300 is a 2006 American period action film based on the 1998 comic series of the same name by Frank Miller and Lynn Varley. Both are fictionalized retellings of the Battle of Thermopylae within the Persian Wars; the film was directed by Zack Snyder, while Miller served as executive consultant. It was filmed with a super-imposition chroma key technique, to help replicate the imagery of the original comic book; the plot revolves around King Leonidas, who leads 300 Spartans into battle against the Persian "God-King" Xerxes and his invading army of more than 300,000 soldiers. As the battle rages, Queen Gorgo attempts to rally support in Sparta for her husband; the story is framed by a voice-over narrative by the Spartan soldier Dilios. Through this narrative technique, various fantastical creatures are introduced, placing 300 within the genre of historical fantasy. 300 was released in both conventional and IMAX theaters in the United States on March 9, 2007, on DVD, Blu-ray Disc, HD DVD on July 31, 2007.
The film received mixed reviews from critics, which included praise for its original visuals and style but criticism for its depiction of the Persians, which some characterized as bigoted or Iranophobic. So, the film was a box office success, grossing over $450 million, the film's opening was the 24th-largest in box office history at the time. A sequel, titled Rise of an Empire, based on Miller's unpublished graphic novel prequel Xerxes, was released on March 7, 2014. In 479 BC, one year after the Battle of Thermopylae, Dilios, a hoplite in the Spartan Army, begins his story by depicting the life of Leonidas I from childhood to kingship via Spartan doctrine. Dilios's story continues and a Persian herald arrives at the gates of Sparta demanding "earth and water" as a token of submission to King Xerxes—the Spartans reply by throwing the envoy and his escort into a deep well. Leonidas visits the Ephors, proposing a strategy to drive back the numerically superior Persians through the Hot Gates.
His plan involves building a wall in order to funnel the Persians into a narrow pass between the rocks and the sea: negating the Persian advantage in numbers, giving Greeks heavy infantry the advantage over the vast waves of Persian light infantry. The Ephors consult the Oracle; as Leonidas angrily departs, an agent from Xerxes appears, rewarding the Ephors for their covert support. Although the Ephors have denied him permission to mobilize Sparta's army, Leonidas gathers three hundred of his best soldiers in the guise of his personal bodyguard, they are joined along the way by Arcadians. At Thermopylae, they construct the wall made up of stones and slain Persian scouts as mortar, angering a Persian emissary. Stelios, an elite Spartan soldier, orders the former to go back to the Persian lines and warn Xerxes, after cutting off his whipping arm. Meanwhile, Leonidas encounters Ephialtes, a deformed Spartan whose parents fled Sparta to spare him certain infanticide. Ephialtes asks to redeem his father's name by joining Leonidas' army, warning him of a secret path the Persians could use to outflank and surround the Spartans.
Though sympathetic, Leonidas rejects him since his deformity physically prevents him from holding his shield high enough compromising the phalanx formation, Ephialtes is enraged. The battle begins soon after the Spartans' refusal to lay down their weapons. Using the Hot Gates to their advantage, as well as their superior fighting skills, the Spartans repel wave after wave of the advancing Persian army. During a lull in the battle, Xerxes approaches Leonidas to persuade him to surrender, offering him wealth and power in exchange for his allegiance. Leonidas mocks Xerxes for the inferior quality of his fanatical warriors. In response, Xerxes sends in his elite guard, the Immortals that night; the Spartans nonetheless manage to defeat the Immortals with few losses, with slight help from the Arcadians. On the second day, Xerxes sends in new waves of armies from Asia and other Persian subject states, including war elephants, to crush the Spartans once and for all, but to no avail. Meanwhile, Ephialtes defects to Xerxes to whom he reveals the secret path in exchange for wealth, women, a Persian uniform.
The Arcadians retreat upon learning of Ephialtes' betrayal. Leonidas orders an injured but reluctant Dilios to return to Sparta and tell them of what has happened: a "tale of victory". In Sparta, Queen Gorgo tries to persuade the Spartan Council to send reinforcements to aid the 300. Theron, a corrupt politician, claims that he "owns" the Council and threatens the Queen, who reluctantly submits to his sexual demands in return for his help; when Theron disgraces her in front of the Council, Gorgo kills him out of rage, revealing within his robe a bag of Xerxes' gold. Marking his betrayal, the Council unanimously agrees to send reinforcements. On the third day, the Persians, led by Ephialtes, traverse the secret path. Xerxes' general again demands their surrender. Leonidas kneels in submission, allowing Stelios to leap over him and kill the general. A furious Xerxes orders his troops to attack. Leonidas throws his spear at Xerxes. Leonidas and the remaining Spartans fight to the last man until they succumb to an arrow barrage.
