Endeavour is a 130-foot J-class yacht built for the 1934 America's Cup by Camper and Nicholson in Gosport, England. She was built for Thomas Sopwith who used his aviation design expertise to ensure the yacht was the most advanced of its day with a steel hull and mast, she was launched in 1934 and won many races in her first season including against the J's Velsheda and Shamrock V. She failed in her America's Cup challenge against the American defender Rainbow but came closer to lifting the cup than any other until Australia II succeeded in 1983. Endeavour was designed by Charles Ernest Nicholson. Endeavour pioneered the Quadrilateral genoa, a twin clewed headsail offering great sail area and consequent power. Endeavour challenged for the 1934 America's raced New York Yacht Club defender Rainbow. However, the campaign was blighted by a strike of Sopwith's professional crew prior to departing for America. Forced to rely on keen amateurs, who lacked the necessary experience, the campaign failed. Rainbow won with 4–2.
This was one of the most contentious of the America's Cup battles and prompted the headline "Britannia rules the waves and America waives the rules." Following the America's Cup, she dominated the British sailing scene until, whilst being towed across the Atlantic to Britain in September 1937, she broke loose from her tow and was feared lost. The hulk was found and returned to England where she was laid up. For 46 years Endeavour languished through a variety of owners. In 1947, she was sold for scrap, saved. In the 1970s she sank in the River Isle of Wight. Endeavour was patched up enough to refloat; until the mid-1980s she was on shore at Calshot Spit, an ex-seaplane base on the edge of the New Forest, Southern England. By this time she was in a desperate state, with only the hull remaining, lacking rudder and keel. In 1984 the hulk of Endeavour was bought by Elizabeth Meyer, who undertook a five-year project to rebuild her; the initial work was undertaken where she lay to ensure that the hull was sufficiently seaworthy to be towed to the shipyard of Royal Huisman, in Holland, who designed and installed a new rig, engine and mechanical systems and fitted the interior to a high standard.
Meyer described the rebuild not only as challenging, but beyond her financial means. In a 2014 interview with CNN she described a "restoration urge" as being "inherent in the human nature" and said that she "immediately went'Oh no'" when she realised the enormity of this task and that it fell to her. Meyer said she had to sell real estate investments to fund the restoration and that Endeavour was chartered throughout her entire ownership; when Endeavour sailed again, on 22 June 1989, it was for the first time in 52 years. In September that year Meyer organised the first J‑Class race for over 50 years, pitting Endeavour against Shamrock V at Newport, Rhode Island, she could not afford to pay them. The reborn J Class cruised extensively and in 1999 joined the rebuilt Velsheda and Shamrock V to compete in the Antigua Classics Regatta. Meyer sold Endeavour to Dennis Kozlowski for US$15M in 2000. In 2006, she was sold again, this time to Hawaiian resident Cassio Antunes for $13.1M. In 2011, Endeavour completed an 18-month refit in New Zealand, during which a carbon-fiber mast and standing rigging were fitted and some changes were made to the deck layout.
In summer 2015, it was reported that Endeavour was again for sale, with an asking price of €19,950,000. America's Cup's AC-clopaedia: Endeavour at the Wayback Machine J Class Management Super Yacht Times - Specifications
Rainbow was a 1930 yacht of the J Class and successful defender of the 1934 America's Cup. It was designed by William Starling Burgess. Rainbow was scrapped in 1940. A replica, was launched in 2012 at Holland Jachtbouw. In January 2015 it was reported that she was for sale with an asking price of €10,450,000 VAT paid
NZL 82 was a 2003-generation International America's Cup Class racing yacht. Raced by defenders Team New Zealand in the 2003 America's Cup match, she was defeated 5–0 by challenger Alinghi. After the successful 2000 defence in Auckland, many senior Team New Zealand members were lured to richer syndicates and their challenges for the 2003 America's Cup. Most notable among these departures were those of Russell Coutts and Brad Butterworth to Swiss challengers Alinghi; these departures resulted in a lack of senior leadership at Team New Zealand, which along with a relative lack of funds, caused the team to resort to radical design innovations in an attempt to defend the cup with raw boat speed alone. NZL 82 was notable for her design innovations; the most controversial of these was the so-called "HULA" – a flat appendage attached to the afterbody of the hull designed to increase waterline length without increasing the overall length of the boat. Another radical innovation was the keel bulb, which at 7 metres in length, was over 2 metres longer than its competitors of the time.
