IKEA is a Swedish-founded multinational group that designs and sells ready-to-assemble furniture, kitchen appliances and home accessories, among other useful goods and home services. It has been the world's largest furniture retailer since at least 2008, it was founded in Sweden in 1943 by 17-year-old carpenter, Ingvar Kamprad, listed by Forbes in 2015 as one of the ten richest people in the world, worth more than $40 billion. The company's name is an acronym that consists of the initials of Ingvar Kamprad and Agunnaryd; the company is known for its modernist designs for various types of appliances and furniture, its interior design work is associated with an eco-friendly simplicity. In addition, the firm is known for its attention to cost control, operational details, continuous product development, corporate attributes that allowed IKEA to lower its prices by an average of two to three percent over the decade to 2010 during a period of global expansion; the IKEA group has a complex corporate structure, which members of the European Parliament have alleged was designed to avoid over €1 billion in tax payments over the 2009–2014 period.
It is controlled by several foundations based in the Liechtenstein. As of November 2018, there are 424 IKEA stores operating in 52 countries. In fiscal year 2018, €38.8 billion worth of IKEA goods were sold. The IKEA website contains about 12,000 products and is the closest representation of the entire IKEA range. There were over 2.1 billion visitors to IKEA's websites in the year from September 2015 to August 2016. The company is responsible for 1% of world commercial-product wood consumption, making it one of the largest users of wood in the retail sector. Most of IKEA's stores and factories were owned by INGKA, a holding company controlled by the Stichting INGKA Foundation, one of the 40 wealthiest foundations in the world. Ingvar Kamprad founded IKEA in 1943 as a mail-order sales business, it began to sell furniture five years later. The first Möbel-IKÉA store was opened in Älmhult, Småland, in 1958; the first stores outside Sweden were opened in Denmark. The stores spread to other parts of Europe in the 1970s, with the first store outside Scandinavia opening in Switzerland, followed by West Germany.
Amid a high level of success, the company's West German executives accidentally opened a store in Konstanz in 1973 instead of Koblenz. That decade, stores opened in other parts of the world, such as Japan, Canada, Hong Kong, Singapore. IKEA further expanded in the 1980s, opening stores in countries such as France and Spain, the United States, the United Kingdom, Italy; the company expanded into more countries in the 1990s and 2000s. Germany, with 53 stores, is IKEA's biggest market, followed by the United States, with 50 stores; the first IKEA store in Latin America opened on 17 February 2010 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. As of November 2018, there are 424 IKEA stores operating in 52 different countries. IKEA was awarded the Nordic Language Award of 2017 for introducing Scandinavian language and culture to a global audience. Founder Ingvar Kamprad died on 27 January 2018. Older IKEA stores are blue buildings with yellow accents, they are designed in a one-way layout, leading customers counter-clockwise along what IKEA calls "the long natural way" designed to encourage the customer to see the store in its entirety.
There are shortcuts to other parts of the showroom. The sequence first involves going through the furniture showrooms making note of selected items; the customer collects a shopping cart and proceeds to an open-shelf "Market Hall" warehouse for smaller items visits the self-service furniture warehouse to collect noted showroom products in flat pack form. Sometimes, they are directed to collect products from an external warehouse on the same site or at a site nearby after purchase. Customers pay for their products at a cash register. Not all furniture is stocked at the store level, such as particular sofa colours needing to be shipped from a warehouse to the customer's home or to the store. Most stores follow the layout of having the showroom upstairs with the marketplace and self-service warehouse downstairs; some stores are single level, while others have separate warehouses to allow more stock to be kept on-site. Single-level stores are found predominantly in areas where the cost of land would be less than the cost of building a 2-level store.
Some stores have dual-level warehouses with machine-controlled silos to allow large quantities of stock to be accessed throughout the selling day. Most IKEA stores offer an "as-is" area at the end of the warehouse. Returned and showcased products are displayed here and sold with a significant discount, but with a no-returns policy. IKEA uses a sales technique called "bulla bulla" in which a bunch of items are purposefully jumbled in bins, to create the impression of volume, therefore, inexpensiveness. IKEA's own restaurant are all over the world and the taste is cross-cultural; every store includes a restaurant serving traditional Swedish food, including potatoes with Swedish meatballs. In Kuala Lumpur, the usual boiled or mashed potatoes have been replaced with French fries.
