Forever Young (Alphaville song)
"Forever Young" is a song from German synthpop recording act Alphaville's 1984 debut album of the same name. The single was a strong hit in Scandinavia and in the European German-speaking countries in the same year. Though the single achieved more success in the United States than in the United Kingdom, it was not the group's highest-charting European hit, it failed to reach the American top 40 despite 3 separate US single releases, "Forever Young" became one of the signature songs of the band and it has subsequently been covered by numerous artists. Released by Alphaville as a single in 1984, "Forever Young" was available in both its original mix and in a dance version, entitled the "Special Dance Mix". Over the years the band has released several remixes and demo versions of the song; the single reached number 65th position on the US Billboard Hot 100 and the top 40 on the U. S. Hot Dance Music/ Club Play Singles; the song's music video shows the band performing in one of the halls at Holloway Sanatorium in Virginia Water, England.
A number of people ranging from children to the elderly, dressed in ragged finery, awake to watch the band walk through a diamond-shaped glowing portal, assumingly to the hereafter. 7-inch single "Forever Young" – 3:45 "Welcome to the Sun" – 3:0912-inch maxi "Forever Young" – 6:06 "Forever Young" – 3:45 "Welcome to the Sun" – 3:09"Welcome to the Sun" appeared on 1999's Dreamscapes. The original album version has appeared on the following official Alphaville releases: Alphaville Amiga Compilation, 1988 Alphaville: The Singles Collection, 1988 First Harvest 1984–92, 1992The "Special Dance Version" and the B-side "Welcome to the Sun" were both included on 2014's so80s presents Alphaville; this song has been released several times in various forms, including remixes and demos, on: Alphaville: The Singles Collection, 1988 History, 1993 Dreamscapes, 1999 Little America, 1999 Stark Naked and Absolutely Live, 2000 Forever Pop, 2001 "Forever Young 2001" "Forever Young The Remix", 2006 In 2001, Alphaville released a new set of remixes in a "limited fan edition" called "Forever Young 2001".
This single contained three music tracks, one spoken word track, a PC-only track. This CD was released to fans for only postage needed to be paid; the names of every fan who had requested a copy were printed on the inside cover. Copies were hand-signed by the band; the remixes that appear on the single have not appeared on other releases. The cover is a still image from the video, created by The Cartoon Saloon. CD single "Forever Young" – 3:56 Remixed by: F. A. F "Forever Young" – 4:21 Remixed by: José Alvarez-Brill "Forever Young" – 4:43 "Thank You" – 3:44 "Forever Young" The "Thank You" track consisted of then-member Bernard Lloyd thanking the fans, while speaking over one of his "favorite tracks,", a remix of "Lassie Come Home," as it was to appear on the 2001 remix album Forever Pop; the Magix PlayR track was a PC-only application that allowed fans to customize the FAF remix to their liking. CD promo single "Forever Young" — 3:56This promotional CD was produced in a limited run of 500 copies and not sold commercially.
Released in 2006, this CD contains two new remixes by notable remix artist Bill Hamel. It includes a digitally remastered version of the original album version of the song; the remix reached number 31 on the Australian ARIA Singles Chart, peaking higher than the original version in 1986, which only charted at number 47. CD single "Forever Young" – 4:58 "Forever Young" – 7:39 "Forever Young" – 3:47 In 2005 Australian rock band Youth Group were asked by the producers of the American television series The O. C. to record a version of "Forever Young" for use in the show, following a positive response to the use of their single "Shadowland" in a previous episode. Their version of "Forever Young" was used in the show and the show's trailers, was included on the soundtrack album Music from the OC: Mix 5. A single release in Australia reached number 1 on the ARIA Charts; the song was included on their album Casino Twilight Dogs, released that year. "Forever Young" – 4:33 "Someone Else's Dream" – 2:36 "Forever Young" – 3:26 Just a year after the song's initial release, pop singer Laura Branigan covered "Forever Young" on her album Hold Me and began a tradition of performing the song as an encore at her concerts.
