Tampa is a major city in, the county seat of, Hillsborough County, United States. It is on the west coast of Florida on Tampa Bay, near the Gulf of Mexico, is the largest city in the Tampa Bay Area; the bay's port is the largest in near downtown's Channel District. Bayshore Boulevard runs along the bay, is east of the historic Hyde Park neighborhood. Today, Tampa is part of the metropolitan area most referred to as the "Tampa Bay Area". For U. S. Census purposes, Tampa is part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area; the four-county area is composed of 3.1 million residents, making it the second largest metropolitan statistical area in the state, the fourth largest in the Southeastern United States, behind Washington, D. C. Miami, Atlanta; the Greater Tampa Bay area has over 4 million residents and includes the Tampa and Sarasota metro areas. The city had a population of 335,709 at the 2010 census, an estimated population of 385,430 in 2017; the Tampa Bay Partnership and U.
S. Census data showed an average annual growth of 2.47 percent, or a gain of 97,000 residents per year. Between 2000 and 2006, the Greater Tampa Bay Market experienced a combined growth rate of 14.8 percent, growing from 3.4 million to 3.9 million and hitting the 4 million population mark on April 1, 2007. A 2012 estimate shows the Tampa Bay area population to have 4,310,524 people and a 2017 projection of 4,536,854 people. Public Transportation in the area includes. There is the TECO Line Streetcar System; when the pioneer community living near the US Army outpost of Fort Brooke was incorporated in 1849, it was called "Tampa Town", the name was shortened to "Tampa" in 1855. The earliest instance of the name "Tampa", in the form "Tanpa", appears in the memoirs of Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, who spent 17 years as a captive of the Calusa and traveled through much of peninsular Florida, he described Tanpa as an important Calusa town to the north of the Calusa domain under another chief. Archaeologist Jerald Milanich places the town of Tanpa at the mouth of Charlotte Harbor.
The entrances to Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor are obscured by barrier islands, their locations, the names applied to them, were a source of confusion to explorers and map-makers from the 16th century though the 18th century. Bahía Tampa and Bahía de Espíritu Santo were each used, at one time or another, for the modern Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor. Tampa Bay was labeled Bahía de Espíritu Santo in the earliest Spanish maps of Florida, but became known as Bahía Tampa as early as 1695. "B. Tampa", corresponding to Tampa Bay, appeared on a British map of 1705, with "Carlos Bay" for Charlotte Harbor to the south, while a 1748 British map had "B. del Spirito Santo" for Tampa Bay, again, "Carlos Bay" to the south. A Spanish map of 1757 renamed Tampa Bay as "San Fernando"; as late as 1774, Bernard Romans called Tampa Bay "Bay of Espiritu Santo", with "Tampa Bay" restricted to the Northwest arm, the northeast arm named "Hillsborough Bay". The name may have come from the Calusa language, or the Timucua language.
Some scholars have compared "Tampa" to "itimpi", which means "close to or nearby" in the Creek language, but its meaning is not known. People from Tampa are known as "Tampans" or "Tampanians". Local authorities consulted by Michael Kruse of the Tampa Bay Times suggest that "Tampan" was more common, while "Tampanian" became popular when the former term came to be seen as a potential insult. A mix of Cuban and Spanish immigrants began arriving in the late 1800s to found and work in the new communities of Ybor City and West Tampa. By about 1900, these newcomers came to be known as "Tampeños", a term, still sometimes used to refer to their descendants living in the area, to all residents of Tampa inconsiderate of their ethnic background; the shores of Tampa Bay have been inhabited for thousands of years. A variant of the Weeden Island culture developed in the area by about 2000 years ago, with archeological evidence suggesting that these residents relied on the sea for most of their resources, as a vast majority of inhabited sites have been found on or near the shoreline and there is little evidence of farming.
