Szepes was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary, called Scepusium before the late 19th century. Its territory today lies in northeastern Slovakia, with a small area in southeastern Poland. For the current region, see Spiš. Szepes county shared borders with Poland and with the counties as follows: Liptó, Gömör-Kishont, Abaúj-Torna and Sáros. After the late 18th century dismemberment of Poland, the border was with the Austrian province of Galicia, its area was 3,668 km² in 1910. The county became part of Czechoslovakia, apart from a small area now in Poland, after World War I, is now part of Slovakia; the original seat of government of Szepes county was Spiš Castle, constructed in the 12th century. Unofficially from the 14th century, from the 16th century, until 1918 the capital of the county was Lőcse. From the beginning of the 15th century, the county was subdivided into three processuses; the number was changed to four in 1798. In the second half of the 19th century, the number of processuses was increased.
In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of the county Szepes were: This article only covers the history of Szepes when it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. For a complete history of the region see Spiš; the southern part of Szepes was conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary at the end of the 11th century, when the border of the Kingdom ended near Késmárk. The royal county of Szepes was created in the second half of the 12th century. In the 1250s, the border of the Kingdom of Hungary shifted to the north to Podolin and in 1260 – in the northwest – to the Dunajec river; the northeastern region around Gnézda and Ólubló were incorporated only in the 1290s. The northern border of the county stabilized in the early 14th century. Around 1300, the royal county became a noble county; the subsidiary of the Hungarian Chamber responsible for eastern territories was called the Szepes Chamber, it existed from 1563 to 1848. Its seat was the town of Kassa, sometimes Eperjes; the rulers of the county were from the following Hungarian noble families: Zápolya Thurzó Csáky Until 1802, there was a Seat or'Parvus comitatus', known as'Sedes superior' or'Sedes X lanceatorum', situated to the east of Poprad in present-day southern Spiš, whose origin is unknown.
From the 12th century onwards, its inhabitants were known as the "guardians of the northern border." The territory of the county was populated by Germans and Slavs. In 1802, when its inhabitants decided to merge the sedes with Szepes county, it included the following settlements: Ábrahámfalva/Abrahámovce, Betlenfalva/Betlanovce, Filefalva/Filice, Hadusfalu/Hadušovce, Primfalu/Hôrka, Hozelecz/Hozelec, Jánócz/Jánovce, Komarócz/Komárov, Lefkóc/Levkovce, Mahálfalva/Machalovce. More villages were included. The'lance-bearers' were squires; the "sedes" was a collection of non-contiguous areas, which did not constitute a continuous territory. It had an autonomous government, similar to that of normal Hungarian counties, but was subordinated to the head of Szepes county; until the 15th century, its capital was Csütörtökhely/Štvrtok/Donnersmark. Many of the towns of Szepes developed from German colonization of existing Slovak settlements; the German settlers had been invited to the territory from the mid-12th century onwards.
The major immigration came following the devastating Mongol invasion of 1242, which turned Szepes, like other parts of the Kingdom of Hungary, into a depopulated area. There was no significant Slavic population remaining and as it was a part of Hungary, King Béla IV of Hungary invited Germans to colonize the Szepes and other regions; the settlers were traders and miners. The settlements founded by them in the southern parts were mining settlements; until World War II, Spiš had a large German population. The last wave of Germans arrived in the 15th century. In the early 13th century, the people of Szepes created their own religious organization called the "Brotherhood of the 24 royal parish priests", which received many privileges from the local provost, it was re-established after the Tatar invasion in 1248. At the same time, the German settlements of the Hernád and Poprád basins created a special political territory with its own administration, they received collective privileges from King Stephen V in 1271, which were confirmed and extended by King Charles I in 1317, because the Szepesian Germans had helped him to defeat the oligarchs of the Kingdom of Hungary in the battle at Rozgony in 1312.
The territory was granted self
Vlkolínec is a village under the administration of the town of Ružomberok in Slovakia. However, it was a separate village; the first written mention of the village came from 1376 and after 1882 it became part of Ružomberok. Its name is derived from the Slovak word "vlk", i. e. wolf. Vlkolínec has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1993, is one of ten Slovak villages that have been given the status of a folk architecture reservations; this status was granted because the village is an untouched and complex example of folk countryside architecture of the region of the Northern Carpathians. Vlkolínec, situated in the centre of Slovakia, is a remarkably intact settlement with the traditional features of a Central European village, it is the region’s most complete group of these kinds of traditional log houses found in mountainous areas. The village consists of more than 45 log houses each of them made up of three rooms. A wooden belfry from the 18th century as well as the baroque chapel has been preserved.