In retail, an "anchor tenant", sometimes called an "anchor store", "draw tenant", or "key tenant", is a larger tenant in a shopping mall a department store or retail chain. With their broad appeal, they are intended to attract a significant cross-section of the shopping public to the center, they are offered steep discounts on rent in exchange for signing long-term leases in order to provide steady cash flows for the mall owners. When the planned shopping centre format was developed by Victor Gruen in the early to mid-1950s, signing larger department stores was necessary for the financial stability of the projects, to draw retail traffic that would result in visits to the smaller shops in the centre as well. Anchors have their rents discounted, may receive cash inducements from the centre to remain open. Early on, grocery stores were a common type of anchor store. However, research on consumer behavior revealed that most trips to the grocery store did not result in visits to surrounding shops.
Large supermarkets remain common anchor stores within power centers however. As of 2005, the declining popularity of old-line department stores makes it necessary for mall management companies to consider re-anchoring with other retail alternatives, or mix commercial development with residential development to guarantee a captive clientele; the challenges faced by the traditional large department stores have led to a resurgence in the use of supermarkets and gyms as anchors. The International Council of Shopping Centers makes the presence of anchors one of the main defining characteristics of the two largest categories of centres, the regional center with 400,000 to 800,000 square feet in gross leasable area, the superregional center with more than 800,000 square feet of space; the regional center has two or more anchors, while the superregional has three or more. In each case, the anchors account for 50–70% of the centre's leasable space. Shopping centres with anchor stores have outperformed those without one, as the anchor helps draw shoppers attracted to the anchor to shop at other shops in the mall.
Retail Shopping centre Supermarket
Ross Stores, Inc. is an American chain of off-price department stores headquartered in Dublin, California operating under the brandname, Ross Dress for Less. It is the largest off-priced retailer in the U. S; as of 2018, Ross operates 1,483 stores in 37 U. S. states, the District of Columbia and Guam, covering much of the country, but with no presence in New England, New York, northern New Jersey and areas of the Midwest. Ross Department Store was first opened in California, in 1950 by Morris "Morrie" Ross. Morris would work 85 hours a week doing all of the bookkeeping for his department store. In 1958 Ross sold his store to William Isackson to become a residential and commercial real estate developer. Isackson built the company to six stores, located in San Bruno, Novato, Redwood City, Castro Valley. In 1982 a group of investors, including Mervin Morris, founder of the Mervyns chain of department stores, purchased the six Ross Department Stores in San Francisco, changed the format to off-price retail units, within three years expanded the chain to 107 stores under Stuart Moldaw and Don Rowlett.
By the end of 1995 the chain reached an annual sales of $1.4 billion with 292 stores in 18 states. By 2012 Ross reached $9.7 billion for the fiscal year with 1,091 stores in 33 states with an additional 108 for Dd's Discounts in 8 states. Ross moved its headquarters from Newark to Pleasanton, California, in the Tri-Valley area, in 2003. Barbara Rentler took the place of CEO Michael Balmuth on June 1, 2014. Ross moved its headquarters from Pleasanton to neighboring Dublin, California in 2014. T. J. Maxx Marshalls Burlington Official website
California State University, Dominguez Hills
California State University, Dominguez Hills is a public university in Carson, California. It is part of the California State University system. In Fall 2016 the university had a total enrollment of 14,731 students comprising 12,632 undergraduates and 2,099 post baccalaureates, with over half of the student population identifying as the first in their families to go to college. CSUDH is one of the most ethnically and economically diverse universities in the western United States, it enrolls the largest number and percentage of African American students of any CSU campus and is ranked nationally as a top degree producer for minority students, including graduating more African American students than any public university in California. CSUDH offers 46 majors for a Bachelor's degrees, 23 different Master's degrees, a variety of single, multi-subject and specialized teaching credentials and a number of undergraduate and post-baccalaureate certificate programs within its five colleges: College of Arts and Humanities, College of Business Administration and Public Policy, College of Extended and International Education, College of Health, Human Services and Nursing, College of Natural and Behavioral Sciences.
