South Pacific is a musical composed by Richard Rodgers, with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and book by Hammerstein and Joshua Logan. The work was an immediate hit, running for 1,925 performances; the plot is based on James A. Michener's Pulitzer Prize-winning 1947 book Tales of the South Pacific and combines elements of several of those stories. Rodgers and Hammerstein believed they could write a musical based on Michener's work that would be financially successful and, at the same time, send a strong progressive message on racism; the plot centers on an American nurse stationed on a South Pacific island during World War II, who falls in love with a middle-aged expatriate French plantation owner but struggles to accept his mixed-race children. A secondary romance, between a U. S. lieutenant and a young Tonkinese woman, explores his fears of the social consequences should he marry his Asian sweetheart. The issue of racial prejudice is candidly explored throughout the musical, most controversially in the lieutenant's song, "You've Got to Be Carefully Taught".
Supporting characters, including a comic petty officer and the Tonkinese girl's mother, help to tie the stories together. Because he lacked military knowledge, Hammerstein had difficulty writing that part of the script; the original Broadway production enjoyed immense critical and box-office success, became the second-longest running Broadway musical to that point, has remained popular since. After they signed Ezio Pinza and Mary Martin as the leads and Hammerstein wrote several of the songs with the particular talents of their stars in mind; the piece won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1950. In the Southern U. S. its racial theme provoked controversy. Several of its songs, including "Bali Ha'i", "I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Outa My Hair", "Some Enchanted Evening", "There Is Nothing Like a Dame", "Happy Talk", "Younger Than Springtime", "I'm in Love with a Wonderful Guy", have become popular standards; the production won ten Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Best Score, Best Libretto, it is the only musical production to win Tony Awards in all four acting categories.
Its original cast album was the bestselling record of the 1940s, other recordings of the show have been popular. The show has enjoyed many successful revivals and tours, spawning a 1958 film and television adaptations; the 2008 Broadway revival, a critical success, ran for 996 performances and won seven Tonys, including Best Musical Revival. Although book editor and university instructor James Michener could have avoided military service in World War II as a birthright Quaker, he enlisted in the U. S. Navy in October 1942, he was not sent to the South Pacific theater until April 1944, when he was assigned to write a history of the Navy in the Pacific and was allowed to travel widely. He survived a plane crash in New Caledonia. One journey took him to the Treasury Islands, where he discovered an unpleasant village, called Bali-ha'i, populated by "scrawny residents and only one pig". Struck by the name, Michener wrote it down and soon began to record, on a battered typewriter, his version of the tales.
On a plantation on the island of Espiritu Santo, he met. Punctuated with profanity learned from GIs, she complained endlessly to Michener about the French colonial government, which refused to allow her and other Tonkinese to return to their native Vietnam, lest the plantations be depopulated, she told him of her plans to oppose colonialism in French Indochina. These stories, collected into Tales of the South Pacific, won Michener the 1948 Pulitzer Prize for fiction. Tales of the South Pacific comprises nineteen stories; each stands independently but revolves around the preparation for an American military operation to dislodge the Japanese from a nearby island. This operation, dubbed Alligator, occurs in the penultimate story, "The Landing at Kuralei". Many of the characters die in that battle, the last story is titled "The Cemetery at Huga Point"; the stories are thematically linked in pairs: the first and final stories are reflective, the second and eighteenth involve battle, the third and seventeenth involve preparation for battle, so on.
The tenth story, at the center, however, is not paired with any other. This story, "Fo' Dolla' ", was one of only four of his many works that Michener admitted to holding in high regard, it was the one that attracted Rodgers and Hammerstein's attention for its potential to be converted into a stage work."Fo' Dolla' ", set in part on the island of Bali-ha'i, focuses on the romance between a young Tonkinese woman and one of the Americans, Marine Lieutenant Joe Cable, a Princeton graduate and scion of a wealthy Main Line family. Pressed to marry Liat by her mother, Bloody Mary, Cable reluctantly declines, realizing that the Asian girl would never be accepted by his family or Philadelphia society, he leaves for battle as Bloody Mary proceeds with her backup plan, to affiance Liat to a wealthy French planter on the islands. Cable struggles, during the story, with his own racism: he is able to overcome it sufficiently to love Liat, but not enough to take her home. Another source of the musical is the eighth story, "Our Heroine", thematically paired with the 12th, "A Boar's Tooth", as both involve American encounters with local cultures.
