Edgbaston Cricket Ground
Edgbaston Cricket Ground known as the County Ground or Edgbaston Stadium, is a cricket ground in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham, England. It is home to Warwickshire County Cricket Club, is used for Test matches, One Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals. Edgbaston has hosted the T20 domestic finals day more than any other cricket ground. Edgbaston was the first English ground outside Lord's to host a major international one day tournament final when it hosted the ICC Champions Trophy final in 2013. With permanent seating for 25,000 spectators, it is the fourth-largest cricketing venue in the United Kingdom, after Lord's, Old Trafford and The Oval. Edgbaston was the venue of the first senior game under floodlights in English cricket in July 1997 between Warwickshire and Somerset in the AXA Life Sunday League and hosted the first day/night Test match in England in August 2017 when England played the West Indies; the land that now makes up Edgbaston Cricket Ground was owned by the Calthorpe Estate, who have now sold the site onto Wylam Investments on a long lease.
Calthorpe Estates had developed the manor of Edgbaston into an exclusive Birmingham suburb over the course of the 19th century, believed that a cricket ground would be an asset that would add to the genteel image of the area. Warwickshire County Cricket Club had considered Rugby and Leamington Spa for their headquarters, but club secretary William Ansell believed that Birmingham's large population and comprehensive railway connections made it preferable – envisaging first-class status for the county and Test status for the ground; the club had favoured the Wycliffe Ground on Pershore Road, but were instead offered a 12-acre "meadow of rough grazing land" in an undeveloped area on the banks of the River Rea by the Calthorpe Estate – the less attractive development land having more to gain from association with the cricket ground. With the site only 20 minutes' walk from New Street Station, Warwickshire agreed in 1885 to lease the land for £5 per acre over a 21-year period. A further £ 1,250 was spent on building a wooden pavilion.
The new ground's first match took place on 7 June 1886 against the MCC, watched by 3,000 spectators over two days, with 6,000 turning out on 9 and 10 August to watch Warwickshire play Australia. Edgbaston's first Test match was the first in The Ashes series against Australia in 1902, for which the club erected a permanent stand, two temporary stands and facilities for 90 members of the press; these developments cost a total of £1,500, Warwickshire's share of the tour funds was only £750. The first piece of development in the post-war era was the construction of the Rea Bank and the Thwaite Memorial Scoreboard in 1950. In 1956 an Indoor Cricket School was built and the Pavilion Suite was completed in the same year. By the time the William Ansell Stand opened in 1967 the facilities at Edgbaston were considered to rival those at Lord's. In 1989 executive boxes were added to the rear of the Priory and Raglan Stands and the Sidney Barnes Stand was reconstructed and enlarged, expanding the ground capacity of 17,500.
In July 1997, Edgbaston was the scene of the first competitive floodlit day-night cricket match in Britain. The pavilion end on the south side of the ground was redeveloped between 2010 and 2011 at a cost of £32 million paid for from a £20 million loan from Birmingham City Council, bringing the ground's capacity up to 25,000. Demolition of the pavilion – parts of which dated back to the 1890s – and the Leslie Deakins, R. V. Ryder and William Ansell Stands took place in January 2010, with construction of the new South and West Stands starting in April 2010 and reaching completion 66 weeks later. 5 permanent floodlight pylons were erected around the ground at the same time, allowing up to 15 days of day-night cricket annually. The new development was opened by the Duke of Edinburgh on 25 July 2011; the first test match to be played at the redeveloped venue was the third Test vs India on 10 August 2011, which saw England reach the number 1 position in the ICC Test Championship for the first time with victory by an innings and 242 runs on the fourth day of the match.
Edgbaston is considered to be one of England's leading cricket grounds. Wisden's guide to cricket grounds in 1992 commented that "Lord's is its only superior in the United Kingdom" with The Daily Telegraph agreeing in 2009 that "taken all in all, it is now the best ground outside Lord's." After the opening of the new South and West Stands in 2011 the England and Wales Cricket Board commented that "the spacious facilities are cutting edge, marginally better than the Home of Cricket". The atmosphere at Edgbaston is reputed to be the most hostile in England for visiting teams. Former England captain Alec Stewart recalled "On a world level I would put it up there with Eden Gardens in Calcutta, which holds about 100,000, it inspires a team. It's like having another man in your side." And the former England wicketkeeper Geraint Jones describes how "The crowd here makes such a big noise when you are doing well... it's a unique environment." After winning the 2015 Ashes Test Match with Australia at Edgbaston, England captain Alastair Cook commented "The Edgbaston crowd was up there with the loudest I can remember.
