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South Gate, California

South Gate is the 17th largest city in Los Angeles County, with 7.4 square miles. South Gate is located 7 miles southeast of Downtown Los Angeles, it is part of the Gateway Cities region of southeastern Los Angeles County. The city was incorporated on January 20, 1923, it became known as the "Azalea City" when it adopted the flower as its symbol in 1965; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 94,396. In 1990, South Gate was one of ten U. S. communities to receive the All-America City Award from the National Civic League. Among the early Spanish settlers was one of California’s first families, the Lugos; the Lugo land grant encompassed a great part of. While Francisco Lugo was stationed at Mission San Antonio de Padua near Salinas, his first California son, Antonio Maria Lugo was born in 1775; that son became Don Antonio Maria Lugo, Spanish aristocrat and soldier, who settled on 30,000 acres of land that encompasses what is now the City of South Gate. In 1810, the King of Spain formally granted the land to Lugo as a reward for his and his father's military service.

Rancho San Antonio extended from the low range of hills which separated it from the San Gabriel Valley to the old Dominguez Ranch at its south, from the eastern boundary of the pueblo of Los Angeles to the San Gabriel River. Lugo served as mayor of Los Angeles from 1816 to 1819. A little over a century after the establishment of the Lugo Land Grant, the area at the south gate of the ranch became the City of South Gate; as Don Lugo's family grew, he obtained San Bernardino Rancho and other grants in his children's names. The future South Gate site and adjacent mesas presented a colorful spectacle when countless heads of cattle and horses were herded from all directions to a common point for the annual great spring rodeo. Lugo would direct the proceedings and settle disputes regarding ownership of contested animals as well as adjudicate agricultural disputes. In his saddle, he was the plains his courtroom. Don Antonio's son Vincente built his adobe dwelling in the 1850s on 5.5 acres. It is known as Lugo Ranch, is situated on modern day Gage Avenue in the City of Bell Gardens.

Before the end of the 1870s, much of the original land grant had been replaced by tracts of 40-acre. By 1880, cattle raising had been replaced by agriculture as the most important local industry. During the years between 1910 and 1940, most of the agricultural land was replaced by homes and factories. Early developers accelerated the suburbanization of what was called South Gate Gardens by subdividing the land into small plots and selling the empty plots to blue-collar workers. A majority of early homes were built individually as plot owners used "sweat equity rather than cash to construct their own homes" and the local economy relied on urban agriculture; the R. D. Tweedy family played an important part in South Gate's history. Tweedy was born in 1812 in Illinois and came to California by ox-drawn cart in 1852. Mrs. Tweedy rode across the prairies perched on her rocking chair in the cart; the family was large, several generations have lived in this city. The family members bought some 2,000 acres of the land.

The "downtown business district" in South Gate was named after the family and is known as the Tweedy Mile. The city was named in 1918 after the South Gate Gardens on the Cudahy Ranch; the city was incorporated five years in 1923, using the shortened form of the name. The name refers to the city's being south of Los Angeles. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 square miles. 7.2 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. The total area is 1.59% water. The Los Angeles River runs through the eastern part of South Gate. South Gate has a semi-arid Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers; the average annual precipitation is 14.8 inches per year with most occurring between November and April. Temperatures range from a low of 40 °F to a high of 110 °F; the average daily temperatures range from 54 °F to 73 °F. The 2010 United States Census reported that South Gate had a population of 94,396; the population density was 12,837.6 people per square mile.

