Lee Marvin was an American film and television actor. Known for his distinctive voice and premature white hair, Marvin appeared in supporting roles villains and other hardboiled characters. A prominent television role was that of Detective Lieutenant Frank Ballinger in the NBC crime series M Squad. One of Marvin's most notable film projects was Cat Ballou, a comedy Western in which he played dual roles. For portraying both gunfighter Kid Shelleen and criminal Tim Strawn, he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, along with a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe Award, an NBR Award, the Silver Bear for Best Actor. Marvin was born in New York City, he was the son of two working professionals, Lamont Waltman Marvin, an advertising executive and the head of the New York and New England Apple Institute, Courtenay Washington, a well respected fashion and beauty writer/editor. As with his elder brother, Robert, he was named in honor of Confederate General Robert E. Lee, his first cousin, four times removed, his father was a direct descendant of Matthew Marvin Sr. who emigrated from Great Bentley, England, in 1635, helped found Hartford, Connecticut.
Marvin studied violin. As a teenager, Marvin "spent weekends and spare time hunting deer, wild turkey, bobwhite in the wilds of the then-uncharted Everglades", he attended Manumit School, a Christian socialist boarding school in Pawling, New York, during the late 1930s, attended St. Leo College Preparatory School, a Catholic school in St. Leo, after being expelled from several other schools for bad behavior. Marvin left school at 18 to enlist in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on August 12, 1942, he served with the 4th Marine Division in the Pacific Theater during World War II. While serving as a member of "I" Company, 3rd Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division, he was wounded in action on June 18, 1944, during the assault on Mount Tapochau in the Battle of Saipan, during which most of his company were casualties, he was hit by machine gun fire, which severed his sciatic nerve, was hit again in the foot by a sniper. After over a year of medical treatment in naval hospitals, Marvin was given a medical discharge with the rank of private first class in 1945 at Philadelphia.
Marvin's military awards include: the Purple Heart Medal, the Presidential Unit Citation, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, Combat Action Ribbon. After the war, while working as a plumber's assistant at a local community theatre in upstate New York, Marvin was asked to replace an actor who had fallen ill during rehearsals, he got a job with the company at $7 a week. He used the GI Bill to study at the American Theatre Wing, he appeared on stage in a production of Uniform of an adaptation of Billy Budd. It was done at the Experimental Theatre, where a few months Marvin appeared in The Nineteenth Hole of Europe. Marvin began appearing on television shows like Escape, The Big Story, Treasury Men in Action, he made it to Broadway with a small role in a production of Uniform of Flesh, now called Billy Budd in February 1951. Marvin's film debut was in You're in the Navy Now, directed by Henry Hathaway, a film which marked the debuts of Charles Bronson and Jack Warden.
This required some filming in Hollywood. Marvin decided to stay there, he had a similar small part in Teresa 1951) directed by Fred Zinnemann. As a decorated combat veteran, Marvin was a natural in war dramas, where he assisted the director and other actors in realistically portraying infantry movement, arranging costumes, the use of firearms, he guest starred on episodes of Fireside Theatre and Rebound. Hathaway used him again on Diplomatic Courier and he could be seen in Down Among the Sheltering Palms, directed by Edmund Goulding, We're Not Married! for Goulding, The Duel at Silver Creek directed by Don Siegel, Hangman's Knot, directed by Roy Huggins. He guest starred on Biff Baker, U. S. A. and Dragnet, had a decent role in a feature with Eight Iron Men, a war film produced by Stanley Kramer. He was a sergeant in Seminole, a Western directed by Budd Boetticher, was a corporal in The Glory Brigade, a Korean War film. Marvin guest starred in The Doctor, The Revlon Mirror Theater, Suspense again and The Motorola Television Hour.
