Kevin Mitchell (baseball)
Kevin Darnell Mitchell is an American former Major League Baseball left fielder. A two-time All-Star and the 1989 NL MVP, he became known not only for his occasional brilliance on the field, but for his unpredictable and sometimes volatile behavior off the field. Mitchell was born in San Diego to Alma Mitchell. Alma and Mitchell's father, separated when Mitchell was two years old; because Mitchell struggled academically, he attended several high schools in San Diego including Lincoln High School, Clairemont High School and Crawford High School where he claimed to have played water polo. Although he has been credited with graduating from Clairemont and has claimed to have been a high school football star there, Mitchell only attended the school for two months in 1978, he was involved in street gangs as a youth but has claimed he was never himself a member. Mitchell did not play high school baseball, he was signed by the New York Mets as an undrafted free agent following an open tryout at Grossmont College.
He was given a $1,500 signing bonus plus $600 monthly in salary. In Amazin', Peter Golenbock's oral history of the New York Mets, Hall of Fame catcher Gary Carter said he gave Mitchell the nickname "World" for his ability to play in the infield and outfield. Carter spoke fondly of Mitchell's talents. An urban legend involving Mitchell holds that during the Mets' championship run in 1986, during an argument with his live-in girlfriend, Mitchell decapitated her cat; the story first came to light in Heat. Gooden claimed. Mitchell responded to Gooden's accusations by accusing Gooden of fabricating the stories in an attempt to divert attention away from Gooden's personal problems. In the famous tenth inning of Game 6 of the 1986 World Series, after Wally Backman and Keith Hernandez had been retired for the first two outs, he was called to pinch hit for reliever Rick Aguilera after Gary Carter, the next hitter after Hernandez, singled. Mitchell, who had gotten out of his uniform and had on his regular clothes, hurriedly put his uniform back on without his protective cup and went to the plate and singled.
He would score the tying run on Bob Stanley's wild pitch to Mookie Wilson. In a July 2007 radio interview with local sports talk radio station KNBR, Mitchell disputed that he was out of uniform at the time, stated that he never wore a cup when playing infield; when asked why he never wore a cup, Mitchell responded, "I couldn’t find one big enough for my junk." The interviewer commented that maybe the increased mobility helped Mitchell to make the famous 1989 barehanded catch of Ozzie Smith's fly ball. Mitchell was traded to the San Diego Padres after the 1986 season, where he played half a season before landing in San Francisco where he would reach his full potential. On July 4, 1987, Mitchell was traded to the Giants as part of a multi-player trade that sent pitchers Dave Dravecky and Craig Lefferts to San Francisco in exchange for third baseman Chris Brown and pitchers Keith Comstock, Mark Davis, Mark Grant. While Dravecky was considered to be the key to the trade for the Giants, it was Mitchell who emerged as a superstar.
Most Valuable PlayerAfter two seasons playing at third base, he had his best season with the Giants in 1989 upon being moved to the outfield. In that season, he batted.291 with a league-best 125 RBI and 47 home runs, leading the team to the playoffs and winning the National League's Most Valuable Player award, the first by a Giant since Willie McCovey in 1969. He added a.353 average and 2 homers in the NLCS to help the team to its first World Series appearance since 1962. Mitchell is the only player in Major League Baseball history to win a Most Valuable Player award and play for five major league teams before his 32nd birthday; the barehanded catchMitchell set the tone for his charmed 1989 season early in the year with a unique defensive play on April 26. Sprinting toward the left field foul line in St. Louis' Busch Stadium, for a ball off the bat of Ozzie Smith, Mitchell realized he had overrun the ball, but was able to reach back and snare the ball with his bare hand. A two-time All-Star with the Giants years saw his play decline due to an indifferent attitude as well as various other distractions.
One story making the rounds was an incident during the 1991 season in Los Angeles when an unnamed Giant player said he saw Mitchell "stone drunk" at 2 a.m. after a Saturday night game. Traded to the Mariners after the 1991 season, he arrived at spring training the following year 30 pounds overweight and hit only nine homers that year while batting.286. He had a resurgence in two seasons with the Reds, batting.341 with 19 HRs and 64 RBI in just 323 at-bats in 1993 and.323 with 30 HR and 77 RBI in the strike-shortened season. However, his weight problems kept him from being more productive; because of the baseball strike, he opted to play for the Fukuoka Daiei Hawks in Japan the following year, where he became the highest-paid player in Japanese history. In Japan, he incurred the displeasure of team management when he chose to travel to the U. S. in mid-season for treatment of knee problems against the team's wishes. In the next two years, he played for four major league teams. In May 1997 while with the Cleveland Indians, after teammate Chad Curtis objected to lyrics of a rap song Kevin Mitchell was playing in the clubhouse, shut off the clubhouse stereo, Curtis exchanged punches with Mitchell, who threw Curtis over a ping pong table.
