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Spondylitis is an inflammation of the vertebra. It is a form of spondylopathy. In many cases, spondylitis involves one or more vertebral joints as well, which itself is called spondylarthritis. Pott's disease is a tuberculous disease of the vertebrae marked by stiffness of the vertebral column, pain on motion, tenderness on pressure, prominence of certain vertebral spines, abdominal pain, abscess formation, paralysis. Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease involving the spine and sacroiliac joints, is therefore a form of spondylarthritis. A combination of spondylitis and inflammation of the intervertebral disc space is termed a spondylodiscitis. Spondylitis is one of the most common causes of back and neck pain, results from inflammation of the vertebral joints; the condition is not detected until it has developed and is causing pain. The pain is concentrated around the cervical region of the neck and lower spine, with downward-moving stinging pain. Types of spondylitis include cervical spondylitis – which affects the cervical spine, causing pain to spread the back of the neck.

Spondylitis FAQ

Udo Jürgens

Udo Jürgens was an Austrian composer and singer of popular music whose career spanned over fifty years. He won the Eurovision Song Contest 1966 for Austria, composed close to 1,000 songs, sold over 100 million records. In 2007 he additionally obtained Swiss citizenship, he is credited with broadening German-language pop music beyond the traditional postwar "Schlager" in the 1950s by infusing it with a modern pop appeal and French chanson style. His compositions and arrangements attracted fans of all ages; until his death at age 80 he continued to fill venues in Germany and Switzerland. In 1952 Udo Bolan, as he was called formed the Udo Bolan Quartet In Klagenfurt, Austria appearing at the Café Obelisk in Klagenfurt with Englishman Johnny Richards on drums, Klaus Behmel on guitar and Bruno Geiger on Bass; the quartet played at various dance and jazz venues and broadcast on Radio Alpenland and the British Forces Radio network produced by Mike Fior. In 1950, he won a composer contest organized by Austria's public broadcasting channel ORF with the song "Je t'aime".

He wrote the 1961 worldwide hit "Reach for the Stars", sung by Shirley Bassey. In 1964, he represented Austria for the first time at the Eurovision Song Contest 1964 with the song "Warum nur, warum?", finishing sixth. The UK participant, Matt Monro, was impressed with the melody and covered the song as "Walk Away," which reached number four in the UK Singles Chart and number 23 in the US Billboard Hot 100 chart. Jürgens' song "Sag ihr, ich lass sie grüßen" came fourth in 1965's contest, on his third try he won the Eurovision Song Contest 1966 in Luxembourg with "Merci, Chérie", which became an English-language hit for Vince Hill, another cover by Monro, one of Jürgens' most recognized compositions. Jürgens' version alone sold over one million copies, he was awarded a gold disc by Deutsche Vogue in 1966. In the following years, he wrote the songs, like "Griechischer Wein", "Aber bitte mit Sahne", "Mit 66 Jahren", — one of his biggest successes — "Buenos Días, Argentina", which he performed together with the Germany national football team in 1978.

In 1977, he recorded gala concert. The Supremes, who were on a brief farewell tour of Europe at the time, performed two of their own hits, "You Are The Heart of Me" and "You're My Driving Wheel", as well as a duet with Jürgens' "Walk Away" in English. In 1979, he released a disco album entitled Udo'80, it produced a hit song "Ich weiß was ich will". This song was released as a 12 inch disco single in an extended remix for discothèques. On 2 December 2007, the jukebox musical Ich war noch niemals in New York opened in Hamburg's Operettenhaus, it weaves songs by Jürgens into a familial storyline, similar to the treatment of ABBA songs in Mamma Mia!, the musical it succeeded at the venue. Since 2015, Udo Jürgens holds the worldwide-record as the artist with the longest presence in the charts - more than 57 years from his first entry 1958 till 2015. "Merci, Chérie", whose original German lyrics were written by Thomas Hörbiger, has been translated or adapted into several languages and covered by dozens of artists in both vocal and instrumental recordings.

