1. Amal Clooney – Amal Clooney is a barrister at Doughty Street Chambers, specializing in international law and human rights. Her clients include Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, in his fight against extradition and she has also represented the former prime minister of Ukraine, Yulia Tymoshenko, and Egyptian-Canadian journalist Mohamed Fahmy. She is married to the American actor George Clooney, Amal Alamuddin was born in Beirut, Lebanon. However, during the 1980s Lebanese Civil War, the Alamuddin family left Lebanon and settled in Gerrards Cross and she was two years old at the time. She has three siblings—one sister, Tala, and two half-brothers, Samer and Ziad, from her fathers first marriage, Clooney attended Dr Challoners High School, a girls grammar school located in Amersham, Buckinghamshire. She then studied at St. Hughs College, Oxford, where she received an Exhibition, in 2000, Clooney graduated with a BA degree in Jurisprudence from St. Hughs College, Oxford. The following year, in 2001, she entered New York University School of Law to study for the LLM degree and she received the Jack J. Katz Memorial Award for excellence in entertainment law. For one semester while at NYU, she worked in the office of Sonia Sotomayor, Clooney is qualified to practice as a lawyer in the United States and the United Kingdom. She was admitted to the Bar in New York in 2002 and she has also practised at international courts in The Hague including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court. Clooney worked at Sullivan & Cromwell in New York City for three years as part of the Criminal Defense and Investigations Group, where her clients included Enron, in 2004, she completed a judicial clerkship at the International Court of Justice. She clerked under Judge Vladen S. Vereshchetin from Russia, Judge Nabil Elaraby from Egypt and she was subsequently based in The Hague working in the Office of the Prosecutor at the UN Special Tribunal for Lebanon and at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Clooney returned to Britain in 2010, where she became a barrister in London at Doughty Street Chambers, for the spring 2015 and 2016 academic semesters, Clooney was a visiting faculty member and a senior fellow with Columbia Law Schools Human Rights Institute. She was a co-professor with Sarah H. Cleveland in Clevelands course on human rights, as of 2011, Clooney was assisting the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the arbitration between Merck Sharp and Dohme and the Republic of Ecuador. Starting in 2014, Clooney represented Canadian Al Jazeera English journalist Mohamed Fahmy who and he was eventually sentenced to three years in prison and lost a retrial in August 2015 before finally being pardoned by Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. In August 2014, Clooney declined a UN commission In October 2014, in May 2015, Greece decided to stop legal proceedings to recover the sculptures and dismissed her as their brief. In January 2015, Clooney began work on the recognition of the Armenian Genocide and she is representing Armenia on behalf of Doughty Street Chambers along with Geoffrey Robertson QC. She is representing Armenia in the case against Doğu Perinçek, whose 2007 conviction for genocide denial and racial discrimination was overturned in Perinçek v. Switzerland, a minor internet frenzy resulted from her bon mot prior to the 28 January 2015 hearing. In response to a journalist pestering her over what designer gown she would be wearing in court, arroyo was a sitting Pampanga congresswoman at the timeAmal Clooney – Clooney in May 2014
2. University of Oxford – The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris, after disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge. The two ancient universities are frequently referred to as Oxbridge. The university is made up of a variety of institutions, including 38 constituent colleges, All the colleges are self-governing institutions within the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities. Being a city university, it not have a main campus, instead, its buildings. Oxford is the home of the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the worlds oldest and most prestigious scholarships, the university operates the worlds oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system in Britain. Oxford has educated many notable alumni, including 28 Nobel laureates,27 Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, the University of Oxford has no known foundation date. Teaching at Oxford existed in form as early as 1096. It grew quickly in 1167 when English students returned from the University of Paris, the historian Gerald of Wales lectured to such scholars in 1188 and the first known foreign scholar, Emo of Friesland, arrived in 1190. The head of the university had the title of chancellor from at least 1201, the university was granted a royal charter in 1248 during the reign of King Henry III. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled from the violence to Cambridge, the students associated together on the basis of geographical origins, into two nations, representing the North and the South. In later centuries, geographical origins continued to many students affiliations when membership of a college or hall became customary in Oxford. At about the time, private benefactors established colleges as self-contained scholarly communities. Among the earliest such founders were William of Durham, who in 1249 endowed University College, thereafter, an increasing number of students lived in colleges rather than in halls and religious houses. In 1333–34, an attempt by some dissatisfied Oxford scholars to found a new university at Stamford, Lincolnshire was blocked by the universities of Oxford and Cambridge petitioning King Edward III. Thereafter, until the 1820s, no new universities were allowed to be founded in England, even in London, thus, Oxford and Cambridge had a duopoly, the new learning of the Renaissance greatly influenced Oxford from the late 15th century onwards. Among university scholars of the period were William Grocyn, who contributed to the revival of Greek language studies, and John Colet, the noted biblical scholar. With the English Reformation and the breaking of communion with the Roman Catholic Church, recusant scholars from Oxford fled to continental Europe, as a centre of learning and scholarship, Oxfords reputation declined in the Age of Enlightenment, enrolments fell and teaching was neglectedUniversity of Oxford – Balliol College – one of the university's oldest constituent colleges
3. Emma Watson – Emma Charlotte Duerre Watson is a British actress, model, and activist. Born in Paris and brought up in Oxfordshire, Watson attended the Dragon School and she rose to prominence after landing her first professional acting role as Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter film series, having acted only in school plays previously. Watson appeared in all eight Harry Potter films from 2001 to 2011, earning fame, critical accolades. Watson continued to work outside of the Harry Potter films, lending her voice to The Tale of Despereaux, in 2017, she portrayed Belle in a live-action adaptation of Beauty and the Beast. Her modelling work has included campaigns for Burberry and Lancôme, as a fashion consultant, she helped create a line of clothing for People Tree. She was honoured by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 2014 and that same year, she was appointed as a UN Women Goodwill Ambassador and helped launch the UN Women campaign HeForShe, which calls for men to advocate gender equality. Watson was born in Paris, France, the daughter of English lawyers Jacqueline Luesby, Watson lived in Paris until the age of five. Her parents separated when she was young, following their divorce, Watson has stated that she speaks some French, though not as well as she used to. After moving to Oxford with her mother and brother, she attended the Dragon School in Oxford, remaining there until 2003. From the age of six, she wanted to become an actress, and trained at the Oxford branch of Stagecoach Theatre Arts, a theatre school where she studied singing, dancing. Following the Dragon School, Watson moved on to Headington School, while on film sets, she and her peers were tutored for up to five hours a day. In June 2006, she took GCSE school examinations in ten subjects, achieving eight A*, in 1999, casting began for Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone, the film adaptation of British author J. K. Rowlings best-selling novel. Casting agents found Watson through her Oxford theatre teacher, and producers were impressed by her confidence, rowling supported Watson from her first screen test. The release of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone in 2001 was Watsons debut screen performance, the film broke records for opening-day sales and opening-weekend takings and was the highest-grossing film of 2001. Critics praised the performances of the three leads, often singling out Watson for particular acclaim, The Daily Telegraph called her performance admirable, Watson was nominated for five awards for her performance in Philosophers Stone, winning the Young Artist Award for Leading Young Actress. A year later, Watson again starred as Hermione in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, reviewers praised the lead actors performances. The Los Angeles Times said Watson and her peers had matured between films, while The Times criticised director Chris Columbus for under-employing Watsons hugely popular character, Watson received an Otto Award from the German magazine Bravo for her performance. In 2004, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was released, Watson was appreciative of the more assertive role Hermione played, calling her character charismatic and a fantastic role to playEmma Watson – Watson at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival
