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Sozomen

Salminius Hermias Sozomenus known as Sozomen was a historian of the Christian Church. He was born around 400 in Bethelia, a small town near Gaza, into a wealthy Christian family of Palestine. What he has to tell us of the history of Southern Palestine was derived from oral tradition, he appears familiar with the region around Gaza, mentions having seen Bishop Zeno of Majuma, the seaport of Gaza. Sozomen wrote that his grandfather lived at Bethelia, near Gaza, became a Christian together with his household under Constantius II. A neighbor named Alaphrion was miraculously healed by Saint Hilarion who cast out a demon from Alaphrion, and, as eyewitnesses to the miracle, his family converted, along with Alaphrion's; the conversion marked a turning-point in the Christianization of southern Palestine, according to his account. The grandfather became within his own circle a esteemed interpreter of Scripture; the descendants of the wealthy Alaphrion founded churches and convents in the district, were active in promoting monasticism.

Sozomen himself had conversed with one of these, a old man. He tells us that he was brought up under monkish influences and his history bears him out. Sozomen seems to have been brought up in the circle of Alaphrion and acknowledges a debt of gratitude to the monastic order, his early education was directed by the monks in his native place. It is impossible to ascertain what curriculum he followed in these monastic schools, but his writings give clear evidence of the thoroughness with which he was grounded in Greek studies; as a man he retained the impressions of his youth, his great work was to be a monument of his reverence for the monks in general and for the disciples of Hilarion in particular. As an adult he acquired training as a lawyer, he studied law in Beirut. He went to Constantinople to start his career as a lawyer at the court of Theodosius II. While thus engaged he conceived, around the year 443 the project of writing a history of the Church. Sozomen wrote two works on church history.

His first work covered the history of the Church, from the Ascension of Jesus to the defeat of Licinius in 323, in twelve books. His sources for it included Eusebius of Caesarea, the Clementine homilies and Sextus Julius Africanus. Sozomen's second work continues where his first work left off, he wrote it in Constantinople, around the years 440 to 443 and dedicated it to Emperor Theodosius II. The work is structured into nine books arranged along the reigns of Roman Emperors: Book I: from the conversion of Constantine I until the Council of Nicea Book II: from the Council of Nicea to Constantine's death Book III: from the death of Constantine I to the death of Constans I Book IV: from the death of Constans I to the death of Constantius II Book V: from the death of Constantius II to the death of Julian the Apostate Book VI: from the death of Julian to the death of Valens Book VII: from the death of Valens to the death of Theodosius I Book VIII: from the death of Theodosius I to the death of Arcadius.

Book IX: from the death of Arcadius to the accession of Valentinian III. Book IX is incomplete. In his dedication of the work, he states that he intended cover up to the 17th consulate of Theodosius II, that is, to 439; the extant history ends about 425. Scholars disagree on. Albert Guldenpenning supposed that Sozomen himself suppressed the end of his work because in it he mentioned the Empress Aelia Eudocia, who fell into disgrace through her supposed adultery. However, it appears that Nicephorus and Theodorus Lector did read the end of Sozomen's work, according to their own histories later. Therefore, most scholars believe that the work did come down to that year, that it has reached us only in a damaged condition. According to historian and scholar of Islam Michael Cook, Sozomen wrote that a group of "Saracens" in Palestine had adopted Jewish laws and customs after coming into contact with Jews, who may have been the forerunners of Islam and Muslims. Sozomen borrowed from other sources for his work.

The source for about three-fourths of his material was the writings of Socrates Scholasticus. The literary relationship of these writers appears everywhere. Valesius asserted that Sozomen read Socrates, Robert Hussey and Guldenpenning have proved this. For example, Socrates, in I.x, relates an anecdote which he had heard, says that neither Eusebius nor any other author reports it, yet this anecdote is found in Sozomen, I.xxii, the similarity of diction showing that the text of Socrates was the source. The extent of this dependence cannot be determined. Sozomen used the work of Socrates as a guide to sources and order. In some matters, such as in regard to the Novatians, Sozomen is dependent on Socrates, but Sozomen did not copy Socrates. He went back to the principal sources used by Socrates and other sources including more from them than Socrates did, he used the writings of the first major Church historian. The Vita Constantini of Eusebius is expressly cited in the description of the vision of Constantine.