Houses No. 16 and 17 are turned into a folk museum with all the instruments of daily work. Other historical reservations of folk architecture in Slovakia Brhlovce Čičmany Osturňa Plavecký Peter Podbiel Sebechleby Špania Dolina Veľké Leváre Ždiar Other similar World Heritage Sites Hollókő in Hungary Holašovice in Czech Republic Gammelstad Church Town in Sweden "Vlkolínec". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2009-06-29. Official website
Levoča, Spiš Castle and the associated cultural monuments
The ruins of Spiš Castle is one of the largest castle sites in Central Europe. The castle is situated above the town of Spišské Podhradie and the village of Žehra that with adjacent ecclesiastical town Spišská Kapitula form components of the UNESCO World Heritage site. In 2009, the site was extended to include the famous altar by Master Paul of Levoča and the historic centre of Levoča with many well-preserved Renaissance buildings. Built in the 12th century, it was the political, administrative and cultural centre of Szepes county. Before 1464, it was owned by Hungarian kings, afterwards by the Szapolyai family, the Thurzo family, the Csáky family, by the state. A Romanesque stone castle with fortifications, a two-story Romanesque palace and a three nave Romanesque-Gothic basilica were constructed in the area by the second half of the 13th century. A second extramural settlement was built in the 14th century; the castle was rebuilt in the 15th century. The castle walls were heightened and a third extramural settlement was constructed.
A late Gothic chapel was added around 1470. The Szapolyai clan performed late Gothic transformations, which made the upper castle into a comfortable family residence, typical of late Renaissance residences of the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1780, the castle burned down and has been in ruins since; the castle was reconstructed in the second half of the 20th century, extensive archaeological research was carried out on the site. The old medieval town of the Levoča is still surrounded by most of its 2,5 km long city walls; the main entrance to the old town is via the monumental Košice Gate, with the other two preserved namely Menhard, the Polish Gate. The town square boasts three major monuments: Old Town Hall Lutheran church Basilica of St. JamesThe square is well preserved and contains a number of striking buildings which were the town-houses of the local nobility in the late Middle Ages. Notable in the square is the wrought-iron'Cage of Shame', dating back to the 17th century, used for public punishment of miscreants.
A plaque on one of the houses records the printing and publication in the town of the most famous work of Jan Comenius, the Orbis Pictus. The second biggest church in Slovakia, the Basilica of St. James from the 14th century, houses a magnificent late-Gothic wooden carved altar the highest Gothic wooden altar in the World, created by Master Paul around 1506-1517; this is an exceptionally well-preserved ecclesiastical town overlooking the Spiš Castle. The town consists of the Cathedral of St. Martin, a former monastery, a seminary, a single street with some 30 houses, all of medieval construction and enclosed by a wall build between 1662 and 1665 with Upper and Lower Gates; the cathedral was built between 1245 and 1273 in the Romanesque style with subsequent Gothic extensions. It is one of the largest and most interesting Romanesque monuments in Slovakia, it is the resting place of many lords of Spiš Castle. Its wall paintings from 1317 depict the coronation of king Charles Robert of Anjou; the Church of Holy Spirit at Žehra dates from 1274 and contains wall paintings of the 13th and 14th centuries.
The town situated at the foot of the hill of Spiš Castle contains a number of Renaissance merchants' houses. It has one of the few remaining synagogue buildings in the region. List of castles in Slovakia Spiš Slovak Paradise "Levoča, Spiš Castle and associated cultural monuments". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2008-10-01. "Spišská Kapitula". Slovenský Raj. Retrieved 2009-06-28
Bardejov is a town in North-Eastern Slovakia. It is situated in the Šariš region on a floodplain terrace of the Topľa River, in the hills of the Beskyd Mountains, it exhibits numerous cultural monuments in its intact medieval town center. The town is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites and maintains a population of about 30,000 inhabitants. There are two theories about the origin of the name. According to one theory, the name town comes from the Hungarian word "bárd", which indicated an amount of forested territory which could be chopped down by one man in one day. In the Hungarian name, the "fa" suffix came and it changed the last letter of "bárd" to "bárt", for easier pronunciation.. Another theory derives the name from a Christian personal name Barděj, Barduj with common Slavic possessive suffix -ov; this theory is supported by the first recorded form of the name - Bardujef. The motivation by the personal name is supported by the presence of the suffix preserved in Polish or Slovak sources.