In 1991, reggae artist Wayne Wonder released a cover version that achieved some popularity in Jamaica. A recording of Wonder's version was released on the Alphaville Fan Club release History. 1994, German electronic group Interactive released a cover which reached number 7 in Germany and made the top 20 in five other countries. In 2000, Czech singer Karel Gott released "Für immer jung" in Být stále mlád" in Czech. In 2010, Polish Symphonic Metal act Pathfinder released a cover of "Forever Young" on their album Beyond the Space, Beyond the Time, as a Japanese bonus track. In 2010, German electronic group Tangerine Dream covered "Forever Young" on their album "Under Cover - Chapter One." Young Forever, Jay-Z featuring Mr Hudson Für immer jung, Bushido featuring Karel Gott List of anti-war songs Alphaville Alphaville - "Forever Young" on YouTube Alphaville - "Forever Young" on YouTube Alphaville - "Forever Young"
Alphaville is a German synth-pop band which gained popularity in the 1980s. The founding members were lead singer Marian Gold, Bernhard Lloyd, Frank Mertens, they achieved chart success with the singles "Forever Young", "Big in Japan", "Sounds Like a Melody", "The Jet Set" and "Dance with Me". Alphaville was formed in early 1982, by lead singer Marian Gold and Bernhard Lloyd, when Gold and Lloyd met at the music project Nelson Community. Many months Frank Mertens joined the project. Gold had written "Big in Japan" in 1979 after hearing the music of Holly Johnson's band Big in Japan, they first named their band "Forever Young" and subsequently changed it to "Alphaville" after the 1965 science fiction film. Together the three recorded their first demo of the same name. In 1984, the newly renamed Alphaville released their debut single, "Big in Japan". In autumn 1984, they released their debut album, Forever Young, produced by Colin Pearson, Wolfgang Loos and Andreas Budde. "Big in Japan" topped the charts in Germany, Switzerland, Turkey and the US Billboard Dance Chart.
The single reached the Top Five in Italy, the Netherlands, Austria and South Africa. It became the group's only Top 20 single in the UK, peaking at No. 8. The band's next two singles, "Sounds Like a Melody" and "Forever Young", were both European Top 5 successes, although the former track failed to make an impression on the American charts. While, the song "Forever Young" was written during the Cold War, where the singer said "hoping for the best, but expecting the worst; the Alphaville version was released a third time in the US in 1988, to promote Alphaville: The Singles Collection, peaked at No. 65, their highest charting single on the Billboard Hot 100. Soon after the success of the album, Mertens left the band in December that year, because he had a stress with the media and was replaced in January 1985 by Marian's old friend Ricky Echolette on keyboards and in additional, he was the guitarist for the band. In 1986, their second album, Afternoons in Utopia, was released and its first single "Dance With Me" was a Top 20 hit in Germany, Norway, Switzerland, South Africa and in remix form on the US Hot Maxi Singles chart.
It reached the Top 30 in the US Club Play chart. The album's second single was "Universal Daddy". For their third single, the band released "Jerusalem" in Germany only, while they went with "Sensations" for Austria, the Netherlands, Switzerland; the final single from Afternoons in Utopia was "Red Rose", in 1987. Their third album in 1989, The Breathtaking Blue, included the singles "Romeos" and "Mysteries of Love" and was released as a CD+G, including black & white stills with original lyrics and German translation; as an alternative to individual music videos, the band enlisted nine directors, among them Godfrey Reggio, to create a film entitled Songlines based on the album's tracks. The next album, was not released until 1994; the first single released was "Fools", followed by the second and last single from the album, "The Impossible Dream". During the tour for this album Robbie France joined the band on drums. In 1997, after the band went to record their next album, Echolette left the band because he decided to spent time with his family.
