A vessel's home port is the port at which it is based, which may not be the same as its port of registry shown on its registration documents and lettered on the stern of the ship's hull. In the cruise industry the term "home port" is often used in reference to the port in which a ship will take on / change over the majority of its passengers while taking on stores and fuel. In a navy, a ship's home port is the port best suited to provide maintenance and restock weaponry particular to ships of that class and build. On conclusion of a tour of duty, a combat vessel returning to port will return to its home port. A single home port makes it easier for family to visit sailors on leave. Flag of convenience
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, west of Honolulu. It has been long visited by the Naval fleet of the United States, before it was acquired from the Hawaiian Kingdom by the U. S. with the signing of the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875. Much of the harbor and surrounding lands is now a United States Navy deep-water naval base, it is the headquarters of the United States Pacific Fleet. The U. S. government first obtained exclusive use of the inlet and the right to maintain a repair and coaling station for ships here in 1887. The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on December 7, 1941, was the immediate cause of the United States' entry into World War II. Pearl Harbor was an extensive shallow embayment called Wai Momi or Puʻuloa by the Hawaiians. Puʻuloa was regarded as the home of the shark goddess, Kaʻahupahau, her brother, Kahiʻuka, in Hawaiian legends. According to tradition, the head of the powerful Ewa chiefs, is credited with cutting a navigable channel near the present Puʻuloa saltworks, by which he made the estuary, known as "Pearl River," accessible to navigation.
Making due allowance for legendary amplification, the estuary had an outlet for its waters where the present gap is. During the early 19th century, Pearl Harbor was not used for large ships due to its shallow entrance; the interest of United States in the Hawaiian Islands grew as a result of its whaling and trading activity in the Pacific. As early as 1820, an "Agent of the United States for Commerce and Seamen" was appointed to look after American business in the Port of Honolulu; these commercial ties to the American continent were accompanied by the work of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. American missionaries and their families became an integral part of the Hawaiian political body. Throughout the 1820s and 1830s, many American warships visited Honolulu. In most cases, the commanding officers carried letters from the U. S. Government giving advice on governmental affairs and of the relations of the island nation with foreign powers. In 1841, the newspaper Polynesian, printed in Honolulu, advocated that the U.
S. establish a naval base in Hawaii for protection of American citizens engaged in the whaling industry. The British Hawaiian Minister of Foreign Affairs Robert Crichton Wyllie, remarked in 1840 that "... my opinion is that the tide of events rushes on to annexation to the United States." From the conclusion of the Civil War, to the purchase of Alaska, to the increased importance of the Pacific states, the projected trade with countries in Asia and the desire for a duty-free market for Hawaiian staples, Hawaiian trade expanded. In 1865, the North Pacific Squadron was formed to embrace Hawaii. Lackawanna in the following year was assigned to cruise among the islands, "a locality of great and increasing interest and importance." This vessel surveyed the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands toward Japan. As a result, the United States claimed Midway Island; the Secretary of the Navy was able to write in his annual report of 1868, that in November 1867, 42 American flags flew over whaleships and merchant vessels in Honolulu to only six of other nations.
This increased activity caused the permanent assignment of at least one warship to Hawaiian waters. It praised Midway Island as possessing a harbor surpassing Honolulu's. In the following year, Congress approved an appropriation of $50,000 on March 1, 1869, to deepen the approaches to this harbor. After 1868, when the Commander of the Pacific Fleet visited the islands to look after American interests, naval officers played an important role in internal affairs, they served as arbitrators in business disputes, negotiators of trade agreements and defenders of law and order. Periodic voyages among the islands and to the mainland aboard U. S. warships were arranged for members of the Hawaiian royal family and important island government officials. When King Lunalilo died in 1873, negotiations were underway for the cession of Pearl Harbor as a port for the duty-free export of sugar to the U. S. With the election of King Kalākaua in March 1874, riots prompted landing of sailors from USS Tuscarora and Portsmouth.
The British warship, HMS Tenedos landed a token force. During the reign of King Kalākaua the United States was granted exclusive rights to enter Pearl Harbor and to establish "a coaling and repair station." Although this treaty continued in force until August 1898, the U. S. did not fortify Pearl Harbor as a naval base. As it had for 60 years, the shallow entrance constituted a formidable barrier against the use of the deep protected waters of the inner harbor; the United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom signed the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 as supplemented by Convention on December 6, 1884, the Reciprocity Treaty was made by James Carter and ratified it in 1887. On January 20, 1887, the United States Senate allowed the Navy to exclusive right to maintain a coaling and repair station at Pearl Harbor.. The Spanish–American War of 1898 and the desire for the United States to have a permanent presence in the Pacific both contributed to the decision. Following the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom, the United States Navy established a base on the island in 1899.
