The Dash is a device manufactured by Sony that connected using Wi-Fi to the Internet. It had a touch screen which the user could use to listen to music, it was not a portable device. It was positioned as a personal internet viewer which could act as an alarm clock, Internet radio, digital photo frame and many other uses, it had applications. These were the same as those supported by the Chumby device. Sony announced the Dash at the 2010 Consumer Electronics Show, it was made available for sale in late April 2010. The device was only usable in the United States, with users in other countries being locked out with the message "Error: Missing XAPI Service Mode". On June 25, Sony released a software upgrade allowing Dash to be used in other countries, however subsequently restricted international service again in November 2011; the device does not have international power settings, can only be powered by mains electricity of 120 V 60 Hz. Sony introduced two updated versions of the Dash hardware in September 2011.
The HID-B7 and HID-B70 refreshed the hardware, with the HID-B70 adding a battery backup. This revision of the Dash device removed YouTube streaming support. On March 14, 2015 the Sony Dash stopped supporting all streaming content, including Netflix, Pandora and YouTube, although the device continued to authenticate with Sony and act as an alarm clock. While there has been no public response from the company, such service returned on April 24, 2015; as of March 2016, Sony continued to provide limited support for the Dash, such as promised fixes for a leap year issue and a firmware update to address a problem with the control panel. In April 2017, Sony announced that it "will no longer support dash devices and functionality will terminate" as of July 2017. Chumby.com has initiated a program to try and offer continued support after Sony discontinued service. Chumby.com released their Dash patch on August 6, 2017 to allow Dashes to connect with the Chumby servers. Hands-Off With the Sony Dash Touchscreen Frame Wired CES: Will Sony work well with others?
EETimes Meet the Sony Dash: The Latest Tablet to Debut at CES Network World Dash product home page Dash FAQ
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed in 1995. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs. Prerecorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD; such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded once using a DVD recorder and function as a DVD-ROM. Rewritable DVDs can be erased many times. DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material. DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs; the Oxford English Dictionary comments that, "In 1995 rival manufacturers of the product named digital video disc agreed that, in order to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications, the preferred abbreviation DVD would be understood to denote digital versatile disc."
The OED states that in 1995, "The companies said the official name of the format will be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disc’, but, switched to ‘digital versatile disc’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications.""Digital versatile disc" is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forum's mission statement. There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD. Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States, first came to market in Atlanta, Georgia in 1978, it used much larger discs than the formats. Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was low in both North America and Europe, was not used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia, such as Hong-Kong, Singapore and Taiwan.
CD Video released in 1987 used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs. Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed. One was the Multimedia Compact Disc, backed by Philips and Sony, the other was the Super Density disc, supported by Toshiba, Time Warner, Matsushita Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Thomson, JVC. By the time of the press launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the file system to use for their disc, sought support for their format for storing computer data. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBM's Almaden Research Center, got that request, learned of the MMCD development project. Wary of being caught in a repeat of the costly videotape format war between VHS and Betamax in the 1980s, he convened a group of computer industry experts, including representatives from Apple, Sun Microsystems and many others.
This group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG. On August 14, 1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a press release stating that they would only accept a single format; the TWG voted to boycott both formats unless the two camps agreed on a converged standard. They recruited president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions. In one significant compromise, the MMCD and SD groups agreed to adopt proposal SD 9, which specified that both layers of the dual-layered disc be read from the same side—instead of proposal SD 10, which would have created a two-sided disc that users would have to turn over; as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc. The DVD specification ended up similar to Toshiba and Matsushita's Super Density Disc, except for the dual-layer option and EFMPlus modulation designed by Kees Schouhamer Immink.
