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Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute

The Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute is an association of American firearms and ammunition manufacturers. SAAMI publishes various industry standards related to the field, including fire code and chamber specifications, acceptable chamber pressure. Only manufacturers that are members of SAAMI are bound by the Institute's guidelines. SAAMI's work is broken up in various committees each with a specific charter; the Technical Committee does the main work of SAAMI. It is their job to set standards for ammunition and firearms, they interface with their European counterpart C. I. P. to try to develop common, internationally recognized standards. The technical committee provides an industry glossary to facilitate better communication; the Logistics and Regulatory Affairs committee is responsible for helping create transportation and store regulations. This is done through educating people and agencies on safe practices, they work with and are members of: International Code Council International Fire Code National Fire Protection Association Dangerous Good Advisory Council International Society of Explosive Engineers SAAMI Legal and Legislative Affairs Committee tracks and lobbies for and against legislation, works with regulatory agencies such as the ATF to represent their member's interests.

The Environmental Committee works on science-based management of environmental issues such as wildlife and human health as they relate to products produced by SAAMI member companies. Their goal is "A clean and healthy ecosystem." Internationally, SAAMI is an accredited United Nations ECOSOC Non-Government Organization with Consultative Status. It is their task to be a technical resource for various decision making groups inside the UN. A current list of member companies can be found at The international equivalent of SAAMI is the Commission Internationale Permanente pour l'Epreuve des Armes à Feu Portatives abbreviated as C. I. P. Despite working together, the two main industry standards organizations SAAMI and C. I. P. have assigned different standards for some cartridges. This leads to sanctioned conflicting differences between European and American ammunition and chamber dimensions and maximum allowed chamber pressures; some cartridges with possible chamber and ammunition dimensional conflicts, similar to the unsafe combinations listed above, are listed in the Delta L problem article.

Under SAAMI proof test procedures, for bottlenecked cases the center of the transducer is located.175 in behind the shoulder of the case for large diameter transducers and.150 in for small diameter transducers. For straight cases the center of the transducer is located one-half of the transducer diameter plus.005 in behind the base of the seated bullet. Small transducers are used. Under C. I. P. Proof test standards a drilled case is used and the piezo measuring device will be positioned at a distance of 25 mm from the breech face when the length of the cartridge case permits that, including limits; when the length of the cartridge case is too short, pressure measurement will take place at a cartridge specific defined shorter distance from the breech face depending on the dimensions of the case. The difference in the location of the pressure measurement gives different results than the C. I. P. Standard. List of modern armament manufacturers Overpressure ammunition NATO EPVAT testing Small arms ammunition pressure testing DEVA, a German firearms test institute C.

I. P. CD-ROM edition 2003 C. I. P. Decisions and tables SAAMI/ANSI Standards: ANSI/SAAMI Centerfire Pistol & Revolver | Z.299.3 1993 ANSI/SAAMI Centerfire Rifle | Z.299.4 1992 ANSI/SAAMI Rimfire | Z.299.1 1992 ANSI/SAAMI Shotshell | Z.299.2 1992 ANSI/SAAMI Abusive Mishandling | Z.299.5 1996 SAAMI homepage Voluntary Guidelines For Ammunition and Firearms CARTRIDGES & CHAMBERS SAAMI Information and Specifications

Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009

Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 with the song "This Is Our Night" sung by Sakis Rouvas. The Greek national television broadcaster Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi announced that it had internally selected Rouvas to represent Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest on July 15, 2008, making Greece the first country to pick an artist for the 2009 edition. After choosing the artist, ERT set up a national final held on February 2009 to select the song. Rouvas sang three candidate songs, all with music written by Dimitris Kontopoulos, "This Is Our Night" was declared the winner, gaining a large majority of the votes. Following the selection of the song, Rouvas began a promotional tour around Europe and appeared on many shows, including the selections for other countries participating in the Contest. At the second semi-final of the Contest on May 14, Greece qualified for the final after coming in fourth place with 110 points. At the May 16 final, Rouvas presented "This Is Our Night" eighth out of 25 and at the end of voting, was awarded seventh place, marking Greece's sixth consecutive top 10 placing since 2004.