Sozomen appears to have consulted the Historia Athanasii and the works of Athanasius including the Vita Antonii. He completes the statements of Socrates from the Apologia contra Arianos, sqq. and copies Athanasius' Adv. episcopos AEgypti, xviii-xix. Rufinus is used. Instructive in this respect is a comparison of Sozomen and Rufinus on the childhood of Athanasius. Rufinus is the original.

Bete Grise

Bete Grise is a nature preserve on Keweenaw Peninsula, in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and bay on Lake Superior, where the sand is said to "sing" in situ. Local legend says that the musical "voice" that emanates from the sand is that of a Native American maid who lost her lover to the Great Lakes and still calls to him from the shore with the aid of visitors who "play" the sand; the sand can be made to "sing" by pressing down with the palm of the hand or "bark". The sand loses its musical properties when removed from the beach, it is said that the beach was named due to sightings of a strange gray creature that roamed the area. Another local legend is that when the Native Americans burned off the blueberry bogs next to Bete Gris after the harvest, the smoke rolling across the bay looked like a gray beast. Bete Grise beach is located off US 41, near the inland lake Lac La Belle, on the Keweenaw Peninsula of the northern Upper Peninsula of Michigan; the Bete Grise Preserve is 1500 acres of'diverse wetland types," including shoreline stretching for 2 miles along Lake Superior.

It is a designated nature protected area which lies between Point Isabelle along the Gay-Lac La Belle Road to Bete Grise. The Northern half of the beach is accessible by paved road; the Southern half of the beach, Bete Grise South, is most reached by boat and is part of a designated wildlife refuge. The Beach is bisected by the dredged Mendota boat channel; the historic Mendota Light House is restored in private hands on Bete Gris South. The Bete Grise Light is located in the area. Bete Grise Bay is a designated "Harbor of Refuge" on Lake Superior by the US Coast Guard. "Weird Michigan" by Linda S. Godfrey, Sterling Publishing Co. Inc. ISBN 1-4027-3907-9, ISBN 978-1-4027-3907-1. Keweenaw Convention and Visitors Bureau.. Bete Grise Preserve. Manarolla, M.. Ceremony marks Bete Grise preservation. KeweenawNOW. Bete Grise Preserve home page

List of United States Navy people

This page contains a list of notable people of the U. S. Navy. Andrew Baldwin – doctor and the bachelor for Season 10 of The Bachelor Commodore John Barry – "Father of the American Navy" W. W. Behrens, Jr. – earth-sciences futurist Jeremy Michael Boorda – admiral, former Chief of Naval Operations Henry L. BrandonNaval Aviator and oil executive Bill Branon – captain and naval medical officer, novelist Don Brown – former US Navy JAG officer, author of the Navy Justice Series Arleigh Burkedestroyer captain Richard Evelyn Byrd – polar explorer James F. Cahill – one of the first scuba divers and first Navy SEALs Vern Clark – former Chief of Naval Operations Donnie Cochran – first African-American aviator assigned to the U. S. Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron Thomas Preston Davis – notable surgeon Stephen Decatur – hero of Tripoli Terry Deitz – Naval Aviator. Edmund Giambastiani – 7th Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Samuel L. Gravely, Jr. – first African-American to be promoted to flag rank William Halsey, Jr.

