An ambling gait or amble is any of several four-beat intermediate horse gaits, all of which are faster than a walk but slower than a canter and always slower than a gallop. Horses that amble are sometimes referred to as "gaited," in the United States. Ambling gaits are smoother for a rider than either the two-beat trot or pace and most can be sustained for long periods, making them desirable for trail riding and other tasks where a rider must spend long periods in the saddle. Horses able to amble were desired for riding long distances on poor roads. Once roads improved and carriage travel became popular, their use declined in Europe but continued in popularity in the Americas in areas where plantation agriculture was practiced and the inspection of fields and crops necessitated long daily rides; the ability to perform an ambling gait is an inherited trait. In 2012, a DNA study found that horses from several gaited and harness racing breeds carried a mutation on the gene DMRT3, which controls the spinal neurological circuits related to limb movement and motion.
In 2014, that mutation was found to originate in a single ancestor to all gaited horses. Some gaited breeds perform these gaits from birth, others need to be trained to do them; some breeds have individuals who can both perform a trot or pace. In the Standardbred breed, the DMRT3 gene was found in trotting horses, suggesting that it inhibits the ability to transition into a canter or gallop. Though there are differences in footfall patterns and speed of the various gaits they were collectively referred to as an "amble." The many different names for these gaits reflect the nuanced differences sought by aficionados of each particular breed, with traits considered desirable in one breed sometimes discouraged in another. Gaited breeds occur in many parts of the world, but are prevalent in North and South America. Ambling was described as early as the Hittite writings of Kikkuli, The amble was prized in horses in the Middle Ages due to the need for people to travel long distances on poor roads; the Old High German term for a gaited horse was celtari, cognate to Icelandic tölt.
English amble is a 14th-century loan from Old French from Latin ambulare "to walk". Horse types with ambling ability included the valuable palfrey. By the 18th century, the amble was a topic of discussion among horse trainers in Europe, the 1728 Cyclopedia discussed the lateral form of the gait, derived from the pace, some of the training methods used to create it in a horse that did not appear to be gaited; as roads improved and carriage travel became more common, followed by railroads, riding horses that trotted became more popular in Europe. The amble was still prized in the Americas in the southern United States and in Latin America where plantation agriculture required riders to cover long distances every day to view fields and crops. Today, ambling or gaited horses are popular amongst casual riders who seek soft-gaited, comfortable horses for pleasure riding; as a general rule, while ambling horses are able to canter, they are not known for speed, nor is it easy for them to transition from an ambling gait into the canter or gallop.
Thus, in history, where comfort for long hours in the saddle was important, ambling horses were preferred for smoothness, sure-footedness and quiet disposition. However, when speed and quick action was of greater importance, horses that trotted were more suitable due to their speed and agility; when horses were used in warfare during the Middle Ages, it was not uncommon for a knight to ride an ambling horse to a battle site switch to a war horse for galloping into the actual battle. All ambling gaits have four beats; some ambling gaits are lateral gaits, meaning that the feet on the same side of the horse move forward, but one after the other in a footfall pattern of right rear, right front, left rear, left front. Others are diagonal, meaning that the feet on opposite sides of the horse move forward in sequence right rear, left front, left rear, right front. A common trait of the ambling gaits is that only one foot is off the ground at any one time. Ambling gaits are further distinguished by the cadence of the footfall pattern.
One distinction is whether the footfall rhythm is four equal beats in a 1-2-3-4 rhythm. Many breeds of horses inherit the ability to perform these gaits, which may be observable from birth or may present with a minimal amount of training; some horses without apparent inborn gaited. However, training is not successful unless there is some inherited genetic ability in the horse. Ambling gaits can be taught by restraining the horse at a trot or pace; the length of the stride is kept long, but the rider asks the horse to alter its balance to break up the two strides in such a manner to produce a four-beat gait. Sometimes, this effect is accidentally produced in an attempt to create the slow two-beat jog trot desired in western pleasure competition when the horse cannot sustain a slow jog and falls into a shuffling, four beat gait described as "trotting in front and walking behind,", penalized in the show ring; some horses can both trot and amble, some h
Equine nutrition is the feeding of horses, mules and other equines. Correct and balanced nutrition is a critical component of proper horse care. Horses are non-ruminant herbivores of a type known as a "hindgut fermenter." Horses have only one stomach. However, unlike humans, they need to digest plant fiber that comes from grass or hay. Ruminants like cattle are foregut fermenters, digest fiber in plant matter by use of a multi-chambered stomach, whereas horses use microbial fermentation in a part of the digestive system known as the cecum to break down the cellulose. In practical terms, horses prefer to eat small amounts of food throughout the day, as they do in nature when grazing on pasture lands. Although this is not always possible with modern stabling practices and human schedules that favor feeding horses twice a day, it is important to remember the underlying biology of the animal when determining what to feed, how and in what quantities; the digestive system of the horse is somewhat delicate.
