Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR

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Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR
First event 1956
Occur every 4 years
Last event 1991
Purpose Olympic reserves exhibition
Headquarters Moscow, Soviet Union

Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR (Russian: Спартакиада народов СССР, Spartakiada narodov SSSR[1]) were mass multi-event competitions in the Soviet Union in 1956-1991, descendants of the 1928 All-Union Spartakiad that took place in Moscow. The competitions were conducted between constituent republics of the Soviet Union, while the Russian side was represented by three teams and included separate teams from Leningrad and Moscow. The competitions also were organized as winter and summer. There were 10 summer Spartakiads and 7 winter Spartakiads.

Background[edit]

In 1952 the Soviet Union decided to join the Olympic movement, and international Spartakiads ceased, however the term persisted for internal sports events in the Soviet Union of different levels, from local up to the Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR. The latter event was held twice in four years: Winter Spartakiad and Summer Spartakiad, with international participation.

The first Soviet Spartakiad was held in 1956, these events were of huge importance for Soviet sports. Everyone could participate in them - from ordinary people to top-level athletes, the number of participants, for example, in the 6th Summer Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR, was 90 million people (twice the number of athletes in the USSR in that time), including 8,300 Masters of Sports of the USSR. And in the 3rd Winter Spartakiad of the Peoples of the USSR 20 million people took part, including some 1,000 Masters of Sports of the USSR,[2] the Winter and Summer Spartakiads of the Peoples of the USSR were each commemorated on a series of postage stamps, released in millions of copies (an example of such a stamp is pictured).[3] Until 1975 all summer finals were held in Moscow, later in other cities throughout the Union, the winter editions final were often held in Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk).

List of Spartakiades of Peoples of USSR[edit]

  • Summer (1956, 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1975, 1979, 1983, 1986, 1991)
  • Winter (1962, 1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1990)

Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR[edit]

Summer Spartakiads[edit]

Sports 1956 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1983 1986 1991 Total
Acrobatics X X 2
Badminton X X 2
Basketball X X X X X X X X X 9
Boxing X X X X X X X X X X 10
Track cycling X X X X X X X X 8
Road bicycle racing X X X X X X X X X X 10
Water polo X X X X X X X X X 9
Water skiing X 1
Volleyball (men) X X X X X X X X X X 10
Volleyball (women) X X X X X X X X X 9
Freestyle wrestling X X X X X X X X X X 10
Handball X X X X X 5
Kettlebell lifting X 1
Gorodki X X 2
Rowing X X X X X X X X 8
Kayak and Canoe X X X X X X X X X X 10
Judo X X X X 4
Greco-Roman wrestling X X X X X X X X X X 10
Equestrian sport X X X X X X X X X X 10
Athletics X X X X X X X X X X 10
Motorcycle sport X 1
Table tennis X X X X X 5
Sailing X X X X X X 6
Swimming X X X X X X X X X X 10
Underwater sports X 1
Diving X X X X X X X X X X 10
Trampolining X X 2
Sambo X X X X X X 6
Synchronized swimming X X X 3
Modern pentathlon X X X X X X X X X 9
Artistic gymnastics X X X X X X X X X X 10
Shooting X X X X X X X X X 9
Skeet shooting X X X X X X X X X 9
Arching X X X X X X 6
Tennis X X X X X X X X X 9
Powerlifting X X X X X X X X X X 10
Fencing X X X X X X X X X X 10
Association football X X X X 4
Field hockey X X X 3
Rhythmic gymnastics X X X X 4
Chess X X X X X X X X 8

Winter Spartakiads[edit]

1982 Winter Spartakiad (post stamp)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ukrainian: Спартакіада народів СРСР; Lithuanian: TSRS tautų spartakiada; Latvian: PSRS tautu spartakiāda
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference GSE was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Catalogue of Postage Stamps of the USSR 1918–1974, “Soyuzpechat” Central Philatelic Agency (Wikidata) (CPA) of the Ministry of Communications of the USSR publisher, Moscow, 1976. See also subsequent yearly catalogues.

External links[edit]