Dougherty County, Georgia
Dougherty County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 94,565; the county seat and sole incorporated city is Albany. Dougherty County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Dominated by cotton plantation agriculture in the nineteenth century, it was part of what has been called the Black Belt of the South, its population continues to be majority African American. The county was created by the Georgia General Assembly on December 15, 1853, from a part of Baker County, it was named after a respected judge and lawyer from Athens, Georgia. In 1854 and 1856 small areas were added from Worth County; as noted above, the county was developed by European Americans using enslaved African Americans as workers for the production of "King Cotton" as a commodity crop. Its county seat of Albany, Georgia is located on the Flint River, the chief means of transportation for shipped products. Albany was served by seven railroad lines, adding to its significance as a market center.
The city was a center of the Civil Rights Movement during the early 1960s. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 335 square miles, of which 329 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. The majority of Dougherty County is located in the Lower Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin; the northeastern corner of the county, northeast of Albany, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the same ACF River basin. A small portion of Dougherty County, north of Albany, is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee sub-basin of the larger ACF River Basin; the remaining western portion of the county is located in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin. Lee County – north Worth County – east Mitchell County – south Baker County – southwest Calhoun County – west Terrell County – northwest As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 94,565 people, 36,508 households, 23,422 families residing in the county; the population density was 287.7 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 40,801 housing units at an average density of 124.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 67.1% black or African American, 29.6% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.0% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 6.1% were English, 6.0% were American, 5.3% were Irish. Of the 36,508 households, 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.7% were married couples living together, 25.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families, 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age was 33.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $32,435 and the median income for a family was $39,951. Males had a median income of $34,444 versus $27,848 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,210. About 22.7% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.7% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 census of 2000, there were 96,065 people, 35,552 households, 24,282 families residing in the county. The population density was 292 people per square mile. There were 39,656 housing units at an average density of 120 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 60.13% Black or African American, 37.80% White, 0.23% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The largest European ancestry groups in Dougherty County are English, Irish, "American", German and Scots-Irish. There were 35,552 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.90% were married couples living together, 23.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.70% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,934, the median income for a family was $36,655. Males had a median income of $30,742 versus $22,254 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,645. About 19.60% of families and 24.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over. Albany Putney Ocmulgee National Register of Historic Places listings in Dougherty County, Georgia W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk contains two essays that are surveys of race relations in Dougherty County from Reconstruction to the end of the 19th century. "Of the Black Belt" "Of the Quest of the Golden Fleece" Dougherty County official website Official Downtown Albany website New Georgia Encyclopedia Georgia Place Names Dougherty County Courthouse history Dougherty County historical marker
Lanier County, Georgia
Lanier County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,078; the county seat and only incorporated municipality is Lakeland. The county is named after the Georgia poet Sidney Lanier. Lanier County is part of GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Lanier shares Moody Air Force Base with Lowndes County on its western boundary. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 200 square miles, of which 185 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water; the vast majority of Lanier County is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin. Just a narrow section of the western border of the county and southeast of Ray City, is located in the Withlacoochee River sub-basin of the same Suwannee River basin, a narrow section of the eastern border of Lanier County is located in the Upper Suwannee River sub-basin of the same Suwannee River basin. Alapaha River Banks Lake CSX Transportation Atlantic and Gulf Railroad Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Lakeland Railroad Milltown Air Line Railroad Plant System Waycross and Western Railroad Berrien County - northwest Atkinson County - north Clinch County - east Echols County - south Lowndes County - southwest Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge The Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1985, hosts 20,000 visitors annually.
It provides hiking and boating opportunities on more than 4,000 acres of water, Banks Lake marsh, swamp. The Robert Simpson III Nature Trail, dedicated in August 2001, is located within the Lakeland, Georgia city limits on 75 acres of pine and hardwood forests; the county is famous for its excellent fishing in the Alapaha River, Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge as well as in its many small lakes. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,847 people, 2,893 households, 1,931 families residing in the county; the population density was 39 people per square mile. There were 3,011 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.61% White, 20.63% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,593 households out of which 37.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.50% were non-families.
21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.12. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 102.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,171, the median income for a family was $54,512. Males had a median income of $46,023 versus $39,021 for females; the per capita income for the county was $43,690. About 5.30% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 14.20% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,078 people, 3,608 households, 2,626 families residing in the county.
