Industrial University of Santander
The Industrial University of Santander, abbreviated in Spanish with the acronym UIS, is a public university system, based in a coeducational, research model. The university serves the Santander Department, being the main campus located in the city of Bucaramanga, Colombia; the university has satellite campuses across the department in the cities of Barrancabermeja, Barbosa, Málaga, Socorro. UIS is the largest higher education institution and is regarded as one of the leading multidisciplinary research universities in Colombia by student population, research groups, academic output, technological development, number of publications. UIS is one of the most selective Colombian universities and have been ranked as the top university in the North region of Colombia; the university was created by ordinance No. 83 of June 22, 1944, by the Departmental Assembly, began its labors in March 1948. The university offers a large number of degrees at undergraduate and postgraduate levels, with 124 academic programs, which includes 21 master, 9 medical residency programs, 6 doctorates.
The University was created by the municipal ordinance No. 83 of the 22nd of June, 1944, during the industrial boom that took place in Colombia after the II world war. After the accomplishment of several legislative and administrative developments, the University began its educational function the 1st of March, 1948 with 20 students. Only engineering degrees of Electronics and Chemical were offered. During the 50s and 60s were added the petroleum and metallurgical engineering as well as the school of health sciences with programs in medicine, bacteriology, physical therapy and social work, it is the latter, which influenced the change from the European Educational Administrative Model to the American Model, causing student protests and social discomfort due to the ideas brought by the Cuban Revolution Spirit in 1959 and the criticism of the bipartisan pact of the National Front. By the 70s, the University expanded its educative offerings to the engineering degree of systems, languages teaching and Mathematics.
After nearly two decades, in September 1994, the faculty of law and political science were added to become the first law program offered by a public educational institution in the north-eastern region of Colombia. Its main campus, known as Campus Universitario Principal, is located in the northeast part of the city and hosts the faculties of Sciences and Humanities, it possesses a second campus, which hosts the faculty of Health in close proximity to the University Hospital of Santander, a building known as the Sede Bucarica, a national heritage monument. UIS is ranked as one of the best universities in Colombia and Latin America. UIS has one of the higher academic outputs from Colombian universities. Since its foundation had developed innovative research in the field of engineering, basic sciences, medicine; the Colombian Institute of Petroleum and the National Center for Research in agrarian industry and tropical medicine are part of the University. Additionally, the University has 94 research laboratories, has its own press publisher, it's the main academic center associated with the Colombian Petroleum Company ECOPETROL.
Sergio - Engineering Student List of universities in Colombia Universidad Industrial de Santander official site FAVUIS UIS Foundation School
Pontifical Xavierian University
The Pontifical Xavierian University is a private higher education institution founded in 1623. It is one of the oldest, most traditional, prestigious Colombian universities, directed by the Society of Jesus, with its main facilities in Bogotá and a second campus in Cali. "La Javeriana", as it is known by its students, has traditionally educated the Colombian elite. It is one of the 33 universities entrusted to the Society of Jesus in Latin America and one of 167 around the world; the Javeriana University in Bogotá has 18 schools comprising 61 departments and 181 academic programs catering to areas of knowledge, giving the university its multidisciplinary nature. It has 45 buildings in 445 acres; the Javeriana University in Cali offers 18 schools in four faculties. It is located in Cali, its Law School received a high quality accreditation by Resolution 6808 6 August 2010, of the Ministry of National Education. The campus in Cali has sectional divisions of the Bolsa de Valores de Colombia, Temple University's Fox School of Business, others.
The University is one of the twelve universities in Colombia having a high quality institutional accreditation, granted to it for eight years by Resolution 1320, 12 June 2003, of the Ministry of National Education. The university has 21 undergraduate programs with high quality accreditation, eight programs in advanced stages of the accreditation process. In graduate programs, quality is acknowledged through the Qualified Registries; the university has 87 graduate programs with Qualified Registries and has presented another 29 to these processes. In the Times Higher Education World University Rankings Javeriana is ranked in the 501 to 600 range worldwide; the College of the Society of Jesus was established in Santafé de Bogotá in 1604 as part of the San Bartolome School and Cloister. In 1623, the Audience and the Archbishop recognized; the students at that time received their degree, including Pedro Claver. That is the origin of what was known as the Academy of Saint Francis Xavier. In 1767, the Jesuits were expelled from the Spanish colonies, which closed the first stage of Universidad Javeriana's history.