At the time of European contact in the early 16th century, the Safety Harbor culture dominated the area, with indigenous peoples organized into three or four chiefdoms around the shores of the bay. Early Spanish explorers to visit the area interacted extensively with the Tocobaga, whose principal town was located at the northern end of Old Tampa Bay near today's Safety Harbor in Pinellas County. While there is a substantial historical record of the Tocobaga, there is less surviving documentation describing the Pohoy chiefdom, which controlled the area near the mouth of the Hillsborough River near today's downtown Tampa. However, brief mentions by explorers along with surviving artifacts suggest that the Pohoy and other groups that once lived on Tampa Bay had similar cultures and lifestyles as the better-documented Tocobaga. Expeditions led by Pánfilo de Narváez and Hernando de Soto landed near Tampa, but neither conquistador stayed long. There is no natural gold or silver in Florida, the native inhabitants repulsed Spanish attempts to establish a permanent settlement or convert them to Catholicism.
The fighting resulted in a few deaths, but the many more deaths were caused by infectious diseases brought from Europe, which devastated the population of Native Americans across Florida and the entir
The Florida Panhandle, an informal, unofficial term for the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Florida, is a strip of land 200 miles long and 50 to 100 miles wide, lying between Alabama on the north and the west, Georgia on the north, the Gulf of Mexico to the south. Its eastern boundary is arbitrarily defined; the terms West Florida and Northwest Florida are today synonymous with the Panhandle, although West Florida was the name of a British colony a Spanish colony, both of which included modern-day Florida west of the Apalachicola River as well as portions of what are now Alabama and Louisiana. As is the case with the other eight U. S. states that have panhandles, the geographic meaning of the term is elastic. References to the Florida Panhandle always include the ten counties west of the Apalachicola River, a natural geographic boundary, the historic dividing line between the British colonies of West Florida and East Florida; these western counties lie in the Central Time Zone, while the rest of the state is in the Eastern Time Zone.
References to the Panhandle may include some or all of eight counties east of the Apalachicola known as the Big Bend region, along the curve of Apalachee Bay. Like North Central Florida, the Panhandle is more similar in culture and climate to the Deep South than to South Florida in the lower peninsula, being known for its conservative politics and "piney woods."The largest city in the Panhandle is Tallahassee, the state capital, population 188,107. However, the largest population grouping is the Pensacola Metropolitan Area with a population of 474,081; the total population of the Panhandle, as of the 2010 Census, was 1,407,925, just under 7.5% of Florida's total population as recorded in the same census. Emerald Coast, a term coined in 1983, refers in general to the beaches and coastal resorts from Pensacola to Port St. Joe, but is sometimes used to refer, by extension, to the Panhandle as a whole west of the Apalachicola. Earlier designations include "Playground of the Gulfcoast" and the "Miracle Strip" for the area between Fort Walton Beach and Panama City.
Coastal regions of the following counties are included when referring to the Emerald Coast: Okaloosa County Santa Rosa County Walton CountyCoastal portions of Escambia County that lie on the western edge, coastal portions of Bay County that lie on the eastern edge, are regularly included when referring to the Emerald Coast, but with somewhat less regularity than the three aforementioned counties listed above. However, the agency providing water and garbage collection services to unincorporated Escambia County, headquartered in Pensacola, is called the Emerald Coast Utility Authority; the Forgotten Coast is a trademarked term coined in the early 1990s used to refer to the coastal portion of the Florida Panhandle extending from Mexico Beach or southeastern Bay County on the Gulf of Mexico to St. Marks on Apalachee Bay, it is not considered a part of the Emerald Coast, which lies directly adjacent to the west. Coastal regions of the following counties are included when referring to the Forgotten Coast: Gulf County Franklin County Wakulla County Small portions of Bay County The Apalachicola River is the largest river of the Panhandle.
It is formed by the junction of several rivers, including the Chattahoochee and the Flint, where the boundaries of Alabama and Florida meet. From there, it flows southward to the town of Apalachicola. Major estuaries include, from west to east: Perdido Bay, fed by the Perdido River, which forms the western boundary of Florida. Pensacola Bay, a deepwater port, is formed by the joining of East bays; the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, completed in 1949, traverses the lower Panhandle by means of bays, lagoons and man-made canals. The barrier islands of Perdido Key and Santa Rosa Island extend from the Pandhandle's western extremity to Fort Walton Beach. Interstate 10 is the only interstate highway in the Panhandle, connecting the extreme west with North Florida and Jacksonville. Other older east–west routes include U. S. Highway 90 and U. S. Highway 98. Important north–south routes west of the Apalachicola River include U. S. Highway 29, U. S. Highway 331, U. S. Highway 231, all linking to Alabama and Interstate 65.
