Wong Chuk Hang
Wong Chuk Hang or Staunton Creek is an industrial and residential area in the Southern District of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. It is east of Aberdeen, north of Nam Long Shan, west of Shouson Hill. Neolithic artifacts have been unearthed in a region called Chung Hom Wan, not far from Wong Chuk Hang. In 1550 the Hong Kong Village was established in Wong Chuk Hang. In 1860 a satellite village, Wong Chuk Hang San Wai, was established. Wong Chuk Hang became urbanised only in the 1960s as one of the major light industrial areas in Hong Kong, its fortune has been in decline since the 1990s, when large numbers of manufacturers relocated from Hong Kong to mainland China. As of the 2010s Wong Chuk Hang is in a state of transition: attracted by cheap rents, improved transport connection, proximity to the tourist areas of Aberdeen and Ocean Park, several office towers have been built, a number of art galleries and restaurants have moved into empty factory floors, two hotels have opened; the fashion company I.
T has its head office on the 31st floor of Tower A of Southmark in Wong Chuk Hang. Features of Wong Chuk Hang include: Grantham Hospital Holy Spirit Seminary Hong Kong Police Training School Ocean Park Wong Chuk Hang Estate RoadAberdeen Tunnel is a two-tube tunnel linking Wong Chuk Hang and Happy Valley. RailWong Chuk Hang Station, a station of the MTR South Island Line. Buses There are a few minibuses connecting Wong Chuk Hang and different parts of Hong Kong. Wong Chuk Hang Prehistoric Hong Kong
Hong Kong Parkview
Hong Kong Parkview is the largest private housing estate in Tai Tam, Hong Kong. It is located at Mount Nicholson, Wong Nai Chung Gap, with the east of Wong Nai Chung Reservoir Park, it is surrounded by Tai Tam Country Park. Each block is 20 storeys tall; the estate houses a total of 984 flats. It consists of 18 blocks opened in 1989 by Chyau Fwu, it was designed by Wong Partners. Being surrounded by protected lands on all sides, the development was criticised after opening for spoiling the serenity of Tai Tam Country Park. In 2004, undercover officers from the Home Affairs Department stayed overnight at Hong Kong Parkview, found that it offered services akin to that of a hotel. Parkview Limited and Tri-view Limited were thus fined HK$20,000 for operating a hotel without a licence, as is required under the Hotel and Guesthouse Accommodation Ordinance. Parkview appealed the fines, arguing that they operated within a technical loophole, but the appeal was rejected by the Court of Final Appeal in 2006.
In November 2003, Robert Kissel, the Asia-Pacific managing director of global principal products of Merrill Lynch was killed here by his wife, Nancy Kissel, by milkshake laced with sleep medicine. Official website
Hong Kong the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth most densely populated region. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842; the colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War, was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. The entire territory was transferred to China in 1997; as a special administrative region, Hong Kong's system of government is separate from that of mainland China and its people identify more as Hongkongers rather than Chinese. A sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages, the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports.
It is the world's seventh-largest trading entity, its legal tender is the world's 13th-most traded currency. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality; the territory has the largest number of skyscrapers in most surrounding Victoria Harbour. Hong Kong ranks seventh on the UN Human Development Index, has the sixth-longest life expectancy in the world. Although over 90 per cent of its population uses public transportation, air pollution from neighbouring industrial areas of mainland China has resulted in a high level of atmospheric particulates; the name of the territory, first spelled "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780 referred to a small inlet between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between local fishermen. Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng; the name translates as "fragrant harbour" or "incense harbour".
"Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odor from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export. Sir John Davis offered an alternative origin; the simplified name Hong Kong was used by 1810 written as a single word. Hongkong was common until 1926, when the government adopted the two-word name; some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The region is first known to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago. Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation; the Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom after the Qin collapse, recaptured by China after the Han conquest.
During the Mongol conquest, the Southern Song court was located in modern-day Kowloon City before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen. By the end of the Yuan dynasty, seven large families had settled in the region and owned most of the land. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty; the earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513. Portuguese merchants established a trading post called in Hong Kong waters, began regular trade with southern China. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s, Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were reestablished by 1549. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557. After the Qing conquest, maritime trade was banned under the Haijin policies; the Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton.
Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant. To counter the trade imbalance, the British sold large amounts of Indian opium to China. Faced with a drug crisis, Qing officials pursued ever-more-aggressive actions to halt the opium trade; the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium, ordering imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade in 1839. The commissioner destroyed opium stockpiles and halted all foreign trade, forcing a British military response and triggering the First Opium War; the Qing ceded Hong Kong Island in the Convention of Chuenpi. However, both countries did not ratify the agreement. After over a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. Administrative infrastructure was built up by early 1842, but piracy and hostile Qing policies towards Hong Kong prevented the government from attracting merchants.
