Common Entrance Examination for Design
The Common Entrance Examination for Design is a joint entrance exam for post-graduate studies in the field of technological design held annually jointly at all IITs and Indian Institute of Science. The examination is hosted by the Industrial Design Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay on behalf of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, it is a descriptive test covering a student's logical, creative and drawing skills, tested in particular for admission to various design courses in the fields of product design, industrial design, visual communication, animation graphics, vehicle design and mobility. There is no bar to either the age of the candidate or the number of times a candidate can participate; the minimum academic qualification for appearing in the examination is a bachelor's degree in Design, Fine Arts or Engineering from a recognized college or university of India. All qualified candidates with a valid CEED Examination score become eligible to apply for admission to various design programs under IITs and IISc.
A valid CEED score does not, promise admission to the desired institute. Candidates are always required to appear for a second test known as the Design Aptitude Test followed by an interview prior to final selection by the respective institutes. From 2013, CEED has changed its examination pattern. Now the examination is conducted in three stages: Part A, Part B, an interview. Part A is a preliminary screening test. There are about 50 questions in this part having negative marking. Correct answers carry wrong answers carry -0.5 marks. Each question in this part checks general awareness. Part B is evaluated for those candidates; each question in this part examines creative skills of the candidate. The first two parts are mandatory and the interview is carried for those who clear both Part A and Part B. Part A covers the following categories: Visual communication - this includes logos, packaging, fonts etc. Animation design - includes movement observation, comic strips, visuals etc. Product design - covers the latest and newest products and trends, current products etc.
Automobile design - relates to aesthetics and plants etc. Digital - relates to photography, color coding, printing etc. Observation and visualisation - something like mirroring, evolution and geometry, tessellations and more. Architecture - covers sculpture, materials etc. General awareness - includes engineering ability, culture of the country, famous personalities and their works, animals etc. Part B comprises the following categories: Basic and visual sketching - that might include objective and imaginative types Observation, problem identification and problem solving Design think-ability - relates to the design streams like product/industrial, interaction design and User interface design Visual communication design in the form of posters or logo Animation design in the form of comic strips, character framing etc; those who clear Part-A and Part-B are required to prepare a portfolio to produce during the interview. A CEED qualified candidate can apply for the following programmes in designing in IIT's UPES and IISc, Bangalore: IISc, Bangalore - M.
Des. in Product Design and Engineering IIT Bombay - M. Des. in Industrial design, Visual Communication, Interaction Design and Vehicle Design IIT Delhi - M. Des. in Industrial Design IIT Hyderabad - M. Des. in Visual Design IIT Guwahati - M. Des. in Design IIT Kanpur - M. Des. in Design IIITDM Jabalpur - M. Des. in Design School of Design Studies - UPES Dehradun - M. Des. in Industrial design, Product Design, Interior Design, Transportation Design symbiosis pune-M. Des in design IISc Bangalore, IIT Bombay, IIT Hyderabad and IIT Kanpur IIT Bombay Industrial Design Centre University of Petroleum and Energy Studies Official website
Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop
Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop was established on 8 February 1862. Jamalpur Workshop was the first full-fledged railway workshop facilities in India, set up by the East Indian Railway; the Railway age in Eastern India started on 15 August 1854 ninety-three years before Independence. A locomotive and wagon workshop was set up in Howrah to put to commission imported rolling stock of EIR and to render economic repairs to them but it proved unsuccessful because of problems with procuring supplies and getting skilled labor; the railways spread fast faster than the anticipation of EIR. Within a short span of eight years it became necessary to shift the site of workshop, as there was hardly any scope for expansion at Howrah, and Jamalpur Workshop was established at Jamalpur.. Jamalpur Workshop has enjoyed the distinction of being the largest and the oldest locomotive repair workshop with the most diversified manufacturing activities on the Indian Railways. At first the Jamalpur shops were repairing locomotives and assembling locomotives from parts salvaged from other or damaged locomotives.
