Speedy is a 1928 American silent comedy film starring comedian Harold Lloyd in the eponymous leading role. It was Lloyd's last silent film to be released theatrically; the film was written by Albert DeMond, John Grey, J. A. Howe, Lex Neal and Howard Emmett Rogers with uncredited assistance from Al Boasberg and Paul Gerard Smith; the film was directed by Ted Wilde, the last silent film to be directed by him, was shot in both Hollywood, on location in New York City. Everybody in New York City "is in such a hurry that they take Saturday's bath on Friday so they can do Monday's washing on Sunday", but in one slower-paced, "old-fashioned corner of the city", Pop Dillon owns and operates the city's last horse-drawn streetcar. His granddaughter Jane Dillon is in love with Harold "Speedy" Swift. Speedy, an avid New York Yankees fan, is working at a soda shop; as well as doing his work, he takes frequent telephone calls during Yankees games and passes the line scores on to the kitchen staff by arranging food items in a display case.
But he loses the job after he is ordered to deliver some flowers and lets someone close a car door on them when he gets distracted by a display of baseball scores in a shop window. Streetcar magnate W. S. Wilton comes to Pop's home to ask for his price to sell the car line, but Speedy spots a newspaper article and realizes that this is part of a plan to form a streetcar monopoly in the city, he surreptitiously raises Pop's written price from $10,000 to $70,000. Wilton angrily threatens to force Pop out instead. Speedy is unworried about being unemployed, he and Jane go to Coney Island, where they enjoy themselves despite various mishaps, such as Speedy ruining his suit jacket by leaning against wet paint. On the way home along with a stray dog that decided to follow them, Speedy proposes to Jane, but she will not marry him until her grandfather's affairs are settled. Speedy is hired as a taxi driver, but for some time a series of mishaps prevents him from taking a passenger, he antagonizes a policeman.
To his delight, Babe Ruth hails the cab to get to Yankee Stadium. Although terrified by Speedy's driving, he offers Speedy a ticket to the game. At the stadium, Speedy happens to overhear Wilton on the telephone. Wilton has learned that if Pop fails to operate the horsecar every 24 hours he will lose his right to the line, orders goons to be sent to disrupt the operation. Speedy arranges with small-business owners on the street to organize a defense; the goons return and steal the horse and car. Again helped by his dog, Speedy finds out where the car manages to steal it back. In a madcap chase scene, he brings it back across the city to Pop's tracks, stealing fresh horses, tricking police to avoid being stopped, replacing a broken wheel with a manhole cover; when Wilton sees the horsecar in place, he agrees to meet Pop's price. Speedy says that Pop is a bit deaf and won't hear him until he offers $100,000. Wilton agrees, Speedy suggests to Jane that they plan a visit to Niagara Falls by horsecar.
During the Coney Island sequence, at one point Speedy gives the finger to himself while looking in a distorted mirror. This may be the earliest motion picture depiction of that gesture. At the end of the scene where Speedy gives Babe Ruth a ride in his taxi, sharp-eyed viewers can look for an missed cameo appearance by Lou Gehrig, Ruth's famous New York Yankee teammate. Gehrig walks by the far side of Speedy's cab, looks directly at the camera through the taxi's window, sticks out his tongue. Gehrig is on screen for about three seconds. Ruth and Gehrig's teammate, Bob Meusel, is seen in the film batting after Ruth hits a home run at the game Harold attends. Meusel's at bat was taken from newsreel footage. Ted Wilde, the director of the film, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director of a Comedy, used for only the 1st Academy Awards, he lost to the director of Two Arabian Knights. Location shooting for the Coney Island scenes cost a reported $150,000. Harold Lloyd as Harold'Speedy' Swift Ann Christy as Jane Dillon Bert Woodruff as Pop Dillon - Her Grand-daddy Byron Douglas as W.
