Commuter rail called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis. Trains operate following a schedule at speeds varying from 50 to 225 km/h. Distance charges or zone pricing may be used. Non-English names include Treno suburbano in Italian, Cercanías in Spanish, Rodalies in Catalan, Proastiakos in Greek, S-Bahn in German, Train de banlieue in French, Příměstský vlak or Esko in Czech, Elektrichka in Russian, Pociąg podmiejski in Polish and Pendeltåg in Swedish; the development of commuter rail services has become popular, with the increased public awareness of congestion, dependence on fossil fuels, other environmental issues, as well as the rising costs of owning and parking automobiles. Most commuter trains are built to main line rail standards, differing from light rail or rapid transit systems by: being larger providing more seating and less standing room, owing to the longer distances involved having a lower frequency of service having scheduled services serving lower-density suburban areas connecting suburbs to the city center sharing track or right-of-way with intercity or freight trains not grade separated being able to skip certain stations as an express service due to being driver controlled Compared to rapid transit, commuter/suburban rail has lower frequency, following a schedule rather than fixed intervals, fewer stations spaced further apart.
They serve lower density suburban areas, share right-of-way with intercity or freight trains. Some services operate only during peak hours and others uses fewer departures during off peak hours and weekends. Average speeds are high 50 km/h or higher; these higher speeds better serve the longer distances involved. Some services include express services which skip some stations in order to run faster and separate longer distance riders from short-distance ones; the general range of commuter trains' distance varies between 200 km. Sometimes long distances can be explained by. Distances between stations may vary, but are much longer than those of urban rail systems. In city centers the train either has a terminal station or passes through the city centre with notably fewer station stops than those of urban rail systems. Toilets are available on-board trains and in stations, their ability to coexist with freight or intercity services in the same right-of-way can drastically reduce system construction costs.
However they are built with dedicated tracks within that right-of-way to prevent delays where service densities have converged in the inner parts of the network. Most such trains run on the local standard gauge track; some systems may run on a broader gauge. Examples of narrow gauge systems are found in Japan, Malaysia, Switzerland, in the Brisbane and Perth systems in Australia, in some systems in Sweden, on the Genoa-Casella line in Italy; some countries and regions, including Finland, Pakistan, Russia and Sri Lanka, as well as San Francisco in the US and Melbourne and Adelaide in Australia, use broad gauge track. Metro rail or rapid transit covers a smaller inner-urban area ranging outwards to between 12 km to 20 km, has a higher train frequency and runs on separate tracks, whereas commuter rail shares tracks and the legal framework within mainline railway systems. However, the classification as a metro or rapid rail can be difficult as both may cover a metropolitan area run on separate tracks in the centre, feature purpose-built rolling stock.
The fact that the terminology is not standardised across countries further complicates matters. This distinction is most made when there are two systems such as New York's subway and the LIRR and Metro-North Railroad, Paris' Métro and RER along with Transilien, London's tube lines of the Underground and the Overground, Thameslink along with other commuter rail operators, Madrid's Metro and Cercanías, Barcelona's Metro and Rodalies, Tokyo's subway and the JR lines along with various owned and operated commuter rail systems. In Germany the S-Bahn is regarded as a train category of its own, exists in many large cities and in some other areas, but there are differing service and technical standards from city to city. Most S-Bahns behave like commuter rail with most trackage not separated from other trains, long lines with trains running between cities and suburbs rather than within a city; the distances between stations however, are short. In larger systems there is a high frequency metro-like central corridor in the city center where all the lines converge into.
Typical examples of large city S-Bahns include Frankfurt. S-Bahns do exist in some mid-size cities like Rostock and Magdeburg but behave more like typical commuter rail with lower frequencies and little exclusive trackage. In Berlin, the S-Bahn systems arguably fulfill all considerations of a true metro system (despite the existence of U-Ba
A transit bus is a type of bus used on shorter-distance public transport bus services. Several configurations are used, including low-floor buses, high-floor buses, double-decker buses, articulated buses and midibuses; these are distinct from all-seated coaches used for longer distance journeys and smaller minibuses, for more flexible services. A transit bus will have: large and sometimes multiple doors for ease of boarding and exiting minimal or no luggage space bench or bucket seats, with no coachlike head-rests destination blinds / displays such as headsigns or rollsigns or electronic dot matrix/LED signs legal standing-passenger capacity fare taking/verification equipment pull cord or bus stop request buttonModern transit buses are increasingly being equipped with passenger information systems, multimedia, WiFi, USB charging points, entertainment/advertising, passenger comforts such as heating and air-conditioning; some industry members and commentators promote the idea of making the interior of a transit bus as inviting as a private car, recognising the chief competitor to the transit bus in most markets.
