Fort Scott, Kansas
Fort Scott is a city in and the county seat of Bourbon County, United States, 88 miles south of Kansas City, on the Marmaton River. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 8,087, it is the home of the Fort Scott National Cemetery. Fort Scott is named for Gen. Winfield Scott. Established and garrisoned by the U. S. Army from 1842–1853, soldiers at Fort Scott assisted with the protection of the Permanent Indian Frontier. After the army abandoned the fort in 1853, the buildings were purchased by local settlers at a government auction in 1855. Fort Scott was laid out as a town in 1857. Between 1855 and 1861, the citizens of Fort Scott experienced the violent unrest that preceded the American Civil War on the Kansas and Missouri border. Eastern newspapers described this violence as "Bleeding Kansas", a result of the national controversy concerning the extension of slavery into the new territories. On January 29, 1861, Kansas entered the union as a free state, but the turmoil of "Bleeding Kansas" continued throughout the Civil War.
During the Civil War, Fort Scott was a U. S Army district Headquarters, quartermaster supply depot, training center, recruitment station, it was strategically vital to the defense of the Midwest. A battle over the fort occurred in August 1861 just across the Missouri line in the Battle of Dry Wood Creek; the battle was a pro-South victory for his Missouri State Guard. Price did not hold the fort and instead continued a northern push into Missouri in an attempt to recapture the state. James H. Lane was to launch a Jayhawker offensive behind Price from Fort Scott that led to the Sacking of Osceola; the ill will of these actions was to be the basis for the 1976 Clint Eastwood film The Outlaw Josey Wales. After the Civil War, Fort Scott was a premier city of the frontier, one of the largest cities in eastern Kansas. On three different occasions, between 1870 and 1900, Fort Scott was in competition with Kansas City to become the largest railroad center west of the Mississippi. During the first half of the 20th century, Fort Scott became an agricultural and small industrial center which it continues to be today.
On March 11, 2005, a fire destroyed several historic buildings in Fort Scott's downtown. The Victorian-era buildings were among many. Fort Scott is located at 37°50′7″N 94°42′7″W at an elevation of 846 feet, it lies on the Osage Plains on the south side of the Marmaton River. Located at the intersection of U. S. Routes 54 and 69 in southeast Kansas, Fort Scott is 54 miles north of Joplin, Missouri, 92 miles south of Kansas City, 143 miles east of Wichita. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.59 square miles, of which 5.55 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. Fort Scott has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters; the average temperature in Fort Scott is 57 °F or 13.9 °C with temperatures exceeding 90 °F or 32.2 °C on an average of 81 afternoons a year and dropping below 32 °F or 0 °C during an average of 97 mornings per year. On average, Fort Scott experiences 69.5 rainy days a year. Annual snowfall averages 16.7 inches or 0.42 metres.
Precipitation averages 44.1 1,120 millimetres per year. On average, January is July the hottest and June the wettest; the hottest temperature recorded in Fort Scott was 120 °F in 1954, the coldest being −18 °F in 1989. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,087 people, 3,285 households, 1,941 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,457.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,819 housing units at an average density of 688.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 4.7% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. There were 3,285 households of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.9% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age in the city was 35.2 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,297 people, 3,481 households, 2,081 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,529.4 people per square mile. There were 3,914 housing units at an average density of 278.3 persons/km2. The racial makeup of the city was 91.53% White, 5.15% African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 1.41% from two or more races. 1.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,481 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, 40.2% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, are most classified collectively as Bos taurus. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat, for milk, for hides, which are used to make leather, they are used as riding animals and draft animals. Another product of cattle is dung, which can be used to create fuel. In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning. Cattle small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as pets. Around 10,500 years ago, cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in central Anatolia, the Levant and Western Iran. According to an estimate from 2011, there are 1.4 billion cattle in the world. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a mapped genome; some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, cattle raiding one of the earliest forms of theft. Cattle were identified as three separate species: Bos taurus, the European or "taurine" cattle.
The aurochs is ancestral to both taurine cattle. These have been reclassified as one species, Bos taurus, with three subspecies: Bos taurus primigenius, Bos taurus indicus, Bos taurus taurus. Complicating the matter is the ability of cattle to interbreed with other related species. Hybrid individuals and breeds exist, not only between taurine cattle and zebu, but between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos – yaks and gaur. Hybrids such as the beefalo breed can occur between taurine cattle and either species of bison, leading some authors to consider them part of the genus Bos, as well; the hybrid origin of some types may not be obvious – for example, genetic testing of the Dwarf Lulu breed, the only taurine-type cattle in Nepal, found them to be a mix of taurine cattle and yak. However, cattle cannot be hybridized with more distantly related bovines such as water buffalo or African buffalo; the aurochs ranged throughout Europe, North Africa, much of Asia. In historical times, its range became restricted to Europe, the last known individual died in Mazovia, Poland, in about 1627.