The Taiping Rebellion, when many wealthy Chinese fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colon
Private housing estates in Hong Kong
Private housing estate is a term used in Hong Kong for private mass housing – a housing estate developed by a private developer, as opposed to a public housing estate built by the Hong Kong Housing Authority or the Hong Kong Housing Society. It is characterised with a cluster of high-rise buildings, with its own market or shopping mall. Mei Foo Sun Chuen, built by Mobil, is the largest by number of blocks. Early real estate development in Hong Kong followed the urban street pattern: single blocks are packed along streets and most of them are managed independently, with quality varying from block to block. Private housing estates on the other hand provide integrated management throughout whole estate, attracting more affluent residents. Mei Foo Sun Chuen, Taikoo Shing, Whampoa Garden and City One Shatin are early notable examples. More projects followed and the idea became accepted as the middle class of Hong Kong emerged. With the economies of scale of large developments, the lifting of height restrictions since the opening of the new airport at Chek Lap Kok, there is the tendency of new private tower block developments with 10 to over 100 towers, ranging from 30-to-70-storeys high.
There has been a trend in joint ventures between the oligopolistic real-estate developer in Hong Kong. Developers have been partnering up to bid for development sites. At a land auction on 8 May 2007, the Government warned developers not to collude in bidding. There is some controversy over the "wall effect" caused by uniform high-rise developments which adversely impact air circulation and aggravate the heat effect but impact public hygiene and contribute to air pollution. Private developers seeking to maximise revenues have tended to build uniform blocks on seafront sites to give all units unrestricted sea view. Environmental group Green Sense expressed concern that their survey on 155 housing estates found 104 have a'wall-like' design, it cited estates in Tai Kok Tsui and Tseung Kwan O as the "best examples". Head of the Planning Department, Ava Ng, argued that the air ventilation factor has been taken into consideration with regard to the auction of all prime sites on the land application list, said the erection of tall buildings at these sites will not create any "wall effect."An air ventilation assessment is required only for sites with a total gross floor area of more than 100,000 square metres, according to technical guidelines in existence since 2006.
In May, 2007, citing concern over developments in West Kowloon, near Tai Wai and Yuen Long railway stations, Wong Kwok-hing of the Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions proposed a motion calling for measures to reduce screen-like buildings which maximise good views at the expense of air flow in densely populated areas. The motion was vetoed by functional constituency representatives; the following is a partial list of private housing estates in Hong Kong: Housing in Hong Kong Condominium Commonhold
Simplified Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language; the government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Hong Kong and the Republic of China. While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups retain their use of simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name colloquially; the latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms.
On the other hand, the official name refers to the modern systematically simplified character set, which includes not only structural simplification but substantial reduction in the total number of standardized Chinese characters. Simplified character forms were created by reducing the number of strokes and simplifying the forms of a sizable proportion of Chinese characters; some simplifications were based on popular cursive forms embodying graphic or phonetic simplifications of the traditional forms. Some characters were simplified by applying regular rules, for example, by replacing all occurrences of a certain component with a simplified version of the component. Variant characters with the same pronunciation and identical meaning were reduced to a single standardized character the simplest amongst all variants in form. Many characters were left untouched by simplification, are thus identical between the traditional and simplified Chinese orthographies; some simplified characters are dissimilar to and unpredictably different from traditional characters in those where a component is replaced by a simple symbol.
This has led some opponents of simplification to complain that the'overall process' of character simplification is arbitrary. Proponents counter that the system of simplification is internally consistent. Proponents have emphasized a some particular simplified characters as innovative and useful improvements, although many of these have existed for centuries as longstanding and widespread variants. A second round of simplifications was promulgated in 1977, but was retracted in 1986 for a variety of reasons due to the confusion caused and the unpopularity of the second round simplifications. However, the Chinese government never dropped its goal of further simplification in the future. In August 2009, the PRC began collecting public comments for a modified list of simplified characters; the new Table of General Standard Chinese Characters consisting of 8,105 characters was implemented for use by the State Council of the People's Republic of China on June 5, 2013. Although most of the simplified Chinese characters in use today are the result of the works moderated by the government of the People's Republic of China in the 1950s and 60s, character simplification predates the PRC's formation in 1949.
