Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City known by its former name of Saigon, or Prey Nokor in Khmer name, is the most populous city in Vietnam with a population of 8.4 million as of 2017. Located in southeast Vietnam, the metropolis surrounds the Saigon River and covers about 2,061 square kilometres. Under the name Saigon, it was the capital of French Indochina from 1887 to 1902 and again from 1945 to 1954. Saigon would become the capital of South Vietnam from 1955 until its fall in 1975. On 2 July 1976, Saigon merged with the surrounding Gia Định Province and was renamed Ho Chi Minh City after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh. Ho Chi Minh City is the financial centre of Vietnam and is classified as a Beta+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it is home to the Ho Chi Minh City Stock Exchange, the largest stock exchange by total market capitalization in Vietnam and the headquarters of many national and international banks and companies. Ho Chi Minh City is the most visited city in Vietnam, with 6.3 million visitors in 2017.
Many of the city's landmarks which are well known to international visitors include the Bến Thành Market, Ho Chi Minh City Hall, Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon, Independence Palace and the Municipal Theatre. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Tan Son Nhat International Airport, it is the busiest airport in Vietnam handling 36 million passengers in 2017. Ho Chi Minh City has gone by several different names during its history, reflecting settlement by different ethnic and political groups. In 1623, Khmer king Chey Chettha II allowed Vietnamese refugees fleeing the Trịnh–Nguyễn War further to the north to settle in the area, which they colloquially referred to as Sài Gòn, to set up a custom house at the city known as Prey Nôkôr. In the 1690s, Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh, a Vietnamese noble, was sent by the Nguyễn rulers of Huế to establish Vietnamese administrative structures in the Mekong Delta and its surroundings. Control of the city and the area passed to the Vietnamese, who gave the city the official name of Gia Định.
This name remained until the time of French conquest in the 1860s, when the occupying force adopted the name Saïgon for the city, a westernized form of the traditional name, although the city was still indicated as 嘉 定 on Vietnamese maps written in Chữ Hán until at least 1891. After the communist takeover of South Vietnam in 1975, a provisional government renamed the city after Hồ Chí Minh, the late North Vietnamese leader. Today, the informal name of Sài Gòn/Saigon remains in daily speech both domestically and internationally among the Vietnamese diaspora. However, there is a technical difference between the two terms: Sài Gòn is used to refer to the city center in District 1 and the adjacent areas, while Ho Chi Minh City is referred more to the entire modern city with all its urban and rural districts. An etymology of Saigon is that Sài is a Sino-Vietnamese word meaning "firewood, twigs; this name may refer to the many kapok plants that the Khmer people had planted around Prey Nokor, which can still be seen at Cây Mai temple and surrounding areas.
It may refer to the dense and tall forest that once existed around the city, a forest to which the Khmer name, Prey Nokor referred. Other proposed etymologies draw parallels from Tai-Ngon, the Cantonese name of Cholon, which means "embankment", Vietnamese Sai Côn, a translation of the Khmer Prey Nokor. Prey means forest or jungle, nokor is a Khmer word of Sanskrit origin meaning city or kingdom, related to the English word'Nation' – thus, "forest city" or "forest kingdom". Truong Mealy, says that, according to a Khmer Chronicle, The Collection of the Council of the Kingdom, Prey Nokor's proper name was Preah Reach Nokor, "Royal City"; the current official name, Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, abbreviated Tp. HCM, is translated as Ho Chi Minh City, abbreviated HCMC, in French as Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville, abbreviated HCMV; the name commemorates the first leader of North Vietnam. This name, though not his given name, was one he favored throughout his years, it combines a common Vietnamese surname with a given name meaning "enlightened will", in essence, meaning "light bringer".
The earliest settlement in the area was a Funan temple at the location of the current Phung Son Pagoda, founded in the 4th century AD. A settlement called; when the Cham Empire was invaded by the Khmer people, Baigaur was renamed Prey Nokor. This meant "Forest City". An alternative name was Preah Reach Nokor which, according to a Khmer Chronicle meant "Royal City", it was succeeded a small fishing village known as the area that the city now occupies was forested, was inhabited by Khmer people for centuries before the arrival of the Vietnames
Cần Thơ is the fourth largest city in Vietnam, the largest city in the Mekong Delta. It is noted for its floating market, rice paper-making village, picturesque rural canals, it had a population of 1.2 million as of 2011, it has population of 1,520,000 until June 2018, is located on the south bank of the Hau River, a distributary of the Mekong River. In 2007, about 50 people died when the Cần Thơ Bridge collapsed, causing Vietnam's worst engineering disaster. In 2011, Can Tho International Airport opened; the city is nicknamed the "western capital", is located 169 kilometres from Ho Chi Minh City. The city is an independent municipality at the same level as provinces of Vietnam, it was created in the beginning of 2004 by a split of the former Cần Thơ Province into two new administrative units: Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province. Cần Thơ is subdivided into nine district-level sub-divisions: 5 urban districts: 4 rural districts: They are further subdivided into five commune-level towns, 36 communes, 44 wards.