The racial makeup of South Gate was 47,645 White, 3,209 Non-Hispanic White, 890 African American, 878 Native American, 732 Asian, 99 Pacific Islander, 40,624 from other races, 3,528 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 89,442 persons; the Census reported that 94,308 people lived in households, 16 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 72 were institutionalized. There were 23,278 households, out of which 13,805 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,183 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,706 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,261 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,879 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 134 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,292 households were made up of individuals and 996 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.05. There were 20,150 families; the population was spread out with 29,374 people under the age of 18, 11,298 people aged 18 to 24, 28,039 people aged 25 to 44, 19,062 people aged 45 to 64, 6,623 people who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 29

The Vatican Tapes

The Vatican Tapes is a 2015 American supernatural horror film directed by Mark Neveldine from a screenplay written by Christopher Borrelli, in turn based on a story by Chris Morgan and Christopher Borrelli. The film stars Olivia Taylor Dudley, Michael Peña, Dougray Scott, Djimon Hounsou, Peter Andersson, Kathleen Robertson, John Patrick Amedori, was released on July 24, 2015, by Lionsgate. In the Vatican, Vicar Imani shows Cardinal Bruun the case of Angela Holmes, a young American woman, suspected of harboring an evil spirit. Three months earlier in the United States, Angela is given a surprise birthday party by her father and boyfriend, Peter "Pete" Smith, she accidentally cuts herself and is rushed to the hospital, where she meets Father Lozano. She is injected with a serum. A few days she is released, but in the taxi on the way home, she violently grabs the wheel, causing an accident that puts her in a coma for 40 days. Just as her life support is about to be switched off, she comes round in perfect health.

However, Angela begins to show symptoms of demonic possession when she drowns a baby, followed by forcing a detective to commit suicide. Lozano sends her to a psychiatric hospital. A distraught Roger confesses. Angela's possession becomes worse. Deciding that nothing can save her, the hospital releases her; the movie returns to present day. Bruun concludes that Angela is possessed by the Antichrist due to the presence of the crows around her, which are agents of Satan, instructs Imani to stay back while he heads to the United States to cure her. An exorcism he plans involves a Eucharist, where Angela reacts by vomiting blood and spitting three eggs, meant to symbolize a perverted Trinity. Bruun comments that her birth from a prostitute perverts the virgin birth of Jesus Christ. Bruun realizes that the Antichrist is a part of Angela. Just after Bruun kills Angela, she rises up as the resurrected Antichrist, mirroring the Resurrection of Jesus, kills Bruun and Pete, she tells him to inform the Vatican that the Antichrist is roaming the Earth.

Three months Lozano, having been released from the hospital, visits the Vatican and is allowed access to the archives by Imani. He is shown footage of what has happened since: Angela returns as the only "survivor" of the exorcism besides Lozano and is now performing miracles to gather followers; the film ends with her entering a large room to greet her followers by stretching out her arms. Olivia Taylor Dudley as Angela Michael Peña as Father Oscar Lozano Dougray Scott as Roger, Angela’s father Djimon Hounsou as Vicar Imani Peter Andersson as Cardinal Mattias Bruun Kathleen Robertson as Dr. Richards, Angela's psychiatrist John Patrick Amedori as Peter "Pete" Smith, Angela's boyfriend Michael Paré as Detective Harris Alex Sparrow as Resident Kulik Cas Anvar as Dr. Fahti Principal photography began in July 2013 in Los Angeles; the Vatican Tapes opened theatrically on July 24, 2015 in 427 venues, earning $832,271 in its first weekend, ranking fifteenth in the United States box office and last among the week's new releases.

The film finished its theatrical run four weeks on August 20, having grossed $1,784,763 domestically. Overseas, the film made $11,680,747, giving the film a worldwide total of $13,465,510, based on an estimated $13 million budget; the film received negative reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 19%, based on 42 reviews, with an average rating of 3.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "A loud, rote exorcism thriller that presents nothing new to an overpopulated subgenre." On Metacritic the film has a score of 38 out of 100, based on 12 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". IGN awarded it a score of 2.5 out of ten, saying "It exists without any real scares or chills, only the smallest attempt to differentiate itself." The Vatican Tapes on IMDb The Vatican Tapes at Box Office Mojo The Vatican Tapes at Rotten Tomatoes The Vatican Tapes at Metacritic