Prior to the 2009 Contest, Greece had participated in the Eurovision Song Contest twenty-nine times since its first entry in 1974, winning it in 2005 with the song "My Number One" performed by Elena Paparizou, being placed third three times: in 2001 with the song "Die for You" performed by the duo Antique. Following the introduction of the semi-finals for the 2004 contest, Greece has had a top ten placing each year. Greece's least successful result was in 1998 when it placed twentieth with the song "Mia Krifi Evesthisia" by Thalassa, receiving only twelve points in total, all from Cyprus; the Greek national broadcaster, Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi broadcasts the event in Greece each year and organizes the selection process for its entry. From 2004 to 2006, ERT had selected high-profile artists internally and set up national finals to choose the song, while in 2007 and 2008 it held a televised national final to choose both the song and performer. For the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest, ERT was able to secure a high-profile artist once again and planned a national final to choose the song.

Announced in July 2008, Sakis Rouvas represented Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009. This was Rouvas' second appearance at Eurovision as a performer, third overall. In 2004, he represented Greece with "Shake It", placing third, in 2006, he hosted the Eurovision Song Contest in Athens alongside Maria Menounos. Johnny Kalimeris, Eurovision project manager for ERT stated that they had announced Rouvas' participation so early because they had "already agreed with Sakis Rouvas so there was no reason to keep it a secret it was about to leak decided to make a short announcement early on to avoid the usual speculations and rumors which could do more damage than good"; as in 2005 and 2006, when ERT picked the artist internally, a national final was organized where three potential entries would be heard in playback and voted on via televoting/SMS and "expert" jury voting weighted at 60% and 40% respectively. On October 14, 2008, ERT held a press conference to present Rouvas as the entrant for the Eurovision Song Contest 2009.

It was announced that Dimitris Kontopoulos will be the only composer to submit songs. Another press conference followed on February 12, 2009 where ERT presented the three potential entries to the media; the public along with an "expert" jury had three songs to choose from, all composed by Dimitris Kontopoulos. All three songs were choreographed by Fokas Evagelinos. Responding to a question about the style of the song, asked by a reporter in the October 14 press conference, Rouvas answered that he trusted in Dimitris Kontopoulos, that Kontopoulos had written many hits for him and knew what style of songs that fit Rouvas the best. On February 10, 2009, two days ahead of the song press conference, song titles and lyricists were revealed to the media. Alexandra Zakka wrote the lyrics for the first song, titled Out of control, a pop song with R&B elements, while Craig Porteils and Cameron Giles-Webb wrote the lyrics for both Right on time, a mid-tempo song with rock elements, This is our night, a dance song.

Craig Porteils is a Greek Australian music producer who has written songs and lyrics for Cher, Billy Idol, Tevin Campbell, Guns N' Roses, Rod Stewart, Ozzy Osbourne among others, while Cameron Giles-Webb is another Greek Australian music producer, the head of Gusto Music. Alexandra Zakka is a young upcoming lyricist who speaks English, French and Spanish among other languages; the national final took place on 18 February 2009 at the Athinon Arena. Betty and Mathildi Maggira presented the show, will be the Greek commentators at the Eurovision Song Contest in Moscow; the show had a main concept of Eurovision history and included a flashback to the Eurovision world from 1956 when the contest was broadcast on radio to the present. The show was directed by Giorgos Kapoutzidis; the winning song was chosen by a seven-member jury. The jury consisted of composer Mimis Plessas, once again the head of the jury, General Manager of ERT Television Dimitris Gontikas and General Manager of ERT Radio Antonis Andrikakis, President of ERT Public Relations Evangelia Piskera, record executive Olga Pavlatou, record producer Giorgos Kyvelos, Greek ESCToday representative Stella Floras.