The territory of present-day Bardejov has attracted settlers since the Stone Age. However, the first written reference to the town dates back to the 1240s, when monks from Bardejov complained to King Béla IV about a violation of the town’s borders by Prešov. By that time, the important church of Sv. Aegidius had been built. Fortified in the 14th century, the town became a center of trade with Poland. More than 50 guilds controlled the flourishing economy. Bardejov gained the status of a royal town in 1376 becoming a free royal town; the town’s golden age ended in the 16th century, when several wars and other disasters plagued the country. Beginning in the first quarter of the 18th century, the situation began to improve. Slovaks and Hasidic Jews came into Bardejov in large numbers. By the end of the century, the population of the town had regained the level of the 16th century; the burghers' houses were modified in keeping with current architectural fashion. A Jewish quarter with a synagogue and ritual baths developed in the north-western suburbs.
New churches and bridges were built, as well. During the Reformation, Michal Radašin was called as town pastor. Despite further fires in the last quarter of the 19th century, the town continued to thrive, thanks to major industrialization projects in the region. In 1893, a railway was opened connecting Presov to Bardejov. However, it declined again following the establishment of the first Czechoslovak Republic and became a backward farming region. World War II saw a worsening in the economic situation, though little damage from bombardment. Bardejov was taken by Soviet troops of the 1st Guards Army on 20 January 1945. In 1950, Bardejov was declared a protected city core and extensive restoration of its cultural heritage began; these efforts culminated in Bardejov receiving the European Gold Medal by the International Board of Trustees in Hamburg in 1986 – the first town in Czechoslovakia to receive the award. On November 20, 2000, Bardejov was selected by UNESCO as one of its World Heritage Sites, recognized for its Jewish Suburbia and historic town center.
In November 2010, the city marked the 10th anniversary of its inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Today, Bardejov is known for its authentic old town square, which due to extensive restoration and preservation of its Medieval and Gothic architecture has made Bardejov a popular tourist destination; the town draws on its rich heritage to further develop cultural traditions, such as an annual trade fair and the Roland Games. Like many European small towns, Bardejov maintained a strong Jewish population before World War II and the Holocaust. In March 2006, the Bardejov Jewish Preservation Committee was founded as a non-profit organization by Emil Fish, a survivor of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, born in Bardejov. In July 2005, Mr. Fish returned to Bardejov with his wife and son for the first time since 1949, his response to the disrepair and dilapidation of the synagogues and the Jewish cemetery was a resolve to restore and preserve these properties. The committee is composed of Bardejov survivors, their descendants and friends, others interested in commemorating the vanishing Jewish communities of Eastern Europe.
Today, the committee's stated mission is to: "restore the Jewish properties of Bardejov, Slovakia". Bardejov is dominated by the monumental Church of St. Aegidius, mentioned for the first time in 1247. A three nave basilica with multiple chapels was completed in 1464, it hosts eleven precious Gothic winged altars with panel paintings. The central square, which used to be the town’s medieval marketplace, is surrounded by well-preserved Gothic and Renaissance burghers’ houses as well as the basilica. One of the most interesting buildings is the town hall, built in 1505; the lower part was built in the Gothic style, while the upper part was finished in the Renaissance style. This was the headquarters of the city council and the center of the town's economic and cultural life. In 1903, the town hall was adapted to serve as Šariš County Museum, now known as the Šariš Museum Bardejov, one of the oldest and the biggest museums in Slovakia; the fortification system and town walls date from the 14th and 15th centuries and are listed by the European Fund of C
Banská Štiavnica is a town in central Slovakia, in the middle of an immense caldera created by the collapse of an ancient volcano. For its size, the caldera is known as Štiavnica Mountains. Banská Štiavnica has a population of more than 10,000, it is a preserved medieval town. Because of their historical value, the town and its surroundings were proclaimed by the UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993; the fate of Banská Štiavnica has been linked to the exploitation of its abundant resources of silver ore. According to evidence from excavations, the site was settled during the Neolithic period; the first mining settlement was founded by Celts in the 3rd century BC. It was occupied by the Celtic Cotini tribe. Roman authors mentioned mining activities of the Cotini, who had lived in present-day central Slovakia until they were deported to Pannonia within the Marcomannic Wars by Rome; the site was settled by early Slavs and an old Slovak fortified settlement was situated here in the 10th and 11th century.