S. Wilton Brooks Benedict as Steve Carter Babe Ruth as himself Harold Lloyd filmography List of United States comedy films Speedy on IMDb Progressive Silent Film List: Speedy at silentera.com Synopsis at AllMovie Speedy at Virtual History Trailer at Archive.org www.film-festival.org Still as Rhode Island International Film Festival notice Speedy essay by Jeffrey Vance for the San Francisco Silent Film Festival
Speedy is the name of two DC Comics superheroes, fictional characters that have each served as teenaged sidekicks for the Green Arrow. The original Speedy's real name was Roy Harper, Jr.. He first appeared in More Fun Comics #73, where he was identified as the orphaned son of Roy Harper, Sr. a forest ranger who had died saving a Navajo medicine chief named "Brave Bow" from a fire. Brave Bow raised the younger Roy himself. Roy Jr. took to this training eagerly, idolized the archer superhero, Green Arrow. As a teenager, Roy is given the opportunity to perform at an archery competition judged by Green Arrow, where he assists the hero at foiling an attempted burglary proving himself to be a faster shot than the hero. Following the death of Brave Bow, Green Arrow asked Roy to serve as his sidekick, an offer Roy accepted, taking the name Speedy. Harper became the ward of billionaire Oliver Queen. There was a second origin in Adventure Comics #209, his parents were both killed. This was in the wilds of Arizona and Roy was found by Indians and brought up by Chief Thunderhead, a great archer who could do many fantastic things with a bow and arrow, who trained the boy in their use.
He told Roy to seek his future with the great archer, Green Arrow. The Chief is now dead. Harper became an early member of the Teen Titans. After the original Titans disbanded, he joined a band called Great Frog and became a drug addict, a first in DC comics, in an award-winning story in Green Lantern #85-86, part of a classic, 14-issue run by the writer-artist team of Denny O'Neil and Neal Adams. Roy spent some time in the Suicide Squad before returning to the Titans, he fathered a daughter by the villainess Cheshire, took the name Arsenal in New Teen Titans #99. In Justice League of America #1, he is referred to as Red Arrow. After his daughter is killed, he has one of his arms cut off by the villain Prometheus in Justice League: Cry for Justice, Roy will star in the mini-series Justice League: The Rise of Arsenal during which he will retake the name of "Arsenal". Mia Dearden was introduced in Green Arrow #2 in 2001. Mia was a teenaged girl who ran from her home after being abused by her father and fell into child prostitution.
Mia was rescued from one of her clients by Oliver Queen, who had just returned from the dead. Mia began to secretly train with Connor Hawke in combat. Mia continually petitioned Green Arrow to allow her to serve as his sidekick, but Oliver continually demurred, not wanting to put another youngster at risk. Mia redoubled her efforts and Green Arrow allowed her to become the new Speedy. Shortly thereafter, she joined the Teen Titans, she has since left the team. Speedy has a wide variety of trick arrows, most famously his punching glove arrow, capable of knocking out villains. Speedy has several other arrows ranging from sleeping gas arrows, exploding arrows, regular arrows. Roy Harper got his superhero name Speedy by being able to shoot more arrows quicker than the Green Arrow, his speed and accuracy of his arrows was recognized by the Green Arrow while training with him. Speedy's name is confused with Kid Flash's superhero name. Bystanders would mistakenly call Kid Flash "Speedy". Along with his excellent archery skills, Speedy has mastered several different types of hand-to-hand combat including judo and karate.
As Arsenal, Roy Harper displayed proficiency with a greater range of weapons, such as guns and boomerangs. He became a master of Moo Gi Gong, allowing him to use any handheld object as a makeshift weapon. Roy Harper can understand Russian. There was an Earth-Two version of Speedy, a member of the Seven Soldiers of Victory and All-Star Squadron in the 1940s along with his mentor Green Arrow. Aside from their origin, having been trained on a mesa top together, their history nearly parallels the history of the Earth-One version up until the point when Speedy and Green Arrow, along with their teammates, were thrown into various periods of time during a battle with the Nebula Man, he and his teammates were retrieved by the Justice Society and the Justice League in order to assist them in saving Earth-Two from the machinations of their old foe the Iron Hand. Speedy had been sent to the island of Circe in the past and turned into a centaur controlled by Circe, but was restored. Years after returning to the present, Speedy came out of retirement, along with his mentor who died during the Crisis on Infinite Earths.