As they are used in a public transport role, transit buses can be operated by publicly run transit authorities or municipal bus companies, as well as private transport companies on a public contract or independent basis. Due to the local authority use, transit buses are built to a third-party specification put to the manufacturer by the authority. Early examples of such specification include the Greater Manchester Leyland Atlantean, DMS-class London Daimler Fleetline. New transit buses may be purchased each time a route/area is contracted, such as in the London Buses tendering system; the operating area of a transit bus may be defined as a geographic metropolitan area, with the buses used outside of this area being more varied with buses purchased with other factors in mind. Some regional-size operators for capital cost reasons may use transit buses interchangeably on short urban routes as well as longer rural routes, sometimes up to 2 or 3 hours. Transit bus operators have a selection of'dual-purpose' fitted buses, standard transit buses fitted with coach-type seating, for longer-distance routes.
Sometimes transit buses may be used as express buses on a limited-stopping or non-stop service at peak times, but over the same distance as the regular route. Fare payment is done via Smart card single or multi-ride coupon/ticket cash and is done upon Pre-payment, done at ticket machines located at the bus stops or at other locations, before getting on the bus. Boarding departing both, e.g. after crossing fare zone boundaries in transit, via an attendant or bus conductor Depending on payment systems in different municipalities, there are different rules with regard to which door, front or rear, one must use when boarding/exiting. For rear doors, most buses have doors opened by patron. Most doors on buses use air-assist technology, the driver controlled doors, use air pressure to force them open, patron-operated doors, can push them open, the doors are heavy, so the touch-to-open or push bar mechanism, sends pressurized air to open the doors. Most doors will signify that they are unlocked and open with lights, this gives guide to those who are going up or down the door steps to not trip and fall.
Unlocked or open doors, will trigger a brake locking mechanism on the bus to prevent it from moving while someone could be entering or exiting the bus, when the door is closed, the lock will release, this is implemented on rear doors, not on front doors, since the driver will be paying attention to the front door. Transit buses can be double-decker, rigid or articulated. Selection of type has traditionally been made on a regional as well as operational basis. Depending on local policies, transit buses will usually have two, three or four doors to facilitate rapid boarding and alighting. In cases of low-demand routes, or to navigate small local streets, some models of minibus and small midibuses have been used as transit type buses; the development of the midibus has given many operators a low-cost way of operating a transit bus service, with some midibuses such as the Plaxton SPD Super Pointer Dart resembling full size transit type vehicles. Due to their public transport role, transit buses were the first type of bus to benefit from low-floor technology, in response to a demand for equal access public service provision.
Transit buses are now subject to various disability discrimination acts in several jurisdictions which dictate various design features applied to other vehicles in some cases. Due to the high number of high-profile urban operations, transit buses are at the forefront of bus electrification, with hybrid electric bus, all-electric bus and fuel cell bus development and testing aimed at reducing fuel usage, shift to green electricity and decreasing environmental impact. Developments of the transit bus towards higher capacity bus transport include tram-like vehicles such as guided buses, longer bi-articulated buses and tram-like buses such as the Wright StreetCar as part of Bus Rapid Transit schemes. Fare collection is seeing a shift to off-bus payment, with either the driver or an inspector verifying fare payments. A commuter or express bus service is a fixed-route bus characterized by service predominantly in on
MBTA Commuter Rail
The MBTA Commuter Rail system serves as the commuter rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's transportation coverage of Greater Boston in the United States. Trains run over 398 miles of track to 137 different stations, with 58 stations on the north side with the remaining 79 stations on the south, it is operated under contract by Keolis, which took over operations on July 1, 2014 from the Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad Company. The system is the sixth-busiest commuter rail system in the U. S. behind the three New York areas, Chicago area, Philadelphia area systems, is tied for fifth-busiest with Philadelphia's SEPTA Regional Rail in terms of weekday ridership. The line's characteristic purple-trimmed coaches operate as far south as North Kingstown, Rhode Island, as far north as Newburyport and as far west as Fitchburg, both in Massachusetts. Trains originate at two major terminals in Boston — South Station and North Station — both transportation hubs offering connections to Amtrak, local bus, intercity bus via South Station Bus Terminal, subway lines, but with as yet no passenger rail infrastructure directly connecting them, other than the existing MBTA subway lines.