Third Fleet commander, won battles off Guadalcanal and the Solomons. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. – Naval Aviator. Ernest King – fleet admiral. S. ambassador to France Thomas McClelland – captain. S. when Japan formally surrendered on board USS Missouri. Matthew Perry – commodore who forced the opening of Japan Oliver Hazard Perry – commanded the Battle of Lake Erie John Poindexter – served as National Security Advisor Eli Thomas Reich – vice admiral, only submariner to sink a Japanese battleship unaided during WW2 Hyman G. Rickover – admiral, "Father of the Nuclear Navy" Jamila Reinhardt – Naval Aviator. S. Navy commander and founder of the American Nazi Party Theodore Roosevelt IV – Special Warfare, great grandson of President Theodore Roosevelt and a prominent conservationist and environmentalist Donald Rumsfeld – Naval Aviator. Rebuilt the Naval War College after World War II Roger Staubach – football hall of Famer, Vietnam veteran Jackson T. Stephens – investment banker James Stockdale – one of the most decorated officers in the history of the navy Patrick M. Walsh – admiral, Vice Chief of Naval Operations Robert F. Willard – admiral, former Vice Chief of Naval Operations John Wooden – famous college basketball coach Bruce Bromley – associate judge of the New York Court of Appeals, prominent trial lawyer at Cravath, Swaine & Moore George H. W. Bush – former U.

S. President. S. President. S. House of Representatives Gerald Ford – former U. S. President. Lyndon

List of former primary state highways in Virginia (Hampton Roads District)

The following is a list of former primary state highways or within the Hampton Roads District the Suffolk District, of the U. S. state of Virginia. State Route 88 was a primary state highway in the U. S. state of Virginia. The number was assigned in the 1940 renumbering to replace part of State Route 32, SR 88 was transferred to the secondary system in 1943 and 1948. SR 88 ran from Branchville via Emporia to Purdy along current State Route 730 and part of State Route 619. State Route 152 extended east on present secondary SR 704 from SR 10 east of Smithfield past Battery Park to Center Street in Rescue. Just under half of the route was added to the state highway system in 1930 as an extension of State Route 507, in 1932 it was extended to Rescue. SR 507 was renumbered 158 in the 1933 renumbering, split between US 158 and SR 158; this became US 258 and SR 258 in the 1940 renumbering, but by 1944, SR 258 was rerouted over the James River Bridge to replace SR 239 on Mercury Boulevard, the stub from Smithfield to Rescue became a new SR 152.

This designation was short-lived, as it was downgraded to secondary in 1944. State Route 174 was a short cutoff between U. S. Route 60 and SR 238 bypassing Lee Hall to the north; the portion east of SR 143 is now Lebanon Church Road inside Naval Weapons Station Yorktown, while the remainder no longer exists as a roadway, having been covered by Interstate 64 and a former clay pit. State Route 397, a spur from SR 39 to SR 391, was added to the state highway system in 1926, it became State Route 174 in the 1933 renumbering. The U. S. government took possession of the portion east of SR 168 in 1952, in 1966 the remainder was abandoned, since it had been destroyed by the construction of I-64. State Route 177 extended along current SR 764, SR 763, SR 673 from US 13 in Accomac via Greenbush to SR 176 and SR 316 in Parksley. 3 miles at the south end was added to the state highway system in 1932, with no number given, became SR 177 in the 1933 renumbering. The rest of the route was added in 1938, but only four years this extension, as well as the remainder north of Greenbush, was downgraded to secondary in favor of the shorter parallel SR 316.

The remaining segment from Accomac to Greenbush was downgraded in 1959. State Route 184 followed current secondary SR 606 from US 13 in Nassawadox northwest to Middletown and SR 618 southwest to Franktown. 1⁄2 mile at the east end became State Route 527 in 1930, the remainder was added in 1932. SR 527 became SR 184 in the 1933 renumbering, in 1953 it was downgraded to secondary as extensions of existing SR 606 and SR 618. State Route 185 extended east along present SR 631 from US 13 in Eastville to Eastville Station on the former New York and Norfolk Railroad, it was added to the state highway system in 1926 as State Route 343, changed to State Route 524 in the 1928 renumbering and SR 185 in the 1933 renumbering, downgraded to secondary in 1952 as an extension of existing SR 631. State Route 186 extended south from US 13 at Bayview to the former New York and Norfolk Railroad at Kiptopeke along current SR 684, US 13, SR 683, part of SR 600; the majority of the route was added to the state highway system in 1928 as State Route 525, extended another 1 mile in 1930 and the remaining 1.3 miles to Kiptopeke in 1932.