Dilios, now back at Sparta, concludes his tale before the Council. Inspired by Leonidas' sacrifice, Greeks mobilizes. One year the Persians face an army of 30,000 free Greeks led by a vanguard of 10,000 Spartans. After one final speech commemorating the 300, Di
Ancient Wars: Sparta
Ancient Wars: Sparta is a 2007 real-time strategy video game for Microsoft Windows, developed by World Forge, published by Playlogic, distributed by Eidos. The game features three separate campaigns set in different ancient cultures, it received mixed to negative reviews, with critics finding the gameplay unoriginal, the overall game as bringing nothing new to the genre. Intended as the first game in a franchise to bear the Ancient Wars name, no further titles were made, although a spiritual successor with the same game engine was released in 2008, Fate of Hellas. Ancient Wars: Sparta is a real-time strategy game in which the player controls the Spartans, the Ancient Egyptians and the Ancient Persians; the game is divided up into three separate campaigns, one for each of the three cultures, with each campaign divided into multiple missions. The campaigns are independent of one another, can be played in any order; the missions within each campaign, are linear, each mission only becomes available when the previous one has been completed.
Although gameplay focuses on combat, the game features elements of economic micromanagement, as the player must generate enough resources to build up their armies to the point where they can defeat the opposing forces. Within each mission, the player will have multiple primary objectives, will have one or more secondary objectives. Secondary objectives are not necessary to complete the mission, but reward the player with troops and/or resources if fulfilled; the game features three basic types of infantry unit. Light infantry are armored and fast, functioning best as ranged attackers. Medium infantry, are medium armored and stronger, functioning well as either ranged or melee units. Heavy infantry are armored and slow, best utilized as melee units. However, the player is free to create melee warriors and archers from all three types of unit, allowing for a total of six different types of infantry. All infantry units are "built" either at archery range. Before building a unit, the player must choose.
Each unit has three slots for customization, with the player free to choose from a primary weapon, a secondary weapon and, depending on the primary and secondary weapon, a shield. However, most weapons and shields must be researched. Once researched, the weapon has to be manufactured, with research and manufacture carried out in two separate buildings, with each process costing resources and taking time. Once a weapon has been researched and manufactured, the player is free to equip it to a unit. Weapon manufacture is a one-time procedure, is not required every time the player equips that particular weapon. An alternative way to equip soldiers is to have workers collect the equipment of defeated enemies; these weapons can be used by the player to equip their own army at no cost, with no research or manufacture time. Players can produce siege weaponry such as, depending on what campaign they are playing, battering rams, siege towers and war animals, such as camels and elephants. Opponents' siege weaponry and animals cans be taken over and used by the player in the same manner as their weaponry.
The game features heroes, who have more health points and are stronger than normal units, who can acquire special abilities when they level up. In some missions, if the player's hero dies, the mission is over. If the mission does not require the hero to survive, but he is killed in combat, the player can revive him in the main building for a fee. During combat, the player has four different attack patterns from; the game features naval combat, involving three different types of ship: light battleships, heavy battleships, barges. In terms of resource management, the game features three types of resource. Gold and wood are required to construct buildings, research new weaponry and technologies, equip warriors with weapons and shields, build heavy equipment such as catapults and chariots. Food is required to sustain workers. If food reserves drop to zero, the number of health points of all combat units begins to diminish dropping to 10% of the maximum amount; the player can acquire gold by building goldmines, wood by clearing forests, food by constructing buildings such as farms.