State Road 20 stretches from Niceville to Tallahassee. The major railroad line through the Panhandle, running from Pensacola to Jacksonville, is owned by CSX railroad. Passenger service ended with the creation of Amtrak in 1971, but was revived with the extension of the Sunset Limited to Orlando beginning in 1993. Regional short-line railroads serving the Panhandle are the Alabama and Gulf Coast Railway, the Bay Line Railroad, the AN Railway. Throughout the 19th century, the Panhandle was sparsely populated, dotted in places with small farming communities, none of which had as many as a thousand residents. Many Panhandle residents had, in fact, had relatives there.
A concurrency in a road network is an instance of one physical roadway bearing two or more different route numbers. When two roadways share the same right-of-way, it is sometimes called commons. Other terminology for a concurrency includes overlap, duplex, multiplex, dual routing or triple routing. Concurrent numbering can become common in jurisdictions that allow it. Where multiple routes must pass between a single mountain crossing or over a bridge, or through a major city, it is economically and advantageous for them all to be accommodated on a single physical roadway. In some jurisdictions, concurrent numbering is avoided by posting only one route number on highway signs. Most concurrencies are a combination of two route numbers on the same physical roadway; this is practically advantageous as well as economically advantageous. Some countries allow for concurrencies to occur, others do not allow it to happen. In those nations which do permit concurrencies, it can become common. In these countries, there are a variety of concurrences.
An example of this is the concurrency of Interstate 70 and I-76 on the Pennsylvania Turnpike in western Pennsylvania. I-70 merges with the Pennsylvania Turnpike so the route number can continue east into Maryland. A triple Interstate concurrency is found in Wisconsin along the five-mile section of I-41, I-43, I-894 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; the concurrency of I-41 and I-43 on this roadway is an example of a wrong-way concurrency. The longest Interstate highway concurrency is I-90 for 265 miles across Indiana and Ohio. There are examples of eight-way concurrencies: I-465 around Indianapolis and Georgia State Route 10 Loop around downtown Athens, Georgia. Portions of the 53-mile I-465 overlap with I-74, US Highway 31, US 36, US 40, US 52, US 421, State Road 37 and SR 67—a total of eight other routes. Seven of the eight other designations overlap between exits 46 and 47 to create an eight-way concurrency. In the United States, concurrencies are marked by placing signs for both routes on the same or adjacent posts.
The federal Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices prescribes that when mounting these adjacent signs together that the numbers will be arranged vertically or horizontally in order of precedence. The order to be used is Interstate Highways, U. S. Highways, state highways, county roads, within each class by increasing numerical value. Several states do not have any concurrencies, instead ending routes on each side of one. There are several circumstances. One example occurs along the Oklahoma–Arkansas state line. At the northern end of this border Oklahoma State Highway 20 runs concurrently with Arkansas Highway 43 and the two highways run north–south along the boundary. Concurrencies are found in Canada. British Columbia Highway 5 continues east for 12 kilometres concurrently with Highway 1 and Highway 97, through Kamloops; this stretch of road, which carries Highway 97 south and Highway 5 north on the same lanes, is the only wrong-way concurrency in British Columbia. In Ontario, the Queen Elizabeth Way and Highway 403 run concurrently between Burlington and Oakville, forming the province's only concurrency between two 400-series highways.
The concurrency was not in the original plan which intended for both the QEW and Highway 403 to run parallel to each other, as the Hamilton–Brantford and Mississauga sections of Highway 403 were planned to be linked up along the corridor now occupied by Highway 407. It was planned for the Mississauga section of Highway 403 would be renumbered as Highway 410 but this never came to pass. Highway 403 was signed concurrently along the Queen Elizabeth Way in 2002, remedying the discontinuity to avoid confusing drivers that wanted to travel between the two segments without using the toll Highway 407. Nonetheless, many surface street signs referring to that section of freeway with the QEW/Highway 403 concurrency still only use the highway's original designation of QEW, although the MTO has updated route markers on the QEW to reflect the concurrency. In the United Kingdom, routes do not run concurrently with others. Where this would occur, the roadway takes the number of only one of the routes, while the other routes are considered to have a gap and are signed in brackets.