SR 525 became SR 186 in the 1933 renumbering. The Virginia Ferry Corporation opened a new terminal near Kiptopeke in 1949, rerouting its Little Creek-Cape Charles Ferry service from the old dock at Cape Charles; the state improved what was SR 652, from SR 186 west of Capeville south to the new terminal, to primary standards, realigned SR 186 near its north end to follow a more direct route. The completed upgrade of SR 652 was transferred to the primary system in 1951 as a rerouted US 13, that year the parts of SR 186 that had not become US 13 were downgraded to secondary as an extension of existing SR 600 and new SR 683 and SR 684. State Route 188 extended northeast along current SR 607 from US 60 at Norge to SR 606 at Croaker, it was added to the state highway system in 1932, with no number given, became SR 188 in the 1933 renumbering, was downgraded to secondary in 1944 as an extension of existing SR 607. 0.4 miles at I-64 was re-added to the primary system in 1965 as part of SR 168Y. State Route 190 followed Blackwater Road and Pungo Ferry Road from Fentress Airfield Road near North Landing south and east to Princess Anne Road near Creeds.

The former route is now within the cities of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach. Two segments of State Route 536 were created in 1930, extending south from SR 502 to the Pocaty River and from the county line at the Pocaty River for 0.4 miles. The 1⁄4 mile gap at the Pocaty River was filled in 1932, a 5.2 miles extension was added at the south end. SR 536 became SR 190 in the 1933 renumbering, in October 1933 it was extended another 1

Doughty House

Doughty House is a large house on Richmond Hill in Richmond, England, built in the 18th century, with additions. It has fine views down over the Thames, both the house and gallery are Grade II listed buildings; the house was named after Elizabeth Doughty, who lived there from about 1786, built St Elizabeth of Portugal Church in The Vineyard, Richmond. It was the residence of the Cook baronets from when it was bought in 1849 by the first baronet until after World War II. A 125-foot-long gallery was added in 1885 for the important family art collection; the house was damaged by bombing in the Second World War and the 4th baronet moved to Jersey with 30 paintings from the collection. The first Lady Cook, the American suffragist Tennessee Claflin, was mistress of Doughty House from 1885 until her death. In 1870, she became the first woman, along with her sister Victoria Woodhull, to open a Wall Street brokerage firm. Doughty House was sold in 2013 to ultra-prime developer K10 group Ltd., working on a £30 million renovation to transform the structure into a private residence by 2019.

Awaiting the Arrival of Christopher at Doughty House, Richmond: Bishop and George Bellamy, March 1938 and Airing Curtains, The Garden, Doughty House, Richmond by Francis Ferdinand Maurice Cook are held at the Sir Francis Cook Gallery

Chandrapur railway station

Chandrapur railway station is a railway station serving Chandrapur city in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra state of India. It is under Nagpur CR railway division of Central Railway Zone of Indian Railways, it is located on New Delhi–Chennai main line of Indian Railways. It has three platforms; as of 2018, 105 passenger trains stop at this station. The Ballarshah-Wardha-Nagpur section was electrified in 1989; the year of construction of the railway station is not available. The Ramagundam-Balharshah-Wardha-Nagpur sector was electrified in 1988–89. Amenities at Chandrapur railway station include: computerized reservation office, waiting room, retiring room and non-vegetarian refreshments, a book stall. Arrivals at Chandrapur