South Wingfield

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South Wingfield
South Wingfield Church.jpg
South Wingfield church during the 2007 floods
South Wingfield is located in Derbyshire
South Wingfield
South Wingfield
Location within Derbyshire
Population1,514 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK375555
Civil parish
  • South Wingfield
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townALFRETON
Postcode districtDE55
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°05′44″N 1°26′24″W / 53.0956°N 1.440°W / 53.0956; -1.440Coordinates: 53°05′44″N 1°26′24″W / 53.0956°N 1.440°W / 53.0956; -1.440

South Wingfield is a village and civil parish in the Scarsdale Hundred of Derbyshire, England, and is now part of the Borough of Amber Valley. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 1,514.[1]

History and description[edit]

The Domesday Book: South Wingfield is listed amongst the small proportion of manors that are owned by Roger de Poitou. In 1086, the book notes that

"In South? Wingfield Alnoth had two carucates of land to the geld. There is land for three ploughs. Robert holds it of Count Alan under William Peverel and has 1 plough. There is a priest and 8 villans and 2 bordars and 3 ploughs. There is 4 acres (16,000 m2) of meadow, it was and is worth 20 shillings.[2]

Note: Above the reference for Wingfield there is a note which says "Roger de Poitou had these lands now they are in the King's hand. ("South" was not part of the name at this time: The Domesday Books Online; Derbyshire S–Z)

An ex-mining village, it has a mixed community, its most famous landmark is Wingfield Manor, a ruined manor house built around 1450 and now managed by English Heritage (though as of June 2019 the manor was closed to the public during conservation work[3]). The village is about 2 miles (3.2 km) from Crich, and 6 miles (9.7 km) from Matlock. It sits astride one 'B' class road, the B5035, and the River Amber runs through the lower parts of the parish; the centre of the village is at the Market Place, where Manor Road, Church Lane, Inns Lane and the High Road meet.

Other notable places in the village are the parish church of All Saints, dating from the 13th century, the Methodist Chapel, a Baptist Chapel and a Gospel Hall; the village school was built in 1875. The parish of South Wingfield extends to cover the wider area covering the village of Oakerthorpe and the hamlets of Moorwood Moor, Wingfield Park and Uftonfields.

Both North Wingfield and South Wingfield have forms of the same place-name, formed from "winn" (pasture) and "feld" (open land); the earlier forms of each are not distinguished but in 1284 a Middle English form of South Wingfield occurs.[4]

Fritchley Windmill, a ruin

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.744
  3. ^ "Wingfield Manor: Prices and Opening Times". English Heritage. 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  4. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1940). The Concise Dictionary of English Place-names; 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 499