With some of the chants guys who have played a fair bit of cricket were looking at each other and realising how special it was. Edgbaston has been a fantastic venue for us."The record attendance at a County Championship match at Edgbaston is 28,000 against Lancashire in the championship-winning season of 1951, the record for a single day of a test match is 32,000 against the West Indies in 1957. For some years until 2000, Edgbaston had a distinctive motoriz
Sport Wales National Centre
The Sport Wales National Centre is a sports facility in Cardiff, set up to assist the development of elite athletes in Wales. The Centre and operated by Sport Wales, was established by the Sports Council for Wales in 1971 as the National Sports Centre for Wales. Renamed the Welsh Institute of Sport in 1994, it has been known as the Sport Wales National Centre since April 2010; the Centre is located in Sophia Gardens and opened on 30 October 1971, with the official opening by Her Royal Highness the Princess Anne on 12 June 1972. The main building housing the indoor sports halls is by F. D. Williamson & Associates and is described in The Buildings of Wales as "An impressive piece of minimalism". Several governing bodies of sports in Wales are based at the Centre, it hosts the Welsh International Badminton Championship every year in December. Welsh national teams that train at the Centre include badminton, gymnastics, field hockey and judo. Gymnastics Table Tennis Trampoline Presentation Martial Arts Badminton Indoor football Netball Basketball Basketball Wales is the sole controller and the governing body of all aspects of the game of basketball in Wales.
It is responsible for the management of the Welsh National Basketball League, the national teams and for the organisation of all national and international basketball competitions held in Wales. The Federation of Disability Sport Wales is the national pan-disability governing body of sports organisations that provide local sporting and physical activity opportunities to disabled people in Wales. Hockey Wales is the national governing body for hockey in Wales. Known as the Welsh Hockey Union it rebranded as Hockey Wales though the organisation still retains the former name as a business; the Welsh Hockey Union was established in 1996 by the merger of the Welsh Hockey Association and the Welsh Women's Hockey Association. Hockey Wales is responsible for the administration of all aspects of the game including clubs, development, schools and universities. Sport Wales is responsible for promoting sport and active lifestyles in Wales, it was established in 1972 with the objectives of "fostering the knowledge and practice of sport and physical recreation among the public at large in Wales and the provision of facilities thereto".
Sport Wales is the Welsh Assembly Government's main adviser on sporting matters and is responsible for distributing National Lottery awards to national governing bodies of sports in Wales. The Welsh Judo Association is the governing body for judo in Wales; the WJA has over 2,400 members. It is responsible for managing the Welsh High Class Performance Squads, from which the National Coach—double judo Olympic silver medallist Neil Adams—selects the Welsh national team to compete at international events. A purpose built dojo is under construction at the Institute to house the WJA, allowing full-time tutorage of promising athletes; the Welsh Sports Association is an independent, umbrella body and representing the national and international interests of all the national governing bodies of sport and physical recreation in Wales. It has a membership of over 60 NGBs; the WSA acts as an independent consultative body to the Welsh Assembly Government, Sport Wales and to UK Sport. The Welsh Sports Association is based at Sophia Gardens, Cardiff.
The Welsh Target Shooting Federation represents the interests of airgun, rifle and shotgun shooting in Wales from offices in the National Centre. It operates a 50metre outdoor and 10metre indoor range at the Centre for its high performance rifle and airgun teams; these ranges have been used as training bases by GB Academy and Talent Squads. Sport in Cardiff Sport in Wales English Institute of Sport Scottish Institute of Sport Sports Institute for Northern Ireland Official website
Cricket World Cup
The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Cricket Council, every four years, with preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament; the tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events and is considered the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC. The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975, with the first ODI cricket match having been played only four years earlier. However, a separate Women's Cricket World Cup had been held two years before the first men's tournament, a tournament involving multiple international teams had been held as early as 1912, when a triangular tournament of Test matches was played between Australia and South Africa; the first three World Cups were held in England. From the 1987 tournament onwards, hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system, with fourteen ICC members having hosted at least one match in the tournament.
The World Cup is open to all members of the International Cricket Council, although the highest-ranking teams receive automatic qualification. The remaining teams are determined via the ICC World Cup Qualifier. A total of twenty teams have competed in the eleven editions of the tournament, with fourteen competing in the latest edition in 2015. Australia has won the tournament five times, with the West Indies, India and Sri Lanka having won the tournament; the best performance by a non-full-member team came when Kenya made the semi-finals of the 2003 tournament. The first international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 September 1844. However, the first credited Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, the two teams competed for The Ashes in subsequent years. South Africa was admitted to Test status in 1889. Representative cricket teams were selected resulting in bilateral competition. Cricket was included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the gold medal.
