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Split infinitive

In the English language, a split infinitive or cleft infinitive is a grammatical construction in which a word or phrase comes between the to and the bare infinitive of the to form of the infinitive verb. An adverb or an adverbial phrase comes between them; the opening sequence of the Star Trek television series contains a well-known example, where William Shatner says "to boldly go where no man has gone before". There are occasions where more than one word splits the infinitive, such as: "The population is expected to more than double in the next ten years". In the 19th century, some linguistic prescriptivists sought to introduce a prescriptive rule against the split infinitive; the construction is to some extent still the subject of disagreement, but modern English usage guides have dropped the objection to it. In Old English, infinitives were single words ending in - - an. Gerunds were formed using to followed by a verbal noun in the dative case, which ended in -anne or -enne. In Middle English, the bare infinitive and the gerund coalesced into the same form ending in -n.

The "to" infinitive was not split in Early Middle English. The first known example of a split infinitive in English, in which a pronoun rather than an adverb splits the infinitive, is in Layamon's Brut: and he cleopede him to; this may be a poetic inversion for the sake of meter, therefore says little about whether Layamon would have felt the construction to be syntactically natural. However, no such reservation applies to the following prose example from John Wycliffe, who split infinitives: For this was gret unkyndenesse, to this manere treten there brother. For this was great unkindness. After its rise in Middle English, the construction became rare in the 16th centuries. William Shakespeare used it once, or twice; the uncontroversial example appears to be a syntactical inversion for the sake of meter: Root pity in thy heart, that when it grows Thy pity may deserve to pitied be. Edmund Spenser, John Dryden, Alexander Pope, the King James Version of the Bible used none, they are rare in the writing of Samuel Johnson.

John Donne used them several times and Samuel Pepys used at least one. No reason for the near disappearance of the split infinitive is known. Split infinitives became more common in the 19th. Daniel Defoe, Benjamin Franklin, William Wordsworth, Abraham Lincoln, George Eliot, Henry James, Willa Cather are among the writers who used them. Examples in the poems of Robert Burns attest its presence in 18th-century Scots: Who dared to nobly stem tyrannic pride. In colloquial speech the construction came to enjoy widespread use. Today, according to the American Heritage Book of English Usage, "people split infinitives all the time without giving it a thought". In corpora of contemporary spoken English, some adverbs such as always and appear more in the split position than the unsplit. Although it is difficult to say why the construction developed in Middle English, or why it revived so powerfully in Modern English, a number of theories have been postulated. Traditional grammarians have suggested that the construction appeared because people place adverbs before finite verbs.

George Curme writes: "If the adverb should precede the finite verb, we feel that it should precede the infinitive…" Thus, if one says: She got rid of her stutter. and She will get rid of her may, by analogy, wish to say: She wants to get rid of her stutter. This is supported by the fact that split infinitives are used as echoes, as in the following exchange, in which the riposte parodies the odd collocation in the original sentence: Child: I accidentally forgot to feed the hamster. Parent: Well, you'll have to try harder not to "accidentally forget", won't you? Here is an example of an adverb being transferred into split infinitive position from a parallel position in a different construction. Transformational grammarians have attributed the construction to a re-analysis of the role of to. In the modern language, splitting involves a single adverb coming between the verb and its marker; this is an emphatic adverb, for example: I need you all to pull your weight. I'm gonna pulverise him.

Sometimes it is a negation, as in the self-referential joke: Writers should learn to not split infinitives. However, in modern colloquial English any adverb may be found in this syntactic position when the adverb and the verb form a close syntactic unit. Compound split infinitives, i.e. infinitives split by more than one word involve a pair of adverbs or a multi-word adverbial: We are determined to and utterly eradicate the disease. He is thought to never have made such a gesture before; this is a great opportunity to once again communicate our basic message. Examples of non-adverbial elements participating in the split-infinitive construction seem rarer in Modern English than in Middle English; the pronoun all appears in this position: It was their nature to all hurt one another.and may be combined with an adverb: I need you to all pull your weight. However an object pronoun, as in the Layamon example above, would be unusual in modern English because

Walter B. Lane

Walter B. Lane was an American photojournalist and Life magazine staffer. Lane’s first big assignment for Life magazine was to cover the occupation of Iceland by American forces in 1941 during which his return home was delayed for nearly a month due to German U Boat threats. By September 15 that year, he had his first Life cover picture published. One of his last contributions to the magazine was with his photograph of Henry Luce, its founder, talking to theologian Paul Tillich published as part of the memorial issue. Among Lane's military subjects were German prisoners-of-war arriving at the Eustis Railroad to begin their orientation program, while others shows POWs attending Catholic services and painting the required white PW on their dyed black uniforms, he made portraits of military personnel B. Carroll Reece and Commodore James K. Vardaman among others. Lane was a frequent documenter of politicians. Famously when photographing President Truman receiving a gift of strawberries, the President threw one into his mouth.