Breeders have attempted to recreate cattle of similar appearance to aurochs by crossing traditional types of domesticated cattle, creating the Heck cattle breed. The noun cattle encompasses both sexes; the singular, technically means the female, the male being bull. The plural form cows is sometimes used colloquially to refer to both sexes collectively, as e.g. in a herd, but that usage can be misleading as the speaker's intent may indeed be just the females. The bovine species per se is dimorphic. Cattle did not originate as the term for bovine animals, it was borrowed from Anglo-Norman catel, itself from medieval Latin capitale'principal sum of money, capital', itself derived in turn from Latin caput'head'. Cattle meant movable personal property livestock of any kind, as opposed to real property; the word is a variant of chattel and related to capital in the economic sense. The term replaced earlier Old English feoh ` property', which survives today as fee; the word "cow" came via Anglo-Saxon cū, from Common Indo-European gʷōus = "a bovine animal", compare Persian: gâv, Sanskrit: go-, Welsh: buwch.
The plural cȳ became ki or kie in Middle English, an additional plural ending was added, giving kine, but kies and others. This is the origin of the now archaic English plural, "kine"; the Scots language singular is coo or cou, the plural is "kye". In older English sources such as the King James Version of the Bible, "cattle" refers to livestock, as opposed to "deer" which refers to wildlife. "Wild cattle" may refer to undomesticated species of the genus Bos. Today, when used without any other qualifier, the modern meaning of "cattle" is restricted to domesticated bovines. In general, the same words are used in different parts of the world, but with minor differences in the definitions; the terminology described here contrasts the differences in definition between the United Kingdom and other British-influenced parts of the world such as Canada, New Zealand and the United States. An "intact" adult male is called a bull. A wild, unmarked bull is known as a micky in Australia. An unbranded bovine of either sex is called a maverick in the Canada.
An adult female that has had a calf is a cow. A young female before she has had a calf of her own and is under three years of age is called a heifer. A young female that has had only one calf is called a first-calf heifer. Young cattle of both sexes are called calves until they are weaned weaners until they are a year old in some areas. After that, they are referred to as stirks if between one and two years of age. A castrated male is called a steer in the United States.
Cherokee County, Kansas
Cherokee County is a U. S. county located in Southeast Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 21,603, its county seat is Columbus, its most populous city is Baxter Springs. The latter became the first "cow town" in Kansas during the period of cattle drives. In 1803, United States acquired from France the 828,000-square mile Louisiana Purchase, the former French lands west of the Mississippi River, for 2.83 cents per acre. This territory included most of the land for modern-day Kansas. In the 1830s, the United States conducted Indian Removal of the Five Civilized Tribes from the Southeast region, to extinguish their land claims and allow European-American settlement in the area, they were given lands in what was called Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River in present-day Oklahoma. This part of Kansas was included at the time in the Cherokee Neutral Lands, the county was named after this tribe. In 1854, the US organized the Kansas Territory. Settlers began to move into the territory, with violence breaking out between supporters of slavery and those who wanted to abolish it.
In 1861, Kansas was admitted as the 34th U. S. state. In 1860, Cherokee County was established. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles, of which 588 square miles is land and 3.5 square miles is water. Crawford County Jasper County, Missouri Newton County, Missouri Ottawa County, Oklahoma Craig County, Oklahoma Labette County Sources: National Atlas, U. S. Census Bureau As of the 2000 census, there were 22,605 people, 8,875 households, 6,239 families residing in the county; the population density was 38 people per square mile. There were 10,031 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.27% White, 0.61% Black or African American, 3.45% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population. There were 8,875 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families.
26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,505, the median income for a family was $37,284. Males had a median income of $29,045 versus $19,675 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,710. About 11.40% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over. For most of its history, Cherokee County had more of a Democratic lean in presidential elections than the rest of the state before 1968.
Since its only voted for Democratic candidates twice in 1976 & 1992, when it was their second & fourth best county in the state, respectively. From 1996 on, the county has swung powerfully Republican similar to the rest of Southeast Kansas, with Hillary Clinton posted the worst percentage for a Democratic candidate at only 23.3%. Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Cherokee County voters chose to remain a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2012. Cherokee USD 247 is a 300-square-mile school district covering portions of Crawford and Cherokee counties, but includes small portions of Labette and Neosho counties, it serves over 800 students in grades Pre-K through 12. Southeast High School is located just west of the city of Cherokee. In Cherokee County the district serves the cities of West Mineral. Riverton USD 404 Columbus USD 493 Galena USD 499 Baxter Springs USD 508 Baxter Springs Columbus Galena Oswego Roseland Scammon Weir West Mineral Lowell Riverton Treece disincorporated in 2012 by the state of Kansas Cherokee County is divided into fourteen townships.