The site was called “terra banensium” as early as in 1156. The local population gave the name „Štiavnica“ to the settlement in the valley, the settlement on the hill above came to be called „Bana“; the single common name „Schebnyzbana“ was documented for the first time in 1255. The local Slavic population was joined by skilled German settlers who started arriving in the 13th century, they adapted the local name to the German "Schemnitz". Banská Štiavnica gained the status of a royal town in 1238, as one of the first towns in the Kingdom of Hungary. In the High and Late Middle Ages, the town was the main producer of silver and gold in the Kingdom of Hungary. During the Ottoman Wars, the Turks made concerted efforts to conquer rich mining towns in Upper Hungary; this new threat led Banská Štiavnica to build powerful fortifications, including two castles, in the 16th century. As one of the most important centers of the Protestant Reformation in the country, the town belonged to the Protestant "League of Seven Mining Towns" together with Banská Belá, Banská Bystrica, Kremnica, Ľubietová, Nová Baňa, Pukanec.
The town was a leading center of innovation in the mining industry. In 1627, gunpowder was used there in a mine for one of the first times in the world. To drain water from the flooded mines, a sophisticated system of water reservoirs and channels, known as tajchy, was designed and built by the local scientists Jozef Karol Hell, Maximilian Hell, Samuel Mikovíny in the 18th century. Tajchy not only saved the mines from being closed, but provided energy for the early industrialization; the first mining school in the Kingdom of Hungary was founded there in 1735 by Samuel Mikovíny. Beginning in 1763, the Hofkammer in Vienna, with support from Queen Maria Theresa, transformed the school into the Academy of Mining. In 1807, a Forestry Institute was "established under the decision of Emperor Franz I". In 1919, after the creation of Czechoslovakia, the Academy was moved to Sopron in Hungary; the student traditions of the Academy are still living in its successors, the University of Miskolc and Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, colleges in Sopron, Székesfehérvár, Dunaújváros.
In 1782, Banská Štiavnica was the third biggest town in the Kingdom of Hungary, after Pozsony and Debrecen. But the town's development was too linked to the mining activity, progressively declining since the second half of the 19th century. Nowadays, Banská Štiavnica is an important center of recreation and tourism, benefiting from its rich historical heritage. During World War II, Banská Štiavnica was taken by Soviet troops of the 53rd Army on 7 March 1945. See: Town hall in Banská Štiavnica The heart of the town is the historical Trinity Square dominated by a monumental plague column; the square is used for frequent cultural events and there is a mineralogical museum. Two castles, the so-called “old” one and “new” one, have been transformed into museums; the open air mining museum offers a 1.5-kilometre long underground excursion in mines dated to the 17th century. You will get helmets and lamps. There is opportunity to have English, German or Hungarian speaking guide. You just need to contact them before.
Another ancient mine open to the public is older. This mine, situated just under the center of the town, has attracted numerous famous visitors, from Emperor Joseph II to Prince Albert of Monaco; the town is surrounded by ancient artificial mining water reservoirs called tajchy. Sixty reservoirs were built in the 15th through 18th centuries in order to provide energy for the booming mining industry, they are connected by a more than 100-kilometre long network of channels. These extraordinary historical monuments are now used for recreation. Church of St CatherineIn Kalvária Banská Štiavnica there is a complex of churches and chapels situated near Ostry vrch, built in the eighteenth century by Jesuits. Banská Štiavnica has a population of 10,674. According to the 2001 census, 93.9 % of inhabitants were 2 % Romani people. Many people are descendants of the Carpathian Germans, who played a important role in the medieval history of the to
Kingdom of Hungary
The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the 20th century. The Principality of Hungary emerged as a Christian kingdom upon the coronation of the first king Stephen I at Esztergom around the year 1000. By the 12th century, the kingdom became a European middle power within the Western world. Due to the Ottoman occupation of the central and southern territories of Hungary in the 16th century, the country was partitioned into three parts: the Habsburg Royal Hungary, Ottoman Hungary, the semi-independent Principality of Transylvania; the House of Habsburg held the Hungarian throne after the Battle of Mohács until 1918 and played a key role in the liberation wars against the Ottoman Empire. From 1867, territories connected to the Hungarian crown were incorporated into Austria-Hungary under the name of Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen; the monarchy ended with the deposition of the last king Charles IV in 1918, after which Hungary became a republic.