Horses are unable to regurgitate food, except from the esophagus. Thus, if they overeat or eat something poisonous, vomiting is not an option, they have a long, complex large intestine and a balance of beneficial microbes in their cecum that can be upset by rapid changes in feed. Because of these factors, they are susceptible to colic, a leading cause of death in horses. Therefore, horses require clean, high-quality feed, provided at regular intervals, plus water and may become ill if subjected to abrupt changes in their diets. Horses are sensitive to molds and toxins. For this reason, they must never be fed contaminated fermentable materials such as lawn clippings. Fermented silage or "haylage" is fed to horses in some places. Horses and other members of the genus Equus are adapted by evolutionary biology to eating small amounts of the same kind of food all day long. In the wild, horses ate prairie grasses in semi-arid regions and traveled significant distances each day in order to obtain adequate nutrition.
Therefore, their digestive system was made to work best with a small but steady flow of food that does not change much from day to day. Digestion begins in the mouth. First, the animal selects pieces of forage and picks up finer foods, such as grain, with sensitive, lips; the front teeth of the horse, called incisors, nip off forage, food is ground up for swallowing by the premolars and molars. The esophagus carries food to the stomach; the esophagus enters the stomach at an acute angle, creating a one-way valve, with a powerful sphincter mechanism at the gastroesophageal junction, why horses cannot vomit. The esophagus is the area of the digestive tract where horses may suffer from choke. Horses have a small stomach for their size, which limits the amount of feed that can be taken in at one time; the average sized horse has a stomach with a capacity of only 4 US gallons, works best when it contains about 2 US gallons. One reason continuous foraging or several small feedings per day are better than one or two large meals is because the stomach begins to empty when it is two-thirds full, whether the food in the stomach is processed or not.
The small intestine holds 10 US gallons to 12 US gallons. This is the major digestive organ where 50 to 70 percent of all nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream. Bile from the liver acts here, combined with enzymes from the pancreas and small intestine itself. Equids do not have a gall bladder, so bile flows an adaptation to a slow but steady supply of food, another reason for providing fodder to horses in several small feedings; the cecum is the first section of the large intestine. It is known as the "water gut" or "hind gut." It is a blind-ended pouch, about 4 feet long. The small intestine opens into the cecum, the cellulose plant fiber in the food is fermented by microbes for seven hours; the fermented material passes to the large colon. The microbes in the cecum produce vitamin K, B-complex vitamins and fatty acids; the reason horses must have their diets changed is so the microbes in the cecum are able to modify and adapt to the different chemical structure of new feedstuffs. Too abrupt a change in diet can cause colic.
The large colon, small colon, rectum make up the remainder of the large intestine. The large colon holds up to 20 US gallons of semi-liquid matter, its main purpose is to absorb carbohydrates. Due to its many twists and turns, it is a common place for a type of horse colic called an impaction; the small colon is 10 to 12 feet long, holds about 5 US gallons, is the area where the majority of water is absorbed, where fecal balls are formed. The rectum is about one foot long, acts as a holding chamber for waste, expelled from the body via the anus. Like all animals, equines require five main classes of nutrients to survive: water, proteins and minerals. Water is essential for life. Horses can only live a few days without water, becoming dangerously dehydrated if they lose 8-10% of their natural body water. Therefore, it is critically important for horses to have acce
The trot is a two-beat diagonal gait of the horse where the diagonal pairs of legs move forward at the same time with a moment of suspension between each beat. It has averages about 13 kilometres per hour. A slow trot is sometimes referred to as a jog. An fast trot has no special name, but in harness racing, the trot of a Standardbred is faster than the gallop of the average non-racehorse, has been clocked at over 30 miles per hour. On June 29, 2014 at Pocono Downs in Pennsylvania the Swedish standardbred Sebastian K trotted a mile in 1 minute, 49 seconds; this is equivalent to 33 miles per hour. From the standpoint of the balance of the horse, the trot is a stable gait and does not require the horse to make major balancing motions with its head and neck. Due to its many variations, the trot is a common gait. Eadweard Muybridge was the first to prove, by photography, in 1872 that there is a "moment of suspension" or "unsupported transit" during the trot gait. Depending on the amount of engagement and collection of the horse, the trot can be classified as "working", "collected", or "extended".