By the turn of the century they had progressed to producing their own locomotives. In year 1899, CA 764 Lady Curzon was produced by the Jamalpur Workshop. In 1893, the first railway foundry in India was set up at Jamalpur Workshop, it had a boiler workshop for repairing and building boilers. A captive power plant of 5MVA was developed in the Jamalpur Workshop. In 1870 it was equipped with a rolling mill of its own. In addition to various repairs of wagons, coaches and tower cars, locomotives, Jamalpur undertakes repair and production of permanent-way fixtures, it manufactures some tower cars such as Mark II, Mark III and break-down cranes of 10, 20, 140 tone capacities, besides various kinds of heavy-duty lifting jacks. It manufactures wheel sets for coaches and wagons. Jamalpur workshop was a significant supplier of cast-iron sleepers as well. Starting in 1961 it produced several rail cranes, it has produced electric arc furnaces, ticket printers. The high-capacity synchronized lifting jacks known as Jamalpur Jacks were produced by this workshop.
The school attached to the Jamalpur workshops became the IR Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. The place was adjacent to Munghyr, that time considered as Birmingham of the East. There was a plentiful supply of skilled mechanics from Munghyr, because inhabitants of Munghyr had been the mechanics by trade for centuries, famous for manufacturing of iron wares, pistols and other works; when the selection was made it was thought that Jamalpur would be on the proposed mainline of EIR, subsequently changed and was directed to Delhi via Ranigunj, Mughalsarai and Kanpur. Jamalpur was only an engine changing station and light repairs were done in the running shed there; the original headquarters of the locomotive department of EIR was located at Howrah had a great draw back because it was too confined for extensions as and when needed. At Howrah, the original workshop was supposed to handle building of locomotives and wagons. Jamalpur workshop is the only workshop in Indian Railways that has a captive Power house of 5 MVA The workshop has a number of FIRSTS in India to its credit, a few of which are:The First to manufacture a steam locomotive and a locomotive boiler – 216 of which were manufactured between 1899 and 1923.
The First to have set up a rolling mill not only on the railways, but in the country in 1870. It had 3 mills, steam driven Power hammer, fish plate machine, billet shears, the mill was driven by steam from boilers placed on the top of the furnaces and heated by gas from the furnaces, it produced about 400 tons of rounds, channels and fishplates per month. The First to establish a railway foundry in the year 1893; the First to manufacture a rail crane in the country with indigenous know-how in 1961. The First to manufacture high capacity electrical lifting jacks and ticket printing, ticket chopping, ticket slitting and ticket counting machines; the First and the only railway workshop to manufacture electrical arc furnaces of ½ tonne capacity in 1961 for production of steel castings. The First to established Signal Equipment shop, more popularly known as "Points and Crossing and Interlocking shop" was started in 1894. Produced entire requirement of Interlocking frames of different sizes for EIRThe First and only to manufacture 140 Tonne Diesel Break-down Cranes.
Following are some of the preserved locomotives built by Jamalpur locomotive workshop marked as JMP: The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering at Jamalpur is the oldest of the Centralized Training Institutions of Indian Railway. IRIMEE started as a technical school attached to the Jamalpur Workshops in the 1900s the largest railway repair workshops in India. After the first World War, the technical school was expanded for training of railway apprentices and supervisory staff involved with mechanical engineering. In the 1960s, a Diesel Traction Faculty was set up to conduct training courses and publish educational materials as IR engaged in desalinization. In 1971 the school was renamed as the IRIMEE, brought under the direct control of the Railway Board. In 1988 IRIMEE began conducting the various required courses for IRSME probationary engineers and various Mechanical Engineering staff. From 1997, IRIMEE has been conducting various short-duration courses for other staff on various engineering topics.