He was now in much demand for Westerns: The Stranger Wore a Gun with Randolph Scott, Gun Fury with Rock Hudson. Marvin received much acclaim for his portrayal as villains in two films: The Big Heat where he played Gloria Grahame's vicious boyfriend, directed by Fritz Lang, he continued on TV shows such as The Pepsi-Cola Playhouse. He had support roles in Gorilla at Large and had a notable small role as smart-aleck sailor Meatball in The Caine Mutiny, produced by Kramer. Marvin was in Center Stage, Medic and TV Reader's Digest, he had an excellent part as the small-town hood in Bad Day at Black Rock with Spencer Tracy. In 1955, he played a conflicted, brutal bank-robber in Violent Saturday. A latter-day critic wrote of the character, "Marvin brings a multi-faceted complexity to the role and gives a great example of the early promise that launched his long and successful career."Marvin played Ro
Denzel Hayes Washington Jr. is an American actor and producer. He has received two Golden Globe awards, one Tony Award, two Academy Awards: Best Supporting Actor for the historical war drama film Glory and Best Actor for his role as corrupt detective Alonzo Harris in the crime thriller Training Day. Washington has received much critical acclaim for his film work since the 1980s, including his portrayals of real-life figures, such as South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko in Cry Freedom, Muslim minister and human rights activist Malcolm X in Malcolm X, boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter in The Hurricane, football coach Herman Boone in Remember the Titans and educator Melvin B. Tolson in The Great Debaters, drug kingpin Frank Lucas in American Gangster, he has been a featured actor in films produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and has been a frequent collaborator of directors Spike Lee, Antoine Fuqua, Tony Scott. In 2016, he received the Cecil B. DeMille Lifetime Achievement Award at the 73rd Golden Globe Awards.
In 2002, Washington made his directorial debut with the biographical film Antwone Fisher. His second directorial effort was The Great Debaters, his third film, Fences, in which he starred, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Washington was born in Mount Vernon, New York, on December 28, 1954, his mother, Lennis "Lynne", was a beauty parlor owner and operator born in Georgia and raised in Harlem, New York. His father, Denzel Hayes Washington Sr. was a native of Buckingham County, Virginia, an ordained Pentecostal minister, an employee of the New York City Water Department, as well as working at a local S. Klein department store. Washington attended Pennington-Grimes Elementary School in Mount Vernon until 1968; when he was 14, his parents divorced, his mother sent him to a private preparatory school: Oakland Military Academy in New Windsor, New York. Washington said, "That decision changed my life, because I wouldn't have survived in the direction I was going; the guys I was hanging out with at the time, my running buddies, have now done maybe 40 years combined in the penitentiary.
They were nice guys, but the streets got them." After Oakland, he attended Mainland High School, a public high school in Daytona Beach, from 1970 to 1971. He was interested in attending Texas Tech University: "I grew up in the Boys Club in Mount Vernon, we were the Red Raiders. So when I was in high school, I wanted to go to Texas Tech in Lubbock just because they were called the Red Raiders and their uniforms looked like ours." Washington earned a BA in Drama and Journalism from Fordham University in 1977. At Fordham, he played collegiate basketball as a guard under coach P. J. Carlesimo. After a period of indecision on which major to study and taking a semester off, Washington worked as creative arts director at an overnight summer camp: Camp Sloane YMCA in Lakeville, Connecticut, he participated in a staff talent show for the campers and a colleague suggested he try acting. Returning to Fordham that fall with a renewed purpose, Washington enrolled at the Lincoln Center campus to study acting, where he was given the title roles in Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones and Shakespeare's Othello.
He attended graduate school at the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco, where he stayed for one year before returning to New York to begin a professional acting career. Washington spent the summer of 1976 in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in summer stock theater performing Wings of the Morning, the Maryland State play, written for him by incorporating an African-American character/narrator based loosely on the historical figure from early colonial Maryland, Mathias Da Sousa. Shortly after graduating from Fordham, Washington made his screen acting debut in the 1977 made-for-television film Wilma, his first Hollywood appearance in the 1981 film Carbon Copy, he shared a 1982 Distinguished Ensemble Performance Obie Award for playing Private First Class Melvin Peterson in the Off-Broadway Negro Ensemble Company production A Soldier's Play which premiered November 20, 1981. A major career break came when Washington starred as Dr. Phillip Chandler in NBC's television hospital drama St. Elsewhere, which ran from 1982 to 1988.