4. George Clooney – George Timothy Clooney is an American actor, filmmaker, and activist. He has received three Golden Globe Awards for his work as an actor and two Academy Awards, one for acting in Syriana and the other for co-producing Argo, in 1999, he took the lead role in Three Kings, a well-received war satire set during the Gulf War. In 2001, Clooneys fame widened with the release of his biggest commercial success, the heist comedy remake Oceans Eleven, in 2013, he received the Academy Award for Best Picture for producing the political thriller Argo. He is the person who has been nominated for Academy Awards in six different categories. In 2009, Clooney was included in Times annual Time 100 as one of the Most Influential People in the World and he is also noted for his political activism, and has served as one of the United Nations Messengers of Peace since January 31,2008. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Clooney was born in Lexington, Kentucky. His mother, Nina Bruce, was a beauty queen and city councilwoman and his father, Nick Clooney, is a former anchorman and game show host who hosted AMC for five years in the late 1990s. Clooney has Irish, German, and English ancestry and his maternal great-great-great-great-grandmother, Mary Ann Sparrow, was the half-sister of Nancy Lincoln, mother of President Abraham Lincoln. Clooney has a sister named Adelia. His aunt was the cabaret singer and actress Rosemary Clooney. Through Rosemary, his cousins include actors Miguel Ferrer, Rafael Ferrer, and Gabriel Ferrer, Clooney was raised a strict Roman Catholic, but said in 2006 that he does not know if he believes in Heaven, or even God. He has said, Yes, we were Catholic, big time, whole family and he began his education at the Blessed Sacrament School in Fort Mitchell, Kentucky. He attended St. Michaels School in Columbus, Ohio, then Western Row Elementary School in Mason, Ohio, from 1968 to 1974, and St. Susanna School in Mason, the Clooneys moved back to Kentucky when George was midway through the seventh grade. In middle school, Clooney developed Bells palsy, a condition that partially paralyzes the face, the malady went away within a year. In an interview with Larry King, he stated that yes and it takes about nine months to go away. It was the first year of school, which was a bad time for having half your face paralyzed. After his parents moved to Augusta, Kentucky, Clooney attended Augusta High School and he has stated that he earned all As and a B in school, and was an enthusiastic baseball and basketball player. He tried out to professional baseball with the Cincinnati Reds in 1977George Clooney – Clooney at a ceremony for John Wells in January 2012
5. Gerrards Cross – Gerrards Cross is a town and civil parish in the South Bucks district of Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the south of the county, separated from the London Borough of Hillingdon at Harefield by Denham, London is centred 19 miles east. Geographically large and suburban, Gerrards Cross is south of Chalfont St Peter and north of Fulmer, the town name is new compared with the great bulk of English towns. It is named after the Gerrard family who in the early 17th century owned a manor here, at that time homes which were not farms were smallholdings clustered in a hamlet in the south of an elongated parish of Chalfont St Peter. The large and distinctive parish church is dedicated to St. James, in 1969 the singer Lulu married Maurice Gibb of the Bee Gees in the church. The actress Margaret Rutherford is buried with her husband Stringer Davis in the St James Church graveyard, the town has its own library, various restaurants and its own cinema, the Everyman Gerrards Cross. Independent schools include Maltmans Green School, St Marys, Gayhurst, on the south side of the town is the Gerrards Cross Memorial Building, on the site of the former vicarage. The building was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and unveiled in 1922 to commemorate the losses during the First World War. It is the example of a Lutyens war memorial designed with a functional purpose. Just outside Gerrards Cross, on the A40 to Beaconsfield, is Wapseys Wood landfill site, one of the largest landfill sites in the UK and it accepts up to 900,000 tonnes of non hazardous waste each year from south Buckinghamshire, London and other areas. The landfill gas produced from the waste yields over 10 megawatts of electricity which is fed into the power grid, the town has a railway station on the Chiltern Main Line which opened on 2 April 1906. This provides services to London and Birmingham with a time of about 25 minutes to London Marylebone. A new arch over the section of deep railway cutting to allow Tesco to build a supermarket collapsed on 30 June 2005 at 19,30, nobody was injured but the line was closed for over six weeks. Compensation by Tesco to Chiltern was reported as £8. 5m, construction of a correctly constructed arch began in January 2009. This train now terminates at West Ruislip, in 2011 National Rail was lobbied to phase the service out. The town is 14 miles from Londons Heathrow Airport, stanley Kubrick filmed some of the exteriors in his feature 1962 film Lolita, notably Charlotte Hazes house, in Gerrards Cross. Jethro Tulls song Journeyman on their 1978 album Heavy Horses includes the line Too late to stop for tea at Gerrards Cross, indie band the Hit Parade released their 3rd single The Sun Shines In Gerrards Cross in 1986. Joan G. Robinson, author and illustrator, lived in Gerrards Cross and her most well-known book is When Marnie Was There, which was adapted into an animated film by Studio GhibliGerrards Cross – Gerrards Cross village centre.
6. Sonning – Sonning is a village and civil parish in Berkshire, England, on the River Thames, east of Reading. The village was described by Jerome K. Jerome in his book Three Men in a Boat as the most fairy-like little nook on the whole river and it is now much smaller and triangular shaped. The ecclesiastical parish of Sonning continues to include Sonning, Charvil, the north-western boundary is formed by the River Thames before passing through the middle of the Thames Valley Park. The southern border follows the railway line, the northern corner of the parish consists of very low-lying land adjoining the River. The Sonning Golf Course sits in the south-east corner, with Holme Park, Sonning Hill and the park in the south-west. Sonning village is at a point of the River Thames. Just upstream of the bridge is Sonning Lock, the old village is now joined to further housing along Pound Lane and the A4 Bath Road. It lies some three miles east of the town of Reading. In other directions this would put it within the Reading suburban sprawl, see also Sonning Lock The main road through Sonning is the B478, running from the Bridge to the Charvil roundabout on the A4. The B4446 runs north from the A4 to the village, the A4 itself passes through the south of the parish, as does the main Reading to Paddington railway line, though there is no station. On the Thames, there are moorings at Sonning, both above and below the lock, as well as in the weir stream, Sonning is a civil parish with an elected parish council of nine councillors. It falls within the area of the authority of Wokingham. The parish council and the authority are responsible for different aspects of local government. Sonning is twinned with Ligugé, France, the village has an active Twinning Association and the lane to the village primary school is called Ligugé Way. The place-name Sonning seems to contain an Old English personal name, Sunna, + ingas, the village of the people called after. so probably, homestead/village of Sunnas people. Sonning appears in the Domesday survey of 1086 as Soninges, the historical name of the village is Sunning, derived from the name of the Old English Sunna. Older, more traditional villagers still pronounce the name of the village in this way, in Anglo-Saxon times, the village was of considerable importance as the lesser centre of the bishopric of Ramsbury, sometimes called the see of Ramsbury and Sonning. The church was a cathedral and the present structure, St Andrews ChurchSonning – St Andrew's Church