This Speedy and his Green Arrow were retroactively wiped from existence by the events of the Crisis on Infinite Earths. A Bizarro version of Roy Harper as Arsenal appears as one of the heroes of Bizarro World. In addition to sporting a robotic left arm, the Bizarro Arsenal is shown wearing a quiver filled with dead cats, which he uses as weapons. In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Roy Harper is a member of mercenary squad working for industrialist Oliver Queen. Early in the story, however and his fellow mercenaries were killed by an unshown explosion set off by Vixen and a group of anti-Queen activists; the explosion kills everyone in the facility save for Vixen and Oliver Queen, remarkably unscathed though he had been standing right next to Roy, discussing the possibility of becoming a group of actual heroes rather than mercenaries, at the time the explosion went off. In the Titans Tomorrow future, Roy Harper took on the role of Green Arrow and was killed in battl
Tristram Charles Sawyer Speedy was a well-known English explorer and adventurer during the Victorian era. Speedy was born at Meerut, India, a son of James Speedy, an army officer, his wife Sarah, an army officer's daughter. After being educated in England, Speedy returned to India as an army officer himself, he served in the North-West Frontier Province from 1854 to 1860, receiving the Indian Mutiny and Eufoszai medals. While hunting in the Horn of Africa, Speedy was summoned to the court of Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia, who bestowed on him the title Basha Felika. Tewodros employed him to train his army, he served as locum tenens and British vice-consul at the Red Sea port of Massawa. In early 1864, Speedy resigned to travel to New Zealand, he was promoted to captain in 1864, received the Maori Wars medal. During the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia, Speedy's knowledge of Ethiopia was crucial to the commander, Sir Robert Napier. Speedy received the Abyssinian War Medal. After an audience with Queen Victoria, Speedy was appointed guardian to Prince Alamayu Simeon, the young son of the late Emperor Tewodros, who had committed suicide rather than surrender to the British.
Speedy's collection of Ethiopian objects from this time is now in the British Museum. Speedy married Cornelia Cotton in England returned to India with his wife and the Abyssinian prince, he was stationed at Sitapur as District Superintendent of the Oudh Police from 1869 to 1871. During this time, he accompanied the Duke of Edinburgh on a shooting trip in Nepal. In 1871, Speedy sailed to the Straits Settlements in Malaya and became superintendent of police on the island of Penang, he resigned in 1873 to raise and command a body of Indian troops to restore order in Larut, a mining district in the Malayan state of Perak, for the Mentri Ngah Ibrahim. In 1874, Speedy was appointed assistant British resident of Larut and established and named Malaysia’s oldest town, ‘Thaipeng’, meaning ‘Heavenly Peace’, he remained there until 1877. The following year, by Major and Mrs Speedy spent several months exploring Sudan. In 1883-85, Speedy took part in the mission led by Vice-Admiral Sir William Hewett to the court of Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia to negotiate the region's disputed borders.
He returned to Ethiopia in 1897 as part of Rennell Rodd, 1st Baron Rennell's mission to the court of King Menelik to negotiate the Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty, which defined the border with Sudan. During the Abyssinian War the correspondents George Henty of The Standard and Henry Stanley of the New York Herald reported on him extensively; the pioneering society photographer Julia Margaret Cameron captured his image in a series of portraits in 1868. Tristram Speedy appears in A Narrative of Captivity in Abyssinia; the traveller Isabella Bird comments on Captain Speedy and his troops in The Golden Chersonese, the Way Thither. A speech given by Speedy to the girls of North London Collegiate School in about 1883 was remembered by Molly Hughes in her A London Girl of the 1880s: "A certain Captain Speedy had just returned from Abyssinia, gave us an amusing talk about it, dressing up, like a quick-change artist, as a general, a priest, a merchant, a courtier, so on, throwing in some amazing details of their religious rites, wedding ceremonies, methods of commerce.