163 years after the university closed, an act of restoration was signed. In 1937 the School of Economics and Legal Sciences was founded, with the others following. In 1970, after multiple petitions from the community of Cali, the university started a programme in that city; the Universidad Javeriana in Cali took the name of "Cali Branch", offering degrees in business and psychology. The university offers 40 undergraduate programs, 69 professional specializations, 45 medical and surgical specializations, 8 dentistry specializations, 22 masters, 8 PhDs. School of Theology School of Philosophy School of Medicine School of Dentistry School of Nursing School of Psychology School of Law School of Political Science and International Relations School of Arts: drama, music School of Social Sciences: anthropology, literature, sociology School of Sciences: biology and physics, nutrition, biochemistry School of Engineering: civil engineering, industrial engineering, electronic engineering, systems engineering School of Economics and Management Sciences: management, economy.
School of Education: child pedagogy, basic education emphasizing Spanish and human sciences School of Communication and Language: communication studies, information science, languages School of Design and Architecture: architecture, industrial design, design of visual communication School of Environmental and Rural Studies: ecology and regional development The University has 61 departments and 14 institutes. Departments are academic units aimed at developing an area of knowledge through research and the implementation of services such as continuing education and advisory activities. Institutes are academic units responsible for research and consulting in areas requiring a special interdisciplinary approach. To provide technological support to research, education and administrative processes, the University has next-generation network services. Mention can be made of the technological components available in the following units: The SIU with its "People Soft" platform for Academic Management.
It has 130 laboratories and workshops. La Javeriana is among the leading universities researching the Muisca people and culture; the Xavierian University has two libraries: the General Library and the Mario Valenzuela, S. J. Library; the latter library specializes in philosophy and theology, is rated as the best in these disciplines in Latin America. It has seven document and resource centers in the following fields of knowledge: bio-ethics, political science, law, social communication, clinical epidemiology; the library stock numbers 418,008 titles among books, journals and dissertation papers, music scores, maps, VHS and DVD film recordings, sound videos, sound recordings. The system has about 90 subscriptions to databases and has access to complete text contents for online consultation of journals
A public university is a university, publicly owned or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country to another depending on the specific education landscape. In Egypt, Al-Azhar University was founded in 970 AD as a madrassa, making it one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the world, formally becoming a university in 1961, it was followed by a lot of universities opened as public universities in the 20th century such as Cairo University, Alexandria University, Assiut University, Ain Shams University, Helwan University, Beni-Suef University, Benha University, Zagazig University, Suez Canal University, where tuition fees are subsidized by the government. In Kenya, the Ministry of Education controls all of the public universities. Students are enrolled after completing the 8-4-4 system of education and attaining a mark of C+ or above. Students who meet the criteria determined annually by the Kenya Universities and Colleges Central Placement Service receive government sponsorship, as part of their university or college fee is catered for by the government.
They are eligible for a low interest loan from the Higher Education Loan Board. They are expected to pay back the loan after completing higher education. In Nigeria public universities can be established by both the federal government and by state governments. Examples include the University of Lagos, Obafemi Awolowo University, University of Ibadan, University of Benin, University of Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello University, Abia State University, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Gombe State University, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Federal University of Technology Yola, University of Maiduguri, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, University of Jos, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, University of Ilorin, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University South Africa has 23 public tertiary educational institutions, either categorised as a traditional university or a comprehensive university. Prominent public South African universities include the University of Johannesburg, University of Cape Town, Nelson Mandela University, North-west University, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Pretoria, University of Stellenbosch, University of Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and the University of South Africa.
In Tunisia, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research controls all of the public universities. For some universities, the ministry of higher education coordinates with other ministries like: the Ministry of Public health or the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies. Admission in a public university in Tunisia is assured after succeeding in the Tunisian Baccalaureate: Students are classified according to a Formula score based on their results in the Baccalaureate; the students make a wishlist with the universities they want to attend on a state website dedicated for orientation. Thus, the high-ranking-students get priority to choose. Examples of Tunisian public universities: Carthage University, Carthage Ez-Zitouna University, Tunis Manouba University, Manouba Tunis El Manar University, Tunis Tunis University, Tunis Université Tunis Carthage University of Gabès, Gabès University of Gafsa, Gafsa University of Jendouba, Jendouba University of Kairouan, Kairouan University of Monastir, Monastir University of Sfax, Sfax University of Sousse, Sousse There are 40 public universities in Bangladesh.
The universities do not deal directly with the government, but with the University Grants Commission, which in turn deals with the government. Many private universities are established under the Private University Act of 1992. All universities in Brunei are public universities; these are major universities in Brunei: University of Brunei Darussalam Brunei Technological University Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University In mainland China, nearly all universities and research institutions are public and all important and significant centers for higher education in the country are publicly administered. The public universities are run by the provincial governments; some public universities are national. Private undergraduate colleges do exist, which are vocational colleges sponsored by private enterprises; the majority of such universities are not entitled to award bachelor's degrees. Public universities enjoy higher reputation domestically. Eight institutions are funded by the University Grants Committee.