The cities of Baxter Springs, Galena and Weir are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size. National Register of Historic Places listings in Cherokee County, Kansas Notes History of Cherokee County, Kansas. Plat Book of Cherokee County, Kansas. CountyCherokee County - Official Cherokee County - Directory of Public OfficialsHistorical"Mined Lands" videoMapsCherokee County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
Bourbon County, Kansas
Bourbon County is a county located in Southeast Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 15,173, its county seat and most populous city is Fort Scott. For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U. S. state. In 1855, Bourbon County was established. Bourbon virus, a new strain of thogotovirus, was first discovered in Bourbon County. In the spring of 2014 an otherwise healthy man was bitten by a tick, contracting the virus and died 11 days from organ failure.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 639 square miles, of which 635 square miles is land and 3.6 square miles is water. Linn County Vernon County, Missouri Crawford County Neosho County Allen County Anderson County Fort Scott National Historic Site Sources: National Atlas, U. S. Census Bureau U. S. Route 54 U. S. Route 69 Kansas Highway 3 Kansas Highway 7 Kansas Highway 31 Kansas Highway 39 Kansas Highway 65 As of the 2000 census, there were 15,379 people, 6,161 households, 4,127 families residing in the county; the population density was 24 people per square mile. There were 7,135 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.06% White, 3.08% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population. There were 6,161 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.00% were non-families.
29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,199, the median income for a family was $39,239. Males had a median income of $27,043 versus $20,983 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,393. About 9.50% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over. Bourbon County is a Republican county. Only six presidential elections from 1888 to the present have resulted in Republicans failing to win the county, with the last of these being in 1964.
Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1992, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. Fort Scott USD 234 Uniontown USD 235 Bronson Fort Scott Fulton Mapleton Redfield Uniontown Bourbon County is divided into eleven townships; the city of Fort Scott is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size. Jonathan M. Davis, 22nd Governor of Kansas. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bourbon County, Kansas Standard Atlas of Bourbon County, Kansas. A. Ogle & Co. History of Bourbon County, Kansas: To the Close of 1865. An Illustrated Historical Atlas of Bourbon County, Kansas. CountyBourbon County - Official Bourbon County - Directory of Public OfficialsMapsBourbon County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
United States congressional delegations from Kansas
These are tables of congressional delegations from Kansas to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. As of March 2019, there are eighteen former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from the U. S. State of Kansas who are living at this time; as of April 2015, there are four former U. S. Senators from the U. S. State of Kansas who are living at this time, one from Class 2 and three from Class 3
Chanute is a city in Neosho County, United States. Founded on January 1, 1873, it was named after railroad engineer and aviation pioneer Octave Chanute; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 9,119. Chanute is home of Neosho County Community College. In 1870 when the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston Rail Road crossed the Missouri and Texas line within the limits of Neosho county four rival towns sprang up, in the vicinity of the junction: New Chicago, Chicago Junction and Tioga. Two years of the most bitter animosity ensued until the four were consolidated in 1872, the name of Chanute given it in honor of Octave Chanute, a railroad civil engineer. Settlers had begun populating the area as early as 1856. With the LL&G Railroad set to arrive shortly thereafter, the early residents of the towns of Tioga, Chicago Junction and New Chicago needed an innovative solution to an escalating dispute over which town would claim the right to house the LL&G Railroad's new land office; the towns were unable to settle their differences until an individual by the name of Octave Chanute came to town.
Octave was the Chief General Superintendent of the LL&G Railroad. In 1872, he suggested. On January 1, 1873 the towns became chartered as the City of Chanute. With the Southern Kansas Railroad locating a division headquarters in Chanute, the city began to flourish. In 1887, Chanute boasted a rapid growth in flourmills, grain elevators, banks and hardware stores, natural gas. In 1903, the City of Chanute established the electric utility, in the years to follow, established the gas, wastewater,refuse utilities. Ash Grove Cement Company, the sixth largest cement manufacturer in North America, the largest US-owned cement company, commenced cement manufacture in 1908 in Chanute. In September 2011 Spirit AeroSystems announced the expansion of an assembly facility which will grow to 150 employees in five years and boost the local economy. Chanute is one of only a handful of remaining full-service cities in the State of Kansas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.15 square miles, of which, 7.03 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,119 people, 3,720 households, 2,322 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,297.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,178 housing units at an average density of 594.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.4% White, 1.9% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.4% of the population. There were 3,720 households of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.6% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 25.3% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,411 people, 3,864 households, 2,496 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,533.7 people per square mile. There were 4,262 housing units at an average density of 694.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.20% White, 1.42% African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.89% of the population. There were 3,864 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,912, the median income for a family was $36,630. Males had a median income of $25,696 versus $17,938 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,288. About 12.0% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over. Chanute Unified School District 413 includes one elementary school, one middle school, one high school. Chanute Elementary School is the city's elementary school, Royster Middle School is the city's middle school, Chanute High School is the city's high school. Chanute's public school system includes Chanute High School-affiliated New Beginnings Academy, a program for students lacking credits to graduate and designed for individuals who have dropped out or are in danger of dropping out of high school.
