The Soviet Occupation Zone was the area of Germany occupied by the Soviet Union at the end of World War II in 1945. On 7 October 1949 the German Democratic Republic referred to in English as East Germany, was established in the Soviet Occupation Zone; the SBZ was one of the four Allied occupation zones of Germany created at the end of World War II. According to the Potsdam Agreement, the Soviet Military Administration in Germany was assigned responsibility for the eastern portion of Germany. By the time forces of the United States and Britain began to meet Soviet forces, forming a Line of contact, significant areas of what would become the Soviet zone of Germany were outside Soviet control. After several months of occupation these gains by the British and Americans were ceded to the Soviets, by July 1945, according to the agreed upon occupation zone boundaries; the SMAD allowed four political parties to develop, though they were all required to work together under an alliance known as the "Democratic Bloc".
In April 1946, the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Communist Party of Germany were forcibly merged to form the Socialist Unity Party which became the governing party of the GDR. The SMAD set up ten "special camps" for the detention of Germans, making use of some former Nazi concentration camps. In 1945, the Soviet occupation zone consisted of the central portions of Prussia. After Prussia was dissolved by the Allied powers in 1947, the area was divided between the German states of Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. On 7 October 1949, the Soviet zone became the German Democratic Republic. In 1952, the Länder were dissolved and realigned into 14 districts, plus the district of East Berlin. In 1952, with the Cold War political confrontation well underway, Joseph Stalin sounded out the Western Powers about the prospect of a united Germany which would be non-aligned; the West's disinterest in this proposal helped to cement the Soviet Zone's identity as the GDR for the next four decades.
"Soviet zone" and derivatives remained official and common names for East Germany in West Germany, which refused to acknowledge the existence of a state in East Germany until 1972, when the government of Willy Brandt extended a qualified recognition under its Ostpolitik initiative. Allied-occupied Austria History of East Germany Bizone Trizone Group of Soviet Forces in Germany Stunde Null Brennan, Sean,'Land Reform Propaganda in Soviet Occupied Germany', University of Kent Lewkowicz, NicolasThe German Question and the International Order, 1943-48 Lewkowicz, The German Question and the Origins of the Cold War
Island View Residential Treatment Center was a residential treatment center in Syracuse, Utah in the United States. It was operated by Aspen Education Group in 2004, a subsidiary of CRC Health Group, it re-opened under new management in 2014 as Elevations Residential Treatment Center. Elevations RTC now shares the campus with ViewPoint Assessment Center; the Syracuse campus opened in 1994 as the Island View Residential Treatment Center. Its founders were Lorin Broadbent, DSW, Jared Balmer, PhD, W. Kimball DeLaMare, L. C. S. W. D Jared Balmer co-founded Rivendell Psychiatric Hospital, Island View RTC, The Oakley School, the Aspen Institute for Behavioral Assessment. Along with individual and family therapy, the facility utilized "Positive Peer Culture" psychotherapy sessions. In 2004, the residential treatment center was acquired by Aspen Education Group. CRC Health Group, a company owned by Bain Capital, purchased Aspen Education for $300 million in 2006. Aspen and CRC Health Group owned and operated the Syracuse campus until 2014.
A 16-year-old boy from Pennsylvania hanged himself in a bathroom at Island View in 2004, after he excused himself from a viewing of a film. The staff were unsuccessful in reviving him. Island View was cited for providing inadequate medical care to the child, placed on probation, required to submit a plan of corrective action. Other former residents of the center claimed in 2012 that they had received inadequate medical care during their time there, that they had been subjected to solitary confinement and other harsh physical and psychological treatment. Before its closure, Island View treatment center provided subacute care to troubled adolescents experiencing mood and behavioral dysregulation, substance abuse, difficulties at home or school; the 90-bed lockdown facility provided care to students ranging in age from 13 – 18 years. The average length of stay at the treatment center was 8–10 months. Teenagers at the residential program were monitored 24 hours per day, seven days per week, by team directors and houseparent staff and each other.
The program offered a range of critical support services to troubled teens, including a therapeutic, positive peer environment and individual and family therapy. Residents received intensive therapies, behavior modification, psychopharmacology, nursing assessment and intervention, diagnostic evaluation, educational planning. Residents received seven therapy sessions a week, in the form of five group, one individual, one family therapy session. Residents were given "jobs" to perform within their team with unique names; the program used a "levels" structure - as a resident's behavior improves, he or she was advanced to the next level with rewards such as extra phone privileges and off-site field trips to movie theaters and restaurants attached to each higher level and more available job roles. Residents were kept physically active through various daily on-site activities that included weightlifting, rock climbing on the rock wall located in the gymnasium, basketball, soccer, etc; the school employed physical trainers to assist with the physical health of residents.
Additionally, there were many opportunities for residents to participate in off-site activities if their privileges allowed that lasted anywhere from one day to one week. Activities included trips to local ski resorts to go skiing and snowboarding, extended backpacking trips in various national parks in Utah, rock climbing trips, etc. At Island View, the majority of residents were organized into teams by gender; this structure consisted of separate girls' teams - Copper and Gold Teams - and separate boys' teams - Purple and Orange Teams - of 15-19 adolescents each with assigned milieu or residential staff and others. Island View was at the center of two parental custody lawsuits in 2014, both of which played out on national daytime television, were subsequently dismissed. In May 2014, a new company, Family Help & Wellness, took over the facility, closed the Island View program and instead opened Elevations RTC with the new executive director, Dr. Hans. Before Elevations came under new management, the current executive director Ms. Jacques had worked at Island View for 20 years.
