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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Needle-clawed bushbaby

The needle-clawed bushbabies are the two species in the genus Euoticus, in the family Galagidae. Galagidae is sometimes included as a subfamily within the Lorisidae. Genus Euoticus Southern needle-clawed bushbaby, Euoticus elegantulus Northern needle-clawed bushbaby, Euoticus pallidus E. p. pallidus E. p. talbotiUnique to the needle-clawed bushbaby are the keeled nails, featuring prominent central ridges ending in needle-like points, present on all digits except the thumbs, the big toes, the second foot phalanges which have claws. The first specimen of E. elegantulus to arrive in Europe from Africa was brought by Gerald Durrell. The uncovering of this bush baby is documented in his 1957 book A Zoo in My Luggage. Primate Info Net Euoticus Factsheets

Greater sage-grouse

The greater sage-grouse known as the sagehen, is the largest grouse in North America. Its range is sagebrush country in the western United States and southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada, it was known as the sage grouse until the Gunnison sage-grouse was recognized as a separate species in 2000. The Mono Basin population of sage grouse may be distinct; the greater sage-grouse is a permanent resident in its breeding grounds but may move short distances to lower elevations during winter. It makes use of a complex lek system in mating and nests on the ground under sagebrush or grass patches, it forages on the ground eating sagebrush but other plants and insects. Greater sage-grouse do not have a muscular crop and are not able to digest hard seeds like other grouse; the species is in decline across its range due to habitat loss and has been recognized as threatened or near threatened by several national and international organizations. Adult greater sage-grouse have a pointed tail and legs with feathers to the toes.

The adult male has a yellow patch over each eye, is grayish on top with a white breast, has a dark brown throat and a black belly. The adult female is mottled gray-brown with dark belly. Adult males weigh between 4 and 7 pounds. Adult females are smaller, ranging in length from 19 to 23 inches and weighing between 2 and 4 pounds. Greater sage-grouse are obligate residents of the sagebrush ecosystem inhabiting sagebrush-grassland or juniper sagebrush-grassland communities. Meadows surrounded by sagebrush may be used as feeding grounds. Use of meadows with a crown cover of silver sagebrush is important in Nevada during the summer. Greater sage-grouse occur throughout the range of big sagebrush, except on the periphery of big sagebrush distribution. Greater Sage-Grouse prefer mountain big sagebrush and Wyoming big sagebrush communities to basin big sagebrush communities. Sagebrush cover types other than big sagebrush can fulfill greater sage-grouse habitat requirements. Greater sage-grouse in Antelope Valley, for example, use black sagebrush cover types more than the more common big sagebrush cover types.

Hens with broods on the National Antelope Refuge in Oregon were most found in low sagebrush cover. Desert shrub habitat may be used by greater sage-grouse. Sagebrush communities supporting greater sage-grouse include fringed sagebrush, their historic range spanned 16 American states and Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan in Canada. Between 1988 and 2012, the Canadian population declined by 98%. By 2012, they were extirpated from British Columbia and left with only remnant populations in Alberta with 40 to 60 adult birds, in Saskatchewan with only 55 to 80 adult birds. By 2013, sage grouse were extirpated from five U. S. states. In 2013, the Canadian Governor in Council on behalf of the Minister of the Environment, under the Species at Risk Act, annexed an emergency order for the protection of the greater sage-grouse. Greater sage-grouse are notable for their elaborate courtship rituals; each spring, males congregate in leks and perform a "strutting display". Groups of females select the most attractive males with which to mate.

The dominant male located in the center of the lek copulates with around 80% of the females on the lek. Males perform in leks for several hours in the early evening during the spring. Video Males gather in leks to court in late February to April. Only a few dominant males two, breed. Sage grouse mating behaviors are complex. After mating, the hen leaves the lek for the nesting grounds. Open areas such as swales, irrigated fields, burns and areas with low, sparse sagebrush cover are used as leks. Of 45 leks, 11 were on windswept ridges or exposed knolls, 10 were in flat sagebrush, seven were in bare openings, the remaining 17 were on various other site types. Leks are surrounded by areas with 20 to 50% sagebrush cover, with sagebrush no more than 1 ft tall. Daily morning lek attendance by male Sage grouse can vary between years, with lower attendance on days with precipitation. Greater sage-grouse disperse to areas surrounding the leks for nesting. In a study of habitat selection by male greater sage grouse in central Montana during breeding season, sagebrush height and canopy cover at 110 daytime feeding and loafing sites of cocks were recorded.