An example is the meeting of the M60 and the M62 northwest of Manchester: the motorways coincide for the seven miles between junctions 12 and 18 but the motorway between those points is only designated as the M60. European route numbers as designated by UNECE may have concurrencies, but since the E-route numbers are unsigned and unused in the UK, the existence of these concurrencies is purely theoretical. In Sweden and Denmark, the most important highways use only the European route numbers that have cardinal directions. In Sweden the E6 and E20 run concurrently for 280 kilometres. In Denmark the E47 and E55 run concurrently for 157 kilometres. There are more shorter concurrencies. There are two stretches in Sweden
U.S. Route 27
U. S. Route 27 is a north -- south United States highway in midwestern United States; the southern terminus is at US 1 in Florida. The northern terminus is at Interstate 69 in Indiana. From Miami it goes up the center of Florida west to Tallahassee and north through such cities and towns as Columbus, Georgia, it once extended north through Lansing, Michigan, to Cheboygan, Mackinaw City, for about 3 years as far as St. Ignace. US 27 appeared in 1926, replacing what had been the western route of the Dixie Highway in many places. In Florida, US 27 has been designated the Claude Pepper Memorial Highway by the Florida State Legislature, it was named after congressman Claude Pepper. Nearly the entire length of US 27 in Florida is a divided highway. US 27 begins as North 36th Street in Midtown Miami, heading west from US 1 for 4.4 miles before turning northwest to pass under the western terminus of the Airport Expressway. It proceeds northwest for five miles as South Okeechobee Road, parallel to the Miami Canal, forming the southwest boundary of the city of Hialeah.
After an interchange with the Palmetto Expressway, it continues northwest as North Okeechobee Road for five miles before an interchange with the Homestead Extension of the Florida Turnpike. After another four miles, the highway curves to the north and, after passing the northern terminus of Krome Avenue, crosses into Broward County. In Broward County, the highway passes protected wetlands and heavy duty power lines on the west and the outer reaches of the suburban communities of Pembroke Pines and Weston on the east. US 27 reaches an interchange with I-75 and Alligator Alley before curving to the northwest toward South Bay and Lake Okeechobee; the highway skirts the southwestern shore of Lake Okeechobee and heads west at Clewiston, before making a sharp turn to the north towards Moore Haven. The road proceeds in a northerly direction toward the central Florida communities of Lake Placid, Avon Park, Lake Wales. Widening of US 27 to a six-lane highway continues in Polk County; the following sections have been completed and are open to six lanes of traffic: SR 60 to SR 540 in Lake Wales SR 542 in Dundee to north of I-4 in DavenportNorth of I-4, US 27 contains un-numbered interchanges with US 192 and County Road 474 in Citrus Ridge, SR 50 in Clermont, SR 19 south of Howey-in-the-Hills, which includes a southbound interchange with Florida's Turnpike.
The northbound Turnpike interchange can be found further northwest. US 441 joins US 27 in Leesburg and US 301 in Belleview, only for the road to break away from both in Ocala. US 27 resumes its status as its own route until it reaches Williston and joins US 41; this concurrency continues northward until US 41 reaches High Springs, joins US 441. US 27 heads west along the unsigned SR 20 towards Perry and joins US 19 until US 19 breaks away in Capps, but not before resuming a westward direction. In Tallahassee, the road becomes a major east -- west thoroughfare. Constructed in 1957, the Apalachee Parkway starts at Monroe Street in front of the Florida State Capitol building, it has a short expressway section just east of the capitol is a busy four-lane surface boulevard with service roads for the next few miles, passing the Governor's Square Mall and many state office buildings. Past Tallahassee, US 27 resumes its northwesterly direction; the highway goes through Havana before entering Georgia. In Georgia, US 27 has been designated the Martha Berry Highway by the Georgia State Legislature.