By the rhythm, one may distinguish a true, two-beat square trot when each diagonal pair of hoofs hits the ground at the same moment from a four-beat intermediate ambling gait, such as the fox trot or the "trocha" sometimes seen in the Paso Fino. Different speeds and types of trots are described by the following terms: Jog trot, as seen in western horses, is a slow, relaxed trot lacking the suspension of a working trot and with shorter strides, it is easy to ride because there is less "bounce". The head of the horse is carried low while the hindquarters are engaged and underneath the horse, there is less impulsion than in a dressage-style collected trot. Collected trot: A engaged trot where most of the horse's weight is carried toward the hindquarters; the frame is compressed and the stride length is shorter than any of the other trots with the horse taking higher steps. The horse is more mobile in the collected trot. Slow trot or Road gait: Is faster than a jog trot; this gait is one of the gaits used in harness classes at horse shows.
Working trot or Trot: The stride length is "normal" for the horse and is the natural trot of the horse when under saddle. It is a gait between the collected medium trot. Medium trot: A trot, more engaged and rounder than the working trot with moderately extended strides and good, solid impulsion; the medium trot lies between the extended trot. Park trot: Sometimes called a Trot in a given class and seen in saddle seat and fine harness classes for Saddlebreds and Morgans, it is a flashy trot with extreme elevation of the knees. The head is held high and at times a horse may hollow its back and lose cadence in an attempt to achieve high action in front; the hindquarters must be engaged for it to be properly performed. Lengthened trot: A trot with lengthened strides, it differs from the more advanced extended trot in that it does not require the horse to bring its weight as far back on its hindquarters. Road trot or Show at Speed: As seen in roadster classes, is a gait similar to a racing trot, but much slower.
The horse's head is collected, the stride is at maximum length, the step is high and animated. Extended trot: An engaged trot with long strides where the horse stretches its frame and lengthens its strides to the greatest degree possible; the horse has a great amount of suspension. The back is the horse's head just in front and vertical. Racing trot: As seen in harness racing horses that race at a trot, such as Standardbred; the stride is at its maximum length with a great deal of suspension. The hind leg in a diagonal pair may begin to hit the ground before the front. Unlike the extended trot, the neck is extended out; as of September 2013, the North American speed record for a racing trot under saddle at one mile is 1:59, or 30.25 miles per hour Two variations of the trot are specially trained in advanced dressage horses: the Piaffe and the Passage. The Piaffe is created by asking the horse to trot in place, with little forward motion; the Passage is an exaggerated slow motion trot. Both require tremendous collection, careful training and considerable physical conditioning for a horse to perform.
Depending on the horse and its speed, a trot can be difficult for a rider to sit because the body of the horse drops a bit between beats and bounces up again when the next set of legs strike the ground. Each time another diagonal pair of legs hits the ground, the rider can be jolted upwards out of the saddle and meet the horse with some force on the way back down. Therefore, at most speeds above a jog in English riding disciplines, most riders post to the trot, rising up and down in rhythm with the horse to avoid being jolted. Posting is easy on the horse's back, once mastered is easy on the rider. To not be jostled out of the saddle and to not harm the horse by bouncing on its back, riders must learn specific skills in order to sit the trot. Most riders learn to sit a slow jog trot without bouncing. A skilled rider can ride a powerfully extended trot without bouncing, but to do so requires well-conditioned back and abdominal muscles, to do so for long periods is tiring for experienced riders.
A fast, racing trot, such
Equine anatomy refers to the gross and microscopic anatomy of horses and other equids, including donkeys, zebras. While all anatomical features of equids are described in the same terms as for other animals by the International Committee on Veterinary Gross Anatomical Nomenclature in the book Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria, there are many horse-specific colloquial terms used by equestrians. Back: the area where the saddle sits, beginning at the end of the withers, extending to the last thoracic vertebrae Barrel: the body of the horse, enclosing the rib cage and the major internal organs Buttock: the part of the hindquarters behind the thighs and below the root of the tail Cannon or cannon bone: the area between the knee or hock and the fetlock joint, sometimes called the "shin" of the horse, though technically it is the metacarpal III Chestnut: a callosity on the inside of each leg Chin groove: the part of the horse's head behind the lower lip and chin, the area that dips down on the lower jaw.