Salvation followed in 1997. In 2000 Stark Naked and Absolutely Live was released. In 2001, the remix album Forever Pop and a DVD entitled Little America of two concerts performed in Salt Lake City, Utah. Bernhard Lloyd did not contribute to the 2003 limited-edition album CrazyShow, shortly after its release on 18 March 2003, he left the group, But he stays in contact with Gold; the core stage members of Alphaville were Gold and new recruits, Martin Lister, David Goodes and Jakob Kiersch. On 19 November 2010 the album Catching Rays on Giant, the first commercial studio album in 13 years was released and entered the German album charts at number 9 in its first week; the touring musicians became members of the band at this point. The second single from the album was the track, "Song for No One", released on 4 March 2011, it is available in two formats, one as a 12-track CD and the other a deluxe edition with CD plus four bonus tracks and DVD. It is available digitally from various download platforms.
The DVD in the deluxe package includes the video to the first single and a documentary titled Audiovision, there in a normal version and in a 3D version. The package contains 3D glasses; the band held an album release party, where they played a short unplugged set, at the Quasimodo Club in Berlin on the evening of 18 November 2010 to which their closest fans and friends were invited. The album featured band member Martin Lister on lead vocals for the track, "Call Me Down". In 2011 Maja Kim joined the band on bass; the first single and album releases were available at first only in Germany and through online shops and download platforms in German-speaking countries. The first single from album was titled "I Die for You Today", available as a digital download on 8 October 2010, released in CD format on 22 October 2010, it entered the German charts at number 15 in its first week of release and stayed in the top 100 for 8 weeks. Invited by the designer Michael Michalsky, Alphaville performed songs from t
Jan Anna August Leyers is a singer and television personality. He was a member of the group Soulsister and became a solo musician and host of various television series. Jan Leyers was born in Antwerp; when he was about 10 years old, he found an acoustic guitar in his attic, his father, an architect, taught him how to play. 10 years he started the group Beri-Beri with Hugo Matthysen, Bart Peeters, Marc Kruithof. The group failed. After Beri-Beri, Leyers spent a few years singing in theaters. In 1986, he met singer Paul Michiels in a café in Heist-op-den-Berg. Together, they recorded a single, "You Get to Me," which impressed Guy Brulez, an executive for EMI in Belgium. Brulez persuaded them to form a duo, which they named "Soul Sisters'", they recorded "Talk About It" and "Like a Mountain." The group, now under the name SoulSister, released their debut album, It Takes Two, in 1988. The single "The Way to Your Heart" was a hit in Belgium, the Netherlands and made its way onto the United States charts.
In 1990, SoulSister changes its moniker to Leyers and SoulSister for a while, but reverted to SoulSister. They released three more studio albums: Heat, Simple Rule, Swinging Like Big Dogs. In between, Leyers pursued solo songwriting endeavours. In 1997, SoulSister dissolved with the release of their Very Best Of compilation album. Leyers, now on a solo track, teamed up with Filip Cauwelier and Joost Van den Broek to form the group My Velma. SoulSister had performed melodic pop; the group started off with two test singles: "Running a Bath" and "Shower of Love." In October 1997, the group recorded the album Exposed. It was released in June 1998 by Mercury Records of the Netherlands. In 2000, Leyers had a big hit in Belgium with the single "Only Your Love Will Do,", featured on the soundtrack for the Jan Verheyen film Team Spirit. There was a hit on the soundtrack by his old SoulSister buddy Paul Michiels, the following year he worked with Michiels on his Forever Young cover album. My Velma broke up at around the same time.
Throughout these endeavors, Leyers remained a music composer of music for films. In 2003, Leyers released the album Jan Leyers, which became popular with the hits "Crash and Burn" and "Don't Make Me Miss You." It featured his hit from 2000, "Only Your Love Will Do." On 1 January 2005, Leyers released the single "The Long Road," and soon afterwards begins his 2005 tour in Belgium. That year, he released the singles "Rolling On" and "Break My Heart." In September, he released In the Virgin Dark, which features these three singles along with "This One" and "The Remedy." "This One" is featured in the Jan Verheyen movie Buitenspel. In the fall of 2006, he released Songbook: 1996-2006, a compilation of his work with My Velma and his solo work. In 1995, Leyers co-wrote, alongside Sally Dworsky and Paul Jefferson, the song "That's as Close as I'll Get to Loving You,", performed by American country singer Aaron Tippin, he does songwriting on a regular basis for the Belgian band Clouseau. One of his top hits with Clouseau is "Dat Ze De Mooiste Is".