7. Mohamed Nasheed – Mohamed Nasheed, GCSK is a Maldivian politician, human rights and environmental activist, who served as the fourth President of the Maldives from 2008 to 2012. He was the first democratically elected president of the Maldives and one of the founders of the Maldivian Democratic Party, Nasheed assumed office on 11 November 2008. On 7 February 2012, Nasheed resigned as president under disputed circumstances, following weeks of protests by the opposition, the Maldives Commission of National Inquiry reported that it had found no evidence to support Nasheeds version of events. On 30 August 2014, Nasheed was elected as the President of the Maldivian Democratic Party, in March 2015, Nasheed was convicted under the Anti-Terrorism Act of Maldives for arresting Criminal Court Judge Abdulla Mohamed while president and sentenced to 13 years at Maafushi Prison. In 2016, Nasheed was given asylum in the United Kingdom, Nasheed was born in Malé, Maldives, to a middle-class family. He attended Majeediyya School in Maldives between 1971 and 1981 and he continued his secondary school education at Colombo International School in Sri Lanka from 1981 to 1982 until he completed his GCE O Levels. In August 1982 he moved to England, where he completed his secondary education at Dauntseys School in Wiltshire. Straight after his GCE A Levels, Nasheed moved north to Liverpool, Nasheed was held in prison for an article in the political magazine Sangu, published in 1991, alleging the government had rigged the 1989 General election. He was named an Amnesty International prisoner of conscience in 1991 and he has stated that he was tortured while in detention, including being chained to a chair outside for 12 days and forced to eat food containing crushed glass. He was later alleged by the government, to have information about a bombing plot. On 8 April 1992, he was sentenced to three years in prison on that charge and he was released in June 1993, then re-arrested in 1994 and 1995. In 1996 he was sentenced to two years imprisonment for an article he had written about the 1993 and 1994 Maldivian elections, in all, he was arrested more than twenty times during Gayooms rule, missing the births of both of his daughters. During his time in jail, he spent significant amounts of time studying, producing three books on Maldivian history, in 1999, he was elected as a Member of Parliament representing Malé. However, he was forced to leave office on a charge that the BBC. In September 2003 Nasheed requested that a view the body of Hassan Evan Naseem. The subsequent investigation revealed that Naseem had been tortured to death, in November 2003 Nasheed left the Maldives and joined Mohamed Latheef to help establish the Maldivian Democratic Party, in self-exile, in Sri Lanka and the UK. He was recognised as a refugee by the British government in 2004. After about 18 months, Nasheed returned to Malé on 30 April 2005, after returning to the Maldives, he began promoting the MDP before it was officially recognised by the GovernmentMohamed Nasheed – Mohamed Nasheed محمد نشید
8. Geoffrey Robertson – Geoffrey Ronald Robertson QC is a human rights barrister, academic, author and broadcaster. He holds dual Australian and British citizenship, Robertson is a founder and joint head of Doughty Street Chambers. He serves as a Master of the Bench at the Middle Temple, a recorder, Robertson was born in Sydney, Australia, and grew up in the suburb of Eastwood, attending Epping Boys High School. In 2006 he was awarded a degree of Doctor of Laws by the University of Sydney. In 1990, Robertson married the author Kathy Lette, and they together in London with their children. They had met in 1988 during the filming of an episode of Hypothetical for ABC Television, Robertson was dating Nigella Lawson at the time, in his 2010 Whos Who entry, he lists his hobbies as tennis, opera and fishing. Robertson became a barrister in 1973, and was appointed QC in 1988 and he also defended the artist J. S. G. Boggs from a private prosecution brought by the Bank of England regarding his depictions of British currency. He has also acted in well known cases, including defending The Guardian against Neil Hamilton MP. Robertson was threatened by terrorists for representing Salman Rushdie, during the ten-day trial at the Old Bailey Hain dismissed his QCs, but retained Robertson and another as advisers, before being convicted and fined £200. He was also employed to defend John Stonehouse after his attempt at faking his own death in 1974. In March 2000 in the Independent Schools Tribunal, sitting at the Royal Courts of Justice, he successfully defended A. S. Neills Summerhill School, a private free school. The proceedings were brought by OFSTED on behalf of David Blunkett, the Education Minister, the case was later dramatised by Tiger Aspect Productions in a TV series entitled Summerhill and broadcast on BBC Four and CBBC. In August 2000, Robertson was retained by the boxing champion Mike Tyson for a hearing before the British Boxing Board of Control. The disciplinary hearing related to 2 counts relating to Tysons behaviour after his 38-second victory over Lou Savarese in Glasgow in June that year, Tyson escaped a ban from fighting in Britain. Robertson successfully deployed a defence of freedom of expression for Tyson, the first use before the BBBofC, in 2002 he defended Dow Jones in Dow Jones & Co. Inc. V Gutnick, a case where Joseph Gutnick, an Australian mining magnate, Gutnick successfully applied to the Australian High Court, requesting for the case to be heard in Australia rather than the United States, where the First Amendment protects free speech. Robertson then appealed the case to the United Nations Human Rights Committee and he established the principle of qualified privilege for the protection of journalists in war crimes courts. In 2006 Geoffrey Robertson successfully defended The Wall Street Journal in Jameel v Wall Street Journal Europe, Jameel, who was represented by Carter-Ruck, was originally awarded £40,000 in damages but this was overturned in favour of the WSJGeoffrey Robertson – At the 2009 Ideas Festival, Brisbane
9. Lebanese diaspora – Lebanese diaspora refers to Lebanese migrants and their descendants who, whether by choice or coercion, emigrated from Lebanon and now reside in other countries. There are more Lebanese living outside of Lebanon, than within, the majority of the diaspora population consists of Lebanese Christians and Lebanese Muslims, however, there are some who are Druze, or Jewish. They trace their origin to several waves of Christian emigration, starting with the exodus that followed the 1860 Lebanon conflict in Ottoman Syria, under the current Lebanese nationality law, diaspora Lebanese do not have an automatic right of return to Lebanon. Although there are no figures, the diaspora is estimated to be around 14 million people. According to other estimates the number of Lebanese living outside the country is thought to at the very least double the number of living inside. Of the diaspora,1.2 million are Lebanese citizens, the Lebanese diaspora, while historically trade-related, has more recently been linked to the Lebanese Civil War, with many Lebanese emigrating to Western countries. Because of the opportunities, many Lebanese have also worked in the Arab World, most notably Arab states of the Persian Gulf like Saudi Arabia. Currently around 60% of Lebanese citizens resident in Lebanon are Muslim, the Americas have long been a destination for Lebanese migration, with Lebanese arriving in some countries at least as early as the nineteenth century. The population of Brazil of either full or partial Lebanese descent is estimated at 7 million people by Arab-Brazilian organizations. According to a research conducted by IBGE in 2008, covering only the states of Amazonas, Paraíba, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso and Distrito Federal,0. Many Lebanese have also settled for quite some time in the United States, Canada, Australia. There are also populations in francophone West Africa, particularly Ivory Coast. Lebanese abroad are not presently permitted the right to vote in Lebanese elections, a law passed in late 2008 gives expatriates the right to vote in elections in 2013. Many Lebanese entrepreneurs and business people worldwide have proved successful, in all kinds of sectors. Therefore, Lebanese abroad are considered rich, educated and influential, remittances from Lebanese abroad to family members within the country were estimated at $8.9 billion in 2014 and accounted for 18% of the countrys economy. Though, there remains an untapped potential for further collaboration and cooperation between the diaspora and the Lebanese in their home-country. Foreign Direct Investment is indeed below 7% of GDP while almost half the Lebanese population is enrolled in tertiary education. Throughout their history, the Lebanese diaspora used their Lebanese identity to create strong networks to each other out and many used them to develop a productiveLebanese diaspora
