Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska
The Fairbanks North Star Borough is a borough located in the state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 97,581; the borough seat is Fairbanks. The borough's land area is smaller than that of the state of New Jersey. Fairbanks North Star Borough comprises the Fairbanks, AK Metropolitan Statistical Area, one of only two metropolitan areas in Alaska with over 100,000 people; the borough is home to the University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fort Wainwright and Eielson Air Force Base. The borough has a total area of 7,444 square miles, of which 7,338 square miles is land and 105 square miles is water. Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska – north Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska – southeast Denali Borough, Alaska – southwest The assembly is the borough's governing body, or legislative branch; the assembly consists of nine members who are elected serving three-year terms. The borough operates under a "strong mayor" system; the mayor, along with his chief of staff, perform many of the job duties associated with a city manager.
MayorBryce Ward Assembly membersOctober 2018 – October 2019. As of the 2000 census, 82,840 people, 29,777 households, 20,516 families were residing in the borough; the population density was 11 people per square mile. There were 33,291 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the borough was 77.79% White, 5.6% Black or African American, 6.90% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 1.71% from other races, 5.39% from two or more races. 4.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 29,777 households out of which 41.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.10% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.20. In the borough the population was spread out with 30.10% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 33.30% from 25 to 44, 19.80% from 45 to 64, 4.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.90 males. Fairbanks Fort Wainwright North Pole Chatanika Chena Hot Springs Pune, India Yakutsk, Russia List of airports in Fairbanks North Star Borough National Register of Historic Places listings in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska Fairbanks North Star Borough official website Borough map, 2010 census: Alaska Department of Labor
Yukon is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories. It has the smallest population of any province or territory in Canada, with 35,874 people, although it has the largest city in any of the three territories. Whitehorse is Yukon's only city. Yukon was split from the Northwest Territories in 1898 and was named the Yukon Territory; the federal government's Yukon Act, which received royal assent on March 27, 2002, established Yukon as the territory's official name, though Yukon Territory is still popular in usage and Canada Post continues to use the territory's internationally approved postal abbreviation of YT. Though bilingual, the Yukon government recognizes First Nations languages. At 5,959 m, Yukon's Mount Logan, in Kluane National Park and Reserve, is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest on the North American continent. Most of Yukon has a subarctic climate, characterized by brief warm summers; the Arctic Ocean coast has a tundra climate. Notable rivers include the Yukon River, as well as the Pelly, Peel and Tatshenshini rivers.
The territory is named after the longest river in Yukon. The name itself is from a contraction of the words in the Gwich'in phrase chųų gąįį han, which means white water river and refers to "the pale colour" of glacial runoff in the Yukon River. Long before the arrival of Europeans and southern Yukon was populated by First Nations people, the area escaped glaciation. Sites of archeological significance in Yukon hold some of the earliest evidence of the presence of human habitation in North America; the sites safeguard the earliest First Nations of the Yukon. The volcanic eruption of Mount Churchill in 800 AD in what is now the U. S. state of Alaska blanketed southern Yukon with a layer of ash which can still be seen along the Klondike Highway, which forms part of the oral tradition of First Nations peoples in Yukon and further south in Canada. Coastal and inland First Nations had extensive trading networks. European incursions into the area began early in the 19th century with the fur trade, followed by missionaries.
By the 1870s and 1880s gold miners began to arrive. This drove a population increase that justified the establishment of a police force, just in time for the start of the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897; the increased population coming with the gold rush led to the separation of the Yukon district from the Northwest Territories and the formation of the separate Yukon Territory in 1898. The territory is the approximate shape of a right triangle, bordering the U. S. state of Alaska to the west and northwest for 1,210 km along longitude 141° W, the Northwest Territories to the east and British Columbia to the south. Its northern coast is on the Beaufort Sea, its ragged eastern boundary follows the divide between the Yukon Basin and the Mackenzie River drainage basin to the east in the Mackenzie mountains. Most of the territory is in the watershed of the Yukon River; the southern Yukon is dotted with a large number of large and narrow glacier-fed alpine lakes, most of which flow into the Yukon River system.
The larger lakes include Teslin Lake, Atlin Lake, Tagish Lake, Marsh Lake, Lake Laberge, Kusawa Lake and Kluane Lake. Bennett Lake on the Klondike Gold Rush trail is a lake flowing into Nares Lake, with the greater part of its area within Yukon. Canada's highest point, Mount Logan, is in the territory's southwest. Mount Logan and a large part of Yukon's southwest are in Kluane National Park and Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other national parks include Ivvavik National Vuntut National Park in the north. Other watersheds include the Mackenzie River, the Peel Watershed and the Alsek–Tatshenshini, a number of rivers flowing directly into the Beaufort Sea; the two main Yukon rivers flowing into the Mackenzie in the Northwest Territories are the Liard River in the southeast and the Peel River and its tributaries in the northeast. Notable widespread tree species within Yukon are white spruce. Many trees are stunted because of severe climate; the capital, Whitehorse, is the largest city, with about three-quarters of the population.