On December 7, 1941, the base was attacked by the Imperial Japanese Navy airplanes and midget submarines, causing the American entry into World War II. One of the main reasons that Pearl Harbor happened was because the United States had major communication breakdowns among several branches of the U. S. armed services and departments of the U. S. government. This led to the surprise Japanese attack at the Hawai
Spokane Garry was a Native American leader of the Middle Spokane tribe. He acted as a liaison between white settlers and American Indian tribes in the area, now eastern Washington state; the future Spokane Garry was born at the junction of the Spokane and the Little Spokane Rivers in or around 1811. He was the son of the tribal chief of the Middle Spokanes, whose name is given by various sources as Illim-Spokanee and Ileeum Spokanee; when white settlers arrived in the area in 1825, the boy was one of two chosen by the Hudson's Bay Company to be taught at an Anglican mission school at Fort Garry, Rupert's Land, run by the Missionary Society of the Church of England. Before he left for Manitoba, he was renamed "Spokane Garry" in honor of his tribe and the deputy governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, Nicholas Garry, his baptism on June 24, 1827 is said to be the first Protestant baptism of a non-white person west of the Rocky Mountains. He was accompanied by another boy known as Kootenais Pelly, who became Garry's closest friend at the school.
The students learned English at Fort Garry and were taught new forms of survival skills. Garry found adjusting to the new life difficult. One story relates that he was once disciplined for disobedience by being whipped with a switch while an older white student held him. Garry became afraid and clenched his teeth only to realize afterwards that he had bitten into the ear of the student holding him; the student waved off the inadvertent attack, leading Garry to realize for the first time that white settlers could be well-intentioned, but that resistance to authority would be futile. Chief Illim-Spokanee died in late 1828; when spring arrived and Pelly left the mission school and began the arduous trek back to the Spokane River so that Garry could assume the position of chief of his tribe. Upon their return to Spokane in the fall of 1829, Garry passed on what he had learned at Fort Garry to both his people and to the neighboring peoples of the Columbia Plateau, they returned to the mission the next spring.
In 1831 Garry was sent back to the West to notify the Kootenais of Pelly's death, which had taken place at Easter. Garry spent much of the next few years preaching his simple Anglican faith in the Columbia Plateau and teaching his people methods of agriculture which he had picked up at the Red River settlement, he found that his new position within the tribal hierarchy created a stronger sense of duty to his people and a need to ensure their peaceful co-existence with white settlers. At this time he married a woman. In the 1840s the Spokanes were visited by a number of missionaries. Rev. Samuel Parker of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions was impressed by the piety of the peoples of the region, but other Protestant missionaries thought less of the Indians' typical activities, while Catholic missionaries were hostile to both. None were successful in converting the Spokanes to their denominations of Christianity. However, the missionaries' denunciation of Spokane Garry's simple but "primitive" faith was said to have lessened his reputation among the Christians and among his people.
His decision to take a second wife was viewed negatively. In the mid-1840s Garry joined the first Walla Walla expedition. While there, the party found themselves short of trading goods and went into the mountains to hunt for hides. A white man named Grove Cook killed a young Christian member of the party named Toayahnu, the son of Piupiumaksmaks the chief of the Walla Wallas; the apparent unwillingness of the Indian agent at Walla Walla, Elijah White, to prosecute the crime enraged the Indians. Garry, a wealthy man by the standards of his tribe, attempted to keep the peace between the two groups. On October 17, 1853, Garry met with Isaac Stevens, the newly appointed Governor of Washington Territory. Stevens professed himself surprised that Garry could speak both English and French fluently, but wrote that he found himself frustrated by Garry's unwillingness to speak frankly. Two years Stevens summoned the Walla Walla, Nez Perce and Yakama tribes to negotiate a treaty, as well as asking Garry to attend as an observer.