Ninh Kiều, which has the well-known port Ninh Kiều port, is the center district and the most populated and wealthiest of these districts. The city borders the provinces of Hậu Giang, Kiên Giang, Vĩnh Long and Đồng Tháp. Cần Thơ is connected to the rest of the country by National Route 1A and Can Tho International Airport; the city's bridge, now completed, is the longest cable-stayed bridge in south-east Asia. The six-lane Saigon–Cần Thơ Expressway is being built in parts from Hồ Chí Minh City to Mỹ Tho; the hydrofoil express boat links this city with Ho Chi Minh City.. There are many vehicles here such as: taxi, grab bikes, van, coaches and so on; the Mekong Delta is considered to be the "rice basket of Vietnam", contributing more than half of the nation's rice production. People say of Cần Thơ: Cần Thơ is famous for its floating markets, where people sell and buy things on the river, as well as the bird gardens and the port of Ninh Kiều; the city offers a wide range of tropical fruits such as pomelo, jackfruit, guava, rambutan, dragon fruit and durian.
The Cần Thơ City Museum has exhibits on the city's history. Tourist attractions Cần Thơ Bridge Thiền viện Trúc Lâm Phương Nam - Buddhist Temple Nam Nhã Pagoda Bình Thủy Temple BInh Thuy Ancient House Ninh Kiều Quay Cần Thơ pedestrian bridge Cái Răng Floating Market, Phong Điền Floating Market Bằng Lăng Stork Sanctuary Canal Tour Cantho Cathedral Ông Chinese Pagoda Pitu Khôsa Răngsey Khmer Pagoda Quang Duc Pagoda Long Quang Pagoda Phat Hoc Pagoda My Khanh tourist village Can Tho seminary Academic institutions in the city are Cần Thơ University, Cần Thơ Department of Education and Training, Cần Thơ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tây Đô University, Nam Cần Thơ University, Cần Thơ College, College of Foreign Economic Relations – Cần Thơ Branch, Medical College, Can Tho Technical Economic College and Vocational College, with its well-known College of Agriculture and Mekong Delta Rice Research Institute, Cần Thơ University of Technology Cần Thơ's climate is tropical and monsoonal with two seasons: rainy, from May to November.
Average annual humidity is 83%, rainfall 1,635 mm and temperature 27 °C. After 120 years of development, the city now is the delta's most important center of economics, culture and technology, it has two industrial parks. Nice, France Shantou, China Phnom Penh, Cambodia Amol, Iran Riverside, California Jeollanamdo, Korea
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu is a province of Vietnam. It is located on the coast of the country's Southeast region, it includes the Côn Đảo islands, located some distance off Vietnam's southeastern coast. From 1954 to 1975, this province belonged to South Vietnam with the name Phước Tuy. With the exception of the Côn Đảo islands, all of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province was once a part of Đồng Nai Province to the north. In 1979, Vũng Tàu was broken away from Đồng Nai and merged with the Côn Đảo islands, forming the new Vũng Tàu-Côn Đảo "special zone". In 1992, Bà Rịa broke away from Đồng Nai Province, merging with Vũng Tàu-Côn Đảo to form the modern province of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu. Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu is subdivided into eight district-level sub-divisions: 6 districts: 1 district-level townPhú Mỹ2 provincial cities: They are further subdivided into six commune-level towns, 47 communes, 29 wards. According to 2015 statistics from the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, the province has a population of 1,072,600. Urbanization in the province is above the country's average.