The Academy for Performing Arts receives funding from the government. The Open University of Hong Kong is a public university, but it is self-financed; the Shue Yan University is the only private institution with the status of a university, but it receives some financial support from the government since it was granted university status. In India, most universities and nearly all research institutions are public. There are some private undergraduate colleges engineering schools, but a majority of these are affiliated to public universities; some of these private schools are partially aided by the national or state governments. India has an "open" public university, the Indira Gandhi National Open University, which offers distance education, in terms of the number of enrolled students is now the largest university in the world with over 4 million students. There are private educational institutes in Indonesia; the government (Ministry of Re
Colombia the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru, it shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Honduras, Jamaica and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogota. Colombia has been inhabited by various indigenous peoples since 12,000 BCE, including the Muisca and the Tairona, along with the Inca Empire that expanded to the southwest of the country; the Spanish arrived in 1499 and by the mid-16th century conquered and colonized much of the region, establishing the New Kingdom of Granada, with Santafé de Bogotá as its capital. Independence from Spain was achieved in 1819, but by 1830 the "Gran Colombia" Federation was dissolved, with what is now Colombia and Panama emerging as the Republic of New Granada.
The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation, the United States of Colombia, before the Republic of Colombia was declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903. Beginning in the 1960s, the country suffered from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict and rampant political violence, both of which escalated in the 1990s. Since 2005, there has been significant improvement in security and rule of law. Colombia is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse countries in the world, with its rich cultural heritage reflecting influences by indigenous peoples, European settlement, forced African migration, immigration from Europe and the Middle East. Urban centres are located in the highlands of the Andes mountains and the Caribbean coast. Colombia is among the world's 17 megadiverse countries, the most densely biodiverse per square kilometer. Colombia is a middle power and regional actor in Latin America, it is part of the CIVETS group of six leading emerging markets and a member of the UN, the WTO, the OAS, the Pacific Alliance, other international organizations.
Colombia's diversified economy is the fourth largest in Latin America, with macroeconomic stability and favorable long-term growth prospects. The name "Colombia" is derived from the last name of Christopher Columbus, it was conceived by the Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda as a reference to all the New World, but to those portions under Spanish rule. The name was adopted by the Republic of Colombia of 1819, formed from the territories of the old Viceroyalty of New Granada; when Venezuela and Cundinamarca came to exist as independent states, the former Department of Cundinamarca adopted the name "Republic of New Granada". New Granada changed its name in 1858 to the Granadine Confederation. In 1863 the name was again changed, this time to United States of Colombia, before adopting its present name – the Republic of Colombia – in 1886. To refer to this country, the Colombian government uses the terms Colombia and República de Colombia. Owing to its location, the present territory of Colombia was a corridor of early human migration from Mesoamerica and the Caribbean to the Andes and Amazon basin.
The oldest archaeological finds are from the Pubenza and El Totumo sites in the Magdalena Valley 100 kilometres southwest of Bogotá. These sites date from the Paleoindian period. At Puerto Hormiga and other sites, traces from the Archaic Period have been found. Vestiges indicate that there was early occupation in the regions of El Abra and Tequendama in Cundinamarca; the oldest pottery discovered in the Americas, found at San Jacinto, dates to 5000–4000 BCE. Indigenous people inhabited the territory, now Colombia by 12,500 BCE. Nomadic hunter-gatherer tribes at the El Abra, Tibitó and Tequendama sites near present-day Bogotá traded with one another and with other cultures from the Magdalena River Valley. Between 5000 and 1000 BCE, hunter-gatherer tribes transitioned to agrarian societies. Beginning in the 1st millennium BCE, groups of Amerindians including the Muisca, Zenú, Tairona developed the political system of cacicazgos with a pyramidal structure of power headed by caciques; the Muisca inhabited the area of what is now the Departments of Boyacá and Cundinamarca high plateau where they formed the Muisca Confederation.