The chiefs agreed on a treaty and it seemed there would be peace, but soon the Yakama decided against allowing the whites to take their land and began to prepare for war against the United States. They recruited younger members of the Spokanes, but Garry was able to prevent his men from joining the impending battle, he could not stop the war, which began on September 23 with the deaths of several miners on the Yakima River and of A. J. Bolton, the special agent to the Yakamas; when Stevens heard that war had broken out, he went to the Spokane village and demanded to speak to Garry. The chiefs of the Coeur d'Alenes, the Spokanes, Colvilles, as well as the leaders of the local French Canadian community were in attendance. Stevens promised friendship, but asked the Spokanes to decide between signing a treaty that would hand most of their land over to the whites or declaring war against the United States, he said in part: I think it is best for you to sell a portion of your lands, live on Reservations, as the Nez Perces and Yakimas agreed to do.
I would advise you as a friend to do that... If you think my advice good, we should agree, it is well. If you say, "We do not wish to sell," it is good, because it is for you to say... Garry mad
The Battenberg Cup is an award given annually as a symbol of operational excellence to the best ship or submarine in the United States Navy Atlantic Fleet. The cup was awarded as a trophy to the winner of cutter or longboat rowing competitions between crews of American and British naval ships. In more recent years it has been presented to the Battle Efficiency "E" winner selected as the best all-around ship of the Fleet based on crew achievements; these include performance in competition for Atlantic Fleet Sportsmanship Award, TYCOM Sailor of the Year Award, Golden Anchor Award, Captain Edward F. Ney Memorial Award, command excellence awards. Other information, such as operating schedules and unusual factors contributing to the nomination may be considered. In 1905, Prince Louis of Battenberg, commanding the five ships of the Royal Navy's 2nd Cruiser Squadron, visited the United States, making port visits in New York City and Washington, D. C. Shortly after his return to England, Battenberg sent the cup to Rear Admiral Robley Evans who at the time commanded the US North Atlantic Fleet.
Battenberg requested. The challenge rules were set up for cutter racing, including a provision that British sailors could compete with their American counterparts “whenever a ship holding the cup would fall in with a British Man-O-War.” Only once in 34 years of competition and 52 challenges did the Americans lose the cup to the British. The rowing competition was never resumed; the cup was present at the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 aboard USS West Virginia, the last ship to win the cup. It survived the sinking of the West Virginia during the attack and remained aboard as she was raised and returned to the war; the ship retained custody of the cup until her decommissioning in 1947 when the cup was displayed at several Navy commands. It was placed in the Navy Memorial Museum in Washington, D. C. until the competition reemerged in 1978 with new criteria. The side of the 3-foot-high, silver-plated cup is engraved, "To the enlisted men of the North Atlantic Fleet from their British cousins of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron.
In grateful remembrance of the many kindnesses, tokens of good fellowship and wonderful entertainments that were given to them in cordial friendship by their comrades across the sea." It features the crossed ensigns of the US Royal Navy. 2017 — USS Hartford 2016 — USS Mason 2015 — USS George Washington 2014 — USS Alaska 2013 — USS Gettysburg 2012 — USS Dwight D. Eisenhower 2011 — USS George H. W. Bush 2010 — USS Boise 2009 — USS Carney 2008 — USS Kearsarge 2007 — USS Enterprise 2006 — USS Dwight D. Eisenhower 2005 — USS Memphis 2004 — USS Anzio 2003 — USS Harry S. Truman 2002 — USS George Washington 2001 — USS Theodore Roosevelt 2000 — USS George Washington 1999 — USS Miami 1998 — USS Barry 1997 — USS George Washington 1996 — USS Barry 1995 — USS America 1994 — USS Barry 1993 — USS Theodore Roosevelt 1992 — USS San Jacinto 1991 — USS Theodore Roosevelt 1988 — USS Nicholas 1986 — USS Underwood 1985 — USS Iowa 1983 — USS John F. Kennedy 1982 — USS Mississippi 1980 — USS Briscoe 1979 — USS Richard L. Page 1978 — USS Albany 1978 — USS Holland 1941–1977 — NO AWARD 1940 — USS West Virginia 1939 — USS Enterprise 1937 — USS Tennessee 1936 — USS Concord 1935 — USS Concord 1934 — USS Arkansas 1931 — USS Arizona 1920 — USS Nevada 1919 — USS Arizona 1918 — USS Arizona 1909 — USS Minnesota 1907 — HMS Argyll 1906 — USS Illinois Stillwell, Paul.