He has written two songs for Natalia's first album This Time and one song for her second album Back For More. Leyers is the host of a cultural discussion program on Canvas; the show features people from across Belgium debating various topics from comedy to religion. Leyers was a co-host of De Droom van Ludwig, which traced Ludwig van Beethoven's history across Europe, he has served as Belgium's version of Idol. In 2007 he made the television series De weg naar Mekka, in which he travelled across North Africa and the Middle East, his account appeared in a book of the same title. Four years in 2011, another television series appeared called "De weg naar het Avondland". Leyers travels from Ethiopia to Europe in this series, "following the footsteps of humanity". In 2017, ten years after De weg naar Mekka he made the television series "Allah in Europa" where he travels European cities to find out the future of Islam in Europe; the corresponding book was published in 2018. Leyers is married to Belgian TV actress Anne Meunier.
They have four daughters: Dorien, Ella and Olga. They reside in Belgium. Jan Leyers In the Virgin Dark
Team Spirit (film)
Team Spirit is a 2016 French drama film directed by Christophe Barratier. Based on the true life story of Jérôme Kerviel, a French trader, convicted in the 2008 Société Générale trading loss for breach of trust and unauthorized use of the bank's computers, resulting in losses valued at €4.9 billion. Kerviel was born in 1977 in a small fishing town in Brittany, he and his brother were brought up by their hardworking parents who were devoted to each other. He earned a Master's degree in Finance. In 2000, the Société Générale recruits him in the middle office; this "Secretariat" has the task of accounting for orders placed by traders to the legendary trading floor. The young Jerome Kerviel will learn fast fast... Team Spirit on IMDb
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Belgium the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, the North Sea to the northwest, it has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; the sovereign state is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organisation is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds, it is divided into three autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita. Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups or Communities: the Dutch-speaking Flemish Community, which constitutes about 59 percent of the population, the French-speaking Community, which comprises about 40 percent of all Belgians. A small German-speaking Community, numbering around one percent, exists in the East Cantons.
The Brussels-Capital Region is bilingual, although French is the dominant language. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of governance, made up of six different governments. Belgium was part of an area known as the Low Countries, a somewhat larger region than the current Benelux group of states that included parts of northern France and western Germany, its name is derived after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, the area of Belgium was a prosperous and cosmopolitan centre of commerce and culture. Between the 16th and early 19th centuries, Belgium served as the battleground between many European powers, earning the moniker the "Battlefield of Europe", a reputation strengthened by both world wars; the country emerged in 1830 following the Belgian Revolution. Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa.
The second half of the 20th century was marked by rising tensions between the Dutch-speaking and the French-speaking citizens fueled by differences in language and culture and the unequal economic development of Flanders and Wallonia. This continuing antagonism has led to several far-reaching reforms, resulting in a transition from a unitary to a federal arrangement during the period from 1970 to 1993. Despite the reforms, tensions between the groups have remained, if not increased. Unemployment in Wallonia is more than double that of Flanders. Belgium is one of the six founding countries of the European Union and hosts the official seats of the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, as well as a seat of the European Parliament in the country's capital, Brussels. Belgium is a founding member of the Eurozone, NATO, OECD, WTO, a part of the trilateral Benelux Union and the Schengen Area. Brussels hosts several of the EU's official seats as well as the headquarters of many major international organizations such as NATO.
Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy. It has high standards of living, quality of life, education, is categorized as "very high" in the Human Development Index, it ranks as one of the safest or most peaceful countries in the world. The name "Belgium" is derived from Gallia Belgica, a Roman province in the northernmost part of Gaul that before Roman invasion in 100 BC, was inhabited by the Belgae, a mix of Celtic and Germanic peoples. A gradual immigration by Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century brought the area under the rule of the Merovingian kings. A gradual shift of power during the 8th century led the kingdom of the Franks to evolve into the Carolingian Empire; the Treaty of Verdun in 843 divided the region into Middle and West Francia and therefore into a set of more or less independent fiefdoms which, during the Middle Ages, were vassals either of the King of France or of the Holy Roman Emperor. Many of these fiefdoms were united in the Burgundian Netherlands of the 15th centuries.