They farmed maize, potato and cotton, traded gold, blankets, ceramic handicrafts and rock salt with neighboring nations. The Tairona inhabited northern Colombia in the isolated mountain range of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; the Quimbaya inhabited regions of the Cauca River Valley between the Western and Central Ranges of the Colombian Andes. Most of the Amerindians practiced agriculture and the social structure of each indigenous community was different; some groups of indigenous people such as the Caribs lived in a state of permanent war, but others had less bellicose attitudes. The Incas expanded their empire onto the southwest part of the country. Alonso de Ojeda reached the Guajira Peninsula in 1499. Spanish explorers, led by Rodrigo de Bastidas, made the first exploration
University of Nariño
The University of Nariño called Udenar, is a public, research university based in the city of Pasto, Nariño, Colombia. It is the largest higher education institution by student population in the department with 9,867 students, its origins can be traced to 1712, but it was established by governor Julian Buchelli through decree 049 of November 7, 1904. The university has three campuses in Pasto; the main one, known as the University City of Torobajo, is located in the northern part of the city in the neighborhood of the same name, the second in the neighborhood of San Vicente is known as the Panamericana campus, the last is in the city's downtown, its first location. Udenar has several satellite campuses across the department in the cities of Ipiales, Samaniego and Tuquerres; the university offers education at technological and postgraduate levels, with 56 academic programs, which includes 5 master's and a doctorate in education. It is the host for 79 research groups recognized by COLCIENCIAS; the university is member of the Association of Colombian Universities and the Iberoamerican University Network Universia.
The university highest government body is the University Council, formed of twelve members: the governor of Nariño, the rector, the general secretary, representatives for the President of the Republic, the Ministry of Education, professors, students, former rectors, the productive sector and the governor of the department. The rector is the chief executive officer and is elected for a four-year period with the possibility of reelection; the current rector is Silvio Sánchez Fajardo, who started his term in 2007. Udenar is organized in eleven faculties: Agricultural Sciences, Agroindustrial Engineering, Arts and Administration Sciences, Engineering, Human Sciences, Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Husbandry Sciences. List of universities in Colombia University of Nariño official site
Universidad EAFIT is a private Colombian university located in Medellín offering 21 undergraduate programs, 70 specializations, 34 masters, six doctoral programs. The university offers degrees in various disciplines through its schools of Management, Law and Economics, Humanities. Universidad EAFIT was approved by the Colombian Ministry of Education on May 6, 1971, it has three additional branches in Bogotá, Rionegro. The university has received the Ministry of National Education's Institutional High Quality accreditation twice in a row, making it the first Colombian university to earn that recognition; this accreditation is valid through the end of 2018. EAFIT is the most prestigious private university in Medellin, it is approved and recognized by the National Education Ministry, based on act 759 from May 6 of 1971. The university's main campus is in the neighborhood of Medellín, it has additional campuses in Pereira and Llanogrande Rionegro. It is considered one of the top tier universities in Colombia by QS Rankings and MIDE.
Universidad EAFIT was founded in 1960 by a group of entrepreneurs in Medellín. Its main goal was to educate professionals who would address new challenges in management and technology. EAFIT started as a "School of Management and Finance." Two-year technological programs were offered. The institution organized itself as a university in 1975, when it started offering five-year programs in engineering. Professor Javier Toro Martínez was the first rector with a group of 59 students in the school of Business Administration; the Textile Technology, Industrial Programming and Mechanic faculties were opened in 1962. In 1996 EAFIT opened its first branch outside of Medellín in Llanogrande, offering degrees in Business Administration, Civil Engineering, Systems Engineering; the School of Social Sciences and Humanities was opened in 1997, adding new disciplines to an educational center, dedicated to Economics. The subsequent creation of the School of Music increased the number of programs in the Arts and Sciences.
The Product Design Engineering and Law faculties were created in 1999. This was followed by the creation of the Mathematics Engineering undergraduate program in 2002, the first of its kind in Colombia. Three new departments were added in 2004: Engineering Physics, Social Communication and Political Science; that same year the administration made the decision to rename the campus as "Park University", adding ecological grounds that include a large lake, an unpaved parking area. Dr. Juan Luis Mejía's goal was to integrate the university with the urban background of the city, while at the same time improving and protecting its natural environment; the project was awarded the Premio Lápiz de Acero from the Proyecto Diseño magazine of Medellín in the "Public Spaces" category. Added disciplines include majors in Psychology and Marketing, both established in 2011. Future offerings include programs in Sound Engineering. Since the process of accreditation started in Colombia in 2003, only 15 Colombian universities have earned a high quality accreditation.
EAFIT was given its first institutional accreditation for a period of six years in 2003. In March, 2010, that accreditation was renewed for eight years. All of its undergraduate programs are accredited as "high quality." Five of EAFIT's graduate programs earned a high quality accreditation. Universidad EAFIT offers 21 undergraduate programs. Biology Mathematical Engineering Physics Engineering Geology Music Communication Studies Political Science Business Administration International Business Public Accounting Marketing Psychology Civil Engineering Product Design Engineering Mechanical Engineering Process Engineering Production Engineering Computer Science Law Economics Finances Among the university's many organizations and clubs is the "100K Strong" initiative, which makes EAFIT the only institution of higher education in Colombia that takes part in this program created by U. S. president Barack Obama National Asociación Colombiana de Universidades. Colombian International Cooperation Network for University Education.