High school credits for New Beginnings Academy are provided by Chanute High School. Chanute is home to two private schools: Saint Patr
The Flint Hills known as Bluestem Pastures or Blue Stem Hills, are a region in eastern Kansas and north-central Oklahoma named for the abundant residual flint eroded from the bedrock that lies near or at the surface. It consists of a band of hills stretching from Kansas to Oklahoma, extending from Marshall and Washington Counties in the north to Cowley County and Kay and Osage Counties in Oklahoma in the south, to Geary and Shawnee Counties west to east. Oklahomans refer to the same geologic formation as the Osage Hills or "the Osage." The Flint Hills Ecoregion is designated as a distinct region because it has the most dense coverage of intact tallgrass prairie in North America. Due to its rocky soil, the early settlers were unable to plow the area, resulting in the predominance of cattle ranches, which are in turn benefited by the tallgrass prairie; the Flint Hills Discovery Center, a science and history museum focusing on the Flint Hills, opened in Manhattan, Kansas, in April 2012. Explorer Zebulon Pike first coined the name the Flint Hills in 1806 when he entered into his journal, "passed ruff flint hills".
The underlying bedrock of the hills is a flinty limestone. The largest town in the area is Manhattan and the hills can be accessed from the Flint Hills Scenic Byway, which passes through in Kansas; the rocks exposed in the Flint Hills were laid down about 250 million years ago during the Permian Period. During this time, much of the Midwest, including Kansas and Oklahoma, were covered with shallow seas; as a result, much of the Flint Hills is composed of limestone and shale with plentiful fossils of prehistoric sea creatures. The most notable layer of chert-bearing limestone is the Florence Limestone Member, around 45 feet thick. Numerous roadcuts of the Florence Member are prominent along Interstate 70 in Kansas. Unlike the Pennsylvanian limestones to the east, many of the limestones in the Flint Hills contain numerous bands of chert or flint; because chert is much less soluble than the limestone around it, the weathering of the limestone has left behind a clay soil with abundant chert gravel.
Most of the hilltops in this region are capped with this chert gravel. The highest point in the Flint Hills is Butler County High Point, with an elevation of 1680 ft; the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the World Wildlife Fund have designated the Flint Hills as an ecoregion, distinct from other grasslands of the Great Plains. Beginning in the mid-19th century, homesteaders replaced the American Indians in the Flint Hills. Due to shallow outcroppings of limestone and chert and wheat farming were not practical over much of the area and cattle ranching became the main agricultural activity in the region. Therefore, not having been ploughed over and still sparsely developed today, the Flint Hills represent the last expanse of intact tallgrass prairie in the nation and the best opportunity for sustained preservation of this unique habitat that once covered the Great Plains. Most of the plains, such as the Central tall grasslands to the north, have better soil than the Flint Hills and had a richer plant cover, but have entirely been converted to farmland.
Tallgrass prairie is renewed by fire and grazing, which keep back the growth of trees and shrubs. Prominent grass species are big bluestem and Indian grass. Animals of the grassland include the American bison, which once grazed the area in their millions, were entirely exterminated and have now been reintroduced; the elk that once roamed the area are now gone. Four tallgrass prairie preserves are in the Flint Hills, the largest of which, the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, in the Osage Hills near Pawhuska, Oklahoma boasts a large population of bison and is an important refuge for other wildlife such as the greater prairie chicken; the other preserves, all located in Kansas, are the 17-square-mile Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve in northern Chase County, Kansas near Strong City, the Flint Hills Tallgrass Prairie Preserve east of Cassoday, "the Prairie Chicken Capital of the World", the Konza Prairie, managed as a tallgrass prairie biological research station by Kansas State University. William Least Heat-Moon wrote a tribute to the Flint Hills and the Kansans who live there in his book PrairyErth.
Flint Hills Discovery Center Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Jacobs Creek flood Flint Hills Discovery Center Flint Hills Regional Council Flint Hills resources Flint Hills publications at KGI Online Library State Library of KansasMapsFlint Hills Map - Kansas Geological Survey Flint Hills Map - Flint Hills Discovery CenterPhotosNational Geographic photo gallery