Massive Noise Injection

Massive Noise Injection is a live album by the band Wolfsbane recorded at The Marquee, London on 20 February 1993. "Protect & Survive" - 3:47 "Load Me Down" - 3:02 "Black Lagoon" - 4:54 "Rope & Ride" - 4:08 "Kathy Wilson" - 4:21 "Loco" - 3:33 "End of the Century" - 4:10 "Steel" - 4:56 "Temple of Rock" - 5:37 "Manhunt" - 3:56 "Money to Burn" - 6:56 "Paint the Town Red" - 3:48 "Wild Thing" - 5:31 "Hollow Man" * "Want Me All the Time" *The extra tracks were only available on the limited edition double vinyl and the Japanese CD releases. They are now included as bonus tracks on the 20th anniversary CD available on the band's website. Studio versions of these tracks were available on the Bonus CD Everything Else; the sleeve lists the two extra tracks in the wrong order. Blaze Bayley introduces "Hollow Man" as "The Hollow Man". "Want Me All the Time" is known as "Want Me" on Everything Else. Of the new songs that featured on this album, only "Protect & Survive" appeared on the following studio album Wolfsbane.

Studio versions of "Rope & Ride", "End of the Century", "Hollow Man" and "Want Me" are all featured on the Bonus CD Everything Else. Blaze Bayley: Vocals Jason Edwards: Guitar Jeff Hately: Bass Steve Danger: Drums

Lockdown (2005)

Lockdown was a professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling promotion, which took place on April 24, 2005, at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida, it was the first event under the Lockdown chronology and the fourth event in the 2005 TNA PPV schedule. Eight professional wrestling matches and one pre-show match were featured on the event's card; every match took place inside a six sided steel structure known as the Six Sides of Steel. As a result, Lockdown was the first-ever; the main event was for a NWA World Heavyweight Championship match at TNA's Hard Justice PPV event between A. J. Styles and Abyss. Styles won the match, thus earning his title shot against then-champion Jeff Jarrett at Hard Justice. TNA held the first-ever Lethal Lockdown match during the event, it pitted Team Nash against Team Jarrett. Kevin Nash was supposed to take part in the match but was removed due to sickness and was replaced with James; the TNA X Division Championship defense by Christopher Daniels against Elix Skipper was another promoted match for the event.

Daniels won the bout and retained the title. Jeff Hardy versus Raven in a Six Sides of Steel Tables match was featured on the card, which Hardy won; this event marked the introduction of the Lethal Lockdown and Xscape matches, which became annually held matches at future Lockdown events. During the event, Chris Candido received an injury during his tag team match with Lance Hoyt against Apolo and Sonny Siaki, which led to Candido's death from a blood clot as a result of surgery for the injury. Jason Clevett of the professional wrestling section of the Canadian Online Explorer rated the event a 6 out of 10, two marks lower than the 2006 event's ranking by Chris Sokol. In October 2017, with the launch of the Global Wrestling Network, the event became available to stream on demand. TNA announced in a January 24, 2005, press release that they planned to host a PPV titled Lockdown on April 24, 2005 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. In late-February 2005, In Demand ran a preview and stated that there would be two steel cage matches held at Lockdown.

A Six Man Tag Team match. TNA created a section for the event on their official website. On the April 8, 2005 episode of TNA's television program TNA Impact!, Director of Authority Dusty Rhodes announced that all matches at Lockdown would be held inside a six sided steel structure known as the Six Sides of Steel. TNA followed up with a press release through their website. TNA issued a parental advisory a few days after the announcement due to violence associated with steel cage matches. A thirty-minute pre-show was planned before the spectacle that featured a Three Way Tag Team match between 3Live Kru, David Young and Lex Lovett, The Naturals. Lockdown featured eight professional wrestling matches and one pre-show match that involved different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers portrayed villains, heroes, or less distinguishable characters in the scripted events that built tension and that culminated into a wrestling match or series of matches; every match was contested inside the Six Sides of Steel.