It was named after founder of Berry College in Rome. US 27 is a designated Governor's Road Improvement Program developmental highway corridor which will be widened to four lanes from the Florida state line to the Tennessee state line. All of US 27 in Georgia is concurrent with Georgia State Route 1. In Chattanooga, a portion of US 27 was once signed as I-124. Though the designation still exists, it is no longer signed as such. In and around the Chattanooga area, US 27 is sometimes referred to as Corridor J, the designation of a road in the Appalachian Development Highway System between Chattanooga and London, intended to follow the route of US 27. Throughout its 80-mile stretch between Chattanooga and Harriman, US 27 traverses a valley between the Tennessee River to the east and the Cumberland Plateau to the west; the plateau's Walden Ridge escarpment is visible to the west. From Chattanooga, the highway passes through Soddy-Daisy. Here, it intersects State Route 111, which veers northwestward across the Plateau into Middle Tennessee.
US 27 continues through Sale Graysville before reaching Dayton. At Dayton, it intersects SR 30, which connects Dayton with Pikeville to the west and Decatur to the east, SR 60, which connects Dayton with Cleveland to the southeast. US 27 continues northward through Evensville before arriving at Spring City. At Spring City, it intersects SR 68, which connects the area to Crossville, atop the plateau to the west. From here, US 27 enters Roane County, running concurrently with US 70 going through the city of Rockwood. After US 70 splits to the east, US 27 runs concurrently with SR 61 through Harriman, where it is crossed by I-40. During this stretch, it forms part of the Harvey H. Hannah Memorial Highway, is signed as such. Just beyond Harriman, near the DeArmond community, US 27 ascends the Cumberland Plateau, continues northward across the plateau for
U.S. Route 41 in Florida
U. S. Route 41 in the U. S. state of Florida is a north–south United States Highway. It runs 479 miles from Miami in South Florida northwest to the Georgia border north of the Lake City area. Within the state, US 41 is paralleled by Interstate 75 all the way from Miami to Georgia, I-75 has supplanted US 41 as a major highway. Like all AASHTO designated highways in Florida, US 41 always carries a FDOT designated hidden state road number: State Road 90 from US 1 in Miami to the junction with 5th Avenue/9th Street/Tamiami Trail north in Naples. State Road 45 from US 41 in Naples to the junction with US 441 and North Main Street in High Springs, with the following exceptions: State Road 45A between the north and south termini of US 41 Business in Sarasota County. State Road 684 from the junction with the south end of US 41 Business to 44th Avenue Connection in unincorporated Manatee County. State Road 55 from 44th Avenue Connection to the north end of US 41 Business in Palmetto. State Road 599 from the junction of the south end of US 41 Business and SR 676 east near Tampa to US 92 in Tampa.
State Road 600 from US 41 south to Nebraska Avenue in Tampa. State Road 25 from the junction with US 441, US 41 and North Main Street in High Springs to the Georgia state line near Jennings. Concurrencies include US 301 between Bradenton and Palmetto, US 92, in Tampa, US 98 and SR 50A in Brooksville, SR 44 in Inverness, US 27, between Williston and High Springs, US 441 between High Springs and Lake City, US 129 between Hillcoat and Jasper. According to both AASHTO documentation and FDOT straight line diagram inventory, the defined southern terminus of US 41 is located at Collins Avenue in Miami Beach, but FDOT has chosen not to sign the final leg of the route past SR 90 since 2000. From there, the route runs concurrent with SR A1A westbound south along US 1/SR 5, before meeting the route's signed southern terminus at Brickell Avenue. Between Miami and Naples, US 41 cuts across the Florida peninsula, running through the vast Everglades wilderness; this section has been designated a National Scenic Byway.
The byway runs east–west through the Big Cypress National Preserve, skirting the northern border of the Everglades National Park for about 20 miles. The part of the highway between Tampa and Miami is known as the Tamiami Trail, this section of the road is known as the East Trail, as it runs east-west across the state, in contrast to the road's otherwise distinctively north-south route. Alligators are a common sight along the scenic Tamiami Trail from Miami to Naples. Unlike the parallel road, Alligator Alley, the trail is only one lane in each direction, it has no fences to keep wildlife from crossing it. In Naples, US 41 changes direction at the intersection of hidden SR 90 and hidden SR 45, turning from west to north towards Tampa, or from south to east towards Miami; this segment of US 41 is still considered the Tamiami Trail. US 41 has a bypass in Fort Myers that separates from the trail, however in the Venice Area, US 41 breaks away from the trail onto hidden SR 45A, while US 41 Business uses the trail.