2002 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2002 throughout the world. Regular Season ChampionsWorld Series Champion – Anaheim Angels Postseason – October 1 to October 27Click on any series score to link to that series' page. Higher seed has home field advantage during League Championship Series; the American League Champion has home field advantage during World Series as a result of the pre-2003 "alternating years" rule. Postseason MVPs World Series MVP – Troy Glaus ALCS MVP – Adam Kennedy NLCS MVP – Benito Santiago All-Star Game, July 9 at Miller Park – Tie game, 7-7. January 8 – Ozzie Smith is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. Smith, named on 91.7 percent of the ballots, became the 37th player in baseball history in being elected to be elected to the hall in his first year on the ballot. February 11 – Major League Baseball owners approve the sales of the Florida Marlins and Montreal Expos clubs. Marlins owner, John Henry, is selling the team to Jeffrey Loria for $158.5 million, while Loria is selling the Expos to Baseball Expos LP, a limited partnership owned by the other 29 MLB teams, for $120 million.
February 12 – New York Mets assistant general manager Omar Minaya is named general manager of the Montreal Expos, Minaya, a native from the Dominican Republic, becomes the first Hispanic by accepting the GM position in Major League Baseball history. Hall of Fame player-manager Frank Robinson is announced as the manager of the Expos, which will be run by MLB during the 2002 season. February 27 – The sale of the Boston Red Sox to a group headed by John Henry becomes official. March 1 – The Boston Red Sox dismissed general manager Dan Duquette and replaced him with Mike Port on an interim basis. March 11 – The Boston Red Sox hire Grady Little as their new manager. March 22 – The Chicago Cubs send Ryan Jorgensen, Julián Tavárez, Dontrelle Willis and minor leaguer José Cueto to the Florida Marlins in exchange for Antonio Alfonseca and Matt Clement. April 2 – In beating the San Diego Padres, 9–0, the Arizona Diamondbacks became the first defending World Champions to open the season with back-to-back shutouts since the 1918-19 Boston Red Sox.
Besides, the last team to start the year with consecutive shutouts was the 1994 San Francisco Giants. Curt Schilling is the winning pitcher against the Padres, following Randy Johnson's 2–0 two–hitter a day before. April 3 The San Francisco Giants defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers, 12–0, as Barry Bonds hits a pair of home runs for the second day in a row. Bonds becomes the second player in MLB history to begin a season with consecutive two-homer games. Eddie Mathews hit a pair of homers in each of the Milwaukee Braves first two games against the Pittsburgh Pirates to start the 1958 season. At Oakland Coliseum, the Oakland Athletics lose to the Texas Rangers, 9–6, as the Rangers score three runs in the 8th inning; the loss snaps the A's string of 20 straight wins at home stretching back to August 24. Oakland move past the 1974–75 Cincinnati Reds for most consecutive home wins over two seasons, as the Reds mark was 17. April 5 – The San Francisco Giants defeat the San Diego Padres 3–1, in 10 innings, on Barry Bonds' fifth home run of the year.
In doing so, Bonds ties the mark for most home runs in the first four games of the season, set by Lou Brock in 1967. April 7 – The Arizona Diamondbacks defeats the Milwaukee Brewers, 2–0, as Curt Schilling strikes out 17 batters in hurling a one–hitter. Raúl Casanova's 2nd–inning single is the only Milwaukee hit. April 11 – The Baltimore Orioles pound the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, 15–6, scoring a franchise–high 12 runs in the 6th inning, they collect a club–high 11 hits in 16 at-bats. April 14 – Baltimore Orioles infielder Mike Bordick begins a streak which leads to a Major League record for the most errorless games and total chances by a shortstop. April 16 – The Detroit Tigers win for the first time this season, defeating the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, 9–3; the Tigers had lost their first 11 games for the fifth-worst start by a major league team. April 21 Rafael Furcal hits three triples to tie the modern major league record, as the Atlanta Braves defeat the Florida Marlins 4–2; the last player to accomplish the feat was Lance Johnson of the Chicago White Sox in 1995.