Before the announcement that all matches be held inside the Six Sides of Steel, TNA advertised that only two would be under such rules. These two matches became the headlining bouts for the card; the first was announced on the March 25 episode of Impact! as Team Nash versus Team Jarrett. Abyss versus A. J. Styles for a future NWA World Heavyweight Championship match was the second announced on the April 1 episode of Impact!, which became the main event of the gathering. The storyline behind Styles versus Abyss began at TNA's Against All Odds PPV event on February 13, where Abyss defeated Jeff Hardy in a Full Metal Mayhem match to earn a future NWA World Heavyweight Championship title shot. During a backstage segment on the February 18 episode of Impact!, Abyss gave the title match contract to Traci, wanting it given to DOA Dusty Rhodes as she was trying to become Rhodes' personal assistant at the time. On the March 25 episode of Impact!, Abyss tried to retrieve his contract from now co-assistant to Rhodes, Traci.

This led to a brawl with Styles as he tried to defend Traci and co-assistant Trinity as they fled in fear from Abyss. The match was announced on the April 1 episode of Impact!. Rhodes announced on the April 8 episode of Impact! that the winner of the bout would get their title shot at TNA's Hard Justice PPV event on May 15. Team Nash versus Team Jarrett began on the March 18 episode of Impact! when Nash requested a six man tag team cage match at Lockdown from Rhodes. The following week, Rhodes granted the request and announced it for the Lockdown card. On the April 8 episode of Impact!, Rhodes proclaimed that the encounter was now a Lethal Lockdown match, in which weapons were legal and one wrestler from each team started the match. Afterwards, members from each team entered at time intervals until all wrestlers were involved in the bout so a pinfall or submission could occur; the storyline behind this encounter revolved around Jarrett and his reign as NWA World Heavyweight Champion. At Against All Odds, Jarrett defended the title against Nash, which Waltman and The Outlaw interfered with by aiding Nash and Jarrett, respectively.

At TNA's previous PPV event Destination X on March 13, Jarrett defended the

Non-line-of-sight propagation

Non-line-of-sight and near-line-of-sight are radio transmissions across a path, obstructed by a physical object in the innermost Fresnel zone. Many types of radio transmissions depend, to varying degrees, on line of sight between the transmitter and receiver. Obstacles that cause NLOS conditions include buildings, hills, and, in some cases, high voltage electric power lines; some of these obstructions reflect certain radio frequencies, while some absorb or garble the signals. Lower power levels at a receiver reduce the chance of receiving a transmission. Low levels can be caused by at least three basic reasons: low transmit level, for example Wi-Fi power levels. NLOS lowers the effective received power. Near Line Of Sight can be dealt with using better antennas, but Non Line Of Sight is requires alternative paths or multipath propagation methods. How to achieve effective NLOS networking has become one of the major questions of modern computer networking; the most common method for dealing with NLOS conditions on wireless computer networks is to circumvent the NLOS condition and place relays at additional locations, sending the content of the radio transmission around the obstructions.

Some more advanced NLOS transmission schemes now use multipath signal propagation, bouncing the radio signal off other nearby objects to get to the receiver. Non-Line-of-Sight is a term used in radio communications to describe a radio channel or link where there is no visual line of sight between the transmitting antenna and the receiving antenna. In this context LOS is taken Either as a straight line free of any form of visual obstruction if it is too distant to see with the unaided human eye As a virtual LOS i.e. as a straight line through visually obstructing material, thus leaving sufficient transmission for radio waves to be detectedThere are many electrical characteristics of the transmission media that affect the radio wave propagation and therefore the quality of operation of a radio channel, if it is possible at all, over an NLOS path. The acronym NLOS has become more popular in the context of wireless local area networks and wireless metropolitan area networks such as WiMAX because the capability of such links to provide a reasonable level of NLOS coverage improves their marketability and versatility in the typical urban environments where they are most used.

However NLOS contains many other subsets of radio communications. The influence of a visual obstruction on a NLOS link may be anything from negligible to complete suppression. An example might apply to a LOS path between a television broadcast antenna and a roof mounted receiving antenna. If a cloud passed between the antennas the link could become NLOS but the quality of the radio channel could be unaffected. If, instead, a large building was constructed in the path making it NLOS, the channel may be impossible to receive. Beyond Line-Of-Sight is a related term used in the military to describe radio communications capabilities that link personnel or systems too distant or too obscured by terrain for LOS communications; these radios utilize active repeaters, groundwave propagation, tropospheric scatter links, ionospheric propagation to extend communication ranges from a few miles to a few thousand miles. From Maxwell's equations we find that radio waves, as they exist in free space in the far field or Fraunhofer region behave as plane waves.