The population density was 54.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,249 housing units at an average density of 22.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 70.6% white, 23.7% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 1.7% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.0% were Irish, 11.5% were American, 11.0% were German, 10.1% were English. Of the 3,608 households, 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families, 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18. The median age was 33.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $37,522 and the median income for a family was $43,162. Males had a median income of $32,782 versus $21,712 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $16,894. About 18.0% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over. The county's economy has remained rural in nature, but the educational and social service sector was the largest employment category in 2006. Factors contributing to this economy include the presence of Moody Air Force Base, the several lakes and nature reserve, the hospital, a large state correctional facility; the top ten employers in Lanier County are: inc.. Farmers & Merchants Bank Louis Smith Hospital Patten Probation Detention Center Georgia Department of Corrections Patten Seed Company City of Lakeland, Georgia Wausau Homes, Inc J. H. Harvey Co, LLC Lanier County News - Legal organ and hometown newspaper s
Brooks County, Georgia
Brooks County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia, on its southern border with Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,243; the county seat is Quitman. The county was created in 1858 from portions of Lowndes and Thomas counties by an act of the Georgia General Assembly and is named in honor of U. S. Representative Preston Brooks. Brooks County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Historic Native peoples occupying the area at the time of European encounter were the Apalachee and the Lower Creek; the first Europeans in what is now Brooks County were Spanish missionaries from their colony in Florida, who arrived around 1570. The area, to become Brooks County was first opened up to European-American settlement in 1818 when Irwin County was established. Coffee Road was built through the region in the 1820s. Lowndes County's first court session was held at the tavern owned ran by Sion Hall on the Coffee Road, near what is now Morven, Georgia in Brooks County. Many residents of Lowndes County were unhappy when the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad announced June 17, 1858 that they had selected a planned route that would bypass Troupville, the county seat.
On June 22 at 3:00 am, the Lowndes County courthouse at Troupville was set aflame by William B. Crawford, who fled to South Carolina after being released on bond. On August 9, a meeting convened in the academy building in Troupville, at which residents decided to divide Lowndes and create a new county to the west of the Withlacoochee River, to be called Brooks County. On December 11, 1858, Brooks County was organized by the state legislature from parts of Lowndes and Thomas counties, it was named for a member of Congress prior to the Civil War. He was best known for his vicious physical assault in Congress of the older Senator Charles Sumner, an anti-slavery advocate from Massachusetts; the county had been developed along the waterways for cotton plantations, dependent on enslaved laborers, many of whom were transported to the South in the domestic slave trade during the antebellum years. Cotton brought a high return from international markets, making large planters wealthy. At the time of the 1860 federal census, Brooks County had a white population of 3,067, a Free people of color population of 2, a slave population of 3,282.
The Atlantic and Gulf Railroad reached Quitman, the county seat, on October 23, 1860. During the Civil War, the county was the main producer of food for the Confederacy. Plantation owners, county officials, slave patrol members were exempt from military conscription, which caused some contention between the different economic classes in Brooks County. In August 1864, a local white man named, his plan called for killing the slave owners, stealing what weapons they could find, setting fire to Quitman, going to Madison, burning the town, getting help from Union troops from the Gulf Coast, returning to Quitman. On the evening before the rebellion, a slave was interrogated. Vickery was soon arrested as well. Vickery and four slave suspects were given a military trial by the local militia. Two Confederate deserters from Florida were believed to have been involved, but were not caught by the time of the trial. On August 23, 1864 at 6:00 p.m. Vickery, slaves Sam and George were publicly hanged in Quitman.
The court could not reach a decision on the guilt of Warren, a slave held by Buford Elliot. After the war, many freedmen worked as sharecroppers or tenant farmers, in an effort to preserve some independence from planters. Following the war and the Reconstruction era, Brooks County was one of the areas with a high rate of racial violence by whites against blacks, its 20 deaths make it the county in Georgia that had the third-highest number of lynchings from 1870 to 1950.. See, for example, the Brooks County race war of 1894. In May 1918, at least 13 African Americans were killed during a white manhunt and rampage after Sidney Johnson killed an abusive white planter. Johnson had been forced to work for the man under the state's abusive convict lease system. Among those killed were Hayes Turner, the next day his wife Mary Turner, eight months pregnant, they were the parents of two children. Mary Turner had condemned the mob's killing of her husband, she was abducted by the mob in Brooks County and brutally murdered at Folsom's Bridge on the Little River on the Lowndes County side.
