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Melastoma septemnervium

Melastoma septemnervium are erect shrubs or small slender trees with 5 petal, medium-sized, pink flowers that have made them attractive for cultivation. The leaves have the 5 distinctive longitudinal veins typical of plants in the family Melastomataceae. Melastoma septemnervium are small trees up to 5 m tall. Leaves are elliptical with short stiff hairs or scales on the upper surface and finer dense hairs on the lower surface but with a mixture of scales on the nerves. Native to Vietnam, southern China, the Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan. Cultivated and naturalized in Hawaii but reported to be abundant and invasive on Kauai and Hawaii Island from sea level up to 900 m elevation. Melastoma septemnervium grows in light forests and grass lands, or on rocky slopes, but prefers mesic to wet areas and bog margin habitats in Hawaii. Hawaiian populations of M. septemnervium were assigned to Melastoma malabathricum non L. but were identified as M. candidum D. Don by Wagner et al. 1999 due to a number of different traits, including a higher chromosome number.

M. Septemnervium was first described by Loureiro in 1790. M. septemnervium is the accepted name by some sources with M. candidum as a junior synonym, but both names are used widely

Matthew Bronfman

Matthew Bronfman is an American businessman and philanthropist. A member of the Bronfman family, he is the son of prominent businessman and philanthropist Edgar Bronfman, Sr. Bronfman is one of seven children, one of five from Ann and Edgar Miles Bronfman, his mother was the daughter of John Langeloth Loeb Frances Lehman. They divorced in 1973. Bronfman graduated from Williams College in 1981. After working at Goldman Sachs he attended Harvard Business School where he graduated in 1985. Bronfman began his career at the Cadillac Fairview Corporation; as one of the largest American Jewish investors in the Israeli economy, Bronfman is the main shareholder in IKEA Israel, Israel Discount Bank and the Shufersal supermarket chain. He is the chairman and CEO of BHB holdings, a family holding company, he was a managing director at ACI Holdings, a private equity firm based in New York. He is a former director of BizBash Media Inc.. Palace Candles, Inc. EARNEST Partners, LLC, Tweeter Home Entertainment Group Inc. and James River Group, Inc.

Bronfman is the chairman of the international steering committee of Limmud FSU, a program focused on strengthening the Jewish identities of Russian-speaking Jews, the chairman of the American Jewish Committee’s ACCESS, which trains Jewish professionals to shape public opinion and policy around the world. He is the managing principal of the Treetops Foundation, a charity focused on Jewish philanthropy and is on the boards of 92nd Street Y and the Canadian Centre for Architecture. Bronfman has been married four times, his first wife was Fiona Woods. They had three children: Gabriela Talia Bronfman, Eli Miles Bronfman, Jeremy Samuel Bronfman. In December 1997, he married Lisa Belzberg, daughter of Canadian businessman Samuel Belzberg, with whom he has three children, Sasha Eliana Bronfman, Tess Emanuella Bronfman and Ezekiel Belzburg Bronfman. In 2005, he married Stacey Kaye which whom he had Coby Benjamin Bronfman. In April 2017, he remarried to Israeli Melanie Lavie with whom he had his eighth son, James Raphael Bronfman.

He resides in Manhattan. His son, Jeremy, is an advisor to the technology company Enigma Technologies

John Flint South

John Flint South was an English surgeon. The eldest son by his second wife of James South, a druggist in Southwark, he was born on 5 July 1797, he was put to school in October 1805 with Samuel Hemming, D. D. at Hampton, where he remained until June 1813. South began to attend the practice of St. Thomas's Hospital within a few weeks of leaving school, on 18 February 1814 he was apprenticed to Henry Cline the younger a surgeon there, he attended Sir Astley Cooper's lectures on anatomy, met in 1813 Joseph Henry Green, a fellow apprentice and lifelong friend. South was admitted a member of the College of Surgeons of England on 6 Aug. 1819, six months before he had completed his indentures. He acted for some months as prosector to the lecturers on anatomy at St. Thomas's Hospital, on 14 December 1820 he was appointed conservator of the museum and assistant demonstrator of anatomy there for a term of three years, he was elected a joint demonstrator of anatomy with Bransby Cooper in February 1823, an election which gave rise to friction between Cooper and Green.

He was made lecturer on anatomy. Illness in 1841 led him to resign his lectureship, he removed to Blackheath Park, where he lived for the remainder of his life. South was elected a member of the council of the College of Surgeons on 3 March 1841, on 28 July of the same year was appointed full surgeon to St. Thomas's Hospital, in place of Benjamin Travers, he was made surgeon to the Female Orphan Asylum in 1843, on 27 September 1843 he was nominated one of the first fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. He acted as professor of human anatomy and surgery in the College for 1845, he was Hunterian orator in 1844, his oration made no mention of John Hunter. He became a member of the court of examiners in 1849, president of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1851, again in 1860; as a vice-president of the Royal College of Surgeons he was instrumental in getting the body of Hunter interred in Westminster Abbey on 28 March 1859. He resigned his official connection with the college in 1873.