Topics include rolling stock and workshop technology, management science, information technology aimed at officers and supervisory st
Services Selection Board
Services Selection Board is an organization that assess the candidates for becoming officers into the Indian Armed Forces. The board evaluates the suitability of the candidate for becoming an officer using a standardized protocol of evaluation system which constitutes of personality, intelligence tests and interviews; the tests are of practical task based. An SSB comprises the panel of assessors, who are officers in Indian Armed Forces and having their specialization as Psychologist, GTO and Interviewing Officer. In total there are ten Service Selection Boards across India, out of which three boards are for Indian Army, four boards are for Indian Air Force and three boards for Indian Navy. SSB is a 5–6 days evaluation process.. There are a variety of pathways to a commission as an officer in Indian Armed Forces; this applies to both for civilians, as well as for serving armed forces personnel. All except army medical corps members must succeed in the "SSB interview". There is no limit to the number of attempts.
The interview involves a battery of psychological tests of personality, to assess the candidate's suitability for commission to the armed forces. The tests help the SSB select candidates with officer like qualities; the Services Selection Board is not concerned with the number of commissions available. Its responsibility is just to assess and recommend. Successful candidates have a medical examination and if satisfactory are recorded on a "merit list" before training and commission; the selection occurs over a five-day process. Day 1 involves a screening test, Day 2, psychological tests, Days 3 and 4, group tasks, Day 5, compilation of results In Conference. A personal interview is included during the selection period; the qualities looked for in the selection period include intellect, initiative, judgement under stress, ability to reason and organize, communication skills, courage, self-confidence, speed in decision making, willingness to set an example, compassion and a feeling of loyalty to the nation.
The candidates are billeted during the selection period and complete the assessment in a group with other candidates. Observations of the group are constant; the candidates who have passed the Union Public Service Commission written examination, or who, in the case of the Territorial Army have been recommended by a Preliminary Interview Board, or, who have been asked to present to the Service Selection Board are allocated a SSB centre to attend. Service candidates attend via movement orders made by their superiors. On the day candidate has to report, he has to follow the instructions as mentioned in the SSB call letter; the candidate has to report at the railway station in the morning between 7 Am – 8 Am, from there candidates are escorted to the board by one of the SSB official. On the same day, candidates are made to sit in the testing hall where they have to present their educational documents for verification and are allotted a number by which they will be able to identify the candidates throughout the process.
A briefing about the schedule, various tests and general instructions is given. On Day 1, stage one of testing is administered; this includes a verbal and non-verbal intelligence test and a Picture Perception and Description Test. In this test, a picture, either hazy or clear is shown to the candidates for 30 seconds; each candidate observes it and in the next one minute, must record the number of characters seen in the picture. In four minutes, each candidate must in over seventy words, make a story from the picture; the candidate must record the mood, approximate age and gender of the first character they saw, known as the "main character". In stage two of the PPDT, the candidates are given their stories. In a group, each candidate must narrate his story in under one minute; the group is asked to create a common story involving each or their perceived picture stories. After the completion of these tests, unsuccessful candidates are dismissed. Other candidates are short-listed, they must complete the first of up to five personal information questionnaires which must each be recorded in the same manner.
The personal information questionnaire is the basis for the individual candidate interview. On Day 2, a Thematic Apperception Test or picture story writing is administered, it is similar to the PPDT. Again the candidates are shown a picture for thirty seconds and write a story in the next four minutes. Twelve such pictures are shown sequentially; the last picture is a blank slide inviting the candidates to write a story of their choice. Candidates do not need to remember the number of characters in each picture and there is no group discussion. Administered on the second day is a Word Association Test; the candidates are shown everyday words in sequence. Each is shown for fifteen seconds. For each word, the candidates write the first thought. Other tests administered on day two are the Situation Reaction Test in which a booklet of 60 situations is given in which responses are to be completed in 30 minutes, and the Self Description Test which consists of 5 questions asking about the candidate's parent's, teacher's, friend's and his own perception about himself.