Sometimes used colloquially to refer to the root of the tail, below. Elbow: The joint of the front leg at the point where the belly of the horse meets the leg. Homologous to the elbow in humans Ergot: a callosity on the back of the fetlock Face: the area between the forehead and the tip of the upper lip Fetlock: sometimes called the "ankle" of the horse, though it is not the same skeletal structure as an ankle in humans. Forehead: the area between the poll, the eyes and the arch of the nose Forelock: the continuation of the mane, which hangs from between the ears down onto the forehead of the horse Frog: the elastic wedge-shaped mass on the underside of the hoof, which makes contact with the ground every stride, supports both the locomotion and circulation of the horse Gaskin: the large muscle on the hind leg, just above the hock, below the stifle, homologous to the calf of a human Girth or heartgirth: the area right behind the elbow of the horse, where the girth of the saddle would go. Withers: the highest point of the thoracic vertebrae, the point just above the tops of the shoulder blades, seen best with horse standing square a
Hunt seat is a style of forward seat riding found in North American horse shows. Along with dressage, it is one of the two classic forms of English riding; the hunt seat is based on the tradition of fox hunting. Hunt seat competition in North America includes both flat and over fences for show hunters, which judge the horse's movement and form, equitation classes, which judge the rider's ability both on the flat and over fences; the term hunt seat may refer to any form of forward seat riding, including the kind seen in show jumping and eventing. Hunt seat is a popular form of riding in the United States, recognized by the USHJA and the United States Equestrian Federation, in Canada. While hunt seat showing per se is not an Olympic discipline, many show jumping competitors began by riding in hunter and equitation classes before moving into the jumper divisions; the Hunt seat is sometimes called the "forward seat." Ideally, a hunt seat rider has a secure position. This includes proper leg position, weight in heels, soft hands, good posture, balanced seat, eyes up and, when working over fences, looking ahead towards the next fence.
Riders employ a "two-point" position while jumping fences, depending on the type of course and height of fences. The position is so named; the rider supports his or her body using leg and stirrup, keeping the heels down, closing the hip angle, lifting the buttocks out of the saddle while keeping the head and shoulders up. On the flat, or when used on course between jumps, the two-point position allows the horse to have a great deal of freedom of movement because the rider's weight is lifted off its back. Position in two-point varies according to the task. Hunter riders have a upright two-point, as they show on level footing and at slower speed. Eventers may have a more crouched position with the heel more forward while riding cross-country, to provide more security as they ride over varying terrain at a fast gallop. Hunt seat competitions are divided into three horse show categories, hunters and jumpers. Show hunters as a group are judged on manners, way of going, conformation. Turnout, the presentation of horse and rider, are taken into account as well.
Jumpers are judged by how a horse can complete a course of jumps with the fewest errors, called faults. Equitation riders are judged on the way they look and form of the rider, the smoothness and overall appearance of the horse and rider as a team. Related disciplines within the broad category of "hunt seat" English riding include eventing and dressage, though the forward seat style of hunt seat equitation riders over fences contrasts with that of eventing riders in cross-country competition, or the deep, more upright position of dressage riders, a discipline that focuses on flat work does not incorporate jumping in competition; these activities are all differentiated from saddle seat-style English riding, an American-based discipline confined to the flat, developed for high-action show horses that are not intended to be shown over fences. Horses used in hunter over fences and hunter under saddle classes are called show hunters, are judged on their movement, way of going and jumping form. Conformation is judged to some extent as well.
Thus, quiet-moving, well-built horses with good temperament are desired. A related flat class seen in many breed-specific competitions, similar to Hunter Under Saddle is English Pleasure-Hunter Type, called "English Pleasure" within some regions and breeds. Although a somewhat different style of horse than the classic hunter may be shown, the goals of good manners, performance and conformation are still emphasized. Horses shown hunt seat may be of any breed, although those of Thoroughbred and Warmblood type are most common, except in pony classes. Regardless of breed, the horse should have a long stride with little knee action, good jumping form with correct bascule, should be well-mannered. For top level competition and jumping form become more important; the show jumper is a horse that has more power and energy than a show hunter. Because only jumping ability is scored, conformation and way of going are critical only as far as they affect soundness and ability to jump. Jumpers are taller and more powerfully built than hunters with a bit more speed.