Philips and Sony decided that it was in their best interests to end the format war, agreed to unify with companies backing the Super Density Disc to release a single format, with technologies from both. After other compromises between MMCD and SD, the computer companies through TWG won the day, a single format was agreed upon; the TWG collaborated with the Optical Storage Technology Association on the use of their implementation of the ISO-13346 file system for use on the new DVDs. Movie and home entertainment distributors adopted the DVD format to replace the ubiquitous VHS tape as the primary consumer digital video distribution format, they embraced DVD as it produced higher quality video and sound, provided superior data lifespan, could be interactive. Interactivity on LaserDiscs had proven desirable to consumers collectors; when LaserDisc prices dropped from $100 per
Sony Corporation is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Tokyo. Its diversified business includes consumer and professional electronics, gaming and financial services; the company owns the largest music entertainment business in the world, the largest video game console business and one of the largest video game publishing businesses, is one of the leading manufacturers of electronic products for the consumer and professional markets, a leading player in the film and television entertainment industry. Sony was ranked 97th on the 2018 Fortune Global 500 list. Sony Corporation is the electronics business unit and the parent company of the Sony Group, engaged in business through its four operating components: electronics, motion pictures and financial services; these make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. The group consists of Sony Corporation, Sony Pictures, Sony Mobile, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Sony Music, Sony/ATV Music Publishing, Sony Financial Holdings, others.
Sony is among the semiconductor sales leaders and since 2015, the fifth-largest television manufacturer in the world after Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, TCL and Hisense. The company's current slogan is Be Moved, their former slogans were The One and Only, It's like.no.other and make.believe. Sony has a weak tie to the Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group corporate group, the successor to the Mitsui group. Sony began in the wake of World War II. In 1946, Masaru Ibuka started an electronics shop in a department store building in Tokyo; the company started with a total of eight employees. In May 1946, Ibuka was joined by Akio Morita to establish a company called Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo; the company built Japan's first tape recorder, called the Type-G. In 1958, the company changed its name to "Sony"; when Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo was looking for a romanized name to use to market themselves, they considered using their initials, TTK. The primary reason they did not is that the railway company Tokyo Kyuko was known as TTK.
The company used the acronym "Totsuko" in Japan, but during his visit to the United States, Morita discovered that Americans had trouble pronouncing that name. Another early name, tried out for a while was "Tokyo Teletech" until Akio Morita discovered that there was an American company using Teletech as a brand name; the name "Sony" was chosen for the brand as a mix of two words: one was the Latin word "sonus", the root of sonic and sound, the other was "sonny", a common slang term used in 1950s America to call a young boy. In 1950s Japan, "sonny boys" was a loan word in Japanese, which connoted smart and presentable young men, which Sony founders Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka considered themselves to be; the first Sony-branded product, the TR-55 transistor radio, appeared in 1955 but the company name did not change to Sony until January 1958. At the time of the change, it was unusual for a Japanese company to use Roman letters to spell its name instead of writing it in kanji; the move was not without opposition: TTK's principal bank at the time, had strong feelings about the name.
They pushed for a name such as Sony Teletech. Akio Morita was firm, however. Both Ibuka and Mitsui Bank's chairman gave their approval. According to Schiffer, Sony's TR-63 radio "cracked open the U. S. market and launched the new industry of consumer microelectronics." By the mid-1950s, American teens had begun buying portable transistor radios in huge numbers, helping to propel the fledgling industry from an estimated 100,000 units in 1955 to 5 million units by the end of 1968. Sony co-founder Akio Morita founded Sony Corporation of America in 1960. In the process, he was struck by the mobility of employees between American companies, unheard of in Japan at that time; when he returned to Japan, he encouraged experienced, middle-aged employees of other companies to reevaluate their careers and consider joining Sony. The company filled many positions in this manner, inspired other Japanese companies to do the same. Moreover, Sony played a major role in the development of Japan as a powerful exporter during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
It helped to improve American perceptions of "made in Japan" products. Known for its production quality, Sony was able to charge above-market prices for its consumer electronics and resisted lowering prices. In 1971, Masaru Ibuka handed the position of president over to his co-founder Akio Morita. Sony began a life insurance company in one of its many peripheral businesses. Amid a global recession in the early 1980s, electronics sales dropped and the company was forced to cut prices. Sony's profits fell sharply. "It's over for Sony," one analyst concluded. "The company's best days are behind it." Around that time, Norio Ohga took up the role of president. He encouraged the development of the Compact Disc in the 1970s and 1980s, of the PlayStation in the early 1990s. Ohga went on to purchase CBS Records in 1988 and Columbia Pictures in 1989 expanding Sony's media presence. Ohga would succeed Morita as chief executive officer in 1989. Under the vision of co-founder Akio Morita and his successors, the company had aggressively expanded in
Sony α, is a camera system introduced on 5 June 2006. It uses and expands upon Konica Minolta camera technologies, including the Minolta AF SLR lens mount, whose assets were acquired by Sony after the end of Konica Minolta's photography operations in early 2006. Sony has an 11.08% ownership stake in Japanese lens manufacturer Tamron, known to have partnered with Konica Minolta and Sony in the design and manufacture of many zoom lenses. Prior to the acquisition by Sony, the α branding had been used on the Japanese market by Minolta for their AF camera system. Sony adopted the name "A-mount system" for the Minolta AF lens mount, retained in their new SLR range. Sony's entry into the DSLR market dates back to July 2005 where a joint venture with Konica Minolta would have resulted in both companies marketing an updated line of DSLRs to the masses. Between 2006 and 2008 Sony was the fastest growing company on the DSLR market, reaching 13% market share in 2008 to become the third largest DSLR company in the world.