Cursive written text always includes character simplification. Simplified forms used in print are attested as early as the Qin dynasty. One of the earliest proponents of character simplification was Lufei Kui, who proposed in 1909 that simplified characters should be used in education. In the years following the May Fourth Movement in 1919, many anti-imperialist Chinese intellectuals sought ways to modernise China. Traditional culture and values such as Confucianism were challenged. Soon, people in the Movement started to cite the traditional Chinese writing system as an obstacle in modernising China and therefore proposed that a reform be initiated, it was suggested that the Chinese writing system should be either simplified or abolished. Lu Xun, a renowned Chinese author in the 20th century, stated that, "If Chinese characters are not destroyed China will die". Recent commentators have claimed that Chinese characters were blamed for the economic problems in China during that time. In the 1930s and 1940s, discussions on character simplification took place within the Kuomintang government, a large number of Chinese intellectuals and writers maintained that character simplification would help boost literacy in China.
In 1935, 324 simplified characters collected by Qian Xuantong were introduced as the table of first batch of simplified characters, but they were suspended in 1936. The PRC issued its first round of official character simplifications in two documents, the first in 1956 and the second in 1964. Within the PRC, further character simplification became associated with the leftists of the Cultural Revolution, culminating with the second-round simplified characters, which were promulgated in 1977. In part due to the shock and unease felt in the wake of the Cultural Revolution and Mao's death, the second-round of simplifications was poorly received. In 1986 the authorities retracted the second round completely. In the same year, the authorities promulgated a final list of simplifications, identical to the 1964 list except for six changes (including the restoration of three characters, simplified in the First Round: 叠, 覆, 像.
Shek O is a beachside village located on the south-eastern part of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of Southern District; the scenery of Shek O is the setting of numerous Cantopop music videos. The Hong Kong director Stephen Chow's famous film "King of Comedy" was shot at Shek O; the name "Shek O" means the "rocky bay". The entire area is a peninsula on the southern coast of the Hong Kong Island, facing the South China Sea. Shek O is surrounded by Big Wave Bay and Cape D'Aguilar. Shek O Village has a history of some 200 years, it was established by fishermen of the Yip, Li and Lau clans. In 1841, Shek O Village, together with Hok Tsui Village and Tai Long Wan Village, had a population of around 200; the Tin Hau Temple in Shek O Village was built in 1891. Its management has been delegated by the Chinese Temples Committee to the Shek O Residents Association, it is a Grade III historic building. Shek O Beach is a sandy public beach at Shek O; the water quality is fair and is gazetted Grade 2.
It is a popular weekend and holiday destination, offering a public barbecue area and many restaurants. The rocky cliffs provide an excellent place for sports climbing. Around one mile north of Shek O beach, after passing the Shek O Country Club, is Big Wave Bay; as its name suggests, big waves roll on to the beach, propelled by the wind, making it a popular destination for surfers. Wind surfers can be found in the sea off Big Wave Shek O beaches; the Dragon's Back above Shek O is home to Hong Kong Island's only paragliding site. Paragliders can be seen riding the landing at the nearby Rocky Bay. Big Wave Bay Beach is the site of prehistoric rock carving similar to those found on Cheung Chau Island. Both beaches have basic bars and restaurants, equipment hire, such as body boards and lilos. In addition, Shek O Beach has a small golf course. Due to the isolated location of Shek O, the environment near the beach remains rustic and quiet, one of the area's main attractions; the Shek O Country Club is built around a par 65 private golf course.
Its history goes back to 1919. The construction of the Clubhouse was completed in 1925. Shek O Country Club is a private golf club sitting on the Shek O peninsula with a history dating back to 1921; the course is short, playing to a par 65, with no par 5s and only two par 4s measuring over 350 yards. Shek O Beach has been noted as suffering from the highest drowning rate among Hong Kong's beaches, although this is not reflected in official statistics as the LCSD only records incidents which occur while lifeguards are on duty. Residents estimated nine drowning deaths at the beach in 2011, seven in 2012, figures which were not disputed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department; the high rate of accidents at the beach has been attributed to its high patronage strong waves, the steep underwater slope of the beach, swimmer inexperience and poor public awareness of water safety principles. Shek O is served by Shek O Road, which connects Tai Tam Road to Chai Wan. There is red minibuses from Shau Kei Wan.