The university is accredited by the WASC Senior University Commission. The campus offers small class sizes for its students; the campus sits on the oldest land grant in the Los Angeles area. The land was in the continuous possession of the Dominguez family through seven generations - from its concession to Juan Jose Dominguez in 1784 to its acquisition by the people of the state of California for the university; the campus mascot is the Spanish for bull. The foundation for what would become CSU Dominguez Hills was built in 1960 when Governor of California Pat Brown provided state funds to begin development of the campus, it was to be located in Palos Verdes and known as South Bay State College. The tentative name was changed to California State College at Palos Verdes in 1962. In 1964, architect A. Quincy Jones designed a master plan for construction; as the permanent campus had not yet been constructed, the first classes began to be taught in 1965 at the California Federal Savings Bank in Rolling Hills Estates, California.
The college began with an enrollment of 40 students. In 1965 the designated location for the campus was moved to an area known as Dominguez Hills in Carson. John Muns, president of the Dominguez Hills Homeowners Association in 1965, recognized that for a community to be selected as the site for a state college was a mark of status and prestige, he headed up the campaign in support of Dominguez Hills, which at the time was still unincorporated ranch and farming land in the soon-to-be city of Carson. The university was established, in large part, as a response to the African American outcry for higher education standards and opportunities. Additionally, from the months of October to November in 1969, demonstrations regarding the Vietnam War were held on the campus. In 1977 the California Postsecondary Education Commission endorsed the college trustees’ desire to change the name of the school from California State College, Dominguez Hills to California State University, Dominguez Hills. In 2015, Cal State Dominguez Hills ranked #11 in Washington Monthly's list of Master's University Rankings.
This same year CSUDH was ranked 88th nationally by The Brookings Institution for the value-add to students who graduate from there. Using a similar methodology, The Economist ranked CSUDH 63rd in its 2015 college rankings. CSU Dominguez Hills is a major university for the Southern geographical region of Los Angeles County and Orange County, it offers 46 undergraduate majors, 23 master's degrees, a number of certificate and credential programs. The campus is accredited by the following associations: Western Association of Schools and Colleges, the Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs, the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, the National Association of Schools of Music, the National Association of Schools of Theatre. Dominguez Hills is the administrative headquarters of the California State University's Statewide Nursing Program. CSU Dominguez Hills is the home of Dignity Health Sports Park, a 27,000 seat multiple-sports and entertainment complex, which houses the LA Galaxy Soccer Team, Calvary Chapel's Easter Service each year among other community organizations.
The Velodrome seats 2,450, the Track and Field facilities are world-class. From 2009 to 2015 CSUDH hosted the Educación: Feria Es El Momento in partnership with Univision's Los Angeles stations KMEX 34 and KFTR 46 known as Feria Deja Huella designed to guide predominantly Spanish-speaking parents through the U. S. educational system. In 2012 over 35,000 attended the fair. California State University, Dominguez Hills has been designated a Hispanic-Serving Institution and is a member of the Computing Alliance of Hispanic-Serving Institutions, its College of Education & College of Arts and Humanities offer bilingual education teachers additional training for them to improve their academic Spanish. Starting in 2011 Cal State Dominguez Hills began hosting the "Honoring the Indigenous Peoples o
Newport Beach, California
Newport Beach is a coastal city in Orange County, United States. Its population was 85,287 at the 2010 census. Newport Beach is home to Balboa Island; the Upper Bay of Newport is a canyon, carved by a stream in the Pleistocene period. The Lower Bay of Newport was formed much by sand, brought along by ocean currents, which constructed the offshore beach, now recognized as the Balboa Peninsula of Newport Beach. Before settlers reached the coasts of California, the Newport area and surrounding areas were prominent Indian lands. Indian shells and relics can still be found today scattered throughout the area. Though, throughout the 1800s, settlers began to settle the area due to the availability of land; the State of California sold acre-plots of land for $1 a piece in the Newport area. Anglo-American inhabitation in the area grew following the events of 1870 when a 105-ton steamer named The Vaquero, captained by Captain Samuel S. Dunnells safely steered through the lower and upper bay of Newport where it unloaded its cargo.