Workers are necessary to build all buildings, to gather wood. They occupy and operate buildings such as farms and goldmines to produce food and gold, buildings involved in the research and manufacture of new weaponry. Workers can repair buildings, can collect enemy weapons, and, in the Persian campaign, are required to directly build ships and heavy equipment; the game contains three semi-fictional campaigns c
AC Sparta Prague
Athletic Club Sparta Praha known as Sparta Prague, is a Czech football club based in Prague. It is the most successful club in the Czech Republic and one of the most successful in central Europe, winning the central European Cup three times as well as having reached the semi-finals of the European Cup in 1992 and the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1973. Sparta have been successful on the international stage, winning the Small Club World Cup, the predecessor to the FIFA Club World Cup, in 1969. Sparta have won 36 domestic league titles, the Czech Cup 27 times a record, the Czech Supercup twice. Sparta was long the main source for the Czech Republic national football team, however this has ceased to be the case, as the best Czech players exclusively play in foreign leagues. Sparta play at Prague's Generali Arena known as Letná Stadium. At the close of 1893, a small group of young people based around three brothers – Václav and Rudolf Rudl – had the idea of setting up a sports club. On 16 November, the founders' meeting approved the club's articles of association and one month on 17 December, the first annual general meeting took place.
Soon after that, the Athletic Club Sparta came up with its tricolour, in which blue symbolises Europe, red is the symbol of the royal city, though the reason for the yellow is not known any more. At the beginning of the club's football history, the players used to wear black jerseys with a big "S" on the front, they played for two years in black-and-white striped jerseys, which they returned to, wearing them as a reserve strip, for two years in 1996. In 1906, club president Dr. Petřík was in England where he saw the famous Woolwich Arsenal play with their red jerseys and decided to bring one set to Prague. At that time, he did not realise. Together with the red jerseys, Sparta players wear black socks. Shortly after World War I, a team was put together that triggered off the famous period of the 1920s and'30s referred to as "Iron Sparta". A football league in Czechoslovakia was established in the mid-twenties and the club collected title after title. To this day, the fans still recall the names of the players of that period with admiration: Peyer, Perner, Káďa, Kolenatý, Červený.
A few years some no less famous names appeared, such as Hochman, Hajný, Šíma, Silný, Čtyřoký, Košťálek and in particular Oldřich Nejedlý, the top scorer at the 1934 FIFA World Cup. Shortly before this most famous era kicked off, Vlasta Burian, the man who became the king of Czech comedians, played in goal for the club; the milestones of the first golden period of the club's history are two Central European Cup titles, which in the'20 and the'30s enjoyed the same recognition as that of today's Champions League. Sparta's three titles are important milestones in the cup's history. After two triumphs in 1927 and 1935, the third came in 1964, at a time when the cup's importance was falling behind that of other European cups. In 1946, AC Sparta toured Great Britain opening with a 2–2 draw against Arsenal on 2 October. Golden periods alternated with years when Sparta fans only nostalgically remembered the "good old times". After substantial changes driven by the socialist regime, bringing frequent changes of the club's name rather than achievements to be proud of, the title in 1954 was the last one before a long period of misery.
Only the great era of the team around Andrej Kvašňák in the 1960s brought back memories of the club's golden years. There are still many people who recollect the era of Jiří Tichý and Václav Mašek; those were the days when Sparta hosted the biggest number of fans in its history, with the stadium at that time accommodating 40,000. All three of the above-mentioned heroes were part of the national team that finished second at the 1962 World Cup in Chile. Other important players in these "golden years" were Vladimír Táborský and Ivan Mráz. Up until 1975, Sparta was the only Czech club. In this year, due to a number of circumstances, the team dropped to division two; the club only spent one year in this division, with the crucial matches for the club's comeback to the elite being sold out. The club did not win another league title until the early 1980s. Built around Chovanec, Berger, Hašek, Skuhravý and Griga, the team regained its former status and won five league titles in a row between 1986 and 1991.
In 1983 -- 84, the team got as far as the UEFA Cup quarter-finals. In the early 1990s, this successful era was continued by the next generation of players, such as Siegl, Horňák, Němeček, Frýdek, Němec and Kouba. Sparta has achieved a number of international successes, including two Central European Cup titles in the period of "Iron Sparta". More recent high points include Sparta's performance in the first year of the UEFA Champions League, in 1991–92. Sparta defeated Rangers Marseille and reached the semi-final group. Playing Barcelona, Dynamo Kyiv and Benfica, Sparta finished second. Unlike today's system, only the group winner reached the final. Being second in the group, Sparta was unofficially fourth best team. Sparta participated in the group stage of Champions League between 1997 and 2006; the club enjoyed their best Champions League performances in the 1999–2000 and 2001–02 seasons, reaching the now-defunct second group stage on both occasions. In 1999–2000, it won its initial group under the management of Ivan Hašek, was third in the quarter-final group.