On the third and fourth days, there are tasks including group discussion. On day 2, 3 or
Institution of Engineers (India)
The Institution of Engineers, 8 Gokhale Road, Kolkata is the national organization of engineers in India. The Institution of Engineers has more than one million members in 15 engineering disciplines in 114 centers or chapters in India and overseas; the Institution of Engineers was established in 1920 in Kolkata, West Bengal and is acclaimed to have pioneered non-formal education in engineering. The Institution of Engineers conducts an examination of its associate membership; this examination is considered to be on par with B. E. / B. Tech; when contemplated as an eligibility qualification to write competitive examinations like the Indian Civil Service, Indian Engineering Services, GATE, etc. and for employment in Government and private sectors in India. This qualification is recognized by the Ministry of HRD, government of India, as equivalent to B. E./B. Tech; the Institution of Engineers was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1935. It is headquartered in 8 Gokhale Road, Kolkata - 700020; the Associate Member of the Institution of Engineers India is a professional certification given by The Institution of Engineers.
The qualification can be earned by passing Section A, Section B, Project Work and Laboratory experiments examination of the Institution. If an applicant passes both sections of the examination, he or she becomes an Associate Member of The Institution of Engineers; the Indian Ministry of Human Resource Development considers this qualification is equivalent to a degree in engineering. AMIE was earlier Grad IE. Government of India in continuation to its earlier recognition, has recognized passing of sections A and B examinations as revised, conducted by The Institution of Engineers, as equivalent to bachelor's degree in the appropriate branch of Engineering of the recognized universities in India and has notified in the gazette of India, Part I, Section I, dated February 11, 2006. AMIE is recognized by UK-NARIC as British bachelor's honours degree. AMIE is recognized by FCSA Foreign credential service of America as equivalent to bachelor's degree in engineering. Minimum duration for passing both sections is 4 years, however professionals with 3 years polytechnic engineering can complete it in 3 years since they are exempted from certain examination papers of Section A. Project work and Laboratory experiments can be carried out only after clearing at least 5 subjects of Section B.
History: IEI was established in 1920 in Madras with Sir Thomas R. J. Ward as the founding president, it was formally inaugurated in 1921 by the then-Viceroy of British India. In 1935. IEI obtained the Royal Charter of Incorporation from King George V'to promote and advance the science and business of engineering'. Sir Thomas Guthrie Russell led the successful petition for a Royal Charter. Harold Williams served as President for a period in the 1950s. Dr. L V Muralikrishna Reddy, FIE, Int. PE, CEng is the youngest President and has assumed office at the Annual General Meeting held at Hyderabad on 21 December 2014; the Institution obtained the full membership of the Engineers Mobility Forum at the Bi-annual International Engineers Meetings 2009 held at Kyoto, Japan on 17 June 2009. Development: Subsequently led to the birth of the local institutions. Sdasysnkya of this institution in 1920 where it was only 138 thousand in 1926 exceeded there; the organization launched a quarterly magazine to remove 1921 and June 1923, a quarterly bulletin put out with him.
Membership in this organization, its Aesoshiatt 1928 had started to take the exams, every level of government engineering college b. S. C; the degree considered equivalent. December 19, 1930, the Viceroy Lord Irwin, the foundation of its own private building 8, Gokhale Road, in Calcutta. January 1, 1932 the company's office moved into the new building. September 9, 1935 in relation to a State Charter of the emperor George V accepted. In the second paragraph of the declaration of the institution duties are described as follows: "Indian engineers to meet the goals and objectives of the entity being established, they increase the general development of engineering and engineering science, their implementation in India and people associated with the organization and members of engineering related topics Information Adn-in providing facilities to receive and give ideas." The branches of this institution began spreading across the country. Timely Mysore, London and open its center in Bombay. May 1943 Associate Membership exams began to be taken twice a year.