In May 2010, Sony introduced two α NEX mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras equipped with the new proprietary Sony E-mount. A-mount lenses can be used in E-mount cameras with an adapter - four different adapters are available from Sony alone. Sony announced plans to introduce a special camera service programme for professional photographers since the launch of the α900 in 2008. Sony Imaging PRO Support was established starting between 2013 and 2015 depending on country; the Sony α model system works on the principle that the next model up in the series has additional features to the one below. Only a few Sony APS-C DSLRs have Live View, except for the Sony α100, α200, α230, α290, α700, α850 and α900 series. Live View mode features a 1.4x or 2x Smart Teleconverter which digitally zooms in on the subject and reproduces pixels on a 1:1 basis, preventing degradation of picture quality. In 2010 Sony replaced the legacy DSLR design with SLT cameras, where the "SLT" stands for "single-lens translucent" which refers to a fixed beam splitter in the image path.
Sony SLT can shoot movie files at Full HD 1080p AVCHD with continuous phase detection autofocus. Along with the α33 and α55 cameras, Sony announced one of the last Sony DSLRs - the α560 which can shoot movie files at full HD stereo 1080p AVCHD, but with limited manual controls and no continuous AF; these three cameras use. The α33 and α55 are SLT based and can take movie files with continuous Auto Focus, whereas DSLRs using reflex mirrors cannot, at least not without limitations; the A-mount known as the A-type bayonet mount was introduced by Minolta in 1985 as the world's first integrated SLR autofocus system. As a result, all Minolta A-mount lenses can be used on Sony DSLRs, all Sony A-mount lenses work on Minolta's film and digital SLRs. During the initial introduction of the α system in 2006, Sony announced 19 lenses and 2 tele-converters, of which the majority were rebranded Konica Minolta lenses. At the 2007 PMA trade show, Sony unveiled several new lenses, but referred to them only in qualitative terms and did not provide specifications.
On 18 May 2009, Sony introduced the first A-mount lenses to feature their new SAM in-lens auto-focus motor for more lens-specific AF speed improvements. This introduction was made with the new "+30" series camera bodies; these new bodies retain an in-body focus motor for backward compatibility with the historic lens collection. In addition, the new bodies utilize HDMI output for display on HDTV sets and feature dual memory card slots for both Sony's proprietary Memory Stick Pro Duo chips as well as SDHC media format, while eliminating CompactFlash support. In 2010 Sony added the E-mount system to their Sony α lineup; this includes mirrorless cameras as well as camcorders. First they were all called "NEX" but this name has been dropped for "ILCE" for the mirrorless stills cameras; the 4-pin Auto-lock Accessory Shoe on all Sony DSLRs/SLTs and some NEX models up to 2012-08 was introduced by Minolta in 1988 for their Maxxum/Dynax/α series of A-mount AF SLRs and was used on their digital DiMAGE A cameras series.