In that group, Sparta came
Sparta is a city in Randolph County, United States. The population was 4,302 at the 2010 census; the city was the principal filming location for the 1967 film In the Heat of the Night. Sparta is located at 38°8′N 89°42′W. According to the 2010 census, Sparta has a total area of 11.443 square miles, of which 11.17 square miles is land and 0.273 square miles is water. After World War II, Sparta became known as "Magazineland, U. S. A." due to the presence of numerous printing plants that produced most of the mass-market color comic books in the United States. Spartan Printing employed as many as 1,000 people at its peak. Major comics distributors situated their warehouses in and around Sparta. In 2005, the expansion of the Dayton International Airport forced the Amateur Trapshooting Association to relocate from its previous headquarters in Vandalia, Ohio; the association chose to move to the vicinity of Sparta, following extensive lobbying by the city and the state. In 2006 Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich and local dignitaries opened the World Shooting and Recreational Complex north of Sparta.
The ATA hosted its first Grand American at the facility in August, with several thousand shooters attending. In 2012 the ATA moved their national headquarters to Sparta Illinois. All day-to-day operations for the Association are now handled at this location; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,486 people, 1,783 households, 1,164 families residing in the city. The population density was 496.6 people per square mile. There were 2,014 housing units at an average density of 223.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 81.39% White, 15.65% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.27% from other races, 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population. There were 1,783 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,139, the median income for a family was $41,908. Males had a median income of $30,386 versus $19,819 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,343. About 10.9% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. Earle Gardner, infielder for the New York Highlanders John Wittenborn, kicker for San Francisco 49ers, Philadelphia Eagles, Houston Oilers Darius Jackson, running back for the Dallas Cowboys City website Randolph County Herald Tribune World Shooting and Recreational Complex
AC Sparta Praha (cycling team)
AC Sparta Praha is a Czech cycling team recognized by the UCI since 2002: it started as a third division team becoming a Continental team. It is based in Czech Republic and it participates in UCI Continental Circuits races. Roster in 2019: Petr Fiala František Honsa Tomáš Kalojíros Rostislav Krotký Petr Malán Jan Rajchart Jan Ryba Tomáš Schühler Michal Schuran Jan Stöhr Pavel Stöhr Michal Volf Official website
Sparta Rotterdam is a Dutch professional football club based in Rotterdam. Established on 1 April 1888, Sparta Rotterdam is the oldest professional football team in the Netherlands. In the 2018–19 season, Sparta will play in the Eerste Divisie, the second tier of Dutch professional football; the club is one of three professional football clubs from Rotterdam, the others being Excelsior and Feyenoord. On 1 April 1888, several students from Rotterdam founded a cricket club called Rotterdamsche Cricket & Football Club Sparta. In July 1888, a football branch of the club was established. In 1890, Sparta played its first real football match, in 1892 Sparta disbanded the cricket branch. Sparta was promoted to the highest league of Dutch football on 23 April 1893. In 1897, Sparta withdrew from the competition after continuous dubious arbitration of Sparta matches; the club continued to exist, in 1899 the board of Sparta visited a match of Sunderland. Impressed with the red-and-white jersey of the English club, the board decided that Sunderland's colours would henceforth be the colours of Sparta.
In 1905, Sparta initiated and organised the first home match of the Netherlands national team, against Belgium. The match, won 4–0 by the Netherlands, was a rematch of a game two weeks prior, when the Netherlands beat Belgium 4–1 in Antwerp, Belgium; the first match at Sparta's new stadium, Het Kasteel, in the Spangen area of west Rotterdam, was played on 14 October 1916. The stadium is still Sparta's stadium; until the 2002–03 season, Sparta had always played at the highest level, but after they appointed the former international player Frank Rijkaard as a manager they were relegated from the top-level Eredivisie in 2002. That made Rijkaard resign from his position. Sparta returned to the Eredivisie for the 2005–06 season, they were relegated again in 2010. On 20 August 2010, they equalled Ajax's and Heracles Almelo's Dutch league record win when they defeated Almere City 12–1 with Johan Voskamp scoring an Eerste Divisie record 8 goals on his debut. After six years in the Eerste Divisie, Sparta again won promotion to the Eredivisie in April 2016 after a 3–1 win over Jong Ajax won them an unassailable lead over second placed VVV-Venlo.