Some are far more temperamental. Horses may be of any breed, though again and Warmbloods dominate the field, it is rare for a horse to perform both as a hunter and as a jumper as temperament and style of movement are markedly different. Hunt seat equitation classes judge the rider only, including his or her position on the flat and over fences and overall effectiveness while riding. Therefore, it is not imperative that the horse has perfect movement or jumping form, but it needs good manners and an attractive way of going that does not detract from the rider's performance. Although temperament is not judged, horses with a more tractable temperament are easier to ride, can therefore help riders demonstrate their skills; the ideal equitation mount has less bascule than the show hunter, because it is easier for a rider to maintain the correct jumping position on a "flatter" horse that does not throw the rider out of the saddle when it jumps. However, a show jumper is not ideal either, as the horse may be less smooth in its way of going and too excitable in temper for the rider to maintain steady and correct form over a course.
The American Saddlebred is a horse breed from the United States. This breed was referred to as the "Horse America Made". Descended from riding-type horses bred at the time of the American Revolution, the American Saddlebred includes the Narragansett Pacer, Canadian Pacer and Thoroughbred among its ancestors. Developed into its modern type in Kentucky, it was once known as the "Kentucky Saddler", used extensively as an officer's mount in the American Civil War. In 1891, a breed registry was formed in the United States. Throughout the 20th century, the breed's popularity continued to grow in the United States, exports began to South Africa and Great Britain. Since the formation of the US registry 250,000 American Saddlebreds have been registered, can now be found in countries around the world, with separate breed registries established in Great Britain, continental Europe, southern Africa. Averaging 15 to 16 hands in height, Saddlebreds are known for their sense of presence and style, as well as for their spirited, yet gentle, temperament.
They may be of any color, including pinto patterns, which have been acknowledged in the breed since the late 1800s. They are considered a gaited breed, as some Saddlebreds are bred and trained to perform four-beat ambling gaits, one being a "slow gait", one of three possible ambling patterns, the much faster rack; the breed does have a hereditary predisposition to lordosis, a curvature of the spine, as well as occupational predispositions to upper respiratory and lameness issues. Since the mid-1800s, the breed has played a prominent part in the US horse show industry, is called the "peacock of the horse world", they have attracted the attention of numerous celebrities, who have become breeders and exhibitors, purebred and partbred American Saddlebreds have appeared in several films during the Golden Age of Hollywood. Saddlebreds are known for their performance in the show ring, but can be seen in competition in several other English riding disciplines and combined driving, as well as being used as a pleasure riding horse.
American Saddlebreds compete in five primary divisions: Five-Gaited, Three-Gaited, Fine Harness and Pleasure. In these divisions they are judged on performance, presence and conformation. American Saddlebreds stand 15 to 17 hands high, averaging 15 to 16 hands, weigh between 1,000 and 1,200 pounds. Members of the breed have well-shaped heads with a straight profile, slim, arched necks, well-defined withers, sloping shoulders, correct leg conformation, strong level backs with well-sprung ribs; the croup is level with a high-carried tail. Enthusiasts consider them to be spirited, yet gentle, animals. Any color is acceptable, but most common are chestnut, bay and black; some are gray, roan and pinto. The first-known pinto Saddlebred was a stallion foaled in 1882. In 1884 and 1891, two additional pintos, both mares, were foaled; these three horses were recorded as "spotted", but many other pinto Saddlebreds with minimal markings were recorded only by their base color, without making note of their markings.
This practice continued into the 1930s, at which time breeders came to be more accepting of "colored" horses and began recording markings and registering horses as pinto. The Saddlebred has been called the "world's most beautiful horse" by admirers, is known as the "peacock of the horse world"; the United States Equestrian Federation describes the Saddlebred as follows: "He carries himself with an attitude, elusive of description—some call it "class", quality, style, or charm. This superior air distinguishes his every movement."Saddlebreds are popularly known as show horses, with horses being shown saddle seat in both three-gaited and five-gaited classes. The former are the three common gaits seen in most breeds, the walk and canter; the latter includes the three regular gaits, plus two four-beat ambling gaits known as the slow gait and the rack. The slow gait today is a four-beat gait in which the lateral pairs of legs leave the ground together, but strike the ground at different times, the hind foot connecting before the forefoot.