In 1852 South went to Sweden. As a reward the Swedish Horticultural Society at Stockholm, at the instigation of his friend Retzius, awarded to its Linnæan medal of bronze. Recognised as a Latinist, he was selected to examine articled pupils in Latin before they were apprenticed to the Royal College of Surgeons of England. South died at Blackheath Park on 8 January 1882, was buried in Charlton cemetery, he was religious, threw himself into church work with Sunday schools. In 1831 he was a prime mover in establishing the Surrey Botanical Society. Besides tracts on surgical and religious subjects and the articles on the "Zoology of the Invertebrata" in the Encyclopædia Metropolitana, South wrote: A Short Description of the Bones, 1825. London, 1828. 1837. Household Surgery, London, 1847. 1850. 1851. 1851. 1880. Memorials of the Craft of Surgery, edited by D'Arcy Power, with an introduction by Sir James Paget, London, 1886, he translated: Adolph Wilhelm Otto's Compendium of Human and Comparative Pathological Anatomy, London, 1831.

London, 1847. He interwove with this work much of his own surgical experience; the last twenty years of South's life were spent in gathering material for a history of English surgery. South edited the St. Thomas's Hospital Reports for 1836, assisted J. H. Green in preparing the second and third editions of The Dissector's Manual. South was twice married. After her death, in 1864, he married, the following year, daughter of John Louis Lemmé of Antwerp and London, the niece of his friend J. H. Green. There were children of both marriages. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "South, John Flint". Dictionary of National Biography. 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co


A Salawaku, is a traditional shield originating from the Maluku Islands, Indonesia. It is known as Ma Dadatoko, Saluwaku or Salawako in Galela, Salewaku-mu in Loloda, Hawau-mu in Madole, Emuli in Buru or O Dadatoko in Tobelo; the Salawaku is an hour-glass long shield. The shield, including the handle, is carved from a single piece of wood; the upper and lower part are broad, the shield is thinnest in the middle. At the front, it has a slight V-shape so that the centre part comes to the foreground; the shield is curved from top to bottom. On the rear, an elevated rib can be seen along the entire length, part of, the handle in the middle; the front of the Salawaku is plant juice. It is inlaid with mother-of-pearl and fragments of earthenware, and/or painted with kakean symbols and other ornaments; the shield forms a'body', the inlaid patterns refer to certain bodily parts. The upper segment refers to the head, the lower part to the feet. Arteries run lengthwise; the elevated rib on the rear side represents the spine and, just below the handle, the larynx.

Inlays just above the centre represents the eyes. Their number refers to the number of enemies killed by the ancestors; the shield must be shorter than two arms’ length, in order to avoid the shield's end, held against the chin to avoid tears falling on the shield, as'courage and sadness must be separated.' The term Salawaku means'protection' and'repellence': a reference to the supernatural protection of the ancestors. With this technique the defender catches his adversary's weapon, secures it in the wooden shield and disarms him; the shield is not only a defensive weapon, but thanks to its peculiar, narrow shape may be moved to deliver blows with the sharp rims and corners. The Salawaku may be part and parcel of the bridegroom's marriage gifts and are worn during the Cakalele or the Hoyla. During the Cakalele, the Salawaku is carried in the left hand and with a spear or sword in the other. Whereas in the Hasa dance, only performed by men, who carry the Salawaku on the left hand and a wooden machete, Barakas on the other

Ch√Ęteau de Montrond (Saint-Amand-Montrond)

The Château de Montrond is a ruined castle in the commune of Saint-Amand-Montrond in the Cher département of France. A fortress has existed on the site since the end of the 9th century, although the first documentary evidence is from 1225 when it was fortified by Renaud de Montfaucon. In 1361, during the Hundred Years' War, it was taken by the English; the English burned the castle at Orval in the early 15th century, causing the seigneur of Oval and Saint-Amand to move to the better protected site of Montrond. During the 15th and the early 16th centuries, extensive construction work was carried out, including a chapel for Isabeau de la Tour du Pin at the end of the 15th century; the Duke of Sully took ownership of the dilapidated castle in 1606 and embarked on a programme of improvements which included remodelling the residence, strengthening the fortifications, digging moats and creating a garden. Between 1621 and 1652, the architect Jean Sarrazin completed fortifications for Henri II de Condé and his son Louis II le Grand Condé.

The castle was besieged for eleven months to September 1652. Louis XIV ordered the immediate demolition of the castle but a lack of gunpowder meant that only a few bastions were damaged. From 1736, the castle was progressively demolished and used as a quarry being transformed into a public garden in 1834; the Château de Montrond is the property of the commune. It has been classified as a monument historique since 1942 by the French Ministry of Culture. List of castles in France Ministry of Culture listings for Château de Montrond: Château fort de Montrond Photos Ancienne forteresse de Montrond Images