The kingdom was nominally restored during the "Regency" of 1920–46, ending under the Soviet occupation in 1946. The Kingdom of Hungary was a multiethnic state from its inception until the Treaty of Trianon and it covered what is today Hungary, Slovakia and other parts of what is now Romania, Carpathian Ruthenia, Vojvodina and other smaller territories surrounding present-day Hungary's borders. From 1102 it included Croatia, being in personal union with it, united under the King of Hungary. Today, the feast day of the first king Stephen I is a national holiday in Hungary, commemorating the foundation of the state; the Latin forms Ungarie. The German name Königreich Ungarn was used from 1784 to 1790 and again between 1849 and the 1860s; the Hungarian name was used in the 1840s, again from the 1860s to 1946. The unofficial Hungarian name of the kingdom was Magyarország, still the colloquial, the official name of Hungary; the names in the other native languages of the kingdom were: Polish: Królestwo Węgier, Romanian: Regatul Ungariei, Serbian: Kraljevina Ugarska, Croatian: Kraljevina Ugarska, Slovene: Kraljevina Ogrska, Slovak: Uhorské kráľovstvo, Italian, Regno d'Ungheria.
In Austria-Hungary, the unofficial name Transleithania was sometimes used to denote the regions of the Kingdom of Hungary. The term Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen was included for the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary, although this term was in use prior to that time; the Hungarians led by Árpád settled the Carpathian Basin in 895, established Principality of Hungary. The Hungarians led several successful incursions to Western Europe, until they were stopped by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor in Battle of Lechfeld; the principality was succeeded by the Christian Kingdom of Hungary with the coronation of St Stephen I at Esztergom on Christmas Day 1000. The first kings of the kingdom were from the Árpád dynasty, he fought with Bavarian help, defeated him near Veszprém. The Catholic Church received powerful support from Stephen I, who with Christian Hungarians and German knights wanted a Christian kingdom established in Central Europe. Stephen I of Hungary was canonized as a Catholic saint in 1083 and an Orthodox saint in 2000.
After his death, a period of revolts and conflict for supremacy ensued between the royalty and the nobles. In 1051 armies of the Holy Roman Empire tried to conquer Hungary, but they were defeated at Vértes Mountain; the armies of the Holy Roman Empire continued to suffer defeats. Before 1052 Peter Orseolo, a supporter of the Holy Roman Empire, was overthrown by king Samuel Aba of Hungary; this period of revolts ended during the reign of Béla I. Hungarian chroniclers praised Béla I for introducing new currency, such as the silver denarius, for his benevolence to the former followers of his nephew, Solomon; the second greatest Hungarian king from the Árpád dynasty, was Ladislaus I of Hungary, who stabilized and strengthened the kingdom. He was canonized as a saint. Under his rule Hungarians fought against the Cumans and acquired parts of Croatia in 1091. Due to a dynastic crisis in Croatia, with the help of the local nobility who supported his claim, he managed to swiftly seize power in northern parts of the Croatian kingdom, as he was a claimant to the throne due to the fact that his sister was married to the late Croatian king Zvonimir who died childless.
However, kingship over all of Croatia would not be achieved until the reign of his successor Coloman. With the coronation of King Coloman as "King of Croatia and Dalmatia" in Biograd in 1102, the two kingdoms of Croatia and Hungary were united under one crown. Although the precise terms of this relationship became a matter of dispute in the 19th century, it is believed that Coloman created a kind of personal union between the two kingdoms; the nature of the relationship varied through time, Croatia retained a large degree of internal autonomy overall, while the real power rested in the hands of the local nobility. Modern Croatian and Hungarian historiographies view the relations between Kingdom of Croatia and Kingdom of Hungary from 1102 as a form of a personal union, i.e. that
Wooden churches of the Slovak Carpathians
Carpathian Wooden Churches is the name of a UNESCO World Heritage Site that consists of nine wooden religious buildings constructed between the 16th and 18th centuries in eight different locations in Slovakia. They include two Roman Catholic, three Protestant and three Greek Catholic churches plus one belfry in Hronsek. In addition to these churches there are about 50 more wooden churches in the territory of present-day Slovakia in the northern and eastern part of the Prešov Region. Following is the list of wooden religious buildings included in the World Heritage site; the Roman Catholic wooden church of St. Francis of Assisi in Hervartov has a Gothic character as represented by its tall but narrow structure unusual for a wooden church, it was built in the second half of the 15th century and thus represents the oldest of its type in Slovakia. The floor is made of stones again unlike in most of wooden churches where it is made of wood. Rare wall paintings were added in 1665 during the reformation period and they depict, among others and Eve in the Eden or the struggle of St. George with the dragon.
The main altar of Virgin Mary, St. Catherine of Alexandria, St. Barbara was made between 1460 and 1470 and restored in the second half of the 20th century. Roman Catholic Gothic church of All Saints in Tvrdošín was built in the second half of the 15th century and modified in a Renaissance style in the 17th century. Baroque main altar depicting All Saints is from the end of the 17th century. Remaining part of the original Gothic altar with St. Peter and St. John the Baptist ended up in muzeum in Budapest after the World War I. Worth of notice are ceiling paintings depicting the starry heaven, as well as many religious artefacts from the 17th century. Severe restrictions embodied in the articles of the Congress of Sopron that enabled building of Protestant, so called articular, churches caused their extraordinary appearance, they must have been built within the single year, without any metal parts such as nails, without any tower. Thus the construction of the church in Hronsek began on 23 October 1725 and was finished in the autumn of the 1726, the same year when the adjacent belfry was built as well.
Church has a shape of the cross with arms 23 and 18m long. As there are many unusual motives from Scandinavian architecture, it is assumed that craftsmen from Norway and/or Sweden participated on the construction site. Unique is the ordering of the benches on the choirs so that the church can accommodate 1100 worshipers through its 5 doors; the altar has 6 tables from 1771 by Master Samuel Kialovič. Construction of the wooden evangelical articular church in Leštiny in the Orava region of Slovakia was ordered by Jób Zmeškal and finished in 1688. Interior dates back to the 17th and 18th century and it is whole beautifully painted. Main altar is from the 18th century and the famous Slovak poet Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav was baptised here as well. Built in 1717, church in Kežmarok with one of the most fascinating interiors with exceptional wall paintings as well as wood carvings is considered to be the most beautiful of the last 5 remaining articular churches in Slovakia. In order to raise money for the construction of the church, fund-raising campaigns were conducted in many parts of Europe, e.g. Sweden and Denmark.
The architect of the church was Juraj Müttermann from Poprad and with its width of 30.31m, length of 34.68m, height of 20.60m, it together with 6 side choirs it can serve more than 1500 worshipers, quite an achievement for a wooden church. Ceiling paintings continued for several decades, they depict the Holy Trinity above the altar. Ján Lerch from Kežmarok made the altar between 1727 with the central motive of the Calvary. Extraordinary masterwork is the organ built between 1717 and 1720 by Vavrinec Čajkovský, extended in 1729 by Master Martin Korabinský from Spišská Nová Ves. After general restoration in the 1990s services are again hold there. Greek Catholic church of St. Nicholas in Bodružal built in 1658 consists of three interconnected square-shaped parts along the east–west axis with 3 towers topped with little onion domes and iron crosses. Artistically it belongs to folk Baroque style. Church is surrounded with the cemetery and the belfry from the 19th century; some of the 18th century wall paintings are still preserved as well as iconostasis, other icons from the same century.
Altar was reconstructed in 1990s and the whole building subsequently in the 2004. Two of the three bells was melted down in the World War I and replaced only in the second half of the 1920s. From 1968 until the middle of the 1990s the church was biritual, i.e. holding Greek Catholic as well as Eastern Orthodox services. Nowadays it belongs only to the Greek Catholic Church. Church of St. Nicholas in Ruská Bystrá built at the beginning of the 18th century has just 2 towers and the shape of its perfect geometric roof resembles traditional houses of peasants. Interior with religious artefacts dates back to the 18th century as well. Church of Archangel Michael in Ladomirová built in 1742 without a single nail has the same design as the one in Bodružal including its surroundings. Similar World Heritage Sites Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland Wooden Churches of Maramureş in Romania Kizhi in Russia Wooden Tserkvas of Carpathian Region in Poland and Ukraine Wooden Churches of Ukraine Vernacular architecture of the Carpathians "Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain Area".
UNESCO World Heritage Centre