In the show ring, the gait should be performed with precision. The rack is a four-beat gait, but with equal intervals between each footfall, making it a smooth gait to ride. In the show ring, the gait is performed with action, appearing unrestrained; the slow gait could be either a running walk, the stepping pace, or the fox trot, the modern five-gaited Saddlebred performs a stepping-pace. Lordosis known as swayback, low back or soft back, has been found to have a hereditary basis in Saddlebreds and a recessive mode of inheritance; the precise mutation has not yet been located, but researchers believe it to be somewhere on horse chromosome 20. Researching this condition may help more than just the Saddlebred breed as it may "serve as a model for investigating congenital skeletal deformities in horses and other species." Due to the head position common in the show ring, Saddlebreds can have impairments to the upper respiratory system, but it is rare. A swayback is penalized as a fault at shows, in addition to other conformation flaws.
The Saddlebred has origins in the Galloway and Hobby horses of the British Isles, animals sometimes called palfreys, which had ambling gaits and were brought to the United States by early settlers. These animals were further refined in America to become a now-extinct breed called the Narragansett Pacer, a riding and driving breed known for its ambling and pacing gaits; when colonists imported T
Show hunter (British)
The show hunter is a type of show horse seen at equestrian events across Britain. The British "show hunter" is shown on the flat, while the "working hunter" must jump a series of rustic fences; the governing body that oversees show hunter horses is Sport Horse Breeding the Hunter Improvement Society. Horses competing in SHB affiliated ridden and in-hand hunter classes must be registered with Sport Horse. Horses competing in unaffiliated classes do not need to be registered. Show hunter ponies are overseen by the British Show Pony Society. Show hunter horses are divided into three weight sections - lightweight and heavyweight; the lightweight hunter should be able to carry up to 12 st 7 lb, stand around 16 to 16.2 hands and have about 81⁄2 inches of bone under the knee. The middleweight hunter stands around 16.3 hands, can carry between 12 st 7 lb and 14 st and has 83⁄4 to 9 inches of bone. The heavyweight stands around 17 hands, has 9 inches of bone under the knee and is capable of carrying over 14 st.
In addition to the three weight sections, hunters may compete in small hunter, ladies' hunter or working hunter classes. The small hunter must look like a "miniature middleweight"; the maximum height is 15.2 hands, small hunters should have short legs with a deep body. The ladies' hunter may be small, middleweight or heavyweight, should be ridden sidesaddle, it should give a smooth ride. Show hunter horses should be shown with manes plaited and ears and legs trimmed. Between nine and 13 plaits is traditional, although the number may vary depending on the horse's conformation. Tails may be plaited, although most professionals prefer to pull. Tack should be workmanlike, with bridles having a flat plain browband. Handlers should wear tweed jackets and tie, buff or canary breeches and black leather boots with garter straps. Show hunters should have a ground-covering movement with little knee action, they should be able to show a good gallop, come back to canter when asked. The horse should have straight, "daisy cutter" or "pointed toe" movement - "flicky toes" are a fault that suggests a horse has been schooled using artificial aids such as draw reins - and too much knee action is discouraged.
Working hunters can be of any of the weight classes, but are expected to jump a course of natural-looking fences in addition to performing the usual short show on the flat. Working hunter tack varies from traditional rules. Martingales, flash nosebands and grackle nosebands are permitted, although in the event of a tie-break, the horse wearing more traditional, simple tack will win. Plain black or brown boots are allowed in the jumping phase only. Riders may wear body protectors in the jumping phase only. Show hunter pony classes were first introduced in 1984. Ponies are shown in height classes - up to 12 hands 12 to 13 hands, 13 to 14 hands, 14 to 15 hands. Ponies over 148 cm but under 158 cm may enter Intermediate Show Hunter Type classes, which are open to riders under the age of 25. Turnout is the same as for show hunter horses, show hunter ponies are expected to show the same paces as their larger counterparts, with the exception of lead rein and first ridden competitors, who do not show the gallop.
Show hack Horse show Equestrianism Show hunter Sport Horse GB website BSPS website Video: Horse Of The Year Show champion overall show hunter Video: Horse Of The Year Show lightweight hunter class Slideshow: Horse Of The Year Show working hunters, including mountain and moorland working hunter classes