He won our gratitude, too, by saying:'I understand that you girls have to write an account of my talk to you. Well, the word Abyssinia means confusion, because the races are confused, the religion is confused, the mountains and valleys are confused, I know that I am confused in addressing so many girls. So the more confused your accounts are, the better they will represent the country and the lecture.'" Captain Speedy was the inspiration for Rudyard Kipling’s short story "The Lang Men o’ Larut". He is mentioned in Robert Louis Stevenson’s In the South Seas as dressed in Abyssinian costume, he appears as a hero in Flashman on the March. A play entitled I was a Stranger, written by Peter Spafford and based upon Speedy’s Abyssinian adventure, was broadcast on the BBC on 17 May 2004. Jean Southon, "The Rise and Fall of Basha Felika: Captain Speedy, His Life and Times" 2003. ISBN 978-0-9546337-0-7 Autobiography of Sarah Speedy, Captain Speedy's mother "Inventory of a Captain's Room" - poem by Captain Speedy Photo of Captain Speedy's bungalow in Perak
Pac-Man is an arcade game designed by Toru Iwatani and published by Namco and Midway Games. It was initally released in Japan as PUCKMAN in May 1980, followed by the United States in October of the same year; the gameplay involves the titular character in an enclosed maze filled with individual dots, or pellets. The goal is to consume all of the pellets while avoiding four multi-colored "ghosts" that wander around the maze; as the levels progress, the ghosts progressively become more aggressive, changing their behavior and patterns. If a ghost touches Pac-Man, he loses a life; the maze contains four large "power pellets", which gives the player temporary invulnerability, allowing them to consume the ghosts to earn more points. Throughout the game, fruits appear in the center of the maze, which can be consumed to earn more points. At the time of the game's release, the most popular arcade games were space shooters, such as Space Invaders and Asteroids, with the most noticeable difference being racing games and derivatives of Pong.
Pac-Man received a lukewarm response from critics but has retrospectively been regarded as one of the greatest and most influential video games of all time. It is credited with establishing conventions of the maze chase genre, spawning numerous clones and bootlegs, has since become a social phenomenon and an icon of 1980s popular culture. Pac-Man is one of the highest-grossing video games of all time, having generated more than $2.5 billion in quarters by 1990. Adjusted for inflation, all versions of the game have earned an estimated $12 billion in revenue; the success of Pac-Man led to numerous spin-offs, including more than 30 licensed ones, as well as several bootleg versions, as well as an animated TV series in 1982 and the top-ten single "Pac-Man Fever" by Buckner and Garcia. It is one of the longest-running video game franchises from the golden age of arcade games, was included in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D. C. and the Museum of Modern Art in New York. According to the Davie-Brown Index, the titular character has the highest brand awareness of any video games character among American consumers, with 94% recognition.
The player navigates Pac-Man through a dead-end-less maze containing dots, known as Pac-Dots, four multi-colored ghosts: Blinky, Pinky and Clyde. There is a passageway from the left side of the screen to the right side, four Power Pellets spread out between quadrants, fruits that appear in each level; the goal of the game is to accumulate as many points as possible by collecting dots and eating blue ghosts, while avoiding the four ghosts. When all of the dots in a stage are eaten, that stage is completed, the player will advance to the next one. Between some stages, one of three intermission animations plays; the four ghosts roam the chase Pac-Man. If any of the ghosts touches Pac-Man, a life is lost; when all lives have been lost, the game is over. The player begins with three lives, but DIP switches in the machine can change the number of starting lives to one, two, or five; the player will receive one extra life bonus after obtaining 10,000 points. The number of points needed for a bonus life can be changed to 15,000 or 20,000, or disabled altogether.