NZL 82 was used in Team New Zealand's 2003 America's Cup defence. She was ineffective, losing 0–5 to challenger Alinghi; the defeat was due to NZL 82's lack of reliability. The first race was sailed in choppy seas. NZL 82 retired due to multiple gear failures in the rigging and the low cockpit unexpectedly taking onboard large quantities of water; the end of the boom snapped off due to increased stress caused by the weight of water in the boat. In addition the headsail pulled out of the groove in the forestay foil, damaging it and preventing a new sail from being hoisted. Race 4 was sailed in strong winds and rough seas and NZL 82's mast snapped on the third leg causing retirement. On the third leg in race 5, NZL 82 broke a spinnaker pole. Alinghi's SUI 64 proved to be more reliable. NZL 82 was subsequently refined and competed in the Louis Vuitton Acts which were used as the build-up to the 2007 America's Cup. NZL 82 won the 2004 Louis Vuitton Season. NZL 82 along with NZL 81 are both in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.
The boats, now owned and operated by Cabo Adventures, are set up so that the public has the opportunity to race the yachts off the Gulf of California / Pacific Ocean areas near Cabo San Lucas. Both yachts have had engines installed for commercial use. Heavier duty sails have been purchased and installed which will last much longer than the lighter, racing sails used in America's Cup racing
Puritan was the 1885 America's Cup defender. Designed by Edward Burgess, she was built at the George Lawley & Son yard in Boston and launched May 26, 1885. Puritan was an early combination of American and English designs with some of the depth of a cutter but beam and power of a sloop, it was skippered by John Malcolm Forbes. She defeated the New York club's Priscilla went on to defend the America's Cup against the British yacht Genesta, a traditional cutter. Following the contest, they began work on an improved version which would be called the Mayflower. Lawson, Thomas W.. "Chapter VII". The Lawson History of the America's Cup. Winfield M. Thompson Press. P. 97. ISBN 978-0-907069-40-9. America's Cup Official Website for the 32nd America's Cup in Valencia 1890s Yacht Photography of J. S. Johnston
Oracle Team USA 17
Oracle Team USA 17 is an AC72 class catamaran of Oracle Team USA that defended the 2013 America's Cup. The yacht was donated to the Mariners' Museum in Newport News, where as of 2017 it is on display. Oracle Team USA 17 was launched on April 23, 2013. Oracle Team USA 17 won against Aotearoa of Emirates Team New Zealand by 9–8 in the 2013 America's Cup
America³ (1992 yacht)
America³ was an American International America's Cup Class yacht that defended the 1992 America's Cup challenge from the Il Moro Challenge racing syndicate. America³ was one of four yachts built for the America3 Foundation racing syndicate, headed by American businessman Bill Koch, for the 1992 Citizen Cup, it was launched in 1992. America³ won the Citizen Cup successfully defended the America's Cup against the challenge of the Italian yacht Il Moro di Venezia V, winner of the 1992 Louis Vuitton Cup; the America3 Foundation racing syndicate entered the 1995 Citizen Cup with an all women's programme. The team sailed America³ in the first three stages of the Round Robin switched to their newly delivered yacht Mighty Mary for the remainder of the event
Galatea was the unsuccessful Scottish challenger of the sixth America's Cup race in 1886 against American defender Mayflower. Galatea, a gaff cutter, was designed by John Beavor-Webb and built in 1885 for owner Lieutenant William Henn, R. N. of the Royal Northern Yacht Club. The all-metal Galatea had a steel frame, a lead-filled steel keel, a riveted steel-planked hull, painted white; the deck was teak. Galatea was launched in May 1885. After a series of losses in British races, the owner and his wife sailed to New York in the summer of 1886. Galatea lost both races in the September 1886 America's Cup in New York to the American defender Mayflower. During these 1886 voyages, Galatea had a monkey named Peggy on board as a mascot; the monkey became ill and died and was buried in Brooklyn, NY. Following his defeat, he challenged General Paine of the Mayflower to a private rematch, in the spring of 1887 was defeated again. Won the Queen's Jubilee Cup Royal Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron Regatta in Halifax N.
S. 20 August 1887. From 1888 until 1894, Mr. and Mrs. Henn lived aboard Galatea in Britain. Following Lt. Henn's death in 1894, Mrs. Henn continued to live aboard the yacht until her death in 1911. In January 1912, the Galatea was broken up. Media related to Galatea at Wikimedia Commons America's Cup's Ac-clopaedia The 19th Century Yacht Photography of J. S. Johnston