During the next two weeks, at least another eleven blacks were killed by the mob. Johnson was killed in a shootout with police; as many as 500 African Americans fled Brooks counties to escape future violence. Mary Turner's lynching drew widespread condemnation nationally, it was a catalyst for the Anti-Lynching Crusaders campaign for the 1922 Dyer Bill, sponsored by Leonidas Dyer of St. Louis, it proposed to make lynching a federal crime, as southern states never prosecuted the crimes. The Solid South Democratic block of white senators defeated such legislation, aided by having disenfranchised most black voters in the South. In 2010, a state historical marker, encaptioned "Mary Turner and the Lynching Rampage," was installed at Folsom's Bridge in Lowndes County to commemorate these atrocities. In the 21st century, Brooks County is classified as being in the Plantation Trace tourist region. Brooks County Courthouse- The Brooks County Courthouse was constructed in 1864 in the county seat of Quitman, Georgia.
It was design
History of Georgia (U.S. state)
The history of Georgia in the United States of America spans pre-Columbian time to the present-day U. S. state of Georgia. The area was inhabited by Native American tribes for thousands of years. A modest Spanish presence was established in the late 16th century centered on Catholic mission work; the Spanish were gone by the early 18th century, though they remained in nearby Florida, their presence left little impact on what would become Georgia. English settlers arrived in the 1730s, led by James Oglethorpe; the name "Georgia", after George II of Great Britain, dates from the creation of this colony. Slavery was forbidden in the colony, but the ban was overturned in 1749. Slaves numbered 18,000 at the time of the American Revolution; the citizens of Georgia agreed with the other 12 colonies concerning trade rights and issues of taxation. On April 8, 1776, royal officials had been expelled and Georgia's Provincial Congress issued a constitutional document that served as an interim constitution until adoption of the state Constitution of 1777.
The British occupied much of Georgia from 1780 until shortly before the official end of the American Revolution in 1783. The post-revolutionary years were a time of growth after Indian Removal, economic prosperity for planters; the new cotton gin, enabled the cultivation and processing of short-staple cotton in the inland and upcountry. This stimulated the cotton boom in Georgia and much of the Deep South, promoting a cotton-based economy dependent on slave labor. Most of the whites, owned no slaves and tended their own small farms. Full suffrage for white men led to a competitive political system. On January 19, 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union and on February 8 joined other Southern states to form the Confederate States of America. Georgia contributed nearly one hundred thousand soldiers to the war effort; the first major battle in the state was the Battle of Chickamauga, a Confederate victory, the last major Confederate victory in the west. In 1864, William Tecumseh Sherman's armies invaded Georgia as part of the Atlanta Campaign.
The burning of Atlanta was followed by Sherman's March to the Sea, which devastated a wide swath from Atlanta to Savannah in late 1864. These events became iconic images in the state's memory and dealt a devastating economic blow to the entire Confederacy. After the war, Georgians endured a period of economic hardship. Reconstruction was a period of military occupation and biracial Radical Republican rule that established public education and welfare institutions, instituted economic initiatives. Reconstruction ended in 1875 with the return of white Democratic rule. Black citizens lost most of their political power and became second class citizens in the Jim Crow era from the 1880s to 1964; the state was rural with an economy still based on cotton. Residents of the state suffered in the Great Depression of the 1930s; the many training munitions plants in World War II stimulated the economy. During the broad-based activism of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s, Georgia was the base for African-American leader Martin Luther King Jr..
After 1950 the economy grew, with cotton becoming far less important. Atlanta became a major regional city and transportation hub, expanding into neighboring communities by the fast-growing suburbs. Georgia was part of the Solid South until 1964. Democratic candidates continued to receive majority-white support in state and local elections until the 1990s, when the realignment of whites shifted to Republicans. Since 2000 the white majority has supported the Republican Party, which dominates politics in the 21st century. Before European contact, Native American cultures are divided into four lengthy archaeological time periods: Paleo, Archaic and Mississippian. Human occupation of Georgia dates back at least 13,250 years, coincides with one of the most dramatic periods of climate change in recent earth history, toward the end of the Ice Age, in the Late Pleistocene epoch. Sea levels were more than 200 feet lower than present levels, the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico shorelines were 100 or more miles seaward of their present locations.