James Irvine, after hearing the astonishing news traveled from his home in San Francisco to the San Joaquin Ranch. Meeting in Irvine's ranch house near current day UC Irvine with his brother, Robert Irvine, friend James McFadden, they all agreed that the newly found port should be named "Newport" thus where Newport Beach gets its name. In 1905, city development increased when Pacific Electric Railway established a southern terminus in Newport connecting the beach with downtown Los Angeles. In 1906, the scattered settlements were incorporated as the City of Newport Beach. Settlements filled in on West Newport, Newport Island, Balboa Island and Lido Isle. In 1923 Corona del Mar was annexed and in 2002 Newport Coast, East Santa Ana Heights and San Joaquin Hills, were annexed. In 2008, after a long battle with the city of Costa Mesa, Newport Beach annexed West Santa Ana Heights. Newport Beach extends in elevation from sea level to the 1161 ft summit of Signal Peak in the San Joaquin Hills, but the official elevation is 25 feet above sea level at a location of 33°37′0″N 117°53′51″W.
The city is bordered on the west by Huntington Beach at the Santa Ana River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 53.0 square miles. 23.8 square miles of it is land and 29.2 square miles of it is water. Areas of Newport Beach include Corona del Mar, Balboa Island, Balboa Peninsula, Lido Peninsula, Newport Coast, San Joaquin Hills, Santa Ana Heights, West Newport. Newport Harbor is a semi-artificial harbor, formed by dredging Newport Bay estuary during the early 1900s. Several artificial islands were built, which are now covered with private homes: Newport Island, Balboa Island, Little Balboa Island, Collins Island, Bay Island, Harbor Island, Lido Isle and Linda Isle. Newport Harbor once supported maritime industries such as boatbuilding and commercial fishing, but today it is used for recreation, its shores are occupied by private homes and private docks. With 9,000 boats, Newport Harbor is one of the largest recreational boat harbors on the U. S. west coast.
It's a popular destination for all boating activities, including sailing, rowing, canoeing and paddleboarding. Commercial maritime operations today include the Catalina Flyer ferry to Catalina Island, harbor tours, sport fishing and whale watching day trips and charters, a few small commercial fishing boats. Newport Bay is divided by the Pacific Coast Highway bridge, too low for most sailboats and large boats to pass under. North of the bridge is referred to as the Back Bay. South of the bridge is called Lower Newport Bay, or Newport Harbor; however the Back Bay has harbor facilities the marina and launch ramp at The Dunes. The north end of the Newport Harbor channels around Lido Island have a number of small business centers and were at one time used by the fishing fleets as their home. On the North East side of the channel, the Lido Marina Village now provides the local port to many "Newport Party Boats" as well as small merchants and local restaurants, it hosts the area boat show each year as well as an organic "Farmers Market" Sundays, in addition to being the port for the local Gondola Company.
In 2014, the center was closed for a renovation. In 1927 a home was built at the mouth of the entrance of Newport Harbor that came to be known as the China House of China Cove; the home was built using the traditional Chinese architecture. It was a landmark in the Newport Beach Harbor; some of the original roof can be seen on a home located in the China Cove. Upper Newport Bay is an estuary, formed by a prehistoric flow of the Santa Ana River. Today it is fed by a small stream from San Diego Creek. Much of Upper Newport Bay is a protected natural area known as the Upper Newport Bay Ecological Reserve, established in 1975. Newport Beach has a mid-latitude semi-arid climate with Mediterranean characteristics. Like many coastal cities in Los Angeles and Orange counties, Newport Beach exhibits weak temperature variation, both diurnally and seasonally, compared to inland cities a few miles from the ocean; the Pacific Ocean moderates Newport Beach's climate by warming winter temperatures and cooling summer temperatures.
Newport Beach does not receive enough precipita
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
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Smashburger is an American fast-casual hamburger restaurant chain founded in Denver, Colorado. As of February 2018, it has more than 370 corporate and franchise-owned restaurants in 37 states and 9 countries. Founded in 2007 by restaurant industry veterans Rick Schaden and Tom Ryan, the chain serves "smashed" burgers using a specialized process of cooking them on a flattop grill at a high heat; this technique originated in the Great Lakes Region at pressed-chuck burger restaurants, has been a staple there for decades. The method sears the burger to give a better flavor; these are topped with a number of different kinds of ingredients and can be customized. Additionally, the chain offers unique burgers in each city where its restaurants are located; the menu includes chicken and portobello sandwiches as well as french fries, sweet potato fries, fried pickles and other items. At least some locations offer Udi’s Healthy Foods gluten-free bun; the restaurant saw rapid growth after its first location opened in 2007 and it added several hundred locations within a few years, though a larger slowdown of the "better burger" industry saw it slow its size and expansion plans.
