Southern Rhodesian independence referendum, 1964

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A referendum on independence was held in Southern Rhodesia on 5 November 1964, the question put to voters was "Are you in favour of or against Southern Rhodesia obtaining independence on the basis of the 1961 Constitution of Southern Rhodesia." All citizens of any race and creed were allowed to vote on the issue.[1] The result was a landslide for the "yes" vote, which was the choice of over 90% of voters, the following year, Ian Smith's government made a Unilateral Declaration of Independence, making the country a de facto independent state until returning to British colonial rule in 1979 following the Lancaster House Agreement.

Voter turnout was 61.9%.[2]


Choice Votes %
For 58,176 90.51
Against 6,101 9.49
Invalid/blank votes 965
Total 65,242 100
Registered voters/turnout 105,444 61.87
Source: African Elections Database


  1. ^ Smith, Ian D (2001). Bitter Harvest: The Great Betrayal (Second ed.). London, England: Blake Publishing Ltd. p. 82. ISBN 1903402050. 
  2. ^ Elections in Zimbabwe African Elections Database