A 2003 research project undertaken by University of Georgia researchers Ervan G, Sherri L. Littman, Megan Mitchell, looked at and reported on fossils and artifacts associated with Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary, located more than 19 miles beyond today's shoreline, 60 to 70 feet below the Atlantic Ocean; as as 8,000 years ago, Gray's Reef was dry ground, attached to the mainland. The researchers uncovered artifacts from a period of occupation by Clovis culture and Paleoindian hunters dating back more than 10,000 years; the South Appalachian Mississippian culture, the last of many mound building Native American cultures, lasted from 800 to 1500 AD. This culture developed urban societies distinguished by their construction of truncated earthworks pyramids, or platform mounds; the largest sites surviving in present-day Georgia are Kolomoki in Early County, Etowah in Bartow County, Nacoochee Mound in White County, Ocmulgee National Monument in Macon. At the time of European colonization of the Americas, the historic Iroquoian-speaking Cherokee and Muskogean-speaking Yamasee & Hitchi
Irwin County, Georgia
Irwin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,538; the county seat is Ocilla. The county was created on December 15, 1818, it was named for Governor Jared Irwin. In the last years of the American Civil War, Irwin County gained the nickname of the Republic of Irwin due to the Unionism of many of its residents; the location where Jefferson Davis was captured is located in Irwin County near Irwinville. The territories of Appling and Early counties were land newly ceded in 1814 and 1818; these counties were created by a legislative act on December 15, 1818. All or portions of Irwin's five adjacent counties were created from Irwin county along with all of Cook, Lanier, Lowndes and portions of Atkinson, Echols and Worth counties. Irwin was divided into 16 districts of 20 miles and 10 chains square with lots of 70 chains square containing 490 acres according to the Act of 1818. In 1820 each lot was priced at $18. At the time of the 1820 census, when it included much of central south Georgia, Irwin County had a white population of 372 whites and 39 slaves.
In 1825, Lowndes County was formed out of the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 15th, 16th land districts in what was the southern half of the county. In 1830, the county had 1,066 whites, 109 slaves, 5 free people of color. In 1840, Irwin County had 1,772 whites and 266 slaves. In 1850. Irwin County had 2,874 whites, 459 slaves, 1 free person of color. In 1853, Worth County was formed out of part of Irwin County. In 1854, Coffee County was formed from Irwin. In 1860, Irwin County had 246 slaves, it was one of a few counties in Georgia outside of mountainous northern Georgia with slaves accounting for a small percentage of its population. During the American Civil War, like the United States in general, Irwin County was ideologically divided; the county was one of the poorest at the time in Georgia. It was home to a number of Southern Unionists who opposed the Confederacy; the county provided several regiments to the Confederate Army including: Company F "Irwin Volunteers", 49th Regiment Georgia Infantry.
In May 1863, several companies of Duncan Lamont Clinch Jr's Fourth Georgia Cavalry were charged with searching Irwin County for deserters. They spent a month searching the county, but were only able to find twenty-two deserters on May 22, the day they arrived; the deserters were sent to Savannah for prosecution. A prominent Unionist in the county was Willis Jackson Bone, he lived west of Irwinville, near the Alapaha River. He was a miller and operated a steam powered mill on what was Bones Pond and presently Crystal Lake; because he was a gristmill operator, Bone was exempt from conscription. During the Civil War, he helped a number of escaped slaves, Confederate deserters, escaped Union prisoners hide in the swamps along the river. In February 1865, Bone and a large assembly of others gathered in Irwinville; those assembled declared Irwin County part of the Union again. A lieutenant of the local militia was knocked down with a musket by Bone. Three cheers for Abraham Lincoln followed; the assembly took after the lieutenant and the enrolling officer Gideon Brown.