He was one of only a few African-American actors to appear on the series for its entire six-year run. He appeared in several television, motion picture and stage roles, such as the films A Soldier's Story, Hard Lessons and Power. In 1987, he starred as South African anti-apartheid political activist Steven Biko in Richard Attenborough's Cry Freedom, for which he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 1989, Washington won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of a defiant, self-possessed ex-slave soldier in the film Glory; that same year, he appeared in the film The Mighty Quinn. In 1990, Washington starred as Bleek Gilliam in the Spike Lee film Mo' Better Blues. In 1991, he starred as Demetrius Williams in the romantic drama Mississippi Masala. Washington was reunited with Lee to play one of his most critically acclaimed roles, the title character of 1992's Malcolm X, his performance as the black nationalist leader earned him another nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.
That year, he established the production company Mundy Lane Entertainment. The next year, he played the lawyer of a gay man with AIDS in th
James Maitland Stewart was an American actor and military officer, among the most honored and popular stars in film history. With a career spanning 62 years, Stewart was a major Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract player, known for his distinctive drawl and down-to-earth persona, which helped him portray American middle-class men struggling in crisis. Many of the films in which he starred have become enduring classics. Stewart was nominated for five Academy Awards, winning one for The Philadelphia Story, received an Academy Lifetime Achievement award in 1985. In 1999, Stewart was named the third-greatest male screen legend of the Golden Age of Hollywood by the American Film Institute, behind Humphrey Bogart and Cary Grant; the American Film Institute has named five of Stewart's films to its list of the 100 best American films made. He had a noted military career and was a World War II and Vietnam War veteran and pilot, who rose to the rank of Brigadier General in the United States Air Force Reserve, becoming the highest-ranking actor in military history.
In 1985, Stewart was promoted to Major General, reserve list by President Ronald Reagan, was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. James Maitland Stewart was born on May 20, 1908, in Indiana, the son of Elizabeth Ruth and Alexander Maitland Stewart, who owned a hardware store. Stewart was raised as a Presbyterian, he was descended from veterans of the American Revolution, the War of 1812, the American Civil War. The eldest of three children, young Jimmy was expected to one day inherit his father's store and continue a business, in the family for three generations, his mother was an excellent pianist. When his father once accepted a gift of an accordion from a guest, Stewart learned to play the instrument, which became a fixture offstage during his acting career; as the family grew, music continued to be an important part of family life. Stewart attended Mercersburg Academy prep school, graduating in 1928, he was active in a variety of activities. He played on the football and track teams, was art editor of the KARUX yearbook, a member of the choir club, glee club, John Marshall Literary Society.
During his first summer break, Stewart returned to his hometown to work as a brick loader for a local construction company and on highway and road construction jobs where he painted lines on the roads. Over the following two summers, he took a job as an assistant with a professional magician, he made his first appearance as Buquet in the play The Wolves. A shy child, Stewart spent much of his after-school time in the basement working on model airplanes, mechanical drawing, chemistry—all with a dream of going into aviation, it was a dream enhanced by the legendary 1927 flight of Charles Lindbergh, whose progress 19-year-old Stewart stricken with scarlet fever, was avidly following from home, foreshadowing his starring movie role as Lindbergh 30 years later. However, he abandoned visions of being a pilot when his father insisted that instead of the United States Naval Academy he attend Princeton University. Stewart enrolled at Princeton in 1928 as a member of the class of 1932, he excelled at studying architecture, so impressing his professors with his thesis on an airport design that he was awarded a scholarship for graduate studies, but he became attracted to the school's drama and music clubs, including the Princeton Triangle Club.