10. Lebanese people – The Lebanese people are the people inhabiting or originating from Lebanon. The religious groups among the Lebanese people are Shias, Sunnis, Maronites, Greek Orthodox, Druze, Melkites, there is a large diaspora in North America, South America, Europe, Australia and Africa. The term may include those who had inhabited Mount Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountains prior to the creation of the modern Lebanese state. As the relative proportion of the various sects is politically sensitive and it is therefore difficult to have an exact demographic analysis of Lebanese society. The largest concentration of people of Lebanese ancestry may be in Brazil having a population of 5. The Lebanese have always traveled the world, many of them settling permanently, descendants of Lebanese Christians make up the majority of Lebanese people worldwide, appearing principally in the diaspora. As the second of two languages of Judaism, Aramaic was also retained as a language in the sphere of religion among Lebanese Jews. Arab influence, nevertheless, applies to all aspects of the modern Lebanese culture. The total population of Lebanese people is estimated at 13-18 million, of these, the vast majority, or 8.6 -14 million, are in the Lebanese diaspora, and approximately 4.3 million in Lebanon itself. There are approximately 4.3 million Lebanese people in Lebanon, in addition to this figure, there are an additional 1 million foreign workers, mainly Syrians and about 400,000 Palestinian refugees in the nation. Lebanon is also a multi-ethnic society, prominent ethnic minorities in the country include the Armenians, the Kurds, the Turks, the Assyrians, the Iranians and many European ethnicities. The Lebanese diaspora consists of approximately 8.6 -14 million, the majority of the Lebanese in the diaspora are Christians, disproportionately so in the Americas where the vast majority reside. An estimate figure show that they represent about 75% of the Lebanese in total, Lebanese abroad are considered rich, educated and influential and over the course of time immigration has yielded Lebanese commercial networks throughout the world. The largest number of Lebanese is to be found in Brazil, in the rest of the Americas, significant communities are found in Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela, with almost every other Latin American country having at least a small presence. In Africa, Ghana and the Ivory Coast are home to over 100,000 Lebanese, there are significant Lebanese populations in other countries throughout Western and Central Africa. Australia hosts over 180,000 and Canada 250,000, in the Arab world, the Arab states of the Persian Gulf harbour around 400,000 Lebanese. Lebanese people also can be found in all of the 28 member states of the European Union, more than 2,500 ex-SLA members remain in Israel. They are denoted ** for this purpose, Lebanon has several different main religionsLebanese people – Estephan El Douaihy · Bashir Shihab II · Youssef Bey Karam · Charbel · Elias Peter Hoayek · Gibran Khalil Gibran · Camille Chamoun · Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah · Fairuz · Rafic Hariri · Michel Suleiman · Amin Maalouf · Mario Kassar · Rabih Abou-Khalil · Haifa Wehbe · Youssef Mohamad · Myriam Fares · Nancy Ajram
11. The Mill at Sonning – The Mill at Sonning is a theatre and restaurant, converted from an 18th-century flour mill, on an island in the River Thames at Sonning Eye in the English county of Oxfordshire. The river divides into three, with the mill race forming the middle branch, spanned by one of the Sonning Backwater Bridges just downstream of the mill, the original mill was established much earlier and was mentioned in the Domesday Book. Close by is the French Horn hotel, also on the river, the theatre has a small hydroelectric generator of 18.5 kW capacity, commissioned in June 2005. This was the first such installation on the Thames, predating the one at Windsor Castle, the theatres first artistic director was Peter Egan. Productions have included performances by Anthony Valentine, Judi Dench, June Whitfield, Adam Faith, Michael Denison, Dulcie Gray, John Junkin, the Mill adjoins the Mill House, a 17th-century house acquired by the American film actor George Clooney and his wife Amal Clooney in 2014. List of dinner theaters The Mill at Sonning website The Mill at Sonning on theatresonline. comThe Mill at Sonning – Entrance to the Mill theatre-restaurant in Sonning Eye.
12. Great House at Sonning – The Great House at Sonning is a hotel and restaurant with a riverside garden on the River Thames near Sonning Bridge at Sonning, Berkshire, England. It is possible for patrons to moor along the towpath running past the hotel on the river. It was formerly a house, known as the White Hart because King Richard IIs wife. In 1989, the original White Hart was combined with The Red House, previously a home on Lees Hill where the dramatist Sir Terence Rattigan resided during 1945–47. On the opposite side of the road are Deanery Garden and St Andrews Church, close by, just over Sonning Bridge, is The Mill at Sonning, now a dinner theatre. On the opposite Oxfordshire bank of the Thames is another hotel and restaurant. The Great House has undergone a remarkable transformation, the Hotel will be completed in November 2016. All bedrooms have been refurbished following significant investment and new owners, the new Events Space opens its doors in December 2016. A beautiful setting right on the river, French Horn at Sonning Mill at Sonning The Bull at Sonning Great House at Sonning websiteGreat House at Sonning – The Great House at Sonning from the road.
13. Bull Inn, Sonning – The Bull Inn, also known as The Bull at Sonning or just The Bull, is an historic public house — now also a restaurant and hotel — in the centre of the village of Sonning in Berkshire, England. Traditionally, the Bull was owned by the Bishop of Salisbury, the name stems from bulls which supported the coat of arms of Sir Henry Neville. He was steward at the palace after it was sold to Queen Elizabeth I, the inn was featured in Jerome K. Jeromes book Three Men in a Boat, If you stop at Sonning, put up at the Bull, behind the church. The two storey timber-framed building dates from the late 16th century with 19th/20th century additions and it was Grade II* listed in 1967. Opposite is a well-hidden Lutyens-designed house, Deanery Garden, great House at Sonning Sonning Bishops Palace The Barley Mow, Clifton Hampden, also mentioned in Three Men in a Boat Historic EnglandBull Inn, Sonning – Evening view of the Bull Inn.
14. Angela Sarafyan – Angela Sarafyan is an Armenian American actress. She is sometimes credited as Angela Sarafian and she portrays Clementine Pennyfeather on the HBO series Westworld. Sarafyan was born in Yerevan, Armenian SSR, when she was four, she moved with her parents to the United States, settling in Los Angeles. Her father, Grigor Sarafyan, is an actor and her mother is a painter and she did ballet and played piano as a child. In 2008, she had a role in the USA Network series In Plain Sight. In 2010 Sarafyan joined the cast of The Good Guys, playing offbeat and she appeared in Lost & Found in Armenia in 2012. Sarafyan has acted in the films, On the Doll, Kabluey, The Informers, A Beautiful Life, A Good Old Fashioned Orgy. She played the role of Egyptian vampire Tia in The Twilight Saga, Breaking Dawn – Part 2 and she plays Clementine Pennyfeather on HBOs Westworld. Angela Sarafyan at the Internet Movie DatabaseAngela Sarafyan – Sarafyan at the 2011 Tribeca Film Festival premiere of A Good Old Fashioned Orgy