Universia College Portal. International Abroad Study academic interchange. ALFA Program. Latin American and Caribbean University Network of Non-Stop Education. 100.000 Strong in the Americas. Official site International EAFIT
University of Los Andes (Colombia)
The University of Los Andes commonly self-styled as Uniandes, is a private research university located in the city centre of Bogotá, Colombia. Founded in 1948 by a group of Colombian intellectuals led by Mario Laserna Pinzón, it was the first Colombian university established as nonsectarian. Los Andes has been regarded as one of the best Colombian universities—very ranked as the best—one of the top 10 in Latin America, one of the top 300 world universities, according to both the QS World Top University Ranking and the Times Higher Education Classification; the university is academically composed of nine schools, three special academic entities—the Alberto Lleras Camargo School of Government, the Center for Research and Training in Education, the Interdisciplinary Center for Development Studies —and a joint academic venture with the medical institution Santa Fe de Bogotá Foundation, offering 31 undergraduate, 18 doctoral, 38 graduate degree-granting programs in areas of human knowledge such as medicine, science and others.
As of 2011, the university had given birth to 128 research groups recognized by Colciencias, most of them in the social sciences, mathematics and engineering. By 2017, the number of groups recognized by Colciencias has increased to 153 research groups, it is one of the few Colombian universities to have received high quality institutional accreditation by the Colombian Ministry of Education, given in January 2015. In 1930, the Colombian presidential elections resulted in the appointment of Liberal party candidate Enrique Olaya Herrera to an office that had been, since 1880, under Conservative control; the latter years of this Conservative Republic were punctuated by events such as the Banana massacre, which may have been a contributing factor to the Colombian Conservative Party's loss of the presidency. During this new period of Liberal government, known as the Liberal Republic, the administrations of Alfonso López Pumarejo implemented changes intended to modernize the country. Restructuring of higher education, in particular of the National University of Colombia in 1935, agrarian reform in 1936, general promotion of industrialization resulted in rapid economic changes and growth.
According to some estimates, around 50% of existing Colombian corporations in 1945 were founded between 1940 and 1945, promoting the accumulation of wealth and the creation of a new middle class with political interests and international aspirations. However, in order to continue industrial development, there was an urgent need for skilled labor, reflected in the speech given by the Colombian Minister of Education to the Congress of Colombia in 1946: We have a lack of engineers, physicians, agronomists, veterinarians and lawyers in sufficient quantities to attend to the country's needs, the only solution lies in the enlargement of the universities... in the creation of a university for the country, that responds to what the country calls for. These words echo the suggestions made around 35 years earlier by liberal leader Rafael Uribe Uribe regarding the need for the modernization of the educational system; these intellectual currents were coherent with previous educational developments such as the foundation of the Gimnasio Moderno in 1914.
Amid the political tension and violence caused by the loss of liberal power in the 1946 elections, social unrest, industrial growth, leftist liberal presidential candidate Jorge Eliécer Gaitán was assassinated on April 9, 1948, in an event that shook the country and was taken by the founders as "the best argument for the foundation of the university". In November 1948, around a year after arriving back in Colombia from Columbia University, accompanied by intellectuals from the elites of both traditional parties, Mario Laserna Pinzón founded the Universidad de los Andes as the first nonsectarian and non-politically affiliated university in Colombia; the main goals with the establishment of the University were to provide Colombia with professionals whose technical knowledge benefited the development of the country, which made it necessary for them to study abroad and bring this knowledge back. In practice, Uniandes would be modeled after the American university, its students would receive not only technical but liberal education, in accordance to the need for the development of the human intellect for a practical, altruistic purpose, as per the Declaration of the Principles of the Founders.
Classes started the 29th of March, 1949, with only 80 students taking courses from a small set of faculties and schools. Of note was the Colegio de Estudios Superiores, or college, modeled on the American university college and had the responsibilities of offering classes on Humanities, English, Contemporary Civilization, Colombian Geography & History. Classes belonging to distinct curricula, but not specific to each, such as mathematics for Engineering and Architecture students, were the responsibility of the college. By the second academic year, in 1950, there were around 400 applications for 110 places of study in Uniandes. Increasing political violence in Colombia during the 1950s did not change the University's stance towards political neutrality, the inclusion of government representatives in the Board, as well as rectors and administrative staff belonging to both Conservative and Liberal