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu provincial economic activities include: petroleum, electricity at the Phú Mỹ Power Plants and Bà Rịa Power Plant, petrochemicals: Phú Mỹ Urea Plant, steel production, cement production. Tourism and fishing are important economic activities of the province. Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu contributes to the country's budget. In 2005, it accounted for around 24 percent of Vietnam's budget of a total of 180,000 billion dong, ranking second, after Ho Chi Minh City before Hanoi; the provincial GDP per capita ranks second to none in the country, over $4,000, if excluding petroleum GDP, it is over $2,000. In term of living standards, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu ranks third, behind Hanoi. Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu is one of the leading direct foreign investment attractions of Vietnam, in the top five of FDI acquisition provinces of Vietnam. In tourism, there are some big projects licensed or to be licensed soon: Saigon Atlantis resort, Vũng Tàu Aquarium and Bàu Trũng entertainment park, Xuyên Mộc safari. Vũng Tàu is an important tourist destination, being well known for its beaches, for its colonial-era architecture, the Christ of Vũng Tàu, a large statue built by Vietnam's Catholic minority.
It was completed in 1974, with the height of 32 metres and two outstretched arms spanning 18.4 metres. It is among the tallest statues of Christ in Asia. Among the most famous tourist destinations are the existing popular and crowded beaches of Vũng Tàu and Long Hải and the new up and coming destinations of Hồ Tràm and Hồ Cốc located further along the South China Sea coast; the main media agency in the province is the Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Daily Newspaper. Official website Official English website Media related to Ba Ria-Vung Tau at Wikimedia Commons
South Vietnam the Republic of Vietnam, was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975, the period when the southern portion of Vietnam was a member of the Western Bloc during part of the Cold War. It received international recognition in 1949 as the "State of Vietnam", a constitutional monarchy; this became the "Republic of Vietnam" in 1955. Its capital was Saigon. South Vietnam was bordered by North Vietnam to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, Thailand across the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest, the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia across the South China Sea to the east and southeast; the Republic of Vietnam was proclaimed on 26 October 1955, with Ngô Đình Diệm as its first president, after having served as premier under Emperor Bao Dai, exiled. Its sovereignty was recognized by the United States and 87 other nations, it had membership in several special committees of the United Nations, but its application for full membership was rejected in 1957 because of a Soviet veto.
South Vietnam's origins can be traced to the French colony of Cochinchina, which consisted of the southern third of Vietnam, Cochinchina, a subdivision of French Indochina, the southern half of Central Vietnam or Annam, a French protectorate. After the Second World War, the anti-Japanese Viet Minh guerrilla forces, led by Ho Chi Minh, proclaimed the establishment of a Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi in September 1945, issuing a Declaration of Independence modeled on the U. S. one from 1776. In 1949, anti-communist Vietnamese politicians formed a rival government in Saigon led by former emperor Bảo Đại. Bảo Đại was deposed by Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm in 1955, who proclaimed himself president after a referendum. Diệm was killed in a military coup led by general Dương Văn Minh in 1963, a series of short-lived military governments followed. General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu led the country after a U. S.-encouraged civilian presidential election from 1967 until 1975. The beginnings of the Vietnam War occurred in 1959 with an uprising by the newly organized National Liberation Front for South Vietnam and supported by the northern Democratic Republic of Vietnam, with other assistance rendered by the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact communist satellites, along with neighboring People's Republic of China and North Korea.
Larger escalation of the insurgency occurred in 1965 with the landing of United States regular forces of Marines, followed by Army units to supplement the cadre of military advisors guiding ARVN southern forces. A regular bombing campaign over North Vietnam was conducted by offshore U. S. Navy airplanes and aircraft carriers joined by Air Force squadrons through 1966 and 1967. Fighting peaked up to that point during the Tet Offensive of February 1968, when there were over a million South Vietnamese soldiers and 500,000 U. S. soldiers in South Vietnam. On the war turned into a more conventional fight as the balance of power became equalized. An larger, armored invasion commenced during the Easter Offensive following US ground-forces withdrawal, had nearly overran some major northern cities until beaten back. Despite a truce agreement under the Paris Peace Accords, concluded in January 1973, after a torturous five years of on and off negotiations, fighting continued immediately afterwards; the North Vietnamese regular army and Viet Cong launched a major second combined-arms invasion in 1975, termed the Spring Offensive.
Communist forces overran Saigon on 30 April 1975. On the day President Duong Van Minh declared RVN cease to exist, five ARVN generals, one Saigon police chief, numbers of ARVN soldiers and officers commit suicide to avoid being humiliated surrender. On July 2, 1976, the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam merged to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam; the official name of the South Vietnamese state was Việt Nam Cộng hòa and the French name was referred to as République du Viêt Nam. The North was known as the "Democratic Republic of Vietnam". Việt Nam was the name adopted by Emperor Gia Long in 1804, it is a name used in ancient times. In 1839, Emperor Minh Mạng renamed the country Đại Nam. In 1945, the nation's official name was changed back to "Vietnam"; the name is sometimes rendered as "Viet Nam" in English. The term "South Vietnam" became common usage in 1954, when the Geneva Conference provisionally partitioned Vietnam into communist and non-communist parts.