Near the corners of the maze are four flashing Power Pellets that provide Pac-Man with a temporary ability to eat the ghosts and earn bonus points that way. The enemies turn deep blue, reverse direction and move away from Pac-Man, move more slowly; when an enemy is eaten, its eyes remain and return to the center ghost box where the ghost is regenerated in its normal color. The bonus score earned for eating a blue ghost increases exponentially for each consecutive ghost eaten while a single Power Pellet is active: a score of 100 points is scored for eating one ghost, 200 for eating a second ghost, 400 for a third, 800 for the fourth; this cycle restarts from 100 points. Blue enemies flash white to signal that they are about to return to their normal color and become dangerous again, the length of time the enemies remain vulnerable varies from one stage to the next becoming shorter as the game progresses. In stages, the enemies go straight to flashing after a Power Pellet is consumed, bypassing blue, which means that they can only be eaten for a short amount of time, although they still reverse direction when a Power Pellet is eaten.
Starting at stage nineteen, the ghosts do not become edible at all, but they still reverse direction. There are fruits that appear twice per level, directly below the center ghost box; this table lists each stage, the type and value of the fruit that appears, how long the ghosts are blue when a power pellet is eaten, how many times the ghosts flash before returning to normal: The enemies in Pac-Man are known variously as "monsters" or "ghosts". In an interview, creator Toru Iwatani stated that he designed each enemy with its own distinct personality to keep the game from becoming impossibly difficult or boring to play. Iwatani described the enemy behaviors in more detail at the 2011 Game Developers Conference, he stated that the red enemy chases Pac-Man, while the pink enemy aims for a position in front of Pac-Man's mouth. The blue enemy is "fickle" and sometimes heads toward Pac-Man, other times away. Although he claimed that the orange enemy's behavior is random, in actuality it alternates from behaving like the red enemy and aiming towards the lower-left corner of the maze.
Pac-Man was designed to have no ending.
Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario Galaxy is a 2007 platform game for the Wii, the third 3D game in Nintendo's Super Mario series. As Mario or Luigi, the player embarks on a quest to rescue Princess Peach, save the universe from Bowser, collect 121 Power Stars; the levels in the game consist of galaxies filled with minor planets and worlds, with different variations of gravity, the central element of gameplay. The player controls the player character using the Wii Remote and Nunchuk, completes missions, fights bosses, reaches certain areas to collect Power Stars. Certain levels use the motion-based Wii Remote functions. Nintendo EAD Tokyo began developing Super Mario Galaxy after the release of Donkey Kong Jungle Beat in late 2004, when Shigeru Miyamoto suggested that Nintendo should commission a large-scale Mario game; the concept for the use of spherical platforms originated from ideas used in Super Mario 128, a technology demonstration shown at Nintendo Space World in 2000. Nintendo aimed to make the game appeal to players of all ages, the team had more freedom in designing it compared to other Super Mario games because of the outer space setting.
The soundtrack was composed by Mahito Yokota and Koji Kondo, using a symphony orchestra for the first time in the series. Super Mario Galaxy was a critical and commercial success, hailed as one of the greatest video games of all time. Super Mario Galaxy is the highest-rated game of all time on review-aggregating site GameRankings. Critics praised the game's graphics, gravity mechanics and setting, it won several awards from gaming publications, including multiple "Game of the Year" titles, became the first Nintendo title to win the British Academy Games Award for Best Game. The game is the ninth bestselling Wii game worldwide with sales of 12.78 million, as well as the second bestselling 3D entry in the Super Mario series. The game was rereleased as a Nintendo Selects title in 2011, as a download via the Wii U's eShop in 2015, on the Nvidia Shield in China in 2018. A sequel, Super Mario Galaxy 2, was released for the Wii in 2010. Super Mario Galaxy is set in outer space, where Mario travels through different galaxies to collect Power Stars, earned by completing missions, defeating a boss, or reaching a particular area.