"Our Heroine" tells of the romance betwee
Nívea Stelmann Leôncio is a Brazilian actress and television presenter. She was born and raised in the city of Paraíba do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Born to entrepreneur parents, Nivea, at 12 years old, wanted to become famous. At an early age, she tried to convince her parents to allow her to go live on her own in the city of Rio de Janeiro At 16 years old, Nivea got permission to move to Rio, where she came to attend college pursuing a major in journalism, which she studied up to the third semester and never graduated. Besides being a college student, Nivea was a model for Ford Models and did television commercials. On, Nívea started attending Performing Arts classes at the UNI-Rio. Shortly afterwards, Nivea passed a test to perform on the show Família Brasil, of defunct TV Manchete. In this work, his love interest was Danton Mello. With the end of Família Brasil, TV Manchete, she returned to her classes at UNI-Rio. Nivea won the test for a part in the segment "Estrela por um Dia" on the TV show Domingão do Faustão.
She won the contest and one month she was invited to perform in the novella Malhação in 1996. Wolf Maya, the director, gave her the role of Luana, a tennis teacher. After her participation in Malhação ended, Nivea got the role of Carolaine in the novella A Indomada, written by Aguinaldo Silva; that role made Nívea Stelmann popular in her home country. On, Nivea participated in the novellas Era Uma Vez... Suave Veneno, Uga-Uga, O Clone, Chocolate com Pimenta and Alma Gêmea, all from Rede Globo. In 2002 Nivea starred the play Give Love a Chance, alongside her husband at that time; the play was directed by João Brandão. In 2007, Nivea took part in the novella Sete Pecados. In October of that same year, she was chosen the queen of the rhythmists of the school of samba Renascer, a position she occupied for the next two years. In 2008, she was part of the cast of the TV series Casos e Acasos on the episode Dicas de um Sedutor. In 2008, she did the children's play Cyrano, an adaptation by director Karen Acioly, inspired on the play Cyrano de Begerac by Edmond Rostand.
In 2009, she participated from Rede Globo. Between 2009 and 2010, the actress starred in the theatres the musical play Um Lugar Chamado Recanto. In 2011, Nivea participated in the novella Morde & Assopra, from Rede Globo, as Lavinia, a former prostitute. In 2013, she returned to the theatres with the play Batalha de Arroz num Ringue para Dois, alongside actor Maurício Machado. In that same year, Nívea published Dedo Podre. In 2016 returns to the TV, this time in Rede Record, where it acted in the biblical novels Os Dez Mandamentos and A Terra Prometida. In 2017, she begins to present the Nívea Stelmann na América, on the CBTV channel; the program talks about the best of entertainment and the world of Brazilian celebrities in the United States. She started dating the singer and actor Mário Frias in 1998, they moved in together in 2001 and got married in 2003, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. On the night of September 11, 2004, their son, was born. In November 2005 the couple announced their divorce.
In July 2007 she married a former boyfriend from her teenage years. Their marriage ended in divorced in October 2008. In March 2011 she started dating footballer Elano; the couple became involved in a major controversy: Nívea, dissatisfied with the end of the relationship, threatened to publish intimate photos of the player and sent copies of those images to Santos FC, where he played. Elano appealed to the court and the judge granted an advance of guardianship, with a fine expected if the images were divulged. On July 17, 2013, Nivea married businessman Marcus Rocha. In August 2013, she announces through her Twitter account. On March 23, 2014, Nívea gave birth to Bruna, her first child with husband Marcus, in Rio de Janeiro. In August 2014 she was the godmother of the campaign to stimulate breastfeeding launched by the Ministry of Health. Official website Nívea Stelmann on Twitter Nívea Stelmann on IMDb
24-7 Spyz are an American band from the South Bronx, New York, United States, formed in 1986 consisting of Jimi Hazel, Rick Skatore, Kindu Phibes, P. Fluid; the band is best known for mixing R&B, soul and reggae with heavy metal and hardcore punk. The fact that they are African Americans playing variations of heavy metal led critics to compare them to bands such as Living Colour and Bad Brains. Though they were pioneers in the fusion of these particular music styles, influencing many bands, they have never achieved substantial commercial success. After several lineup changes, the band broke up in 1998, but reformed in 2003 before releasing their first new album of original material in over a decade in 2006; as of January 2020, the lineup of the band includes Hazel and drummer, Tony Lewis. Upon their formation in 1986, the band, consisting of Jimi Hazel, Rick Skatore, Kindu Phibes, P. Fluid earned a dedicated following in New York City due to the eclectic mix of their music; the band would switch gears from Motown and soul sounds with lush vocal harmonies to violent heavy metal and hardcore punk with ease, sometimes several times within the course of one song.