It offers a slide-on auto-locking mechanism but is mechanically incompatible with hotshoes based on the ISO 518 standard as utilized by most other camera and accessory manufacturers. A compatible 7-pin variant existed as well, but was used by Minolta, not at all by Sony; the passive adapters Minolta FS-1100 and FS-PC allow to adapt Minolta AF and TTL flashes with ISO-based foot to cameras with Auto-lock Accessory Shoe, whereas the FS-1200 allows users to use AF TTL flashes with Auto-lock Accessory Foot on earlier Minolta SLRs. These adapters provide no voltage protection or galvanic isolation, but they maintain TTL support with Minolta film cameras. Digital cameras, require digital-ready flashes for TTL support. If no TTL support, but voltage protection and galvanic isolation is required, the Sony FA-HS1AM can be used instead to mount ISO-based equipment on Auto-lock Accessory Shoe cameras. If no electrical connection is re
FeliCa is a contactless RFID smart card system from Sony in Japan used in electronic money cards. The name stands for Felicity Card. First utilized in the Octopus card system in Hong Kong, the technology is used in a variety of cards in countries such as Singapore, Japan and the United States. FeliCa's encryption key is dynamically generated each time mutual authentication is performed, preventing fraud such as impersonation. FeliCa is externally powered, i.e. it does not need a battery to operate. The card uses power supplied from the special FeliCa card reader; when the data transfer is complete, the reader will stop the supply of power. FeliCa was rejected. However, ISO/IEC 18092 uses some similar modulation methods, it uses Manchester coding at 212 kbit/s in the 13.56 MHz range. A proximity of 10 centimeters or less is required for communication. FeliCa complies with JIS: X6319-4: Specification of implementation for integrated circuit cards - Part 4: High speed proximity cards; the standard is regulated by JICSAP.
The UK IT security evaluation and certification scheme provides more detail as to the internal architecture of the FeliCa card. FeliCa IC card and its operating system has obtained ISO15408 Evaluation Assurance Level 4, a standard which indicates the security level of information technology and consumer products. FeliCa is included as a condition of the NFC Forum Specification Compliance; the next generation of FeliCa IC chip announced in June 2011 will have enhanced security adopting the Advanced Encryption Standard encryption. Sony claims the next generation chip will have a higher performance and lower power consumption. FeliCa supports simultaneous access of up to 8 blocks. If an IC card is moved outside of the power-supplied area during the session, the FeliCa card automatically discards incomplete data to restore the previous state. Mobile FeliCa is a modification of FeliCa for use in mobile phones by FeliCa Networks, a subsidiary company of both NTT DoCoMo and Sony. DoCoMo has developed a wallet phone concept based on Mobile FeliCa and has developed a wide network of partnerships and business models.
Au and SoftBank have licensed mobile FeliCa from FeliCa Networks. The Osaifu-Keitai system was developed by NTT DoCoMo, introduced in July 2004 and licensed to Vodafone and au, which introduced the product in their own mobile phone ranges under the same name. Using Osaifu-Keitai, multiple FeliCa systems can be accessed from a single mobile phone. On January 28, 2006, au introduced Mobile Suica, used on the railway networks owned by JR East. On September 7, 2016, Apple announced. Users who purchased iPhone 7 or Apple Watch Series 2 in Japan can now add Suica cards into their Apple Pay wallets and tap their devices just like regular Suica cards. Users can either transfer the balance from a physical Suica card to the Apple Pay wallet, or create a virtual Suica card in the wallet from the JR East application. On September 12, 2017, Apple announced new iPhone 8, iPhone X and Apple Watch Series 3 models featuring "Global FeliCa", i.e. NFC-F and licensed FeliCa middleware incorporated in all devices sold worldwide, not just ones sold in Japan.
On October 9, 2018, Google announced that its latest Pixel device, the Pixel 3, would support FeliCa in models purchased in Japan. This feature enables support for WAON, SuiCa, various other FeliCa-based services through Google Pay. Sony has built a FeliCa reader/writer known as "FeliCa Port" into their VAIO PC line. Using the device, FeliCa cards can be used over the Internet for charging FeliCa cards. An external USB FeliCa PC reader/writer has been released as well, called PaSoRi, it is USB powered and allows one to perform online transactions and top up EZ-link cards in Singapore with credit cards or debit cards anywhere, as long as there is direct access to the Internet. The Sony PaSoRi Reader is not compatible with the new ez-link cards. United States University Campuses Octopus cards, Hong Kong Shenzhen TransCard, China Chang'An Card, Xi'an, China Pay Ease, Chong Qing, China Unified Automatic Fare Collection Scheme completed by Q4 2009, United Arab Emirates EZ-link, Singapore Metro Card, Thailand SPASS card, Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation, Bangladesh Indonesia: Multi-Trip Card, KRL Commuter, Jakarta Dompetku D-Tap, Indosat Ooredoo Jelajah, Jakarta MRT Japan: The system is de facto standard in Japan.