His other subjects include Senator Robert M LaFollette Jr working at his desk. A well-known image by Lane is Mahlon Haines' Shoe House, shot at night. At the American Penwomen's Luncheon he photographed author Taylor Caldwell and Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor. Behind the scenes at the New York Herald Tribune Syndicate he showed columnist Joseph W. Alsop Jr. sitting at desk with brother Stewart Alsop as they worked. For science stories Lane photographed Head of the US Atomic Energy Commission David E. Lilienthal and other members Sumner Pike, Lewis Strauss, Robert Bacher and Albert Einstein. Lane's 1946 Pattern of Lighted Office Windows in the RFC Building, a rectilinear architectural image that catches silhouettes of workers inside the building, was selected by Edward Steichen and enlarged to mural scale for the 1955 world-touring Museum of Modern Art exhibition The Family of Man, seen by 9 million viewers


Bloquera is an EP created by Maanumental, Sir Kado, Superbrush 427 and Thes One. The group decided to take a spur of the moment road trip to Mexico as an ultimate road trip; the album was a result of a two-week road trip to Mulegé, Baja California Sur, Mexico, the inspiration for the album. During their stay in Mulegé the group camped on the beach facing the Gulf of California where they fished for their meals, visited local taco stands, purchased produce from local farmers, attended local baseball, they filmed their trip using two Super 8 mm film cameras to document the trip. The video was released. Tres Records is now out of print; the album is still available for purchase on the iTunes Store. Each member of the group took on a unique alias for the album, listed below: Maanumental as Maanu MyGoose Newman as Sandy Sand Dollar Sir Kado as The Sea Troll Superbrush 427 as Big Sun Thes One as The Sassy Warlock Shine On – 4:04 Taller Gomez – 5:03 Tricky Trakes – 1:02 Fiesta – 3:54 Back to the Grind Again – 4:44 Maanumental – Newman – Sir Kado – Superbrush 427 – Thes One – Sausen –


CollecTF is a database of transcription factor binding sites in the Bacteria domain. CollecTF compiles only experimentally validated TF-binding sites; this is accomplished through the manual curation of peer-reviewed literature with a special focus on the experimental process used to identify TF-binding sites. CollecTF entries are periodically submitted to NCBI for integration into RefSeq complete genome records as link-out features, maximizing the visibility of the data and enriching the annotation of RefSeq files with regulatory information. Seeking to facilitate comparative genomics and machine-learning analyses of regulatory interactions, in its initial release CollecTF provides domain-wide coverage of two TF families, as well as extensive representation for a clinically important bacterial family, the Vibrionaceae. Http://

Vansan Movies

Vansan Movies is an Indian film production company established by Shan Sutharsan, CEO of Vansan Group, founded in 2015. The company's first project titled Sethupathi directed by S. U. Arun Kumar starred Remya Nambeesan in the lead roles; the film released worldwide on 19 February 2016, it received positive reviews from critics and was a commercial success. The production's next release was the comedy film, Enakku Vaaitha Adimaigal, while Radha Mohan's Brindavanam was released in May 2017.. Upcoming project Sindhubaadh was announced in March 2018, which revealed that S. U. Arun Kumar is all set to direct another venture starring Vijay Sethupathi as the protagonist and actress Anjali Yuvan Shankar Raja was onboard to compose music for the film. Official website Vansan Movies on IMDb

Matthew Best (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral The Honourable Sir Matthew Robert Best & Bar, MVO was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief and West Indies Station. Best was born in Frampton, Dorset, on 18 June 1878, the fifth child and third son of George Best and his wife Edith Anne. Best joined the Royal Navy in 1892, he served in the First World War and fought at the Battle of Jutland in 1916 as Staff Officer to the Commander-in-chief of the Grand Fleet where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. He was appointed Commanding Officer of HMS Queen Elizabeth in 1919 and Commanding Officer HMS Nelson and Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief of the Atlantic Fleet in 1927, before becoming Commander of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron in the Atlantic Fleet in 1929, he was appointed Admiral Superintendent of Malta Dockyard in 1931 and Commander-in-Chief and West Indies Station, based at the Royal Naval Dockyard Bermuda, in 1934. He was promoted vice-admiral on 13 November 1932 and admiral on 19 June 1936, he died with the rank of admiral in 1940 at Frampton in Dorset