MassDOT is entering into a study phase of the North–South Rail Link, which would provide a solution to the problem. In the second quarter of 2017, daily weekday ridership was 122,000. No lines feed into both the South Stations; the following lines terminate at South Station: Greenbush Line Old Colony Lines, consisting of: Kingston/Plymouth Line Middleborough/Lakeville Line Fairmount Line Providence/Stoughton Line Franklin Line Needham Line Framingham/Worcester LineThe following lines terminate at North Station: Fitchburg Line Lowell Line Haverhill Line Newburyport/Rockport Line The Commonwealth of Massachusetts's involvement with the operating facets of commuter rail began in 1967 when the Boston & Maine Railroad petitioned the Interstate Commerce Commission to discontinue all passenger services. Service north of the state line was discontinued, but most service in Massachusetts was preserved through a contract between the Commonwealth and the B&M, at this time still an independent railroad company.
The Commonwealth and MBTA began to purchase several lines, like the Lowell Line between Somerville and Wilmington, from the B&M. In 1969 the B&M transported 24,000 passengers every weekday on four separate routes, its yearly deficit was US$3.2 million. A pool of 86 Budd Rail Diesel Cars provided the service. B&M filed for bankruptcy protection in 1970. All remaining B&M commuter assets, with the exception of yard tracks and freight-only branches, were sold to the Commonwealth on December 14, 1976, though B&M was contracted to operate the service using its existing fleet of diesel railcars; the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, the long-time operator of most South Station commuter trains, filed for bankruptcy for the last time in 1961. Two years earlier in 1959, the railroad had discontinued passenger service on the Old Colony division in southeastern Massachusetts. On July 28, 1965, the MBTA signed an agreement with the New Haven Railroad to purchase 11 miles of the former Old Colony mainline from Fort Point Channel to South Braintree in order to construct a new rapid transit line along the corridor.
The line was expected to be completed within two years. The agreement provided for the MBTA to subsidize commuter service on the railroad's remaining commuter rail lines for $1.2 million annually. The NH was included in the Penn Central Transportation Company merger in 1968, which itself filed bankruptcy in 1970. MBTA purchased many PC southside commuter lines on January 27, 1973, including the Providence/Stoughton Line as far as the Rhode Island border plus the branch to Stoughton, the Franklin Line and Needham Line and the Framingham/Worcester Line from Riverside to Framingham, as well as a number of abandoned lines and lines without passenger service including the Old Colony mainline from Boston to Braintree and the Plymouth/Kingston Line. PC merged into Conrail on April 1, 1976; the MBTA purchased the Fairmount Line to restore it for passenger service as a bypass during Southwest Corridor reconstruction. The Framingham/Worcester Line part of the Boston & Albany Railroad, was merged into the New York Central Railroad and its ownership subsequently passed to PC in 1968.
As part of the Massachusetts Turnpike Boston Extension's construction in the 1960s, the Worcester Line's roadbed between Route 128 and Boston was sold to the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority, with the provison that the control of the railroad remain with NYC. Conrail inherited the line which formed a vital freight artery between Boston's Beacon Yard and Conrail's Selkirk Yard; the Riverside-Framingham section was sold to the MBTA in 1976 as part of their larger acquisition of PC commuter assets, but the section past Framingham remained in Conrail control. In September 2009, Conrail successor CSX Transportation and the Commonwealth finalized a $100 million agreement to purchase CSX's Framingham to Worcester tracks, as well as the Grand Junction Railroad plus lines which will be part of the South Coast Rail project, to improve service on the Framingham/Worcester Line. After several years of construction and negotiations, ownership of the line was transferred to the commonwealth on October 4, 2012, with increased service on the outer section of the line beginning several weeks later.