This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics. The first multilateral competition at international level was the 1912 Triangular Tournament, a Test cricket tournament played in England between all three Test-playing nations at the time: England and South Africa; the event was not a success: the summer was exceptionally wet, making play difficult on damp uncovered pitches, attendances were poor, attributed to a "surfeit of cricket". Since international Test cricket has been organised as bilateral series: a multilateral Test tournament was not organised again until the triangular Asian Test Championship in 1999; the number of nations playing Test cricket increased over time, with the addition of West Indies in 1928, New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, Pakistan in 1952. However, international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days. In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day.
Starting in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup, continuing with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in 1969; the first One-Day International match was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty over game with eight balls per over. In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer established the rival World Series Cricket competition, it introduced many of the now commonplace features of One Day International cricket, including coloured uniforms, matches played at night under floodlights with a white ball and dark sight screens, for television broadcasts, multiple camera angles, effects microphones to capture sounds from the players on the pitch, on-screen graphics. The first of the matches with coloured uniforms was the WSC Australians in wattle gold versus WSC West Indians in coral pink, played at VFL Park in Melbourne on 17 January 1979.
The success and popularity of the domestic one-day competitions in England and other parts of the world, as well as the early One-Day Internationals, prompted the ICC to consider organising a Cricket World Cup. The inaugural Cricket World Cup was hosted in 1975 by England, the only nation able to put forward the resources to stage an event of such magnitude at the time; the 1975 tournament started on 7 June. The first three events were held in England and known as the Prudential Cup after the sponsors Prudential plc; the matches consisted of 60 six-ball overs per team, played during the daytime in traditional form, with the players wearing cricket whites and using red cricket balls. Eight teams participated in the first tournament: Australia, India, New Zealand and the West Indies, together with Sri Lanka and a composite team from East Africa. One notable omission was South Africa; the tournament was won by the West Indies. Roy Fredricks of West Indies was the first batsmen who got hit-wicket in ODI during the 1975 World Cup final.
The 1979 World Cup saw the introduction of the ICC Trophy competition to select non-Test playing teams for the World Cup, with Sri Lanka and Canada qualifying. The West Indies won a second consecutive World
Whitchurch is a suburb and community in the north of Cardiff, capital of Wales. It is 3 miles north of the centre of the city on the A470 road and A4054 road, its estimated population as of 2011 was 5,234. It falls within the Tongwynlais ward. Whitchurch draws its name from White Church; the first mention of the area was in 1126 when the land was granted to Llandaff Cathedral and a chapel was built where Old Church Road now stands. The church, St Mary's, remained a dependency of the cathedral until 1845 when it became a separate parish. After much resistance to the Norman conquest of Wales, the area succumbed to the Normans in 1266 who created the manor of Whitchurch which included Llandaff North and Rhiwbina, who built Castell Coch to protect the approach to Cardiff in Tongwynlais; the castle became a ruin by the 16th century attacked by Owain Glyndŵr. Until the early 18th century there were no more than around 300 people living in about 50 farms and cottages in Whitchurch, but by the end of the 19th century, this had risen to nearly 5,000.
An education report of 1847 reported. In 1854, the area's first national school was built. Whitchurch High School opened in 1937. In the 19th century, the Bute family assumed responsibility of Whitchurch Common, their attempt to produce wine on the slopes below Castell Coch was short-lived, bottling 40 gallons in 1887. Cardiff Mental Hospital Whitchurch Hospital, opened in 1908 accommodating 750 patients and gaining a national reputation for its research. Whitchurch Hospital closed in 2016. In 1898 and 1922, parts of Whitchurch were absorbed into Cardiff, becoming amalgamated as a suburb of the City of Cardiff in 1967. Between 1951 and 1961, the population of the parish rose from 19,827 to 27,325. Built in 1749, the Melingriffith Tin Plate Works in north Whitchurch, on the bank of the River Taff opposite Radyr, was built on or near the site of an old corn mill that had operated as far back as the late 12th century. Melingriffith was the largest working tin factory in the UK, until the much construction of the Treforest Tin Works.