About 80% of the locations occurred in sagebrush with a canopy cover of 20–50%. In another Montana study, sagebrush cover averaged 30% on a cock-use area, no cocks were observed in areas of less than 10% canopy cover; some females travel between leks. In Mono County, the home range of marked females during one month of the breeding season was 750 to 875 acres, enough area to include several active leks. DNA from feathers dropped at leks showed that about 1% of grouse may travel long distances to explore breeding areas up to 120 miles away, a type of long-distance dispersal that can boost populations and temper inbreeding. Within a week to ten days following breeding, the hen builds a nest in the vicinity of the lek. Hens nest near the lekking grounds, but some hens have been noted to fly as far as 20 miles to favorable nesting sites. Quality of nesting

US/ICOMOS International Exchange Program

The US/ICOMOS International Exchange Program is an exchange program for young professions in historic preservation through the United States National Committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites. The aim of the program is to promote an understanding of international preservation policies and techniques that lead to a continuing dialogue between countries; as of 2007, nearly 600 young preservation professionals and over 70 countries have participated in this program since its creation in 1984. The program began with a one-time exchange between ICOMOS United Kingdom, it since has expanded to involve between 30 young preservation professionals each year. US/ICOMOS internships are geared toward individuals who are in their last year of a relevant graduate program or have been working for 1–3 years in a professional capacity; the program is competitive in that only 1 in 5 applicants are awarded internships in any given year. Interns are selected on a competitive basis for participation in the US/ICOMOS International Exchange Program.

Internships are 12 weeks in length and are held during the summer, although some internships may be held at other times of the year. US/ICOMOS hosts all U. S. and international interns for a program orientation in Washington, DC. Interns disperse to their various host organizations where they complete a preservation-related project designed by the host organization. At the end of the summer, all interns reconvene in DC for a final farewell program; the program is made possible through generous grants from many U. S. foundations, government agencies and individual contributors, ICOMOS National Committees of participating countries. Interns must be graduate students or young professionals with at minimum an undergraduate degree in a preservation-related field. Candidates are asked to submit a curriculum vitae, two letters of recommendation, a 500-word essay describing their reasons for wanting to participate in the program, examples of their work. Participants are selected on the basis of skill, demonstrated commitment to historic preservation, previous experience and academic concentration in the field and the ability to represent their country in an exchange program.

In addition, interns are chosen whose skills, training and previous experience match the needs of host organizations. Applications submitted by U. S. citizens are selected for specific internships by a jury of professional members of US/ICOMOS. The file of the strongest candidate for a particular internship is sent to the host office for review and final approval. US/ICOMOS International Exchange Program US/ICOMOS Official Site

Barry Cooper (musicologist)

Barry Cooper is an English musicologist, organist, Beethoven scholar, editor of the Beethoven Compendium. Born in Westcliff-on-Sea in Essex, Cooper studied piano and composition in his childhood, leading to scholarships to Gordonstoun School and to University College, where he studied organ with John Webster and earned an MA in 1973 and a DPhil in 1974, his musical compositions include The Ascension. But Cooper is best known for his books on Beethoven, as well as a completion and realization of Beethoven's fragmentary Symphony No. 10. Having extensively studied Beethoven's sketchbooks and written a book about them and the Creative Process, Cooper felt confident enough to identify the sketches for the individual movements of the Symphony and put together those for the first movement into a musically satisfactory whole; the realisation was recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Wyn Morris. It was revised and received its public premiere in 1988 by the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Walter Weller.

In a way, this fulfilled Beethoven's promise of his Symphony No. 10 to the Royal Philharmonic Society, since the premiere was at a concert given by this society. Several recordings are available. From 1974 to 1990, Cooper taught at the University of Aberdeen, where he became interested in early printed music in that city, as well as music theory in 18th-century England, he has discovered rare 17th-century French harpsichord music as well as one of the oldest canons now known. Cooper released a new edition of the Beethoven Piano Sonatas incorporating three additional sonatas not included. Cooper wrote the accompanying critical text to the sonatas, detailing the changes made and the many thousands of corrections to the sonatas. Since 1990, Cooper has taught, at the University of Manchester; as well as Beethoven's sketches, Cooper teaches courses in Western Music History, bibliography skills and harmony and counterpoint

HernĂ¡n Carrasco Vivanco

Hernán Carrasco Vivanco is a former Chilean football manager, who created a legacy in El Salvador by winning five Primera División titles with Alianza F. C. in 1966, 1967, 1989 and CONCACAF Champions' Cup in 1967 - Atlético Marte 1969, 1970 and Águila in 1968 and in 1987 he won a Primera Division National Championship and coached the El Salvador national team at 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico. However it was an unhappy campaign losing all three games and he resigned afterwards, he made an important contribution to the development of one of the best teams in Chilean history: Universidad de Chile "Blue Ballet". He was for many years president of the Chilean coaches and was one of the founders of the Salvadoran Coaches Association, he has his own football school called the Academia Futuro de Hernán Carrasco Vivanco