Phibes left the band in 1987. In 1988, In-Effect Records, a subsidiary of Relativity, signed the band which now included Anthony Johnson of the three-piece New York ska band, A-Kings, replacing Phibes on drums; the band released their debut album, the genre-hopping Harder Than You, produced by Bob Musso and Jimi Hazel, in December 1988. The first single was a cover of the Kool & the Gang song "Jungle Boogie." Critics and fans took notice of the band's left-wing political stance and the unique sound of their tight-knit, high-energy music. The album sold just under 300,000 units due to non-stop touring worldwide and became an underground hit, it remains a pioneering classic in the rock/funk/hip hop genre made popular in years by such bands as 311, Limp Bizkit, Kid Rock. The video for "Jungle Boogie" was the first single video on MTV to air on all of the following specialty shows: 120 Minutes, Yo! MTV Raps, Hard 60, Headbanger's Ball; the band's second album, 1990's Gumbo Millennium, produced by Jimi Hazel and Tom Soares, was once again released through In-Effect Records.
The album was much softer than the previous effort, focusing on clean guitar and lush R&B harmonies and grooves although it still contained elements of thrash metal and punk. The first single, "Don't Break My Heart!," while commercially viable, failed to receive radio airplay. Regardless, the album sold over 300,000 units once again due to massive amounts of touring and proved to be an underground success, it soon brought the attention of several major labels. The band were soon opening for Jane's Addiction on their'Ritual De Lo Habitual' tour; the tour brought the band to a new audience but their growing success could not halt the sudden departure of Anthony Johnson and P. Fluid. Fluid made the announcement of his departure during the band's live performance on the final date of the Jane's Addiction tour, he had not made it known to his bandmates beforehand. Johnson followed suit and, as a result of the departures, the band dropped out of a planned co-headlining tour with Suicidal Tendencies.
Fluid soon made it known that he intended to start a new band named The P. Fluid Foundation. Despite the loss of two of the band's four members, Rick Skatore and Jimi Hazel decided to continue on. Jeff Brodnax was brought in as the new vocalist along with former Cro-Mags and Bad Brains drummer, Mackie Jayson. Jayson only rehearsed with the band for a short time before leaving; the new lineup received rave reviews and the band was soon signed to East West Records America, a division of Atlantic Records headed by label president, Sylvia Rhone. The company tested the marketability of the new band by releasing a five-song EP titled This is...24-7 Spyz!, produced by Jimi Hazel and Bruce Calder in 1991. In 1992, the band received their largest commercial exposure to date by appearing in a Budweiser television commercial that aired for the first five months of the year. Soon after, the hour-long Strength In Numbers album, produced by Terry Date and Jimi Hazel, was released and proved to be the band's most critically acclaimed release to date.
The album saw the band depart from its New York hardcore roots to concentrate more on heavy metal and soul. By that time, popular music had begun shifting away from musical dexterity and in favor of the simplicity of grunge; the album's single, "Break The Chains," received minor radio airplay and MTV exposure but Sylvia Rhone pulled the label's support before dropping the band altogether. To the band's dismay, the label only pressed 18,000 pieces and allotted 2,000 for press purposes, thus making the disc unavailable immediately. Disgusted by their dealings with East West and Sylvia Rhone, the band members began working on other musical projects. Hazel and Skatore looked to form a new band, Black Angus, with Follow for Now drummer Bernard "Enrique" Coley; the Black Angus sessions were recorded with drummer and longtime friend Carlton Smith of the Royal Crescent Mob. Maitoza formed Shockhead with vocalist Joseph McCraw and Nixons bassist Ricky Wolking, recording one disc, titled Television, produced by Jimi Hazel.
Brodnax concentrated on Egypt. When Hazel and Skatore discovered how popular the first two albums remained in Europe, they reunited with Anthony Johnson and P. Fluid, now performing as Forrest to release Temporarily Disconnected, produced by Jimi Hazel; the album was released exclus