In 1944, four major categories of technical operations were established. Civil, Micanikl and General Engineering. Different for each department head has to be elected for a term of three years; the Silver Jubilee was celebrated in 1945 in Calcutta. Bihar in 1947, Sindh and Tiruwankur, these four locations open new centers. Fora: There are five fora of the IEI: the National Design & ResearchFoundation F, Water Management Forum and Quality Forum, Sustainable Development Forum and Rural Development Forum; the IEI has an autonomous organ, the Engineering Staff College of India. Functions: In addition to representing India in the Engineers Mobility Forum, the institution has been prominent in World Mining Congress, the World Federation of Engineering Organizations, the Commonwealth Engineers’ Council, the Fédération Internationale du Béton, the Federation of Engineering Institutions of South and
Jamalpur is a town in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated 8 km from Munger city center. Jamalpur is a part of Munger-Jamalpur twin cities; the name Jamalpur means Jamal pur. Jamalpur is best known for the Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop, which employs over 25,000 people at its training institution, The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering; the town was established in 1862 during the British Raj, with the Railways Institute forming its cultural hub. The paleolithic site of "Kali Pahar", atop Jamalpur Hill, was the location of an important find of quartzite Early and Middle Stone Ages implements. Jamalpur is located at 25.314236°N 86.489525°E / 25.314236. The suburb is a part of Munger city; the city centre of Munger is 8 kilometres northwest of Jamalpur area of Munger city. There is a road as well as a rail link throughout these areas, the rail link has been completed recentlyMunger Ganga Bridge. Jamalpur is an overnight road journey from Kolkata; the nearest airport is Munger Airport near Safiyabad area of the Munger city.
The nearest commercial domestic airport is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, 199 kilometres away. The nearest international airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata, 460 kilometres from Jamalpur on NH80; as of the 2011 census, Jamalpur has a population of 105,221, with a ratio of 871 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy rate is 87.38%. There are 12,298 children in Jamalpur aged 0 with a ratio of 867 girls for every 1,000 boys; the Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop was the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India, founded on 8 Feb 1862 by the East Indian Railway Company. The Jamalpur site was chosen for its proximity both to the Sahibganj loop, the main trunk route at the time, to the communities of gunsmiths and other mechanical craftsmen in Bihar; the workshop was for repairing locomotives, assembling new ones from salvaged parts. By the early 20th century, however, it had progressed to producing its own locomotives, it produced the first one, CA 764 "Lady Curzon", in 1899.
In 1893, it became the site of the first railway foundry in India. It had a workshop for repairing and building boilers. Today it has a foundry, metallurgical lab facilities, machine tool facilities, its rolling mill and nut and bolt shop ceased operation in 1984. The school attached to the workshop became the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering; the Ananda Marga movement was founded here by Jamalpur native Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar in 1955. JSA Stadium, a football stadium; the Jamalpur Gymkhana, the hostel and club used by the Special Class Railway Apprentices. The Jamalpur Golf Course, the site of the annual ITC Golf Tournament. Kali Pahadi, a mountain and picnic spot featuring a temple to the Hindu goddess Kali. Panchmukhi hanuman mandir, badidariyapur jamalpur. Jogi asthan durga mandir, rampur basti jamalpur. Tunnelnear nayagaon, jamalpur. Sadar bazar market, jamalpur. Baptist Church, albert road, jamalpur St.joseph Catholic church, east colony, jamalpur Hanuman mandir, jubilee well.
Gurudwara jamalpur. St.mary's church, golf road, jamalpur munger road. Yog maya badi durga devi mandir,Shani Dev Mandir,sadar bazar, jamalpur. Historical Jamalpur Workshop. Jamalpur filter water works at the top of kali pahadi. There are many good schools. First Notre Dame Academy of India was established at Jamalpur in 1950. There are many branches of Saraswati Vidya Mandir,1 Kendriya Vidyalaya, several many. R. D & D. J COLLEGE MUNGER J. R. S. College Jamalpur College Indian Railway institute of mechanical and electrical engineering Notre Dame Academy, Jamalpur: The first Notre Dame school in India, founded in 1950. Notre Dame Academy is a Catholic Institution managed by the Patna Notre Dame Sisters' Society. Eastern Railway Inter College: A high school for railway employees' children, one of the oldest high schools in the city. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jamalpur - a CBSE-affiliated Kendriya Vidyalaya set up in 1973 with the sponsorship of the Eastern Railway. Achhuram Kanya Madhya Vidyalaya Ananda Marga School Blue Bells School D.