The Arizona Diamondbacks trounce the Colorado Rockies, 7–1, as Randy Johnson strikes out 17 batters in becoming the first pitcher this year to win five games. It is the sixth time. Ma
Grape-treading or grape-stomping is part of the method of maceration used in traditional wine-making. Rather than being crushed in a wine press or by another mechanized method, grapes are trampled in vats by barefoot participants to release their juices and begin fermentation. Grape-treading was widespread in the history of winemaking, but with the introduction of industrial methods, it now survives as a recreational or competitive activity at cultural festivals. One of the earliest extant visual representations of the practice appears on a Roman Empire sarcophagus from the 3rd century AD, which depicts an idealized pastoral scene with a group of Erotes harvesting and stomping grapes at Vindemia, a rural festival. Many contemporary wineries hold grape-stomping contests to attract visitors; the practice is the subject of many depictions in contemporary media, including the 1974 Mel Tillis song "Stomp Them Grapes," the I Love Lucy episode "Lucy's Italian Movie," and The Littlest Grape Stomper, a children's book by Alan Madison.
Posting, a method of treading laundry with the feet. Media related to Grape treading at Wikimedia Commons World Championship Grape Stomp via Sonoma County Harvest Fair
Rohnert Park, California
Rohnert Park is a city in Sonoma County, United States, located 50 miles north of San Francisco. The population at the 2010 United States Census was 40,971, it is the sister city of Hashimoto in Japan. Sonoma State University, part of the California State University system, is located nearby. According to the United States Census Bureau, Rohnert Park has a total area of 7.0 square miles, 99.93% of it land and 0.07% of it water. There is a small reservoir called Roberts Lake at the north end of the city as well as a number of creeks. Important creeks include the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Copeland Creek, Hinebaugh Creek, Crane Creek and Five Creek. All creeks within the city limits have been channelized. Spivock Creek, Coleman Creek, Wilfred Channel, Labath Channel are artificial channels designed to convey runoff; the Rodgers Creek Fault is an active fault influencing earthquake activity in the Rohnert Park area. The city experiences earthquakes from the San Andreas Fault; the city is organized into sections, designated by the letters A–H, "J", "K", "L", "M", "R", "S."
In most cases, the names of streets and parks begin with the letter of the section. Riparian communities within the city are limited by channelization of creekbeds. Vegetation alongside the City's streams consists of grass and sedge species; the Laguna de Santa Rosa contains bands of thick native riparian vegetation, including willow and alder trees. Sudden oak death fungus risks are present in the Rohnert Park area. Research is ongoing at the nearby Fairfield Osborn Preserve; the 2010 United States Census reported that Rohnert Park had a population of 40,971. The population density was 5,846.8 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Rohnert Park was 31,178 White, 759 African American, 407 Native American, 2,144 Asian, 179 Pacific Islander, 3,967 from other races, 2,337 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9,068 persons; the Census reported that 99.0% of the population lived in households and 1.0% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters. There were 15,808 households, out of which 4,842 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,546 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,883 had a female householder with no husband present, 907 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 1,201 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 144 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,177 households were made up of individuals and 1,374 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57. There were 9,336 families; the population was spread out with 8,571 people under the age of 18, 6,853 people aged 18 to 24, 11,035 people aged 25 to 44, 10,710 people aged 45 to 64, 3,802 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males. There were 16,551 housing units at an average density of 2,361.9 per square mile, of which 54.0% were owner-occupied and 46.0% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%. 55.8% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 43.3% lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 42,236 people, 15,503 households, 9,797 families residing in the city.
The population density was 6,564.5 people per square mile. There were 15,808 housing units at an average density of 2,457/sq mi; the racial makeup of the city was 80.28% White, 1.97% African American, 0.78% Native American, 5.58% Asian, 0.42% Pacific Islander, 5.72% from other races, 5.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.57% of the population. There were 15,503 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.20. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 14.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $51,942, the median income for a family was $61,420. Males had a median income of $41,757 versus $31,149 for females; the per capita income for the city was $23,035. About 3.2% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those over age 64. Rohnert Park is governed by a city council of five members. Municipal elections are held in November of even-numbered years. Rohnert Park is split between Sonoma County's 2nd and 3rd supervisorial districts. In the California State Legislature, Rohnert Park is in the 3rd Senate District, represented by Democrat Bill Dodd, in the 4th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Cecilia Aguiar-Curry. In the United States House of Representatives, Rohnert Park is part of California's 5th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Thompson. According to the California Secretary of Stat
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
2002 World Series
The 2002 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's 2002 season. The 98th edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff between the American League champion Anaheim Angels and the National League champion San Francisco Giants; the series was played from October 19–27, 2002, at Pacific Bell Park in San Francisco and Edison International Field of Anaheim in Anaheim. This was the first World Series since the 1995 inception of the wild card in MLB in which both wild card teams would vie for the title; the Angels finished the regular season in second place in the AL West division. They defeated the four-time defending AL champion New York Yankees, three games to one, in the best-of-five AL Division Series, in doing so won their first postseason series in franchise history, they defeated the Minnesota Twins, four games to one, in the best-of-seven AL Championship Series to advance to the World Series, another first in franchise history. The Giants finished the regular season in second place in the NL West division.