The vote by Stella Floras came from the result of a poll for international fans conducted by ESCToday. The show featured appearances by Cyprus' Christina Metaxa performing "Firefly", Turkey's Hadise performing "Düm Tek Tek"

Dawn Lyn

Dawn Lyn Nervik is an American former child actress who acted from age 4 to 15. She is best known for her role as Dodie Douglas during the last three seasons of the sitcom My Three Sons, her brother, Leif Garrett, is a actor. Dawn Lyn Nervik was born in California, to Carolyn Stellar and Rik Nervik, her father was absent for most of her life. She and her older brother Leif Garrett began performing as child actors within a year or two of each other, she financially supported her brother from 1969 until her brother's fame eclipsed hers. Dawn Lyn started her entertainment career at age five, she first appeared as an American Indian boy in the 1967 B-grade western Cry Blood, Apache at age 4. She stated. In 1969, Lyn played the character Prudence Everett in the pilot for the ABC series Nanny and the Professor but when the television pilot did not sell, she was released from her contract with ABC, she was cast as Dodie Douglas on the long-running family comedy television series My Three Sons. ABC sued unsuccessfully to get Lyn to perform in Nanny and the Professor after she had been cast for My Three Sons.

After ABC's lawsuit against Lyn failed, Kim Richards was cast as Prudence Everett, although Lyn was a brunette and Richards was a blonde. Lyn remained on My Three Sons. Lyn worked in her youth on many popular series like Adam-12, Emergency!, Marcus Welby, M. D. Barnaby Jones and Gunsmoke. In 1971 Lyn had a major role in the western Shoot Out as Gregory Peck's character's daughter, she appeared in movies such as the Walking Tall trilogy. In 1973 Lyn auditioned for the role of Regan in The Exorcist, but was considered too young for the subject matter, she had a recurring role as Reagan in the 1974 NBC series Born Free. She had a recurring role in the 1977 series The Red Hand Gang. In 1974, Lyn appeared in the cult classic Devil Times Five, where Lyn's character Moe dumps a bucket of piranhas into a bathtub to creatively kill the character Lovely, played by Lyn's mother; as of December 2015 her last onscreen acting credit was in the 1978 Wonder Woman episode "My Teenage Idol is Missing" which starred her brother as a character similar to himself, a teen pop star, in which Lyn played a devoted fan.

Like many petite child actors, Lyn's 4 ft 10 in height began to work against her when in her teen years. She made a few appearances with Nickelodeon when the network revived the syndicated My Three Sons series. During a 1990 appearance in New York City for Nickelodeon, she was invited for an in-studio radio broadcast of The Howard Stern Show along with actress Erin Murphy. Lyn and Murphy discussed international politics, it was Lyn's second appearance on Stern's program. While living in Avalon on Catalina Island from 1997 to 2006, Lyn performed live voice acting with the Avalon Community Theater Radio Troupe. Actor Tony Dow participated in an in-studio show and appeared with Lyn at an island charity fundraiser along with his TV brother Jerry Mathers and TV mother Barbara Billingsley. Actor Johnny Whitaker, a childhood friend of Lyn's when Family Affair was being shot on the same studio lot as My Three Sons, joined her in a live broadcast of the troupe's satire of the film Pearl Harbor. Dawn Lyn on IMDb Whatever Happened To: Dawn Lyn

Toby Wing

Toby Wing was an American actress and showgirl. Wing was born in Virginia, to Paul Wing and Martha Thraves, she had Gertrude and a younger brother, Paul. Her great-uncle was English playwright Sir Arthur Wing Pinero. Wing began working onscreen at age 9, her father was an assistant director for Paramount Pictures. In 1931, she became one of the first Goldwyn Girls, she started her film career in Palmy Days. In 1932 she was seen in Mack Sennett-produced comedies made by one starring Bing Crosby. Wing made an impression with producers and moviegoers, but she broke through to leading roles. Many of her roles were small and clothed, before the introduction of the 1934 Production Code, but she became recognized as a sex symbol. Since her contracted studio was mired in bankruptcy during much of her career, much of her work was done on loan at Warner Bros. and after her release, on low budget efforts on a per-film basis. Wing enjoyed a far more successful sideline doing product endorsements and was featured in innumerable fan magazines from 1933-38.