British Columbia Northwest Territories Alaska, United States While the average winter temperature in Yukon is mild by Canadian arctic standards, no other place in North America gets as cold as Yukon during extreme cold snaps. The temperature has dropped down to −60 °C three times, 1947, 1954, 1968; the most extreme cold snap occurred in February 1947 when the abandoned town of Snag dropped down to −63.0 °C. Unlike most of Canada where the most extreme heat waves occur in July and September, Yukon's extreme heat tends to occur in June and May. Yukon has recorded 36 °C three times; the first time was in June 1969 when Mayo recorded a temperature of 36.1 °C. 14 years this record was beaten when Forty Mile recorded 36 °C in May 1983. The old record was broken 21 years in June 2004 when the Mayo Road weather station, located just northwest of Whitehorse, recorded a temperature of 36.5 °C. The 2016 census reported a Yukon population of 35,874, an increase of 5.8% from 2011. With a land area of 474,712.64 km2, it had a population de
Wrangell–Saint Elias Wilderness
Wrangell–Saint Elias Wilderness is a wilderness area located in southwestern Alaska in the United States. At 9,078,675 acres, the Wrangell–Saint Elias Wilderness is the largest designated U. S. Wilderness Area; the wilderness lies within Wrangell–St. Elias National Park and Preserve, the largest national park in the United States; the wilderness contains the most extensive glaciation in Alaska, nine of North America's 16 highest peaks, the 90-mile-long and 4,000-foot-thick Bagley Icefield, the Malaspina Glacier, which spreads 50 percent larger than the state of Delaware. The wilderness area is part of the Kluane / Wrangell–St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek international park system, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located in Canada and the U. S; the wilderness is home to many animals, including Dall sheep, grizzly bears, black bears, bison, wolverines, beavers, mountain goats, gray wolves, red foxes, marmots. Wrangell–St. Elias National Park and Preserve List of largest wilderness areas in the United States Wilderness.net National Park Service Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act - Public Law 96-487
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Alaska's at-large congressional district
Since becoming a U. S. state in 1959, Alaska has been entitled to one member in the United States House of Representatives, elected in the State's sole, at-large congressional district. Based on area, Alaska's congressional district is by far the largest congressional district in the United States, is one of the largest electoral districts in the world. Since March 6, 1973, Republican Don Young has been the member for the district; the district was created when Alaska achieved statehood on January 3, 1959, to elect Alaska's single member. Since Alaska has had a single congressional district. Election results from presidential races: This district is considered safely Republican because no Democrat has been elected since 1972 and because incumbent Don Young has faced a serious challenge since 1992 when he beat Mayor John Devens by 4%. Although allegations of corruption against Young led Democrats to target this seat in 2008, Young retained his seat. Source: "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Archived from the original on 30 July 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2008. Since the death of Howard Wallace Pollock on January 9, 2011, there have been no living former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Alaska's at-large congressional district; the most serving Representative to die was Nick Begich, who disappeared in a plane crash on October 16, 1972, while in office. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Denali Borough, Alaska
The Denali Borough is a borough located in the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census the population of the borough was 1,826; the borough seat is Healy, its only incorporated place is Anderson. The borough was incorporated in 1990; the area was a part of the Unorganized Borough, with the Upper Railbelt School District serving as the region's rural education attendance area. The borough has a total area of 12,777 square miles, of which 12,751 square miles is land and 26 square miles is water; the borough contains North America's highest point: Denali, from which it derives its name, at 6190.5 m. Denali National Park and Preserve Denali Wilderness Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area - west/north Fairbanks North Star Borough - northeast Southeast Fairbanks Census Area - east Matanuska-Susitna Borough - south As of the census of 2000, there were 1,893 people, 785 households, 452 families residing in the borough; the population density was 0.148 people per square mile. There were 1,351 housing units at an average density of 0.106 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the borough was 85.74% White, 1.43% Black or African American, 4.75% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.37% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, 5.23% from two or more races. 2.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 785 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.40% were married couples living together, 4.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.30% were non-families. 35.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.03. In the borough the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 36.80% from 25 to 44, 29.70% from 45 to 64, 3.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 139.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 147.10 males. Denali Borough is the 63rd highest-income county in the United States, highest-income county in Alaska, by personal per capita income as of 2009.
Anderson Clear Clear AFS Cantwell Denali Park Ferry Healy Kantishna Suntrana Usibelli Diamond In the Twilight Saga by Stephenie Meyer, the Denali vampire coven lives in Denali because of the lack of sunlight. List of airports in the Denali Borough National Register of Historic Places listings in Denali Borough, Alaska Media related to Denali Borough, Alaska at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Chicken is a census-designated place in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, United States. Chicken is a community founded on gold mining and is one of the few surviving gold rush towns in Alaska; the population was 7 at the time of the 2010 Census, down from 17 in 2000. However year round, there are 17 inhabitants. Due to mining, Chicken's population peaks during the summer, it has been noted on lists of unusual place names. Chicken was settled by gold miners in the late 19th-century and in 1902 the local post office was established requiring a community name. Due to the prevalence of ptarmigan in the area that name was suggested as the official name for the new community. However, the spelling could not be agreed on and Chicken was used to avoid embarrassment. A portion of Chicken, with buildings from the early 1900s and the F. E. Company Dredge No. 4 is listed on the National Register of Historical Places as the Chicken Historic District. Chicken is the outpost for the 40 Mile mining district. There are still active gold mines in this area.
Enough gold was mined here to make it worthwhile to haul huge gold dredges to this remote location. There are still several inactive gold dredges in the Chicken area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 115.4 square miles, all of it land. Chicken is accessible by air via Chicken Airport, by road via Alaska Route 5, the Taylor Highway, not maintained from mid-October through mid-March. Chicken first appeared as an unincorporated village on the 1930 U. S. Census, it appeared on the 1940 and 1950 censuses, but did not appear again until 1980, when it was made a census-designated place. It was removed as a CDP for 1990 and did not report a population, but had its CDP status restored for 2000 and 2010; the biographical novel "Tisha: The Story of a Young Teacher in the Alaskan Wilderness", by Robert Specht, tells the story of Anne Hobbs, a teacher in Chicken in the 1920s. Chickenstock Music Festival Chicken, Alaska official homepage