The Northeast Rail Service Act of 1981 compelled Conrail to transfer operations of all pa
Green Line "B" Branch
The "B" Branch called the Commonwealth Avenue Branch or Boston College Branch, is a branch of the MBTA Green Line light rail system which operates on Commonwealth Avenue west of downtown Boston, Massachusetts. One of four branches of the Green Line, the "B" Branch runs from Boston College station down the median of Commonwealth Avenue to Blandford Street. There, it enters Blandford Street Portal into Kenmore station, where it merges with the "C" and "D" branches; the combined services run into the Boylston Street Subway and Tremont Street Subway to downtown Boston. As of 2017, "B" Branch service terminates at Park Street; the Green Line Rivalry between Boston College and Boston University is named in reference to the "B" Branch, which runs to both universities. The first sections of what is now the "B" Branch to open were built for what became the Watertown Line and Beacon Street Line. In 1889, the West End Street Railway opened the Beacon Street Line, including a branch that ran from Coolidge Corner to Oak Square along Harvard Avenue, Brighton Avenue, Cambridge Street, Washington Street.
While this route provided service to the fast-growing suburbs of Allston and Brighton, a more direct route was desirable. When Commonwealth Avenue was improved between Governors Square and the junction with Brighton Avenue in the mid-1890s, a 33-foot -wide median was included for use by a streetcar line to support real estate development. Service began from Governors Square to Cottage Farm in 1894, to Brighton Avenue in 1895, along Brighton Avenue to connect with the older trackage on May 18, 1896. Further west, between Chestnut Hill Avenue and the Boston–Newton boundary at Lake Street, a 33-foot -wide streetcar median was built. Service between Lake Street and downtown Boston began on August 15, 1896. Streetcars ran on Chestnut Hill Avenue, the existing Beacon Street line, Washington Street, Huntington Avenue. At Lake Street, the line connected with the Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway, which opened the popular Norumbega Park on June 17, 1897. East of Governors Square, the Beacon Street line ran on Beacon Street, Massachusetts Avenue, Boylston Street to Park Square.
By the time the Commonwealth Avenue segments opened, streetcars continued along congested tracks on Tremont Street to reach the northern railroad terminals. Both the Nonantum Square and Lake Street lines were rerouted into the Tremont Street Subway to terminate at Park Street station soon after the tunnel's September 1, 1897 opening; the Boston Elevated Railway leased the West End Street Railway on October 1, 1897, continued its system expansion. The BERy opened new tracks on Commonwealth Avenue from Chestnut Hill Avenue to Brighton Avenue on May 26, 1900, allowing direct service from Lake Street to downtown via Commonwealth Avenue. Though much of the land surrounding Commonwealth Avenue in Brighton was not yet developed, the new line was patronized. For most of its length, the 1900-built trackage was not in a center median, but in a reservation between the southbound travel lane and southbound carriage lane. Between Warren Street and Wallingford Road, the reservation was wider than the tracks.
Through service between Norumbega Park and Park Street station via Lake Street begun on January 17, 1903. West of Lake Street, streetcars were operated by the Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway, which merged into the Newton and Boston Street Railway in 1904 and the Middlesex and Boston Street Railway in 1909; the Newton Street Railway began through service between Park Street and Waltham via the Watertown Line on February 23, 1903. When the Cambridge Tunnel opened in April 1912, the Waltham service was rerouted to Central Square station in Cambridge instead. On May 1, 1912, the M&B began a second through service over the Commonwealth Avenue route - this one running to Newton Highlands; the Boylston Street Subway opened on October 3, 1914, acting as an extension of the Tremont Street Subway to just east of Governors Square, with intermediate stops at Copley Square and Massachusetts Avenue. The Newton Highlands through service was cut back to Lake Street, where it connected with BERy streetcar service.
Norumbega Park through service was similar cut back on November 1, 1914, as the older M&B streetcars could not match the speed of the newer BERy streetcars in the subway. The Commonwealth Avenue line served two major baseball stadiums: Fenway Park near Governors Square, Braves Field in Allston; the BERy opened a prepayment surface station at Kenmore Street in Governors Square in 1915. The new Braves Field opened on August 18, 1915; the loop was used to turn trains for Red Sox games at Fenway Park, for rush-hour short turns. The loop was used during games. Around 1916, the BERy built a storage yard for streetcars north of Commonwealth Avenue at Lake Street. Remaining M&B service to Lake Street was replaced by buses in 1930. An expansion of Reservoir Yard, completed in May 1940, supplemented Lake Street Yard and eliminated the need to base some Com
New Bedford, Massachusetts
New Bedford is a city in Bristol County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 95,072, making it the sixth-largest city in Massachusetts. New Bedford is nicknamed "The Whaling City" because during the 19th century, the city was one of the most important whaling ports in the world, along with Nantucket and New London, Connecticut; the city, along with Fall River and Taunton, make up the three largest cities in the South Coast region of Massachusetts and is known for its fishing fleet and accompanying seafood producing industries as well as having a high concentration of Luso Americans. Before the 17th century, the Wampanoag, who had settlements throughout southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, including Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket, were the only inhabitants of the lands along the Acushnet River, their population is believed to have been about 12,000. While exploring New England, Bartholomew Gosnold landed on Cuttyhunk Island on May 15, 1602. From there, he explored Cape Cod and the neighboring areas, including the site of present-day New Bedford.