Elevations is as a licensed residential treatment facility. It is an owner-operated program created in partnership with Family Wellness; when the treatment center opened, Dr. David Hans was the executive director. Former Island View RTC member of staff Judith Jacques, hired as the School Principal at Island View, as the Associate Executive Director, was the Executive Director as of 2015. Official website - Elevations RTC
Redwood County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census the population was 16,059, its county seat is Redwood Falls, along the Redwood River near its confluence with the Minnesota River. The Lower Sioux Indian Reservation is within the county, along the southern bank of the Minnesota River in Paxton and Sherman townships. In the 2000 census it had a population of 335; the Minnesota Legislature created the county on February 8, 1862, with Redwood Falls as the county seat. It was named for the Redwood River; the Minnesota River flows southeast along the county's northeastern border. The Redwood River flows east through the upper part of the county, draining into the Minnesota near Redwood Falls; the Cottonwood River flows east through the lower part of the county, entering adjacent Brown County before discharging into the Minnesota. The county terrain carved with drainages and sprinkled with lakes; the rural area is devoted to commodity crops of corn and soybeans.
The terrain slopes to the east, with its highest point in the southwest corner at 1,450' ASL. The county has a total area of 882 square miles, of which 879 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water. Redwood Falls Municipal Airport As of the 2000 United States Census, the county had 16,815 people, 6,674 households, 4,524 families; the population density was 19.1/sqmi. There were 7,230 housing units at an average density of 8.23/sqmi. The county's racial makeup was 94.97% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 3.24% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races. 1.14 % of the population were Latino of any race. 55.8% were of German and 13.7% Norwegian ancestry. There were 6,674 households, of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.20% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.02. 26.50% of the county's population was under age 18, 6.60% was from age 18 to 24, 24.80% was from age 25 to 44, 22.70% was from age 45 to 64, 19.30% was age 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males. The county's median household income was $37,352, the median family income was $46,250. Males had a median income of $30,251 versus $21,481 for females; the county's per capita income was $18,903. About 5.50% of families and 7.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.30% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over. Gilfillan Lower Sioux Indian Community Morton Rowena Redwood County is a reliably Republican precinct. In only one national election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Redwood County, Minnesota Franklyn Curtiss-Wedge, The History of Redwood County, Minnesota.
In Two Volumes. Chicago: H. C. Cooper Jr. and Co. 1916. Volume 1 | Volume 2 Redwood County government's website
Duvvada railway station located in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, serves Duvvada, the southern outskirts of Visakhapatnam. It lies on the Howrah-Chennai main line. Between 1893 and 1896, 1,288 km of the East Coast State Railway was opened for traffic. In 1898–99, Bengal Nagpur Railway was linked to the lines in southern India. Visakhapatnam Steel Plant was established in the 1980s and the first coke oven battery was commissioned in 1989. With the expansion of Visakhapatnam city with the setting up of Visakhapatnam Steel Plant, large groups of people started living away from the main city. People inhabiting neighbourhoods such as Aganampudi, Paravada, NTPC township, Pharma City and Ukkunagaram needed a large railway station nearer to their homes. Duvvada railway station serves the population in the southern outskirts of Visakhapatnam; the nearest airport is Visakhapatnam Airport/VTZ, 8 km from Duvvada railway station. Duvvada railway station serves about 108,000 passengers on a daily basis.
Many trains always rush like Jhanmabhoomi express, Ratnachal express which are inter city service to other big cities like Secunderabad and Vijayawada. Duvvada Visakhapatnam railway station Waltair railway division Godavari Express Visakhapatnam Steel Plant Trains at Duvvada
Severn Ham, Tewkesbury is a 70.82-hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Gloucestershire near Tewkesbury, notified in 1974. It is on the east side of the Severn to Old River Severn, Upper Lode SSSI; the site is important for protection being one of the few remaining ham meadows which are traditionally managed. It is a flooded area in the winter months, it is neutral grassland and only semi-improved. There are specific requirements in respect of fertilisers for the site to ensure the protection of the wide-ranging flora; this includes the rare sulphurwort. Grass species include cocksfoot, meadow foxtail, meadow barley, smooth brome. There is marsh foxtail in the wetter areas. Flowering species such as meadow buttercup and lady's smock are plentiful. Trees and scrub grow on the margins. Resident birds include lapwing and redshank. Natural England SSSI information on the citation Natural England SSSI information on the Severn Ham, Tewkesbury units Natural England Tewkesbury Medieval Town Showcase
Velda Village Hills is a village in northeastern St. Louis County, United States; the population was 1,055 at the 2010 census. Velda Village Hills is located at 38°41′32″N 90°17′13″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.12 square miles, all land. Velda Village Hills is the most densely populated community in Missouri, with a density of nearly 9,000 people per square mile; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,055 people, 427 households, 295 families living in the village. The population density was 8,791.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 465 housing units at an average density of 3,875.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 0.9% White, 98.5% African American, 0.7% from two or more races. There were 427 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.8% were married couples living together, 35.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 30.9% were non-families.
26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the village was 44.2 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 57.6 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,090 people, 428 households, 314 families living in the village; the population density was 9,235.6 people per square mile. There were 451 housing units at an average density of 3,821.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 1.38% White, 98.35% African American, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population. There were 428 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 31.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.99. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $38,173, the median income for a family was $40,357. Males had a median income of $30,074 versus $23,355 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,649. About 8.6% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over. Police service is provided by contract with the North County Police Cooperative