These versions include: "Merci Chérie" by Claude Carrère and André Salvet "Merci" by Vito Pallavicini "Merci Cherie" by Baker Cavendish "Merci Cherie" by Fred Bekky "Merci Chérie" by Al Sandström "Merci Chérie" by Gina Trandafirescu "Merci Cheri" by Andrzej Ozga Jürgens himself recorded many of the translations for international release, including a version in Japanese. More recent covers include Belinda Carlisle's 2007 recording of the French version. In addition to recording Cavendish's "Merci, Chérie" lyric, Matt Monro covered five more Jürgens compositions, all with English lyrics written by his manager Don Black. Four of these became associated with the British singer: "Warum nur warum?" became "Walk Away" "Du sollst die Welt für mich sein" became "Without You" "Was Ich Dir Sagen Will" became "The Music Played" "Illusionen" became "If I Never Sing Another Song", performed by Frankie Laine, Shirley Bassey, Sammy Davis, Jr. and other entertainers. A fifth Jürgens song, "In Dieser Welt," became "Lovin' You Again," and in 1969 Monro recorded both Spanish and English versions, the latter not released until August 2012.

In one of his last recording sessions, Bing Crosby covered an English version of Jürgens' "Griechischer Wein" called "Come Share The Wine,", written by Black. The song was released after Crosby's death in 1977 as the title track of a compilation album and was recorded by Al Martino. In the early 1990s, the German thrash metal band Sodom released a'metalized' cover of the boogie "Aber bitte mit Sahne". In 2009 the German band Sportfreunde Stiller covered "Ich war noch niemals in New York" together with Jürgens on their MTV Unplugged concert in Munich. On 21 December 2014, Jürgens died of acute heart failure in Münsterlingen, Switzerland at the age of 80. With Austria's success at the 2014 Eurovision Song Contest, the first since Jürgens' success in 1966, Jürgens expressed his interest in performing in the interval of the nex

Nebraska Library Commission

The Nebraska Library Commission is a Nebraska state government agency. Located in Lincoln, the Library Commission provides reference, resources and consulting for all types of library in the state; the various collections housed at the Library Commission are used to serve librarians, state employees, seekers of government information, visually handicapped Nebraskans. The Library Commission is a clearinghouse for state government publications and makes many documents accessible online. Nebraska residents are provided access to current magazines, newspapers, genealogical records, business information through NebraskAccess. Nebraska Memories makes Nebraska-related historical and cultural heritage materials accessible worldwide; the Talking Book & Braille Service provides free books and magazines on cassette and in Braille to individuals with a visual or physical condition or a reading disability which limits use of regular print. This service is part of a nationwide network of cooperating libraries headed by the National Library Service, a division of the Library of Congress.

The Library Commission provides training, both live and online, to librarians throughout the state of Nebraska. The Nebraska Library Commission's statutory authority is set forth under Article 4, Chapter 51 of Reissue Revised Statutes of Nebraska. In addition to the powers granted in Chapter 51, state statutes provide that the Commission is the state agency designated to receive federal library program funds appropriated for the Library Services and Technology Act; the mission of the Nebraska Library Commission is statewide promotion and coordination of library and information services. As the state library agency, the Commission is an advocate for the library and information service needs of all Nebraskans. All Nebraskans will have improved access to enhanced library and information services and facilitated by qualified library personnel and supporters with the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to provide excellent library and information services. Nebraska libraries will have appropriate technology to access and deliver online library and information services.

Official website Nebraska Library Commission catalog Nebraska Library Directory

Harry Cann

Harry Cann was an English professional footballer who made 225 appearances in the Football League playing as a goalkeeper for Plymouth Argyle. Cann was born in Cornwall, he played for his local club before joining Plymouth Argyle in 1927. He made his debut in the Football League towards the end of the 1927–28 season, took over from Fred Craig as first-choice goalkeeper the following year, he joined Fulham on a free transfer in 1939. The Second World War put an end to his League career, but he played for Fulham in the 1939–40 season of the wartime competitions, featured as a guest for West Ham United, his brother, Leonard Cann, was a goalkeeper for Tintagel and once appeared in a Southern League game for Argyle while on trial with the reserve team. Dyer, Peter Tintagel: a portrait of a parish.: Cambridge Books.