However, rather than settle the area, he returned to England at the request of his crew. Europeans first settled New Bedford in 1652. English Plymouth Colony settlers purchased the land from chief Massasoit of the Wampanoag tribe. Whether the transfer of the land was legitimately done has been the subject of intense controversy. Like other native tribes, the Wampanoags did not share the settlers' concepts of private property; the tribe may have believed they were granting usage rights to the land, not giving it up permanently. The settlers used the land to build the colonial town of Old Dartmouth. A section of Old Dartmouth near the west bank of the Acushnet River called Bedford Village, was incorporated as the town of New Bedford on February 23, 1787 after the American Revolutionary War; the name was suggested by the Russell family. The Dukes of Bedford, a leading English aristocratic house bore the surname Russell; the late-18th century was a time of growth for the town. New Bedford's first newspaper, The Medley, was founded in 1792.
On June 12, 1792, the town set up its first post office. William Tobey was its first postmaster; the construction of a bridge between New Bedford and present-day Fairhaven in 1796 spurred growth. On March 18, 1847 the town of New Bedford became a city. At the same time, New Bedford began to supplant Nantucket as the nation's preeminent whaling port, thanks to its deeper harbor and location on the mainland. Whaling dominated the economy of the city for much of the century. Many families of the city were involved with it as crew and officers of ships; until 1800, New Bedford and its surrounding communities were, by and large, populated by Protestants of English, Scottish and Dutch origin. During the first half of the 19th century many Irish people came to Massachusetts. In 1818, Irish immigrants established the Catholic mission. In that century, immigrants from Portugal and its dependent territories of the Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira began arriving in New Bedford and the surrounding area, attracted by jobs in the whaling industry.
As the Portuguese community began to increase, they established the first Portuguese parish in the city, St. John the Baptist. French Canadians secured a foothold in New Bedford at about the same time, they built the Church of the Sacred Heart in 1877. Polish immigrants began arriving in the late 19th century and established the parish of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in 1903. A number of Jewish families, arriving in the late 19th century, were active in the whaling industry, selling provisions and outfitting ships. During the years leading up to the First World War, a sizable eastern-European Jewish community joined them in New Bedford; some became prominent merchants and businessmen in textiles and manufacturing. In 1847, the New Bedford Horticultural Society was begun by James Arnold; the Ash Street Jail, which houses inmates from Bristol County, is located in New Bedford. It is the oldest continuously operating jail in the United States. Fort Taber and Fort Rodman are now in Fort Taber Park. Both forts are called Fort Taber, including in some references.
New Bedford is located at 41°39′06″N 70°56′01″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles. Of the total area, 20.0 square miles is land, 4.1 square miles, or 17.13%, is water. New Bedford is a coastal city, a seaport, bordered on the west by Dartmouth, on the north by Freetown, on the east by Acushnet and Fairhaven, on the south by Buzzards Bay. From New Bedford's northern border with Freetown to the Buzzards Bay coast at Clark's Point the distance is 14 miles. Across New Bedford east to west is a distance of about 2 miles; the highest point in the city is an unnamed hill crossed by Interstate 195 and Hathaway Road west of downtown, with an elevation greater than 1
Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority
The Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority is a public, non-profit organization in Massachusetts, United States, charged with providing public transportation to an area consisting of the cities and towns of Amesbury, Boxford, Groveland, Lawrence, Methuen, Newburyport, North Andover, Rowley and West Newbury, as well as a seasonal service to the popular nearby summer destination of Hampton Beach, New Hampshire. The MVRTA provides fixed route bus services and paratransit services within its area, together with services to Lowell and Boston. MVRTA's buses provide interchange with commuter lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority at Andover Station, Haverhill station, Lawrence station, Lowell station and Newburyport station; the MVRTA started operation in 1976, having been created under Chapter 161B of the Massachusetts General Laws. Since 1983, operation of the MVRTA has been subcontracted to First Transit, a subsidiary of the United Kingdom based FirstGroup. Buses start service at 5:00, 5:30, or 6:00 AM, the last bus for each route is at 6:00 or 7:00 PM. 01 Lawrence-Methuen-Haverhill 41 Lawrence-LowellBuses 01 and 41 are two segments of one continuous bus.