However, they were relegated for the third time in their history in May 2018 after they were beaten 1-3 on aggregate by FC Emmen in the promotion/relegation play-offs. The result proved to be a historical one since Emmen won their first promotion to the Eredivisie. Sparta has won three national cups; the best footballers of Rotterdam and Antwerp contested a yearly match between 1909 and 1959 for the Meuse- and Scheldt Cup. It was agreed to play the game at stadium Het Kasteel in Rotterdam and at the Bosuilstadion in Antwerp; the cup was provided in 1909 by Kees van Hasselt from P. Havenith from Antwerp; the Sparta Jeugdopleiding is a four-star certified youth academy and amongst the strongest in the nation, having won the national academy of the year award on several occasions. Several International footballers have progressed through the ranks of the academy, including Danny Blind, Danny Koevermans, David Mendes da Silva, Ed de Goey, Winston Bogarde, Memphis Depay, Henk Fräser, Jan van Beveren, Georginio Wijnaldum, Anwar El Ghazi, Jetro Willems, John de Wolf, Kevin Strootman, Rick van Drongelen and Nick Viergever, amongst others.
Netherlands Football League Championship / Eredivisie: 61908–09, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1912–13, 1914–15, 1958–59Eerste Divisie: 12015–16KNVB Cup: 31957–58, 1961–62, 1965–66Eerste Klasse: 101909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1916, 1925, 1929, 1953, 1956 Rotterdam Easter TournamentRunners-up: 1934, 1948 Below is a table with Sparta Rotterdam's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956. Q = Qualifying Round 1R = First round 2R = Second round 3R = Third round 1/4 = Quarter-final As of 1 February 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Sparta Rotterdam season 2001–02 Sparta Rotterdam season 2002–03 Sparta Rotterdam season 2003–04 Official website Sparta Rotterdam at Football-lineups.com Statistics itwm despartasupporter Unofficial website in English
Sparta is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County, United States, along the La Crosse River. The population was 9,522 at the 2010 census. A post office has been in operation at Sparta since 1852; the city was named after the ancient Greek city-state. Sparta is located at 43°56′35″N 90°48′42″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.60 square miles, of which 6.54 square miles is land and 0.06 square miles is water. Sparta's location in the United States' upper midwest gives the area a temperate, continental climate; the warmest month of the year is July, with an average high temperature of 85 °F, with overnight low temperatures averaging 63 °F. January is the coldest month, with high temperatures averaging 26 °F, with the overnight low temperatures around 6 °F; the Sparta/Fort McCoy Airport serves general aviation for the area. Railroad tracks owned by Canadian Pacific Railway pass through Sparta; the city is served by several major highways, including Interstate 90, Wisconsin State Highway 16, Wisconsin State Highway 21, Wisconsin State Highway 27, Wisconsin State Highway 71.
Sparta is at one end of the Elroy-Sparta Bike Trail. Opened in 1967, this is considered to be the first rail trail, is a 32-mile bike trail which passes through rural scenery and three tunnels. Based on this, Sparta dubs itself the "Bicycling Capital of America", the entrance to the town is marked by an oversized figure of a cyclist on an old-fashioned penny farthing high wheel bicycle; the statue, named "Ben Bikin'," has been given the title of "World's Largest Bicyclist" and in October of each year a ride called the "Will to Ben" connects the "Ben Bikin'" statue with another from the same mold, named "Will B. Rolling," which resides in Port Byron, Illinois; as of the census of 2010, there were 9,522 people, 3,986 households, 2,342 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,456.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,192 housing units at an average density of 641.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 1.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population. There were 3,986 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.2% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age in the city was 36.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,648 people, 3,583 households, 2,217 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,582.2 people per square mile. There were 3,733 housing units at an average density of 683.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.97% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races.
1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,583 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,397, the median income for a family was $42,182. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $21,634 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,238. About 10.0% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
Sparta is the home and international headquarters of several businesses including Century Foods International, Northern Engraving Corp. Spartek, Mathews Inc. F. A. S. T. Corp. Sparta Brush Company, McPherson Guitars, Lake States Lumber, Wesco Home Furnishings. Butterfest is an annual event in the city. Incorporated on February 14, 1984, it was formed to raise funds and conduct fund raising projects for the advancement of the general welfare of the city of Sparta. Other events include: Concerts in the Park Sound Taps Wisconsin July 4 Celebration Sparta Area Cancer Support Walk Leon Gatorfest Crazy Dayz Women's Softball Tournament City of Sparta Sparta Chamber of Commerce Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1884 1889 1894 1900 1911 1922