A. V Public School P. D. High School Rajkiya Balika Vidyalaya R. B. High School SVM school Jamalpur, Munger Jamalpur Gymkhana Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop Jamalpur railway station List of cities in Bihar History of Jamalpur Locomotive Works Jamalpur the most beautiful place Blog on Jamalpur
Rajendra K. Pachauri
Rajendra Kumar Pachauri was the chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, was replaced by Hoesung Lee. He held the post from 2002 until his resignation in February 2015, due to sexual harassment allegations; the IPCC was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize during his tenure. At that time, The Energy and Resources Institute Governing Council asked Pachauri to step down from the post of Director-General of the institute; the Governing Council of TERI appointed Ashok Chawla as its new chairman in February 2016. Ajay Mathur, a technocrat in the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, was appointed as the Director General of TERI by the Governing Council in July 2015. Pachauri was born in India, he was educated at La Martiniere College in Lucknow and at the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering in Jamalpur, Bihar. He belongs to the Special Class Railway Apprentices, 1958 Batch, an elite scheme which heralded the beginning of mechanical engineering education in India, he began his career with the Indian Railways at the Diesel Locomotive Works in Varanasi.
He was admitted to North Carolina State University in Raleigh, United States, where he obtained an MS in Industrial Engineering in 1972, a PhD with co-majors in Industrial Engineering and Economics in 1974. His doctoral thesis was titled A dynamic model for forecasting of electrical energy demand in a specific region located in North and South Carolina, he is a strict vegetarian because of "the environmental and climate change implications." He served as Assistant Professor and Visiting Faculty Member in the Department of Economics and Business at NC State. He was a Visiting Professor of Resource Economics at the College of Mineral and Energy Resources, West Virginia University. On his return to India, he joined the Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, as Member Senior Faculty and went on to become Director and Applied Research Division, he joined The Energy and Resources Institute as Director in 1982. He was a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Resource Systems Institute, Visiting Research Fellow at the World Bank, Washington DC.
On 20 April 2002, Pachauri was elected Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a United Nations panel established by the World Meteorological Organization and United Nations Environment Programme to assess information relevant for understanding climate change. Pachauri was on the Board of Shriram Scientific and Industrial Research Foundation, he has served as member of many commissions. He has been the Member of Board of the International Solar Energy Society, World Resources Institute Council, while Chairman of the World Energy Council and Chairman of the International Association for Energy Economics, the President of the Asian Energy Institute, he was a part-time advisor to the United Nations Development Programme in the fields of Energy and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources. In July 2001, Dr R K Pachauri was appointed Member, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India. On 20 April 2002, Pachauri was elected Chairman of the United Nations established Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and during his tenure the IPCC received the Nobel Peace Price.
Pachauri has been vocal on the issue of climate change and said, "What is happening, what is to happen, convinces me that the world must be ambitious and determined at moving toward a 350 target." 350 refers to the level in parts per million of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that some climate scientists such as NASA's James Hansen agree to be a safe upper limit to avoid a climate tipping point. The IPCC shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former US Vice-President Al Gore, who had earlier criticised Pachauri when he was first elected in 2002. In its press release, the Nobel Prize Committee said:...the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007 is to be shared, in two equal parts, between the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Albert Arnold Gore Jr. for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change."On 11 December 2007, Pachauri and co-recipient Al Gore delivered their acceptance speeches at an awards ceremony in Oslo, Norway, on a day when delegates to a United Nations climate conference were meeting in Bali, Indonesia.