A connector to I-75 can be found just north of the northern end of the business route. Two major US highways terminate at US 41 in the Sarasota-Bradenton Metropolitan Area; the first is US 301 in Sarasota, which runs straight, while US 41 curves to the west towards the John Ringling Causeway, only to turn back north again. North of the western end of it CR 610, it runs along the western edge of Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport where it crosses the Sarasota-Manatee County line. Across from the airport, the road serves as the address for New College of Florida, the University of South Florida's Sarasota/Manatee Campus. In Bradenton, US 41 makes a sharp turn east onto SR 684 at the intersection of US 41 Business; the road curves north onto SR 55 and it encounters US 301 again, shares a short concurrency with the road across the Manatee River. US 301 makes a sharp right turn onto SR 43 at a diamond interchange. Just after the interchange with the northern end of US 41 Business in Memphis, another interchange exists with the southern end of US 301 exists.
Here, US 41 rejoins hidden SR 45, while hidden SR 55 moves to US 19, where it will stay until it reaches Perry. The rest of US 41's journey will continue along the east coast of Tampa Bay. From US 41 Business and SR 676 near the unincorporated Palm River-Clair Mel to US 92 in Tampa, US 41 carries the unsigned SR 599 designation, it contains the northwestern end of the Tamiami Trail at the SR 60 intersection. It is three lanes wide, but between I-4 and the northern end of SR 569 is only two lanes wide; the unsigned state highway is 5.6 miles long. At the northern end, US 41 turns west. Major intersections include the Lee Roy Selmon Expressway, SR 60, I-4, SR 583, SR 569, SR 574. US 41 runs west along US 92 for several blocks, upon doing so shares SR 600 as a hidden route. One other major intersection exists with SR 585, before running along the southern border of the Hampton Terrace Historic District where it turns north onto Nebraska Avenue just before approaching I-275 at Exit 47 A-B. Though not every signalized intersection along Nebraska Avenue provides access to I-275, many of them do.
At first, the road runs through Old Seminole Heights where it remains along the border of the Hampton Terrace Historic District until the intersection of Hanna Avenue. The only other
Archer is a city in Alachua County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,118; the city is named after James T. Archer, the first Secretary of State of Florida, although it was founded by the young Kamren D. Fort. Archer started in the 1840s as a frontier village named Darden's Hammock; the Florida Railroad reached the village in 1858. At this point the city was renamed Archer, after James T. Archer, Florida's first Secretary of State; the first trains stopped in Archer in 1859. Archer is located at 29°31′53″N 82°31′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.9 square miles, of which 6.9 square miles is land and 0.039 square miles, or 0.60%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,289 people, 487 households, 319 families residing in the city; the population density was 542.6 per square mile. There were 529 housing units at an average density of 222.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 60.74% White, 37.63% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 1.24% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population. There were 487 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.32. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,875, the median income for a family was $35,278. Males had a median income of $26,591 versus $21,613 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,345. About 19.3% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.
Archer is served by the School Board of Alachua County, which operates an elementary school in the city. Students in sixth through eighth grade attend middle school in nearby Newberry. Students in ninth through twelfth grade attend Newberry High School in Newberry; the Alachua County Library District operates a branch library in the city. Bo Diddley, rock & roll legend Thomas Gilbert Pearson, a founder of the National Association of Audubon Societies, which became the National Audubon Society City of Archer official website Archer Branch Library
U.S. Route 98 in Florida
U. S. Route 98 is an east-west United States highway that runs 671 miles from the Alabama-Florida state line to southern Florida, it is the longest US road in Florida. It was established in 1933 as a route between Pensacola and Apalachicola, has since been extended eastward across the Florida Peninsula and westward into Mississippi, it runs along much of the Gulf Coast between Mobile and Crystal River, including extensive sections following the coast eastward from the Alabama-Florida state line to St. Marks. At a length of 671 miles, US 98 is the longest numbered route in the state of Florida. Within Florida, US 98 is marked as an east–west road from the Alabama-Florida border to Perry. Throughout most of the Florida Peninsula, the road is marked as a north–south road, but directions return to east-west on the northeast shore of Lake Okeechobee; as is the case with all Florida roads with federal designations, the entirety of US 98 has a hidden Florida Department of Transportation designation: State Road 80 from the US route's eastern terminus at SR A1A to Main Street in Belle Glade.