From west to east, Bus 41 starts at the Lowell commuter rail station, the terminal for the LRTA, it goes into Dracut and Lawrence. At the Buckley Transportation Center, the bus switches numbers to become Bus 01, which goes through a different part of Methuen, provides access to The Loop, goes into Haverhill, ending at the Washington Square Transit Station, near the Haverhill commuter rail. Most of this route is on Route 110. Buses 01 and 41 run every half hour on weekdays and every hour on weekends. 13 Main Street/North Avenue 14 Bradford/Ward Hill 15 Hilldale Avenue/Haverhill Commons 16 Washington Street/Westgate Plaza 18 RiversideThese five buses are used for transport within Haverhill. Each of these buses is a shuttle between the Washington Square Transit Station, near the Haverhill commuter rail station, another part of Haverhill. Bus 13 goes north to the New Hampshire border, Bus 14 goes south into Bradford, Buses 15 and 16 take different routes going west, Bus 18 goes east; these five buses run every hour on weekdays, leaving the Washington Square Transit Station on the hour.
On weekends, the schedule is more irregular leaving twice every 2 hours and 15 minutes. 32 Andover 33 North Andover 34 Prospect Hill 35 Water Street 36 Lawrence Street 37 Beacon Street 39A Doctor's Park 39B Phillips Street 40 Methuen Square/Village Plaza 85 Lawrence Downtown ShuttleThese ten buses leave the Buckley Transportation Center in Lawrence every hour, going in different directions. Buses 33, 39A, 39B go to the North Andover Mall in different ways. Buses 32 and 33 provide access to commuter rail stations in Lawrence, respectively. Bus 35 parallels Bus 41, going west into Methuen and ending just before reaching Interstate 93, while Bus 41 continues further. Bus 37 goes west along Andover St. into the western part of Andover, Bus 40 goes north to Methuen. Buses 34 and 85 travel within Lawrence, while Bus 36 is in Lawrence but provides access to the Holy Family Hospital in Methuen. Bus 34 provides access to Lawrence General Hospital. Bus 85 travels in a loop around Downtown Lawrence; these ten buses run every hour.
On weekdays from 6 AM to 8 AM and 2 PM to 6 PM, they run every half hour. The buses all leave Buckley Transportation Center at the same time to reduce time spent waiting during transfers. 51 Haverhill-NECC-Merrimac-Amesbury-Newburyport 54 Amesbury-Newburyport-Salisbury BeachBuses 51 and 54, which are two numbers for one bus similar to 01 and 41, run from Washington Square Transit Station in Haverhill to Northern Essex Community College and the towns of Merrimac, Amesbury and Salisbury, ending at Salisbury Beach. The section in Newburyport allows passengers to access the Newburyport station on the Commuter Rail; the bus is numbered 54 east of Amesbury. Buses 51 and 54 are on a 70-minute cycle. 99 Boston Commuter ExpressBus 99 has stops in Methuen and Andover once per day on weekdays. It goes into Boston without access to any of the cities or towns in between Andover and Boston; the return trip in the afternoon starts in Boston and allows people to get off at the same stops where people boarded the bus in the morning.
21 Andover Shuttle 53 Newburyport Summer Shuttle 56 Northern Essex Community College 73 Haverhill - IRS/Raytheon 75 Lawrence - IRS/Raytheon 83 Lawrence-Haverhill-Salisbury Beach-Hampton Beach Bus 21 runs on a 70-minute cycle between Downtown Andover and the North Andover Mall. Bus 75 runs twice per day from Lawrence to IRS locations in Andover, it does return trips in the afternoon. Bus 73 used to run once per day from Haverhill to the same Raytheon and IRS locations, but it was discontinued in 2018. During the summer, bus 83 runs twice per day from Lawrence through Methuen, Haverhill and Amesbury to provide access to Salisbury Beach and Hampton Beach, does the return trip several hours later. MVRTA official website
Seashore Trolley Museum
The Seashore Trolley Museum, located in Kennebunkport, United States, is the world's oldest and largest museum of mass transit vehicles. While the main focus of the collection is trolley cars, it includes rapid transit trains, Interurban cars, trolley buses, motor buses; the Seashore Trolley Museum is owned and operated by the New England Electric Railway Historical Society. Of the museum's collection of more than 250 vehicles, ten trolley and railroad cars that operated in Maine were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, as Maine Trolley Cars. Theodore F. Santarelli de Brasch was one of the founders of the museum, operated as the Seashore Electric Railway, he graduated from Harvard University and led the museum until he died in 1987. The events that led to the formation of the museum started in 1939, when a group of railfans learned that the Biddeford and Saco Railroad was purchasing motor buses to replace its fleet of trolley cars. More and more trolley companies were doing this as the technology of buses had developed to the point that they were reliable and economical.
