "College Inn", where he was discovered by English producer Albert Decourville. Decourville brought him to London as part of The Ragtime Octet. Gilbert's first songwriting success came in 1912 when F. A. Mills Music Publishers published his song Waiting For the Robert E. Lee. Gilbert wrote both the words and music to "Down Yonder", a sequel to "Waiting for the Robert E. Lee". "Down Yonder" has become something of a standard as an instrumental, though the lyrics are performed. He joined ASCAP in 1924. Gilbert moved to Hollywood in 1929, began writing for film and radio. During the 1930s, Gilbert worked on Cuban songs; some of these hits for which he wrote English lyrics include The Peanut Vendor, Mama Inez, Maria My Own. Gilbert wrote the theme lyrics for the popular children's Television Western Hopalong Cassidy, which first aired in 1949 on NBC.
He was an innovator in his field, having been one of the first songwriters to begin publishing and promoting a catalog of his own works. He served as the director of ASCAP from 1941 to 1944, again in 1953, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. Known as "Wolfie," Gilbert and his wife Rose lived in Beverly Hills and he and his family were members of Temple Israel of Hollywood, he died in Los Angeles, California on July 12, 1970. His original gravesite was at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City but he was reinterred at Forest Lawn Cemetery near Palm Springs, California. 1912 Waiting For The Robert E. Lee 1912 Hitchy-Koo 1912 Ragging The Baby To Sleep 1912 Take Me To That Swanee Shore 1913 Mammy Jinny's Mubilee 1914 By Heck 1914 She's Dancing Her Heart Away 1915 My Sweet Adair 1916 I Miss You Miss America 1916 I've Got the Army Blues 1916 My Hawaiian Sunrise 1917 Are You From Heaven? 1917 Camouflage 1917 Lily Of The Valley 1917 Set Aside Your Tears 1921 Down Yonder 1924 O, Katharina 1925 Don't Wake Me Up, Let Me Dream 1925 I Miss My Swiss 1926 Hello, How Are You?
1928 Are You Thinking Of Me Tonight? 1928 Ramona 1928 Jeannine, I Dream of Lilac Time, recorded by over a hundred artists 1928 Zindele Meins the Yiddish version of "Sonny Boy" sung by Pesach Burstein 1931 Marta r. 1931 Mama Inez 1912 The Girl from Brighton 1912-1913 Broadway to Paris 1916-1917 The Century Girl 1917 Doing Our Bit 1919 Oh, What A Girl! 1931 The Singing Rabbi BibliographyFirmat, Gustavo Pérez. The Havana Habit. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300168761. Shaw, Arnold; the Jazz Age: Popular Music in the 1920's. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195038916. Bierley, Paul E.. The heritage encyclopedia of band music. Composers and their music, Integrity Press 1991. ISBN 0918048087 Bloom, Ken. American song; the complete musical theater companion: 1877-1995. Volume 2: T-Z. Second edition. Schirmer Books 1996. Gilbert, L. Wolfe. Without Rhyme or Reason, Vantage Press 1956. OCLC 1295930 Larkin, Colin; the encyclopedia of popular music, third edition. Macmillan 1998. ISBN 1561592374 "L. Wolfe Gilbert".
Composer, author, publisher. Find a Grave. June 6, 2004. Retrieved June 30, 2011