15. Armenian Genocide recognition – Armenian Genocide recognition is the formal acceptance that the systematic massacres and forced deportation of Armenians committed by the Ottoman Empire from 1915 to 1923 constituted genocide. The consensus of historians and academic institutions on Holocaust and genocide studies recognize the Armenian Genocide and his report was received and noted by a resolution at the 38th session of the Sub-Commission in 1985. In 2015, Pope Francis said that the Armenian Genocide was considered the first genocide of the 20th century, Turkey responded by accusing the Pope of having a crusader mentality against the country. The Vatican strongly denied this, claiming that the Pope had actually called for reconciliation between Armenians and Turks, the IAGS has consistently identified the Ottoman massacres of Armenians as genocide. Bush to do in a letter dated March 18,2005, in 2007 the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity wrote a letter signed by 53 Nobel Laureates re-affirming the Genocide Scholars conclusion that the 1915 killings of Armenians constituted genocide. It had previously done so in 1987,2000,2002 and 2005, the European Parliament commended the message the pontiff had delivered. The Council of Europe recognized the Armenian Genocide on May 14,2001, on November 7,1989 the Union for Reform Judaism passed a resolution on recognition of the Armenian Genocide. On reflection, we have come to share the view of Henry Morgenthau, if the word genocide had existed then, they would have called it genocide. In 2014 the American Jewish Committee recognized the Armenian Genocide as a historical fact, in October 2015, the Jewish Council for Public Affairs published a resolution calling on the U. S. government to recognize the World War I-era Turkish massacres of Armenians as a genocide. The Central Council of Jews in Germany has called on the German government to recognize the World War I mass murder of one million Armenians in what was then the Ottoman Empire as a genocide. One hundred years ago, in the government of the Ottoman Empire ordered the deportation of one million Armenians and they were murdered directly, or died of starvation and dehydration in the desert, Central Council President Josef Schuster told the newspaper Der Tagesspiegel. He added, These terrible events should be called what they were, Schuster said the Armenian genocide later served Adolf Hitler and his Nazis as a blueprint for the Holocaust. The Zentralrat is the German affiliate of the World Jewish Congress, on March 3,2015, the European Peoples Party adopted a resolution recognising and condemning the Armenian Genocide as well as paying tribute to the victims in the 100th anniversary. The EPP, which is the largest European political party, has adopted the following the initiative of its sister parties from Armenia. On June 20,2014, the Presbyterian Church adopted a resolution recognizing the Armenian Genocide and it also directed the churchs Mission Agency to prepare educational and liturgical resources for member churches in preparation for this event. This resolution was the first of its kind for a major American church body, during the second half of the 20th century and the 21st century parliaments of several countries have formally recognized the event as genocide. Turkish entry talks with the European Union were met with a number of calls to consider the event as genocide, as of February 2017,28 states had officially recognized the historical events as genocide. Additionally, the City of Ryde has adopted a unanimous motion dedicated to the centenary of the Armenian Genocide at its Council Meeting on April 14,2015, the motion further calls on the Government of Australia to recognize and condemn all genocidesArmenian Genocide recognition – Catholicos Karekin II and Archbishop Rowan Williams at the Armenian Genocide monument in Yerevan
16. Akris – Akris is a Swiss fashion house specializing in luxury goods for women designed by Creative Director Albert Kriemler. Akris was founded in 1922 by Alice Kriemler-Schoch in St. Gallen, Switzerland, the company initially made simple, dotted aprons that were crafted by Kriemler-Schoch on a single sewing machine. The company grew significantly and began producing ready-to-wear clothing, following the lead of Max Kriemler, Akris also produced clothes for French designers Givenchy and Ted Lapidus. However, in 1980, Max Kriemlers right-hand man died, Albert would never complete his fashion education, within those two years, he had already begun to take over the company. Peter Kriemler, Alberts brother, joined Akris in 1987 after studies at St. Gallen University on law, Peter is now Akriss global CEO, handling management and manufacturing. Peter Kriemler is credited with bringing the Akris collection to Asia with subsidiaries in Japan and Korea, as well as developing the worldwide network of directly operated stores. Since 2004, the Akris collection is shown during Paris fashion week - the only Swiss house in the Fédération française de la couture,1922 Akris founded by Alice Kriemler-Schoch. 1944 Max Kriemler joins the company, Akris is transforned into a ready-to-wear brand. 1980 Albert Kriemler joins the company at the age of 19,1985 Development of the current Akris company logo. 1987 Peter Kriemler joins the company, official takeover of management by both brothers in the third generation. While Albert is wholly responsible for creation and the impact of the company, Peter controls management and production. 1988 Sales debut of Akris at Bergdorf Goodman in New York,1995 First global advertising campaign with US photographer Steven Klein, New York, and model Stella Tennant. 1996 Launch of the Designer Sportswear Collection Akris punto,1996 Opening of the first Akris boutique in Paris and Boston. Mid-1990s Expansion to the department stores in the U. S. A. with partners Neiman Marcus, Saks Fifth Avenue,1996 Akris becomes a member of the Fédération Française de la Couture, du Prêt-à-Porter des Couturiers et des Créateurs de Mode. It is one of the few couturiers in this organization, such as Dries van Noten. 1999 Opening of the first Akris Boutique in Seoul, Korea,2000 Opening of Namiki Dori, Ginza, the first Akris Boutique in Tokyo, Japan. 2001 Opening of the boutique in Paris on Avenue Montaigne,2002 Founding of the subsidiary Akris Japan Ltd. with headquarters in Tokyo. 2003 Opening of a boutique on Kohlmarkt in Vienna, Austria,2004 First official press defile in ParisAkris – Akris
17. Druze in Lebanon – Druze in Lebanon refers to adherents of the Druze faith, an ethnoreligious esoteric group originating from the Near East who self identify as unitarians. The Lebanese Druze people are believed to constitute about 5% of the population of Lebanon. The Druze, who refer to themselves as al-Muwahhideen, or believers in one God, are concentrated in the rural, mountainous areas east, under the Lebanese political division the Druze community is designated as one of the five Lebanese Muslim communities. Lebanons constitution was intended to guarantee representation for each of the nations ethno-religious groups. Under the terms of an agreement known as the National Pact between the various political and religious leaders of Lebanon, the Chief of the General Staff must be a Druze. The Druze faith is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion that follows the Five Pillars of Islam, however, certain Muslim groups regard them as Rawafid or Deserters of true Islamic faith. However, other sources claim that the Druze faith does not follow the Five Pillars of Islam, fasting during the month of Ramadan, thus, they are not regarded by Muslims as Islamic and are seen as Rawafid or Deserters of true Islamic faith. The Druze beliefs incorporate elements of Ismailism, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, the Druze call themselves Ahl al-Tawhid People of Unitarianism or Monotheism or al-Muwaḥḥidūn. The Druze follow a style of isolation where no conversion is allowed, neither out of, or into. When Druze live among people of religions, they try to blend in, in order to protect their religion. They can pray as Muslims, or as Christians, depending on where they are and this system is apparently changing in modern times, where more security has allowed Druze to be more open about their religious belonging. Before and during the Lebanese Civil War, the Druze were in favor of Pan-Arabism, jumblatts post-2005 position diverged sharply from the tradition of his family. He also accused Damascus of being behind the 1977 assassination of his father, Kamal Jumblatt, the BBC describes Jumblatt as the smartest leader of Lebanons most powerful Druze clan and heir to a leftist political dynasty. The second largest political party supported by Druze is the Lebanese Democratic Party led by Prince Talal Arslan, in May 10,2008 as part of the 2008 Conflict, clashes occurred between Hezbollah forces and Druze militias in their mountain resulting is casualties on both sides. The clashes started in Aytat, near Kayfoun and soon expanded to many spots in Mount Lebanon including Baysur, Shuweifat. Most of the fighting was concentrated on Hill 888, after negotiations a ceasefire was called in from outside the country before Hezbollah could call in artillery support. Releases from Hezbollah leaders in 2016 stated that bombing the mountain with close-range artillery from the South, Hill 888 remains under Hezbollahs banner today with reports of heavy artillery pieces being moved in that can strike any point within the mountain. The Druze, who refer to themselves as al-Muwahhideen, or believers in one God, are concentrated in the rural, mountainous areas east and south of BeirutDruze in Lebanon
18. List of Lebanese Americans – This is a list of notable individuals born in the United States of Lebanese ancestry and/or people of Lebanese and American dual nationality who live or resided in the United States. E. Frédéric Fekkai – French-American hairdresser and founder of Frédéric Fekkai salons and hair products Alec Gores – entrepreneur Tom Gores – founder, abboud – politician from Illinois James Abdnor – former U. S. Representative from South Dakota James Abourezk – former U. S, senator from South Dakota Malouf Abraham, Sr. – politician and businessman Spencer Abraham – former U. S. Senator from Michigan Victor G. Atiyeh – former Governor of Oregon John Baldacci – former Governor of the State of Maine Charles Boustany – U. S. Representative from Louisiana Chris Greeley – former Maine state representative Philip Habib – former U. S. Ambassador, representative from New York since 2011 Darrell Issa – U. S. Representative from California Chris John – former U. S, representative from Louisiana Abraham Kazen, Jr. – former U. S. Representative from Texas Darin LaHood – Republican representative from Illinois Nico LaHood – Bexar County District Attorney, representative from Illinois Manuel Maloof – former U. S. government official and businessman George J. Mitchell – former U. S. Senator from Maine Toby Moffett – former U. S, representative from Connecticut Ralph Nader – political activist and former U. S. presidential candidate Mary Rose Oakar – former U. S. Representative from Ohio Jeanine Pirro – politician, judge and television host Nick Rahall – U. S, representative from New Hampshire John H. S. Senator Edward Kennedy Timothy Massad – U. S. SList of Lebanese Americans – Ralph Nader • Christa McAuliffe • Jamie Farr Helen Thomas • Darrell Issa • Tiffany Tony Shalhoub • John E. Sununu • James Abourezk Rima Fakih • Ray LaHood • Marlo Thomas
19. Luis Moreno Ocampo – Luis Gabriel Moreno Ocampo is an Argentine lawyer and the first Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. He previously worked as a prosecutor in Argentina, where he gained fame by representing the public face of the prosecution in the officials in the Trial of the Juntas. Moreno Ocampo was an Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the University of Buenos Aires and he has acted as a consultant to the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank and the United Nations. He is a member of the advisory board of Transparency International. He was a Senior Fellow at the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs at Yale University for the semester of 2013. In 2011, The Atlantic included him among its Brave Thinkers, in that same year, Foreign Policy magazine designated him one of its 100 Top Global Thinkers, the magazine’s portrait of the world marketplace of ideas. Born in Buenos Aires, Moreno Ocampo graduated from the University of Buenos Aires Law School in 1978, from 1984 to 1992, Moreno Ocampo worked as a prosecutor in Argentina. He first came to attention in 1985, as Assistant Prosecutor in the Trial of the Juntas with Chief Prosecutor Julio César Strassera. This trial was the first since the Nuremberg Trials in which senior military commanders were prosecuted for mass killings, nine senior commanders, including three former heads of state, were prosecuted and five were convicted. In 1986-7, he was involved in the cases against the Junta’s subordinate commanders and officers, one of those trials, against two Chiefs of the Buenos Aires Police Force and 4 police officers involved in murders, kidnapping and tortures, ended in 1986. In 1987 he assisted the U. S. Attorneys Office in the process of General Guillermo Suarez Mason from California. In the late 1990s, he starred in a reality programme, Fórum, la corte del pueblo. On 21 April 2003, Moreno Ocampo was unanimously elected as the first Prosecutor of the new International Criminal Court and he was sworn in for a nine-year non-renewable term on 16 June 2003. The court publicly indicted 39 people, the ICC has issued arrest warrants for 31 individuals and summonses to eight others. Proceedings against 22 are ongoing, nine are at large as fugitives, four are under arrest but not in the Courts custody, eight are at trial, Moreno Ocampos term in office ended in June 2012, replaced by Fatou Bensouda of Gambia. Moreno Ocampo led an investigation against leaders of the Lords Resistance Army, Moreno Ocampo began implementing preliminary tests in Colombia, which involved evaluating prosecutions of paramilitary commanders in Colombia, interviews with victims of the FARC, among others. Moreno-Ocampo claimed that the FARC could be investigated for crimes against humanity and he visited Colombia in August, after which the ICC launched an investigation on the support network for FARC rebels outside Colombia. Moreno Ocampo agreed on 18 November 2008 to make all information available to the courtLuis Moreno Ocampo – Moreno Ocampo and Julio César Strassera face defendants during the 1985 Trial of the Juntas.
20. Paule Ka – PAULE KA is a French ready-to-wear brand, created in 1987 by Serge Cajfinger. Born in Lille in 1955, Serge Cajfinger spent his childhood in Brazil, in 1974, he opened a multi-brand store in Lille known as PAULE KA. Serge Cajfinger later left Lille for Paris to set up a label under the same name. The brands style is geometric and sober, sophisticated yet urban, with some lasting characteristics such as dresses, must-have bags. In 2007, State-owned fund Caisse des dépôts et consignations invested in PAULE KA, the fashion house set up its headquarters on the rue Saint Honoré in Paris and opened a store in Cannes. 2011 saw the arrival of Change Capital Partners, who were also to invest in PAULE KA, international development ensued 2012 with the opening of stores in China and across Europe as well as a showroom in New York. Fashion personalities such as Kate Middleton, Amal Clooney, Jessica Chastain, in 2010, he designed a capsule collection for La Redoute, the largest French mail order retailer, presented by Agyness DeynPaule Ka – Paule Ka
21. Sunni Islam in Lebanon – Sunni Islam in Lebanon has a history of more than a millennium. According to CIA study, Lebanese Sunni Muslims have followers who constitutes 27% of Lebanons population of approximately 4.3 million, the Lebanese Sunni Muslims are concentrated in west Beirut, Tripoli, Sidon and in the countryside of the Akkar. There is no distinct pattern that shows that one community carries significantly more Phoenician than another, genealogical DNA testing has shown that 24. 8% of Lebanese Muslims belong to the Y-DNA haplogroup J1. Although there is common ancestral roots, these studies show some difference was found between Muslims and non-Muslims in Lebanon, of whom only 17. 1% have this haplotype. On the other hand, only 4. 7% of all Lebanese Muslims belong to haplogroup R1b, haplogroup J2 is also a significant marker in throughout Lebanon. This marker found in inhabitants of Lebanon, regardless of religion, signals pre-Arab descendants. These genetic studies show us there is no significant differences between the Muslims and non-Muslims of Lebanon, the Sunnis of Lebanon have close ties with Saudi Arabia, which supports them financially. Moreover, Tripoli, the stronghold of the Lebanese Sunnis, is also the birthplace of Lebanons Salafi Movement, Sunni Muslims and Alawites have been in conflict with each other for centuries. The Alawites of the Levant were oppressed by the Sunni Ottoman Empire, after independence from France, their co-religionists the Assad family came to power in Syria in 1970. The deadliest exchange took place last June, when seven people were killed and more than 60 wounded, after Sunni Muslims staged a protest against the Assad regime. At the best of times, the Alawites are regarded by Sunnis as heretics, at times of tension, the last census in Lebanon in 1932 put the numbers of Sunnis at 22% of the population. A study done by the Central Intelligence Agency in 1985 put the numbers of Sunnis at 27% of the population, Lebanese Sunni Muslims constitutes 27% of Lebanons population of approximately 4.3 million, which means they amount to 1,160,00 as of 2012. Emir Khaled Chehab, former Prime Minister of Lebanon and Speaker of the Parliament of LebanonSunni Islam in Lebanon – An estimate of the distribution of Lebanon's main religious groups, 1991, based on a map by GlobalSecurity.org