State Road 15 from Hooker Highway in Belle Glade to the junction with Parrot Avenue and Park Street in Okeechobee. State Road 700 from the route's eastern split in Canal Point to Lake Parker Avenue in Lakeland, again from to US 92 in Lakeland to South Suncoast Boulevard in Citrus County. State Road 35 from SR 60 / Broadway Avenue in Bartow to US 301 in Pasco County, with one exception: State Road 548 from Main Street to George Jenkins Boulevard in Lakeland. State Road 55 from South Suncoast Boulevard in Citrus County to US 221 in Perry. State Road 30 from US 221 in Perry to the Alabama state line via the Lillian Bridge over Perdido Bay, with the following exceptions: State Road 30A between the eastern and western terminii of both of US 98 Business and US 98 Alternate in Bay County State Road 289 from US 98 Business to US 90 in Pensacola. State Road 10A from North 9th Avenue to North Pace Boulevard in Pensacola. State Road 292 from West Cervantes Street to US 98 Business in Pensacola. Concurrencies include US 90 in Pensacola, US 319 from Port St. Joe to St. Teresa and in Medart, ALT US 27 from Perry to Chiefland, US 19 from Perry to Chassahowitzka, US 41 SR 50A in Brooksville, SR 50 from Brooksville to Ridge Manor, US 301 from Moss Town to Clinton Heights, US 17 from Bartow to Fort Meade, US 27 from West Frostproof to South Sebring, US 441 from Okeechobee to Royal Palm Beach, SR 80 from near Belle Glade to Palm Beach.
US 98 is a 671-mile-long route. From the Alabama state line to Apalachee Bay, it follows the coast of the Gulf of Mexico through Pensacola and Panama City Beach, it turns inland and passes through Perry and Chiefland before turning back towards the gulf coast north of Crystal River. The highway stairsteps its way across the peninsula through Dade City and Sebring. Near Lake Okeechobee, it follows the eastern shore toward Belle Glade, it heads east to its endpoint on the Atlantic seaboard in Palm Beach. US 98 enters Florida from Alabama via the Lillian Bridge; the two-lane highway lands on the state's western shore just west of Pensacola as Lillian Highway. At an intersection with SR 298 and County Road 297, Lillian Highway splits away from US 98 and continues along the state road. At SR 173, US 98 widens into a four-lane divided highway. SR 727 provides access to Pensacola's northwestern suburbs; as it enters West Pensacola, US 98 passes along the southern border of the Corry Station Naval Technical Training Center.
It turns north onto the two routes head north together for a short distance. Both SR 173 and SR 295 direct traffic to Naval Air Station Pensacola, which lies three miles south of the intersection of US 98 and SR 295. US 98 enters Pensacola after traversing a short bridge across Bayou Chico. A few blocks it turns onto Pace Boulevard, which takes US 98 north to West Cervantes Street, which carries US 90. Together, US 90 and US 98 run through the heart of Pensacola, they intersect US 29,a half diamond interchange with Interstate 110, the SR 291 one-way couplet of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive and Davis Highway. Shortly thereafter, US 98 turns south at SR 289 and splits away from US 90. US 98 and SR 289 are concurrent for a few blocks until the U. S. Highway's eastbound traffic turns onto E. Chase Street. After a short jaunt on the Bayfront Parkway, US 98 turns south to cross the 3-mile-long Pensacola Bay Bridge over the eponymous body of water; the highway lands on the Fairpoint Peninsula in Gulf Breeze.
It passes Gulf Breeze High School. On the opposite end of the eastward curve is a trumpet interchange with Pensacola Beach Boulevard, which heads south to Pensacola Beach. East of Gulf Breeze, US 98 goes through the Naval Live Oaks Reservation, it meets SR 281 in a populated, yet unincorporated part of Florida. US 98 continues on to Perry through Okaloosa, Bay, Franklin, Wakulla and Taylor counties, passing through different cities and towns, such as Fort Walton Beach, Santa Rosa Beach, Panama City, Port St. Joe, Apalachicola, along the beautiful and well-known Emerald Coast and the quieter, less developed Forgotten Coast. Within the city limits of Perry, US 98 and SR 30 makes a sharp