Electronic money or mobile payment: Edy, bitWallet eLIO, Sony Finance International iD, NTT DoCoMo nanaco, Seven & I Holdings Co. Osaifu Keitai QUICPay, Japan Credit Bureau and AEON Credit Service Smartplus, Mitsubishi UFJ NICOS ToruCa, NTT DoCoMo Visa Touch, Visa International WAON, AEON Group Public transportation payment: Major cards: ICOCA, JR West Kitaca, JR Hokkaidō PASMO, railways and buses in Kantō region PiTaPa, railways and buses in Kansai SUGOCA, JR Kyūshū nimoca, public transportation in Fukuoka Prefecture Suica, JR East TOICA, JR Central Manaca, public transportation in Tōkai region See the table below for other cards; as FeliCa is the de facto smart card ticketing system standard in Japan, many of these cards have integrated services. A particular region/operator may acc
Cyber-shot is Sony's line of point-and-shoot digital cameras introduced in 1996. Cyber-shot model names use a DSC prefix, an initialism for "Digital Still Camera". Many Cyber-shot models feature Carl Zeiss trademarked lenses, while others use Sony, or Sony G lenses. All Cyber-shot cameras accept Sony's proprietary Memory Memory Stick PRO Duo flash memory. Select models have supported CompactFlash. Current Cyber-shot cameras support Memory Stick PRO Duo, SD, SDHC, SDXC. From 2006 to 2009, Sony Ericsson used the Cyber-shot brand in a line of mobile phones; the current lineup consists of: QX series – lens-type compact cameras designed for use with smartphones R and RX series – state-of-the-art, large-sensor compact cameras DSC-RX100/DSC-RX100 II – pocketable camera with the largest 1" sensor of all cameras of its size DSC-RX10 — zoom lens 1" 24-200mm equivalent 35mm bridge camera with constant widest aperture F2.8 DSC-RX1/DSC-RX1R – the world's smallest full-frame camera T Series – rugged, slimline cameras with touchscreens H series and HX series – bridge cameras with long superzoom lenses W series – entry-level cameras WX series entry level cameras with CMOS sensors.
The W and T-series use Sony N-type batteries While most H-series use G-type batteries. Some Cyber-shot models can take 3D stills by shooting two images using two different focus settings; the technology uses one lens only for the process, users can see the images on a 3D TV or on a regular 2D screen. The cameras have been available since 2010. Cyber-Shot models such as the DSC-HX20V and the DSC-HX200V have a built-in GPS so the user can have their photos automatically geotagged as they are being taken; the feature can serve as a compass as it shows the user's position on the camera screen. Tru Black is a technology developed by Sony which allows a better visualization of the screen when there is too much light, it enables LCD screens to automatically change the display contrast in order to enhance the controlling reflectance. In other words, when light hits a display with Tru Black technology, the screen turns opaque as a means to improve the visualization of the content. All current Cyber-shot cameras are equipped with a panoramic technology branded as Sweep Panorama, which enables the user to capture wide format photographs using only one lens.
The photos can be taken and displayed in 2D or 3D. Sony Alpha Sony QX-series Sony Picture Motion Browser
Sony Financial Holdings
Sony Financial Holdings Inc. is a holding company for Sony's financial services business. Founded 1 April 2004, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, it owns and oversees the operation of Sony Life Insurance, AEGON Sony Life Insurance, SA Reinsurance Ltd. Sony Life Singapore Pte. Ltd. Sony Assurance Inc. Sony Bank Inc. Sony Payment Services Inc. SmartLink Network Hong Kong Limited, Sony Lifecare Inc. and Lifecare Design Inc. Sony Financial Holdings Inc. Sony Life Insurance Co. Ltd. Sony Assurance Inc. Sony Bank Inc. Sony Lifecare Inc