They and other Confederate sympathizers were chased out of town and threatened with death if they should return. Willis Jackson Bone was hanged near his pond in late April 1865 after he killed a local justice of the peace named Jack Walker while Bone was bringing food to an escaped slave named Toney. Walker had tried to take Toney into custody. A few months Irwinville became the site of the capture of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Davis was on his way from the capital of the Confederacy at Richmond, Virginia to board a ship with his family and flee to safety in England, Davis stopped at a hotel in Irwinville owned by Doctor G. E. White on the evening of May 9, 1865. There he conversed and socialized with the locals and no one had suspected that they were in the presence of a man of such esteem. Davis and his family moved to an encampment beside a nearby creek bed only a couple of miles from the hotel after they were done talking with the citizens of Irwinville and sometime in the early morning of May 10, the encampment was alarmed by the sound of gunfire.
Davis tried to escape towards the creek wearing an overcoat and his wife had tied her scarf around his shoulders, but members of the First Wisconsin and Fourth Michigan Cavalry Regiments captured him. He was taken to Fortress Monroe and held for two years; the location is now the Jefferson Davis Memorial Historic Site. Ocilla is home to the annual Georgia Sweet Potato Festival, held on the last Saturday in October; the first festival was held on November 21, 1961. The major address was by Agriculture Commissioner Phil Campbell. Ginger Gail Land was selected the first Sweet Potato Princess. One of the most popular parts of the festival was the cooking competition and display of dishes from favorite sweet potato recipes; the winning recipes were published and distributed. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 363 square miles, of which 354 square miles is land and 8.4 square miles is water. The majority and entire central and western portion of Irwin County, bordered by a line running southeast from Fitzgerald, is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin.
The eastern corner of the county is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla River basin Ben Hill County Coffee County Berrien County (
Dooly County, Georgia
Dooly County is a county located in the central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,918; the county seat is Vienna. The county was created by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on May 15, 1821 and named for Colonel John Dooly, a Georgia American revolutionary war fighter, it was one of the original landlot counties created from land ceded from the Creek Nation. The entire county of Crisp and parts of Macon, Turner and Worth counties were formed from Dooly's original borders. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397 square miles, of which 392 square miles is land and 5.3 square miles is water. The western two-thirds of Dooly County, from west of Unadilla south to Pinehurst to the southeastern corner of the county, is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin; the northeastern and eastern portion of Dooly County is located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The southeastern corner of the county is located in the Alapaha River sub-basin of the Suwannee River basin.
Houston County - northeast Pulaski County - east Wilcox County - southeast Crisp County - south Sumter County - west Macon County - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 11,525 people, 3,909 households, 2,767 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile. There were 4,499 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 45.97% White, 49.54% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 2.88% from other races, 0.91% from two or more races. 4.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,909 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.10% were married couples living together, 20.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.20% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 109.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,980, the median income for a family was $35,337. Males had a median income of $26,670 versus $19,076 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,628. About 18.00% of families and 22.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.50% of those under age 18 and 21.20% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,918 people, 5,286 households, 3,576 families residing in the county; the population density was 38.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,328 housing units at an average density of 16.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 49.9% black or African American, 45.6% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.8% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.9% were American, 8.7% were English. Of the 5,286 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.3% were non-families, 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 40.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $31,038 and the median income for a family was $39,622. Males had a median income of $36,344 versus $27,557 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,871. About 21.0% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.9% of those under age 18 and 22.3% of those age 65 or over. The Big Pig Jig, Georgia's official State Barbecue Cooking Championship, is held annually in Fall in Dooly County and attracts a national audience.
The county is notable for cotton and peanut production. Dooly County Elementary School Dooly County Middle school Dooly County High School http://www.dooly.k12.ga.us/ Fullington Academy http://www.fullingtonacademy.com/ Byromville Dooling Lilly Pinehurst Unadilla Vienna John Dooly after whom the county was named Rooney L. Bowen, Georgia businessman and politician George Busbee, governor of Georgia Walter F. George, U. S. Senator Jody Powell, press secretary and aide to Jimmy Carter Roger Kingdom, Olympic gold medalist in track and field David Ragan, NASCAR driver Keith Mumphery, NFL player Julian Webb, judge on the Georgia Court of Appeals and member of the Georgia State Senate. Maurice Cobb President of Teamsters Local 528 National Register of Historic Places listings in Dooly County, Georgia Georgia.gov Dooly County history GeorgiaInfo Dooly County Courthouse info Dooly County historical marker
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti