Micklefield railway station
Micklefield railway station serves the village of Micklefield, near Garforth in West Yorkshire, England. It lies on the York Lines, operated by Northern, 9.75 miles east of Leeds. Just east of the station, the York and Selby Lines split in their respective directions; the station was opened by the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834, though buildings weren't erected until the following year. The line towards Church Fenton was added by the North Eastern Railway in 1869 and four years the first of two rounds of improvements to the station were initiated, with the rebuilding of the 1835 station house. After this was completed, there were complaints leveled at the NER by local travellers over the facilities on offer and so in 1879, the contract for a new station was placed; this included new platforms, footbridge and a booking office on the westbound platform, along with access from the original A1 Great North Road. The buildings and bridge were demolished in the 1970s and there are now only basic waiting shelters on each platform.
The station is unstaffed and travellers must purchase their tickets on the train. Train running information is provided via CIS displays, automated announcements and timetable poster boards. Step-free access is available to both platforms. Monday to Saturday daytime there is a half-hourly service calling at all stations to Leeds. Evenings and Sundays, the service is hourly. Regular weekday running to destinations west of Leeds ended at the December 2018 timetable change, save for a small number of morning peak trains. Eastbound there is an hourly service to York and Selby next stop South Milford during Monday to Saturday daytimes. Evenings and Sundays, there is an hourly service to York only. Train times and station information for Micklefield railway station from National Rail
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Manchester Piccadilly station
Manchester Piccadilly is the principal railway station in Manchester, England. Opened as Store Street in 1842, it was renamed Manchester London Road in 1847 and Manchester Piccadilly in 1960. Located to the south-east of Manchester city centre, it hosts long-distance intercity and cross-country services to national destinations including London, Glasgow, Cardiff, Exeter, Reading and Bournemouth, it is one of 19 major stations managed by Network Rail. The station has twelve terminal and two through platforms. Piccadilly is a major interchange with the Metrolink light rail system with two tram platforms in its undercroft. Piccadilly is the busiest station in the Manchester station group with nearly 28 million passenger entries and exits between April 2017 and March 2018, it is the fourth busiest station in the United Kingdom outside London. The station hosts services from six train operating companies, it is the second busiest interchange station outside London, with 3.8 million passengers changing trains annually.
Between the late 1990s and early 2000s, Piccadilly Station was refurbished, taking five years and costing £100 million, it was the most expensive improvement on the UK rail network at the time. Further improvements and expansion plans have been proposed. In December 2014, a Transport and Works Act application was submitted for the construction of two through platforms as part of the Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Oxford Road Capacity Scheme; as of 2019, this application has not been approved by the incumbent government. To allow the station to accommodate high speed services under High Speed 2 proposals, five platforms would be required and the Metrolink station would be reconfigured. A preferred option of the more speculative High Speed 3 programme requires the construction of more platforms underneath the existing platforms. In June 1840, the Manchester and Birmingham Railway opened a temporary terminus on its line to Stockport on Travis Street. A large site, 1,700 ft long by 500 ft wide, was cleared of terraced houses and industrial premises to make way for the permanent station Store Street, built on top of a viaduct, 30 ft above ground level.
The station was opened adjacent to London Road on 8 May 1842. It had two platforms and passenger amenities and by the line had been extended to Crewe. Store Street was designed by M&BR's chief engineer, George W. Buck, who designed many of the line's structures including the Stockport Viaduct. Charles Hutton Gregory was the assistant engineer; the station was shared from the beginning with the Sheffield, Ashton-under-Lyne and Manchester Railway following an agreement made by the promoters in 1837. The M&BR amalgamated with other railway companies to create the London and North Western Railway in 1846; the SA&MR changed its name to the Manchester and Lincolnshire Railway three years later. In 1847, the station was renamed London Road. In 1849 the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway began using the station after its line from Manchester Oxford Road was extended, its single platform which opened on 1 August 1849 to the south of, adjacent to the main part of station, was the predecessor of through platforms 13 and 14.
The MSJA&R's line connected to the main line south of the station and formed a through route to the LNWR's line to Liverpool. By the 1850s, London Road was overcrowded and the relationship between the LNWR and MS&LR had deteriorated. In 1862, the station was rebuilt and expanded so that it could be divided, the MS&LR occupying the north-eastern side and the LNWR the south-western side; the station was given a new entrance building and concourse and each company had separate booking offices and passenger facilities. A 656 ft long iron and glass trainshed was built over the terminal platforms. On 20 January 1866, a fatal accident occurred during the roof's construction, when part of it collapsed killing two workmen and injuring 30 others; the enquiry determined that the collapse was caused by heavy snowfall. At the same time, both companies built warehouses around the northern side of the station, the viaduct south of the station to Ardwick was widened to carry four tracks. Within ten years, the station was again over-crowded as traffic continued to increase and expansion was again required.