His acting and accordion talents at Princeton led him to be invited to the University Players, an intercollegiate summer stock company in West Falmouth, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod. The company had been organized in 1928 and would run until 1932, with Joshua Logan, Bretaigne Windust and Charles Leatherbee as directors. Stewart performed in bit parts in the Players' productions in Cape Cod during the summer of 1932, after he graduated; the troupe had included Henry Fonda and Margaret Sullavan. Stewart and Fonda became close friends over the summer of 1932 when they shared an apartment with Joshua Logan and Myron McCormick; when Stewart came to New York at the end of the summer stock season, which had included the Broadway tryout of Goodbye Again, he shared an apartment with Fonda, who had by finalized his divorce from Sullavan. Along with fellow University Players Alfred Dalrymple and Myron McCormick, Stewart debuted on Broadway in the brief run of Carry Nation and a few weeks – again with McCormick and Dalrymple – as a chauffeur in the comedy Goodbye Again, in which he had two lines.
The New Yorker commented, "Mr. James Stewart's chauffeur... comes on for three minutes and walks off to a round of spontaneous applause." The play was a moderate success. Many Broadway theaters had been converted to movie houses and the Depression was reaching bottom. "From 1932 through 1934", Stewart recalled, "I'd only worked three months. Every play I got into folded." By 1934, he was given more substantial stage roles, including the modest hit Page Miss Glory and his first dramatic stage role in Sidney Howard's Yellow Jack, which convinced him to continue his acting career. However and Fonda, still roommates, were both struggling. In the fall of 1934, Fonda's success in The Farmer Takes. Stewart attracted the interest of MGM scout Bill Grady who saw Stewart on the opening night of Divided by Three, a glittering première with many luminaries in attendance, including Irving
The kora is a 21-string lute-bridge-harp used extensively in West Africa. A kora is a Mandinka harp built from a large calabash cut in half and covered with cow skin to make a resonator with a long hardwood neck; the skin is supported by two handles. It has each playing a different note, it supports a notched double free-standing bridge. It doesn't fit into any one category of musical instruments, but rather several, must be classified as a "double-bridge-harp-lute"; the strings run in two divided ranks. They are held in notches on a bridge, making it a bridge harp, they originate from a string arm or neck and cross a bridge directly supported by a resonating chamber, making it a lute too. The sound of a kora resembles that of a harp, though when played in the traditional style, it bears a closer resemblance to flamenco and Delta blues guitar techniques of both hands to pluck the strings in polyrhythmic patterns. Ostinato improvised solo runs are played at the same time by skilled players. Kora players have traditionally come from jali families who are traditional historians and storytellers who pass their skills on to their descendants.
The instrument is played in Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Burkina Faso and the Gambia. Most West African musicians prefer the term "jali" to "griot", the French word. "Jali" means something similar to oral historian. Traditional koras feature 21 strings, eleven played by ten by the right. Modern koras made in the Casamance region of southern Senegal sometimes feature additional bass strings, adding up to four strings to the traditional 21. Strings were traditionally made from thin strips of hide, for example antelope skin - now most strings are made from harp strings or nylon fishing line, sometimes plaited together to create thicker strings. A vital accessory in the past was the nyenmyemo, a leaf-shaped plate of tin or brass with wire loops threaded around the edge. Clamped to the bridge, it produced sympathetic sounds, serving as an amplifier since the sound carried well in the open air. In today's environment players prefer or need an electric pickup. By moving leather tuning rings up and down the neck, a kora player can retune the instrument into one of four seven-note scales.
These scales are close in tuning to western major and Lydian modes. Ibn Battuta did mention that the women who accompanied Dugha to perform were carrying bows that they plucked, he didn't mention the number of strings, but this shows the existence of harp instruments in 14th century Mali and could be the earliest written reference to the kora. The kora is designed like a bow with a gourd but Ibn Battuta did not go into detail about these instruments; the earliest European reference to the kora in Western literature is in Travels in Interior Districts of Africa by the Scottish Mungo Park. The most scenario, based on Mandinka oral tradition, suggests that the origins of the kora may be linked with Jali Mady Fouling Cissoko, some time after the founding of Kaabu in the 16th century; the kora is mentioned in the Senegalese national anthem "Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons". Nowadays koras are made with guitar machine heads instead of the traditional leather rings; the advantage is. The disadvantage is that this design limits the pitch of the instrument because string lengths are more fixed and lighter strings are needed to lift it much more than a tone.
Learning to tune a traditional kora is arguably as difficult as learning to play it, many tourists who are entranced by the sound while in West Africa buy koras and find themselves unable to keep it in tune once they are home, relegating it to the status of ornament. Koras can be converted to replace the leather rings with machine heads. Wooden pegs and harp pegs are used, but both can still cause tuning problems in damper climates unless made with great skill. In the late 20th century, a 25-string model of the kora was developed, though it has been adopted by only a few players in the region of Casamance, in southern Senegal; some kora players such as Seckou Keita have double necked koras, allowing them to switch from one tuning to another within seconds, giving them increased flexibility. The French Benedictine monks of the Keur Moussa Abbey in Senegal conceived a method based on scores to teach the instrument. Brother Dominique Catta, choirmaster of the Keur Moussa Abbey, was the first Western composer who wrote for the kora.
An electric instrument modeled on the kora called the gravikord was invented in the late 20th century by instrument builder and musician Robert Grawi. It is tuned and played differently than the kora. Another instrument, the Gravi-kora, a 21 string electro-acoustic instrument, was developed by Robert Grawi for kora players who wanted a modern instrument, its playing and tuning are the same as the traditional kora. The gravi-kora has been adopted by kora players such as Daniel Berkman, Jacques Burtin, Foday Musa Suso, who featured it in recordings with jazz innovator Herbie Hancock, with his band Mandingo, on Suso's New World Power album; the kora music being part of the oral tradition, its music was not written until the 20th century. The ethnomusicologists were the only ones to note some tradition
Frederick George Peter Ingle Finch was an English-Australian actor. He is best remembered for his role as crazed television anchorman Howard Beale in the film Network, which earned him a posthumous Academy Award for Best Actor, his fifth Best Actor award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, a Best Actor award from the Golden Globes, he was the first of two persons to win a posthumous Academy Award in an acting category, both of whom were coincidentally Australian, the other being Heath Ledger. Finch was born as Frederick George Peter Ingle Finch in London to Alicia Gladys Fisher. At the time, Alicia was married to George Finch. George Finch was born in New South Wales, but was educated in Paris and Zürich, he was a research chemist when he moved to Britain in 1912 and served during the First World War with the Royal Army Ordnance Depot and the Royal Field Artillery. In 1915, at Portsmouth, George married Alicia Fisher, the daughter of a Kent barrister. However, George Finch was not Peter Finch's biological father.
He learned only in his mid-40s that his biological father was Wentworth Edward Dallas "Jock" Campbell, an Indian Army officer, whose adultery with Finch's mother was the cause of George and Alicia's divorce, when Peter was two years old. Alicia Finch married Jock Campbell in 1922. George gained custody of Peter, taken from his biological mother and brought up by his adoptive paternal grandmother, Laura Finch in Vaucresson, France. In 1925 Laura took Peter with her to Adyar, a theosophical community near Madras, for a number of months, the young boy lived for a time in a Buddhist monastery. Undoubtedly, as a result of his childhood contact with Buddhism, Finch always claimed to be a Buddhist, he is reported to have said: "I think a man dying on a cross is a ghastly symbol for a religion. And I think a man sitting under a bo tree and becoming enlightened is a beautiful one."In 1926 he was sent to Australia to live with his great-uncle Edward Herbert Finch at Greenwich Point in Sydney. He attended the local school until 1929 North Sydney Intermediate High School for three years.
A school friend was author Paul Brickhill. After graduating, Finch began writing; however he was more interested in acting, in late 1933 appeared in a play, Caprice, at the Repertory Theatre. In 1934–35 he appeared in a number of productions for Doris Fitton at the Savoy Theatre, some with a young Sumner Locke Elliott, he worked as a sideshow spruiker at the Sydney Royal Easter Show, in vaudeville with Joe Cody and as a foil to American comedian Bert le Blanc. At age 19 Finch toured Australia with George Sorlie's travelling troupe, he did radio acting work with Hugh Denison's BSA Players. He came to the attention of Australian Broadcasting Commission radio drama producer Lawrence H. Cecil, to act as his coach and mentor throughout 1939 and 1940, he was "Chris" in the first Muddle-Headed Wombat. He starred with Neva Carr Glyn in an enormously popular series by Max Afford as husband-and-wife detectives Jeffery and Elizabeth Blackburn as well as other ABC radio plays. Finch's first screen performance was in the short film The Magic Shoes, an adaptation of the Cinderella fairy tale, where Finch played Prince Charming.
He made his feature film debut in Dad and Dave Come to Town, playing a small comic role for director Ken G. Hall, his performance was well received and Hall subsequently cast Finch in a larger role in Mr. Chedworth Steps Out, supporting Cecil Kellaway. Finch appeared in The Power and the Glory, playing a fifth columnist. Finch enlisted in the Australian Army on 2 June 1941, he was an anti-aircraft gunner during the Bombing of Darwin. During his war service Finch was given leave to act in radio and film, he appeared in a number of propaganda shorts, including Another Threshold, These Stars Are Mine, While There is Still Time and South West Pacific, the latter for Ken G. Hall, he appeared in two of the few Australian feature films made during the war, The Rats of Tobruk and the less distinguished Red Sky at Morning. Finch produced and performed Army Concert Party work, in 1945 toured bases and hospitals with two Terence Rattigan plays he directed, French Without Tears and While the Sun Shines, he narrated the seen documentaries Jungle Patrol and Sons of the Anzacs.
Finch was discharged from the army on 31 October 1945 at the rank of sergeant. After the war, Finch continued to work extensively in radio and established himself as Australia's leading actor in that medium, winning Macquarie Awards for best actor in 1946 and 1947, he worked as a compere and writer. In 1946, Finch co-founded the Mercury Theatre Company, which put on a number of productions in Sydney over the next few years, as well as running a theatre school. Finch continued to appear in the Australian feature films made around this time including A Son is Born and Eureka Stockade, he was a leading contender to play Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith in Smithy but lost out to Ron Randell. Finch was involved in some documentaries, narrating the legendary Indonesia Calling and helping make Primitive Peoples about the people of Arnhem Land. Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh toured Australia in 1948 with the Old Vic Company, they attended the Mercury production of The Imaginary Invalid on the factory floor of O'Brien's Glass Factory starring Finch.
Olivier was impressed with Finch'
Jean Gabin was a French actor and sometime singer. Considered a key figure in French cinema, he starred in several classic films including Pépé le Moko, La grande illusion, Le Quai des brumes, La bête humaine, Le jour se lève, Le plaisir. Gabin was made a member of the Légion d'honneur in recognition of the important role he played in French cinema. Gabin was born Jean-Alexis Moncorgé in Paris, the son of Madeleine Petit and Ferdinand Moncorgé, a cafe owner and cabaret entertainer whose stage name was Gabin, a first name in French, he grew up in the village of Mériel in the Seine-et-Oise département, about 22 mi north of Paris. He attended the Lycée Janson de Sailly. Gabin left school early, worked as a laborer until the age of 19 when he entered show business with a bit part in a Folies Bergères production, he continued performing in a variety of minor roles before going into the military. After completing his military service in the Fusiliers marins, he returned to the entertainment business, working under the stage name of Jean Gabin at whatever was offered in the Parisian music halls and operettas, imitating the singing style of Maurice Chevalier, the rage at the time.