Emperor Charles V extended the personal union of the Seventeen Provinces in the 1540s, making it far more than a personal union by the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549 and increased his influence over the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The Eighty Years' War divided the Low Countries into the northern United Provinces and the Southern Netherlands; the latter were ruled successively by the Spanish and the Austrian Habsburgs and comprised most of modern Belgium. This was the theatre of most Franco-Spanish and Franco-Austrian wars during the 17th and 18th centuries. Following the campaigns of 1794 in the French Revolutionary Wars, the Low Countries—including territories that were never nominally under Habsburg rule, such as the Prince-Bishopric of Liège—were annexed by the French First Republic, ending Austrian rule in the region; the reunification of the Low Countries as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands occurred at the dissolution of the First French Empire in 1815, after the defeat of Napo
The Netherlands is a country located in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian. The six largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, The Hague, Utrecht and Tilburg. Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General and Supreme Court; the Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, the largest in any country outside Asia. The country is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union.
It hosts several intergovernmental organisations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, dubbed'the world's legal capital'. Netherlands means'lower countries' in reference to its low elevation and flat topography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre above sea level, nearly 17% falling below sea level. Most of the areas below sea level, known as polders, are the result of land reclamation that began in the 16th century. With a population of 17.30 million people, all living within a total area of 41,500 square kilometres —of which the land area is 33,700 square kilometres —the Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products, owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, intensive agriculture; the Netherlands was the third country in the world to have representative government, it has been a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a unitary structure since 1848.
The country has a tradition of pillarisation and a long record of social tolerance, having legalised abortion and human euthanasia, along with maintaining a progressive drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001, its mixed-market advanced economy had the thirteenth-highest per capita income globally. The Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, quality of life, as well as happiness; the Netherlands' turbulent history and shifts of power resulted in exceptionally many and varying names in different languages. There is diversity within languages; this holds for English, where Dutch is the adjective form and the misnomer Holland a synonym for the country "Netherlands". Dutch comes from Theodiscus and in the past centuries, the hub of Dutch culture is found in its most populous region, home to the capital city of Amsterdam.
Referring to the Netherlands as Holland in the English language is similar to calling the United Kingdom "Britain" by people outside the UK. The term is so pervasive among potential investors and tourists, that the Dutch government's international websites for tourism and trade are "holland.com" and "hollandtradeandinvest.com". The region of Holland consists of North and South Holland, two of the nation's twelve provinces a single province, earlier still, the County of Holland, a remnant of the dissolved Frisian Kingdom. Following the decline of the Duchy of Brabant and the County of Flanders, Holland became the most economically and politically important county in the Low Countries region; the emphasis on Holland during the formation of the Dutch Republic, the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Dutch Wars in the 16th, 17th and 18th century, made Holland serve as a pars pro toto for the entire country, now considered either incorrect, informal, or, depending on context, opprobrious. Nonetheless, Holland is used in reference to the Netherlands national football team.
The region called the Low Countries and the Country of the Netherlands. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in places all over Europe, they are sometimes used in a deictic relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben, Superior or Haut. In the case of the Low Countries / Netherlands the geographical location of the lower region has been more or less downstream and near the sea; the geographical location of the upper region, changed tremendously over time, depending on the location of the economic and military power governing the Low Countries area. The Romans made a distinction between the Roman provinces of downstream Germania Inferior and upstream Germania Superior; the designation'Low' to refer to the region returns again in the 10th century Duchy of Lower Lorraine, that covered much of the Low Countries. But this time the corresponding Upper region is Upper Lorraine, in nowadays Northern France; the Dukes of Burgundy, who ruled the Low Countries in the 15th century, used the term les pays de par deçà for the Low Countries as opposed to les pays de par delà for their original