Each galaxy contains planetoids and orbiting structures for the player to explore. Each astronomical object has its own gravitational force, allowing the player to circumnavigate the planetoids, walking sideways or upside down; the player can jump from one independent object and fall towards another one nearby. Although the main gameplay is in 3D, there are several areas in the game in which the player's movements are restricted to a 2-dimensional plane; the game's main hub is the Comet Observatory, a spaceship which contains six domes that provide access to most of the game's 42 available galaxies, with each dome except one holding five. Five domes end with a boss level in which the objective is to defeat Bowser or Bowser Jr. and earn a special Power Star, known as a Grand Star, that gives the player access to the next dome. The player only has access to one galaxy; the player is awarded the ability to play as Luigi after collecting 120 Power Stars as Mario. Once 120 Power Stars are collected with both characters, the player is rewarded one further challenge which, upon completion, awards the player with two commemorative pictures that can be sent to the Wii Message Board.
The player-character is controlled via Nunchuk. While most of Mario's abilities are taken directly from Super Mario 64, such as the long jump, wall jumps, a variety of somersaults, a new feature called the Star Pointer that uses the Wii Remote's motion sensor is included, it is a cursor. The Star Pointer is used to pick up special konpeito-shaped objects called "Star Bits", which can be shot to stun enemies, manipulate obstacles, or feed Hungry Lumas; the pointer can latch onto small blue objects called "Pull Stars", which can pull Mario through space. In certain levels that encase the player in a floating bubble, the Star Pointer is used to blow wind and maneuver the bubble. Early in the game, the player learns a new ability known as the "Spin" technique, which has appeared in varying forms throughout the Super Mario franchise. In Super Mario Galaxy, the “spin” is used for melee attacks to stun enemies and shatter objects, as well as triggering special propellers called "Sling Stars" or "Launch Stars" that launch Mario across large distances through space.
The "spin" utility is used for climbing vines, ice skating, unscrewing bolts, for activating several power-ups. Other Wii Remote functions are available for smaller quests, such as surfing aboard a manta ray or balancing atop a large ball and rolling it through an obstacle course. Nine power-ups grant Mario temporary abilities. For example, special mushrooms bestow the player with Boo, or Spring Suit; the Bee Suit allows Mario to hover through the air, climb special walls, walk on clouds and flowers. The Fire Flower allows Mario to throw fireballs at enemies, the Ice Flower allows Mario to create hexagonal ice tiles to cover any liquid surface he walks on; the Rainbow Star lets him run faster. Mario's health consists of a three-piece health meter, depleted through contact with enemies and hazards; when swimming underwater, Mario has an air supply meter, which quick
McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, United States. They rechristened their business as a hamburger stand, turned the company into a franchise, with the Golden Arches logo being introduced in 1953 at a location in Phoenix, Arizona. In 1955, Ray Kroc, a businessman, joined the company as a franchise agent and proceeded to purchase the chain from the McDonald brothers. McDonald's had its original headquarters in Oak Brook, but moved its global headquarters to Chicago in early 2018. McDonald's is the world's largest restaurant chain by revenue, serving over 69 million customers daily in over 100 countries across 37,855 outlets as of 2018. Although McDonald's is best known for its hamburgers and french fries, they feature chicken products, breakfast items, soft drinks, milkshakes and desserts. In response to changing consumer tastes and a negative backlash because of the unhealthiness of their food, the company has added to its menu salads, fish and fruit.
The McDonald's Corporation revenues come from the rent and fees paid by the franchisees, as well as sales in company-operated restaurants. According to two reports published in 2018, McDonald's is the world's fourth-largest private employer with 1.7 million employees. The siblings Richard and Maurice McDonald opened in 1940 the first McDonald's at 1398 North E Street at West 14th Street in San Bernardino, California but it was not the McDonald's recognizable today; the brothers introduced the "Speedee Service System" in 1948, putting into expanded use the principles of the modern fast-food restaurant that their predecessor White Castle had put into practice more than two decades earlier. The original mascot of McDonald's was a chef hat on top of a hamburger, referred to as "Speedee". In 1962, the Golden Arches replaced Speedee as the universal mascot; the symbol, Ronald McDonald, was introduced in 1965. The clown, Ronald McDonald, appeared in advertising to target their audience of children. On May 4, 1961, McDonald's first filed for a U.