There is limited parking near the beach.. Satellite image of Shek O by Google Maps
Repulse Bay is a bay in the southern part of Hong Kong Island, located in the Southern District, Hong Kong. It is one of the most expensive residential areas in Hong Kong. Repulse Bay is located in the southern part of Hong Kong Island, to the east of Deep Water Bay and to the west of Middle Bay and South Bay. Middle Island is located off Hong Kong Island, between Deep Water Bay; the origins of the bay's English name have become obscure. There are, many stories — none resting on any solid evidence that has so far been established. A typical example is that in 1841, the bay was used as a base by pirates and caused serious concern to foreign merchant ships trading with China; the pirates were subsequently repulsed by the Royal Navy, hence the name. There is no evidence of any such origin in the extensive British naval log books of the period. Another story holds that the bay was named after HMS Repulse, stationed at the bay at one point. No HMS Repulse visited Hong Kong, let alone Repulse Bay and the 1868 Repulse served only on the west coast of the Americas and thereafter in British waters.
It is known that the name appeared on the earliest British official map of Hong Kong by Lt TB Collinson RE in 1845. However, British Admiralty charts never used the name until the 20th century, instead sticking to the quite erroneous name given by Commander Edward Belcher RN in his 1841 survey, Chonghom Bay; the source of the name remains unknown. In 1898 the Hong Kong Golf Club opened in the valley behind the Deep Water Bay and became a social hub. Roads were developed between the South and the North parts of Hong Kong Island and in the 1910s, Repulse Bay was developed into a beach; the Repulse Bay Hotel was built by the Kadoorie family in 1920. To attract swimmers, a bus route from Central to Repulse Bay was created, now stands as one of Hong Kong's oldest bus routes; the writer Ernest Hemingway and the American actor Marlon Brando stayed at the Repulse Bay Hotel. During the Battle of Hong Kong in World War II, Repulse Bay was an important strategic location; the Repulse Bay Hotel was used by the Japanese as a military hospital during the war.
The beach was extended artificially, thus the sand closer to the shore is coarser in texture than the sand further away. It is one of the longest beaches in Hong Kong with a length of 292 metres. American actors William Holden and Jennifer Jones stayed at the Repulse Bay Hotel in 1952 when they acted there in the film "Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing."Until the early 1960s, residential buildings were quite restricted. Three blocks of six storey apartments were developed by Dr. P. P. Chiu and his brother P. W. Chiu, part way up the mountain overlooking Repulse Bay; these were luxury apartments with servants' quarters, with only two apartments per floor in Blocks A and B. Apartments in Block C are smaller. For a long time, these were the only apartments allowed on the mountain; these included properties on Repulse Bay Road and South Bay Road, according to a record of projects by architect Luke Him Sau — the earliest of which dates back to 1952. Occupying the whole of the west side cliff above the beach was a large castle with a swimming pool and tennis court called Eucliffe, one of three castles owned by the millionaire Eu Tong Sween.
The Eucliffe structure and historical site was demolished to make way for a row of low apartments. The Repulse Bay area is one of the most expensive housing areas in Hong Kong. Tencent's CEO Pony Ma bought a house there for US$57 million in 2014. In 2018 twin townhouses were sold for HK$1 billion or about HK$90,000 per square foot. In 2018 Li Ka-shing, the richest man in Hong Kong, was living near Repulse Bay; the former Repulse Bay Hotel was demolished in 2 stages during the 1980s. A boutique shopping mall was constructed on part of the old hotel site to mimic some of the lost colonial architecture. Emperor International Holdings Limited bought Lido Mall at Repulse Bay and renamed it The Pulse, but due to its expansion to five storeys and 143,000 sq ft, it was in negotiations with the government over the land premium. On 15 May 2012, Emperor announced an agreement with the government with the land premium at HK$798 million. Emperor would put The Pulse up for lease after receiving the occupation permit.
The 143,000-square-foot, five-storey shopping mall would be rented out at HK$50 to HK$60 per square foot. The Pulse was opened in 2016. Repulse Bay Beach Kwun Yam Shrine The Repulse Bay Repulse Bay is served by Repulse Bay Road, which connects Wong Nai Chung Gap Road and Tai Tam Road, it is convenient for people to travel to Repulse Bay as there are many bus routes reaching the bay. Visitors can take bus no. 6, 6A, 6X, 66 or 260 from Central, 63, 65 from Causeway Bay and North Point, or 73 from Cyberport and Aberdeen. Minibus 40, 52 are available for visitors travelling from Causeway Bay and Aberdeen respectively. Transportation either passes through the Aberdeen Tunnel, or travels along the longer scenic route. Beach-goers may opt to drive there; the beach provides some parking space, the nearby Repulse Bay Hotel has parking facilities. There are no MTR stations in Repulse Bay, nor commenced there. Author Eileen Chang's novel, Love in a Fallen City is set at the Repulse Bay Hotel. List of areas of Hong Kong Tourism in Hong Kong Media related to Repulse Bay, Hong Kong at Wikimedia Commons