22. Faculty of Law, University of Oxford – The Faculty of Law, Oxford is the law school of the University of Oxford which has a history of over 800 years of teaching and writing law. It offers the largest doctoral programme in Law in the English-speaking world, generally considered one of the most prestigious in the world, Oxfords law school is currently ranked second in the 2017 QS World University Rankings, behind only Harvard Law School. Oxford has produced a significant number of luminaries in law and politics, there were faculties of Civil Law and Canon Law in the medieval University. During the Reformation, Henry VIII prohibited the teaching of Canon Law, instead founding the Regius Chair of Civil Law, from then until the 19th century, the University awarded the Bachelor of Civil Law and the Doctor of Civil Law, through the Faculty of Civil Law. His lectures formed the basis for his Commentaries on the Laws of England and it was not until the 1870s that Oxford offered a degree in English law, the BA in Jurisprudence. Not long after, Cornelia Sorabji was the first woman to read Law at Oxford in 1889, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were prominent professors in Oxford such as Frederick Pollock, William Anson, and Albert Dicey. In the twentieth century, the BCL became a masters level degree and it has been claimed that the BCL at Oxford is the most highly regarded taught masters-level qualification in the common law world. In 2010 the MSc in Law and Finance was introduced and is taught jointly by the Faculty of Law, the MLF programme involves a combination of finance and economic courses combined with BCL law courses. Like the BCL taught at Oxford, entry into the MLF is highly competitive with on average less than fifteen per cent of applicants being accepted, the BA in Jurisprudence is Oxfords regular three year undergraduate law degree, equivalent to what in some universities would be called an LLB. It is also a law degree for the purpose of practice as a solicitor or barrister in England. Oxfords graduate law programme is unique, the BCL and MJur are the graduate law degrees in the world which are taught through tutorials as well as seminars. Oxfords graduate law students have contact with their teachers than on any LLM. Research students play a role in the intellectual life of the Faculty, collaborating in numerous discussion groups. Oxfords Law Faculty is considered one of the very best in the world and its acceptance rate was less than 15% in the 2014-15 academic cycle. Oxfords BCL programme has been described as the most highly regarded taught masters-level qualification in the common law world, a first-class in undergraduate degree in Law or equivalent is a prerequisite, with the same applying for the Oxford Magister Juris. It is very rare for a candidate to be admitted without having completed a degree in Law, except in socio-legal studies and criminology. The Law Faculty offices are situated in the St Cross Building, the St Cross Building is also home to the Bodleian Law Library. The Bodleian Law Library was opened in 1964 and holds over 450,000 volumes and it is a Legal Deposit Library, allowing it to claim a copy of any printed legal material published in the United Kingdom or IrelandFaculty of Law, University of Oxford – Law Faculty, St Cross Building
23. Khadija Ismayilova – She is a member of the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project. In December 2014, Ismayilova was arrested on charges of incitement to suicide, on 1 September 2015, Ismayilova was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison under charges of embezzlement and tax evasion. On 25 May 2016, the Azerbaijani supreme court ordered Ismayilova released on probation, in November 2016, Ismayilova was included as one of the inspirational and influential women of 2016 in the BBCs 100 Women. Khadija Ismayilova attended Baku School #135 and graduated in 1992 and she then graduated from the Baku State University with a degree in philology in 1997. Ismayilova was the head of the Azerbaijani service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty from 2008 to 2010, the government never issued a comment with regard to any of these reports. Two of these articles were named best investigative reports of 2010 and 2011 by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, azerbaijans media is strictly controlled by the government Thus, this sort of investigative reporting is highly unusual. The article specifically described Ilham Aliyevs younger daughter Arzu Aliyevas activities, Ismayilovas next controversial publication in June 2011 revealed the names of offshore companies which had been registered in the names of Aliyevs daughters. This report also alleged that the Aliyev daughters owned one of the mobile operators, the presidents office refused to comment on the matter. According to Azerireport, this was the response to Khadija Ismayilovas journalist investigations which brought the corruption of the Azerbaijani government to public attention. It is noteworthy that almost simultaneously, on 13 June 2012, according to a Freedom House report, Azerbaijani law prohibits government officials, including the president, from owning businesses, but there are no such restrictions on family members. In an interview to Gunaz TV, Khadija Ismayilova said she believed that Islamists affiliated with Irans intelligence were directly responsible for the assassination of publicist Rafiq Tağı. Ismayilova condemned the murder of Gurgen Margaryan by Azerbaijani officer Ramil Safarov by calling it an act and said unlike some. On 7 March 2012, Ismayilova received what appeared to be snapshots of a footage from a camera hidden in her bedroom capturing her engaged in intercourse with her boyfriend. Attached was a letter containing threats of public humiliation, if Ismayilova did not behave, similar snapshots were received by her boyfriend, some relatives and a number of opposition media outlets. Ismayilova publicly refused to give in to the blackmailers, on 14 March, the original footage of the intercourse scene was posted on a website posing as the website of the opposition party Musavat. The party officials stated the website did not represent them and condemned the act, Ismayilova blamed the government, primarily the Presidential Administration, for ordering her sex-taped and launching a smear campaign to retaliate for her investigative activity. Ismayilova submitted a report to the Attorney Generals Office on the day receiving the snapshots. In her letter to President Ilham Aliyev, OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media Dunja Mijatović insisted that those responsible for the blackmail be identified and prosecuted, in April 2012, British pop singer Sandie Shaw joined an Amnesty International campaign to end human rights abuses in AzerbaijanKhadija Ismayilova – At the session of the OSCE July 14, 2014, Khadidija Ismailova talks about torture of Azerbaijanian political prisoners.
24. JibJab – JibJab is a digital entertainment studio based in Los Angeles, California. In 2016, its animated sticker-making app - which has been available since 2014 - became the top IMessage App Store app by download growth. The video was considered an instant success, eventually being viewed on every continent as well as the International Space Station, while site was listed number one on Alexas Movers and Shakers list. The traffic surge forced JibJabs server to be shut down one day, and the clip was placed on AtomFilms. After being linked to on thousands of websites, the video was featured several times in the media and on television, including NBC Nightly News, Fox News. On July 26,2004, the creators appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, in December 2004, the Spiridellis brothers were named People of the Year by Peter Jennings. The Richmond Organization, a publisher that owns the copyright to Guthries tune through its Ludlow Music Unit. JibJab responded with a lawsuit in a California federal court, claiming the song was protected under a fair use exemption for parodies, JibJab and Ludlow Music reached a settlement after JibJabs attorneys unearthed evidence that the song had passed into the public domain in 1973. The terms of the settlement allowed for the distribution of This Land. In October 2004, JibJab followed up with another original animation, Good to be in DC, in this video, animated versions of George W. Bush, Dick Cheney, John Kerry, and John Edwards sing about their hopes for the upcoming election. Immediately after George W. Bushs election victory, JibJab released a third video, for the 2008 presidential election, JibJab released another election-themed animation, Time for Some Campaignin in July of that year. Set to the tune of Bob Dylans The Times They Are a-Changin, animated versions of Bill and Hillary Clinton, John McCain, Barack Obama, George Bush, viewers had the option of inserting their own face as that of a harassed voter. Upon Barack Obama becoming President, JibJab released Hes Barack Obama, for the 2012 Presidential Election, JibJab did not make an election video and instead began to focus their efforts on their e-card business. However, a web app was released in October of that year. Starting in 2005, and for the nine consecutive years until 2015, JibJab annually released Year in Review videos. The videos were uploaded on YouTube, on December 11,2015, JibJab made a Facebook announcement that they will no longer be releasing Year in Review videos. 2-0-5 is the year in video for the year 2005, it reflects the songs Auld Lang Syne. 2-0-5 is sung in the perspective of George W and this Year in Review portrays a Christmas concert with the kids singing about the past year, sung to the tune of Jingle BellsJibJab – Evan & Greg Spiridellis at Entertainment Gathering 2010