Battleship Arizona. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1991. ISBN 0-87021-023-8. OCLC 23654474
USS Chafee is an Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer in United States Navy. She is named for Senator John Lester Hubbard Chafee, a Marine veteran of Guadalcanal who served as the Secretary of the Navy. Chafee was laid down by the Bath Iron Works at Bath in Maine on 12 April 2001, launched on 2 November 2002 and commissioned on 18 October 2003. Chafee left her homeport of Pearl Harbor 20 May 2005 for her maiden deployment with the Nimitz Carrier Strike Group, she returned to her homeport after a scheduled deployment in support of the Global War on Terrorism. Chafee departed Pearl Harbor 9 April 2007, as part of the San Diego based Nimitz CSG and deployed to the U. S 5th Fleet area of operations. On 1 June 2007, Chafee fired her main gun at Al-Qaeda suspects in the Puntland region of Somalia; the men were wanted for the 1998 United States embassy bombings. Chafee returned home to Pearl Harbor on 22 September 2007, marking the end a successful 167-day Western Pacific and Middle East deployment.
Chafee operates out of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The construction of USS Chafee and USS Momsen, from initial steelcutting to sea trials, was documented in the Discovery Channel television special "Destroyer: Forged in Steel"; the destroyers were not referenced by name. A white anchor on a background of blue surrounded by a thin wavy white border, surrounded by a red border, marked with thirteen gold stars; the anchor - at the center of the shield - is borrowed from the Secretary of the Navy's Flag, in reference to John Chafee's time in that position. The thirteen stars is a reference to Chafee's home state; the wavy border symbolizes Navy. The color white represents integrity. Blue and gold are the traditional colors of the navy, the colors denote the sea the excellence, respectively. While the color red denotes courage. In gold, an eagle is holding a red serpent with its beak; the eagle is clutching arrows with its talons, it is perched on a representation of the Senate Chamber of the Capitol Building.
Behind the eagle, a Naval Officer's sword and a Marine Corps mameluke in saltire points upwards. A laurel wreath encircles the eagle; the base of the crest is a white decorative rope. The two swords signify Chafee's military service in two wars the mameluke symbolizes his time in the Marine Corps; the laurel wreath is a symbol Chafee's honor and achievement during his time as a marine, Secretary of the Navy and governor. The eagle is a reference to the senator's time as the Secretary of the Navy; as mentioned before, the color gold and red represents courage, respectively. Commanding the Seas; the coat of arms is the shield. The coat of arms is placed on a white background, is surrounded by a dark blue oval, bordered by a gold chain; the ship's name is inscribed at the top of the oval, the hull number is inscribed at the bottom. This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U. S. government publication, is in the public domain. Media related to USS Chafee at Wikimedia Commons Official Ship's site
USS Sampson (DDG-102)
USS Sampson is an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in the United States Navy. She was authorized in 2002, her Keel was Laid on the 20th of March 2005. She was Christened on September 16, 2006 and commissioned in 2007, she is the fourth U. S. Navy ship named to honor Rear Admiral William T. Sampson, she was built by Bath Iron Works in Maine. At her christening on 16 September 2006, the principal address was delivered by Senator Susan Collins of Maine, the vessel was christened by Clara Parsons, great-granddaughter of R. Adm. Sampson and daughter of William Sterling Parsons, as the ship's sponsor. Commander Philip Roos is the ship's first commanding officer, she was commissioned in Boston, Massachusetts on 3 November 2007. On 29 December 2014, the USS Sampson was dispatched to the Java Sea to search for Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 that disappeared the day before. In 2016 the ship was assigned to Destroyer Squadron 9, working with Carrier Strike Group 11, she arrived at her new homeport, Naval Station Everett in Washington, on September 26, 2016.
The Royal New Zealand Navy invited the United States Navy to send a vessel to participate in the RNZN's 75th Birthday Celebrations in Auckland over the weekend of 19–21 November 2016. The USS Sampson was the first US warship to visit New Zealand in 33 years since the New Zealand nuclear-free zone came into effect and the US suspended its obligations to New Zealand under the ANZUS treaty. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key granted approval for the ship's visit under the New Zealand's anti-nuclear law, which requires that the Prime Minister has to be satisfied that any visiting ship is not nuclear armed or powered, it was announced on 15 November 2016 that, following a magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Kaikoura, the Sampson and other navy ships from Australia, Canada and Singapore would instead proceed directly to the area to provide humanitarian assistance. Spokane Trophy Award Retention Excellence Award The ship is featured in the 2012 film Battleship where she is destroyed by the Red Stinger during the intense combat in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Hawaii with its sister ship USS John Paul Jones.
This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U. S. government publication, is in the public domain. Soundings, 20 September 2006, Vol. 33, No. 38, pages 12–13 – www.soundingsnews.com. Official website