The tin mills were powered by water drawn from the River Taff down the Melingriffith feeder stream, a water course that doubled as a canal that carried raw iron ore from the Pentyrch Iron Works until around 1815, when the Pentrych tramroad was completed. The tramroad crossed the River Taff over the Iron Bridge; the feeder’s lock was permanently closed in 1871 when it was bridged over, but traces of it still remain. The tin works closed in 1957, today the only signs that the works existed at all are the dry bed of the original Melingriffith feeder stream that still runs down from the River Taff from just above the Radyr weir, the restored water pump standing opposite Oak Cottage; the works site itself has been cleared, is now a modern housing estate. The Melingriffith feeder stream made its way to the original Glamorganshire Canal, where they ran in parallel through the tin works and out the other side at Melingriffith Lock. Where they had come together north of the tin works, any overflow from the canal was designed to empty into the feeder.
This point is now at the southern end of the Glamorganshire Canal local nature reserve and the water from the canal runs into the feeder before passing into a piped water course under a modern housing estate. The feeder reemerges at the Melingriffith Water Pump before flowing into the River Taff. At the southern end of the housing estate, the feeder re-emerges at the point where the Melingriffith water pump stands, the pump designed to pump water from the feeder into the Canal at Melingriffith Lock. Today, the Glamorganshire Canal has been totally overbuilt. Ty Mawr Road has replaced the route of the canal from Melingriffith all the way to Whitchurch. With the expansion of Cardiff in the 20th century, Whitchurch is no longer a separate village; the modern suburb contains a number of schools, a shopping centre, Whitchurch Library and the Velindre Cancer Centre, a major cancer hospital in Wales. The national office of the Presbyterian Church of Wales is located at the Tabernacle Church, Whitchurch.
There are three schools in Whitchurch. Whitchurch High School, the largest comprehensive school in Wales with around 2400 pupils, located on Penlline Road. Ysgol Gymraeg Melin Gruffydd, a two form entry Welsh-medium primary school on Glan-Y-Nant Road; the school is categorised by Welsh Government in the green category as a effective school. Its motto is Cofia ddysgu byw. Whitchurch Primary School, located on Erw Las, the one of the largest primary school in Wales with over 700 pupils from 3–11 years; the school opened in September 2012 following the closure of Eglwys Newydd Primary School and Eglwys Wen Primary School. The school was opened by international footballer Gareth Bale, its motto is play together, succeed together. The school is categorised by Welsh Government in the green category as a effective school. Whitchurch Golf Club was established in July 1914. Whitchurch Rugby Club, known as'Whitchurch Warriors', was established in 1892 or a few years earlier. Home games are played in Hailey Park in neighbouring Llandaff North.
The club runs several teams for men, women and boys. The men's first team play in East-central C, of the WRU National Leagues. Whitchurch lies between two urban rail lines on the Valley Lines network; the Merthyr Line runs through neighbouring Llandaff North stopping at Llandaf railway station, near Whitchurch. Trains run b
2013 ICC Champions Trophy
The 2013 ICC Champions Trophy was a One Day International cricket tournament held in England and Wales between 6 and 23 June 2013. Three cities hosted the tournament's matches: London and Cardiff. India won the competition, beating England by five runs in the final after overcoming South Africa, the West Indies and Pakistan in the group stage, followed by a semi-final victory over Sri Lanka; as winners, India earned $2 million in prize money, the largest amount since the tournament's inception. It was due to be the seventh and final ICC Champions Trophy, to be replaced by the ICC World Test Championship in 2017, but in January 2014, it was instead confirmed by the ICC that a Champions Trophy tournament would take place in 2017, with the proposed Test Championship being cancelled; the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy was contested by eight teams, which were seeded and divided into two groups. Each team played every other team in its group once. Following the group stage, the top two teams from each group progressed to the semi-finals, where the winner of Group A played the runner-up of Group B and the winner of Group B played the runner-up of Group A.
The warm-up matches had rules that were different from normal ODI matches, so they are not recognised as ODIs. A team could use up to 15 players in a match. Advanced to knock-out stage Advanced to knock-out stage Most runs Most wickets Australian David Warner was suspended by Cricket Australia until the first Ashes Test after an altercation with English batsman Joe Root following Australia's loss to England. Former England captain Bob Willis accused one English cricketer of tampering with the ball in order to aid reverse swing during their match against Sri Lanka. Umpire Aleem Dar changed the ball midway through Sri Lanka's innings, but England coach Ashley Giles denied the accusations, saying that Dar changed the ball because it had gone out of shape; the semi-final between India and Sri Lanka at Sophia Gardens in Cardiff saw individuals Tamil Youth activists, running onto the pitch with flags of Tamil Eelam and banners protesting against the Sri Lankan team playing in the United Kingdom. The first invasion occurred in the 50th over of the Sri Lanka innings, but the two interlopers were soon overpowered by the security staff.