Pachauri referenced his belief that the Hindu philosophy of "'Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam', which means'the whole universe is one family,'" must dominate global efforts to protect the global commons." Returning to this theme throughout his speech, he quoted president of the Maldives in 1987: "...a mean sea level rise of two meters would suffice to submerge the entire country of 1,190 small islands, most of which rise two meters above sea level. That would be the death of a nation."Pachauri emphasised his concerns regarding the implications of climate change for the world's poorest nations, referring to studies that: "...have raised the threat of dramatic population migration and war over water and other resources, as
Great Indian Peninsula Railway
The Great Indian Peninsula Railway was a predecessor of the Central Railway, whose headquarters was at the Boree Bunder in Mumbai. The Great Indian Peninsula Railway was incorporated on 1 August 1849 by an act of the British Parliament, it had a share capital of 50,000 pounds. On 21 August 1847 it entered into a formal contract with the East India Company for the construction and operation of a railway line, 56 km long, to form part of a trunk line connecting Bombay with Khandesh and Berar and with the other presidencies of India; the Court of Directors of the East India Company appointed James John Berkeley as Chief Resident Engineer and C. B. Kar and R. W. Graham as his assistants, it was India's first passenger railway, the original 446 mile section opening in 1853, between Bombay and Tanna. On 1 July 1925 its management was taken over by the Government. On 5 November 1951 it was incorporated into the Central Railway. Incorporated as a company in 1849, with its head office in London, the Great Indian Peninsula railway was proposed for a length of 1300 miles, to connect Bombay with the interior of the Indian peninsula and to Madras major port on the east coast.
It was meant to connect the towns of Poona, Aurungabad, Sholapoor, Nagpur and Hyderabad. It was meant for the purpose of increasing the export of cotton, opium and spices; the management committee consisted of 25 British men, including officials of the East India company and banks in London, most of whom resided in Britain and some who had resided in India. The original 25 person board consisted of: people such as John Stuart Wortley and W. J Hamilton, Frederick Ayrton, Cavalrymen such as Major Clayton and Major-General Briggs, Bombay residents John Graham, Col. Dickenson and Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, bankers such as John Harvey and S. Jervis, Directors of other railway companies such as Richard Paterson and Melvil Wilson. On 16 April 1853 at 3:35 pm, the first passenger train of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway left Boree Bunder station in Bombay for Tanna The train took fifty-seven minutes to reach Tanna, it covered a distance of 21 miles. Three locomotives named Sultan and Sahib pulled the 14 carriages carrying 400 passengers on board.
The portion of the line from Tanna to Callian was opened on 1 May 1854. The construction of this portion was difficult as it involved two-line viaducts over the estuary and two tunnels. On 12 May 1856 the line was extended to Campoolie via Padusdhurree and on 14 June 1858 Khandala-Poona section was opened to traffic; the Padusdhurree-Khandala section involved the difficult crossing of the Bhore Ghat and it took another five years for completion. During this period, the 21 km gap was covered by palanquin, pony or cart through the village of Campoolie; the Kassarah line was opened on 1 January 1861 and the steep Thull ghat section up to Egutpoora was opened on 1 January 1865 and thus completed the crossing of the Sahyadri. Beyond Callian, the south-east main line proceeded over Bhor Ghat to Poona and Raichore, where it joined the Madras Railway. By 1868, route kilometerage was 888 km and by 1870, route kilometerage was 2,388. Beyond Callian, the north-east main line proceeded over the Thull ghat to Bhosawal.
From Bhosawal, there was a bifurcation. One passed through great cotton district of Oomravuttee and was extended up to Nagpore and to Raj-nandgaon in Drug district; the other was extended up to Jubbulpore to connect with the Allahabad-Jubbulpore branch line of the East Indian Railway, opened in June 1867. Hence it became possible to travel directly from Bombay to Calcutta; the Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line was opened on 7 March 1870 and it was part of the inspiration for French writer Jules Verne's book Around the World in Eighty Days. Although, in the novel it is erroneously claimed that the line passes through Aurangabad, which is, again erroneously claimed as the capital of the Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgeer. At that time period, line had not reached Aurangabad but rather moved northward after reaching Bhusawal towards Jabalpur. At the opening ceremony, the Viceroy Lord Mayo concluded that “it was thought desirable that, if possible, at the earliest possible moment, the whole country should be covered with a network of lines in a uniform system”.
Clippings about Great Indian Peninsula Railway in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics