Spirit Catcher

The Spirit Catcher is a sculpture situated on the shore of Kempenfelt Bay in Barrie, Canada. It was created by sculptor Ron Baird for the Expo 86 in Vancouver. Nine sculptors were asked to submit proposals for Expo 86, two were chosen to be commissioned; the sculpture took six months to sculpt using COR-TEN steel. After the end of the exposition, the sculpture was purchased by the Helen McCrea Peacock Foundation in Toronto for CAD $230,000; the foundation donated the sculpture to the'Barrie Gallery Project' as an inspiration to create an art gallery in the city of Barrie, Canada. The twenty ton, 25 m wide by 21 m tall sculpture was transported to Barrie using two flatbed trucks, was installed by volunteers and two cranes, it took two days during the weekend of 12 June and 13 June 1987, was dedicated on 12 September 1987. The sculpture has 16 kinetic quills, which rock forth when the wind blows. Several months after it was erected on the site in Barrie, the unpredictable winds coming onshore from Kempenfelt Bay caused concern that the quills might fall off.

The quills were redesigned by the artist with the assistance of Mike Davies, the retired vice president of advanced engineering at de Havilland aircraft. The sculpture is a focal point on the Barrie waterfront, serves as both a meeting place and navigational aid to travellers and citizens of the city alike; the installation of the sculpture initiated a drive to place numerous pieces of art around the city which continues to this day. Spirit Catcher information at MacLaren Art Centre

Taco Time Northwest

Taco Time Northwest is a fast-food restaurant chain with over 70 locations in western and central Washington state. The first Taco Time opened in Eugene, Oregon in 1961; the following year, Frank Tonkin, Sr. opened the restaurant's first Washington location in White Center. In 1979, the Tonkin family's restaurants became independent of the parent company, leading to the establishment of Accord Inc. to franchise restaurants in western Washington. The Taco Time restaurants located in eastern Washington and Oregon remained with the original corporation. Taco Time Northwest has 79 restaurants located across Western Washington centered in the Seattle metropolitan area, three stores located in eastern Washington. From 2012 to 2016, the company operated a food truck called the Taco Time Traveler, which offered a limited menu at Downtown Seattle stops during the weekday lunch hour and catered community and private events on the weekend. Official website

Drug policy of Canada

Canada's drug regulations are measures of the Food and Drug Act and the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. In relation to controlled and restricted drug products, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act establishes eight schedules. Of drugs and new penalties for the possession, trafficking and production of controlled substances as defined by the Governor-in-Council. Drug policy of Canada has traditionally favoured punishment of the smallest of offenders, but this convention was broken in 1996 with the passing of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act; until 1908 the use of narcotics, opiates and Tobacco in Canada was unregulated but were on the way of regulation. From the 1850s onwards, Chinese immigrants came to British Columbia in droves, establishing opium dens in their isolated communities. Canadian employers saw the Chinese immigrants as a source of cheap labour, the government viewed opium consumption as another way to gain revenue, imposing a tax on opium factories in 1871. However, with the decline of the gold rush in the 1880s resentment towards the Chinese grew, as unemployed Canadians could not compete with cheap Chinese labour.

Additionally, Japanese immigration to Canada began to rise resulting in demonstrations against Asian labour. In 1907, there was a large demonstration against Asian immigrants in Vancouver's Chinatown. In response to the demonstrations, Deputy Minister of Labour Mackenzie King travelled to British Columbia and interviewed two opium merchants. King was concerned with the growing numbers of white opium users and believed that Canada had to set the precedent on drug use worldwide; the following year the government enacted the Opium Act of 1908, which made it an offence to import, possess or sell opium, while not making it an imprisonable offence. The same year, Parliament passed the Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act 1908, prohibiting the use of cocaine in medicines and requiring pharmaceutical companies to list on the label the ingredients of any medicine if heroin, morphine, or opium was part of the contents; the 1908 drug law created a black market for opium, law enforcement officials believed that the only way to stop this black market was through imprisonment for offenders, so the Opium and Drugs Act 1911 was passed by Parliament.

This created harsher penalties for drug offenders and expanded the list of prohibited drugs to include morphine and cocaine, while cannabis was included in 1923. During World War I, all provinces enacted prohibition, a decision repealed in all areas except Prince Edward Island by 1929. In 1921 the penalties of the Opium and Drugs Act were expanded to provide for a seven-year prison sentence for crimes committed under the Act; the amendment made it an offence to be in a building that contained narcotics, notably shifting the burden of proof to the defendant for this crime. Whipping and deportation became penalties for violations of the 1911 Act in 1922. Canada's 1920s drug policy was strikingly different from that of the present day. Drug users were considered more as criminals than as those with an illness, the enforcement of drug laws was given precedence over the treatment of offenders. Additionally three-quarters of those convicted by the 1911 drug laws were Chinese in 1922; this led many white Canadians to believe.

In 1923, the government introduced the Act to Prohibit the Improper Use of other Drugs. Historians point to the 1922 publication of Emily Murphy’s The Black Candle as the inspiration for the addition of the three extra drugs. However, according to Canadian Historian Catherine Carstairs, Murphy was not respected by the Division of Narcotic Control because of the creative liberties she took in presenting research they had assisted her with. "There were insinuations in the records that the bureaucrats at the division of narcotic control did not think highly of Emily Murphy and did not pay attention to what she was writing about, they didn't consider her a accurate or valuable source."In 1929 the Opium and Narcotic Drug Act was enacted, establishing harsher penalties for drug users. This was to become the main drug regulation in Canada until the late 1960s. In 1954, the penalty for drug trafficking was doubled from seven to fourteen years. During that decade, the media published sensationalized reports of drug use amongst youths though the rate of drug use in Canada was declining.

In 1961, the Narcotic Control Act made the possession of cannabis, amongst other drugs, an indictable offence and made the minimum sentence for drug trafficking fourteen years. Between 1969 and 1973 the Commission of Inquiry into the Non Medical Use of Drugs examined the use of narcotics in Canada and recommended that the drug laws were changed to become more lenient and decriminalize illicit drugs. Although consensus in Parliament appeared to be turning in favour of implementing the Commission's recommendations, the drug laws remained unchanged, although a bill to remove cannabis from the Narcotic Control Act and create a new Part V of the Food and Drugs Act reducing sentences for all offences did pass the Senate but failed in the House of Commons. In 1988, advocating the use of cannabis or cannabis-related products became a crime punishable by $100,000 for a first offence and $300,000 for a second offence, meaning that publishing an opinion article with a favourable position on cannabis became illegal.

The National Organization