They defeated the Atlanta Braves in the NL Division Series and the St. Louis Cardinals in the NL Championship Series to advance to the World Series, giving the team their 20th NL pennant and 17th appearance in the Fall Classic but only their third since moving from New York City to San Francisco in 1958; the series was the fourth World Series played between two teams from California, after 1974, 1988, 1989. Barry Bonds, Reggie Sanders, J. T. Snow each hit home runs to help propel the Giants to win Game one. Game two was a high-scoring affair that the Angels won on Tim Salmon's eighth-inning home run; the Angels routed the Giants in Game three, but lost Game four on a tie-breaking eighth-inning single by the Giants' David Bell. The Giants brought the Angels to the brink of elimination by winning Game five in a blowout; the Giants were eight outs away from winning the Series in Game six, but late game home runs by Scott Spiezio and Darin Erstad, as well as a two-RBI double by Troy Glaus helped the Angels overcome a five-run, seventh-inning deficit to win.
A three-run double by Garret Anderson was the difference in the Angels' Game seven win to clinch the series. Glaus was named the World Series Most Valuable Player; the two teams set a record for combined most home runs in a World Series, which stood until 2017. This was the fourth World Series played between two teams from California and the last World Series as of today involving two teams from the same state; the 1974 World Series saw the Oakland Athletics defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers. In 1989 the San Francisco Giants were defeated by the Oakland Athletics; the managers of the two clubs, Mike Scioscia of the Angels and Dusty Baker of the Giants, were teammates on the Dodgers from 1980–1983, won a World Series in 1981. This was the first World Series to feature opposing managers, teammates on a World Championship team as players. Since their 1958 move from New York City to San Francisco, the Giants franchise and its fans had a long history of futility and disappointment; the Giants had won their last World Series crown before the move, in 1954.
Since the move, the Giants lost both times. These included a dramatic, down-to-the-wire loss to the New York Yankees in the seven-game classic 1962 World Series, a four-game sweep by their crosstown rival Oakland Athletics in the 1989 World Series, marred by the Loma Prieta earthquake, their most recent postseason appearance was in 2000, when they were defeated by the New York Mets in the NLDS. In addition, the Giants narrowly missed winning the N. L. pennant in 1959, 1964, 1965 and 1966. They finished in second place five years in a row from 1965–1969 and lost the 1971 NLCS to the Pittsburgh Pirates. 2002 was Dusty Baker's tenth season as manager of the Giants. It was their third season playing at Pacific Bell Park; the Giants finished the previous season with a record of 90–72, finishing in second place in the NL West, two games behind the Arizona Diamondbacks. They finished in second place in the NL wild card standings, three games behind the St. Louis Cardinals. Notable player departures included 2001 midseason acquisition Andrés Galarraga, who departed as a free agent, Shawn Estes, traded to the New York Mets in exchange for Tsuyoshi Shinjo and Desi Relaford.
Notable player acquisitions included Reggie Sanders, a free agent, David Bell, who the Giants received from the Seattle Mariners in exchange for Desi Relaford and cash. During the season the Giants acquired Kenny Lofton from the Chicago White Sox in exchange for two minor leaguers. Sanders, Bell and Lofton helped bolster a Giants offense led by longtime Giants Barry Bonds, J. T. Snow, Rich Aurilia, Jeff Kent, as well as relative newcomer Benito Santiago; the starting pitching rotation was led by Kirk Rueter and Jason Schmidt, with a bullpen led by Tim Worrell and closer Robb Nen. During the 2002 regular season, the Giants led the NL West standings for most of April and a few days in May, they spent most of the next three months in third place, but on September 9 they took second place for good, while the Dodgers either tied them or fell to third place for the rest of the season. The Giants finished the regular season with a record of 95–66, 2 1⁄2 games behind the NL West champion Diamondbacks.