S. trademark on the name "McDonald's" with the description "Drive-In Restaurant Services", which continues to be renewed. By September 13, McDonald's, under the guidance of Ray Kroc, filed for a trademark on a new logo—an overlapping, double-arched "M" symbol, but before the double arches, McDonald's used a single arch for the architecture of their buildings. Although the "Golden Arches" logo appeared in various forms, the present version was not used until November 18, 1968, when the company was favored a U. S. trademark. The present corporation credits its founding to franchised businessman Ray Kroc in on April 15, 1955; this was in fact the ninth opened McDonald's restaurant overall, although this location was destroyed and rebuilt in 1984. Kroc purchased the McDonald brothers' equity in the company and begun the company's worldwide reach. Kroc was recorded as being an aggressive business partner, driving the McDonald brothers out of the industry. Kroc and the McDonald brothers fought for control of the business, as documented in Kroc's autobiography.
The San Bernardino restaurant was torn down and the site was sold to the Juan Pollo chain in 1976. This area now serves as headquarters for the Juan Pollo chain, a McDonald's and Route 66 museum. With the expansion of McDonald's into many international markets, the company has become a symbol of globalization and the spread of the American way of life, its prominence has made it a frequent topic of public debates about obesity, corporate ethics, consumer responsibility. McDonald's restaurants are found in 120 countries and territories around the world and serve 68 million customers each day. McDonald's operates 37,855 restaurants worldwide, employing more than 210,000 people as of the end of 2018. There are a total of 2,770 company-owned locations and 35,085 franchised locations, which includes 21,685 locations franchised to conventional franchisees, 7,225 locations licensed to developmental licensees, 6,175 locations licensed to foreign affiliates. Focusing on its core brand, McDonald's began divesting itself of other chains it had acquired during the 1990s.
The company owned a majority stake in Chipotle Mexican Grill until October 2006, when McDonald's divested from Chipotle through a stock exchange. Until December 2003, it owned Donatos Pizza, it owned a small share of Aroma Cafe from 1999 to 2001. On August 27, 2007, McDonald's sold Boston Market to Sun Capital Partners. Notably, McDonald's has increased shareholder dividends for 25 consecutive years, making it one of the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats; the company is ranked 131st on the Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. In October 2012, its monthly sales fell for the first time in nine years. In 2014, its quarterly sales fell for the first time in seventeen years, when its sales dropped for the entirety of 1997. In the United States, it is reported. McDonald's closed down 184 restaurants in the United States in 2015, 59 more than what they planned to open; this move was the first time McDonald's had a net decrease in the number of locations in the United States since 1970.
For the fiscal year 2017, McDonalds reported earnings of US$5.2 billion, with an annual revenue of US$22.8 billion, an decrease of 7.3% over the previous fiscal cycle. McDonald's shares traded at over $145 per share, its market capitalization was valued at over US$134.5 billion in September 2018. The compa
Alka-Seltzer is an effervescent antacid and pain reliever first marketed by the Dr. Miles Medicine Company of Elkhart, United States. Alka-Seltzer contains three active ingredients: aspirin, sodium bicarbonate, anhydrous citric acid; the aspirin is a pain reliever and anti-inflammatory, the sodium bicarbonate is an antacid, the citric acid reacts with the sodium bicarbonate and water to form effervescence. It was developed by head chemist Maurice Treneer. Alka-Seltzer is marketed for relief of minor aches, inflammation, headache, stomachache, acid reflux and hangovers, while neutralizing excess stomach acid, it was launched in 1931. Its sister product, Alka-Seltzer Plus, treats cold and flu symptoms; the product has been extensively advertised since its launch in the United States. It was marketed by Mikey Wiseman, a company scientist of Dr. Miles Medicine Company, who helped direct its development. Print advertising was used and in 1932 the radio show Alka-Seltzer Comedy Star of Hollywood began, with National Barn Dance following in 1933, along with many more.