Company leaders considered an IPO, but Philippine-based quick-service operator Jollibee Foods Corporation bought a 40 percent stake in the company in 2015, at which time it was valued at $335 million. As of December 2018, Jollibee acquired 100% of Smashburger. Smashburger was founded in 2007 by two fast food industry veterans. Tom Ryan had helped to develop the stuffed crust pizza concept for Pizza Hut and served as chief concept officer for McDonald's, Rich Schaden was a former owner of Quiznos; the two launched the venture with private equity firm Consumer Capital Partners. The restaurant was envisioned to highlight a higher market for hamburgers, as a part of a wave of "better burger" restaurants including Shake Shack, which uses similar techniques, it adopted the name Smashburger, Ryan said, because the name "had this great hand-crafted connotation, which we do. It kind of had this organic, earthy popular approach, it had a little edginess to it, for younger, generational people." Ryan has a Ph.
D. in Flavor & Fragrance Technology and Lipid Toxicology from Michigan State. With $15 million in capital, the two bought a Denver restaurant, Icon Burger, to experiment with cooking and management techniques for a higher-end burger restaurant; the founders spent six months developing an efficient and fast "kitchen engine", designing the restaurant's kitchen to have modular surfaces, with a central griddle that houses a refrigerated area underneath where meatballs are stored. This allows the burger cook to be properly supplied without having to walk away from the griddle; the kitchen concept was adapted and standardized for every Smashburger location. The restaurant's signature "smashing" technique is achieved with a special cutter and technique, which allows it to train new cooks and open new locations without having to redesign the back-end process, they used flattop grills for the kitchen and rejected char broilers or barbecue grills, the founders did a blind taste test of 300 kinds of beef including varieties of Wagyu and Kobe for the burgers before settling on chopped Angus beef.
The founders systematically narrowed down the options until they came to just four, found that all were Angus beef provided by different distributors. With David Prokupek as CEO and Ryan focusing on developing the menu, the restaurant was designed with quick scalability in mind; the first Smashburger restaurant opened in Denver in June 2007, the chain expanded to Houston, to Minneapolis, areas where Ryan and other founding management were familiar with the local real estate market. Marketing for the restaurants focused on the customizability of the menu, freshness of ingredients, features to give each restaurant a local feel; the chain's first marketing revolved around the tagline "Smash, savor." In 2011, as the business was growing at a steady clip, it shifted its theme to "Smashed Fresh. Served Delicious." The restaurant identified 14 distinct customer archetypes to pursue based on income levels, geography and lifestyle. While it relied on social media to build its brand, the company started television and radio advertising in 2013 with Denver-based Definite Productions as a marketing manager.
It hired one of the executives from that company as chief marketing officer. The restaurant chain grew to 143 locations, half franchises, $54 million in annual revenue by the end of 2011; that year, it was reported to have as many as 450 franchise agreements in the books. That year it announced plans to open new locations around airport in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain through franchises, it had grown to 170 locations around the world by 2013, $228 million in revenue. In 2014 it grew to $300 million in revenue, it had grown to 312 stores with 7,000 employees in early 2015. In mid-2016 this had grown to 365 locations; that year, the company announced a franchise agreement with Pearl Investments LLC to open 26 new locations in the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. By mid-2017, this had grown to 380 locations in 38 U. S. states and nine countries, of which 220 were company owned and the rest were franchises. The success of Smashburger and other specialty burger restaurants is credited with taking market share from major fast food brands like McDonald's with Smashburger's burgers sold at higher prices.
Where McDonald's was considered the market leader for casual dining, it saw a sales drop of 2.4 percent and a 15 percent drop in net income in 2014, the first decline in those figures in 33 years. Changed consumer tastes, in particular Smashburger's po