He was part of a troupe that toured South America, upon returning to France found work at the Moulin Rouge. His performances started getting noticed, better stage roles came along that led to parts in two silent films in 1928. Two years Gabin made the transition to sound films in a 1930 Pathé Frères production titled Chacun sa chance. Playing secondary roles, he made more than a dozen films over the next four years, including films directed by Maurice and Jacques Tourneur. However, he only gained real recognition for his performance in Maria Chapdelaine, a 1934 production directed by Julien Duvivier, he was cast as a romantic hero in a 1936 war drama titled La Bandera. The following year he teamed up with Duvivier again, this time in the successful Pépé le Moko, its popularity brought Gabin international recognition. That same year he starred in the Jean Renoir film La Grande Illusion, an anti-war film that ran at a New York City theatre for an unprecedented six months; this was followed by another one of Renoir's major works: La Bête Humaine, a film noir tragedy based on the novel by Émile Zola and starring Gabin and Simone Simon, as well as Le Quai Des Brumes, one of director Marcel Carné's classics of poetic realism.
He was divorced from his second wife in 1939. In the late 1930s Gabin was flooded with offers from Hollywood. After the German occupation of France in 1940, he joined Jean Renoir and Julien Duvivier in the United States. During his time in Hollywood, Gabin began a romance with actress Marlene Dietrich which lasted until 1948. However, his films in America – Moontide and The Impostor, the reuniting him with Duvivier – were not successful. Undaunted, he joined General Charles de Gaulle's Free French Forces and earned the Médaille militaire and a Croix de guerre for his wartime valor fighting with the Allies in North Africa. Following D-Day, Gabin was part of the military contingent, he was hired by Marcel Carné in 1945 to star in the film,Les Portes de la Nuit, with Marlene Dietrich as his co-star. She disliked the screenplay and feared that her German accent would not go over well with post-war French audiences; when she withdrew from the project, Gabin followed suit, leading to a falling out with Carné.
He found a French producer and director willing to cast him and Dietrich together, but their film Martin Roumagnac was not a success and their personal relationship soon ended. Gabin starred in a poetic realist film directed by René Clément,Au-delà des grilles/The Walls of Malapaga, in 1948, which won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Picture but garnered little recognition for Gabin. In 1949 he starred in his only role in legitimate theater in playwright Henry Bernstein’s La Soif, it ran in Paris for six months, with Gabin winning critical praise as “a first-rate stage actor.” Despite this recognition, subsequent films did not do well at the French box office, the next five years brought little more than repeated failures. His career seemed headed for oblivion. However, in the 1954 film Touchez pas au grisbi, directed by Jacques Becker, Gabin's performance earned him critical acclaim; the film was profitable internationally. He worked once again with Jean Renoir in French Cancan, with María Félix and Françoise Arnoul.
Gabin played Georges Simenon's detective Jules Maigret for three films in 1958, 1959 and 1963. Over the next 20 years, he made 50 more films, most of them successful commercially and critically, including many for Gafer Films, his production partnership with fellow actor Fernandel, his co-stars included leading figures of post-war cinema such as Brigitte Bardot, Alain Delon, Jean-Paul Belmondo and Louis de Funès. Gabin died of leukaemia at the American Hospital of Paris, in the Parisian suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine, his body was cremated, and—with full military honours—his ashes were scattered at sea from a military ship. He is considered one of the greatest stars and an important figure in the French cinema, was appointed Officier de la Légion d'honneur. In 1981, French actor Louis de Funès initiated the Prix Jean Gabin, a film accolade presented to upcoming actors working in the French film i