South African Katanga Mikado 2-8-2

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South African Katanga Mikado 2-8-2
Bas Congo á Katanga Class 201
Katanga Mikado 2-8-2 no. 201.jpg
Builder's picture of Katanga Mikado no. 201, c. 1917
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer H.K. Porter, Inc
Builder H.K. Porter, Inc
Serial number 5993-6016
Model BCK Class 200
Build date 1917
Total produced 24
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 2-8-2 (Mikado)
 • UIC 1'D1'n2 as built
1'D1'h2 reboilered
Driver 3rd coupled axle
Gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge
Coupled dia. 44 in (1,118 mm)
Wheelbase 16,527 mm (54 ft 2.67 in)
 • Engine 27 ft (8,230 mm)
 • Coupled 12 ft 6 in (3,810 mm)
 • Tender 5,485 mm (17 ft 11.94 in)
 • Tender bogie 1,625 mm (5 ft 3.98 in)
Length:
 • Over beams 18,230 mm (59 ft 9.72 in)
Frame type Plate
Axle load 13 LT 12 cwt (13,820 kg)
Adhesive weight 122,000 lb (55,340 kg)
Loco weight 152,000 lb (68,950 kg)
Tender type 2-axle bogies
Fuel type Wood
Firebox type Round-top
 • Firegrate area 36.7 sq ft (3.41 m2)
Boiler:
 • Pitch 2,897 mm (9 ft 6.06 in)
 • Tube plates 5,087 mm (200.28 in)
 • Small tubes 236: 51 mm (2.01 in)
Boiler pressure 210 psi (1,448 kPa)
Heating surface 2,180 sq ft (203 m2)
 • Tubes 2,059.5 sq ft (191.33 m2)
 • Firebox 120.5 sq ft (11.19 m2)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 19 in (483 mm) bore
22 in (559 mm) stroke
Valve gear Walschaerts
Valve type Slide
Couplers Johnston link-and-pin (SAR)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 32,219 lbf (143.32 kN) @ 75%
Factor of adh. 3.79
Career
Operators South African Railways
Beira & Mashonaland & Rhodesia
CF du Bas Congo á Katanga
Class BCK 201
Number in class SAR 4 or 6
Numbers BCK 201-224
Nicknames Katanga Mikado
Delivered 1917
First run 1917
Withdrawn 1970s

The South African Railways Katanga Mikado 2-8-2 of 1917 was a steam locomotive.

In 1917, the South African Railways placed at least four 2-8-2 Mikado type steam locomotives in service. They had been built for the Chemins de Fer du Bas Congo à Katanga (BCK) in the Belgian Congo and were obtained on temporary lease to alleviate the critical shortage of locomotives as a result of the First World War's disruption of locomotive production in Europe and the United Kingdom.[1][2]

First World War[edit]

As a result of the disruption caused by the First World War, no new Cape Gauge locomotives could be introduced on the South African Railways (SAR) during 1916 and, by 1917, the rolling stock position was rapidly becoming critical, particularly regarding locomotives. New engines were almost unobtainable and spare parts so scarce that repairs and general overhauls had to be postponed to the utmost to keep engines in service. By March 1919, after the end of the war, 187 new locomotives and fourteen spare tenders were on order or authorised.[1][2]

Manufacturer[edit]

To partly alleviate the locomotive shortage, the SAR was able to lease four (six according to one source) of twenty-four new 200 Class 2-8-2 Mikado type tender steam locomotives which were built by H.K. Porter, Inc. of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania between June and October 1917 for the Chemins de Fer du Bas Congo à Katanga (BCK) in the Belgian Congo.[1][2][3][4][5]

Six more of these engines were leased to the Beira and Mashonaland and Rhodesia Railways (BMR), which operated between Umtali in Southern Rhodesia and Beira in Mozambique and which also experienced a critical shortage of motive power. The locomotives were numbered in the BCK range from 201 to 224, but the engine numbers of the individual locomotives which were leased to the SAR and BMR are not known.[3]

The arrangement was probably made possible because construction of the Congolese line from the Northern Rhodesian border to Port Francqui, for which the locomotives were intended, was just being completed at the time and the full complement of locomotives were not required immediately by the BCK.[6]

Characteristics[edit]

The locomotives used saturated steam and had Walschaerts valve gear with slide valves. Like many other Central African locomotives of the day, they were wood-burners and some modifications were required to adapt them to coal-burning on the SAR. In addition, their tenders and brake gear had been lost at sea and they had to be fitted with SAR tenders, which were pirated from unserviceable engines awaiting or undergoing repair. The required engine brake gear was designed in the Pretoria drawing office and manufactured in the Salvokop workshops.[1][2][3][6]

Service[edit]

No. 206 at Lubumbashi, 2 February 1972

Even though the Katanga Mikados were considered to be of rather light construction, they proved to be extremely useful during that time of crisis. They were all forwarded to the Belgian Congo after the war.[1]

In the 1930s eighteen of these locomotives were rebuilt with piston valves and superheated boilers. The superheated locomotives were reclassified 250 Class and renumbered in the range from 251 to 268. In 1955 more renumbering took place, with the remaining saturated steam engines being renumbered in the range from 219 to 224 and the superheated engines in the range from 201 to 218, again as 200 Class. The superheated engines survived to the end of steam in the Congo in the early 1970s, being employed on both shunting and line working.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Holland, D. F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. p. 32-33. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1945). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter VII - South African Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, September 1945. p. 673.
  3. ^ a b c Unknown author. The Katanga "Mikados". Article in unknown publication, date unknown, p. 194.
  4. ^ Roy V. Wright (ed.) (1922). Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practice. Sixth Edition. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Company, Woolworth Building, New York N.Y. (Accessed on 16 April 2016)
  5. ^ Roy V. Wright (ed.) (1922). Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practice - Foreign and Industrial Locomotives. Sixth Edition. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Company, Woolworth Building, New York N.Y. p. 1012. (Accessed on 16 April 2016)
  6. ^ a b C.F. du Bas Congo a Katanga 2-8-2 Locomotives of Congo - Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media - Class 201 (Locobase 15020) (Accessed on 16 April 2016)