However, the second invasion saw at least six protesters run onto the field from various angles from the River Taff End of the ground. The protests continued after the match had finished, a fight broke out outside the ground between protesters and supporters in a manner similar to the earlier protests at a group stage game at The Oval. Hundreds of members of Britain's Tamil community held up the Sri Lankan team bus after the encounter and raised anti-Sri Lankan government slogans. No protests were shown to the Indian team and their bus left as scheduled; the earlier protest at The Oval saw several Tamils being harassed by Sinhala cricket fans who were leaving the match. The team of the tournament was announced by ICC on 28 June 2013, it was selected by a five-person selection panel that comprised Geoff Allardice, Javagal Srinath, Aleem Dar, Scyld Berry and Stephen Brenkley. Team of the Tournament: Shikhar Dhawan Jonathan Trott Kumar Sangakkara Virat Kohli Misbah-ul-Haq Mahendra Singh Dhoni Ravindra Jadeja Ryan McLaren Bhuvneshwar Kumar James Anderson Mitchell McClenaghan Joe Root Official tournament site Tournament site on ESPN Cricinfo
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of, a 20-metre pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player. Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground; when ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches, they communicate with two off-field scorers. There are various formats ranging from Twenty20, played over a few hours with each team batting for a single innings of 20 overs, to Test matches, played over five days with unlimited overs and the teams each batting for two innings of unlimited length.
Traditionally cricketers play in all-white kit, but in limited overs cricket they wear club or team colours. In addition to the basic kit, some players wear protective gear to prevent injury caused by the ball, a hard, solid spheroid made of compressed leather with a raised sewn seam enclosing a cork core, layered with wound string. Cricket's origins are uncertain and the earliest definite reference is in south-east England in the middle of the 16th century, it spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, leading to the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century. The game's governing body is the International Cricket Council, which has over 100 members, twelve of which are full members who play Test matches; the game's rules are held in a code called the Laws of Cricket, owned and maintained by Marylebone Cricket Club in London. The sport is followed in the Indian subcontinent, the United Kingdom, southern Africa and the West Indies, its globalisation occurring during the expansion of the British Empire and remaining popular into the 21st century.
Women's cricket, organised and played separately, has achieved international standard. The most successful side playing international cricket is Australia, having won seven One Day International trophies, including five World Cups, more than any other country, having been the top-rated Test side more than any other country. Cricket is one of many games in the "club ball" sphere that involve hitting a ball with a hand-held implement. In cricket's case, a key difference is the existence of a solid target structure, the wicket, that the batsman must defend; the cricket historian Harry Altham identified three "groups" of "club ball" games: the "hockey group", in which the ball is driven to and fro between two targets. It is believed that cricket originated as a children's game in the south-eastern counties of England, sometime during the medieval period. Although there are claims for prior dates, the earliest definite reference to cricket being played comes from evidence given at a court case in Guildford on Monday, 17 January 1597.
The case concerned ownership of a certain plot of land and the court heard the testimony of a 59-year-old coroner, John Derrick, who gave witness that: "Being a scholler in the ffree schoole of Guldeford hee and diverse of his fellows did runne and play there at creckett and other plaies". Given Derrick's age, it was about half a century earlier when he was at school and so it is certain that cricket was being played c. 1550 by boys in Surrey. The view that it was a children's game is reinforced by Randle Cotgrave's 1611 English-French dictionary in which he defined the noun "crosse" as "the crooked staff wherewith boys play at cricket" and the verb form "crosser" as "to play at cricket". One possible source for the sport's name is the Old English word "cryce" meaning a staff. In Samuel Johnson's Dictionary, he derived cricket from "cryce, Saxon, a stick". In Old French, the word "criquet" seems to have meant a kind of stick. Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England and the County of Flanders when the latter belonged to the Duchy of Burgundy, the name may have been derived from the Middle Dutch "krick", meaning a stick.
Another possible source is the Middle Dutch word "krickstoel", meaning a long low stool used for kneeling in church and which resembled the long low wicket with two stumps used in early cricket. According to Heiner Gillmeister, a European language expert of Bonn University, "cricket" derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey, met de sen. Gillmeister has suggested that not only the name but the sport itself may be of Flemish origin. Although the main object of the game has always been to score the most runs, the early form of cricket differed from the modern game in certain key technical aspects; the ball was bowled underarm by the bowler and all along the ground towards a batsman armed with a bat that, in shape, resembled a hockey stick.