Southeast Europe

Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe is a geographical region of Europe, consisting of the coterminous Balkan Peninsula. There are overlapping and conflicting definitions as to where Southeastern Europe begins or ends or how it relates to other regions of the continent. Sovereign states and territories that are included in the region are, in alphabetical order: Albania and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Romania and East Thrace. Sometimes and Slovenia are included; the largest city of the region is Istanbul, followed by Bucharest, Sofia and Athens. The boundaries of the region can vary and are disputed, due to political, historical and geographical considerations and point of view of the observer; the first known use of the term "Southeast Europe" was by Austrian researcher Johann Georg von Hahn as a broader term than the traditional Balkans, a concept based on the boundaries of the Balkan Peninsula. Countries that are geographically, at least described to be within the region are as follows: In the CIA World Factbook, the description of each country includes information about "Location" under the heading "Geography", where the country is classified into a region.

The following countries are included in their classification "Southeast Europe": Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Kosovo Montenegro North Macedonia Romania Serbia Turkey In this classification, Slovenia is included in Central Europe, Greece in Southern Europe and Moldova in Eastern Europe. The Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe included Albania and Herzegovina, Croatia, Moldova, North Macedonia and Serbia as member partners; the South-East European Cooperation Process includes Albania and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey as member partners. The Southeast European Cooperative Initiative includes Albania and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey as member partners; the EU-co-funded South East Europe Transnational Cooperation Programme includes the whole territory of Albania, Austria and Herzegovina, Croatia, Hungary, North Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Slovakia and parts of Italy and Ukraine as part of the "programme area".

Studies of the World Bank treat Albania and Herzegovina, Croatia, North Macedonia and Serbia as the eight South Eastern European countries. A 2006 publication of the World Health Organization and Council of Europe Development Bank listed Albania and Herzegovina, Croatia, North Macedonia, Moldova and Serbia and Montenegro as'south-eastern European countries'; the World Bank does not include the EU countries in its reports, lists only Albania and Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia. UNHCR's Regional Office in South Eastern Europe lists Albania and Herzegovina, North Macedonia and Montenegro as part of'South Eastern Europe'. Eurovoc Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Percentages agreement Regional Cooperation Council South East Europe Media Organisation Southeast European Times Southeast Europe Transport Community Paul L. Horecky, Southeastern Europe: A guide to basic publications, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1969. Jelavich, Barbara. History of the Balkans: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.

1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521274586. Jelavich, Barbara. History of the Balkans: Twentieth Century. 2. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521274593. Ekavi Athanassaopolou. Organized Crime in Southeast Europe. Routledge. Pp. 6–. ISBN 978-1-317-99945-4. Media related to Southeastern Europe at Wikimedia Commons


Valderrobres or Vall-de-roures is a municipality and the major town of the comarca of Matarraña in the province of Teruel, Aragon. It is located in view of the landscape of the northwestern foothills of the Ports de Tortosa-Beseit, by the Matarranya River, a tributary to the right of the Ebro. Valderrobres is part of the Taula del Sénia free association of municipalities; the town has a Gothic church of a Gothic castle and a Renaissance townhall building. The soprano Elvira de Hidalgo was born in Valderrobres in 1891; this town and the surrounding comarca are considered by Catalans a part of La Franja and the local dialect is a western variant of Catalan close to Valencian. The name of the town means "Valley of the Oaks", referred to the presence of Portuguese oak. However, the main trees in the forests of this town are the Aleppo pine and the black pine, followed by the Evergreen oak. Ports de Tortosa-Beseit Pàgina web de l'Ajuntament de Vallderoures

Marek Holynski

Marek Bernard Hołyński – Polish computer science specialist, expert in the field of computer graphics. Graduate of the Electronics Faculty at the Warsaw's Technical University, Ph. D. at the Applied Cybernetics Institute PAN in 1975. Author of a book "Art and Computers". While he was at a conference in 1981, the communist government of Poland declared martial law. Hołyński was granted asylum in the United States. In the 1980s, he became a professor of Massachusetts Institute of Boston University, he started to cooperate with Silicon Graphics, the world's leading computer graphics company. He is Director of the Institute of Mathematical Machines in Warsaw, vice-president of Polish Information Processing Society, he took part in the definition of the OpenGL standard and development of the Computer Graphics Workstations in Silicon Graphics. In 1979-1980 he was working as research fellow in development of PLATO - the computer aided system of education on Indiana University in Bloomington. Since 1981 in Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he took a position of research fellow, associate professor in Center for Advanced Visual Studies.

His main interest was development of user interface. As associate professor he was a lecturer on Boston University. In 1992-1997 worked in Silicon Graphics, as Project Manager and next as a manager of Graphics Division, he took part in the development of computers Indigo, Indy and O2. Polish startup accelerator GammaRebels initiative Contributor to the book "Data Structures and Program Style Using C" by James F. Korsh and Leonard J. Garrett TV discussion about "What does the future hold for technology" User-adaptive computer graphics "Email from Silicon Valley"