Other names of this state were used during its existence such as Free Vietnam and the Government of Viet Nam. Before World War II, the southern third of Vietnam was the concession of Cochinchina, administered as part of French Indochina. A French governor-general in Hanoi administered all the five parts of Indochina while Cochinchina was under a French governor, but the difference from the other parts was that most indigenous intellensia and wealthy were naturalized French The northern third of Vietnam (then the colony of Tonkin was under
Kiên Giang Province
Kiên Giang is a province of Vietnam, located in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam. It is known for rice farming; the provincial capital is 250 km from the Ho Chi Minh City. Kiên Giang's dimension is about 6,299 km² and its population is about 1,634,043, of which 22 percent live in the urban area. Kiên Giang is bordered with An Giang Province in the northeast, Cần Thơ and Hậu Giang in the east, Bạc Liêu in the southeast and Cà Mau in the south, Kampot Province of Cambodia in the west, Gulf of Thailand in the southwest. According to survey results in April 1, 2009, Kiên Giang province's population is 1,683,149 people. In 1774, Lord Nguyen Phuc Dang Khoat divided into 12 in the palace, but still leave the town of Hà Tiên, Mac Thien Tich style as Admiral rule. By the reign of Minh Mạng, in 1832, Hà Tiên had become one of the six provinces of the South. In 1876, Southern France divided into four big administrative regions, each region divided into smaller administrative sub-district or county take action, Hà Tiên, the former being divided into two particle parameters are Hà Tiên and Rạch Giá.
From January 1, 1900 two-particle parameters of Hà Tiên and Rạch Giá became provinces of Hà Tiên and Rạch Giá. Since the Republic of Vietnam, Hà Tiên and Rạch Giá merged to Kiên Giang. Kiên Giang were including seven counties at that time: Kiên Lương, Kien An, Kien Binh, Tan Kien Kien Thanh and Phú Quốc. Kiên Giang Province borders Cambodia to the north, Châu Đốc to the northeast, An Giang Province to the east and Phong Dinh Province, Chuong Thien to the southeast, An Xuyen to the south. Coordinates: 9°23'50" N to 10°32'30" N, 104°40' E to 105°32'40" E. Area: 6,299 km², 4,119.74 km² of agricultural land, private land for rice accounted for 3,170.19 km². Forest land is 1,200.27 km². The province funds unused land near the 500.00 km². Average annual rainfall: 1980mm. Rainy Season: from 4 to 6 hours/day. Average relative humidity: 80 to 83%. Kiên Giang is subdivided into 15 district-level sub-divisions: 11 districts: 2 provincial city: Rạch Giá Hà TiênThey are further subdivided into 12 commune-level towns, 118 communes, 15 wards.
Media related to Kien Giang at Wikimedia Commons Official website Official website
Sóc Trăng Province
Sóc Trăng is a province in the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam, with its capital in Sóc Trăng. The province occupies an area of 3,223 km², has a population of 1,213,400; the province's original Khmer name was Srok Kh'leang, meaning "silver depository" because it was where the Khmer king's silver treasury was located. Under the Nguyễn Dynasty emperor Minh Mạng, it was given the Sino-Vietnamese name Nguyệt Giang, a calque of "Sông Trăng". Sóc Trăng province lies between 9°14'N and 9°56'N latitude and between 105°34'E and 106°18'E longitude, it is bordered to the north west by Hậu Giang Province. To the south west it is bordered by Bạc Liêu Province, and to the north east it is bordered by Trà Vinh Province. To the north is Vĩnh Long Province. To the south east is 72 kilometres of coastline of the South China Sea; the province has two large rivers: the Mỹ Thanh River. The provincial capital of Sóc Trăng Province is the town, called Sóc Trăng, it is 231 kilometres from Hồ Chí Minh City. Sóc Trăng is subdivided into 11 district-level sub-divisions: 9 districts: 1 district-level town: Vĩnh Châu Ngã Năm 1 provincial city: Sóc Trăng They are further subdivided into 12 commune-level towns, 80 communes, 17 wards.