In plane waves the electric field, magnetic field and direction of propagation are mutually perpendicular. To understand the various mechanisms that allow successful radio communications over NLOS paths we must consider how such plane waves are affected by the object or objects that visually obstruct the otherwise LOS path between the antennas, it is understood. By definition, line of sight is the visual line of sight, determined by the ability of the average human eye to resolve a distant object. Our eyes are sensitive to light but optical wavelengths are short compared to radio wavelengths. Optical wavelengths range from about 400 nanometer to 700 nm but radio wavelengths range from 1 millimetre at 300 GHz to 30 kilometres at 10 kHz; the shortest radio wavelength is therefore about 2000 times longer than the longest optical wavelength. For typical communications frequencies up to about 10 GHz, the difference is on the order of 60,000 times so it is not always reliable to compare visual obstructions, such as might suggest a NLOS path, with the same obstructions as they might affect a radio propagation path.

NLOS links may either be duplex or half-duplex. Under normal conditions, all radio links, including NLOSl are reciprocal—which means that the effects of the propagation conditions on the radio channel are identical whether it operates in simplex, duplex, or half-duplex. However, propagation conditions on different frequencies are different, so traditional duplex with different uplink and downlink frequencies is not reciprocal. In general, the way a plane wave is affected by an obstruction depends on the size of the obstruction relative to its wavelength and the electrical proper

Garrigues (law firm)

Garrigues is a law firm with offices in Spain, London, New York, 9 other countries. Founded in 1941, the firm has experience in a wide range of fields and industries, from traditional practice areas to the newest legal fields; as of July 2015, Garrigues was the second largest law firm in turnover in Continental Europe. In 1941, two brothers, Joaquín and Antonio Garrigues Díaz-Cañabate, founded J&A Garrigues. Born in 1899, Joaquín Garrigues Díaz-Cañabate became a professor of commercial law at age 29. According to the Garrigues company’s Web site, he oversaw reforms to Spanish company law in 1944 at the Institute of Political Rights, he founded the Revista de Derecho Comercial in 1946, soon after he prepared the draft legislation that would become the Spanish Corporations Law and the Limited Liability Companies Law; the younger brother, Antonio Garrigues Díaz-Cañabate, was born in 1904. He practiced law until his appointment in 1931 as director-general of registries and notaries during the days of the Spanish Republic.

He was ambassador to the United States and to the Vatican, he became the minister of justice in the first government of the returned Spanish monarchy. The company says that “During the second half of the 20th century, J&A Garrigues played an active role in Spanish legal life and played host to reforms to the country’s legislation during the transition to democracy, placing the firm in an ideal position to dominate the legal services market.” In 1997 it merged with Arthur Andersen, Asesores Legales y Tributarios and became Garrigues & Andersen. In March 2002, with the disappearance of the Andersen Worldwide network, the firm became independent, today it operates under the name of Garrigues. In 1991 the company set up the Portuguese Legal Group, along with other firms from Portugal and the United Kingdom. Garrigues’s Portuguese practice has been operating since January 2005 through Garrigues Portugal, which incorporated the firm Leónidas, Matos & Associados. In 2013, Garrigues took the first step towards opening its own office network in Latin America.

In 2017 Fernando Vives was re-elected executive chairman of Garrigues for five-year term. Official site Garrigues pulls plug on Latin America alliance to go alone Garrigues expands LATAM presence to Chile Garrigues and Fernando Vives, most influential law firm and lawyer Board of Executives at Garrigues Partners Ratified for a Second Period Garrigues, of Madrid. "Spain Law Digest". Martindale Hubbell International Law Digest, Argentina-Vietnam Law Digests. New Providence, NJ and London, England: Reed Elsevier Inc. Retrieved November 11, 2018 – via Internet Archive