Between 1880 and 1883, the LNWR widened its side of the station and built more platforms, which were covered by two more 69 ft wide arched spans to the trainshed. At the same time, the MSJ&AR platform was taken out and rebuilt as an island platform on a girder bridge over Fairfield Street and linked to the main station by a footbridge. In May 1882, the improvements were opened. In 1910, the adjacent Mayfield station opened with four platforms to alleviate overcrowding at London Road; the stations were linked by a footbridge. Mayfield station closed to passengers in 1960 and to all traffic in 1986; the derelict station has remained in situ despite proposed redevelopment schemes including reopening it to relieve demand. Following the 1923 railway grouping, the LNWR amalgamated with several other railway companies to create the London and Scottish Railway, the GCR amalgamated with other railways to create the London and North Eastern Railway; the division of the station was maintained and it continued to be operated as two separate statio
Hull Paragon Interchange
Hull Paragon Interchange is an integrated rail and coach station in the city centre of Kingston upon Hull, England. The G. T. Andrews-designed station was named Paragon Station, together with the adjoining Station Hotel, it opened in 1847 as the new Hull terminus for the growing traffic of the York and North Midland leased to the Hull and Selby Railway; as well as trains to the west, the station was the terminus of the Y&NMR and H&S railway's Hull to Scarborough Line. From the 1860s the station became the terminus of the Hull and Holderness and Hull and Hornsea railways. At the beginning of the 20th century the North Eastern Railway expanded the trainshed and station to the designs William Bell, installing the present five arched span platform roof. In 1962 a modernist office block Paragon House was installed above the station main entrance, replacing a 1900s iron canopy. A bus station was erected adjacent to the north of the station in the mid 1930s. In the early 2000s plans for an integrated bus and rail station were made, as part of a larger development including a shopping centre.
The new station, named "Paragon Interchange" opened in September 2007, integrating the city's railway and bus stations under William Bell's 1900s trainshed. The station is operated by TransPennine Express, which provides train services along with Northern, Hull Trains and London North Eastern Railway. In 1840 the Hull and Selby Railway opened the first railway line into Hull, terminating at a passenger and goods terminal, Manor House Street station, adjacent to the Humber Dock, near the old town. Subsequently, the Hull and Selby Railway entered into working arrangements with the Manchester and Leeds Railway and the York and North Midland Railway. In 1845 an Act of Parliament enabled the York and North Midland and/or the Manchester and Leeds to take a lease of the company with an option to buy the line at a date – only the York and North Midland was subsequently active. In 1846 the Hull and Selby completed its Bridlington branch which connected from a junction at Dairycoates near Hull to a line the York and North Midland was building from Bridlington to Seamer, connecting to its York to Scarborough Line, forming a railway route from Hull to Scarborough on the east coast.
In 1846 the York and North Midland and Manchester and Leeds railways began proceedings to create a new terminal station and connecting branch line in Hull. The "York and North Midland, 1847" act was subsequently passed; the new station had the advantage of being better situated for travellers, allowed the old station to be used for freight traffic. In addition the Hull and Selby company were keen to attract the investment in a new station from the leaseholders, as the capital investment was to increase the permanence of the relationship with the lessors; the branches to the station were constructed off the Bridlington branch: a branch turning north-east close to the line's crossing of the Hessle Road. In addition a new connecting chord was made from the Hull and Selby Line, to the Bridlington branch, allowing direct through running from the west into the new station; the station was located on the western edge of the growing Georgian town, took its name from "Paragon Street". Construction contracts had been signed by early 1847.
The station opened in 1847 without any notable ceremony. The station and hotel were both in the Italian Renaissance style, with both Doric and Ionic order elements; the main station building was aligned east-west, south of the tracks, facing onto Anlaby Road – a two-storey centrally located booking hall was entered via a small porte-cochère, flanked by 11 bay wide single storey wings, with two storey 3 bay buildings on either end, one a parcels office, the other the station master's house. The train shed contained 5 tracks and 2 platforms, each 30 feet, covered with a three span iron roof; the station site was nearly 2.5 acres. The hotel was in a similar style to the station, located at the east end of the station with its main fascade and entrance facing east, it was completed in 1849 as 9 bays wide, of area 120 by 130 feet. The centre of the building contained a 650 feet square lightwell with ground glass roof. Architect for both buildings was G. T. Andrews, represent his last major commission.