The railfans decided to find out. The railroad was willing to sell them a car for $150. However, it would have to be moved to another location due to local ordinances that prohibited retired trolleys from being used as houses though this was not the railfans' intention. A plot of land, part of a farm, was rented on Log Cabin Road in Kennebunkport, adjacent to the right-of-way for the Atlantic Shore Line Railway's Kennebunk-Biddeford route, the trolley was moved to it. At about the same time, another group of railfans purchased a trolley from the Manchester and Nashua Street Railway; the two groups merged, the Nashua trolley was brought to the Log Cabin Road site. The group of founders formally incorporated in 1941 as the New England Electric Railway Historical Society. World War II caused the museum to be put on hold, as many members served in the armed forces for the duration; this brought about a temporary revival of trolley services in many cities, as rubber and gasoline were rationed for the war effort.
After the war, conversion of trolley lines to buses resumed, created a period of rapid growth for the museum's collection. In the 1950s, a diesel-powered electric generator was used to allow the cars to move under their own power. Car 31 was moved into a small building so that it could be restored; the first major expansion occurred in late 1955 and early 1956, when the Society purchased land near the Biddeford city line along U. S. Route 1. In the summer of 1956, the Seashore Electric Railway began passenger operations on weekends over its 1⁄4 mile of track. In 1980, ten of the museum's trolley and railroad cars were listed on the National Register of Historic Places; these include other vehicles either built or operated in Maine. Two cars of the Aroostook Valley Railroad, two built by the York Utilities Company of Sanford are included in this collection; as of 2010, the museum had over 260 vehicles. While most are from New England and other areas of the United States, trolleys from Canada, Japan, Hungary, Scotland and several other countries are in the collection.
One of the motor buses the museum owns is Biddeford and Saco #31, the bus that replaced trolley #31 in 1939. The bus was donated to the museum by the bus company; the Seashore Trolley Museum continues to acquire new vehicles for the collection. The museum is open from 10 am to 5 pm. From Memorial Day to Columbus Day, it is open daily, from the first weekend of May through Memorial Day, from Columbus Day to the last weekend in October, it is open on weekends; the main building at the museum, the Visitor Center, includes a ticket booth, a museum store with an extensive collection of rare and out-of-print books and DVDs as well as many toys and souvenirs, a snack bar, an exhibit room with trolley and transit-related artifacts. The trolleys that have been restored to operating condition are shown on display in three car barns. A restoration shop with an elevated observation gallery shows visitors how the vehicles are maintained and restored. Additional storage barns and tracks, which are not accessible to the general public, contain vehicles that are awaiting restoration.
A few of the restored trolleys are operating on the demonstration line at one time. Restored trolleys are used on the museum's demonstration railway, which follows the route of the Atlantic Shore Line, a trolley line that ran on the current museum property and connected Kennebunkport to York Beach. Since the line was abandoned in the 1920s, museum volunteers have rebuilt a mile and a half from scratch. Seashore owns the right of way to Biddeford, about 5 mi from the Visitor Center. A demonstration route leads a half to Talbot Park and back to the Visitor Center; the collection of trolley buses includes vehicles from all over the country, the world, of which about twenty are in operating condition. Restoration on as many as six to seven cars is underway at all times. Discussions are under way to rehabilitate the existing line; the museum has many themed events throughout the operating season including dog day, sunset ice cream rides, community appreciation day, veterans' appreciation day, antique auto day, pumpkin patch trolley, transit day, children's story time, special prelude rides on the first two weekends in December.
The exhibit room may be rented for parties, meetings or family reunions. In 2014 the