She was well known offscreen for her romances, was linked to Jackie Coogan, Maurice Chevalier, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. Toby Wing played a few leading roles in B features and short subjects. In 1936 and 1937, she worked opposite singer-songwriter Pinky Tomlin in two of his low budget musical features, With Love and Kisses and Sing While You're Able; the two stars were engaged during late 1937. Although the romance ended before their planned wedding, they remained close until Tomlin's death, her last leading role was in The Marines Come Thru. She retired from movies after marrying the pilot Dick Merrill, more than 20 years her senior, on October 19, 1938 in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Wing completed her acting career on Broadway in the unsuccessful Cole Porter musical You Never Know, which starred Lupe Vélez, Clifton Webb, Libby Holman, J. Harold Murray; the couple retired to DiLido, where Merrill was assigned Eastern Airlines' New York-Miami route for the remainder of his career. Wing became successful in real estate in Florida.

Wing and Merrill settled in Virginia, where they lived together until Merrill's death in 1982. Wing and Merrill married via elopement when she was 22, they had two sons. Their first child died of what was termed "Crib Death" and their second son, was murdered in their Miami home in September 1982 at age 42, his murder was related to his involvement in a large-scale marijuana-smuggling operation in New Orleans. At the time of his death he was free on appeal of a drug-smuggling conviction; the Merrills were living in Virginia at the time and the case is still listed as unsolved. The couple was survived by two granddaughters. Wing's father, a career reserve Army officer, was reactivated for service prior to World War II and was captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in 1942, he survived the Bataan Death March and was rescued in the Raid at Cabanatuan by U. S. Army Rangers and Filipino guerillas, a story told in The Great Raid. Paul Wing died in 1957, her younger sister, Pat Wing Gill, was an actress and chorus girl who worked for Warner Bros.

Her brother, Paul Reuben Wing, was a billionaire real estate mogul who led a quiet life away from the Hollywood limelight in Lake Elsinore, California. Features: Short Subjects: Toby Wing on IMDb Toby Wing at the Internet Broadway Database Photographs Toby Wing at Find a Grave

George Shiras Jr.

George Shiras Jr. was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, nominated to the Court by Republican President Benjamin Harrison. At that time, he had never judged a case. Shiras's only public service before he became a justice was as a federal elector in 1888 four years before his nomination in 1892. Shiras was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania January 26, 1832, he attended Ohio University and graduated from Yale College, Phi Beta Kappa, in 1853. He left before earning a law degree, he finished his training by reading law at a law office practiced law in Dubuque, Iowa from 1855 to 1858, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from 1858 to 1892. In Pittsburgh, he became a prominent corporate attorney, he was noted for his honesty and pragmatism while representing some of the nation's industrial giants. On July 19, 1892, Shiras was nominated by President Harrison to a Supreme Court seat vacated by Joseph P. Bradley, he was recommended for the post by Secretary of State James G. Blaine. Shiras was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 26, 1892, received his commission the same day.

Although Shiras sat on the Court for more than 10 years authoring 253 majority decisions and 14 dissents, he is noted for his votes on just two landmark cases, Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. and Plessy v. Ferguson, he sided with the majority in the 5–4 decision in Pollock to strike down the Income Tax Act of 1894 as unconstitutional. Some historians believe Shiras was the pivotal Justice who switched his vote, while other historians suspect that it was either Justice Horace Gray or Justice David Brewer. Regardless, the ruling in Pollock led to the need for a constitutional amendment to impose a federal income tax, in 1913, the Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. Shiras voted with the 7–1 majority in the case Plessy v. Ferguson, a case which upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the doctrine of separate but equal, and, overruled in 1954. Shiras retired from the bench on February 23, 1903, remained in retirement until his death, in Pittsburgh, in 1924.

His son, George Shiras III, served as a member of the United States House of Representatives for Pennsylvania. Friedman, Leon; the Justices of the United States Supreme Court, 1789–1969: Their Lives and Major Opinions. New York: Chelsea House. George Shiras Jr. at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. George Shiras Jr. at Find a Grave

Dija Baiano

Djavan de Lima Araujo known as Dija Baiano, is a Brazilian professional footballer for Uberlândia. He has represented Brasiliense, Volta Redonda, Macaé, Boavista and Treze in national league competitions, was part of the Volta Redonda team which won 2016 Campeonato Brasileiro Série D, he spent time abroad in Qatar with Al-Mesaimeer in 2013–14, in Saudi Arabia with Al-Orobah in 2018. BrasilienseCampeonato Brasiliense: 2011Volta RedondaCampeonato Brasileiro Série D: 2016 Dija Baiano at Soccerway