The station and hotel were described by some contemporaries as "Hudson's Folly", who thought the scale of the development too great. By the time of completion of the station hotel George Hudson, chairman of the York and North Midland was in disgrace after his fraudulent dealings had been discovered; the Hotel's official opening ceremony took place on 6 November 1851. Additional facilities at the station included a locomotive house, on the west end of north side of the main shed. A new engine shed was constructed in the 1860s, a 20 engine shed was constructed in the mid 1870s. In 1853 Queen Victoria visited the town, the use of the station hotel given to the corporation for the accommodation of the royal party; the royal party including the Queen, Prince Cons
Northern (train operating company)
Northern is a train operating company in Northern England. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. Central to franchise commitments will be the introduction of 101 new-built units – the Class 195 and 331; these will be the first new-build trains for the Northern franchise since the introduction of the Class 333 in 2000 and the new rolling stock will enable all 102 Pacer trains in service with Northern to be retired by the end of 2019. Additionally, it is planned that a franchise sub-brand, known as Northern Connect, will provide inter-urban services between major cities and towns in Northern England, as well as serving a number of major commuting stations; however since the franchise began in April 2016, it has been beset by falling punctuality, poor customer service, regular industrial action by staff and delays in introducing new rolling stock due to issues encountered during testing.
Despite passenger growth at the vast majority of train operating companies in the United Kingdom and the Northern franchise operating more services, the number of passengers carried since the franchise commenced in 2016 has declined and has been attributed to worsening performance. The franchise will run to 2025 with an option for an additional year, dependent on performance. In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise; the franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015. In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva. Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'In April 2018, a penalty fare scheme under the Railways Regulations 2018 commenced to encourage passengers to purchase a ticket before boarding trains.
Although this scheme is not wholly enforced across the Northern network, passengers are liable to paying a £20 penalty fare if they are deemed to have travelled without a valid ticket and had the ability to purchase a ticket prior to boarding the train at the station of origin. Customers who need to purchase a ticket at the station of origin with cash may do so by collecting a'Promise to Pay' notice prior to boarding from a ticket machine as these are not capable of accepting cash; these notices can be exchanged with the on-board conductor or with a member of railway staff at the destination station for a paid ticket. Section 6 of the Railways Regulations 2018 covers a number of scenarios that prohibit penalty fares being issued such'no facilities in operation for the sale of a travel ticket for that passenger’s journey'; the franchise was criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations. Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018.
In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018 – it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change. Punctuality was bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool-Preston electrification scheme and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased with more services utilising the Ordsall Chord which became operational in December 2017. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November – Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. An alternative timetable had to be drafted up and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock which resulted in widespread cancellations. Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion and which had a knock-on effect.
Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM – measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time – of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009. Performance towards the latter half of the 2018 continued to be poor with many passengers protesting and the network beset by a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action. In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 – this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable. Between 14 October and 10 November 2018, Northern recorded the worst monthly performance on record with more trains late than on time. Less than 40% of services arrived on time and only 71.9% departed within 5 minutes of the scheduled departure time.
By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality. Both have pushed the franchise into a loss-making entity and face a £282 million government subsidy shortfall, due to be passed onto the franchise. Since the franchise commenced in April 2016 and despite an increase
Selby District is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England. The local authority, Selby District Council, is based in the town of Selby and provides services to an area which includes Tadcaster and a host of villages; the Local Authority had a population of 83,449 at the 2011 Census. It is the southern most district of North Yorkshire, it borders the City of York, a unitary authority, the districts of the City of Leeds and the City of Wakefield, in West Yorkshire, the town of Doncaster, in South Yorkshire, the ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire, the Borough of Harrogate; the district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of Selby Urban District, Selby Rural District and parts of Derwent Rural District, Hemsworth Rural District, Osgoldcross Rural District and Tadcaster Rural District. Of them, Derwent Rural District was in the historic East Riding of Yorkshire, but the rest were in the West Riding of Yorkshire. On 1 April 1996, the parishes of Acaster Malbis, Askham Bryan, Askham Richard, Copmanthorpe, Dunnington, Fulford, Kexby and Wheldrake were all transferred from the district to form part of the new City of York unitary authority.