The radio sponsorships continued into the 1950s. Alka-Seltzer TV ads from the 1960s and 1970s in the US were among the most popular of the 20th century, ranking number 13, according to Advertising Age. To increase sales in a flat business, Bayer has revived several of the vintage spots. Paul Margulies—father of actress Julianna Margulies—created the famous "Plop, fizz, fizz" ad campaign when he worked as a Madison Avenue ad executive; the ubiquitous jingle was composed by Tom Dawes—a former member of The Cyrkle. During the race for space in the early 1960s before the moon landing there was a commercial with Speedy in a space suit and a jingle with the lyrics "On Man's first trip through space, I only hope that I'm aboard, securely strapped in place. They'll track our ship with radar and telescopes and soon, imagine seeing Speedy Alka-Seltzer on the moon!" George Raft starred in the 1969 Alka-Seltzer commercial "The Unfinished Lunch". It consisted in the prison lunchroom, he recoils. He bangs his cup on the steel table.
It ripples throughout the room. He starts intoning "Alka-Seltzer, Alka-Seltzer..." Soon, the other hundreds of inmates do the same. (The commercial was so popular that several weeks Raft appeared as a guest on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Raft told Carson. Raft was enraged by the end of the day, thus making his inmate portrayal that much more convincing for the final editing; the film crew gave Raft his crumpled tin cup, which he showed to the audience. An animated mid-1960s commercial, animated by R. O. Blechman, shows a man and his own stomach sitting opposite each other in chairs, having an argument moderated by their therapist in a voiceover; the stomach accuses the man of purposely trying to irritate it. The man accuses his stomach of complaining too much about the foods he likes; the therapist suggests Alka-Seltzer, further suggests that the two must take care of each other. The closing words are of the stomach saying to the man: "Well, I'll try — if you will." Alka-Seltzer had a series of commercials during the mid-1960s that used a song called "No Matter What Shape".
A different version was recorded by The T-Bones and was released as a single, which became a hit in 1966. The ads were unique in that they featured only the midsections of people of all sizes. A version of this ad can be seen in the 1988 motion picture The In Crowd before the movie's first live broadcast of the fictitious "Perry Parker's Dance Party." In an Alka-Seltzer commercial from 1969, an actor in a commercial for the fictional product "Magdalini's Meatballs" has to eat a meatball and say "Mamma mia, that's-a spicy meat-a ball-a!" in an ersatz Italian accent. Take after take is ruined by some comedic trial or another. By the commercial's end, Jack has eaten so many meatballs that it's "Alka-Seltzer to the rescue." With his stomach settled, Jack does a perfect take. The director sighs and says, "OK, let's break for lunch."A 1970 commercial shows a newlywed couple in the bedroom after the woman has finished serving her husband a giant dumpling. She lies on the bed in delusional triumph, she offers her beleaguered husband a heart-shaped meatloaf.
When she hears the fizzy noise coming from the bathroom, he covers the glass of dissolving Alka-Seltzer as she wonders aloud if it is raining. Just when he has recovered his well-being, he hears her misreading recipes for dinner the next night: "Marshmallowed meatballs," "medium salad snails," and "pouched oysters", he returns to the bathroom for more Alka-Seltzer. The catchphrase, Howie Cohen told The Los Angeles Times, was inspired when he ate too much of the food at a London commercial shoot because "I am a nice Jewish kid from the Bronx, so I ate everything," and when he told his wife "I can't believe I ate the whole thing", she said, "There's your next Alka-Seltzer commercial."A 1971 commercial featured another catch-phrase from Cohen, "Try it, you'll like it!" It was remade with Kathy Griffin in 2006. In 1972, an actor spent the com