They won the NL wild card, 3 1⁄2 games ahead of the runner-up Dodgers. Dusty Baker became the first black ma
San Francisco Giants
The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball team based in San Francisco, California. Founded in 1883 as the New York Gothams, renamed three years the New York Giants, the team moved to San Francisco in 1958; the Giants compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League West division. As one of the longest-established and most successful professional baseball teams, the franchise has won the most games of any team in the history of American baseball; the team was the first major league team based in New York City, most memorably playing at the legendary Polo Grounds. They have won 23 NL pennants and have played in 20 World Series competitions – both NL records; the Giants' eight World Series championships rank fifth overall. The Giants have played in the World Series 20 times – 14 times in New York, six in San Francisco – but boycotted the event in 1904. Playing as the New York Giants, they won 14 pennants and five World Series championships behind managers such as John McGraw and Bill Terry and players such as Christy Mathewson, Carl Hubbell, Mel Ott, Bobby Thomson, Willie Mays.
The Giants' franchise has the most Hall of Fame players in all of professional baseball. The Giants' rivalry with the Dodgers is one of the longest-standing and biggest rivalries in American sports; the teams began their rivalry as the New York Giants and Brooklyn Dodgers before both franchises moved west for the 1958 season. The Giants have won six pennants and three World Series championships since arriving in San Francisco; those three championships have come in 2010, 2012, most in 2014, having defeated the Kansas City Royals four games to three during the 2014 World Series. The Giants are the only major professional sports team based in the City and County of San Francisco, following the San Francisco 49ers' relocation to Santa Clara in 2014, they will be joined by the Golden State Warriors once they move to the Chase Center in 2019. The Giants began as the second baseball club founded by millionaire tobacconist John B. Day and veteran amateur baseball player Jim Mutrie; the Gothams, as the Giants were known, entered the National League in 1883, while their other club, the Metropolitans played in the American Association.
Nearly half of the original Gotham players were members of the disbanded Troy Trojans, whose place in the National League the Gothams inherited. While the Metropolitans were the more successful club and Mutrie began moving star players to the Gothams, in 1888 the team won its first National League pennant, as well as a victory over the St. Louis Browns in a pre-modern-era World Series, they repeated as champions the next year with a pennant and Championship victory over the Brooklyn "Bridegrooms". A contemporaneous account claims that after one satisfying victory over the Philadelphia Phillies, the team's manager, strode into the dressing room and exclaimed, "My big fellows! My giants!" From on, the club was known as the Giants. The Giants' original home stadium, the Polo Grounds, dates from this early era, it was located north of Central Park adjacent to 5th and 6th Avenues and 110th and 112th Streets, in Harlem in upper Manhattan. After their eviction from that first incarnation of the Polo Grounds after the 1888 season, they moved further uptown to various fields they named the Polo Grounds located between 155th and 159th Streets in Harlem and Washington Heights, playing in the Washington Heights Polo Grounds until the end of the 1957 season, when they moved to San Francisco.
The Giants were a powerhouse in the late 1880s, winning their first two National League Pennants and World Championships in 1888 and 1889. But nearly all of the Giants' stars jumped to the upstart Players' League, whose New York franchise was named the Giants, in 1890; the new team built a stadium next door to the Polo Grounds. With a decimated roster, the National League Giants finished a distant sixth. Attendance took a nosedive, the financial strain affected Day's tobacco business as well; the Players' League dissolved after the season, Day sold a minority interest in his NL Giants to the defunct PL Giants' principal backer, Edward Talcott. As a condition of the sale, Day had to fire Mutrie as manager. Although the Giants rebounded to third in 1891, Day was forced to sell a controlling interest to Talcott at the end of the season. Four years Talcott sold the Giants to Andrew Freedman, a real estate developer with ties to the Tammany Hall political machine running New York City. Freedman was one of the most detested owners in baseball history, getting into heated disputes with other owners and his own players, most famously with star pitcher Amos Rusie, author of the first Giants no-hitter.
When Freedman offered Rusie only $2,500 to play in 1896, the disgruntled hurler sat out the entire season. Attendance fell off throughout the league without Rusie, prompting the other owners to chip in $50,000 to get him to return for 1897. Freedman hired former owner Day as manager for part of 1899. In 1902, after a series of disastrous moves that left the Giants 53½ games behind, Freedman signed John McGraw as player-manager, convincing him to jump in mid-season from the Baltimore Orioles of the fledgling American League and bring with him several of his teammates. McGraw went on to manage the Giants for three decades until 1932, one of the longest and most successful tenures in professional sports. Hiring "Mr. McGraw", as his players referred to him, was one of Freedman's last significant moves as