According to the 2001 census, those parishes had a population of 22,873. Selby is twinned with Carentan in Filderstadt in Germany. Settlements in the district of Selby include: Barlby, Bilbrough, Brayton Camblesforth, Cawood, Church Fenton, Chapel Haddlesey Drax Eggborough, Escrick Fairburn Gateforth Hambleton, Hensall, Hillam Kelfield, Kirk Smeaton Lumby Monk Fryston North Duffield Osgodby Riccall Selby, Sherburn in Elmet, South Milford Tadcaster, Thorpe Willoughby Ulleskelf Wistow The Conservative party have a majority on the council, with Labour in opposition. In July 2018, a senior Tory defected to the Yorkshire Party. Prescott rules out regional polls Everything you need to know about Selby North Yorkshire
Selby is a town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England, 14 miles south of York on the River Ouse, with a population at the 2011 census of 14,731. Part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Selby once had a large shipbuilding industry, was an important port on the Selby Canal which brought trade from Leeds. Selby Town F. C. play in the Northern Counties East Football League. The town’s origins date from the establishment of a Viking settlement on the banks of the River Ouse. Archaeological investigations in Selby have revealed extensive remains, including waterlogged deposits in the core of the town dating from the Roman period onwards, it is believed that Selby originated as a settlement called Seletun, referred to in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of AD 779. The town of Selby, a sizeable town on the main route north from the Midlands, is the traditional birthplace of King Henry I, fourth son of William the Conqueror, in 1068/69. King Henry I is reputed to have been born there in either 1068 or 1069.
A notable feature of the abbey is the 14th century Washington Window, featuring the heraldic arms of the ancestors of George Washington, the first president of the United States. The design is cited as an influence for the Stars and Stripes flag; the abbey was founded when Benedict saw three swans on a lake in Selby, he saw it as a sign of the Father and Holy Ghost. That is. Selby Abbey was closed in 1539 as part of the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII and the majority of the buildings have since been demolished; the central nave of the abbey church survived and in 1618 it became the parish church of Selby. There was a important battle in the English Civil War, named the Battle of Selby. There are many other historical sites, like the cholera burial ground on the north side of the abbey, the market cross and the local school, Selby High School; the Market Place has existed since the early 14th century when the market was moved away from the monastery churchyard. The Crescent which curves eastwards from James Street was planned in the early 19th century by a local man, John Audus, after seeing Lansdown Crescent in Bath, Somerset.
Selby is expanding to become a larger town. New houses and shops are being built on the present town's outskirts with the expansion of the town stretching as far as the bypass, although this has resulted in the loss of some trade from the town centre. Meanwhile, the riverfront area is being revamped with fashionable flats. Selby was a centre for shipbuilding, with vessels launched into the river; this required the more unusual technique of launching the vessels side-on into the river due to lack of space for a more conventional stern first or bow first launch. One famous vessel of the Cochrane and Son's shipyard of the town is the preserved trawler Ross Tiger at Grimsby's National Fishing Heritage Centre. Cochrane launched their last vessel into the Ouse in 1998, a historical occasion which people around the area went to see. Once Cochrane had closed, the massive cranes still stood over the skyline of Selby until 2001, when strong winds blew them down. Most of the shipyard buildings are still standing and the site along with interviews with former employees and archive film was featured in a 2013 video production'Cochranes of Selby'.
The site of the shipyard is home to many small businesses who work in the same buildings that were once used to build the Selby ships. At the lowest level of governance is Selby Town Council; the town is divided into three electoral wards, north and west, each represented by six councillors. These eighteen councillors are responsible for burial grounds, play areas and some street lighting. Elections to the town council are held every four years and the most recent elections were held in May 2007. At district level the town is part of the Selby District Council area; the town is represented by seven councillors on the District Council, two each for the west and south wards and three for the north ward. On the North Yorkshire County Council the town is part of the Selby Barlby county division which elects two representatives to the county council. In the United Kingdom Parliament Selby formed part of the Selby constituency until the 2010 general election when it became part of the new seat of Selby and Ainsty.
It is represented by Nigel Adams. The town is represented at the European level as part of the Humber constituency. Selby lies on the tidal River Ouse in a natural area of Yorkshire known as the Humberhead Levels; the main roads which cross at Selby are the A63 from Leeds to Hull and the A19 from Doncaster to York, though the A19 and A63 no longer meet in Selby itself since the opening of the Selby Bypass in 2004. The River Ouse is navigable upstream as far as York so the old toll bridge by which the A63 crossed the river at Selby had to allow for this. For many years the swing bridge in Selby was a notorious local bottleneck but since the opening of the Selby bypass congestion in the town has been relieved; the importance of Selby as a market town has declined in recent decades and its short lived prominence as the centre of the Selby Coalfield has waned. Selby is a commuter town with proximity to both Leeds, its popularity as a tourist destination, due to Selby Abbey, has led to a large amount of development and renovation in the town and surrounding area.
The residential areas of Selby have been subject to expansion an