Common stingaree

The common stingaree is a species of stingray in the family Urolophidae. The most abundant ray in inshore waters off eastern Australia, it inhabits estuaries, sandy flats, rocky reefs from the shore to a depth of 60 m; this plain brownish to grayish species has a rounded pectoral fin disc with a broadly triangular snout. Its nostrils have enlarged lobes on their outer margins and a skirt-shaped curtain of skin with a fringed posterior margin between them, its tail bears a small dorsal fin before the stinging spine, terminates in a leaf-shaped caudal fin. This ray can grow to 52 cm long; when young, the common stingaree preys entirely on shrimp. It is aplacental viviparous, with the developing embryos sustained by histotroph produced by the mother. Females bear two pups at a time; the common stingaree contributes to the bycatch of commercial trawl and other fisheries within its range, is caught by recreational fishers. It survives capture well, but tends to abort any gestating young; the common stingaree population does not appear to be in decline, thus it has been listed as near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

The earliest known record of the common stingaree is a drawing made by English naturalist Joseph Banks during the first voyage of James Cook from 1768 to 1771, of a specimen from New Holland, never preserved. Based on the drawing, German biologists Johannes Müller and Jakob Henle described the species in their 1839–41 Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen, creating for it the new genus Trygonoptera and giving it the specific epithet testacea, derived from the Latin word for "brick-colored". In Australia, this species may be referred to as "stingray" or "stingaree"; the distribution of the common stingaree is limited to the coastal waters off eastern Australia, extending from Caloundra in southern Queensland to Cape Howe in Victoria. It is the most abundant inshore ray within its range; the common stingaree is a bottom-dweller that favors sandy flats and rocky reefs, ventures well upstream into brackish estuaries. Most it is found between the surf zone to a depth of 60 m, though there are records from offshore, soft-bottomed areas as far down as 135 m.

The common stingaree has a rounded pectoral fin disc wider than long, with nearly straight anterior margins that converge at a broad angle on the fleshy snout. The tip of the snout may protrude past the disc; the eyes are of medium size and followed by comma-shaped spiracles with angular posterior margins. The outer rim of each nostril is enlarged into a flattened lobe. A skirt-shaped curtain of skin is found between the nostrils, with a fringed posterior margin that overhangs the small mouth. There is a patch of papillae on the lower jaw, 3–5 papillae across the floor of the mouth; the teeth are small with oval bases. The five pairs of gill slits are short; the pelvic fins are small with rounded margins. The tail measures 86–90% as long as the disc and has a flattened oval cross-section without lateral folds. One or two serrated, stinging spines are placed atop the tail about halfway along its length; the end of the tail bears an leaf-shaped caudal fin. The skin is smooth; the common stingaree is an unmarked brownish or grayish above, lightening towards the edges of the fins, darkening on the dorsal fin and the caudal fin trailing margin.

The underside is white with wide dusky bands bordering the lateral margins of the disc. This species can grow to 52 cm, 61 cm long; the common stingaree occupies a similar ecological niche as the related eastern shovelnose stingaree, which has a more southerly distribution. Polychaete worms comprise over three-quarters of this ray's diet by volume. A major secondary food source is crustaceans shrimp but amphipods, penaeid prawns, crabs and stomatopods. Small bony fishes and molluscs are infrequently consumed. Young rays 10–15 cm feed exclusively on shrimp. Like other stingrays, the common stingaree is aplacental viviparous, with females sustaining their embryos via nutrient-rich histotroph. Two pups are born at a time in early spring after a gestation period of a year as in related species. Newborns measure around 12 cm long. Known parasites of the common stingaree include a species of tapeworm in the genus Acanthobothrium, a species of fluke in the genus Monocotyloides, the monogenean Heterocotyle robusta, the nematodes Paraleptus australis and Proleptus urolophi.

Substantial fishery activities take place throughout the range of the common stingaree. Large numbers are caught incidentally by trawlers of the Eastern King Prawn and the East Coast Trawl Fishery off Queensland, the Ocean Prawn Trawl Fishery off New South Wales. To a lesser

Hassane Azzoun

Hassane Azzoun is an Algerian judoka, who played for the half-heavyweight category. He is a six-time medalist at the African Judo Championships, a bronze medalist for his division at the 2007 All-Africa Games in Algiers. At age twenty-nine, Azzoun made his official debut for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, where he competed for the men's half-heavyweight class, he lost his first preliminary match by an ippon and a sode tsurikomi goshi to Azerbaijan's Movlud Miraliyev. Because his opponent advanced further into the semi-finals, Azzoun offered another shot for the bronze medal by entering the repechage rounds, he was defeated in his first match by Georgia's Levan Zhorzholiani, who scored an ippon and a kuzure kami shiho gatame, at three minutes and fifty-four seconds. Hassane Azzoun at NBC Olympics Profile