25. Walter Veltroni – He served as Mayor of Rome from June 2001 to February 2008. His father, Vittorio Veltroni, an eminent RAI manager in the 1950s and his mother, Ivanka Kotnik, was the daughter of Ciril Kotnik, a Slovenian diplomat at the Holy See who helped numerous Jews and antifascists to escape Nazi persecution after 1943. Veltroni joined the Italian Communist Youth Federation at the age of 15 and he was then elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1987. As a member of the Italian Communist Partys national secretariat in 1988, Veltroni, a professional journalist, was editor-in-chief of LUnità, the newspaper of the Democratic Party of the Left from 1992-96. He then successfully ran as candidate, together with Romano Prodi. In 1996 he joined the Bilderberg Group meeting, and was from 1996-98 Minister for Cultural Assets, in 1998 he resigned, subsequent to his election as National Secretary of the Democrats of the Left. Despite his background as a journalist, he has involved in controversial episodes related to freedom of expression. In 2001 Veltroni resigned as leader of the party after being elected Mayor of Rome, the percentage of votes that supported Veltronis second term in office was a record in local elections in Rome. Shortly before this confirmation, Veltroni had declared that he was going to leave politics at the end of his term as Mayor. In 2005, as mayor of Rome, he met in Washington, during a visit to the United States, then United States Senator, Barack Obama, being one of his earliest supporters overseas. He wrote the preface to the Italian edition of The Audacity of Hope in 2007 and has referred to as Obamas European counterpart. In June 2007, DS leader Piero Fassino publicly asked Veltroni to run for the party leadership, several other Democratic Party leading members publicly stated their support for a possible candidacy of Veltroni. Furthermore, the strongest of his possible contenders, Pier Luigi Bersani, Veltroni officially presented his candidacy for the leadership of the Democratic Party at a rally in Turin on 27 June 2007. At this occasion he introduced the four key issues his programme would address, environment, generational pact, education, and public security. Veltroni was elected as the first leader of the newly founded Democratic Party on 14 October 2007, winning a primary with around 2.6 millions of votes. Following the defeat of Prodis government in a January 2008 Senate vote, Veltroni resigned as Mayor of Rome on 13 February 2008 to concentrate on the campaign. He has been criticised for his over-frequentation of Rome socialites and advised to focus on practical problems. The Constituent Assembly of the party subsequently convened on 21 February 2009, on 28 September 2014, in Venice, Italy, the former Mayor of Rome was responsible of marrying George Clooney to Amal AlamuddinWalter Veltroni – The Honourable Walter Veltroni OMRI
26. Sonning Eye – Sonning Eye is a hamlet on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, England, in the civil parish of Eye & Dunsden, at what is since 1974 the southernmost tip of Oxfordshire. Sonning Eye is about 3 miles northeast of Reading, Berkshire, Sonning Eye is opposite the village of Sonning, Berkshire, to which it is linked by crossing the 18th century brick-arched Sonning Bridge combined with Sonning Backwater Bridges. Built Environment Sonning Eye is surrounded by the floodplain of the River Thames, much of which has been extracted for gravel, forming a number of lakes. In particular, a rowing lake has been made, the Redgrave Pinsent Rowing Lake, named after Olympic oarsmen Steve Redgrave. Other local sports include sailing and water skiing, berry Brook, a small tributary runs through the floodplain west and north of Sonning Eye, joining the Thames at Hallsmead Ait to the northeast. On the riverside near the Sonning Backwater Bridges is the French Horn, there is a small public car park here, a place to launch small boats, and a grass area by the river bank that is popular with fishermen. Its toponym Sonning is derived from the Viking/Saxon chieftain Sunna and Eye meaning island since it is a gravel mound surrounded by the rivers flood plain. Equally however, within this low land is an island on the Thames. Until 1866, Sonning Eye formed part of the Oxfordshire section of Sonning civil parish, the heart of Sonning Eye is a conservation area, including 12 architecturally Grade II listed buildings, five of which are barns that have now been converted for modern use. One house has some excellent William De Morgan tiles, the island is roughly heart-shaped cut through by a millrace. On the islet is The Mill at Sonning, a restored 18th century watermill on a medieval site, the millrace runs through what is now the theatre bar, and powers a small turbine powering an 18.5 kW hydroelectric generator that supplies the National Grid. Set behind this on the island is Mill House a Grade II listed building owning some of the 5 acres island. It was originally built in the 17th Century and once owned by the wealthy Rich family, Lords of the Manor of Sonning, sir Thomas Rich founded Reading Blue Coat School just south of here in 1766 by endowing it with the income with his neighbouring farmland. In 2014, the Mill House was bought by the American film star George Clooney and his new British wife, the human rights lawyer Amal Alamuddin at a cost of around £10 million. The area has been a location for artists, especially views of the old, disused brick bridge. George Price Boyce, the Victorian watercolour painter associated with the Pre-Raphaelite art movement, visited and painted in the areaSonning Eye – Sonning Bridge from the Sonning Eye bank of the River Thames
27. 2015 in the Philippines – 2015 in the Philippines details the important and significant events of note that happened in the Philippines in the year 2015. International events that are connected, or concerned with the Philippines are also included in this article, the year has been designated by the Department of Tourism as Visit the Philippines Year. President, Benigno S. Aquino III Vice President, Jejomar C, Binay, Sr. Congress, Senate President, Franklin M. Drilon House Speaker, Feliciano R. Belmonte, Jr. Sereno January 2 – Justice Secretary Leila de Lima confirmed that a girl was a victim of attempted rape inside the New Bilibid Prison on New Years Day. The incident was the latest scandal the prison facility had faced since the raids last December 2014, January 8 – An inmate died and 19 were hurt after a grenade exploded in the maximum security compound of the NBP. This lead Bureau of Corrections order a lockdown of 14,500 prisoners in the compound on January 9, gang leaders were isolated from the rest of the prisoners. January 9 – The Supreme Court has declared its decision on the unconstitutionality of the Priority Development Assistance Fund, popularly termed as the pork barrel funds, final and executory. In addition to her imprisonment, she was ordered to pay a fine of 100 thousand pesos and was barred from holding any public office. January 14 – A bomb destroys a tower in Pagalungan leaving much of the provinces of Maguindanao. January 15–19 – Pope Francis visited the country for a five-day state, the pope also visited the victims of Typhoon Haiyan in Leyte which were affected by the said typhoon last November 2013. This was the first papal visit the Philippines received in the 21st century, January 21 – The Supreme Court en banc dismissed several petitions regarding the disqualification of Manila Mayor Joseph Estrada,11 justices voted against the disqualification, while 3 voted for it. January 23 – An explosion occurred near the bus terminal in Barangay Guiwan, the Abu Sayyaf Group were tagged behind the explosion after the failed jailbreak attempt of several ASG members in the prison. PNP-SAFs objective is to pursue Zulkifli Abdhir also known as Marwan and Basit Usman as part of Oplan Exodus, the deaths of the PNP-SAF officers ignited debate on the proposed Bangsamoro Basic Law which will be the foundation of a new autonomous entity called Bangsamoro. 3 days later, Binay was arrested and forced to appear in the Senate hearing, the trial began on March 23. January 29 – Despite of the incident in Mamasapano, Maguindanao, The Government of the Philippines, February 2 – Former Commission on Elections Chairman Benjamin Abalos was acquitted on the 2007 electoral sabotage case by the Pasay Regional Trial Court. February 3 – The Supreme Court affirms the unconstitutionality of the Disbursement Acceleration Program on its new ruiling, voting 13-0, the SC partially granted the governments Motion for Reconsideration on the DAP. Projects and programs that not covered by the General Approriations Act is valid, February 5 – The Department of Foreign Affairs filed two protest notes questioning China for ramming Filipino fishing boats and the collecting of giant clams over the Scarborough Shoal. February 14 –50 rebel members of the New Peoples Army figured in an attack and shootout inside a police station in Mati2015 in the Philippines – Benigno S. Aquino III